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I I I 11 ■! ^ mam I II r , 



VOTE 



AND 



PROCEEDINGS 






OF THE 



GENERAL ASSEMBLY 



OF THE 



Colony of NEW-JERSEY. 



At a session began at PERTH-AMBOY, 
Wednesday, August ip*** 1772, and continued 

UNTIL 1^.£ 26^^ DAY OF SEPTEMBER FOLLOWING. 



Being the eirst Session of the twenty-second Assembly 

OF NEW- JERSEY. 




'i*' 




BURLINGTON, 

Printed by ISAAC COLLINS, Printer to the King, for 
the Province of New-Jersey, Mdcclxxii. 



v\ 











f 5 ) 



Votes^ &c. of the General AJfembly. 



NAMES OF THE 



REPRESENTATIVES. 



CITY of Perth- Amhoy, 
Middhfex, 

Monmouth, 

Efex, 

So?uerfet, 

Bergen, 

Morris, 
City of Burlington, 
County of Burlington, 

Gloucejier, 

Salem, 

Cape-May, 

Hunterdon, 

Cumberland, 

Suffex, 



Cortland Skinner, Speaker, 
John Wetherill, 
Edward Taylor, 
Stephen Crane, 
Hendrick Fillier, 
Theunis Day, 
Jacob Ford, 
James Kinfey, 
Henry Paxfon, 
John Hinchman, 
Grant Gibbon, 
Jonathan Hand, 
Samuel Tucker, 
John Sheppard, 
Thomas Van Home, 



John Combs, 
John Moores, 
Richard Lawrence, 
Henry Garritfe, 
John R.oy, 
Johannes Deraareft, 
William Winds, 
Thomas P. Hewlings, 
Anthony Sykes, 
Robert F. Price, 
BeDJamin Holme, 

John Mehelm, 
Theophilus Elmer, 
Nathaniel Pettit. 



PERTH-AMBOr, JVedneJday, Auguft 19, 1772. 



PURSUANT to His Majefty's Writs for eledling Reprefentatives 
to aflift in General Aflembly, returnable at Perth-Amboy on 
the fecond of April laft, and to feveral Prorogations, from 
Time to Time, until tlais Day, the Members returned met 
accordingly. 

Mr. Skinner and Mr, Kiitfey were defired to wait on the Governor, 
inform him thereof, and defire he will pleafe to appoint fome Perfon or 
Perfons to qualify the Members. 

Mr. Skinner reported, that Mr. Kinfey and himfelf waited on his 
Excellency accordingly, who was pleafed to fay he would fend the 
Dedimus Potejlatem by Mr. Pettit the Secretary. 

The Secretary attending with a Dedimus, authoriiing Frederick Smyth, 
Charles Read, and David Ogden, Efquires, Charles Pettit and Cortland 
Skinner, Efquires, and each and every of them, to tender and admi- 

nifter 



[ 4, ] 

111 Pier an Oatli or AlTirmation to the Icveral Rcprefcntatives returned, 
and to eaufe them to make and fubfcribe the Declaration accord- 
ing to Law ; the fame was produced and read, and then Cortland 
Skinner, Efquire, being quahlicd before Charles Pettit, Efquire, 
John Coiubs, "John V/etbcrill, John Moores, Edivard Taylor, Stephen 
Crane, Henry Garritfe, Ilendrick Fifjcr, "John Roy, Theunis Dey, Johannes 
Dcmarejl, Jacob Ford, IVilliam Winds, Tho>7ias Polegreen Heivlings, 
Robert Friend Price, Grant Gibbon, Beiijamin Holme, Theophilus Elnier^ 
Jonathan Hand, Eli Eldridgc, Samuel Tucker, John Mehelm, Thomas Van 
Home, and Nathaniel Pettit, Efquires, were fworn ; and Richard 
Lanvrence, James KinJ'ey, Henry Paxfon, Anthotiy Sykes, John Hinchman, 
and John Sheppard, Efquires, being of the People called ^takers, 
were dnlv affirmed, and they all made and liibfcribed the Declaration 
according to Law, before Cortland Skinner, Efquire. 

The Clerk of the Crown laid before the Houfe the feveral Writs for 
cle'fting Repi*efentatives, with their Returns. 

Mr. Fipoer and Mr. Vvetherill were defired, by the Members, to wait 
on his Excellency and inform him of the Qualification of the Mem- 
bers, and defii'e Leave to choofe a Speaker, 

Mr. Fijfjer reported, that Mr. Wetherill and himfelf waited on thd 
Governor accordingly, who was pleafed to fay the Members might pro- 
ceed tQ the Choice of a Speaker : 

Whereupon the Members proceeded to the Choice of a Speaker, when 
Cortland Skinner, Efq. was chofen, and placed in the Chair accordingly. 
(Jrdered, 

TIii6t Mr. Dey and Mr. Taylor do wait upon his Excellency and inform 
him of the Choice of a Speaker, and defire to know when the Houfe 
Ihall attend his Excellency with their Speaker, for his Approbation. 

Mr. ^Dey reported, that Mr. Taylor and himfelf waited on his Excel- 
lenc}*; according to Order, who was pleafed to fay he would receive 
the Houfe with their Speaker To-morrow Morning at Ten o'CIock. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Ten o'CIock. 

Thiirfday, Aiiguji 10, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 
A Meflage from His Excellency by the Deputy Secretary. 

Gentlemen, 

I S Excellency is in the Council Chamber, and ready to receive 
the Prelentation of your Speaker : 

Whereupon Mr. Speaker left the Chair and with the Houfe went to 
wait upon his Excellency ; and being returned, Mr. Speaker refumed 
the Chair and reported, that the Houfe had waited on his Excellency, 
and had preiented him as their Speaker, and that his Excellency was 
picaled to approve of their Choice ; that he had requefled of the Gover- 
nor, that the Houfe might be protedled at all Times in their ufual 
Privileges, which was readily granted. Afterwards his Excellency was 
plcaicd to make a Speech to the Council and Houfe of AiTembly, of 

which 




which Mr. Speaker faid he had, to prevent Miftakes, obtained a Copy ; 
which, by Order of the Houfe, was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading, and is in the Words following, viz. 

Gentlemen of the Council, and Gentlemen of the General Affcmhly, 

IT affords me particular Pleafure to have it in my Power, at the 
opening of this Seffion, to congratulate you on the Addition 
which, by his Majeily's gracious Allowance, has been made to 
the Number of Reprefentatives of the Good People of this Province, 
An Event at which I the more rejoice, as I flatter myfelf it will be a 
Means of uniting all the Parts of the Colony, in promoting many 
Schemes of publick Utility, which have hitherto been too much ne- 
gle6led. A fatal Sentiment has long unhappily prevailed in this Province, 
that every Meafure which muft be attended with Expence, and has not a 
Tendency to benefit every Part of the Province equally, ought not to 
be adopted by the Legiflature. It is, however, fcarcely poffible tq 
contrive any Scheme for the publick Advantage, which can have fo 
extenfive an Effect. In the Nature of Things, Ibme Situations muft be 
more immediately benefited than others ; yet whatever procures an 
Advantage to any Part of the Province, which it did not enjoy before, 
is ultimately a Benefit to the Whole. For want of a due Attention to 
this Truth, this Province, which has equal natural Advantages with 
any of the neighbouring Colonies, is, though one of the moft antienf, 
IhamefuUy behind all the others in its Trade, Roads, Bridges, publick 
Buildings, and fuch odier Improvements as denote a fenfibleandfpirited 
People. Every unneceffary Expence fliould indeed be carefully avoided, 
but it is neither confulting the Intereft nor Reputation of the Province 
to decline any Expence wloich the publick Good does at any Time 
require. 

Gentlemen of the General AJfemblyy 

In the Year 1763', the Affembly thought proper, on my Recommen- 
dation, to grant a Bounty upon the raifing of Flax and Hemp, and 
planting of Mulberry Trees in this Colony for raifing of raw Silk. 
The Bounty on the two firft Articles has, I am told, been produdlive 
of very good Effecfts ; but the Bounty on the latter has, I believe, 
never -been applied for, owing to the People not being, till lately, 
fenfible of the Advantages which might accrue to them from the 
Culture of Silk. From the Succefs of the Trials which were made laft 
Year in this Colony and Pennjjlvania (a particular Account of which is 
printed in the Minutes of Afl'embly) there can be no doubt but that it 
would be greatly to die Intereft of the Province to encourage the raifing 
of that Article : I cannot therefore but recommend it as a Matter worthy 
of your particular Attention ; and, for the fame Reafon, I m-uft like- 
wife requeft that you' will continue the Bounty on Flax and Hemp, 
which is near expiring, and grant others on die making of Wines 
and Pot-afh in this Colony. 

In providing for the Support of Government, I would wifli you to 
confider how greatly inadequate the ufual Salaries allowed die publick 
Officers of this Province are to the encreafed Expences of Living, and 
to the encreafed Abilities of the Inhabitants, fince the Time they were 

B firft 



[ 6 ] 

firfc cfliibnihed. An ill-judged Parfimony has hitherto prevailed in this 
Reipecl ; but I fhould think myl'elif wanting in real Regard for the 
Province, if I did not warn you at this Time agaiull a Conducl, the 
Continuance of which will moil probably be found to be as impolitic 
as it is unbecoming the Honour of the Province you reprefent. On 
this Head I am to inform you, that it has been figuilied to mc, that 
the Chief- Juflice having been under a Nece/Tity of reprefenting the 
Infutliciency of his Support to the King, " His Majefty has been graci- 
" oufly pleafed to give him an adequate Salary, which Mark of his 
" Majerty's Attention to the Dignity and Independance of that Officer, 
" it is hoped will give great Satisfaction ; and as it is his Majefty's Plea- 
" fure that. he fhould no longer accept any Allowance from the Aifem- 
" bly, the Province will be relieved from any furdier Expence on 
" Account of that Eitablilhment." 

Geiitkfiien of the Council^ and Gentlemen of the General Affemhly^ 

I have nov/ only to exprefs my Wiflies, that an uninterrupted Harmo- 
ny and good Underftanding may prevail in all your Deliberations for 
the publick Welfare, and to affure you that you fliall ever find me 
ready to exert myfelf to the utmoft in whatever may beft promote the 
true Interefl of this Colony. 

Council Chamber, 7 -wt -nr* a ■\.^tr•r txt 

Auguji 20. , 772. 1 Wm. F R A N K L I N. 

. Refolved^ 
That Henry Richards be appointed Door-keeper to this Houle. 

Ordered alfo. 
That Andrew Roblnfon be Sergeant at Arms to this Houfe. 

Refolved, 
That the Yeas and Nays of the Members be entered in the Minutes, 
if requefled by any three Members. 

Refolved, 
Tliat the Speaker, with any two Members of this Houfe, be a fuffici- 
cnt Number to meet and adjourn, from Time to Time ; but not lefs 
than twenty be a fufficient Number to proceed to any other Bufinefs ; nor 
Jefs than twenty-four, when any Money is to be raifed, or applied. 

Refolved, 
That Dr. Benjamin Franklin be, and he is hereby appointed Agent of 
this Colony. 

Ordered, 
That Ifiac Collins do print the Votes of tliis Houfe, being firft exa- 
mined and figned by the Speaker. 

Refolved, 
That a Committee of Grievances do fet every JVcdnefday, if Occafl- 
on ; and that the faid Committee be a Committee of the whole Houfe. 
Ordered, 
That the Doors of this Houfe be open ; and all Perfbns may, if 
they think proper, be prefcnt at any publick Debate, under the fame 
Rules and Orders obfcrved in the Houfe of Commons. 

The 



[ 7 ] 

The Secretary laid before die Houfe feveral Papers relative to the 
Speech, and alio a Difallowance of two Adls pafTed in 1770 ; vvhich 
were read, and are as follows, to ivit, 

At the Court of St. James's the 15th of January lyji. 

PRESENT, 
The king's Most Excellent Majesty. 
Lord President, Viscount Barrincton, 

Duke of Queensberry, Viscount Hinchinbrooke, 

Lord Chamberlain, Lord North, 

Earl of Denbigh, General Conway, 

Earl of Sandwich, Welbore Ellis, Esq. 

Earl of Litchfield, Sir Gilbert Elliot, 

Earl of Rochford, George Onslow, Esq. 

Earl of Bristol, George Rice, Esq. 

Viscount Falmouth, 

Whereas by Commiffion under the Great Seal of Great-Britain, the 
Governor, Council and AlTembly of his Majefly's Province of Neiv- 
Jerfey, are authorized and impowered to make, conftitute and ordain 
Laws, Statutes and Ordinances for the public Peace, Welfare and Good 
Government of tlie faid Province ; which Laws, Statutes and Ordinan- 
ces are to be, as near as conveniently may be, agreeable to the Laws 
and Statutes of this Kingdom, and are to be tranfmitted for his Ma- 
jefty's Royal Approbation or Difallowance. And Whereas, in Purfu- 
ance of the faid Powers, two Acls were pafled in the faid Province in 
Ocloher 1770, and tranfmitted, entitled as follows, 'uiz. 

A Supplementary Ac5l to an Acl, entitled, An Aci for the better enabling of 
Creditors to recover their jxifl Debts from Perfons ivho abfcond themfelves. 

An Aft to enable Perfons 'who are his Majefly s liege Subje6ls, either 
by Birth or Naturalization^ to inherit and hold Real EJiates, notivith- 
Jlanding the Purchafe, Grant, or Devfe ivere made before Naturalization^ 
ivithin this Colojiy. 

Which A(5ls, together with a Reprefentation from the Lords Com- 
miflloners for Trade and Plantations thereupon, having been referred to 
the Confideration of a Committee of the Lords of his Majefty's Mofl 
Honourable Privy Council, the faid Lords of the Committee did this 
Day report as their Opinion to his Majefty, that the faid A<5ts ought to 
be difallowed. His Majefly taking the fame into Confideration, was 
pleafed, with tlie Advice of his Privy Council, to declare his Difallow- 
ance of the faid Acfts ; and purfuant to his Majefly's Royal Pleafvire 
thereupon exprelTed, the faid Adts are hereby difallowed, declared 
void and of none EfFedl. Whereof the Governbr or Commander in 
Chief of his Majefly's faid Province of Neiv-Jerfey for the Time being, 
and all others whom it may concern are to take Notice, and govern 
themfelves accordmgly. 

STEPHEN COTTRELL. 

A 



[ 8 ] 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from a Number of the Inha- 
bitants of the Southern Ward of Pertb-Awboy, fetting forth, and com- 
phiining as a Grievance, that John Cowbs, Efq. one of the Reprefen- 
tatives returned for the City of Ferth-Amboy, is a Non-refident, and 
that his Eftate lies in the County of Monmouth ; and praying the Houfe 
to take the fame into Confideration, 6'^. which was read, and order- 
ed a fecond Reading. 

Mr. EH Eldrldge (late Sheriff of Cape-May) having returned him- 
felf one of the Reprefentatives for Cape-May, which appears from the 
Return of the Writ and Indenture, the Houl'e took the lame into Con- 
lideration, and, after fome Debate, the Houfe deferred tlie Determi- 
nation thereon until the Afternoon. 

The Houle adjourned till Three, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

The Houfe refumed the Confideration of the Return of Eli Eldridge 
as a Reprelentative for the County of Cape-May, and, after fome De- 
bate thereon, on the Quefcion, Whether the faid Eli Eldridge is legal- 
ly returned or not ? It palfed in the Negative, as follows, 

YEAS. NAYS. N A Y S. 

Mr. ll^ithcrill, Mr. Moores, Mr. Pax/on, 

Mr. La-wrence, Mr. Tay/or, Mr. Sjhs, 

Mr. Hand, Mr. Crane, Mr. Hinchnan, 

Mr. Eline'r. Mr. Carritfe, Mr. Pr 



'^nce. 



Mr. Fijher, Mr. Cibbon, 

Mr. Roy, Mr. Holme, 

Mr. Dey, . Mr. Tucker, 

Mr. Demarejl, Mr. Mehelm, 

Mr. Ford, Mr. Sheppard, 

Mr. Winds, Mr. Vaji Home, 

Mr. Khifey, Mr. Pettit. 

Mr. He-mlings, 

Refol'ved, 
That his Seat be vacated, and the Speaker ifTue his Warrant to the 
Clerk of the Crown, for a Writ to ifTue for the Choice of a Reprefentative 
in his Place. 

The Petition againfl John Combs, who is returned as one of the Re- 
prclentatives of the City of Perth-Amboy, being read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 
That the Parties be heard before the Houfe on Monday next, at 
Three of the Clock in the Afternoon. 

Mr. Cotnbs having moved for Leave of Abfence j 

Ordered, 
That he hive Leave till Monday next. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Inhabitants of 
the Counties of tl/Jex, Morris, and Bergen, praying a Law to enable the 
feveral Owners of the Meadows and low Lands, lying near and adjoin- 
ing the River PaJJ'aick, to remove certain Obftruclions of the Courfe of 
faid River, <6'C. which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. FiJI^r and Mr. Ford be a Committee to infpccT; the Mi- 
nutes of the former Houfe of Reprefentatives, and report what Bufinefs 
was referred for further Confideration. 

Ordered, 



[ 9 ] 

Ordered^ 
That Mr. Crane, Mr. Wetherill, and Mr. Kinfey, be a Committee to 
infpedl what Laws are expired, or near expiring, and make Report to 
the Houfe. 

A Petition was prefented bv William Throckmorton, an iniblvent Deb- 
tor, praying a Law for his Relief, o'f. which being read ; on the 
Queflion, ordered a lecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Freeholders and 
Inliabitants of Eff'ex and Bergen, fetting forth, that the flopping up 
the River Pajjaick is greatly prejudicial to them, both in Filhing and 
Navigation ; and praying a Law to remedy the fame ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by divers Freeholders and Inhabitants of 
the County of Burlington, praying an Emiffion of Paper Currency ; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by the Grand Inqueft for the Body of the 
County of Burlington, fetting forth many Inconveniences attending 
the Importation of Convicl Servants into this Colony, and praying a 
Law to remedy the fame ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Read- 
ing. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Friday^ Aiigiift 21, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefemed by fundry Inhabitants of the City and 
County of Burlington, praying that a Toll-Bridge may be eflablifhed 
over Crojpwicks Creek ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Read- 

Six feveral Petitions from the principal Inhabitants of the City and 
County of Burlington were prefented, praying a Law to abolilli Fairs in 
faid City ; which were read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented from divers Merchants and Inhabitants of 
the County of Burlington praying a Law for die better regulating the 
packing of Beef and Pork ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

Two Petitions were prefented from the Owners and PofTefTors of the 
Marfh or Meadow on both Sides of Rapapa Creek, in the County of Glou- 
xejier, praying a Law to erecl a Bank, Dam, and Water-works, to pre- 
vent the Tide from overflowing the fame ; alfo one other Petition op- 
pofing it ; which were read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented from the Owners of Meadows and Marfhes 
lying on Englijh\ Creek, in the County of Burlington, praying a Re- 
peal or Alteration of the 8th Section of a Law obtained at the lafl Sefli- 
ons, for flopping out the Tide from overflowing faid Meadows, <^c. 
alfo another Petition againfl it ; which were read, and ordered a fe- 
cond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented from the Owners and PofTefTors of the Mea- 

C dow 



[ -o ] 

<iow and Swamp lying on a Branch o^ Allozi-njs Creek, in the County 
of Siilcm, praying a liipplementary A61 to an Adl, entitled Ati A(£l to 
cmible the Oivners and Fojfejfors of /aid Meadoivs, to keep Jtp and viain- 
tain the Bank, Dam, and other Water-'works in the /aid Meadoivs^ &c. 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

V/hereas the bringing in of Petitions, for private Bills, at any Time 
during a Se/hon of Airembly, too often impedes the public Bufinefs, 
Rtfolved, 

That no Petitions for private Bills fliall be received during the Conti- 
i^iance of this Affembly, unlefs the fame be delivered in, together 
with a Draught of the Adl prayed for, within the firll ten Days of 
any future SefTions. 

His Excellency's Speech was read the fecond Time, and committed 
to a Committee of the whole Houfe. 

The Houfe accordingly refolvcd itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Iloufc on his Excellency's Speech, and, after fome Time fpent there- 
in, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. F'ljloer, Chairman of the 
Committee, reported, that the Committee had made fomc Progrefs in 
the Matters to them referred, and defired Leave to fit again ; to which 
the Houfe agreed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe on his Excellency's Speech, and, after 
fome Time ipent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. 
Fifljer, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee 
had gone through the Matters to them referred, and had come to 
the following Refokitions, which he was ready to report, whenever 
the Houfe would pleafe to receive the fame. 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately ; 

Whereupon Mr. Fi/ljcr reported the Refolutions of the Committee, 
as follows. 

1. Refoh'ed, 

That an humble Addrefs be prefented to his Excellency, in an- 
fwer to his Speech : To which the Houfe agreed. 

2. Refolded, 

That the Government of this Colony be honourably fupported, 
from the firfl Day o^ Odober next, to the firfl; Day of October, 1773 : 
To which the Houfe agreed. 

3. Refolved, 

That it is the Opinion of this Committee, a Bounty on railing 
Mulberry Trees, which will expire on the firft Day of Odober next, 
be further continued : And, on the Queflion, Whether the Houfe 
agrees thereto, or not ? It palfed in the Negative, as follows — 

YEAS. YEAS. NAYS. NAYS. 

Mr, Kinfcy, Mr. Eltner, Mr. Wetkerill, Mr. Demarcji, 

Mr. Heivlhigs, Mr. Vtiii Home, Mr. Moores, Mr. Ford, 

Mr. Vcix/i,!, Mr. Pct/i/. Mr. Taylor, Mr. IVhidj, 

Mr. Price, Mr. Laivrencc, Mr. Sykes, 

. , Mr.. Hand, Mr. Carritfe^ Mr. Hinchman, 

Mr. Shepfard, Mr. Fiflotr, Mr. Gibbon, 

■ ' - Mr. Roy, Mr. Holme, 

Mr. Dey, 



[ X J 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fijljer, Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Crane, and Mr. 
Ford, be a Committee to prepare and bring in the Draught of an 
Addrefs to his Excellency, in Anfwer to his Speech. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Pax/on, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Laivrence, Mr. Gibbon, and Mr. 
Price, be a Committee to prepare and bring in the Draught of a Bill 
for Support of Government. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fijher, Mr. Hinchman, Mr. Gibbon, Mr. HeivUngs, Mr. 
Moores and Mr. Pettit, or any three of them, be a Committee to join 
a Committee of the Coancil, to fettle the Eaftern Treafurer's Accounts, 
and burn the Cancelled Money in his Hands, and make report to the 
Houfe. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Dey and Mr. Winds do inform the Council thereof, and 
defire them to appoint a Committee for that Purpofe, together with 
the Time and Place of meeting. 

Mr. Fijher, from the Committee appointed to infpedl the Minutes 
of the former Houfe of Reprefentatives, and report what Bufinefs was 
r-eferred for further Coiifideration, made the following report : 

1. A Petition for Morris Spring Road. 

2. The Landing Bridge Petition. 

3. A Bill for the Relief of the Poor. 

4. A Bill for regulating Roads and Bridges. 

5. The Encouragement of railing raw Silk. 

6. Reuben Riinyoiis Account. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Crane, and Mr. Tucker, be a Committee to bring 
in a Bill for the Settlement and Relief of the Poor. 

Ordered, ' 

That Mr. Hinchman, Mr. Sykes, Mr. Ford, Mr. Gibbon, and Mr. 
Sheppard, be a Committee to bring in a Bill for regulating Roads and 
Bridges. 

Ordered, 

That Mr. Hinchman, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Price, Mr. Holme, 
and Mr. Van Home, or any three of them, be a Committee to adjuft all 
Publick Accounts which may come before the Houfe this Sellion, and 
to meet a Committee of the Council to fettle the Province Lottery 
Accounts ; 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Dey and Mr. Wijjds do inform the Council thereof, and 
defire they will appoint a Committee for that Purpofe, together with the 
Time and Place of meeting. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Saturday, Auguji ,22, 1772. 
The Houfe met. 

The 



[ 12 ] 

The Petition of f'undry Inhabitants of the City and Couiiry of Bur- 
Ungton, praying a Law for a Toll-bridge over Crojpwicks Creek, was 
reatl the fecond Time ; 
Onlcred, 

That the fame be referred to the next SefTion at Burlington. 

The Petition for and againft a Law to ere6t a Bank, Dam, and other 
Water-works, to prevent the Tide from overflowing the Meadows and 
Marlhes on a Branch of Rapapa Creek, in the County of Gloucejler ; 
was read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered^ 

That the fame be referred to the next Seilion at Burlington. 

Mr. Dey reported, that Mr. Winds and himfelf deUvered the MefTages 
with them intrulfed to Stephen Skinner, Efq. one of the Council. 

The Petition for and againfl: a Law to repeal or alter the 8th Sedlion 
of a Law obtained at the laft Seflion for flopping out the Tide from 
overflowing the MarJhes and Meadows on EngliJJjs Creek, in the 
County of Burlington ; was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That the Parties be heard before the Houfe on Friday next, the 28th 
Inftant, at Ten o'Clock in the Forenoon. 

A Petition was prefented by Benjamin Jjers, an infolvent Debtor in 
the Gaol of Cumberland County, praying a Law for his Relief, &c. 
which was read. On the Queftion, ordered a fecond Reading. 

On Motion made by Mr. Fax/on, 
Ordered, 

That he have Leave to bring in a Bill, at the next SefTion of AfTembly, 
for regulating the Tanning of Leather in this Colony. 

The Petition from the Owners and PofTefTors of the Marfh, Meadow 
and Swamps, on a Branch of Allo-ways Creek, in the County of Salem, 
praying a Law to enable the Owners of faid Meadows to keep up and 
maintain the Bank, Dam, and other Water-works in faid Meadows ; 
was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill : 

Whereupon Mr. Gibbon, in Behalf of the Petitioners, brought in a 
Bill, entitled, A Supplementary A&. to an Acl, entitled. An A61, ^c. 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Ten o'Clock. 

Mo N day, Aiigiift 20^, \-j-ji. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of Inhabitants of Middlcfex 
County, fetting forth the Inconveniences of Shops being kept at Mills 
in faid County, and praying a Law to prohibit the fame ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by the Inhabitants of Bridge-water, in the 
County of Somerjet, praying a Law to revive and continue an Adl for 

repairing 



[ ■? ] 

repairing their Roads by Tax, zyc which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

The Petition from the Inhabitants and Merchants of Burlington Coun- 
ty, praying a Law for the better regulating the packing of Beef and 
Pork ; was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered^ 

That Mr. Pax/on, Mr. Heivlings, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Mehelni and Mr. 
Demareji be a Committee to prepare and bring in the Draught of a Bill 
accordingly. 

The Bill, entitled, A Supplementary Adl to an A^, entitled, an A61 to 
enable the Owners and Pojfejfors of the Meadoivs and Sivamps on afmall 
Branch o/"Alloways Creek, m the County o/' Salem, to keep up and 7namtain 
the Dams, Banks, ^c. in /aid Aieadoit's, <^c. was read the fecond Time, 
and committed to Mr, Sheppard and Mr. Hand. 

The Petition from the Grand Inqueft of the County of Burlington, 
praying a Law to prevent the Importation of Convicts into tliis Colony ; 
was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Sykes and Mr. Price be a Committee to prepare 
and bring in a Bill accordingly. 

The Houfe adjom-aed till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Petitioners from Deerfeld and Hopeivell, in the County of Cum- 
berland, praying a Law for bviilding a Bridge over Cohanfey Creek, 
having had Leave to bring in a Bill at this Selhon purfuant to the Pray- 
er of the faid Petitioners ; and it now appearing that Oppofition is in- 
tended to the faid Bill ; and both Parties agreeing in delaying the 
Matter until the next Seffion at Burlington ; 
Ordered, 

That the Parties for and againft the faid Petitions be heard before 
the Houfe at the next Se^Jion at Burlington. 

A Petition was prefented by Cortieltus Neefie of Bergen County, fetting 
forth his bad Circumflances, and praying Leave to make a Lottery for 
his Relief ; which was read, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition lie on the Table. 

A Petition was prefented from fundry Inhabitants of EJfex, Morris, 
and Bergen, praying a Law to enable the Owners of the Meadows and 
low Lands, adjoining the River Pajfaick and its Branches, to remove 
th^ feveral Obftrudlions of the free Pallage and Courfe of faid River ; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by IVillia/n Stelle fetting forth fundry Things 
as Grievances, and praying Relief ; which was read, 
Ordered, 
That the laid Petition do lie on the Table. 

The Houfe, according to Order, refumed the Confideration of the Pe- 
tition againft John Combs, Efq. and the Petitioners negleding to attend, 
the Houfe took the fame into Confideration, and having infpected the 
Laws of the Colony referred to in the Petition ; on the Queftion, 

D Re/ohed, 



14 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly c/" New-Jers£y. 



Rt'folved, Nem. Con. 
That the ftid John Cojnbs^ Efq. is not difquahfied by Law from having 
a Seat in this Houfe ; 
Ordered, 
That he take his Seat accordingly. 

Mr. FiJJjcr, from the Comaiittee appointed to prepare the Draught of 
an Addrels to his Excellency, brought in a Draught accordingly ; which 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Sheppard, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, A 
Supplanentarv Act: to an Acl, etititkd, An Adl to etiable the Onvners and 
PoJJeJfors of the Meadows and Swamps on a fmall Branch of Alloways 
Creek, to keep up and jnalntain the Datn, Bajiks, 8cc. in faid Meadows, 
was committed, reported the fame without Amendment, and the fame 
being read the third Time ; on the Queftion, 
R(folved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Hinchman and Mr. Heivlings do carry the faid Bill to tlie 
Council for Concurrence. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-m6rrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Tiiefday, Augiifl 25, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented by the Inhabitants of Bedminfler, in the 
County of Somerfet, praying a Law to revive and continue the Ad: for 
repairing their Highways by Tax, 6-f. which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

Ordered, ^ 

That Mr. FifJjer, Mr. Mehe/m and Mr. Moores be a Committee to 
prepare and bring in a Bill, to prevent the Exportation of unmerchant- 
able Flour to foreign Markets, <^'C. 

Four Petitions were prefented from a Number of Inhabitants of 
Effcx and Bergen, praying a Law to raife the Sum of £. 1050 by 
Lottery, <;^-c. to cover the Road v^^ith Gravel, leading from Siiffex, Mor- 
ris, Efjex, and Bergen, to New-Tork by way of P aiilus-Hook ; which 
were read, and oixlered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented from the Freeholders and Inhabitants of 
Somerfet County, for Rcafons therein fet forth, praying that a Law 
may not be paifed for building a Bridge over Raritan River at Bound- 
Brook ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Draught of an Addrefs to his Excellency was read the fecond Time, 
and committed to a Committee of the whole Houfe ; the tloufe accord- 
ingly refblved icfelf into a Committee on the Addrels to his Excellency ; 
Whereupon Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fi/Jjer, Chairman 
of the Committee, reported, that tlie Committee had gone through the 
Addrefs to his Excellency, and had made fcveral Amendments thereto, 

which 



nth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq, Governor. 15 



which he. was ready to report whenever the Houfe would pleafe to re- 
ceive the fame ; 
Ordered, 
That the Report be made immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. F'lJJjer reported the Addrefs with feveraj Amend- 
ments, and the fame being read, 
Ordered, 
That the faid Addrefs be engrofled, 

Mr. Hinchman reported, that Mr. Heivlings and himfelf delivered 
the Bill, with them intrufted, to the Speaker in Council. 
The Houfe adjourned till Two, F. M. 
The Houfe met. 

Mr. Fijher, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled. An Acl to pre'vent the Exportation of unmerchantable 
Flour to foreign Markets; which was read, and ordered a fecond Read- 
ing. 

A Petition was prefented from, John George Felthaifen, a Foreigner, 
praying a Law for his Naturahzation ; which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by the feveral Owners of the Meadows 
^nd Marlhes lying on AJJijkunk Creek in the Limits of the City of Bur- 
lington, praying a Law to enable faid Owners to flop out the Tide 
from overflowing the faid Marfhes ; which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Daniel Wainivright, fettlng forth that two 
of the Judges of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas of Mojimouth, 
had difcharged an Infolvent Debtor, contrary to Acl of Aflembly, and 
praying Relief; which was read, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition lie on the Table, and that the Petitioner ap- 
ply to the Courts of Law for Redrefs. 

Mr. Khfey, from tlie Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled. An Acl to prohibit the Importation of Perfons into 
this Colmy, ivho ha'ue been coni>icied of Crimes in the neighbouring 
Governments ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 
A MelTage from the Council by Mr. Skinner. 
Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Stevens, Mr. Stockton, and Mr. Coxe, or any two of them, 
be a Committee to meet a Committee of the Houfe of Affembly, 
to adjuil all publick Accounts which may come before the Houfe this 
Seflion ; and alfo to fettle the Province Lottery Accounts ; and that the 
faid Committees do meet for the Purpofes aforefaid, at the Houfe of 
Elijah Dunham, on Thurfday next, at four o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

By Order of the Hoife, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Ogden, Mr. Stevens, and Mr. Lawrence, or any two of 

them. 



i6 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly 0/ New-Jersey. 



them be a Committee to meet a Committee of the Houfe of Aflem- 
bly, to fettle the Accounts of the Eaftern Treafurer, and burn the 
cancelled Money in his Hands, and make Report thereof to this Houfe; 
and that the faid Committees do meet for the Purpofes aforefaid, at 
the faid Treafurer's Houle on Thurfday next, at Ten o'Clock in the 

Forenoon. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTI T, D. Clerk. 

The Petitions from fundry Inhabitants of EJfex, Morris, and Bergeri, 
praying a Law to enable the Owners of the Meadows and low Lands, 
adjoining the River Pajfaick and its Branches, to remove the Obftrucfti- 
ons of the Courfe of faid River, 6'^. were read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Wediiejday, Aiiguft 26, 1772. 
The Houfe met. 

A Pettltion was prefented by a Number of Inhabitants of the City 
of Burlington, praying that the Fairs in faid City may not be abolifh- 
ed, &c. which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of Freeholders of the County 
of Somerfet praying a Law for an Emiffion of Paper Money, on 
Loan, (6v. which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Kinfey, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled. An Ad for the Settlement and Relief of the Poor ; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Bill, entitled, An A61 to prohibit the Importation ofPerfons into this 
Colony, iv ho have beeii cowvicled of Crimes in the neighbouring Govent- 
ments, was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be committed to Mr. Gibbon and Mr. Mehelm. 

The Bill, entitled, An Ad: to prevent the Exportation of iinyierchantable 
Flour to foreign Markets, was read the fecond Time ; on the Queflion, 
Ordered, 
That the fame be engroffed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Petition of ^ohn George Felthaufen, a Foreigner, praying a Law 
for his Naturalization, was read the lecond Time. 
Ordered, 
That the Petitioner have Leave to bring in a Bill : 
Whereupon Mr. Eifljer, in Behalf of the Petitioner, brought in a Bill, 
entitled, An Ad to naturalize John George Felthaufen ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The 



i2.th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 17 

ir 
The Petition of a Number of Inhabitants of Middle/ex^ praying a Law 
to prohibit Shops being kept at Mills, o'f. was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 
That the faid Petition lie on the Table. 

The Petition from the Owners of Meadows and Marflies on AJJtjhink 
Creek, witliin the Limits of the City of Burlington, praying a Law to 
flop out the Tide from overflowing the fame ; was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

Whereupon Mr, Kinfey, in Behalf of the Petitioners, brought in a 
Bill, entitled, An K&. to enable the O'wners and PoJfeJJors of the Meadoivs 
and Tide Marjh lying on Affifkunk Creek, &c. to jnaintain a Bank, Dam, 
&c. to prevent the Tide frojn overfioiving the fame ; which was read 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Six feveral Petitions for abolifhing the Fairs in the City oi Burlington, 
and one other Petition for continuing them, were read the fecond Time ; 
and, on the Queflion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill for abolifhing the 
Fairs in Burlington. 

A Petition was prefented, by a Number of Inhabitants of Middlefex 
and Somerfet, praying a Law to enable them to complete the Bridge al- 
ready begun at Raritan Landing, acrofs the River, by Tax or otherwife, 
C5T. which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The EngrofTed Addrefs to his Excellency was read an4 compared : 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Heivlings do wait on his Excellency and dc- 
fire to know when he will pleafe to be waited on by the Houfe with 
their Addrefs. 

Mr. Gibbon, from the Committee to whom was referred the Bill, en- 
titled. An Adl to prohibit the Importation of Perfons into this Colony, ivho 
have been conviSled of Crimes, &c. reported the fan^e without any A- 
mendment ; and the fame being read the third Time, on the Que- 
ilion, 

Refolved, 

That the fame do pals. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Paxfon and Mr. Gibbon do carry the fame to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Heivlings and himfelf waited on his 
Excellency with the Meflage of the Houfe to know when he would 
be attended with their Addrefs, who was pleafed to fay the Houfe 
fliould hear from him. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of Inhabitants of Morns- 
Town, in the County of Morris, praying a Law to prevent the deftroy- 

E mg 



iS VOTES, Sec. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey 



ing Deer in faid Townfhip, for the Space of five Years ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Memorial was prefentcd by Charles Pettit, Efq. praying an Al- 
lowance for extraordinary Services done, as Secretary and Clerk of the 
Council ; \vhich was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Meflage from his Excellency, by Mr. Secretary Pettit. 

MR. Speaker, his Excellency is in the Council Chamber, ready to 
receive the Addrefs of the Houfe. 
Whereupon Mr. Speaker left the Chair, and, with the Houfe, w^ent 
to wait upon his Excellency ; and being returned, Mr. Speaker rc- 
fumed the Chair, and reported that the Houfe had waited on his Ex- 
cellency with their Addrefs, in thefe Words, mz. 

To His Excellency WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E//. Captain-General 
and Governor in Chief in and over the Colony of New-Jerfey, and Ter- 
ritories thereon depending in America, Chancellor and Vice-Admiral in 
the fame. 

The Humble ADDRESS of the Representatives of the f^id 
Colony, in General AITembly met. 

May it pleafe your Excellency ^ 

WE, His Majefty's dutiful and loyal Subjedls, the Reprefen- 
tatives of the Colony of Neiu-jerfey, in General Aileinbly 
convened, truly fenfible of the Advantages refulting to the 
Good People of the Colony, by His Majefty's gracious Allowance of 
the Act for enlarging the Number of the Repreientatives, receive your 
Excellency's Congratulations with great Plcafure, and rejoice at this 
frefli Inftance of the King's paternal Regard to us. 

Whenever any Schemes are recommended to the Houfe, the Utility 
of which appears more than adequate to the Charge of an Experiment, 
«nd fuch as the Ability of the Colony will admit of, we hope yoiu- 
Excellency will find the prefent Affembly ever ready to confult the 
true Intereft of the Colony, and to exert themfelves in fupporting every 
falutary Meafure. 

Fully determined to confider tlie general Welfare of the Colony, with- 
out injurious Attachments to any Part, the fatal Sentiment, which 
your Excellency is pleafed to fay hatli too much prevailed in the 
Province, we think will find no Place in our Houfe ; and we liatter 
ourfelves that our future Condudl will evince our Inclinations to be 
correlpondent with our prefent Profeflion. 

As the Acl mentioned by your Excellency to have paffed the Legifla- 
ture for the raifing a Bounty on Flax, Hemp, and Mulberry Trees, 
as far as it regards the two firft, which we conceive to be the moll 
material Objects of our Notice and Encouragement, will not expire 
until the End of the Scflion of Atfembly to be held after Otiohcr next, 
we think it unneceflary at this Time to beftow our Attention on it, 
but muft leave it to the Care of a future Seflion ; and as the Bounty 



12th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. ic, 



on the laft hath been never appHed for, we apprehend no Detri- 
ment will likely enfue to che Colony, by poftponing it at leaft for 
the prefent. Whether the Province is in fuch a Situation as to en- 
large the Number of our Bounties, we have not formed an Opinion, 
but will take the fame into our Deliberation. 

When we coniider the fmall Extent of the Colony, that we are 
behind all others in Trade, and fo deficient in the principal Source 
from whence Opulence is derived — when we confider that almoft every 
Officer here is dependant on the Will and Pleafure of the Crown, 
(tho' the Goodnefs and Regard we have experienced from our prefent 
Mofl Gracious Sovereign, induces us to hope, that fuch Power will 
not be exerted to the Difa-dvantage of the Colony) we cannot agree 
with your Excellency, that the Salaries of the Officers of this Govern- 
ment are greatly inadequate to the Purpofes for which they were given. 
Some we imagine equal to the Dignity of the Station, and others pro- 
portionate to the Intereft we have in them. 

Warmly attached to the auguft Monarch who prefides over us, by 
Affedlion as well as Principle — confcious of the Excellency of the Con- 
ftitution under which we in Part enjoy the Liberty and Privileges of 
Britiji Subjecls, and earneflly folicitous to preferve all unaffected and 
unprejudiced — we truft your Excellency will find us not only cheer- 
fully difpofed to fliew our Gratitude and Loyalty to the one, but alfo 
fully determined to pay a proper Attention and carefully to maintain 
ourfelves in tlie other. 

We heartily rejoice to find your Excellency poflefled of the Impor- 
tance of the Harmony you fo kindly wifli. And as we are fully re- 
folved to take every Method to cultivate a good Underftanding between 
the feveral Branches of the Legiflature, fo we hope we Ihall find each 
ready to concur with us in the Adoption of falutary Meafures, to pre- 
ferve what appears fo necefl'ary to the Welfare of the People we repre- 
ient. And at the fame Time that we fincerely thank your Excellency 
for the Aflurance that we fliall find you ready to exert yourfelf to the 
utmoft in whatever may promote the true Intereft of the Colony, we 
do affure you that you will always find us difpofed to fupport the 
Government with Honour, whilft the Methods naturally to be expect- 
ed from that Inclination, are continued to obtain the Regard and Af- 
fe<ftion of the People. 

House of Assembly,7 By Order of the Hoiifc^ 

^uguji 26xh, ^1^2. S CORTLAND SKINNER, %^/tfr. 

\Sundry of the Members being of the People called Quakers, agree to 
the Subjlance, ivith the ufual Exception to the Stile.] 

To which His Excellency was pleafed to make the following 

ANSWER. 
Gentlemen^ 

I AM glad to find you fo truly fenfible of His Majefty's Good- 
nefs in allowing an additional Number of Reprefentatives. 
If any of the Schemes which I have recommended to your Houfe, 
are- either not adequate to the Charge of an Experiment, or beyond the 

Ability 



20 



VOTES, Sec. of the General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



Ability of the Colony, you are certainly right in rejeding them, I did 
ilatter myicli^, indeed, 'that the Enconrageit^iit of Trade, the making 
of Roads, the erec'ling of Bridges and fuitable publick Buildings, and 
the granting Bounties to promote the raifmg of fundry valuable Kinds 
of Produce, would at lealt be deemed " falutary Mealures" worthy of 
a Trial, .ind Avithin our Power. The only Motive I could have in 
recommending thefe Matters to your Attention, was the publick Good ; 
and if it is not agreeable to you to adopt all or any of them, I have 
only to fay that I am ready to co-operate with you in promoting any 
others which may be thought more likely to anfwer that defirable Purpofe. 
All I wilh is to have the Province roufed, by fome Means or other, 
from that lethargic Stupor which has hitherto benumbed its bed Facul- 
ties, and prevented it from improving thofe Advantages which it has 
received from God and Nature. 

As you acknowledge that you " are behind all others in Trade, and 
" that'Trade is the principal Source from whence Opulence is derived," 
I fhall hope that you will not fail to pay due Attention to that Objed. 

This Colony is by no Means fo much inferior to the adjacent Pro- 
vinces, either in Extent or Opulence, as is the Support allowed to the 
ptiblick Officers of Government, and they hold their Commiffions by 
the fame or the like Tenor in this Province as they do in the others ; 
your Suggeftion therefore that the " Salaries are not inadequate, and 
" that you imagine fome of them equal to the Dignity of the Station, 
" and others proportionate to the Intereft you have in them," needs no 
Comment. It is a notorious Facl that none of them are proportionate 
to the Ability of the Province, and that mofl of them are i'o extremely 
low, that they would be thought a Difgrace to any other Colony on 
the Continent. However, when I mentioned this Subject to you in 
my Speech, it v^'as not fo much with an Expedation of your deviating- 
from the Ex-ample of your PredeceiTors in the AflTembly, as to guard 
againfl any Refledions that might hereafter be cafl on me for not 
having duly apprifed you of the ill Confequences which would pro- 
bably enfue from a Continuance of the like Condudl. 

Your Profellions of Attachment to His Majefty, and your Refolutions 
to cultivate a good Underrtanding between the feveral Branches of the 
Legiflature, are very commendable. 

And as I am convinced that neither my Inclinations nor Endeavours 
to deferve and " obtain the Regard and AfFeclion of the People" will 
ever be wanting, io I ihall rely with Confidence on your kind Aflu- 
rances " that I Ihall always find you difpofed to fupport the Govern- 
♦* ment with Honour" 

Cou.ol-Chamber.? W". FRANKLIN. 

Auguft 26th, 1772. 3 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning, Nine o'Clock. 

Tbuifiiay, 



i2th GAIL WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/^. Governor. 21 



Thiirfday, Aiigufl 27, 1772. 

The Houle met. 

A Petition was prefented by David Baxter^ for Reafons therein fet 
forth, praying a Law to diflblve his Marriage with Margaret ^ac 
Murtrv, which, together with a Certificate of divers Magiflxates, Ma- 
trons and others, were read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented from fundry Inhabitants of Hunterdon, 
praying that they may not be prevented from driving the River Dela- 
nvare with Swabs for catching Fifh ; which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Thornas Reading, fetting forth his Cir- 
cumftances, a-nd praying a Law for his Rehef ; which, together with a 
Petition of fundry of his Neighbours certifying the Truth of the 
Facts fet forth in his Petition, were read ; and a Petition of Ebenezer 
Coivell being alfo read, oppofing a Law being paffed ; on the Queftion, 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Bill, entitled, An Acb to naturalize John George Felthaufen; 
was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 
That the fame be engroiTed. 

The Bill, entitled. An A6t to enable the Oivners and Pojfejors of the 

Meadoivs and Tide MarJJj, lying on AlTifkunk Creek, &c. to ereil and 

maintain a Bank, Da7n, &c. to prevent the Tide from overf owing the 

fame ; was read the fecond Time, and committed to Mr. Paxfon and 

Mr. HeivUngs. 

The Petition of a Number of Inhabitants of EJfex, Soinerfet, and 
Morris, praying a Law to remove a Saw-Mill Dam, and other Ob- 
ftrudlions in Paffaick River ; was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

Mr, Paxfon, purfuant to Leave given the Petitioners, brought in a 
Bill, entitled. An Acfl tofupprefs Fairs in the City of Burlington ; which 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Hovife met. 
The Petition of Thomas Reading for a Law for his Relief; and alfo 
the Petition of Ebenezer Coii'ell againfl the Law ; being read the fecond 
Time, 

Ordered, ^ 

That the Parties be heard before this Houfe on Monday next, at Three 
o'clock in the Afternoon, and that a Copy of tlais Order be ferved on 
the faid Thomas Reading and Ebenezer Coivell. 

F A 



VOTES, &c. of ihe General Assembly /?/" New-Jersey. 



A MelT.ige from his Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Fettit. 
Centlcynaif 

tJAVING received Advice from General Gage, that he daily 
\ expedcd the fecond Battalion of the Royal-American Regiment 
at Isj^w-York, where the firft Battalion is at prelcnt quartered, and that 
as both the Barracks at New- York and Philadelphia were already filled, 
he was under a Neceflity of requefling that Quarters might be provided 
for one of the Battalions in this Province until the Tranfports fliould 
arrive to carry them to the Weft-Indies, I immediately iffued Orders to 
the Barrack-Mafters of Perth- Amboy, Elizabeth-Town and Brunfwick, 
to have their reipeclive Barracks put into proper Order for the Recepti- 
on of the Troops. The Barrack-Mafters, however, have fince rcprefent- 
ed to me that the Barracks are confiderably out of Repair, and that tho' 
they are authorized by Ad of Aflembly to " take Care of them and 
" keep them in necelTary Repair," yet as there is no Fund appropria- 
ted for that particular Purpofe, they cannot do it without advancing 
their own Money, which they do not choofe to do on the Uncertainty 
of having their' Accounts allowed by your Houfe. I muft tliereforc 
requeft you would take this Matter into your immediate Confideration, 
and make a fuitable Provifion as well for the Repair of the Barracks 
as the Supply of the Troops with the Neceflaries ufually furniflied them 
by the Province. 

Council Chamber. 7 ^^„ _ FRANKLIN. 

Augujii'i, 1772. 3 

Which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Paxfon reported, that Mr. Gibbon and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Petition of Daiy'id Baxter, praying a Law to diflblve his Mar- 
riage with Margaret Mac Murtry, was read the fecond Time ; and on 
the Queftion, 

Ordered, 

That the Petitioner have Leave to bring in a Bill on Friday the fourth 
of September next, unlels Caiife fhewn to the contrar5^ 
Ordered a/j'o, 

That Margaret MacMiirtry be ferved with a Copy of this Order, and 
that file attend with her Child, to ihew Caufe if any fhe hath, and 
that JoJ'epb Beavers and Thovias Potts, Elqrs. two of the Subfcribers to 
the Certificate indorfed on the Petition, do alfo on that Day attend. 

Mr. Ford, in Behalf of the Petitioners, brought in a Bill, entitled. 
Ah Aci to enable the Oitmers of the Meadoivs an Pallaick a7id Dead Rh>ers 
to clear the fame, and rentove every Objlrnciion, 8cc. on the f aid Rivers, &c. 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

• Mr. Paxfon, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled. An Aifl to prc-uent Abufcs in the packing of Beef and 
Pork, 8cc. which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Afl to prevent the Exportation of 

nnm ere h ant able 



i2th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 23 



uiimtr chant able Flour tD foreign Markets ; was read and compared ; on 
the Queflion, 

Refolvedy 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker lign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Tticker and Mr. Garritfe do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for Gancurrence, 

A Petition was prefented from the Counties of Burlington, Monmouth^ 
and Hunterdon, againft a Law for eftablifhing a Toll-Bridge over Crojf- 
ivicks Creek, (^c. 
Ordered, 

That the fame be referred to the next SeiTion at Burlington. 

Mr. Pax/on, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled, An Ad to enable the Oivners and Pojfejfors of the Meadozt's and 
Tide-Aiarfh, lying on Affiflcunk Creek, Sec. to ereH and maintam a Bank^ 
&c. to prevent the Tide from overflowing the fame, reported the fame 
without any Amendment ; and the fame being read the tliird Time ; 
on the Queftion, 
Rejolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Sykes do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Houfe adjovimed till To-morrow Morning Nine o'CIock. 

Friday, Aitguft 28, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

His Excellency's MefTage of Yefterday was read the fecond Time, 
and committed to a Committee of the whole Houfe. 

The Houfe accordingly refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on his Excellency's Meflage, and after fome Time fpent therein, 
Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. FifJjer, Chairman of the 
Committee, reported that the Committee had made fome Progrefs in 
the Matters to them referred, and defired Leave to fit again this After- 
noon ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

Mr. Tucker reported, that Mr. Garritfe and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Sykes and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Three Petitions were prefented from the Managers of ^le en s-B ridge 
at Bound-Brook, and divers of the Freeholders and Inhabitants of So- 
merfet and Middlefex, praying a Law to enable them to complete faid 
Bridge ; which were read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A 



24 VOTES, Sec. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



A Petition was prefented by a Number of Freeholders and Inhabi- 
ta.nts of Somcrfet County, for Reafons therein fet forth, praying an 
Emiflion of Paper Money on Loan, e^T. which was read, and ordered 
a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Philip Kearny, Efq. and others, fetting 
forth that they are in Poffeflion of fundry Lots of Land, which was 
formerly Part of the Eftate of /'f'z7/i<3ffz Eier, deceafed, and that a Suit 
has been lately revived by Scire Facias againft them, as Tenants of 
the faid Lots, for a Debt due from the fiiid JVil/iam Eier, deceafed, to 
the Province ; and that the laid Eier left a Perfonal Eftate fufficient to 
I'atisfy faid Debt, <i)'c. and praying a Law for difcontinuing the Suit 
brought againft them ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading, 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe on his Excellency's Meflage of Yeft erday ; 
after fome Time fpent therein Mr. Speaker reiuraed the Chair, and Mr. 
Fip^er, Chairman of the Committee, reported that the Committee had 
gone through the Matters to them referred, and had come to the fol- 
lowing Refblution, which he was ready to report whenever the Houfe 
would pleafe to receive the fame. 
Ordered. 

That the Report be made immediately: , 

AVhcrcupon Mr. Fifljer reported the Refolution of the Committer as 
follows, 

Refolved, 

That his Excellency be authorifed by Law to draw from the Trea- 

fury any Sum not exceeding Three Hundred Pounds, to be applied for 

the Repairs of the Barracks, and the Support of His Majefty's Troops 

to be quartered therein, purfuant to his Excellency's Meflage ; and on 

the Queftion, Whether the Houfe agrees thereto or not ? It pafled in 

the Affirmative, as follows — 

YEAS. 
Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Moorei, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garril/ct 
Mr. FiJJur, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dc:>; 
Mr. Demarrji, 
Mr. Ford, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Kinfey, 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Crane, Mr. Mehebn, and Mr. Winds, be a Committee to pre- 
pare and bring in a Bill to make Provifion for the fluiie, as well as foF 
other incidental Charges. 

' Ordered, 

That Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Tucker, and Mr, Combs, be a Committee to 
prepare and bring in an Anfwer to his Excellency's Meflage. 

Mr. 



YEA S. 


NAYS, 


Mr. Heiv/ings, 


Mr. Wet her ill. 


Mr. Pax Tin, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. Prue, 


Mr. Lawrence, 


Mr. Gibbon, \ 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. Holm:. 


Mr. Hinckniar., 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Sheppard, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Elmer. 


Mr. Mehelvi, 




Mr. Van Hirne, 




Mr. Patit. 





izth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 2^ 



Mr. Garritfe brought in a Bill, entitled, A Supplementary Ad to mi 
ASi, entitled. An Ad to regulate the Fijhery ivithin that Part of the 
Eajiern Di'uifion of this Colojij, from the Mouth of Raritan Ri'uer North- 
ivard ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Richard Stevens, praying, for Reafons 
therein fet forth, a Law for his Relief, z^c which was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by James Tucker of Effex County, praying 
a Law to enable him to difpofe of his Lands by Way of Lottery ; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Petitioners for and againft the Law for flopping out the Tide from 
overflowing the Marjfhes, ^c. on Englijh's Creek having agreed upon 
a Bill, Mr. Paxfon prefented to the Houfe a Bill, entitled, An Ad to 
enable fundry of the Owners of Meadoivs and Tide Marfjj, lying on Eng- 
liili'j Creek, in the County of Burlington, to ereB and maintain a Bank, 
Dam, and other Water-ivorks, acrofs the faid Creek, to prevent the Tide 
from overfiom)ing the fame, and to keep the former Water Courfe ff faid 
Creek open and clear, and make the faid Dam, ivhen ere^ed, a publick 
Landing ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Kinfey brought in the Draught of an Anfwer to his Excellency's 
MefTage, which -was read, and the fame being approved of by the 
Houfe, was ordered to be engroffed. 

The Engroffed Meffagc to his Excellency was read and compared, 
and the fame is as follows. 
Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Crane and Mr. Ford do wait on his Excellency, and 
in Anfwer to his Meffage inform him, that the Houfe having taken 
his Meffage of Yefterday into Confideration, defiring that a Provifion 
Ihould be made for the Repair of the Barracks, and for the Supply of 
the Troops expeded to be quartered in the Province, have come to a 
Refolution that his Excellency fhould be authorized by a Law to draw 
from the Treafury any Sum not exceeding Three Hundred Pounds, to 
be- applied for the Purpofes therein mentioned. 

And that as it is expeded their Stay amongft us will be fhort, the Houfe 
hope the Provifion made will be fufficient for that Purpofe. 

And that the Oeconomy with which the Monies heretofore given 
for this Purpofe, have been managed under his Excellency's Infpedion, 
intitle him to the fulleft Confidence of the Houfe, and merit the thank- 
ful Acknowledgments of the Province ; for this Reafon they humbly 
requefl that his Excellency would be pleafed to take the additional 
Trouble of authorizing fome Perfon to apply the Monies for the 
Purpofes mentioned in his Meffage. 

HousB of Assembly,? By Order of the Houfe, 

Augup z^, i-ni. S JONA, DEARE, C/^r>e. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Saturday, Aiigiift 29, 1772. 
The Houfe met. 

G Mr. 



■26 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly ^/'New-Jersey. 



Mr. Crane reported, that Mr, Ford and himl'elf delivered the Mel- 
fage with them intrulled to his Excellency, who was pleafed to fay the 
Houfe Ihould near from him. 

The Engroifed Bill, entitled. An A6t to naturalize John George Felt- 
haufen ; being read and compared, on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the lame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Tucker and Mr. Roy do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Bill, entitled, A Supplementary Ad: to an A^, entitled. An Acl to 
regulate the Fiflicry, ivithin that Part of the Eajiern Di'uijion of this 
Colony, from the Mouth of Raritan River Northtuard ; v/as read the 
fecond Time, and on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be ■engrolTed. 

The Bill, entitled. An A61 to enable the Oivners of the Meadoivs and 
lo-w Lands on the Rivers Palfaick and Dead River to clear the fame, 
and remove every Obflruciion from the Saiv Mill formerly Samuel Wood- 
ruff'/ deceafed, up the Stream to Eoyle'j Mill, and up Dead River to 
Grant'j Bridge, &c. was read the fecond Time ; and, on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engrofted. ' 

A Petition was prefented by facob Kemper, an Infolvent Debtor, pray- 
ing a Law for his Relief, &:c. which was read, and ordered a iecond 
Reading. 

The Bill, entitled. An A61 to prevent Abufes in the packing <f Beef 
and Pork, 8cc. was read the lecond Time, and committed to Mr. Kin- 
fey, Mr. Sheppard, Mr. Laivrence, and Mr. Ford. 

The Bill, entitled. An Acl to enable fundry of the Owners ami Pof- 
fefjors of Meadoivs and Tide-Marflj, lying on Englilh'.f.C;T^^, &c. to eteft 
and maintain a Bank, Dam, &c. acrofs the faid Creek, &c. was read 
the fecond Time, and, on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the fam.e be engrofted. 

The Bill, entitled. An Acl to fupprefs Fairs in the City o/" Burlington, 
was read the fecond Time ; and, on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the fame be engrofted. 

The Petition of a Number of Inhabitants of Morris-Tonvn, praying 
a Law to prevent the dertroying of Deer in faid Townlhip, for five 
Years, was read the lecond Time. 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

The Petition of James Tucker, praying a Law to difpofe of his Lands 
by Way of Lottery, was read the fecond Time. 

Ordered^ 



i2th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 27 



Ordered^ 
That the faid Petition lie on the Table. 

A Meffage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit^ in the 

following Words, to nvit^ 

Gentlemen, 

I AM much pleafed with your Refolution to fupply the Troops. 
Tho' the Sum you have voted will probably not be fufficient to put 
the Barracks into thorough Repair, and fumifli the ufual NecefTaries, 
yet as it is not intended that the Troops fhall remain here during the 
Winter, I am in Hopes tliat it may, with proper Management, anfwer 
the prefent Purpofe. If it fhould happen, however, to fall Ihort, I fhall 
rely on the Honour of your Hcule to make good any Deficiency which 
cannot be avoided. 

Your Approbation of my Conduct in the Difpofal of the Money 
formerly entrufted to my Care, and the polite Terms in which you have 
expreffed your Acknowledgments on the Occafion, at the fame Time 
that they afford me the liighefl Pleafure, cannot but flimulate me to 
merit this frefli Mark of Confidence from the Reprefentatives of the 
People. It has always been my Sentiment, that tho' it is not good 
Policy to with-hold the publick Money when it is wanted for a public 
Service, yet it Ihould ever be religioufly applied to the Purpofe for 
which it was granted. You may rely. Gentlemen, on the flri(^efl: 
Oeconomy being obfers'ed in the Difpofition of the Sum you have 
now voted, and that I fliall think nothing of the Trouble it may 
occafion me, provided I am fo happy as to find my Management 
ultimately rewarded \^^th your Approbation. 

Aiiguf, 29th, 1772. W". FRANKLIN. 

Which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Tucker reported, that Mr. Roy and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intruded to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Dey had Leave of Abfence till Wednejday next, on very urgent 
Bufinefs. 

Mr. Kinjey^ with Leave, brought in a Bill, entitled. An Act to take 
the Examhmt'ion of a departing Witnefs^ &c. which was read, and or- 
dered a fecond Reading. • 

Mr. Elmer had Leave of Abfence till Tuefday next, on urgent 
Bufinefs. 

The Houfe adjourned till Motday Morning, Nine o'Clock. 

Monday, Au^Li/i 31, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, An Acl to enable the Owners of the 
Meadoius, Stvamps, and loiv Lands^ on the Rivers Paflaick and Dead 
River to clear the fame, &c. being read and compared ; on the 
Queftion, Refolved, 



28 VOTES, &c. of the General Assem8ly o/" New-Jersey. 



YEAS. 


YEAS. 


Mr. Comli, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. WeihtriU, 


Mr. Paxfon, 


Mr. Moore/, 


Mr. Pr/fC, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Lavjrence, 


Mr. Elmer, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Fa;; Home. 


Mr. Ford, 





Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Adl to fupprefs Fairs in the City of 
Burlington, being read and compared ; on the Queftion, Whether the 
iame do pafs ? It was carried in the Affirmative, as follows — 

NAYS. 

Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. He-wlhigs^ 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Pettil. 

Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

The EngrofTed Bill, entitled, A Supplementary A61 to an ASi, entitled. 
An Adl to regulate the Fijhery in that Part of the Ea^ern Di'vifion of this 
Colony, from the Mouth of Raritan River Northivard, being read and 
compared ; on the Queflion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fjwne. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled. An A(fl to enable fundry of the Oivners 
and PoJJeJfors of Meado%vs and Tide-MxirfJj on Engliih'j Creek, &c. to 
ere^ and maintain a Bank, Dam, &c. acrofs faid Creek, to prevent the 
Tide from overfloiving the fanie^ 8cc. being read and compared j on 
the Queftion, 
Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fiffiier and Mr. Paxfon do caiTy the faid Bill's to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. 

The Houfe adjourned till Tlirec, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. FifJjer reported, that Mr. Paxfon and hlmfclf delivered the 
Bills with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Petition of Thomas Reading, fetting forth his Circumftances, 
and praying a Law for his Relief, 6'f. together with a Petition of 
fundry of his Neighbours, certifying the Truth of the Fadls fet forth 
in his Petition j as alfo a Petition of Ebenezer Coivell, one of his 

Creditors, 



i2th G. lU. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 29 



Creditors, oppofing a Law being palled, were r&ad, and the Parties for 
and againft the faid Petition attending according to Order, were called 
in and heard before the Houfe in Support of their feveral Allegations, 
with their Papers and Witneifes ; and after fome Time fpent therein, 
the Parties withdrew, and the Houfe taking the fame into Cqafide- 
ration, 

Ordered, 
Tliat the further Conlideration thereof be referred till To-morrow 
Morning. 

Mr. Hinchman, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, 
brought in a Bill, entitled, An Acl for regulating Roads and Bridges ; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned tijl To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Tucfday, September i, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

The Houfe again according to Order refumed the Confideration of 
the Petitions for and againft a Law for the Relief of Thomas Reading, 
an Infolvent Debtor ; on the Queftion, it was carried in the Negative. 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition lie on the Table. 

The Petition of William Throckmorton, an Infolvent Debtor, was 
read the fecond Time ; and on the Queftion, Whether the Prayer of the 
Petitioner be granted I It pafted in the Negative. 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition lie on the Table. 

The Petition of Benjamin Ayers of the County of Cumberland, an In- 
folvent Debtor, was read the fecond Time ; and on die Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the Petitioner have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

A Petition was prefented by Anne Miirrell, Widow, and Executrix of 
Jofeph Murrell, deceafed, and Henry Knight of Mount- Holly, fetting 
forth that there are feveral Sums of Money due tliem from the Prefby- 
terian Congregation there, for Work done at their Meeting-houfe, which 
they refufe to pay, and praying Relief, i^c. which, together with a 
Letter from the Revd. Mr. Brainard to the Speaker, relative thereto ; 
were read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Bill, entitled, An Acfl for the Settlement ajid Relief of the Poor ; 
was read the fecond Time, and committed to Mr. Crane, Mr. Price, 
Mr. Roy, and Mr. Mehelm. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Lloufe met. 

The Bill, entitled. An Ad for regulating Roads and Bridges ; was 
read the fecond Time, and committed to Mr. Crane, Mr. Tucker, Mr. 
Fi/her, Mr. Winds, and Mr. Vaii Home. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

H Wednefday, 



VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly <9/" Nkw-Jersey. 



IVednefday, September 2, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

A Remonftrance and Memorial of Robert Lawrence, fetting forth 
divers Inconveniences ariling from the irregular Pracftice of the Law, 
:ind Judges of the Inferior Court taxing Bills of Coft ; was read. 

Mr. Paxfon, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill for the Support of Government, to commence the firfl Day of 
October iTT^, and to end the firft Day oi October 1773, 6'c. which 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. ForJ, purfuant to Leave given, brought in a Bill, entitled. An 
A<ft for clearing and removing the /everal Ob/Irucliofis of the fre>e Courfe 
of the Waters in PafTaick River, and the federal Branches thereof be- 
tween the Little Falls infaid River and the Mill Dam acrofs faid River^ 
near Day'j- Bridge, over faid River, and for other Purpofes therein juen- 
tioned ; was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Petition of Anne Murrell, Widow, and Executrix of Jofeph Mur- 
rcl, deceafed, and Henry Knight of Mount-Holly, fetting forth that tTie 
Presbyterian Congregation were indebted to them for Work done at, 
their Meeting-houfe ; which they refufed to pay, (^-r. was read the 
fecond Time. 
Ordered, 

That the fame be referred to the next Seffion at Burlington. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met, and adjourned till To-morrow Morning, Nine 
o'clock. 

Thiirjday, September 3, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

Tlie Bill, entitled, An A.&. for clearing and refnoving the feveral Ob- 
flru^ions of the free Courfe of the Waters in Paflaick River, &c. be- 
tween the Little Falls and Day'j Bridge, was read the fecond Time, 
and committed to Mr. FiJIoer and Mr. Tucker. 

The Petitions from a Number of Inhabitants of Effcx and Bergen, 
praying a Law to raife £. lojo by Lottery, 8cc. to- cover the Road 
with Gravel leading from SuJJex, Morris, Effex, and Bergen, to Pau- 
lus-Hook, was read the fecond Time ; and, on the Queftion, Whether 
the Prayer of the Petitioners be granted ? It was carried in the AiEr- 

N A Y S. 

Mr. Combs, 

Mr. LaiLTcnce, 

Mr. Roy, 

Mr. Paxfon, 

Mr. ^ykcs, 

Mr. H'ntchnaH, 

Mr. Price, 

Rrr. Hand, 

Mr. Sl'el>pard, 

Mr. Elmer. 

Ordered^ 



YEAS. 


YEAS. 


Mr. JVelherill, 


Mr. ninds. 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. Hnvlings, 


Mr. Taslor, 


Mr. Gibbon, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Holme, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. njher. 


Mr. Mchdm, 


Mr. Dey, 


Mr. Van Heme, 


Mr. Demarefl, 


Mr. P^tlit. 


Mr. Ford, ' 





i2th G.III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 31 



Ordered, 
That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

Mr. Laivrence, from the Committee to whom was committed the 
Bill, entitled, An A&. to prevent Abiifes in the packing of Beef and Pork^ 
Sec. reported the fame with Amendments ; and the fame with the 
Amendments in their Places being read, and feveral Amendments be- 
ing made thereto in tlie Houfe ; on the Queftion, Whether the iame. be 
engroffed ? It pafled in the Affirmative. 



YEAS. 


YEAS. 


NAYS. 


Mr. Cojiils, 


Mr. Hinchnan, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. JFctkerill, 


Mr. Prh-e, 


Mr. Lanx-rence, 


Mr. Moore s. 


Mr. Gibbon, 


Mr. Garrilfy, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Holme, 


Mr. /J»y, 


Mr. FiJJ?er, 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Do', 


Mr. F»rd, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Demarefi, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. Shepfard, 


Mr. Mehelm. 


Mr. Heiulirtgt, 


Mr. Elmer, 




Mr. Paxfin, 


Mr. Van Home, 




Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. Pettit. 





Ordered^ 
That the fame be engroffed. 

The Petitions from the Managers of ^teens-Bridge at Bmnd-Brook, 
and fundr)' Inhabitants of Somerfet and Middlefcx, praying a Law to 
enable them to complete faid Bridge ; and alfo the Petition againft it, 
and in Support of the Bridge at Raritan Landing, were read the fecond 
Time ; and, 011 the Queftion, 
Ordered^ 

That the Petitioners in Favour of the Bound-Brook Bridge have Leave 
touring in a Bill. 

The Petition of div^s Inhabitants of Middlefex and Somerfet, for a 
Law to enable them to complete the Bridge already begun at Raritan 
Landing, acrofs the River, by Tax or otherwife. Sec. was read the fe- 
cond Time ; on tlie Queftion, 

Ordered^ 
That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of Inhabitants and Freehol- 
ders of Somerfet, for Reafons therein fet forth, praying a Law for re- 
building and repairing of the Bridges in faid County, by Tax on the 
County ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Four Petitions were prefented by a Number of Weavers and Inhabi- 
tants in die County of Somerftt, for Reafons therein fet forth, pray- 
ing a Law to prohibit Farmers and others keeping Looms in their 
Houfes, and following the Weaving Bufinefs ; which was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Ahner Hetfeld, an Infolvent Debtor, pray- 
ing a Law for his Relief, &c. which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. A 



VOTES, 8cc. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey 



A Petition v.-as preferited by John Leroa, fetting forth his diftrefled Cir- 
cumftances, occaiioned by his being Bail for his Brother Lamhertus 
Leroa, and praying Rehef ; vvJiich was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Petition of Richard Stevens, an Infolvent Debtor, praying a Lavz 
for his Rehef, &:c. was read the fecond Time ; on the Quellion, 
Ofdereil, 

That the Petitioner have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

Mr. Crane, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled. Art Act for the Settlement and Rehef of the Poor, reported the 
fame with feveral Amendments, which were read, and after fome Time 
Ipent therein. 

Ordered, 

That the faid Bill be recommitted. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. « 

Friday y September 4, 1772. 

The Houfe inet. 

The Bill for the Support of Government, was read the fecond Time, 

Ordered, 
That the fame be committed to a Committee of the whole Houfe : 
Whereupon the Houfe refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on the Bill for the Support of Government, and after fome Time 
fpent therein^ Mr. Speaker relumed the Chair, and Mr. FifJjer, Chair- 
man of the Committee, reported, that the Committee had made fome 
Progrefs in the Matters to them re&rred, and deilred Leave to fit agSin. 
To which tlie Houfe agreed. 

Mr. Fifoer, purfuant to Leave given, brought in a Bill, entitled. 
An hCt for the Reilef of Richard Stevens, nvit-b Refpecl to the Imprifon- 
vient of his Perfon ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by fundry Inliabitants of Windfor, in Mid- 
dlefex Covmty, praying a Law to enable the Owners and PolIefTors of 
the Lands on Afftnp'mk-Brcok, to clear faid Brook from the Province 
,Liue to the Land of fohn Ely ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 
Tli€ Houfe met. 

Mr. Cran€, purfuant to Leave given, brought in a Bill, entitled. 
An Act for raifing the Sum of Four Hundred and Fifty Pounds Procla- 
mation Money, on the Inhabitants o/"Somerfet and Middlefex, to be applied 
to the completing the Bridge over Raritan River at the Landmg ; which 
was read, and ordered a lecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Jonathan Bijhop, an Infolvent Debtor, 
praying a Law for his Relief, &c. which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

The 



i2th G.m. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Z/y. Governor. 33 



The Petition of David Baxter, for Reafons therein fet forth, praying 
a Law to dilTolve his Marriage with Margaret Mac Murtry, together 
with a Certificate of divers Magirtrates, Matrons, &c. were read, and 
the faid David Baxter, together with Jofeph Beavers and Thomas PottSy 
Efqrs. two of the Subfcribers to the faid Certificate, attending accord- 
ing to Order, were called in, and Proof being made before the Houfe, 
that the Order of this Houfe had been ferved on the faid Margaret, 
and fhe the faid Margaret not attending, the Houfe proceeded to hear 
the Evidence in Behalf of the Petitioner ; and the faid Jofeplj Beavers 
and Thomas Potts, Efqr's, being examined on Oath before the Houfe, 
and proving that the Child, born of the faid Margaret, is a Mulatto, 
and the Houfe taking the fame into Confideration ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioner have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

The Petition of John Laroe fetting forth his diftrefTed ClrcumftanceS, 
occafioned bv his being Special Bail for his Brother Lambertus Laroe, 
and praying Relief, was read the fecond Time. 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioner, together with Daniel Ifaac Broivne, Efq; do 
attend this Houfe at five o'Clock this Afternoon. 

The Bill, entitled, An Adl for the Relief of Richard Stevens, ivith 
RefpeSi to the Imprifonment of his Perfon, was read the fecond Time. 
Ordered, 

That the fame be committed to Mr. Paxfon, and Mr. Tucker. 

A Petition was prefented by, Jofeph Rue, an Infolvent Debtor, pray- 
ing a Law for liis Relief ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

Mr. Sheppard, purfuant to Leave given, brought in a Bill, entitled. 
An Acl for the Relief of Benjamin Ayers, noiv a Prifoner for Debt in 
the Gaol of the County of Cumberland ; which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

The Petition of Abner Hetfield, an Infolvent Debtor, praying a Law 
for his Relief, 6'^. was read the fecond Time. On the Queftlon, 
Ordered, 

That tlie Petitioner have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next Seffion, 
tinlefs Caufe fhewn to the contrary, and that he publifh a Copy of this 
Order in the Publlck News-Papers, fix Weeks before the next Seffion. 

AMeflage from the Council, by Mr. Lawrence, informing the Houfe, 
That the Council have pafled the Bill entitled An Ad to fup- 
prefs fairs, in the C/>y 0/" Burlington, with the Amendmeants made there- 
to, and defire the Concurrence of this Houfe with the faid Amendments ; 
alfo, that tlie Council have pafled the Bill, entitled An Ad to natura- 
lize John George Felthaufen, and the Bill, entitled. An Ad to e7iable 
fundry of the Owners and Pojfejors of Meadows and Tide-Marflo lying 
on Englllh'j Creek, in the County 0/" Burlington, to ered and maintain a 
Bank, Dam, and other Water-works, &c. without any Amendments. 

The Bill, entitled, An Ad to fupprefs Fairs in the City o/" Burlington, 

I was 



34 VOTES, Sec. of the General Assembly (/New-Jersey. 



was read with the Council's Amendments in their Places ; on the 
Queftion, 

Ordered, 
That the faid Bill be re-engrofled, with the Council's Amendments 

thereto, 

Mr. Fi/hcr, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 

entitled, An A&for clearing and remoi'ing the fever al Ohflruclions of the 

free Courfe of the Waters in Pallaick River ^ 8cc. betrveen the Little Falls 

and Day'j Bridge, reported the fame with feveral Amendments, which, 

with the Amendments, being read. 

Ordered, 

That the laid Bill be re-committed. 

John Laroe and Daniel Ifaac Brown, Efq; attending the Houfe ac- 
cording to Order, were called in, and the faid John Laroe defiring 
Time to prepare for a Hearing in Support of his Petition, 
Ordered, 

That the Parties, with their feveral Evidences and Proofs, attend this 
Houfe on Wednefday next, at three of the Clock in the Afternoon. 
The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning, Nine o'Clock. 

Saturday, September 5, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

The re-engrofled Bill, with the Council's Amendments, entitled, An 
A61 to prevent the holding of Fairs in the Province of New-Jerfey, was 
read and compared. 
Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Ford and Mr. Gibbon do carry the faid Bill to the Council. 

Mr. Paxfon, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled, An A61 for the Relief of PJchard Stevens, ivith RcfpeB to the 
Imprifonment of his Perfon, reported th-e fame with feveral Amendments 
thereto ; and the faid Bill was read, and the Amendments in their Pla- 
ces ; on the Queftion, Whether the faid Bill as amended be engrofled 
or not ? It was caiTied in the Affirmative. 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill as amended be engroffed. 

Mr. Kinfey, with Leave, brought in a Bill, entitled, An Acl for re- 
turning of able and fiifficient Jurors, and for the better regulating of Juries ; 
alfo a Bill, entitled. An Adt for ?)iaking Procefs in Courts of Equity effec- 
tual agaiii/l Mortgagers vuho abfcond, &c. which were read, and order- 
ed a lecond Reading. 

Mr. Dey, purfaant to Leave given, brought in a Bill, entitled. An 
A(5l to enable Col. John Schuyler, to ere^ and drava a Lottery for raifing 

the 



izth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efj. Governor. 



03 



the Sum cf £. 1050 to be applied for the Purpofes therein mentioned ; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of Inhabitants of Bridgeivater 
in Sonierfet, againft the paiTing a Law to repair their Roads by Tax, 8cc. 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Ford reported, that Mr. Gibbon and himfelf deUvered the Bill with 
them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Winds had Leave of Abfence till Mojiday Night, on urgent 
Bufinefs. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning, Nine o'Clock. 

]\^lo>2day, September 7, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Adl for the Relief of Richard 
Stevens, zuith Refpeit to the hnprfonment of his Perfon ; was read and 
compared ; and, on the Queftion, 
Refcl'ued^ 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Mehehn do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. 

The Bill, entitled. An Act for the Relief of Benjamin Ayers, &c. 
was read the fecond Time, and committed to Mr. Kinfey and Mr. 
Elmer. 

The Petition of Jofeph Rue, an Infolvent Debtor, praying a Law for 
his Relief, was read the fecond Time -y on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the Petition lie on the Table. 

The Petition of Philip Kearny, Efq. and otliers, for Reafons therein 
fet forth, praying a Law to difcontinue a Suit revived againft them 
by Scire Facias, as Ter-tenants of fundry Lotts formerly William Eiers. 
deceafed ; was read the fecond Time j on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petition lie on the Table. 

Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Mehehn and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted, to the Speaker in Council. 

The Petition from the Inhabitants of Bedminfer in Somerfet, praying 
a Law to continue a Law for repairing their Roads by Tax, ^c. was 
read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

The Petition of ftmdry of the Inhabitants oi Bridgeivater in Somerfet ^ 
praying a Law to revive and continue tlie Law for repairing their Roads 

by 



36 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly 0/ New-Jersey. 



by Tax, &c. alfo the Petition againft it, were read the fecond 
Time, 

Ordered, 

Tliat the faid Petitions be referred to the Committee on the Road- 
Bill. 

The Petition of fundry Inhabitants of Hunterdon, praying that they 
may not be prevented from driving the River Delaivare with Swabs 
for catching Filh, was read the fecond Timei 
Ordered^ 

That the fame be referred to the next Seffion. 

The Petition of Jai:ob Kemper, an Infolvent Debtor, praying a Law 
for his Relief, &c. was read the fecond Time. On the Queflion, 
Ordered, 

That he have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next Se/Tion, unlefs 
Caufe fhewn to the contrary, and that the Petitioner publifh a Copy 
of this Order in the publick News-Papers fix Weeks before the next 
SefTion. 

The Petition, from a Number of Inhabitants of Somerjet, praying a 
Law for rebuilding and repairing of the Bridges in faid County, by 
a Tax on the County, was read the fecond Time. 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition be referred to the Committee on the Road 
Bill. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. i\f. 
The Houfe met. 

Eio-ht feveral Petitions were prefented, from the Counties of M'lddle- 
fex, Somerjet, Bergen, Monmouth, EJJex, and the City of Perth-Amboy, 
praying a Law to regulate the practice of Phyfic and Surgery ; which 
were read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Committee, to whom was re-committed the Bill for the Settle- 
meant and Relief of the Poor, reported the fame with feveral Amend- 
ment's, which were read, and after fome Time fpent therein, on the 
Queftion, 

Ordered, 

That Mr. Kinfey, Mr. HewUngs, Mr. Pax/on, Mr. Sykei, Mr. ITinch- 
vian, and Mr. Price, be a Committee to prepare and bring in a Bill 
for the Relief of the Poor, at the next SelTion of Aflembly. 

A Petition was prefented from a Number of Inhabitants of Somerj- 
et and Morris (for Reafons therein fet forth) praying that a Law may 
not pafs for regulating the practice of Phyfic, but that the pracftice 
thereof may continue as ufual ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Bill, entitled, Jn Adl to enable Colonel John Schuyler to ereH 
and draiv a Lottery for raifing £. 1050, Jor the Purpojes therein mention- 
ed, was read the fecond Time, and committed to Mr. Dey, Mr. 
Demareji, Mr. Crane, aiid Mr. Garritje. 

The 



nth G.m. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 37 



The Bill, entitled. An Acl for taking the Examination of a departing 
Witnefs, &c. was read the fecond Time, and comniitted to Mr. Fijher 
and Mr. Price. 

The Bill, entitled, An MS. for returning able and fufficient Jurors, and 
for the better regulating of Juries, was read the fecond Time, and com- 
mitted to Mr. M^ethertll and Mr. Paxfon. 

The Bill, entitled. An AS: for making Procefs in Courts of Equity effec- 
tual againji Mortgagers ivho abfcond and cannot be ferved thereivith, or 
ivho refiife to appear ; was read the fecond Time, and committed to 
Mr. Tucker and Mr. Hinchman. 

The Petition of a Number of Weavers and Inhabitants of the Coun- 
ty of Somerfet, praying a Law to prevent Farmers and others keeping 
Looms in their Houfes and following the Weaving Bulinefs, were read 
the fecond Time ; on the Queflion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next Sefllon, 
unlefs Caufe fliewn to the contrary, 

Mr. Kinfey, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled. An Adl for the Relief of Benjamin Ayers, &c. reported the 
fame, with feveral Amendments thereto ; and the faid Bill was read, 
with the Amendments in their Places, 
Ordered, 

That the fame as amended be engrofled. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning, Nine o'Clock, 

Tuefday, September 8, J 772. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr, Tucker, in Behalf of the Petitioner, brought in a Bill, entitled. 
An Adl to diffol'ue the Marriage of David Baxter, of the County of Hun- 
terdon, luith Margaret his Wife, (late Margaret Mac Murtry) ; which 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Hinchman, from tlae Committee to whom was committed the 
Bill, entitled, An Act for making Procefs in Courts of Equity effeBual 
againji Mortgagers ivho abfcond, &c. reported the faine with feveral 
Amendments ; which with the Amendments in their Places were read, 
and feveral Amendments being made th,ereto in the Houfe ; on the 
Queftion, 

Ordered^ 

That the fame as amended be engrofled. 

Mr. Wetherill, from the Committee to whom was committed the 
Bill, entitled. An A&.for returtiitig able and fufficient Juries, &c, report- 
ed the fame with Amendments ; which, with the Amendments, were 
read. 

Ordered, 

That the fame be re-committed. 

K A 



38 VOTES, 8cc. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



A Message from His Excellency, by Mr. Deputy-Secretary Pettity 

in the Words following 

Gentlemen, 

AT the lafl; SefTion I informed the AfTembly, that there was an 
Officer and fome fick Men, belonging to the Regiment which 
had lately been quartered in this Province, left behind at Elizabeth 
Town, where they were to continue till they were enabled to join their 
Regiment. They remained there from the s^^ of November to the ^^ 
of March laft, during which Time Colonel Robertfon, Barrack-Mafter 
General, furniihed them with the Neceffaries which ought to have 
been provided by the Province, The Money he has paid for this 
Purpofe amounts to Seventy-two Pounds two Shillings and feven Pence 
Half-penny New-York Cvirrency, as appears by his Account, which I 
now lay before your Houfe, not doubting but you will think with 
me that the Colonel ought to be repaid by the Colony the Sum he has 
advanced. 

When the Colonel's Account of Barrack Expences from the 1^^^ of 
March to the 4^'^ of November 177 i, was laid before the laft AlTembly, 
they refufed to allow his Charge for Barrack Mailer and Wood Iffuers, 
as being unreafonable. He has fince alFured me that he charged no 
more than what he adlualiy paid for thofe Services, and that rather 
than reprefent this Matter to the Auditors of the Exchequer, and 
thereby leilen the Merit the Province ought to have in the Minds of 
His Majefty's Miniflers, he is willing, tho' it will be to his Lofs, to 
receive only the fame Allowance as was given for the like Time to 
the Provincial Barrack Mafter. This Propofal is fo extreamly reafonable, 
that I think it will not be for the Honour of the Province if it is refufed, 
efpecially as the whole Sum in Difpute is but Sixty-eight Pounds eigh- 
teen Shillings and ten Pence New- York Currency. 

September 8, 1772. W". F R A N K L I N. 

Which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Fi/fjer, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled, An A61 for taking the Examination of a departing Wttncfs, re- 
ported the lame with Amendments ; which, with the Amendments in 
tlieir Places, wer^ read ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engrofled. 

A Message from the Council, by Mr. Parker. 
Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Parker do carry to the Houfe of Aflembly the Bill, en- 
titled. An Atl to prohibit the Importation of Ferfons into this Colony, 
convicted of Crimes, 8cc. with the Amendments thereto annexed •; Alfo 
the Bill, entitled, An Acfl to enable the Oivners of the Meadoivs, Sivamps^ 
and lo-du Lands, on the Rivers PalFaick and Dead Ri%>er, to clear the fame, 
&c. with the Amendments thereto annexed ; and defii-e their Concur- 
rence with the faid Amendments. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 



izth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 39 



The Bill, entitled, An Adl to prohibit the Importation of Perfons into 
this Colony, convided of Crimes, &c. was read, with the. Council's A- 
mendments, in their Places ; and, on the Queflion, the Houfe agrees 
with the Council's Amendments. 

Ordered, 

That the faid Bill, with the Council's Amendments thereto be re- 
engroffed. ' 

The Bill, entitled. An Ad to enable the Oivners of the Meadoivs^ 
Siuamps, and lotv Lands on the Rivers PafTaick and Dead River, to clear 
the fame, &c. was read, with the Council's Amendments in their Pla- 
ces ; on the Queftion, the Houfe agree to the Council's Amendments. 
Ordered, 
That the faid Bill, with the Council's Amendments, be re-engrofled. 
The Engroffed Bill, entitled. An Acl for the Relief of Benjamin 
Ayers, &c. was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

rdered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Tucker and Mr. Sheppard do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

Tlie Engroffed Bill, entitled. An Ad to prevent Abufes in the pack- 
ing of Bcjj and Pork, 8cc. was read and compared ; on the Queftion 

Refolved, ^ ' 

That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That die Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 

That Mr. He-adings and Mr. Elmer do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

Mr. Tucker reported, that Mr. Sheppard and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted, to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. He-wlings reported, that Mr. Elmer and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted, to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

Mr. Fiper, purfuant to Leave given, brought in a Bill, entitled, A 
Supplementary Act to an Acl, entitled, An Acl to impoiver certain Per- 
fons therein named, to raife a Sum of Money by Subfcnption, or by Taxa- 
tion, to rebuild and keep in Repair the Bridge over Raritan River, at 
Bound-Brook, knoivn by ^^f A'izff/f o/" Queen's-Bridge j wliich was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr Ford, purfuant to Leave given, brought in a Bill, entitled. An 
Aft for the Prefervation of Deer, in the Tovunfloip of Morris ; which 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Bill, entitled. An Ad for raftng the Sum off. 450, Proclamation 
M'j'iev, on the Inhabitants of Somerfet and Middlefex, for completing the 
Bridge over Raritan River, at the Landing, was read the fecond Time, 
and committed to Mr. A'/m/^' and Mr. M^Mw. Mr. 



40 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Mr. F'iJ})er, from the 
furer's Accounts, made 
Whether the fame fhall 
tive, as follows. 

YEAS. 
Mr, Crane, 
Mr. Carritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. DeniareJ), 
Mr. Ford, 
Mr. IVinds, 
Mr. Kinfry, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Paxfon, 



Committee appointed to fettle the Eaftem Trea- 

the following Report ; and, on the Queftion, 

be received, or not ? It pafTed in the Affirma- 



YE AS. 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Skeppard, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Van Home, 
Mr. ptttit. 



NAYS. 
Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moore s, 
Mr. ra)/<7r, 
Mr. Laivrence, 
Mr. Z)f>', 
Mr. 5)i«, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehetm. 



Ordered, 
That the Report be entered j and the fame is as follows, 'u'lz. 



Dr. 



Stephen Skinner, his Account Current, with- 



To 



1770. 

Dec. 14 

1772. 
7fl». 8. To 



To Balance of Account, fettled by the Committee, OHohtr 22, 
1770, including the Sum of /. 6570 : 9: 4, ftolen 

from the Treafury, 21ft July, 1768, — £. 10,072 

Ca(h received of Jokn Arrifon, by the 
Hands of Cortland Skinner, — £. 



Caih received of John Arrifon, by Cort- 
land Skinner, 

Cafh received of John Stevens, on Ac- 
count of Rations for the Provincials, — 



To Ca(h received of Gabriel Ogden, in Part of 
Jokn Ogdtni Debt, 



49 : 7 : O 

60 : o : o 

219: I 13 

160 : o : o 



488 : 8:3 



/. 10,560 : 18 : I: 



iV. B. The Treafarer, befides the above Balance, has, in his Hands, Bonds and 
Mortgages to the Amount of /• 4359 : H • " *> which, with the Intetell 
due thereon, are outftanding Debts, on Account of the parliamentary 
Donation. 



Dr. 

1770. 

Oaober 2 2. 



Stephen Skinner Account- 



To Balance of Account fettled this Day, 
To Caih received of the County of Middle- 

fex Deficiency of 1769, — 

To ditto received of Monmouth Deficiency 

of 1769, — 



/•4i9= 5 = 7 



29; 



To the Sinking Fund Tax, direded to be raifed in the 
Year 1770, viz. ■ Bergen, — £. 830 : 10 : o 

Effcx, 928 : 14 : o 

Middle/ex, — 1090 : 8:0 
Monmouth, — 1336 : 8 : o 

Somerfet, 1 1 30 : 2:0 

Morris, — 904 : 5:0 



To the Sinking Fund Tax, direfled to be raifed in the 
Year 1771, viz. ^— Bergen, — £. 830 : 10 : O 

EJfex, 928 : 14 : o 

Middle fex, — 1090 : 8:0 

Monmouth, — 1 336 : 8:0 

. Somerfet, — 1130: 2 : O 

AJorrii, 904 : 5:0 



/• 3644 : 16: II 



716 : 15 



6220: 



6^20 : 



[. 16,802 : 6 : JO 



ia/£? G. in. WILLIAiM FRANKLIN, £/y. Governor. 41 



the Province of Neiv-Jerfey^ 

By Amount of fundry Vouchers produced, Indorfed, and allowed, 
on Account of Support of Govemment, and War Fund, — 
Balance due the Province, •■ — 



Cr. 



3848 -.19: 

6711 ; 18 : 



8J 



/. 10,560 : 18 : I ; 



Perth- Amioy, September 7, 1772. 

By Order of the Committees. 

JOHN STEVENS, 
HE ND RIG K FISHER. 



Sinking Fund, — — 

By current Bills of Credit, cancelled by the Juftices and Free- 
holders of Middle/ex, as per their Certificate in May, 1 771, 
in full of the Tax 1769, and burned by the Committees ; — 

By current Bills of Credit, cancelled by the Juftices and Free- 
holders, as per their Certificate in 1772, in Part of the 
Tax for 1770, and burned by the Committees; — — 

By fundry Deficiencies of Taxes not 

paid in, viz. — Somerfet, — £. 



— Q-. 



£■ 43^1 : 13 



Middle/ex, — 
Monmouth, — 



Balance, 



'3 



654 : 16 

243 : 17 



s 

o 
8 




3479 



977: 7= I 
7,984 =3=3 



£. 16,802 : 6 : 10 
Errors excepted. 

By Order of the Committees. 

JOHN STEVENS, 
L H E ND RICK FISHER. 



42 VOTES, &c. o/"//:?^- General Assembly o/"Nevv-J£Rsev. 



The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

JVedneJday, September p, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of Inhabitants of the Town- 
jQiip of Whulfo)\ in the County of Middkfex, praying a Law to prevent 
the holding of Fairs at Princeton in faid Townfhip ; was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Wetherill, from the Committee to whom was committed the 
Bill, entitled, An h€t for returning able andfufficient Jurors, &c. report- 
ed the fame with Amendments, which were read, and feveral Amend- 
ments being made thereto in the Houfe 5 on the Queflion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engrofled. 

The EngrolTed Bill, entitled, An h€t to take the Examination of a 
departing IVitnefs ; was read and compared, and on the Queflion, 
Refol'ued, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

The Engrolled Bill, entitled. An Adl for making Procefs in Courts of 
Equity, more effe5iual againfl Mortgagors, 8<:c. was read and compared; 
on the Queftion, 
Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Holme do carry the faid Bills to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. 

Mr. Kinfey, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled, An Acfl for rafing the Sum ofVonv Hundred and Fifty Pounds 
Proclatnation Money, on the Inhabitants of Somerfet and Middlefex, for 
completing the Bridge over Raritan River at the Landing ; reported the 
fame with Amendments, and feveral Amendments being made thereto 
in the Houfe ; on the Queflion, Whether the fame be engrolTed or not ? 
It palfed as follows 



YEAS. 


YEAS. 


NAYS. 


Mr. Laivrence, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. Comhs, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. Carritfe, 


Mr. Gibbon, 


Mr. Moares, 


Mr. FiJIyer, 


Mr. Hcltiie, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. R»y, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Paxfon, 


Mr. Dty, 


Mr. Mehdyi, 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. DemareJ}, 


Mr. Van Hor?!(, 


^Tr. Hincl:?>ian, 


Mr. F»rd, 


Mr. Pettil. 


Mr. Hand, 



Ordered, 
That the faid Bill be engrolTed. 

Mr. 



izth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 43 



_Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Holme and himfelf delivered the Bills 
with them intrufted, to the Speaker in Council. 

A MelTage from the Council by Mr. Stockton. 
Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Stockton do carry to the Houfe of AfTembly, the Bill, 
entitled, An AS. to prevent the Exportation of unmerchantable Flour 
to foreign Markets, with the Amendments thereto annexed ; and the Bill, 
entitled, An A61 to enable the Owners and Poffejfrs of Meadoivs and 
Tide-Marflj, lying on Affiflcunk Creek, -within the Limits of the City of 
Burlington, to ereSi and maintain a Bafik, Dam, and other Water-ivorks 
acrofs thefaid Creek, in Order to prevent the Tide from overfiovoing the 
fame, with the Amendments thereto annexed, and deflre the Concur- 
rence of the Houfe of Aflembly in the faid Amendments. 
Ordered alfo. 
That Mr, Stockton do acquaint the Houfe of Affembly, that this 
Houfe has pafled the Bill, entitled, A Supplementary Ad to an A£l, En- 
titled, An Acl to enable the Owners and Poffejfors of the Meadows and 
Swamps lying on a fmall Branch o/^Alloway'j- Creek in the County o/" Salem, 
&c. and the Bill, entitled, An Ad for the Relief of Richard 'Stevens' 
with Refpeci to the Imprifonment of his Perfon ; without any Amend- 
ments. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT. D. Clerk. 
The Bill, entitled, An Ad to enable the Owners and Pojfejfors of Mea- 
dows atid Tide Marfh on Afllikunk Creek, Sac. to ere^ and maintain a 
Bank, Dam, &c. was read with the Council's Amendments in their 
Places ; on the Queftion, the Houfe agree to faid Amendments. 
Ordered, 
That the faid Bill with the Council's Amendments be re-engrofled. 
The Bill, entitled, An Acl to prevent the Exportation of unmerchant- 
able Flour to foreign Markets ; was read, with the Coimcil's Amendments 
in their Places ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Mehelm and Mr. Taylor do carry back the faid Bill to the 
Council and inform them, that the Houle agrees to all the Amend- 
ments made by the Comicil, except the Amendment in the fourteenth 
Line of the fourth Sedion, as to which the Houfe difagrees, and 
therein adhere to the Bill. 

The Re-engroffed Bill with the Council's Amendments, entitled, An 
Aa to enable the Proprietors and Poffeffors of the Meadows, Swamps and 
low Lands on the Rivers Paflaick and Dead River, to clear the fame ; 
was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Ford and Mr. Roy do carry the faid Bill to the Council for 
Concurrence. Mr. 



44 VOTES, &c. cf the General Assembly o/' New-Jersey, 

Mr. Ford reported, that Mr. Roy and himielf delivered the Bill with 
them intruded, to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till Tliree, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Re-engrofled Bill with the Council's Amendments, entitled. Ax 
Acl to prevent the Importation of Ferfons into this Colony, from any of the 
neighhourijig Governments, ivho have been convi^ed of Felony ; was read 
and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Hinchman and Mr. Sykes do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council. 

Mr. Mehelm reported, that Mr. Taylor and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

A Petition prefented to the laft Seffion of AlTembly and referred, was 
prefented to the Houfe by a Number of Inhabitants of Pequanick, 
Hanover, Morris, Mendom, and Roxbnry, in Morris County, praying 
that a four Rod Road leading from the Bridge over Rockaivay River, 
near John Heimnans, fen. may be fupported and repaired by a Tax on 
the County ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

On Motion made by Mr. Fifher, and Leave given, he brought in a 
Bill, entitled, An Adl to enable all Perfons ivho are His Majejiys liege 
Sicbje^s, to hold Lands or Tenements, notitnthjlanding fuch Purchafer 
•were Perfons not naturalized ; which Bill was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

John Laroe and Daniel Ifaac Broivn, Efq. attending the Houfe, 
according to Order, and Ifaac Bogart, one of the Perfons charged ia 
the Petition of the faid John Laroe prefented to the Houfe, alfo attend- 
ing, were called in ; whereupon the Petition of the faid John Laroe 
was read, and Mr. Boudinot, of Council for John Laroe, informing 
the Houfe that from his Examination of the Matters charged in the 
Petition, and Evidence relied on by Laroe, that he is of Opinion that 
the Cafe of the faid John Laroe will be proper for a Determination in a 
Court of Equity. 

RcJ'olved, Nem. Con. 

That the Petition lie on the Table. 

A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Read. 
Ordered, 
'TpHAT Mr. Read do carry to the Houfe of Aflembly tlie Bill, enti- 
-'■ tied, An Act to prevent the Exportation ff unmerchantable Flour to 
foreign Markets ; and acquaint them that this Eloufe do recede from 
their Amendment objocled to by the Houfe of Affemby. 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 
Ordered, 
That the faid Bill be re-engrolTed with the Council's Amendments 
as agreed to by this Houfe. 

Two 



i2th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Ejq. Governor. 4^ 



Two Petitions were prefented from the County of Morm, praying 
a Law for an Emiffion of Paper Money on Loan, ^^c. which were read 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Hinchman reported, that Mr. Sykes and himfelf deHvered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council, 

A Message from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pet tit. 

Gentlemen, 
RIGHT Knowledge of the Number of Inhabitants, Dvvellino- 



A 



Houfes, Births and Burials of a Countiy, is a Matter evidently 
of great Importance to the publick Welfare, and is pecuHarly neceilary 
and proper to thofe who are Members of the Legiflature. I have taken 
fome Pains during my Refidence in this Colony to obtain this ufeful 
Piece of Knowledge, but the mofl intelligent Perfons I could meet with 
were as ignorant in this Refpedl as myfelf. On my mentioning this 
Matter to his Majefty's Council, and confulting them on the Expediency 
of having the Numbers taken, they advifed the having a Number of 
blank Lifts proper for the Purpofc printed and fent to every Sheriff 
with Diredions to diftribute them to the feveral AffelFors in each Coun- 
ty and requell them to make the neceffary Inquiries within their 
refpeclive Diflricls, as pointed out at the Head of the Lift, and make 
Return thereof to the Sheriff as foon as they conveniently could. This 
it was not doubted the Afleffors would be fo obliging as to do, as it 
would occafion them but little additional Trouble, the Duty of their 
Office already requiring them to take an Account of the feveral Fami- 
lies in their refpedlive Diftricls. As yet I have received onlyone Return 
which is from Mr. Skelton the Affeffor of Wind/or in the County of 
Middle/ex ; and as it appears to be \cvj accurately taken, I now lay it 
before your Houfe for your Information, and that you may have an 
Opportunity of judging of the Expediency and Utility of Accounts of 
this Nature. Whether I Ihall have it in my Power to make many more 
Communications of this Kind is at prefent very vmcertain, as I am 
credibly informed, that fome of the AiFeffors object to complying with 
the Requeft which has been made to them becaufe it is not required of 
them by Law ; others becaufe of an abfurd fuperftitious Notion which 
has long prevailed ampngft the Vulgar, that numbering of the People 
is finful, and will be attended with fatal Confequences to the Country ; 
and others, becaufe they fufpedl the Miniflry have direded the Meafure 
in order to anfwer fome particular purpofe of theirs ; for which Sufpi- 
cion I can affure you. Gentlemen, there is not the leaf! Foundation, it 
not being even known to the Miniftry that any fuch Thing is in Agita- 
tion : But the Refufal of the largeft Number is founded, I am told, on 
their Unwillingnefs to take any additional Trouble where they are not 
to have an additional Allowance. — This, however. Gentlemen is no 
new Scheme. The Numbers of People have been twice before taken in 
this Colony, tho' not in fo compleat a Manner as is now propofed, and 
they have lately been taken in New- York, without any Difficulty, and 

M none 



46 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



none of the evil Confequences dreaded by fuperflitious People, have 
ever enfued cither to this oi- that Colony. 

I hope this Matter will appear to you in the Light it's Importance 
defcrvcs, and that you will ufe your Influence in you refpeclive Coun- 
ties to promote the Completion of it ; or otherwife give fuch Encourage- 
ment to the Defign as may iniure its Succefs. 

Sept. 9, 1772. W". FRANKLIN. 

Which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Hlnchman from the Committee on publick Accounts, made the 
following Report 



The Province of Nevu-Jerfey, to John Stenjens, on Account of— — 
allowed for the Provincials, from the Time of their Inlift 

Dr. 

1764. 

JSov. 3. To a Bill of Exchange remitted to Jaiiies Napier, Efq. 
for Work done to Avibcy and Elizabeth-To<wn Bar- 
racks, /• 242 : 13 : 5 

To ditto, for an Account of Stoppages for the Jerfey 
Provincials, /. 6 : 18:9 Sterling, at i^f% the 
Dollar, is 11 : 17 : 11 

Mar. 9. To Cafh paid Major Mac Donald his Rations and forae 

of his Officers, /cr Account and Receipt, 21 : 18 : 4 

Ne'w-York Cuirency, — /■ 276 : f : 8 

Proc. 

Is £. 255 : 4: 4. 

To Cafh paid Nathan Woodruff, Exprefs with feme of the Mufter-Rolls, i : 1:0 

To ditto paid Mr. Blanchard, per Receipt, 5 : o : O 

To ditto paid Gerard Bancker, for two Copies of the Mufter-Rolls, i;c. 3 : 0:0 
19. To ditto paid into the Eaftern Treafury, per Receipt; — Nenu-Tori 

Currency, £. 1000 : 16 : 8, 923 : 16 : II 

To ditto paid Capt. Datton, and fundry other Officers, in full of their 
Rations for the Years 1761, 1762, and 1764, per Receipts ; Neiu- 
York Currency, ^.15:17:4, is 14 : 15 : o 

Apr. 24. To ditto paid Da-jid lViHia7nfon, for furveying High Roads, per Aft 

of A/iembly, as per Receipt, I : 5 : o 

To Cafli paid S/t-Zi/v/; Skinner, Efq. Treafurer, —— 219: I : 5 

To ditto paid Col. Mac Donald, and fundry other Officers, for 1561 Ra- 
tions (as per the Mufter-Rolls) at :^d. Sterling ^. 26 : o : 4, at 4y"8 
the Dollar, is NewTork Cuirency j|f. 44 : 12:0 —— 41 : 3 : 5 



'+64 ■ 
To a ComniifTion of 5 per Cent, for my Time and Trouble in folicit- 
ing the Payment of the Rations for the Provincials, — collefting 
and ftaiing an Account from the Mufter-Rolls, cbr. by which I have 
placed in the Treafury (clear of all Dcdudions) _^. 1144 : 12 : 10, — 77 



/• '541 ■■ 1 ■■ II 
To Cafli paid Siep/ci Skinner, Efi]. Treafurer, for Balance of this Account, i : 14 : 8 

/• "543 = 2: 7 



i2th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 47 



Monies received of CoL Robert/on, for Four-pence Sterling per Day 
ment, to the Time the King's Provifions were ilTued to them, 



Cr. 



1765. 

Jan. 25. By Ca(h (received at fundry Times, as Rations for 
the Years 1761 and 1762, by the Mufter-Rolls) 
/. 819 : o : 2 Sterling, which, at i^S the Dollar 
is York Currency, £. 1404 

May —. By ditto, received for the Year 1764, per the Mufter- 
Rolls, /• 156 : 3 : 3 Sterling, which, at 4/8 the 



3i 



Dollar, is 



267 : 14: li 
/. 1671 : 14: Sx 



Proc. 



/• 1543 : 2 : 7 



WE, the Committees of the Council and Aflembly, having examined the above Account and 
the Vouchers relative thereto, do allow the fame. 

RICHARD STOCKTON, 
JOHN HINCHMAN, 
Sth Sift. I Tj 2. SAMUEL TUCKER, 

BENJAMIN HOLME, 
THOMAS VAN H R N E. 



48 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Province of New-Jerfey to Samuel Sarjant, late Barrack- Mafler, 

at Amboy^ 
Dr. Contra Cr. 

By Carti, received oi StephenSkinner,£.iz : 17:2 



To Sundries (as per Vouchers, 



Balance due, 10: 7:0 



allowed) /. 23 : 4 : 2 

Errors excepted Sept. Btf>. 1772. 

By the Committees, 

RICHARD STOCKTON, 
JOHN H I N C H M J N, 
SAMUEL TUCKER. 



£■ 23: 4:2 



Province of New-Jerfey, to Hendr'ick Fijher, late Barrack-Mafter, 

in Brunfwick^ 
Dr. Contra Cr. 

To Sundries fupplled, per Vou- I 

chers allowed, and indors'd — jf . 2 : i : 2 | Balance due, — /, 2 : 1 : 2 

September i^, 1772, Errors excepted. 

JOHN STEVENS, 
JOHN H INC H M AN, 
SAMUEL TUCKER. 



Province of Neiv-Jerfey, to Edivard Thomas, late Barrack-Mafter 

at Elizabeth-Toivn^ 
Dr. Contra Cr. 

To Sundries, per Vouchers in- I 

dors'd and allowed, /. 4:12:91 Balance due, /. 4:12:9 

September dti, 1772, Errors Excepted. 

JOHN STEVENS, 
JOHN H I N C H M A N, 
S A MU E L TUCKER, 
BENJAMIN HOLME, 
THOMAS VAN H R N E. 



The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Thiirfday, September lo, 1772. 

The Honfe met. 

The Bill, entitled, A Supplementary A61 to aji Acl, entitled, An Adl 
to impoiver certain Perfons therein meiitioned, to raife a Sum of Money, 
&c. to rebuild and keep in Repair the Bridge over Raritan River at 
Boand-Brook ; was read the iecond Time, and committed to Mr. 
Tucker aud Mr. Roy. 

" "• ' "Xiorial 



i2th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 49 



A Memorial from the Honourable Stephen Skinne>\ Efq. relative to 
the Robbery of the Eaftern Treafury was read, and is as follows. 

To the Honourable House of ASSEMBLY. 

Gentkmeii, 

WHEN I had a Hearing before the late Houfe of AfTem- 
bly, at their Seffion in this Place, I little imagined that, 
from the Evidence laid before them, I fhould be fo hard- 
ly dealt with, efpecially as Nothing appeared in the Courfe of the 
Evidence that could in the lead " impeach my Conducl and Cha- 
•' radler," or adjudge me liable for the Monies ftolen from the Trea- 
fury. 

No Fad of the Kind can be better proved than that the Trea- 
fury was robbed. Does it not appear that the Money v/as in the 

Cheft, and kept in the fame Manner it always had been ? Why, then 
am I as an Individual to be ruined by a Robbery which it does not 
appear I could forefee or prevent ? It is faid the Money was too 
negligently kept. How does this appear ? The Evidence of Mr. 
Sarjant proves the Iron Chefl to be full of Money on the Day pre- 
ceeding the Night of the Robbery ; — that it was kept as ufual in a 
Room appropriated for the Treafury, and known to be there feveral 
Years, by many of the Members of the Houfe, who I dare fiiy, if 
they had thought it an improper Place, would have mentioned it. 

If the Cheft had been kept in an upper Room, and a Fire happen- 
ed, and, before it was difcovered, had got to ib great a Height as to 
render it impo/Cble to fave the Cheft with Money, would not the like 
Cenfure follow upon the fame Principle upon which the Houfe de- 
termined ? Would it not have been faid — The Treafurer was rcmifs in 
his Duty ? Why did he carry a heavy Cheft up Stairs ? Why did 
he not leave it below in fome handy Room where it could be more 
eafily carried off, in cafe of Fire ? Nay, — It might plaufibly be faid — 
An Iron Cheft would have been fufficiently fafe in a lower Room. In 
fhort, when Men are fo difpofed. Arguments will not be wanting to 
juftify the fevereft Treatment to the moft innocent Man. 

It is in Evidence that the Key was kept in another Room, and tliat 
with which it was opened an old Key, never ufed by me, nor in- 
deed, did I remember that there was fuch a one. This Key, I pre- 
fume, was found in riffling my Defk that ftood in the Room. 

Docs it hence follow, that I ought to be anfwerable for this Acci- 
dent, and my Children made Beggars, for having kept the publick 
Money as fafe as my ovv-n ? Can it be faid, that any Man in the Pro- 
vince will be fo cruel and ungeaerous as to ruin a Man for an Ac- 
cident which he could not forefee ? Why, then, is there an En- 
deavour to fully my Condud and Charader in this Manner, by a Re- 
folution repugnant to a former one, and not warranted by anv Evi- 
dence? — Nay, Evidence that acquits me of every Crime, and Charges 
me with no Negligence — for the Money was kept as ufual, and in 
the Iron Cheft. And I appeal to every Perfon, converfant in Matters 
of tliis Kind, Whether an Iron Cheft, for the Purpofe of keeping Mo- 

N ney, 



50 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



ney, is not the only Place in which it ought to be kept — and whe- 
ther the greateft Merchants (thro' whofe Hands greater Sums pals 
than ever were in this Treaiury) do not fo keep their Money, — and 
that in a Room to which their Apprentices have always Admittance, 
and even the Care of. 

The Expence and Trouble I have been at in endeavouring to de- 
tect the Robbery, — the uneafy Moments I have experienced fince this 
imfortunate Affair happened, with any reafonable Man, would have 
been efteemed a fufEcient Punilhment, if any Negledt had appeared in 
me : But, when this unfortunate Affiiir has happened to me, from an 
Accident, for which I could not, in Juftnefs, be anfwerable, it favors 
of Cruelty to punifh me and my Children for the A(5l of a Villain ; 
— a Cruelty impraftifed by any but thofe who have eradicated the 
Principles of Charity and Humanity from their Breads ; — Principles 
which, I flatter myfelf, will ever glow in the Breafls of the Repre- 
fentatives of Ncw-'Jerfey. 

I do therefore hope that this Houfe will, upon re-confidering the 
Evidence, let Juftice and Humanity be my Advocates, which will fatif- 
fy them, that Nothing in my Condiidl has been criminal, — that the 
Public Money has been kept as fafely as my own, and in the ufual 
Manner, in an Iron Chell ; — and point out the Severity of ruining a 
Man for a Matter that he could not prevent, and the Injuftice and In- 
humanity of laying a Burthen upon me that muft begger my Chil- 
dren, without any legal or equitable Evidence to juflify, in any Court, 
fb hard a Sentence. 

^T^^'"'^"^' ? STEPHEN SKINNER. 

Sept. 9th, 1772. 3 

Ordered, 
That the fame be referred to a Committee of the whole Houfe : 
Whereupon the Ploufe relblved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on the faid Memorial, and after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. 
Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fifl?er, Chairman of the Committee, 
reported, that the Committee had made fome Progrefs in the Matters to 
them referred, and defired Leave to fit again this Afternoon ; to 
vhich the Houfe agreed. 

The Bill Rc-engroiTed with the Council's Amendments, entitled. An 
A&. to enable the Oivtiers and Pojjejfors of the Meadoiv and Tide-Marjh^ 
lying on Alhflvunk Creek, &c. to ereci afid maintain a Bank, Dam, &c. 
acrofs the faid Creek, Sec. was read and compared, 
Ordered, 

That the Speaker fign the fame. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Kin/ey and Mr. Pettit do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil. . 

Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Pettit and hirafelf delivered the Bill 
with them intruded, to the Speaker in Council. 

The Petition from the Townflaips of Pequanack, Hanover, Morris, Men- 

dom^ 



i:Lth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 51 

dom, and Roxbury, in Morris County, praying that a four Rod Road 
leading from the Bridge over Rockaivay River, nesLvJohn IIem?nans,i'en. 
may be fupported and repaired by a Tax on the County of Morris^ 
■was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 
That the Petitioner* have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next SefTion, 
unlefs Caufe fhewn to the contrary, and that a Copy of this Order be 
publiflied in fome one of the Tork News-Papers fix Weeks before the 
next Seflion. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

Mr. Tucker, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled, A Supplementary A<ft, to an A[l, entitled. An A(5l to impoiver 
certain Perfons therein named, to raife a Sum vf Money, to rebuild and keep 
in Repair the Bridge over Raritan River at Bound-Brook, kno'wn by the 
Name of Queen's- Bridge, reported the fame with feveral Amendments, 
which with the Amendments in their Places were read ; on the Queltion, 
Whether the fame be engrofled? It pafTed in the Afiirmative. 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engrofled. 

The Bill, entitled. An Acl to diJTolve the Marriage of David Baxter, 
of the County of Hunterdon, luith Margaret his Wife, &c. was read the 
fecond Time, and com.mitted to Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Mehelm. 

The Houfe according to Order refolved itfelf into a Committee of 
the whole Houfe, on the Memorial of the Eaftern Treafurer, relative to 
the Robbery of the Treafury ; and after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. 
Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fiflier, Chairman of the Com- 
mittee reported, that the Committee had gone through the Matters to 
them referred, and had come to two Relblutions, which he was ready 
to report whenever the Houfe would pleafe to receive the fame. 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately. 

Whereupon Mr. FifJjer reported the Refolutions of the Committee 
as follows. 

1. Refolved, 

That it is the Opinion of this Committee, that as the late Houfe of 
Affembly fully inquired into the Piobbery of the Eaftern Treafury, and 
on that Inquiry came to a Determination, and as no new Evidence is 
fuggefted to induce the Committee to enter into a Re-hearing thereof, it 
is not proper for the Committee fo to do, but that the Subjedl ought to 
be taken up t\pon the Refolutions of the late Affembly. To which 
the Houfe agreed. 

2. Refolved, 

That it is the Opinion of this Committee, that a MelFage be prefented 
to his Excellency the Governor, requefting that he would join with the 
Affembly in fome Methods, or fet on Foot fome Profecution, to bring the 
Treafxirer to account for, and pay to the Colony the Sum faid to be fto- 
len from the Treafury, fo that the Colony may receive the Benefit there- 
of. To which the Houfe agreed Nejn. Con. Ordered^ 



52 VOTES, &c, of the General AssExMbly o/" New-Jersey, 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Fi/Iier, Mr. IVetherill, Mr. Kinfey, and Mr. Hinchman, 
be a Committee to prepare the Draught of a Meflage to his Excellency 
accordingly. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Adl for returning able and fuffident 
furors, mid for the better Regulation of Juries ; was read and compared ; 
on the Queftion, 
Refolvedy 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Price and Mr. Hand do carry the faid BiM to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning, fCine o'Qock. 

Friday, September ii, 1772; 

The Houfe met. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Commit- 
tee of the whole Houfe, on the Bill for Support of Government ; and 
after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and 
Mr. Fijher, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee 
had made fome further Progrefs in the Matters to them referred, and 
defired Leave to fit again. To which the Houfe agreed. 

His Excellency's Meffage of the 8th Inflant, with the Accounts of 
Colonel Robertfon attending it, were read the fecond Time ; and, on the 
Queftion, 

Refol'ved, 

That the Sum of ^. 42 : 5 : 6, Proclamation Money, be allowed on 
tlie faid Account. 



YEAS. 


YEAS. 


NAYS. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Kiiifey, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. IVetherill, 


Mr. He'-jiltngs, 


Mr. Lanxirenct, 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. Price, 


Mr. Dey, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Gibbon, 


Mr. Demarejl, 


Mr. Carrilfc, 


Mr. Holme, 


Mr. Paxfon, 


Mr. Fijhir, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Mehelm, 


Mr. Hinchintin, 


Mr. Fcrd, 


Mr. / 'an Home, 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. Pettit. 


Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer. 



Ordered, 

That Mr. Fifloer and Mr. Wetherill be a Committee to prepare and 
bring in an Anfwer to his Excellency's MelTage. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An c^cXfor rafmg a Sum of Money on the 
Inhabitants of Somerfet and Middlefex, for cotnp/eting the Bridge over 
Raritan Rfuer at the Landing ; was read and compared, and, on the 
Queftion, Whether the lame do pafs or not ? It palled as follows. 

YEAS. 



izth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 53 



YEAS. 


YEAS. 


Mr. Latarence, 


Mr. Heiiilings, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. Price, 


Mr. Fifier, 


Mr. Gibbon, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Hohne, 


Mr. Dey, 


Mr. racier. 


Mr. Dernarejl, 


Mr. Mihelm, 


Mr. For^, 


Mr. Sheppard, 


Mr. /r/;?^/, 


Mr. ^'^« /^ar;;.' 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. Pc>//7>. 



NAYS. 
Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Pax'fin, 
Mr. 5),ffx, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. /^««^, 
Mr. Elmer. 

Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, ^ Supplementary Adl ^0 ajz ^^, entitled. 
An A<ft /(? impoiver certain Perjons therein natjied, to raije a Sum of Money 
by Sub/cription or Taxation, to rebuild and keep in Repair the Bridge 
near Bound-Brook, called Queen's-Bridge, was read and compared ; 
on the Queftion, Whether the fame do pafs or notr It was carried as 
follows. 

YEAS. YEAS. NAYS. 

Mr. Laiurence, Mr. Hinchvian, Mr. Comhi, 

Mr. FiJIjer, Mr. Price, Mr. Wetherill, 

Mr. Pay, Mr. Gibbon, Mr. Taylor, • 

Mr. Dey, Mr. Holme, Mr. Carritfe, 

Mr. Demarejl, Mr. Hand, ' Mr. Paxfon, 

Mr. Ford, Mr. Tucker, Mr. r(?« Home. 

Mr. «7«i//, Mr. Mehelm, 

Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Sheppard, 

Mr. Hewlings, Mr. Elvier, 

Mr. 5>i,f/, Mr. Pt////. 

Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr, Fi/Jjer and Mr, Mehelm do carry the fald Bills to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence, 

Mr, PnV^ reported, that Mr. Hand and himfelf deUvered the Bill 
witli them intruded to the Speaker in Council. 

The Re-engroffed Bill, entitled. An Adl to prevent the Exportation of 
unmerchantable Flour to foreign Markets ; was read and compared, 
Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Laivrence and Mr. Winds do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council. 

A Petition v/as prefented from a Number of Inhabitants of Morris 
County, praying an EmiiTion of Paper Money on Loan ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 



The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. 
The Houfe met, 
O 



M, 



A 



54 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/" Nev.'-Jersey. 



A MelTage from the Covincil by Mr. Coxe. 
Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Coxe do carry the Bill, entitled, Jii Acl to pre/er'ue the 
Right of Fijlnng to thoj'e oivning and poffejjing Lands lying and beijig 
on the federal Rivers^ Creeks, and Bays ivithin this Colony, to the Houle 
of Allembly for their Concurrence. 

A/Jo Ordered, 
That Mr. Coxe do carry the Bill, entitled, Jn Ad to take the Exa- 
mination of a departing Witnefs, with the Amendments thereto annexed, 
to the Houfe of iVflerably, and delire their Concurrence in the faid 
Amendments. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

GHA. PETTI T, D. Clerk. 
The Bill fent from the Council, entitled^ An Adx to preferve the Right 
cf Fifhing to thofe ozoniug and poffeffing Lands lying and being on thefe've- 
ral Rivers, Creeks, and Bays in this Colony; was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

The Bill, entitled. An Acl to take the Examination of a departing 
Witnefs, was read with the Council's Amendments in their Places ; 
and on 'the Queilion, the Houfe difagreed to the Amendments made by 
the Council and adhered to the Bill. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Gibbon do carry back the faid Bill to the 
Council. 

A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary in the Words 

following, 'VIZ. 
Gentlemen, 

HIS Excellency Governor Tryon having communicated to me a 
Law of the Province o^ Kew-Tork, entitled. An Aci for eJiabliJJj- 
ing the Boundary or Partition Line bet'ween the Colonies of New-York, and 
Nova-C;iliirea or New-Jerfey, and for confirming Titles and Poffe/fions ; a 
Copy of which I now lay before you : And the Agents appointed by 
Law for the Management of the Controverfy on the Part of Neiu- 
ferfey, having applied to me to obtain a iimilar Law from the Legifla- 
ture of this Province, I recommend this Matter to your immediate ' 
Confideration, and requefl that you would pafs a Bill for thelame delir- 
able Purpofe. 

^'v:;;!^::,^. \ w«. f r a n k l i n. 

Mr. Hinchman on a particular Occafion had Leave of Abfence. 

Mr. Gibbon, purfuant to Leave given in Behalf of the Petitioners 
brought in a Bill, entitled. An i\€ito enable the Oivners offome Meadozt-s 
and MarfJjes at Elfinborough in the County of Salem, to keep out the Tide 
from overflo-wing the fame ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

Mr. Kinfey, from tlie Committee for that Purpofe, leported the 

Draught 



i2.th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. sS 



Draught of a MefTage to his Excellency, relative to the Monies Itolen 
from the Treafury, which was read, 
Ordered^ 
That the fame be engrofled. 

Purfuant to his Excellency's MefTage, Mr. Fijher brought in a Bill, 
entitled. An Acl for ejiabl'i/ljing the Boundary or Partition Line between 
this Colony, and the Colony of New- York, and for confirming Titles and 
Pojfejftons ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Fifher reported, that Mr. Mehelm and himfelf deUvered the 
Bills with them intrufted, to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Lawrence reported, that Mr. Winds and himfejif delivered the 
BDl with them intrufted, to the Speaker in Council. 

The Petition of Jonathan Bifjop an Infolvent Debtor, praying a Law 
for his Relief, 6'C". was read the lecond Time, and on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the faid Petition lie on the Table. 

The Bill, entitled. An h€t to enable all Perfons who are his Majefiys 
liige Subjeds to hold Lands and Tenetnents, who -were not naturalized at 
the Ti?ne of the Purchafe, Sec. was read the fecond Time ; on the 
Queftion, 

Ordered, 

That the fame be engrofled. 

The Bill, entitled. An Acl /or the Prejervation of Deer in the Town- 
fhip of Morris, was read the fecond Time ; on the Queftion, Whether 
the fame be engroffed or not \ It was carried as follows. 

NAYS. 
•Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. La-vjrence, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Demarefi:, 
Mr. Pax/on, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Shcppard, 
Mr. Van Horniy 
Mr. Pettis, 

Ordered, 
That Ae fame be engrofl^ed. 

The Bill, entitled, An Ad to enable Col. John Schuyler, to ereci and 
draw a Lottery for raifing the Sum of£. 1050. to be applied for the Ptcr- 
fofes therein mentioned^ was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engroffed. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Saturday, September 12, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

A 



YEAS. 


YEAS. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Heivlings, 


Mr. Wetherill. 


Mr. Hinchmaii,, 


Mr. Moorei, 


Mr. Price, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Gilbon, 


Mr. Carritfe, 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Fijloer, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Ford, 


Mr. Mehelm, 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. Elmer. 



56 VOTES, &c. of thd General Assembly (/New-Jersey. 



A Petition was prefented by Martin Rye/fon, an Infolvent Debtor, 
praying Relief, 6^. which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, An Ad to enable Fer/ons ivho are His 
Majeff/s liege SubjecTs, either by Birth or Naturalization, to inherit and 
hold Real EJlates, &c. was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refol'ued, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled. An A6i for the Prefervation of Deer in 
the Toivnfloip of Morris, was read and compared ; on the Queflion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. FiJIoer and Mr. Ford do carry the faid Bills to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Engroffed Meffage to his Excellency was read and compared, 
and is in the Words following, 'viz. 

Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Price and Mr. Laivrence do wait on his Excellency 
and inform him, That the Houfe having taken into Confideration 
the State of the Eaflern Treafury, and the Refolve made at the Seflion 
in 06lober Anno Domini One Thoufand Seven Hundred and Seventy — 
beg Leave to inform his Excellency, 

l^hat by the Oath of the Honourable Stephen Skinner, Efq. the pre- 
Icnt Trealiirer, it appears that in the Month of July Anno Dofni?ii 
One Thoufand Seven Hundred and Sixty-eight the Eaflern Treafury 
was robbed of upwards of Six Thoi^'and Pounds belonging to the 
Colony. • 

That in October Anno Domini One Thoufand Seven Hundred and 
Seventy the late Aflemblyj in a Committee of the whole Houfe, on a 
full and impartial Inquiry into the Circumftances of the fame Robbery, 
was of Opinion, " That it happened for want of that Security and 
" Care that was neceifary to keep it in Safety," and refolved in the 
Houfe on that Opinion, That the faid Treafurer ought not to be allow- 
ed the Sum fo faid to be flolen from the fald» Treafury. 

That notwith landing this Refblution, tho' the Houfe is convinced 
that the faid Treafurer doth not apprehend himfelf accountable for 
tli'at Sum to the Publick, as in the Treafury, he is ftill continued in 
Office, the Publick Money flill depends on his Care, and nothing hath 
been done to recover the aforcfiid Deficiency. 

That as the Officers of Government are appointed by his Excellencv, 
and io more immediately under his Controul, and as the Houfe cannot 
vv^ithout his Aflilfance bring this unhappy Affair to a Detenr.ination, 
they humbly requell and do not doubt but that his Excellency will join 
with theiii in the proper Mealures to cffecl this defirabic Purpoie. 

The 



izth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 57 



The Houfe convinced of the Uneafinefs of the Colony in General 
that this Mattef hath palled fo long unnoticed, and defirous to excul- 
pate themfelves from any Cenfure, in Juftice to the Colony, apprehend 
themfelves under a Necefiity of making, this Application, which they 
hope his Excellency will pay an immediate Attention to, that all juft 
Reafon of Complaint in future may be prevented, and tliat an Inftance 
of fo much Confequence to the Colony may receive a juft and final 
Decrfion. 

House of Assembly,? By Older of the Houfe, 



Sept. 12, 1772. 



JON A. DEARE, Clerk. 



The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Commit- 
tee of the whole Houfe on the Bill for the Support of Government, 
and after fome Time fpent therein, Mr, Speaker refumed the Chair, 
and Mr. F'ljher, Chairman of the Committee, reported that the Com- 
mittee had gone through the Matters to them referred, and had come 
to feveral Refolutions, which he was ready to report whenever die 
Houfe would pleafe to receive the fame. 
Ordered^ 

That the faid Report be made immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. FifJjer reported the Refolutions of the Committee, 
as follows, -oiz. 
I . ■ Refoh'ed, 

That in and by the faid Bill, when pafTed into a Law, there be paid 
to his Excellency JVi/liam Frank/in, Efq. Governor of this Colony, at 
the Rate of ;^. 1200 per Annum, Proclamation Money, to commence 
the iirll Day of Oflober next ; and on the Queflion, Whether the 
Houfe agrees to faid Sum, or not ? It pafTed in the Affirmative, as 
follows. 

YEAS. 

Mr. Crane, 
Garrltfe, 
Fijljer, 
Roy, 
Dey, 

Demareji, 
Ford, 
Winds, 
Kinfey, 
He'wlings, _ 

2. To Charles Read, Efq. fecond Jufllce of the Supreme Court of this 
Colony, at the Rate of ^. ioo/)fr ^72«KW, Money aforefaid ; and on 
the Queflion, Whether the Houfe agrees thereto or not ? It pafFed in 
the Atfirmative, as follows. 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr 
Mr 
Air 
Mr 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



Y E A S. 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Sl:ep[)ard, 
Elmer, 
n Home, 
ttit. 




NAYS. 
Air. Combs, 

IVetherill, 
Aloores, 
Taylor, 
Lanx'renci, 
Pax/on, 
Sykes, 
Air. Hand, 
mho voted for 
£. 1000. 



Air. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



YEAS. 



Air. 
Air. 
Mr. 
Air. 
Mr. 
Air. 
Air. 
Mr. 
Air. 
Mr. 



Crane, 

Fijlier, 

Roy, 

Demarefl, 

Ford, 

IVirtds, 

Kinfey, 

Hcuilings , 

Paxfon, 

Price, 



Y 

Mr. 

Air. 
Mr. 
Air. 
Air. 
Air. 
Mr. 



E AS. 

Gibbon, 

Hoh/te, 

Mehelm, 

ShepparJ, 

Ehner, 

Van Home, 

Pettit. 



NAYS. 
Air. Combs, 
Mr. IVetherill, 
Air. Aloores, 
Air. Taylor, 
Air. Lawrence, 
. Air. Dey, 
Mr. Hand, 
ivho voted for 



NAYS. 
Air. Garritfe, 
Air. Syk'es, 
Air. Tucker, 

•who voted for 
/.80. 



f» 



3. To 



jS VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly q/" New-Jersey. 



3, To David Ogden^ Efq. third Juilice of the Supreme Court of this 
Colony, at the Rate of £. 100 per Animm, Money afdrefaid ; and on 
the Queftion, Whether the Houfe agrees thereto, or not ? It was car- 
ried in the Affinnative, as follows. 



YEAS. 
Mr. Crar.,e, 
Mr. FiJJnr, 
Roy, 

DeviareJ!, 
Ford, 
IVinJs, 
Kinfey, 
Mr. He-vilin^is, 
J4r- Paxfijt, 



Mr 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 

Mr. 



Y 

Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



E AS. 

Price, 

CibboH, 

Halme, 

Mehelnt, 

Sht'fpard, 

Elmer, 

Van Home. 



NAYS. 


NAYS. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. mtkerill. 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Taylor, 


"jjho voted for 


Mr. Lanvrence, 


/. 80. 


Mr. Dey, 




Mr. Hand, 




•who voted for 




/•75- 





4. To Cortland Skinner, Efq. Attorney-General of this Colony, at 
the Rate of £. 30 per Annum, Money aforefald : To which the Houfe 
agreed. 

5. To Samuel Smith and Stephen Skinner, Efqrs. Treafurers of this 
Colony, each at the Rate of £. 40 per Annu?n : To which the Houfe 
agreed. 

6. To the Clerk of the Council, for the Time being, at the Rate of 
£. 30 per Atiman, Money aforefaid : To which the Houfe agreed. 

7. To Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Agent of this Colony, at the Rate of 
£. 100 per Annum, Money aforefaid : To which the Houfe agreed. 

8. To the Clerk of the Circuits, for the Time being, reliding in 
this Colony, the Sum of ^. 20 per Annum, Money aforefaid : To which 
the Houfe agreed. 

9. To the Door-keeper of the Council of this Colony, at the Rate 
of ;^. 10 per Annum : To which the Houfe agreed. 

10. To his Excellency William Franklin, Efq. at the Rate of £. 60 
per Annum, Money aforefaid, for Houfe-Rent, provided he makes Perth' 
Amboy or Burlington the Place of his Refidence : To wliich the Houfe 
agreed. 

11. To any Juftice of the Supreme Court of this Colony, for at- 
tending the Circuit Courts and Courts of Oyer and Terminer, in the 
Manner prefcribed by the faid Acl, the Sum of ;^. 10 for each Time : 
To which the Houfe agreed. 

12. To each of the Council, for the Time they may attend at any 
Sitting of General AiTembly, within the Time, Six Shillings per Day : 
To which the Houfe agreed, 

13. To Jonathan Deare, one of the Clerks of the Houfe of Repre- 
fentatives, or any other Clerk, for his Attendance, the Sum of Ten 
Shillings per Day for the Time he hath or fhall attend at any Sitting of 
General Alfembly during the Continuance of this Act ; alfo the Sum 
of Four-pence per Sheet, reckoning Ninety Words to a Sheet, for enter- 
ing the Minutes of any Sitting during the Continuance of this Act fair 
in the Book kept for that Purpofe, and copying the Laws and Minutes 
for the Printer. To which the Houfe agreed. 

14. To Charles Hettit, Efq. Deputy Secretary, or to the Deputy Secretary 
for the Time being, for copying Publlck Laws to fend Home to England, 

during 



i2th GAIL WILLIAM FRANKLIN, J^T?. Governor. 59 



during the Continuance of this A<51, Four-pence per Sheet, reckoning 
Ninety Words to the Sheet. To which the Houfe agreed. 

15. To each of the Treafurers of this Colony Six-pence per Pound for 
exchanging ragged and torn Bills of Credit of this Colony. To whicli 
the Houfe agreed. 

16. To Ifaac Collins, or any other Printer hereafter to be appointed, 
for printing the Minutes of the Houfe of Reprefentatives of any Sitting 
during the Continuance of this Adl, and for printing the Laws paflcd 
at any Sitting as aforefaid, or any other Printing, fuch Sums as Hend- 
j-ick Fijher, Stephen Crane, James Kinfey, and Thomas Polegreen Hcai- 
lings, Efquires, or any two of them, fhall agree to be paid for the 
faid Service. To which the Houfe agreed. 

17. To the Serjeant at Arms for the Time being, who fliall attend the 
"Council, the Sum of Three Shillings per Diem ; and to the Serjeant at 
Arms who ihall attend the Houfe of Reprefentatives, the Sum of 
Three Shillings per Diem. To which the Houfe agreed. 

1 8. To the Door-keeper of the Houfe of Reprefentatives for the Time 
being, who Ihall attend the Houfe in Manner aforefaid, the Sum of 
Three Shillitigs afid Six-pence per Diem. To which the Houfe agreed. 

1 9. To the Speaker, and every of the Members of the Houfe of Re- 
prefentatives, for the Time each of them fhall attend at any Sitting of 
General AfTembly, during the Continuance of this Adl, Six Shillings 
per Diem. To which the Houfe agreed. 

Ordered, 

That the Bill for Support of Government as reported and agreed to, 
"be engrofTed. 

Mr. Price reported, that Mr. Lcfwrence and himfeif delivered the 
MefTage with them intrufled to his Excellency, who was pleafed to fay 
he would take tl>e fame into Coniideration. 

Mr. Gibbon reported, that Mr. Kinfey and hittifelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufled, to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Mehelm, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled. An Adl to dijfohe the Marriage of David Baxter, &c. reported 
the fame with Amendments, which was read with the Amendments in 
their Places ; and feveral Amendments being made thereto in the Houfe, 
■on the Queflion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engrofTed. * 

The Bill, entitled. An Adi to enable the Owners of fome Meadows Ofid 
Marfldcs at Elfinborough in the Cozmty of Salem, to keep out the Tide 
from overfloiving the fame, was read the fecond Time, and committed 
to Mr. Holms and Mr. Price. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Crane with Leave brought in a Bill, entitled, An Ac^ appointi^ 
certain Perfons Commiffioners for laying out and keeping in Repair certain 
Roads to and from Pkulus-IJook, 8cc. was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. Mr. 



6o VOTES, &c. of ibe General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 

Mr. Combs with Leave brought in a Bill, entitled, An Acl for the 
vifpeding and culling Staves, Heading, Hoops, &c. that fhall be exported 
from the Province of New-Jerfey ; which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

Mr. Fi/Jjer reported, that Mr. Ford and himfelf delivered the Bills 
with them intruded, to the Speaker in Council. 

The Bill, entitled, An A6t for ejlablifliing the Boundary or Partition 
Line betiL'cen the Colonies of New- York, and New-Jerfey, &c. was read 
the fecond Time, and committed to Mr. Dey, Mr. Demarejl, Mr. Van 
Home, and Mr. Pettit. 

The Engi-ofTed Bill, entitled, An Act to enable certain Perfons to ereSl 
and drazu a Lottery for rai/ing the Sum of £. 1050, to be applied for the 
Purpofes therein jnentioned ; was read and compared, and on the Quefti- 



on, Whetlier the fame pafs or not ^ 

YEAS. 
Mr. ForJ, 
Mr. IVinds, 
Mr. Cibbon, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Van Home 



YEAS. 
Mr. dmbs, 
Mr. IVctheriii, 
Mr. Moons, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Carritfi, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Demarejf, 



Mr. Pettit. 



It was carried as follows. 

NAY S. 

Mr. La'wrence, 

Mr. Roy, 

Mr. Pax/on, 

Mr. Sykes, 

Mr. Price, 

Mr. Hand, 

Mr. Skeppard, 

Mr. Elmer. 



Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered,. 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Dey and Mr. Garritfe do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

« 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Nine o'Clock, 
Monday, Septemher i^^, ijji. 



The Houfe met. 

Mr. Tucker, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled, An A<fl for regulating Roads and Bridges, reported the fame 
with^veral Amendments, which were read ; and feveral Amendments 
being made in the Houfe, the further Confideration thereof was referred 
till the Afternoon. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Houfe took into further Confideration the Bill, entitled. An Acl 
for regulating Roads and Bridges ; and the fame with the feveral Amend- 
ments were read ; and feveral Amendments being made thereto, on the 
Queftion, 

Ordered^ 

That the fame be engrolTed. The 



i2th GAIL WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/^. Governor. 6t 

— ■ — 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Tucfday, September 15, 1772. 

The Houle met. 

Mr. Ftice, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled, An Adl to enable the O-wners of fame Meadoivs and Marjhes 
at Elfinborough in the County of Salem, to keep out the Tide, &c. 
reported the lanje with Amendments, which was read with the Amend- 
ments in their Places ; and on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engrofled. 

The Petition of fundry Inhabitants of Windfor in Middlefex, pray- 
ing a Law to clear AJftnpink Brook, was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next Seflion, 
they giving fix AVeeks Notice in the publick News-Papers of their 
intended Application. 

Mr. Tucker, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled, An Act for removing the federal ObflruBions of the Waters in 
PafTaick River, &c. reported die fame with Amendments, which were 
read with the Amendments in their Places ; and on the Queftion, 
Ordered, t 

That the fame be engroffed. 

Mr. Dey reported, that Mr. Garritfe and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufled to the Speaker in Council. 

The Petitions from Burlington, Somerfet, and Morris, praying a Law 
for an Emiffion of Paper Money on Loan, or. were read the fecond 
Time, and on the Queftion, \Vhether the fame be referred to the next 
Seflion, or not ? It paffed as follovrs. 



For 


Referring. 




Againft Referring, 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. 


Sykes, 


Mr. Mcores, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. 


Pricf, 


Mr. Cram, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. 


GibhdTi^ 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. Laix-'renct, 


Mr. 


Holmi, 


Mr. FiJ];;r, 


Mr. Dey, 


Mr. 


Hand, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. 


Shepfard, 


Mr. Demareft- 


Mr. He'u.'lings, 


Mr. 


Elmer. 


Mr. Ford, 


Mr. Paxfon, 


• 




Mr. Winds, 



Mr. Tucker, 

Mr. Mehdm, 

Mr. Van Horn'-. 

Mr. Pettit. 

Ordered, 
That the fame be referred to the next Seflion. 

The Bill fent do>vn by the Council, entitled, An Acl to preferve the 
Right of Fifhing in thofe oivning and poffefflng Lands lying and being on 
the feveral Rivers, Creeks, and Bays in this Colony ; was read the 
iecond Time, and committed to Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Mehelm. 

^ A 



62 VOTES, See. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Parker. 

Council-Chatnber, Sept. 15, 1772. 
Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Parker do carry to the Houfe of AfTembly the Bill, 
entitled, An A&. to prevent Abufes in the packing of Beef and Porky 
&c. with the Amendments thereunto annexed, and defire the Concurrence 
of the Houfe of Aflembly in the faid Amendments. 
Ordered alfo. 
That Mr. Parker do carry the Bill, entitled, An Ad to prevent the 
holdimr of Fairs in the City of Burlington, Princeton, 'and Toivnfhip of 
Windibr, to the Houfe of Aflembly for their Concurrence, 

By Order of the Hoife, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

A MelTage from the Council by Mr. Skinner. 
Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Skinner do acquaint the Houfe of AfTembly, that tliis 
Houfe has palfed the Bill, entitled. An Ad: for the Relief of Ben- 
jamin Ayers, &c. An Act for rafng the Sum of Four Hundred and 
Fifty Pounds Proclamation Money on the Inhabitants of the' Counties of 
Somerfet and Middlefex, &c. And A Supplementary Acl to an A6i, enti- 
tled. An A(5l to impoiver certain Perfons therein named, to raife a Sum of 
Money by Subfcription or by Taxation, to rebuild and keep in Repair the 
Bridge over Raritan River near Bound-Brook, 8cc. withovit any 
Amendment. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

The Bill, entitled, An Acfl for the infpeBing and culling Staves, Head- 
ing, Hoops, &c. was read the fecond Time ; and on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engroflJed. 

The Bill fent down by the Council, entitled, An Ad to prevent the 
holding of Fairs, &c. was read, and ordered a fecond Reading, 

The Bill, entitled. An A61 to prevent Abufes in the packing of Beef 
and Pork, 8cc. was read with the Council's Amendments in their Places ; 
on the Queftion, the Houfe agrees to the Council's Amendments ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill with the Council's Amendments be re-engrofTed. 

The Bill, entitled, An A<51 appointing certain Perfons CommiJ/loners for 
laying out ahd keeping in Repair certain Roads to and from Pauliis-Hook, 
^c. was read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That the fame be referred to next Sefllon of Aflembly. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, An AA for the Support of Government of 
his Majejlys Colony of New-Jerfcy, fojn the firft Day of Odober 1772, 

to 



izth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 63 

to thefirjl Bay of Odlober 1773, ^c. was read and compared ; and on 
the Queftion, 
Refol'uedy 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered^ 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered^ 
That Mr. Fijher, Mr. Wetherill, Mr. CranCy Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Pax/on, 
and Mr. Lanvrence, do carry the faid Bill to the Council for Concur- 
rence. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Acl to dijfolve the Marriage 0/" David 
Baxter, e^c. was read and compared ; and on the Queftion, 
Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered^ 
That Mr. Tucker and Mr. Winds do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

Mr. FiJJjer reported, that Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Crane, Mr. Kinfey, Mr. 
Paxfon, Mr. Laivrence and himfelf delivered the Bill for Support of 
Government to the Speaker in Coimcil. 

Mr. Kinfey, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill 
fent down by the Council, entitled, An Adl to prefer've the Right of 
Fijloing, &c. reported the fame without any Amendment; which was 
read, and on the Queftion, . , . 

Ordered, 

That the faid Bill do lie on the Table. 

Mr. Tucker reported, that Mr. Winds and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intruded, to the Speaker in Council. 

A Meffage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

Gentlemen, 

IH A V E received a Return from feveral of the AffefTors of the 
County of Hunterdon of the Number of Inhabitants, or. in their 
refpeclive Tov^rnfliips, with a Petition requefting a Recompence for their 
extraordinary Trouble in taking the Lifts which I now lay before your 
Houfe. As many of them were not made acquainted with my Requeft 
until after they had been about their Townfhips to take the Rateables, 
and therefore had the Trouble of going about a fecond Time, and as 
they have executed the Bufiaefs with Care and Afliduity, I cannot but 
recommend them, and fuch others as fliall hereafter appear to have 
acled in the fame obliging and publick fpirited Manner, to your 
Houfe for fome Compenfation adequate to their Services. 

Septimbcr 15, 1772. \Vm. FRANKLIN. 

Which with the Papers attending it were read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 



^4 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly (s/" New-Jersey. 



A MefTage from His Excellency by Mr. D, Secretary Pettit. 
A Message to the Assembly. 
Gdutkmen, 

WHEN the Robbery of the Eaflern Treafury was committed, I 
did every thing in my Power to difcovcr the Perfons concerned, 
and recover the Money. Upon the firft Meeting ot the Ailembly after- 
wards, I acqviainted them with what I had done, and laid before them 
every Information I could procure relative to that Tranfacftion. At the 
fame Time I told them in my Speech, that " if anv Expedient could be 
*' fuggefted which might have a Tendency to fecure the Province from 
" the like Difafler in future, it would not fail of meeting with my mod 
" hearty Concvirrence." The Aflembly in their Addrefs acknowledge 
themfelves " fatisfied of the early Care of Government and oi my particular 
" Endeavotcrs in that refpect," and add, that they will do therein, 
" what Ihall appear to them confiftent with the ilridieft Impartiality 
" and Publick Jufticc, not doubting my Readinefs to comply ivith any Expe- 
" dient that may be fuggejted ivhich may have a Tendency to fecure the 
" Colony from the like Dfajler infutnrej' 

During the Scffion in Noveirber 17(^9, the Eaftern Treafurer laid 
before the Houfe a State of the Treafury at the Time the Robbery was 
committed, then fubmitted the whole of his Condu6l to the Inquiry of 
the Houfe, and declared that tho' he hoped they would " be indul- 
" cent to his Errors, vet he dcfired no Mercy for anv Guilt." A 
Committee of the whole Houfe fpent fome Time m mquinng mto the 
Affair, and examining the Treafurer, and then reported, " that through 
" the Courfe of the Examination, not any Thing had appeared to impeach 
" his Condutl or CharaSler." To which the Houfe agreed, and referred 
the further Inquiry into that Matter to the next Sitting of Aflembly at 
AniboY. Before the Ailembly were prorogued, however, I obtained 
Bonds from each of the Treafurers, with fufEcient Sureties, for the 
due Performance of their Duty, which had never before been required 
of them either by Law or otherwife ; a Circumftance I was not till 
then acquainted with, as they had both been appointed to their Office 
before my Adminiitracion. 

I have been the more particular in reciting thefe Tranfaclicns, as 
you take not the lead Notice of them in the Accovmt you give of this 
Affair in your Meffige, but mention only the Refolve of the Affeinbly 
at the enfliing Sellion at Amhoy^ in October 1770, in which the Houie 
declare " That the Po'obery of the Treafury Jiappcntd for want of 
" that Security and Care that was neceffary to keep it in Safety, and 
" that the Treafurer ought not to be allowed the Sum lb faid to be fto- 
" len froin the Treafury." — Had nothing b\it this Relblve paffed in the 
Affemblv relative to this Matter, there inight be ibme Appearance of 
Juftice in your complaining to nie, " that votivithflanding this Refoluti- 
" on, tho' the Houie is convinced that the fkid Trealiu-er doth not 
" apprehend himlelf accountable for tliat Sum to the Publick, as in the 
*' Treafury, he ii fill oniinucd in Office, x\\c Publick Money fill depends 
" on his Care, and nothing hath been d'juc to recover the aforefaid Defci- 
*' encY. On 



i2th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 6s 



On this Head, give me Leave, Gentlemen, to alk you a few Ouefti- 
ons. Do you think it would hav& been juft in me to have removed the 
Treafurer from his OfEce before the Aflembly had made any Inquiry 
into his Conduct, or he had had an Opportunity of being heard in his 
Juftification ? Would it have been right to have removed him after 
the Aflembly had made their firfl Inquiry, when they exprefsly declared 
on their Minutes " that through the Courfe of the Examination not 
" miy Thing had appeared to impeach the Conduct or Character of the 
". faid Treafurer," and referred the Matter for further Inquu-y to ano- 
ther Seflion ? Could I, with Propriety, have done it after die Aflembly 
had made that further Inquiry and come to the Refolution above- 
mentioned, as they not only neither requefl:ed it of me, nor gave me 
the leaft Intimation that fuch a Thing would be agreeable to them 
but gave me a pretty ftrong Reafon to think otherwife, by votino- to 
the Eafliern Treafurer by Name, in two Days after, a Salary for the 
Year enfuing ? Or, would it be proper for me even now to remove 
him from his Oflice, feeing that tho' you have had this Matter for fome 
Time under your particular Coniideration, you have not only not 
defired me to do it, but when a Refolve for the Purpofe was lately 
propofed in a Committee of your whole Houfe, it was rejected as un- 
juft, and the Houfe have fince voted him by Name the Salary for the 
enfuing Year as ufual ? 

If you really, Gentlemen, think the Eafliern Treafurer ought to be 
removed from his Oflice, you ought to tell me fo in plain Terms, and 
give me your Reafons. If you do not judge it right that he fliould be 
removed at prefent, you then have acfled a very ungenerous Part by 
me in intimating a DilTatisf action that he isjlill continued in Office not- 
ivithjianding the Refolution of a former Affembly. What I look upon as 
equally uncandid is, your Complaint that " the Publick Money ftill 
" depends on his Care, and nothing hath been done to recover the 
" Deficiency," when the Aflembly has had from the firfl: an Aflurance 
under my Hand, that " if any Expedient can be fuggefied which may 
" have a Tendency to feciire the Province from the like Difafler in future 
" it ivill not fail to meet my mofl hearty Concurrence^ Befides you v/ell 
know, that neither the lafl: nor prefent Aflembly have ever before fo 
much as fuggefted fuch an Expedient to me, or propofed the takino- 
any Steps to recover the Money. So that if there has been any Ne- 
glect or Omiflion in this Cafe, I furely ought to be excufed from bearinp- 
any Share of the Blame : For tho' you are pleafed to fay that " the 
" OiEcers of Government are appointed by me and fo more immedi- 
" ately under my Controul," yet you muft know at the fame Time 
that I have no other Controul over them but to remove fuch of them 
as hold their Commiflions during Pleafure, when it has been fitisfac- 
torily proved that they have acled inconfiftently with their Duty ; and 
you muft likewife be convinced that Oflicers of Government are not lefs 
amenable to the Laws of the Country than other Perfbns. As to the 
Treafurers in particular, the Afi^embhes in this Province have long 
exercifed a far greater Controul over them than any Governors have 
ever attempted. They not only examine and fettle their Accounts after 

R the 



66 VOTES, &c. of ihe General Asseimbly o/" New-Jersey, 



tlie Committees have reported on them, but, by a fimple Refolve of 
their own Houi'e, often order the Treafurers to fue for the PubHck 
Debts, to make Abatements, to poftpone demanding of Payments due 
to the Colony, and many other Things of a fimilar Nature, without 
fo much as alking the Concurrence of any other Branch of the Legis- 
lature. The Governor does not even fee an Account of the Treafurers 
till it is publifhed on the Minutes of the Houfe of Reprefentatives, 
nor has he any Kind of Connexion with the Bufmefs of their Office, 
except figning fuch Warrants or Orders upon them as are direded by 
AcT: of Affembly. 

On the whole, Gentlemen, if tlie Houfe is, as you fay " convinced 
" of the Uneafmefs of the Colony in General that this Matter hath 
" palled fo long unnoticed," you are i'o far excufeable in endeavouring 
" to exculpate yourfelves from any Cenfure ;" but, to do this, there 
HMs no NecefTity for your even inlinuating that I have been any ways 
culpable on the Occafion, as you have too plainly done, in what you 
have laid with refpe6l to the Continuance of the Treafurer in Office, 
and the prefent Situation of the pubUck Money, 

Whether the Treafurer is liable by Law to make good the Sum ftolen 
out of the Treafury, and whether the Matter can be properly tried in 
this Province, where every Freeholder may be confidered in fome Mea- 
fure as a Party, are Queftions which require mature Conlideration. It 
is, however, as you jullly obferve, a Matter " of much Confequence 
" to the Colony," and ought to " receive a juft and final Decifion, 
" that all juft Reafon of Complaint in future may be prevented." 
You may therefore rely, that whenever you point out to me fuch 
" proper Meafures for effeding this defirable Purpofe," as I can with 
Propriety join in, my Affiftance fliall not be wanting. 

W". FRANKLIN. 

Which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

On a Motion made by Mr. Tucker, to repeal fuch Part of the Quota 
Bill by which Taxes are laid on Stills that diftil fpirituous Liquors from 
Apples, Peaches or other Fruit, for Sale or Hire ; and on the Queftion 
it was carried in the Negative. 

Mr. FiJJjer, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in the Draught of a MslTage to his Excellency in Anfwer to his Meflage 
of the 8th Inftant ; which was read, and ordered to be engrolTed, and 
is as follows, 
Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Dey and Mr. Winds do wait on his Excellency, and 
inform him, That this Houfe hath taken into Conlideration the 
Account for fupplying the fick Soldiers left at the Barracks in Elizabeth- 
Toivn, in November laft, mentioned in his Excellency's Meflage of the 
8th Inftant, and hath come to a Refolution to allow £. a^S '^5 9 Neiv- 
Yoi-k Currency, and will make Provilion by Law for Payment of the 
fame. That the Ttvo and a Half per Cent, for laying out that Money, 
and the Charge for ifluing the Wood, the Houfe apprehends are for 
Services incumbefit on the Barrack-mafter, who is an Officer of the 

Army, 



izth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, EJq. Governor. 67 



Army, and as fuch receives a Salary from the Crown, this Houfe there- 
fore do not think it reafonable to allow the fame. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

JONA. DEARE, Clerk. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 
TVednefdayy September 16, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill fent down by the Council, entitled, An A<fl to prevent the 
holding of Fairs in the City of Burlington, Princeton, and Tcnvnfhip of 
Windfor ; was read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be committed to Mr. Wetherill and Mr. Sykes. 

The engrofled Bill, entitled, An Acft for clearing and removing the 
fcveral Obfnidions of the free Courfe of the Waters in Paflaick River, 
and the Branches thereof, 8cc. was read and compared ; and on the 
Queflion, Whether the fame do pafs, or not I It was carried as follows. 



YEAS. 


YEAS. 


YEAS. 


NAYS. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Hertiareji, 


Mr. Holme, 


Mr. Carritfe, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. Ford, 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. Tucker, 




Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. Hc'wling!, 


Mr. Mehelm, 




Mr. Laiurence, 


Mr. Paxfoti, 


Mr. Sheppard-, 




Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. Elmer, 




Mr. Fijher, 


Mr. Price, 


Mr. Van Home, 




Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Gibbon, 


Mr. Pettit, 




Mr. Dey, 









Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Dey and Mr. Ford do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concvurrence. 

His Excellency's MefTage of Yefterday relative to the Robbery of the 
Treafury, was read the fecond Time, 

Whereupon the Houfe refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on the faid Metfage, and after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. 
Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fifher, Chairman of the Com- 
mittee, reported that the Committee had made fome Progrefs in the 
Matters to them referred, and delired Leave to fit again. To which the 
Houfe agreed. 



68 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly «/" New-Jersey. 



A MefTage from the Council by Lord Stirling. 

Council-Chamber, Sept. i6, 1772. 
Ordered, 

THAT Lord Stirlitig do carry to the Houfe of Aflembly and defire 
their Concurrence in the Bill, entitled, An Act to regulate the 
'Praclice of Phyjic and Surgery, within the Colony of New-Jerfey. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Coxe. 

Council-Chamber, Sept. 16, 1772. 
Ordered, 
npHAT Mr. Coxe do acquaint the Houfe of AlTembly, that this 
-*■ Houfe has paffed the Bill, entitled, An A61 to enable all Perfons 
nvho are his Majcflys liege Subjects either by Birth or Naturalization, to 
inherit and hold Real Eflates, &:c. without any Amendment. 

By Order of the Hoxfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Skinner. 

Council-Chamber, Sept. 16, 1772. 
Ordered, 
'T^HAT Mr, Skinner do acquaint the Houfe of Aflembly, that the 
-*■ Bill, entitled. An Act for the better Prefervation of Deer in the Poivn- 
fhip of Morris, is pafled in Council, without any Amendment. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

A MefTage from the Council by Mr. Parker. 

Council-Chamber, Sept. 16, 1772. 
Ordered, 
'~r^ HAT Mr. Parker do carry the Bill, entitled. An Ad to dijfolve 
-■■ the Marriage of David Baxter with Margaret his Wife, late 
Margaret Mac Murtry, with the Amendments tliereunto annexed, to 
the Houfe of Alfembly, and defire their Concurrence in faid Amend- 
ments. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill, entitled, An Adl to dijfohe the Marriage of David Baxter, 
zyc. with the Council's Amendments thereto, were read in their Places ; 
and on the Queftion, the Houfe agreed to the Amendments made by 
the Council, 
Ordered, 
That the faid Bill with the Council's Amendments be re-engrofled. 

The 



i2/y^G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, ^7. Governor. 69 



The Bill fent down by the Council, entitled. An A€i to regulate the 
Pradice of Phyftck and Surgery, &c. was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Houfe, according to Order, refolved itielf into a Committee of 
the whole Houfe on his Excellency's Meffage of Yefterday, relative to 
the Robbery of the Treafury, and after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. 
Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fijloer, Chairman of the Commit- 
tee, reported, that the Committee had gone through the Matters to 
them referred, and had come to one Refblution which he was ready to 
report whenever the Houfe would pleafe to receive the fame, 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. F'l/her reported the Refolution of the Committee as 
follows, 

Refolved, 

That an Anfwer be prepared to his Excellency's MefTage in Anfwer to 
the MefTage of this Houfe, relative to the Treafury. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Klnfey, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Laivrence, and Mr. Price be a 
Committee to prepare and bring in the fame. 

Mr. Wetherill, from the Committee to vsrhom was committed the Bill, 
entitled, An Act to prevent the holding of Fairs iyi the City 0/' Burlingcon, 
Princeton, and Toivnflnp of Windfor ; reported the iame without any 
Amendment, which was read, and on the Queflion, 
Refol'ved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Sykes and Mr. Moores do carry to the Council the faid Bill, 
and inform them, that this Houfe has pafTed the fame without any 
Amendment. 

The Petition from Fjfex and Bergen, fetting forth that the flopping 
the River Pajfaick is greatly prejudicial to them both in Fifhing and 
Navigation, ^'c. and praying a Law to remedy the fame, &c. was 
read the fecond Time, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be referred to the next Seflion. 

Mr. Fifher moved for Leave to bring in a Bill to lower the Interefl 

of Money in this Colony ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, ^ 
That he have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next Seffion of AlFembly, 
His Excellency's MefHiges of the 9th and 15th Inftant, refpecfling the 

numbering the Inhabitants, and an Allowance to the Affeflbrs, &c. 

for taking the Lifts, were i^ad the fecond Time ; and after fome Debate 

thereon, on the Qucftion, 

S Ordered^ 



VOTES, &C. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Mehelm and Mr. Hcwlings do wait on his Excellency 
and inform him, that the Houfe have taken his Excellency's 
MefTagcs of the 9th and 15th Inilant into Conlideration, and as the Time 
of aflelfing the Inhabitants by Law is pafled, and there is now no Pro- 
bability that a complete Lift can be had this Year, that the Members 
of this Houfe will in their feveral Counties countenance the taking the 
Lifls propofed by his Excellency at the Time of next afleffing the Inha- 
bitants, when the Houfe hopes the Lifts will not only be taken with 
Accuracy, but with lels Expence and Trouble both to the AflefTors and 
the People ; and that when the Returns are completed, that tlie Houfe 
will take the Matter into further Conlideration. 

By Order of the Hoife, 

JON A. DEARE, Clerk. 

INIr. Dey and Mr. Winds reported, that they delivered the Meflage 
with them intrufted, to his Excellency the Governor. 

Mr. Pettit, having fliewn the Houfe an Advertifement in the Penn- 
fyl'uania Journal of the 29th of fune laft, that a Number of the Proprie- 
tors of a Tra6l of Land called the Great Meadovv's in the County of 
Suffex, intended to apply at this Seftion for a Law to enable them to 
drain the fame, and it being too late to enter into a Bill at this Seffion, 
Ordered, 
That the faid Proprietors have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next 
Seilion of Alfembly. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-iAon-ow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Thiirjday, September 17, I'J'J^. 

The Houfe met. 

The Re-engrolled Bill, entitled. An Acl to d'lffol've the Marriage of 
David Baxter, 6'c, with the Council's Amendments thereto, was read 
and compared ; and on the Queif ion, 
Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

The Re-engrofled Bill, entitled, An Ad to prevent Ahiifes in the 
packing of Beef and Pork, &c. with the Council's Amendments thereto, 
was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Taylor and Mr. Sheppard do carry the faid Bills to the 
Council. 

Mr. Dey and Mr. Ford reported, that they delivered the Bill to them 
intrufted to Lord Stirling, one of the Council. 

Mr. Sykes and Mr. Moores reported, that they delivered the Bill to 
them intrufted to Charles Read, Elq. one of the Council. 

On a Motion made by Mr. Roy for Leave to bring in a Bill more ef- 
fcdlually to fupprefs Immorality ; on the Queftion, Ordered^ 



12th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 71 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Roj have Leave to bring in a Bill accordingly. 
The Petition of Mart'm Ryerfon, an Infolvent Debtor, was read the 
fecond Time ; and a Memorial prefented by John Sfnyth, Efq. Attor- 
ney for Oliver De Lance y, Efq. fetting forth the very great Indulgence 
fliewn to the faid Martin Ryerfon, and the ungenerous Behaviour of the 
faid Martin Ryerfon, 8cc. was alfo read ;_ whereupon, on the Queftion, 
Ordered^ 
That the faid Petition do lie on the Table. 

The Bill, entitled, An Adl to regulate the Practice of Phyfic and Sur- 
gery 'within the Colony of New-Jerfey, was read the fecond Time, and 
committed to Mr. Tucker and Mr. Laivrence. 

The EngroiTed Bill, entitled, An Ad to enable the Owners and Pojfef- 
fors of a TraSl of Mcirfh and Meadoiv at Elfinborough, in the County of 
Salem, to uphold and maintain a certain Bank for draining the fame 8cc. 
was read and compared ; and on die Queftion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Gibbon and Mr. Holme do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

Mr. Taylor reported, that Mr. Sheppard and himfelf deUvered the 
Bills with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Read. 

Council-Chamber, Sept. 17, 1772. 
Ordered, 
'T"*' HAT Mr. Read do acquaint the Houfe of AlTembly, tliat this 
^ Houfe has pafTed the Bill, entitled, An Acl for the Support of 
Government, &c. without any Amendment. 

By Order of the Houfe, 
' CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 
A Petition was prefented by John Green, a Prifoner for Debt, praying 
a Law for his ReUef, zyc. which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

Mr. Gibbon reported, that Mr. Holme and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 
A Meffage from the Covmcil by Mr. Stevens. 

Co2incil-Chamber, Sept. 17, 1772. 
Ordered, 
'T^ HAT Mr. Stevens do acquaint the Houfe of Aflembly, that the 
-*■ Bill, entitled. An Adl for tnaking Procefs in Courts of Equity effec- 
tual againji Mortgagors ivho ahfcond, 8<.c. and tjie Bill, entitled, An Adl 

for 



72 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly <?/" New-Jersey. 

for raifttig One Thoufand atiJ Fifty Pounds, &c. have pafTed in this 
Houfe without any Amendment, 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled. An A&.for in/pefiitig and culling Staves, 
Heading, &c. and for infpeciing and meafuring Corn, Wheat, and other 
Grain, &c. exported from the Province of New-Jeriey beyond Sea, was 
read and compared ; and on the Queftion, Whether the fame pafs, or 
not ? It was carried as follows, 



YEAS. 

Mr. Csnibs, 

Mr. Wethrill, 

Mr. Moora, 

Mr. Taylor, 

Mr. Fijhcr, 

Mr. Roy, 

Mr. Demareji, 



YEAS. 

Mr. Ford, 

Mr. Winds, 

Mr. He-wling!, 

Mr. Tucker, 

Mr. Van Honte, 

Mr. Fetht. 



NAYS. 

Mr. La'wnnce, 

Mr. Crane, 

Mr. Curritfe, 

Mr. Paxfojt, 

Mr. Sykes, 

Mr. Price, 



NAYS. 

Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. £/;;;fr. 



Refol'ved, 
That the lame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker iign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Moores and Mr. Fir/w Home do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

Mr. Roy, purfuant to Leaye given, brought in a Bill, entitled. An 
A61 77iore effecliially tofupprefs Immorality ; which was read, and ordered 
a fecond Reading. 

y\x. Mehelm reported, that Mr. Heivlings and himfelf delivered the 
Melfage of the Houfe with them intruded to his Excellency. 

Mr. Kinfey, from the Committee appointed to prepare and bring in 
the Draught of a Melfage to his Excellency in Anfwer to his Meffage of 
the 15th Inftant, relative to the Robbery of the Treafury, brought in 
a Draught accordingly, which was read, 

"Whereupon the Houfe refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houle on the faid Meffage, in Anfwer to his Excellency's Melfage, and 
after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker relumed the Cliair, and 
Mr. Fi/Jjer, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Commit- 
tee had gone through the faid Meffage in Anfwer to his Excellency's 
Meffage, and had made feveral Amendments thereto, which he was 
ready to report whenever the Eloufe would pleafe to receive the fame, 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. Yifhcr reported the laid Meffage with the Amend- 
inents, which, with the Amendments in their Places, were read ; and 
on the Qnertion, Whether the fame be engroffed or not ? It was 
carried as follows, 



YEAS. 



I2th G. 


III. WILLIAM 


FRANKLIN, £/^. Governor. 73 


YEAS. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Do-. 


YEAS. 
Mr. Kin fey, 
Mr. Pa^fon, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. ^a«i/. 


Y 

Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 


E A S. NAYS. NAYS. 
Tucker, Mr. Crane, Mr. For;/, 
Mehelm, Mr. Garritfe, Mr.' /F/n<//, 
ShepparJ, Mr. fz/^.-r, Mr. Her.ulingr, 
Elmer, Mr. /{(y, Mr. Gibbon, 
Van Home. Mr. DemareJ}, Mr. Pettit. 



Ordered^ 
That the fame be engrofled. 

Mr. Moores reported, that Mr, Faw ^orMi? and himfelf dehvered the 
Bill with them intrufled to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Sykes had Leave of Abfence on a particular Occafion. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Friday, September 18, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition of fundry Inhabitants of Hanover, in the County of Mor- 
ris, was prefe'nted, praying a Law for an Emiflion of Paper Money on 
Loan, 6'C. which was read, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be referred to the next Sefllon. 

Mr. Tucker, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill 
fent down by the Council, entitled. An A61 to regulate the PraSlice of 
Phyftck and Surgery -within the Colony of New-Jerfey, reported the fame 
with feveral Amendments ; which was read, with the Amendments in 
their Places, and feveral Amendments being made thereto in the Houfe ; 
on the Queflion, Whether the faid Bill as amended do pafs \ It was 
carried as follows. 

YEAS. YEAS. NAYS. NAYS. 

Mr. Moores, Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Combs, Mr. Paxfon, 

Mr. Crane, Mr. Healings, Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Gibbon, 

Mr. La'wrence, Mr. Price, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Holme, 

Mr. Fijher, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Garritfe, Mr. Hand, 

Mr. Dey, Mr. Mehelm, Mr. Roy, Mr. Sheppard, 

Mr. Ford, Mr. Elmer, Mr. Demarejl, Mr. Van Horne. 

Mr. Winds, Mr. Pettit. 

Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs with the Amendments thereto. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Mehelm do carry back the faid Bill to the 
Council, with the Amendments made thereto in this Houfe, and de- 
fire their Concurrence with the faid Amendments. 

The EngrofFed MelTage to his Excellency, in Anfwer to his MefTage 
of the 15th Inftant, relative to the Treafury, was read and compared, 
and is as follows. 



T 



Ordered, 



74 VOTES, Sue. o/" z/?^ General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



T 



Ordered, 

H AT Mr. Moores and Mr. Sheppard do wait on his Excellency, 

and inform him, that when the Aflembly fent the Mellage of 

the 1 2th Inftant to his Excellency, relative to the Robbery of the Ea- 
flern Treafury, they thought themfelves in the Execution of their Du- 
ty to their Conftituents, and did not imagine any Part of that Meflage 
inlinuated a Charge that could give the leaft Offence, much lefs could 
have occafioned an Anfwer which carries the Suppofition that they 
were either uncandid or ungenerous. A mutual Confidence between 
the feveral Branches of the Legiflature k was never the Inclination of 
the Houfe to interrupt ; and they flatter themfelves, that when it is 
coolly confidered it will be foimd to contain nothing that hath a Ten- 
dency to infringe that Harmony which, at the Beginning of almoft eve- 
ry SelTion, he hath recommended to the Reprefentatives of the People. 
Whether his Excellency's Anfwer evinces an Inclination to promote 
this good Purpofe they muft leave others to judge. Was this Houfe 
difpofed to Warmth, the neceflary Bufmefs of the Province might be 
delayed ; but that the Houfe inclines to {hew tiiat they prefer the Pub- 
lick Good to every other Confideration. 

That with refped to fome Matters his Excellency is pleafed to call 
upon the Houfe to exprefs themfelves witli Plainnefs — that they intend 
not only to be io, but to give their Sentiments with that Decency which 
is due to the Perfon of his Majefty's Governor — and that the Houfe 
only v/iihes that the legiflative Body of the People of this Colony may 
receive hereafter the fame Treatment. 

That none of the Houle have been ufed to Controverfy, that 
they heartily wifti to avoid it, and if any Expreffion fhould occur that 
carries witli it an Implication which may give Offence, they beg the 
Favour of his Excellency rather to believe that none was intended, than 
to look for what was never the Defign of the Houfe. 

The prefent Affembly, knowing that mod of their Conftituents were 
not pleafed that no Meafures were ufed to bring the Treafurer to account 
for the Monies faid to be ftolen out of the Ealtern Treafury, and being 
really defirous that fomething fliould be done to effed that End, 
mentioned with Concifenefe the Robbery, and the Refolutionof the late 
Houfe on a full, fair and impartial Inquiry into the Situation and 
Manner the Treafury was kept, with all the Evidences and Circum- 
fiances that could be jirocured to give light into that Matter, as the 
Ground of their Requcft, they did not then fee, nor can they now think 
that every Step previous to that Refolution was neceffary to be menti- 
oned to found that Requeft on ; and however tliat or this Houfe may 
be fatisfied with either his Excellency's early Care to recover what was 
loft, or to prevent the like Difafter in future, this Houfe doth not conceive 
the Enumeration of thofe Particulars pertinent to that Application. It 
is true, thev Ihew the Coolnefs and Deliberation with which the Mat- ■ 
ter was confidered, the Inclination of the late Houfe to exculpate the 
Treafurer, until that Houfe was fully convinced of his RemifTuefs ; 
and their Impartiality is evident in their Publication to the World of the 
AiFidavits on which, in Part, the)- came to a Determination. 

Tha; 



i2tb G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 75 



M-!j?"--mrJEii-' g°li 



That whether his Excellency's Care in taking of the Bonds from 
both of the Treafurers, for the due Performance of their Duty, can an- 
fwer any good Purpofe, the Houfe doth really doubt. As they are in- 
flituted de Novo^ unknown to and not authorized by Lav/, they think 
there is Reafon to difpute their Validity, and fubmit to his Excellen- 
cy whether it is not proper a Law iliould be palTed to authorize the tak- 
ing of them ? That die Houfe wilTies his Excellency had bellowed the 
fame Attention to call the Treafurer to account for what was paft, as 
to prevent any future Damage to the Province. That they cannot help 
thinking it to have been the moll; material ; that if it had been at- 
tended to properly, the Occalion of the Meflage of the 1 2th Inftant 
would have been prevented ; and that the Houfe cannot help obferv- 
ing, that all his Excellency's Oifers preceding the prefent Anfwer to 
the MefFage of tlie 12th Inftant, to take Care that die Province fliould 
not fuffer, are calculated for the Time to come, or to difcover the Per- 
fon that had adually perpetrated the Fact, and not a Word mentioned of 
his Inclination to allill in calling the Treafurer to an Account that the 
Houfe remembers to have feen. 

That his Excellency being pleafed to afk the Houfe fome Qireflions 
they beg Leave, in the next Place, to anfwer ; and hope that this An- 
fwer will be as plain as his Excellency feems to defire. That they do 
not think it would have been juft in his Excellency to remove the 
Treafurer from his Office until he had an Opportunity of being heard, 
and \mtil the Matter had been fully inquired into ; but that they do 
think that after the Houfe liad Ihew'd fo much Care, Impartiality, and 
Tendernefs, as appears from their Minutes (which they luppofe are, or 
ought to be, daily laid before him) and had come to a Refolution, 
that the Money was loft through his Negligence, that he was not a pro- 
per Perfon to be continued in Office. That the Sentiments of the late 
Houfe might be known as fully without a Requeft to remove him as 
with one. And tho' the Houfe doth think that fuch Requeft would 
have been proper, yet they cannot conceive it to be the Bulinefs of 
the Aflembly, though they v/lfli they had made it fo, on every Ocea- 
lion to point out when an Officer iliould be removed. 

That the Houfe doth acknowledge, that in their Meflage they 
have not defired his Excellency to remove the Treafurer ; nay, that 
they have already gone inadvertently into voting the prefent Treafurer by 
Name a Salary for the enliiing Year ; but, left his Excellency may 
draw the fame Inference from this Vote, as he did from that of the 
late Houfe, they beg Leave to inform him, that it is not their De- 
fire he ftiould be continued in Office longer. 

How his Excellency received the Information of what paffed in a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe they cannot fay. They do not conceive it 
*to be quite parliamentary to receive any Information but from the 
Votes or Meifages of the Koufe. The vague Reports of People out of 
Doors are often untrue ; and the Danger of admitting fuch Reports 
will appear, when they allure him, that tho' in the Committee it was 
voted, not to put in a Requeft that the Treafurer fhould be removed, 
it w^as not reje<5led as utijnjl, but becaufc at that Time they did not think 

it 



76 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly <?/" New-Jersey. 



it abfolutely neceflary to be mentioned, and through Tendernefs that 
■they find likely to turn to the Difadvantage of the Province. 

lliat they have ferioully conlidered the Meflage of the 12th Inflant. 
It is true, they mention, that notvyithftanding the Refolution of Odo- 
ber 1770, he is ftilt continued in Office, and Nothing hath been done to 
recover that Deficiency. They do not fay this by Way of Complaint, 
but think them to be given as the Reafons of their Application. And 
that when they confider that upwards of £. 6,000 is in Danger of be- 
ing IoIl for Want of proper Means to recover it, and that none hath 
been ufed for above four Years pafl for that Purpofe, they look on 
them to be cogent Reafons to enforce fbme fpeedy Meafures. That 
they cannot help faying, that they think a proper Attention hath not 
been paid to this important Matter ; but at whofe Door to lay this 
Fault the Houfe have not prefumed to conclude. And that they think 
the removing a Man from his Office, fo as .to hinder his Negligence 
from doing any Prejudice in Future to the Province, is better than 
taking any Bonds, and would they believe have been very agreeable to 
the Colony in general. 

What Authority the Aflemblies have claimed or exercifed, with Re- 
fped to the Trealurers Accounts, they do not know, nor do they think 
it very material ; but this they can fay with Certainty, that the depriv- 
ing him of his Office was in his Excellency's Power ; and that they 
think that Refolution was a fufficient Ground to do fo. 

That his Excellency being pleafed alfo to tell the Houfe, that he hath 
no other Controul over the Treafurers than to remove them when it 
hath been fatisfaftorily proved that they have aded inconfiflent with 
their Duty ; and that the Houfe mufl be convinced that Officers of Go- 
•*ernment are not lefs amenable to the Laivs than other Perfons. If fo, 
they hope the Refolution of the late Houfe will be that fatisfa(5Iory 
Proof. If it is not, they beg Leave to refer to the Proofs fo publiflied. 
What his Excellency vieans by " amenable to the Laws'' the Houfe can- 
not fay, for, near the Clofe of his Anfwer, he mentions it to be a Mat- 
ter worthy of mature Confideration, Whether this Negligence laid to his 
Charge can be tried here. That they alfo beg Leave to fay, they do not 
entertain a Doubt but that it may be properly tried in the Colony ; and 
that they are lorry to find the leafl Countenance given to a Suppofition, 
that an Officer who mifbehaves cannot be tried in it ; and that, to get 
Juftice, this Colony mull be reduced to the Neceffity of applying for it 
elfewhere. 

That they have alfo deliberately confidered this Matter, and the bad 
Confequences that mufl enfue frbm its being any longer negle6led, and 
the Danger of an Example of this Nature to the Province in general, 
and think it their Duty humbly to requefl of his Excellency, that he 
would be pleafed to remove the Treafurer from his Office, and that he' 
would be pleafed to put fome other Perfon therein. 

That his Excellency will be pleafed to join in a Law to authorize the 
Treafurer fo to be put into Office, to commence a Suit againfl the now 
Treafurer for tiie Deficiency. And that the Houfe doth give as the 
Reaf(>ns of this their Requefl, that, on a full Inquiry into this Matter 

he ' 



i2th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 77 



he hath been found to be negligent in his Office by the late Houfe 
and that this Negligence hath been detrimental to the Province. That 
they think, if fuch Removal takes Place, a Suit may be eafily pro- 
fecuted againfl: him for fuch Deficiency, and that without it, Difficul- 
ties may occur, through the Means of which, if any Thing Ihould 
happen to defeat the good Intentions of the prefent Houfe, in calling 
him to an Account for that Deficiency, they hope at lead it will not 
be laid to their Charge. 

Or, that if his Excellency fhould difapprove of this Meafure, he 
would be pleafed to point out fome more eligible Methods to obtain this 
defirable End. 

On the Whole — They think this a Matter of moft ferious Impor- 
tance to the Province in general, and that it ought to be fpeedily fet- 
tled by Meafures the moft efli^edual for that Purpofe ; and they rely 
on his Excellency's Afi^urance, that whenever fuclj Meafures are point- 
ed out that "Will anfwer the Purpofe, that he will give his Affiftance 
therein. 

House of Assembly 1 By Order of the Houfe^ 

S^t. i8, 1772. 5 JONA. DEARE, Clerk. 

Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Mehelm and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Engrofi!ed Bill, entitled, A71 A€tfor regulating Roads and Bridges, 
was read and compared ; and, on the Queflion, Whether the fame pafs 
or not ? It was carried as follows, 

NAYS. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Garritfi, 
Mr. Demareft, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Shepfard. 
Mr. fettit. 

Refol'ved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fijloer and Mr. Crane do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. 

Mr. Moores reported, that Mr. Sheppard and himfelf delivered the 
Mefifage with them intrufted to his Excellency, who was pleafed to 
fay he would take the fame into Confideration. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 
Mr. Dey, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, en- 
titled, An A6t for eftablijhing the Boundary or Partition Line betiveen the 
Colonies o/" New-York and New-Jerfey, reported the fame ; which was 
readj U Whereupon 



YEAS. 


YEAS. 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. Laiarence, 


Mr. Pa^fon, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Price, 


Mr. Fijloer, 


Mr. Gibbon, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Dey, 


Mr. Mehelm, 


Mr. Ford, 


Mr. Elmer, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. Van Home, 




Mr. Pettit. 



78 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 

— — . — • ■ — -^ 

Whereupon the Houfe refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on the laid Bill, and after fome Time fpcnt therein, Mr. Speaker 
refumed tlie Chair, and Mr, FiJIjer, Chairman of the Committee, 
reported, that the Committee had made fome Progrefs in the Matters to 
them referred, and defired Leave to fit again. To which the Houle 
agreed. 

James Hiide, Efq. laid before this Houfe a Number of Bills, dated 
March 1737, found by him among the Papers of his Uncle Robert 
Hude, deceased . 
Ordered, 

That Mr. FiJIjer, Mr. Wetheri/l, Mr. Pax/on, and Mr, Price, be a 
Committee to join a Committee of the Council to infpedl and count 
the fame, and inquire into the Circumftances thereof, anci the Ufes for 
which they were printed ; and, if they find Caufe in Conjundlion with 
a Committee of the Council, to burn the fame, and report their Pro- 
ceedings to the Houfe. 
Ordered, 

That Mr, Sheppard and Mr. Van Home do inform the Council thereof, 
and defire them to appoint a Committee for that Purpofe, and to defire 
that they will appoint the Time and Place of Meeting. 

A Meflage from Hi^ Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pett'it. 

Gent/efnen, 

HAVING thought it neceffary to confult His Majefty's Council 
on the two Requefts contained in your MefFage of this Day re- 
fpecling the Eaftern Treafury, they have advifed me to recommend it 
to you to appoint a Committee of your Houfe to meet a Committee of 
the Council in a free Cohferrence on the Subjedl, Jb for as relates to the 
Mode of prof editing the Suit reqiiefed in your Mejfage ; and, as I approve 
of the Propofal of the Council, I accordingly recommend it to you to 
appoint a Committee for the faid Purpofe. 

September 18, 1772. W*-. FRANKLIN. 

Which was read, and thereupon, 

Ordered, 
That Mr. FiJJjer, Mr, Wetherill, Mr, Crafie, Mr. Kitfej, Mr, Price, 
Mr, Tucker, and Mr. Mehebn, be a Committee to meet a Committee of 
the Council on the Subje6l Matter of his Excellency's Meflage.- 
Ordered, 
That Mr, Roy and Mr. Garritfe do wait Upon the Council, and defire 
that they will appoint a Committee of the Council to meet the Com- 
mittee of this Houfe in a free Conferrence on the Subje(5l of his Excel- 
lency's Meflage, and that they will pleafe to appoint the Time and 
Place of Meeting, 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Saturday, S-eptemher 19, 1772. 

* The Houfe met. 

Mr. 



nth G.IU. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 79 



Mr. Sheppard reported, that Mr. Van Home and himfelf deli- 
vered the Meilage with them intrufted to the Speaker of the Council, 
the Council not fitting. 

Mr. Roy reported, that Mr. Garritfe and himfelf delivered the Mef- 
fage with them intrufted to the Speaker of the Council, the Council 
not fitting. 

The Bill, entitled, An A61 more effeclually to fupprefs Immorality ; 
was read the fecond Time, . 
Ordered, 
That the fame be committed to Mr. Elmer and Mr. Sheppard. 

Mr. Mehelm, from the Committee for that Purpofe, brought in a 
Bill, entitled. An Acl for defraying Incidental Charges ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Committee of 
the whole Houfe on the Bill, entitled, An h€i for ejiablijhing the Boundary 
or Partition Line between the Colonies of New-York, and New- Jerfey &c. 
and after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, 
and Mr. FiJJjer, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Com- 
mittee had gone through the faid Bill, and had nvade one Amend- 
ment thereto, which he was ready to report whenever the Houfe will 
pleafe to receive the fame, 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately, 

Whereupon Mr. FifJoer reported the faid Bill and Amendment made 
thereto by the Committee, which Bill being read as amended by the 
Committee, on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill as amended be engrofTed. 

A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Stevens. 

Council-Chamber, Sept. 19, 1772. 
Ordered, 

'~T^ HAT Mr. Stevens do acquaint the Houfe of Aflembly, that their 
-'■ Meffage of Yefterday having been taken into Confideration by 
this Houfe, it is ordered, that Mr. Read and Mr. Stevais be a Commit- 
tee to join a Committee of the Houfe of Affembly to infped and count 
certain Bills of Credit laid before the Houfe of Affembly by James 
Htide, Efq. to inquire into the Circumftances refpeding, and the Ufes 
for wluch the faid Bills were printed, and to bum the fame if the faid 
Committees fhall think it proper, and make report of their Proceedings 
therein to this Houle. 
Ordered alfo, 
Tliat the faid Committees do meet at the Houfe of Mrs. Tharp, at 
Three o'Clock this Afternoon. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, Z>. Clerk. 



8o VOTES, Sac. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



A MefTage from the Council by Mr. Ste^vais. 

Council-Chamber, Sept. 19, 1772. 
Onkred, 

THAT Mr. Stevens do acquaint the Houfe of Aflembly, that their 
MefTage of Yefterday having been taken into Confideration by 
this Houfe, it is ordered, that the Earl of Stirling^ Mr. Read, Mr. Ste- 
vens, and Mr. Coxe, or any three of them, be a Committee to meet a 
Committee of the Houfe of AITembly in a free Conference on the 
Subjecl of his Excellency's MefTage of Yefterday, relative to the Rob- 
bery of the Eaftern Treafury ; and that the faid Committees do meet 
at the Houfe of William Wright, in Perth-Amboy, on Tuefday next, at 
Eleven o'Clock A, M. 

By Order of the Hoife, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 
The Houfe met, and adjourned till Monday Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Monday, September 21, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

And there not being a fufEcient Number of Members to proceed oh 
Bufinefs, 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Elmer, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled, -^h Acl more effeElually to fupprefs Immorality; reported the 
fame with feveral Amendments, and the faid Bill and Amendments 
were read ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be referred to the next Se/Tion. 

A Petition was prefented by Samuel Throckmorton, a Prifbner for Debt 
in the Gaol of Middlefex County, praying a Law for his Relief^ (d>'r- 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Gibbon with Leave brought in a Bill, entitled, A Supplonentary 

Adl to an Ad, entitled. An Adl for the Speedy recoveri7ig of Debts from 

Six Pounds to Ten Pounds, in the Inferior Courts of Common Pleas of this 

Colony, forfmall Fees ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. , 

Tuefday, September 22, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 
The Petition of John Green, a Prifoner for Debt in the Gaol of 

Middlefex, 



12th GAIL WILLIAM FRANKLIN, ^^. Governor. 8i 

Middle/ex, praying a Law for his Relief, <^c. was read the fecond 
Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the faid Petition lie on the Table. 

The Petition of Samuel Throckmorton, a Prifoner for Debt in the 
Gaol of Middle/ex, praying a Law for his Relief, <^c. was read the 
lecond Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition lie on the Table. 

The Bill, entitled, A Supplementary Acl to an A61, entitled, An Adl 
for the Jpeedy reconjering of Debts from Six Pounds to Ten Pounds, &c. 
was read the fecond Time ; on die Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engrolTed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 
The Houfs met. ^ 

The EngrofTed Bill, entitled, A Supplementary Acl to an ASl, entitled. 
An h€tfor the fpeedy recovering of Debts from Six Pounds to Ten Pounds, 
&;c. was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refol'ved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Heivlings and Mr. Van Home do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

A MeiTage from tiie Council by Mr. Parker. 

Council-Chamber, Sept. zi, iTJi. 
Ordered, 
'TpHAT Mr, Parker do acquaint the Houfe of Affembly, that Mr. 
^ Read, one of the Committee appointed on Saturday laft to meet 
a Committee of the Houfe of Aifembly in a free Conference on the 
Subject of his Excellency's Meflage, being indifpofed, and not able to 
attend on the faid Committee, it is ordered that Mr. Stockton be one of 
the faid Committee in the Room of Mr. Read. 

By Order of tlx Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk, 
The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

TVednefday, September 2 5, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 
Mr. Wetherill, from the Committee appointed to meet a Committee 
of the Council to infpecT: the Bills of Credit laid before the Houfe by 
James Hude, Efq. found among the Papers of his Uncle Robert Hude^ 
deceafed, made the following Report, 

X We 



82 VOTES, Sec. of the General Assembly o/^ New-Jersey, 



We the Committees of the Covmcil and Aflembly, appointed to in- 
fpecl the Bills of Credit laid before the Houfe of Allembly by Mr. 
James Hude, proceeded to examine the faid Bills, and find them all 
dated March 25, 1737, Part of them being figned by Ifaac Be Coiv 
and Joh7i Allen, and the Remainder by them and Robert Hude. 

That upon infpedling the laft £. 40,000 Ad, they do find there 
was ordered to be printed [^. 10,000 for exchanging ragged and 
torn Bills, and by the 3 2d Sedion thereof, one Half thereof was to be 
lodged in the Hands of one of the Signers in the Eallern Divifion, 
(not being Treafurer) by him to be figned occafionally, of which the 
Committees have good Reafon to believe the aforefaid Bills are Part, 
and therefore have burned them according to Law, their Amount being 
as follows. 



768 Bills 


of IS. 


814 do. — 


\s.6d 


440 do. — 


3^- 


384 do. ^ 


6s, 


14^. do. 


12S. 


88 do. 


iSs. 


62 do. 


30J. 


24 do. — 


60s. 



Perth-Amboy, Sept. 22, 1772. 

£j Order of the Committees, 



£. 38 : 


8 : 





61 : 


1 : 





66 : 


: 





115 : 


4 : 





86 : 


8 : 





66 : 


: 





P3 : 


: 





72 : 


: 





£. 598 : 


I : 






John Stevens, 
John Wetherill. 



Frederick Van Ripa and Frederick Cadmus attending the Houfe on a 
Petition formerly prefented upon their being left out of the Act of 
Affembly of Neiv-Tork, and the Agent on the Part of the general Pro- 
prietors being alfo called in and heard, and the Bill, entitled, An Adl 
for efablifJjing the Boujidnry or Partition Line betiveen the Colonies of 
New-York, and Nova-Csefarea or New-Jerfey, &c. being read ; on the 
QuciHon, WhetluT the faid Bill do pafs ? It was carried as follows, 



Y 

Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



E A S. 

Welhcrill, 

Laivr:ncc, 

Fijher, 

Deniarefl, 

Ford, 

Winds, 

Paxfon, 



Y E A S. 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Van Home, 
Mr. Pet tit. 



NAYS. 
Mr. Cembi, 
Mr. Moores., 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dey, 



NAYS. 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Henxitingt, 
Gibbon, 
Holme, 
Hand, 
Sheppard. 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



The Votes being equal, Mr. Speaker gave his Voice in the Affirma- 
tive. 

Refol'V£d, » 

That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 



iith G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 83 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fijljer and Mr. Paxfon do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. 

Mr. HeivUngs reported, that Mr. Van Home and himfelf delivered 
the Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Fi/Jier reported, that Mr. Paxfon and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 
The Houle met. 

The Bill, entitled, An A61 for defraying Incidental Charges^ v^as read 
the fecond Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the fame be engroffed. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker, Mr. Fifher, Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Crane, Mr. Rinfey^ 
Mr. HeivUngs, Mr. Price, and Mr. Tucker, be a Committee to corre- 
fpond with the Agent of this Colony, and that not lefs than a Majority 
of the faid Committee do fign any Letter written by tliem. 

• The Houfe adjourned for an Hour. 

The Houfe met. 

A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Stockton. 

Council-Chamber, Sept^ 23, 1772. 
Ordered, 

'Tp'HAT Mr. Stockton do acquaint the Houfe of Affembly, that this 
•*- Houfe has pafTed the Bill, entitled, An Aft to enable the Oivners 
and Pojfejfors of a Tract of Marjlo and Meadoiv at Elfinboroughj <^'c. 
without any Amendment. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTI T, D. Clerk. 

Mr. Fiffjer, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, reported 
as follows. 

We, the Committee appointed by the Houfe of Affembly to confer 
with the Honourable Committee of the Council on the Matter recomr 
mended in the Governor's MefTage of the i8th Inftant, beg Leave to 
report. That your Committee met the aforefaid Committee of the 
Comicil on the 2 2d Inftant, when the Committee of the Council 
propofed, 

That an Information would anfwer the Purpofe of calling the Trca- 
furer to account for the Deficiency of Publick Money faid to be ftoleu 
out of the Treafury. 

That your Committee entered into fome Converfation on the Subjecl 
M?tter of the Propofal, and being of Opinion, that in all Probability 
Difficulties would enfue in fuch Mode of Profecution, and that at beft 
the Method was not fo eligible as the one determined on in the Houfe, 

and 



84 VOTES, &:c. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey, 



and expreiTcd in their Mefliige to the Governor on this Subjecl, could 
not then come to any final Conclufion thereon — but beg Leave to fit 
again if necelVary. 

A MefTage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pcttit, in the 

Words following, 

A Message to the ASSEMBLY. 
Gentlemen, 

IT is feldom that I meet with any Thing which gives me more real 
Uneafinels, than when I find myfelf obliged to fignify my Difap- 
probation of either the Sentiments or Conduct of the Houfe of Rej^re- 
fentatives. I have ever carefully avoided it except where his Majelfy's 
Service, the publick Good, or my own Character made it indifpenlably 
neceflary. The AlFemblies of this Province have always found me 
ready to (Sbligc them in every Requeft which was confiflent with my 
Duty, and I am very fure that it is my Intention that they fliall never 
find me otherwife. The Language of their Addrefles and Meflages 
has often been refpectful and obliging, and the Matter unexceptionable. 
In every Inftance of that kind, their Minutes will fhew that my 
Anfwers have not been deficient either in a proper Return to their 
Complaifance, or in a due Regard to their Sentiments. 

It was not fo much, Gentlemen, the Manner, as Part of tlie MatteV 
of your Meifage of the 12 th Inftant, refpecSting the Robbery of the 
Eaitern Treafury, which gave me Umbrage. Your Requeft that I 
would afford you my Afliftance in bringing that unhappy Affair to a 
juft and final Decilion, was juft and reafonable, and exprelTed with 
becoming Decency. Had you, however, for this Purpole, thought 
proper to fend me a Meifage fetting forth only the Uneafinefs of your 
Conftituents that a Matter of fuch Confequence, as whether the Trea- 
furer was or was not to make good the Deficiency, had remained fb 
long undetermined, and defiring my Aid on the Occafion, my Aniwcr 
could not but have been entirely to your Satisfa(ftion. It is a Point to 
which I never had, nor ever ihall have, the leaft Objedion. But, 
Gentlemen, what I look'd upon as extreiuely imkind and unfair, was, 
that when you undertook to give a Detail of fome of the Tranfactions 
relative to this Affair, previous to )our Application, you fliould omit 
every Circumftance which any ways tended to fet my Conduct, or the 
Conduct of the Treafurer, in a favourable Light. You took not the 
leaft Notice of any Occurrence but the Oath of the Treafurer refpedt- 
ing the Robbery, and the Refblution of the Alfembly in 1770, ex- 
prefhng their Opinion that it happened for Want of that Security and 
Care that was necelfary to keep it in Safet)% This might, ijideed, 
have been I'ulfered to pafs unnoticed, had you only grounded 
your Requeft on it, but you likewife made it the Foundation of what 
I take, and tliink I have fully proved to be an tmjuft Reflection on 
me. Your Vv'ords are, " That notixnthjlanding this Refblution (niean- 
" ing the Refblution in 1770) tho' the Houfe is convinced the Treaf lirer 
" doth not apprehend himfelf accountable for that Sam to the Publick 
*' as in the Treafury, he is Ji'ill continued in Office, the Publick Money 
'■* ftill depends on his Care, and nothinp; has been done to recover the 

" aforefaid 



12th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 85- 



" aforefaid Deficiency." In reply to my Obfervations on this Part of 
your Meflage, you tell me that " you did not imagine any Part of 
" that Meflage infmuated a Charge that could give the leaft Offence, — 
" that you flatter yourfelves when it is coollyxonfidered it will be found 
" to contain nothing that hath a Tendency to infringe that Harmony 
" which at the Beginning of almofl every SefTion I have recommended 
" to the Reprefentatives of the People ;" — and you afterwards tell me, 
that what you mentioned concerning the Treafurer's being Jlill coiiti- 
nited in Office, and Nrjthing being done to recover the Deficiency, was 
not faid " by Way of Complaint, but you think them given as the 
" Reafons of your Application." Is it pofTible, Gentlemen, that you 
have ferioiijly confidered your Meffage, as you tell me, and can yet be 
of Opinion that the Words alluded to contain no Complaint, nor infi- 
nuate any Charge that could give the leall; Offence, or have any Ten- 
dency to infringe the Harmony which ought to fubfift between us ? 
Certainly, if it is ivrong that he fhould be continued in OfEce after 
fuch a Refolution, I am the Perfon who muft neceiTarily be fup- 
pofed mofc to blame on that Account, as his Continuance in OfEce 
fo much depends on my Determination. The " Unealinefs of the Peo- 
ple," and " your Defire to exculpate yourfelves," were what you urged 
in your Meffage as the Reafons of your Application. The Part to which 
I refer muft either mean a Complaint and imply a Charge againfl me, 
or it means nothing. To argue to the contrary can only evince a Want 
of Candour, or a Want of Knowledge. 

But, Gentlemen, if I could poffibly have been led to think that you 
did not intend by your Meffage of the 1 2th Inflant, to infinuate a 
Charge againfl: me, you have, by your laft Meffage, put the Matter 
beyond Difpute. You there tell me exprefsly " you do think that after 
" the Houfe had come to a Refolution that the Money was loft through 
" the Treafurer s Negligence, that he was not a proper Perfon to be con- 
" tinned in Office, and that, as the Minutes were daily laid before me, 
" the Sentiments of the late Houfe might be known as fully without a 
" Requeft to remove him as with one." In another Place you likewife 
obferve " that you cannot help faying that you think a proper Atten- 
" tion has not been paid to this important Matter, but at whofe Door 
" to lay this Fault the Houfe have not prefumed to conclude, and that 
" they think rono-jing a Man from his Office, fo as to hinder his Kegli- 
" gence from doing any Prejudice in future to the Province, is better 
" tlian taking any BondsT After thus intimating that I ought upon 
merely feeing the Refolutions of the Houfe, and without any Requeft, 
to have removed the Treafurer, and that removing a Man from his 
Office is better than taking Bonds, your Pretence that you have not in- 
fmuated any Thing again ft my Condit^, or prefumed to conclude at ijchofe 
Door to lay this Fault, muft appear with a remarkable good Grace in- 
deed ! and of courfe requires no particular lUuftration. 

The Doctrine, however, which it inculcates is deferving of more 
Attention. It feems to me (as you fay on another Occafion) to be 
" inftituted de Noi'O, unknown to and not authorized by Law," 
and that there is not a little " Reafon to difpute the Validity" of 

Y it. 



86 VOTES, Sec. of the General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



it. If a Governor is to remove an OiEcer of Government merely on 
his happening to fee a Refolution on the Minutes of Aflembly, that 
it is tki'ir Opinion he has been negligent in his Duty, and without any 
Addrefs from them for that Purpofe, or their fo much as intimating 
to him that they thought his Negligence had been fuch as to deferve 
lb great a Puniihment, I wonder where the Governor would be able 
to get a Perfon of any Spirit or Character who would fupply the Place 
of fuch Officer. I'or my Part, I fliould moll; heartily defpiie the Man 
who would accept an Office fubjecl to fo difgraceful a Tenure. I 
much queflion whether all the Variety of our Hiftory will affi^rd a An- 
gle Inrtance where a King of Great-Britain, or a Governor in America, 
removed an Officer on liich an Opinion of a Parliament or Alfembly, 
no otherways lignihed, or where any Parliament or Affi^mbly ever ex- 
pected it, or thought it reafonable. 

Should this de novo Doctrine of yours once become eftablifhed, and 
a naerc Opinion, as you contend, ihould be taken as aLjatisJaciory 
Proof it would be in the Power of an Aflembly to turn out any Officer 
in the Government. In this Colony, where you pay the public Officers 
but little Salaries, you may pollibly think you have a Right to treat 
them with as little Ceremony. His Majefty, however, confulting the 
true Interefl: of his Colonies, as well as the Honour of his Officers, has, 
in order to prevent arbitrary Removals, given this Infliruction to his 
Governors, viz. " You iliall not difplace any of the Judges, Juftices, 
" Sheriffs, or other Officers or Minifters in our faid Province, ivithout 
" good andfiifficknt Caufs, to be fignified unto Us, and to our Commif- 
" fioners for Trade and Plantations." This Inftrudlion is wifely 
calculated to guard againil that arbitrary defpotic Temper which fome- 
times actuates Governors, as well as that levelling democratic Difpofi- 
tion which too often prevails in popular AlTemblies. It would be a 
cvirious Reafon to fend to his Majelly and the Board of Trade for the 
Removal of an Officer, tliat the Governor, on looking over the Minutes 
of Aflembly, difcovered that it was their Opi?!ion the Officer had been 
negligent in his Duty, but which Opinion had never been fignified in 
any Way to the Governor ; on the contrary, fo far was he from having 
any Reafon to imagine that they thouglit the Offence deierved a Remov- 
al, the fame Minutes ffiow'd that within two Days after they gave 
that Opinion, they voted him the ufual Salary for the Year enfuing. 
Do you believe that this would be dcem'd a good and Jufficient Caufe by 
his Majefty ? Would you. Gentlemen, if you ffiould only lee on the 
Council Minutes, that it was the Opinion of the Governor and Council 
that the Speaker, or any other Officer of whom you have a Share in 
the Appointment, or any of your Members, had acted improperly in 
their Stations, think llich an Opinion a good and fufficient Caufe for 
the Removal of your Officer, or the Expulfion of your Members ? 
Moft certainly you would not ; you would think the Governor and 
Council void of common Senic ihould they afterwards 'io much as 
intimate that you ought to pay any Regard to it. 

You acknowledge, indeed, " that a Requelt to remove the Trcafurcr 
*' would have been proper, yet voii cannot conceive it to be the Bufi- 

" ncfs 



i2th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 87 



" nefs (ff the AfTembly, on every Occafion, to point out when an Officer 
" fliould be removed." I never told you, Gentlemen, that it was your 
Bufinefs on e'uery Occafton to point out when an OiEcer fliould be remov- 
ed, therefore cannot imagine for what Purpole this is mentioned. But 
when fuch a Requeft is proper, it is certainly the Bufinefs of the AfTem- 
bly to niake it, and if they do not, they have no Bufinefs to complain 
at his Continuance in Office, — But I am to underftand, it feems, that 
this Requefl: would have been made before but " through Tendeniefi' to 
the Treafurer. If that is the Cafe, pray was it not as proper and necef- 
fary that I fliould ihew him Tendernefs as that the Houfe of Reprefen- 
tatives fliould ? If the AfTembly who, as you fay, made " a full, fair and 
" impartial Inquiry into the Situation and Manner the Treafury was 
" kept, with all the Evidences and Circumflances that could be procured 
" to give light into that Matter," thought him notwithftanding fo 
much intitled to their Tendernefs, that they not only would not requeft 
his Removal, but continued to vote him by Name the ufual Salary 
from Year to Year, furely it would have had a very unjuft and partial 
Appearance in a Governor who had only feen " the Affidavits on 
" which, in Part (as you fay) they came to a Determination," had he 
fhown a lefs Degree of Tendernefs — But give me Leave to a£k, What 
new Circumftance has arifen, or what Event has occurred, fince you 
fliow'd him the fame Tendernefs, and voted him the fame Salary as the 
lafl AfTembly did, that fliould make a Continuance of it lefs proper 
now than it was before ? 

Having, I think, fufficiently cleared myfelf from your Infinuations 
and Charges ref peeling my not having before removed the Treafurer, and 
fully fliewn that the Refolution of the AfTembly was not, as you alledge, 
" a fufficient Ground to do fo," I Ihall next proceed to confider your 
other Charge, namely, my not having called the Treafurer to account 
for the Deficiency occafioned by the Robbery of the Treafury. On 
this Head you tell me, " That the Houfe wiflies I had beftowed the 
" fame Attention to call the Treafurer to account for what was paft, as 
" to prevent any future Damage to the Province, — that they cannot 
" help thinking it the mofh material, — .that if it had been attended to 
" properly the Occafion of the MefTage of the 12th Inftant would have 
*' been prevented, — and that they cannot help ohferving that all my 
" Ofers preceding my Anfwer to that MefTage, to take care that the 
" Province fhould not fufter, are calculated for tlie Time to come, or to 
" difcover the Peribii that a6lually perpetrated the Fadl, and not 
" a fFbr^ mentioned of my Inclination to ajjijl in calling the Treafurer 
" to an Account that the Houfe remembers to have feen." Thefe are 
your Words which I have chofen to quote here, as I have done in other 
Places, at large, that I may not be charged with any Mifreprefentation 
of them, tlio' my Meflage, by that Means, is made fo much the longer. 
My Offer was " to concur in any Expedient which could have a Tenden- 
" cy to fecure the Province from the like Difafter in future." If, as the 
AfTembly has declared, the Robbery was occafioned by the Negligence 
of the Treafurer, then certainly the Removal of him from his Office, 
or the calling him to Account, might well be confidered (by the Exam- 
ple 



88 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey, 



pie it would hold out to all fucceeding Treafurers) as having a Tendency 
at lealt to contribute to fecure the Province from the like Difafter in 
future. Should not the Aflembly then have taken Advantage of my 
very general Oiier of Concurrence, and fuggefted one or both of thole 
as the neceflarv Expedients ? Is it not probable that they would have 
done fo, had they thought either of them reafonable ? And is not 
then your Obfervation, that there is " not a Word mentioned of my 
" Inclination to aflill in calling the Treafurer to account" a moll 
unfair Conftruclion of my Offer ? By reftraining the Senfe of it within 
fuch narrow Limits, you furely did not mean to manifefl that you had 
no Difpofition " to infringe that Harmony which at the Beginning of 
the Sellion" you promifed to promote. 

Your Meliage of the 12th Inftant was the firft Application I ever 
received for fuch AiTiftance ; and tho' the evident Intention of that 
Meflage, as well as the one I have now \indcr Confideration, is to 
exculpate the AfFembly from any Remilfnefs, and to throw the whole 
Blame on me, yet I immediately alTur'd yovi of my Readinefs to give 
all the Afliftance in my Power. For me to have taken up the Matter 
without any Application for that Purpofe, when I faw by the Minutes 
that in the annual Settlement of the Accounts with the Treafurer he 
was always charged with that Deficiency, as if it was fo much Money 
in the Treafury, and that there no where appeared any Refufal of his 
to be accountable for that Sum, nor even any formal Demand o^f it 
ever made by the AlTembly ; I lay, fuch being the real Circumflances 
of the Cafe, it would have been extremely improper for me to have 
afted otherwife than I have done ; more elpecially as in my Judicial 
Capacity I may polhbly have the Determination of the Legality of fuch 
Demand. 

As to your Doubts " whether my Care in taking of the Bonds from 
" both of the Trealurers, for the due Performance of their Duty can 
" anfwcr any good Purpofe," they are beft anfwered by another Doubt, 
which is. Whether there is a Lawyer in the Province who has any 
Knowledge in his Profeflion, and any Regard for his Characler, who 
would give it under his Hand that fuch Bonds are not valid I A more 
formal Opinion on the Point cannot be expected from me, as it may 
happen to come before me in a judicial Way. I never had any Ob- 
iedtion to palfuig a Law to authorize or require the Taking of fuch 
Bonds, but as the Council and Ailembly could not agree on a Bill 
prefcribing the Mode of taking the Security, and as I thought fome 
Security ouglit to be taken, I mentioiiied my Sentiments to the Treafu- 
rers, who both of them immediately, of their onvn Accord, cnttvedmXo 
Bonds with fufficicnt Sxu-etics to the lame Amount, and on the like 
Conditions, as mentioned in the Bill palled by the AlTembly ; which 
Bonds I ordered to be depofited among the Records in the Secretary's 
Office, and acquainted the Houfe by Meflage with what I had done j 
who I believe were plcafed with it, at leaft I had never any Reafon to 
think the contrarv. But Ihould the Validity of them be hereafter 
difputed, nay Ihould they even be adjudged void (which in all Probabi- 
lity can never be the Cafe in any Court of Equity, whatever might 

happen 



nth G.III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Ef^. Governor. 89 



happen to be the Determination in a Court of Law) yet furely my 
Care on the Occafion rather deferved the Thanks of your Houfe than 
otherwile. 

You do not, you fay, " conceive it to be quite Parhamentary to 
*' receive any Information but from the Votes or Meflages of the Houfe." 
This Pofition, in a general Senfe, is right. But when a Houfe adts in 
fo unparliamentary a Way as not to have all the Votes which paffed in a 
Committee of the tvhole Houfe faithfully reported, and fairly entered on 
their Minutes, it cannot then be any Breach of the Rules of Parliament 
for one in my Station to obtain Information of them in fome other 
Way, and take that Notice of them which their Nature may require. 
If this was not allowable, the worft of Confequences might enfue. 
Votes of the moft treafonable and unconftltutional Nature might pafs in 
fuch a Committee, and Meaiiires might be taken in Purfuance of them, 
without the Governor's having it in his Power to make any timely 
Oppofition to their Defigns. The Vote I mentioned in my Meffage, you 
acknoivledge did pafs in the Committee of the ivhole Hoife. Pray, how 
came it then not to be reported as it ought to have been ? Whenever a 
Houfe omits making fiich Report, their Condudl is not only unparliamen- 
tary^ but has an exceeding had Afpe£i. — But, fetting this afide, If you 
will alTert Things with refpecl to my publick Conduct to your Houfe, 
contrary to or not warranted by what actually appears on the Minutes 
of your Proceedings, furely I am far more jufhifiable when, in order to 
vindicate myfelf from your Charges, I take Notice of your real Tranf- 
acftions, tho' you may not have thought proper to let them appear on 
your Minutes. — How I came by my Information is a Matter of no 
Confequence. To imagine I could be ignorant of what had been the 
Subje(5t of ,Converfation in all Companies, would be abfurd in the 
highefl Degree, It is true there is Danger, as you obferve, of admitting 
" tlie vague Reports of People out of Doors," yet you muft allow that 
the beft Way of preventing that Danger, is to record faithfully all the 
Tranfadtions of the Houfe. You fay the propofed Refolve was " not 
" rejedled as unjufl''' and I fliall not dlfpute that Point with you, tho' 
it is generally underftood that the Members who oppofed its Pafling 
reprefented it as fuch. If you really thought it j'«/?, the Reafons you 
have affigned feem hardly lufficlent to have occafioned its Rejedtion. 

You affect, Gentlemen, to be at a lofs to know what I mean by fay- 
ing, that " Officers of Government are not lefs amenable to the Laws 
" than other Perfons." And the Reafon you give for your Puzzle is, 
that " near the Clofe of my Anfwer I mention it as a Matter worthy of 
" mature Confideration ivhethcr this Negligence laid to his Charge can 
" be tried here." Now my Words are, " Whether the Treafurer is 
" liable by Law to make good the Sum flolen out of the Treafury, 
" and whether the Matter can be properly tried in this Province where 
" every Freeholder may be confidered in fome Meafure as a Party, are 
" Quellions which require mature Confideration." Had you honeftly 
ftated thefe Quefllons in their own proper Language, and not left out 
the Reafon which I affigned for the latter, there would not appear the 
lead Foundation for your feeming Difficult)', nor for your pathetic De- 

2^ clamation 



90 VOTES, &c. of the Gknfral AssE^rBLY 0/ New-Jersey. 



clamation about being reduced to the Neceflity of applying ellewhere for 
jullice, &:c. — This Mode of Argument is what, I luppofe, Lawyers call 
Puzzlni^ the Caufe, and as it has often been pradiled at the Bar with 
Succcr? there is the more Encouragement to introduce it into your 
honourable Houfe. It will ferve likewile to evince what you tell mc 
cUewhere, " that none of the Houfe have been ufed to.Controi'crfy, and 
'' they heartily •«''//; to u-coui it," which, by the Bye, as there arc 
among vou fome Gentlemen bred to the Law, and who have been long 
and llLill are in the Practice of it, is not a little lingular. 

I have now, I believe, given a particvdar Anfwer to the moft material 
Obfervations contained in your Mellage, and have only to acquaint you 
with my Sentiments and Determination relpeding your Rcqueils, that I 
would remove the Treafurer from his Office, ami concur in Ibme Mea- 
furc with you for calling him to an Account for the Deficiency. To 
the latter, I have already told you that I have not any Objeclion ; and 
at mv Dehre a Committee of both Houlcs has been appointed to confer 
on tlic proper Mode for bringing this Matter to a legal Decifion. For 
tho' vou arc pleaied to (iiy that " you do not entertain a Doubt but 
'* that it may be properly tried in the Qilony," yet there are Gentle- 
men of perhaps equal Skill in the Laws with any Members of your 
Houfe, who are modefl: enough to acknowledge that they very much 
doubt whether it will be prac'ticable to inrtitute a Suit, in a Cafe thus 
particularly circumllancetl, lb as not to be liable to do fome Injurtice 
cither to the Treafurer or to the Colony, or that ihall not be a Deviation 
from, or an Infringeiiicnt of the known Laws of the Land. I mull 
confels that tho' I have heard luany F.xpedients fuggefted for getting 
over this Dltliculty, yet there are none of them but in my Opinion 
are fubjecT; to fome Exceptions. The Treafurer has fignitiad to me his 
Williu'i-nefs to llibmit the Matter to any realbnabie Mode of Decifion, 
.lud I iball be happv if the Committees agree upon one that will be 
the leall liable to do Injullicc to either Part)-. He requelts, however, 
that he may not be removed until the Afflilr in Difpute is decided, as 
fuch Removal cannot fail to bias the Minds of Men already too much 
prejudiced bv the Reports which have been circulated to his Difad- 
vaiuage. His Requeil appears to me to be reafonable, and I do not 
recollecl anv Inftance (tho' j-ierhaps there may be fome, but I am here 
without Books^ where the King has ever removed an Officer on an Ad- 
drefs of the Houfe oi Commons, till he had received a Trial for the 
Mifdcmeanors laid to his Charge. I remember, indeed, to have read that 
in King William's Time the Commons addrcifed his Majelly to remove 
from his Ct>uncils and Prdencc forever, Lord Somers and fome other 
Lords, and afterwards imjxiachetl each of them of high Crimes and Mif- 
dcmeanors. But on the other Hand the Lords addreflcd his Majefty, 
that he would piifs no CenjUre upon any of them until Judgn^cnt -was 
^i'ircn a'^ainQ them upon the ImpCiwhwents ; with which the King com- 
plied. There can be no Doubt but it relied entirely in tlie Bread of 
His Majelly to determine which Reqiieft fliould be granted ; but which 
was the nioll juil and equitable is the proper Matter for our Confidera- 
tlon. — The Prejudices of a Juryman may not, perhaps, la the ftricl Eye of 

the 



izth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 91 



the Law, appear a fufficient Inducement for letting him afide, tho' his 
having an Intereft in the Matter in Difpute would. Yet, in the milder 
Eye of Equity, the Influence of the former often appears equal to that 
of the latter. What then muft that Man's Cafe be where both arc 
known to operate with united Force againft; him ? Tlie remotcfl poflible 
Intereft has often been declared by the moft learned Judges in England, 
as a fufficient Reafon why Judges fliould not fit upon, or Juries try 
Caufes in that Kingdom. Is there not the fame Jultice due to every 
Individual in this Province ? Far, however, am I from giving, as you 
charge me, " the Icaft Countenance to a Suppoiition that an Odiccr who 
*' mil behaves cannot be tried in this Province." It is not the mere 
Mifbehaviour of an Officer that is the Point in Qucftion. There are 
many Kinds of Mifbehaviour for which an Officer may be tried at any 
Time, as well as any other Perlbn. It is a Matter of Property which is in 
Difpute, and whether by the Laws of the Country a Sum of Money ac- 
knowledged to be ftolcn from a certain Individual Ihall fall to his Lofs or 
to that of others. Whether that Individual is an Officer of Government 
or not, nowife alters tlie Cafe. The particular Circumftances of it 
Ihould only be conlidered, and if any Method can be devifcd for com- 
ing at fair and impartial Juftice, it fliould be adminiftered without 
Refpecl of Perfons. My gracious Maftcr has directed mc, " to take 
*' Care that no Man's Life, Member, Freehold or Goods be taken away 
" or harmed in this Province, otherwife than by eftabliflied and 
" known Laws, not repugnant to, but as much as may be agreeable 
*' to the Laws of Englajid." An Injunclion as wife as it is juft, and 
which ought to be a Rule of every Governor's Conduci whether 
enjoined or not. 

Your Requeft for a previous Removal has embarrafled me greatly. 
On the one Hand,' I cannot but coafider the Removal of a Pcrfon from 
his Office, before the Offence laid to his Charge has been latisfaclorily 
proved upon him, as not founded on that Juftice which every Man, 
were it his own Cafe, would think due to himfelf. Your Hopes " that 
*' the Refolution of the late Houfe will be that fatisfadory Proof," and 
your Requeft that if it is not, I would " refer to the Proofs fo publilh- 
•' ed," are indeed very extraordinary. To admit a Refolution, con- 
taining a mere Opinion of an AfTembly, as ^ fufficient Proof to deprive 
anv Subjecl even of the Value of Six-pence, much more an Office of 
Importance, feems to be the Height of Injuftice. The original Affida- 
vits (not the publilhed Copies) ought indeed to have fome Weight fo far 
as thev are to the Pomt and have been properly taken. But I prefume 
it is not proper for me now to decide, on that or any other Evidence, 
whether he has been guilty of fuch Negligence as is laid to his Charge, 
as that would be, in a Manner, determining the Merits of the Cafe — 
the xtry Point in Difpule vv'hich may ere long be brought before me for 

a legal Decifion. On the other Hand, 1 confider that if the Treafu- 

ry ihould again happen to be robbed, or the public Money by any Ac- 
cident happen to be loft, tho' the Treafurcr had taken every Precaution 
to prevent it which human Forenght could fuggcft, yet I ffiould be cer- 
tainly cenfured for not having complied with tlie Requeft of the AITem- 

* bly 



02 VOTES, 8cc. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



bly who thought theTreafury not fafe m his Hands, In this Dilemma 
I have had Recourfe to the Advice of His Majefty's Council for this 
Province, who are at leall equally interefled in this Matter with you or 
any other of the Inhabitants, but whofe Characlers are too well knovrn 
to admit of a Suppofition of their acbng by any improper Bias. What- 
ever their Determination may be with Regard to the Removal of the 
Treafurer, by that fhall I be governed. I have no Attachments, Gen- 
tlemen, that can come in Competition with my Duty to the Publick. 
It is a Matter of Indifference to me who fills the OiEce of Treafurer, or 
any other Office, provided he be a Man of Character, and of Abihties 
adequate to his Employment. All I mean by my Oppofition to your 
Sentiments is, that comm.on Juftice may be done to all Men, and that 
a Precedent may not be eftablilhed which may hereafter be attended 
with worfe Confequences to the Community than the Lofs of m.any 
Times the Sum robbed from the Treafury. 

Before I conclude, give me Leave to tell you ferioufly, Gentlemen, 
tliat if you heartily wilhed to avoid Controverfy, you fhould not have 
fuffered that Paragraph in your Meffage of the 12th Inftant, which in- 
finuated a Refledion on me for continuing the Treafurer in Office, to 
have been inferted. Or, if it paffed thro' Inadvertency, and you were 
confcious no Reflection was intended againft my Conduct, you fliould 
candidly have acknowledged it in your laft Meffage. This would have 
done you Credit ; for it is not fo much the committing, as the perfe- 
vering in an Error when difcovered which is difhonourable. But you 
have acted a contrary Part by me. If the Refledion in the firfl Mef- 
fage was accidental, it is defigned in the fecond, and Reafons urged in 
Support of it. Had it been otherwife, my Meffage to you at this Time, 
would have been very Ihort and probably not unfatisfadory. But I 
muff have been deemed miworthy the Rank I hold, and not poffeffed of 
a Grain of Spirit, had I not refented fuch imjufl Accufations. Contro- 
verfy is, however, really difagreeable to me ; and tho' I never feek it, 
yet I never avoid it where it is neceffary to my Charader, let the Con- 
fequences be what they may. And I now think it proper to tell you. 
Gentlemen, once for all, that you will ever find me ready to obhgeyou 
and ferve the Province, as far as may be in my Power ; but that as I 
never have, fo I never will fuffer any Man, or Body of Men, in Stati- 
ons fo refpedtable as yours, to pafs an unmerited Cenfure on my Pub- 
lick Conduct, without endeavouring to do myfelf Juftice. 

Sept.zz, 1772. W". FRANKLIN. 

Which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Thitrfday, September 24, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

His Excellency's Meffage of Yefterday, relative to the Treafury, was 
read the fecond Time, • 

Ordered, 



i^th G. m. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 93 



Ordered, 
That the fame be committed to a Committee of the whole Houfe. 

The EngrofFed Bill, entitled, An Ad: for defraying Incidental Charges, 
was read and compared ; on the Quellion, 
Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered^ 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr, Winds and Mr. Mehehn do cany the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Houfe, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Committee of 
the whole Houfe on his Excellency's Meffage of Yefterday relative to 
the Treafury, and after fome Time fpent therein Mr. Speaker refumed 
the Chair, and Mr. Fifloer, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that 
the Committee had gone through the Matter to them referred, and 
come to one Refolution, which he was ready to report whenever tha 
Houfe would pleafe to receive the fame, 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. FifJjer reported the Refolution of die Committee as 
follows, 

Refolved, 

That a Meffage be fent to his Excellency in Anfwer to his Meffage of 
Yefterday refpecSing the Treafury : To which the Houfe agreed. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Crane, Mr. Paxfon, Mr. Sheppard, and 
Mr. Mehehn, be a Committee to prepare the Draught of a Meffage 
accordingly. 

A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Parker. 

Council-Chamber, Sept. 24, 1772. 
Ordered, 

'T~^H AT Mr. Parker do acquaint the Houfe of Affembly, that the 
-^ Bill, entitled, An Adl for infpeciing and culling Staves, &c. has 
paffed this Houfe without any Amendment. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

Mr. Winds reported, that Mr. Mehehn and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them Intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met, 
And adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

A a Friday, 



94 



VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey, 



Friday, September 25, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Kinfcr, from the Committee appointed to prepare and bring in 
the Draught of a Melfage to his Excellency, in Anfwcr to his Melfagc 
of the 23d Inftant, relative to the Treafury, brought in a Draught ac- 
cordingly, which was read ; and after fome Debate thereon, on the 
(^ueftion, Whether the fame be engroifed or not ? It pafled in the Af- 
firmative. 



YEAS. 


YEAS. 


YEAS. 


YEAS. 


N A Y S. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. He'wliiigs, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Wcthcrill, 


Mr. Carrilfe, 


Mr. Paxfon, 


Mr. Mehelm, ■ 


Mr. Demarejl, 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. Fijher, 


Mr. Price, 


Mr. Sheppard, 


Mr. Yard, 


Mr. Tr.ylor, 


Mr. Dey, 


Mr. Holme, 


Mr. Elmer, 


Mr. Winds, 


ilr. Lawrence, 


Mr. Khifey, 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Vau Home. 


Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Pcltit. 



Ordered, 
That the fime be engroffed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. 

The Houfe met. 



ill 



A Memorial was prcfented to the Houfe by Stephen Skinner^ Efq. 
Treafurer of the Eaftern Divifion, fetting forth his Defire that the Defici- 
ency occafioned by the Robbery of the Treafury, fliould be fpeedily fet- 
tled, and that he is ready to appear to a Suit to be brought for that 
Purpofe ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Engroffed MefTage to his Excellency, in Anfwer to his MefTage 
of the 23d Inftant, was read and compared, and is as follows, 

Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Tucker and Mr, FJmer do wait on his Excellency 
and inform him, that the Houfe have taken into Confideration 
his Excellency's Meffage of the Twenty-third Inftant. 

That the Houfe are far from diflionourably perfifting in an Error, 
knowint^ it to be fo, that they do aifure him they ftill entertain the 
fame Opinion, 

That while the Governor is pleafed to think they want Candour, no 
further Sentiments from them will be of Service to effecft the Purpofe 
of bringing this Matter to a jn'oper Determination. 

That as his Excellency's Meffage is fo remarkably long, they do not 
thiixk it proper to enter into a particular Anfwer, and they choofe to 
ihow by their Condu6l as well as profefs, " that they prefer the Pub- 
lick Good to every other Conlideration." 

That they are lorry to find Relie(flions fliould have a Place in his lafi: 
Meffage ; but that as he is pleafed to defcend to Infinuations, pointed 
either at a particvlar Per/on or Profeffion, tho' thefe may have " cfcea 
been pradifed with Succefs" in other Places, yet they clioofc to leave him 
alone the Honour of introducing in a D^-bate between the Governor and 
Affembly i^o polite and convincing an Argument, and " which muft 
*' appear with fo remarkable good Grace indeed, and of Courfe requires 
** no particular lUuftration." 

That 



i2th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 9s 



That as the Refokition of the late Ho«fe, after a very careful Inqui- 
ry, is looked on as mere Opinion, deferving of little Regard ; and 
as his Excellency is pleafed to pay fo little to the Opinion of the prefent 
Aflembly in a Point they conceive of fb much Importance and fo necef- 
fary to the Peace of the Colony ; as they cannot lee any other Mode to 
be fo eligible as that exprefled in their lafl Meflage ; and as they fee no 
Kind of Probability of altering their Sentiments, they think it un- 
neceffary to fpend their Time and the Publick Money in Altercations 
that give fo little Profpecft of doing any Service to their Conftituents. 

That when his Excellency can undertake to juflify his taking Notice 
of what pafl'ed in a Committee of the Houle, in which a Motion was 
determined in the Negative, and for that Reafon they humbly appre- 
hend improper to be taken Notice of at all, can infinuate that the 
Houfe doth not have all their Votes faithfully entered, and can fuggeft 
as an Argument the PofTibility " That if the firft was not allowable, 
" the word of Confequences might enfue, Votes of a treafonahle and 
" iinconjlitutional Nature might be taken in Purfuance of them with- 
" out the Governor's having it in his Power to make any timely Oppo- 
" fition to their Defigas" — and that " this Behaviour of the Houfe has 
*' an exceeding had Aj'peEi" they think it Time they fliould cloie the pre- 
fent Controverfy, leil, on fhowing a Refentment they conceive proper 
to Suppoiitions fo remarkable, they might be induced to forget that 
Decency which is due to the Commilhon of a King, under whofe 
Government they think it an Honour and Happinefs to live. 

That to whom the Appointment of a Treafurer of Right belongs 
they will not at prefeut determine : They have heard a Difpute not long 
fince arofe in the Colony of Nenv-Tork on this Subjed:, and that the 
IlTue of fuch Difpute was the AfTembly's obtaining the Appointment or 
Nomination of that Treafurer, and that this continues fo to this prefent 
Time. 

That however this may be, it feems to them quite proper, that, as 
in cafe of a Deficiency of the Treafury, the People will be applied to 
to make it good, if it cannot be had from the Treafurer ; and as any 
Negligence in future will in all Probability end to the Detriment of the 
Province, they conceive a peculiar Attention ought to be paid to the 
Inclinations of the People, as well with refpect to his Nomination, as 
the Continuance of him in OfEce ; and how his Excellency can fuppofe 
this Houfe will in future raife Money and put it in die Care of the 
Eaftern Treafurer, who hath been found fo negligent of his Duty, they 
cannot poflibly imagine. 

That when his Excellency's Expreflions in his laft MefTage are confi- 
dered, " That when you undertook to give a Detail of fome of the 
" Tranfaclions relative to the Affair previous to your Application, you 
" fhould omit every Circumftance wliich any Way tended to fet my 
" ConducT:, or that of the Treafurer, in a favourable Light ;" and when 
the Sentiments relative to Juries therein mentioned are attended to, 
there cannot be the leaft Doubt how he would have the laft applied, 
and pretty fully explain the Purpofe, and to what End his Infinuation 
is made, that the Meflage of the twelfth Inftant was intended to throw 

all 



96 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



y 



all the Blame on him : But to perfevere in this, when the Houfe had 
ceclared politlvely that they did not intend to give Offence, tliey beg 
Leave to lav is at leall unkind. 

On the whole, as the Houfe flill fee no Reafon to alter their Opinion 
on what ought to be done in the prefent Cafe, as his Excellency, after 
giving his own Opinion that a Compliance with the humble Requcft of 
the Houfe would be the Height of Injuftice, tells them that he will or 
has applied to the Honourable the Council for their Opinion, by which 
he will be governed, any further Difpute can be of no Service on this 
Subjedl. — The Houle muft leave him to purfue fuch Methods to fatisfy 
the Publick as the Station he fills in this Province calls on him to do, 
or any Determination he may think proper to come to — they can take 
no Part in fuch Profecution, and fhall not look on themfelves as an- 
fwerable for the Confequences. 
r-, c K -, -Sj' Order of the Houfe, 

House of Assembly, 7 j j ^ ^ 

Sfp,. 25, 1772. 5 JON A. DEAR E, Clerk. 

Mr. Tucker reported, that Mr. Ehner and himfelf delivered the Mef- 
fage with them intruded to his Excellency, who was pleafed to fay 
the Houfe ihould hear from him. 

A Meflfage from the Council, by Mr. Stockton. 

Council-Chamber, Sept. 25, 1772. 
Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Stockton do carry to the Houfe of Aflembly the Re-en- 
grolfed Bill, with the Amendments of that Houfe, entitled, Aa 
A(5l to regulate the Praclice of Fhyfic and Surgery, 'within the Colony 
of New-Jerfey. 

■ By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

The Bill Re-engroITed, entitled, An Aa to regulate the Prailice of 
Ph)fic, &c. fent down by the Council, with the Amendments made 
thereto by this Houfe, being read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Tucker and Mr. Heivlings do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council. 

A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Stevens. 

Council-Cha7nber, Sept. 2^, 1772. 
Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Stevens do acquaint the Houfe of AfTembly, that the 
Bill, entitled, An Acl for efablifjing the Boundary or Partition 
Line betvoeen the Colonies of New-York and New-Jcrfey, 6t. and the 
Bill, entitled, An A(fl for defraying Incidental Charges, have paifed the 
Council without any Amendment. 

By Order of the Horfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 



I2^;&G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, J^Ty. Governor. 97 

A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Stockton. 

Council-Chamber, Sept. 25, 1772. 
Ordered, 
'"p HAT Mr. Stockton do carry the Bill, entitled, An Acl for clear- 
^ ing and remo'uing the federal Objlruclions of the free Courfe of the 
Waters in Paflaick River, &.c. with the Amendments thereto annexed, 
to the Houfe of Aflembly, and defire their Concurrence in the laid 
Amendments. 

Ordered alfo. 
That Mr. Stockton do acquaint the Houfe of Aflembly, that the Bill, 
entitled, A Supplementary Adt to an Act, entitled. An Adt for the fpeedy 
recovering of Debts from Six Pounds to Ten Pounds, o'f. has paffed 
this Houfe without any Amendment. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

The Bill, entitled. An A(5l for clearing and removing the fever al Oh- 
fruciions of the free Courfe of the Waters in Paflaick River, ^r. was 
read with the Amendments made thereto by the Council, in their Pla- 
ces ; and, on the Queflion, the Houfe agreed to the Council's Amend- 
m.ents. 

Ordered, 
That the faid Bill, with the Amendments, be re-engrofled, 

Mr. Tucker reported, that Mr, Heivlings and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Ordered, 
That the Printer appointed by this Houfe to print the Votes ' do 
print 596 Sets of the Votes of this Houfe, and fend 22 to the Trea- 
furer of the Eaftern Divifion and 22 to the Treafurer of the Weftern 
Divilion, to be diftributed as follows, 



To the Governor 


8 


Clerks of the Houfe, for 


Each of the Council 


2 


the Ufe of the Houfe, 


Agent 


6 


each Clerk 2, 4 


And that the Printer deliver to 


the Members of the Houfe, or th( 


Order, as follows. 






For Perth-Amboy 

Middlefex 

. Monmouth 


15 

40 

60 


Gloucejler 40 
Salem 40 
Cumberland 36 


Effex 

So7?ierfet 

Bergen 

City of Bur Big ton 

County of Burlington 


40 
40 
30 

I J)' 

40 


Cape-May 23 
Hunterdon 63 
Morris 40 
SuJ/ex 30 



Ordered alfo. 
That the Printer do forthwith print 586 Copies of the Laws, which 
may be pafTed this Sefhon, and fend 552, as foon as poffible, to the 
leveral Members of this Houfe. • 

Bb * For 



n8 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly <?/" New-Jersey. 



VorxheVkof Perth-Ainboj 8. Gloucejler 41 

Muldkfex 40 Salem 49 

Monmouth 47 Cumberland 36 

Ejcx 3<> Cape-May 24 

Sofnerfet 45* Mntenlon S9 

Bergen 3^ Morris 30 

City of Burlington 8 S'«#-v 40 

County of ^«/-//'«j/(3?z 53 , 

To be diftributed in each County as follows, 

To the Members, each i CoUedors of each Precindl i 

Clerk of the County 1 AfTeffors, each i 

Clerk of each Precind i Clerk of each Corporation i 

Mayors, each i Hrft Judge of each County i 

CoUetlor of each County i Each Juftice of the Peace i 
Which faid feveral Laws are to be left in the Hands of the refpective 
Members, to be delivered, when called for, to the refpedlive Perfons to 
whom they belong. 

And the Printer fluall fend the Remainder to either of the Treafurers, 
to be given as follows, 

To the Governor 4 Attorney-General I 

Each of the Council I Clerks of the Houfe, each I 

Each Judge of the Su- The Agent 4 

preme Court i Tlie Clerks of the Houfe, 

Clerk of faid Court, for for the Ufe of the Houfe, 

each Office, i each Clerk 2, 4 

Trealiirers, each i 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Saturday, September 26, 1772. 

The Houfe met. 
The Memorial of Stephen Skinner, Efq. Treafurer of the Eaftern Di- 
vifion, prefented to the Houfe Yeflerday, was read the fecond Time, 
and is as follows, 

To the Honourable the Houfe of Reprefcntatives, of the Colony of 
NeiV'Jeifej, in General x^lTembly met. 

The MEMORIAL of S t e p h e n Skinner, Treafurer of the 

Eaftern Divifion, 

Sheit'eth, 

THAT vour Memorialift hath long expedlcd and defired that the 
Deficiency occafioned by the Robbery of the Treafury Ihould 
be fettled, by a fair and iinpartial Determination according to the 
Laws of the Land : That he is very uneafy the Matter has been fo 
long delayed ; and prays that this Houfe will not defer it any longer, 
but refolvc on a Suit, to whicli he is ready and dcfirous to appear, 
and ftand or fall by an impartial Verdid of the Country. 

Perth-Amboy, l S t E P H E N Sk i N N E R. 

Sept. 25, 1772. 5 



12th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 99 



Whereupon, after feme Debate, 
Rejol'ued^ 

That it is the Opinion of this Houle, that having fent a MefTage 

to his Excellency on the Subjed; of pro fecu ting the Eaftern Trea- 

furer, and therein pointed out the only Mode of Profecution this Houle 

can as yet fee eligible, — in doing this they conceive they have done 

what appears to them to be their Duty at this Time in the Matter ; 

YEAS. YEAS. YEAS. NAYS. 

Mr. Cembs, Mr. Dei, Mr. Tuchr, Mr. Fijher, 

Mr. Welkerill, Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Mehelm, Mr. Roy, 

Mr. Moores, Mr. Heivlh'.gs, Mr. Sheppard, Mr. De?narejf, 

Mr. Taylor, Mr. Paxfofi, Mr. Elmer, Mr. Ford, 

Mr. Laivr^nce, Mr. Price, Mr. FaK Home, Mr. IVinds, 

Mr. Crane, Mr. Holme, Mr. Pettit. Mr, Cibbon. 

Mr. Garrilfe, Mr. Hand, 

The Bill re-engrofled with the Council's Amendments, entitled. An 
hStfor clearing and removing the fever al Ohjiruciions of the free Courfe of 
the Waters in PafTaick River, 8cc. was read and compared ; on the 
Queflion, 

Ordet'*&d, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Ford and Mr. Demarefl do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fifljer and Mr. Wetherill do go to the Council and defire 
to know if they have any further Bufmefs before them, if not, that 
the Houfe intend to apply to his Excellency for a DifmifTion. 
The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

Mr, Ford reported, that Mr. Demarefl and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intruded to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Fijher reported, that Mr. Wetherill and himfelf went to the 
Council according to Order, who faid they had nothing before them. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Crane and Mr. Paxfon do wait upon his Excellency and 
acquaint him, that the Houfe have gone through the Bufinefs before 
them, and defire that his Excellency will pleafe to difmifs them. 

Mr. Crane reported, that Mr. Paxfon and himfelf waited on his 
Excellency according to Order, who was pleafed to fay the Houfe 
fliould hear from him prefently. 

A Meffage from his Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

A Message to the ASSEMBLY. 

Gentlemen, 

YOUR Anfwcr to my laft Meflagc takes Notice of fome of the 
moft immaterial Points which have been agitated between us, 
but is either entirely filent or but flightly touches upon tliofe of the moft 
Importance. The Reafon you give for not thinking it " proper to 

" enter 



loo VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly f?/" New-Jersey, 



" enter into a particvilar Anfwer" is 1 e:aufe " my MeTage is fo rcmark- 
" ably long." An Excufe as remarkable as it is new. If the Porti- 
ons I advanced, or the Arguments I urged in Support of them, are not 
well founded, the Duty you owe to the Publick Ihould have induced 
you, in a Matter of fuch Confequence, to point out their Defeds tho' 
they had been ever fo numerous or ever fo lengthy. If, on the other 
Hand, you thought them jufl and proper, your acknowledging them 
ib would have been a ftrongcr Proof that you do not " want Candour" 
than any AfTertion of your own. — The Reafon v,-hy my Mellage hap- 
pened to be fo long, was mentioned in it. I thought it my Duty to 
cpote your Expreflions fairly and at full Length, that every one might 
judge of the Propriety of my Remarks upon them. Had I, indeed, fol- 
lowed your Example, by inferting a Line of my own inftead of feveral 
Sentences of yours, and contented myfelf with -writing againjl, inftead 
of anjzvering your MelTlige, I might have made mine as fhort and as 
little to the Purpofe as any I have been favoured with from your Houfe. 
The ftji Point which you have thought proper to animadvert upon, 
in order to ihew that you prefer the publick Good to every other Conlide- 
ration, is what in one Place you call Refe6iions, in another Lifinuatiovs, 
and in another an Argmnetit " pointed either at a particular Per/on or 
Profejjion. It is not impoffible but that I may have thrown out an Ob- 
iervation or two which Ibme particular Perfon may have apphed to him- 
felf from a Concioufnefs of his having unneceffarily, and without Pro- 
vocation, been the Caufe of unjuft Rededions and Infinuations (I can- 
not fay Argument) againft my publick Condud. But I do deny that 
my Mefiage contains any Thing which by a fair Conftrudion can be 
faid to be either a Refledion, Inluiuation, or Argument againft any par- 
ticular Man or Profeliion whatever. 

I fliall now proceed to the Confideration of your next Paragraph. 
The Refolution of the late Houfe, to which you refer, can be confider- 
ed in no other Light than as a 7nere Opinion. It is exprcfsly declared to 
he fo in the Relblve itlelf. 1 have knov/n the fame Aftembly to alter 
its Opinion in the fame Selhon, and with good Reafon. It fcems by 
your Minutes tb.at you have founded your Sentiments on this inipor- 
tant Matter entirely on the Opinion of the late Houfe, as if an 
Opinion of an Aiiembly once given muft ever be deemed an in- 
fallible and implicit Rule of Condud to their Succeflbrs. Had you, 
however, before you f ent me yom- Melfage on the Subjed, thought pro- 
per to make as " careful an Inquiry" into the Matter as you fay was 
done by the late Alfembly, you might, perhaps, have had Reafon to 
think that Opinion ill founded. — As to your not feeing " any other 
" Mode to be lb eligible as that exprelfed in your laft Meffage," it is no 
Fault of mine. The Objedions which occurred to me againft it, I told 
yo\i lioneftly and plainly, and if you can anfwer them I wifli you 
would give me that Satisfadion. But, Gentlemen, you know that as 
every Mode which had been pointed out appeared to me liable to fome 
Objedion, I req;iefted that a Committee of both Houfes might meet in 
a free Conference on the Subjed. Whatever Mode fiich a Committee 
could agree upon, and the two Koufes would recommend to me, I was 

and 



izth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor, loi 



and ftill am ready to adopt. It is true you did appoint a Committee, 
but inftead of meeting to confer freely and to determine on that Mode 
which fhould appear the lead liable to Exceptions, they declared them- 
felves bound by the Sentiments of the Houie with refpedl to the previ- 
ous Removal of the Treafurer, and in a Manner made that the fine 
qua non of any Confideration about the Mode of inflituting a Suit 
againft him. In fliort, if your Determination is not implicitly complied 
with, you feem to be very indifferent whether the Treafurer is called to 
an Account or not. 

You next find Fault with my juflifying myfelf for taking Notice of 
a Vote which pafTed in a Committee of the whole Houfe ; and in Ex- 
cufe for its not appearing on your Minutes, you fay that you " ^p- 
" prehend when a Motion is determined in the Negative it is improper 
*' to be taken Notice of at all." If it is fo, then the Houfe of Com- 
mons and the AfTemblies of every Province are in the conflant 
Pradlice of that Impropriety. You need look no fuither back than 
the Minutes of the late Aflembly, where you will find that in Odober 
1770, in a Committee of tiie whole Houle, a Vote was put whether 
they would grant a Supply for the Troops, which palTed in the Nega- 
tive, and was fo reported and entered. There is the fame Reafon for 
reporting the Vote which palled on a Motion whether the Governor 
fhould be addreffed to remove the Treafurer, — As to the other Part 
of the Paragraph, which refpects what I faid about " Votes of a trea- 
fonable and unconftitutional Nature," if you will make a particular 
Application to yourfelves of a mere general Suppofition that may occa- 
fionally fuit any popular Allembly, I cannot help it. Nor can I help 
it, if yovi fliould even carry your feeming Threats of Refentment into 
Execution ; but I muft confels myfelf at a Lofs to conceive how you 
can " forget that Decency which is due to the CommifTion of a King" 
more than you have already done. 

I come now to a mod important Point indeed ! The grand Defide- 
ratum, which has been the fecret Spring and Mover of all your Actions 
is at length fufK;red to make its Appearance. The Removal of the 
Treafurer was not fo warmly contended for, it feems, for the Sake of 
bringing him to an Account, as that your Houfe might have the 

Appointment of another to that Office. Your Heariay of what 

palTed on this Head at New- York, I can anfwer with another Hear- 
say of at lead equal Authority, which makes that Tranfadlion appear 
in quite another Light. But how fhall we make your Condu6l confident? 
In your former Meflage you do not exprefs the lead Doubt of my Right ; 
on the contrary you defire me not only to remove the Treaiurer 
from his Office, but to " put forne other Perfon there'mr In the prefent 
MefTage, you will not determine, you fay, " to whom the Appointment 
" of a Treafurer of Right belongs." Nor need you. Gentlemen, take 
that Trouble ; for I now tell you fblemnly, that no Coniideration what- 
ever fhall induce me to give up that Right, but the King's exprefs 
Commands, for the Purpofe. And this Determination I fball ffridfly 
adhere to, even if you fhould never, as you infinviate, on that- Account, 
confent to raife a Farthing of Money to put into the Treafury. I fhall 

C c not, 



102 VOTES, Sec. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



not, however, appoint any Man to, or continue any Man in that Office, 
againfl: whom there are any jufl Exceptions ; and I cannot but think it 
foniewhat extraordinary that you Ihould lay the prefent Treafurer 
" hath beenyo?/«J negligent of his Duty" when you mufl know that 
T/jiit is a Point which remains yet to be legally tried, and that every 
Englilhman has a Right to be fiippofed innocent of anything laid to 
his Charge until the Laws of his Country have declared otherwife. 

The greateft Part of the enfuiug Paragraph it is impoflible for me to 
anfwer, as I am not able to comprehend the Meaning of it. Here I 
do acknowledge myfelf completely puzzled. Whether yovi mean to 
blame me for taking Notice of your Omiffion of fuch Particulars as 
fet the Condu(5l of die Ti-eafurer in a favourable Light, or whether you 
me&n any Difapprobation of my Sentiments relative to Juries, is what 
I cannot determine. What is intelligible to me I Ihall anfwer. You 
fay it is at lea It unkind to perfevere in faying that the Houfe intended 
to throw all the Blame on me, when they have pofitively declared the 
contrary. On which let me a{k you. Whether if I was, in one Mef- 
fage, to inunviate in pretty plain Terms that you had ailed contrary to 
or omitted doing of your Duty, and in another endeavour to prove 
iiach Iiiiinuation to be juit, but at the fame Time was to tell you that I 
had no Intention to throw any Blame on you, would you think I had 
any Right to fay you were unkind in not believing m.e I 

1 am forry, Gentlemen, to find you declare that " you ftill fee no 
" P^eafon to alter your Opinion on what ought to be done in the 
" preient Cafe," and yet will not deign to give me any Reafons for 
your adhering to it, or anfwer any Objedlions made to your Sentiments 
on the Subjed. It is ifill my Opinion that the admitting a Relolution 
of another Alfembly, containing a mere Opinion of theirs, to be a 
fufflcient Proof to deprive any SubjetSl of the Value of Six-pence^ is 
the Height of Injullice. If you can Ihev/ me any Reafon to the 
contrary, you will find rac open to Conviction. I have, as I told you 
before, applied to his Majerty's Council for their Advice on the Occafion, 
and they are unanimoully of Opinion that it is not proper that the 
Trealiirer fhould at prefent be removed. The Treafurer, however, has 
preihugly folicited that this SeiTion may not be fufFered to pafs over 
without Ibme Mode lettled for trying the Matter in Difpute. But you 
muft be convinced that if you are determined, as you tell me, to 
" take no Part in inch Profecution" that it will not be in ir.v Power to 
carry on any kind of Suit for this Purpofe to Effecft. If you do not 
grant Money to defray the Expence of feeing Lawyers, you muft 
be fenfible that none of them can be expedted to give thcmlelves any 
Concern in the Matter. To require it of the Attoi'ney General would, 
confidering his near Connection, be unreafonable. I therefore now 
tell you that I will appoint any Lawyers to that necelfary Service 
whom you Ihall recommend to me, and tliat if you do not provide for 
the Expences of carrying on the Suit before you rife, I Ihall be vinder 
a Necelllty of letting the Affiiir remain in the fame vmfettled State it 
is at prefent ; for which, if any ill Confcquences Ihould arife to the 
Publick, it cannot be i-eafoaabJc that I Ihould incur any Cenfure. 

S.:pt. 26, 1772. AV«. FRANKLIN. 



i2th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor, id: 



Which was read ; and the Queftion being put, Whether the Houfe 
thinks it neceflary at this Time to go into any further Anfwer to the 
faid Meflage, or not ? It pafled in the Negative, as follows, 



YEAS. 

Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Fijijer, 
Mr. Rey, 
Mr. Ford, 
Mr. Kinfiy, 
Mr. Hfwlings, 



YEAS. 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



Gibbon, 

Tucker, 

Meheltu, 

Elmer, 

Van Home, 

Pettit. 



NAYS. 

Mr. Combs, 

Mr. Wetherill, 

Mr. Moores, 

Mr. Taylor, 

Mr. La'wrence, 

Mr. Carritfe, 

Mr. Dey, 



NAYS. 
Mr. Demarejf, 
Wind J, 
Paxfon, 
Price, 
Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Sheppard. 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



Ordered^ 

That Mr. Fijher ajid Mr. Wetherill do wait upon his Excellency and 
acquaint him, that the Houle have gone through the Bufinefs iefore 
them, and defire that his Excellency would pleale to difmifs them. 

Mr. Fi/]oer reported, that Mr. Wethenll and himfelf waited on his 
Excellency, according to Or;:er, who was plealed to lay the Houfe 
Ciould hear from him preiencly. 

A Meflage from his Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 
Mr. Speaker^ 
I S Excellency is in the Council-Chamber, and requiies the im- 



H 



mediate Attendance of the Houfe. 



Whereupon Mr. Speaker left the Chair, and, with the Houfe, went 
to wait upon his Excellency, who was pleafed to give his Aflent to the 
following Bills, Enacting the fame, viz. 

1. An AOifor the Support of Government of His Majejlys Colony of 
New-Jerfey, to commence the frji Day of Odlober 1772, and to end the 

firjl Day of Odober 1773 ; and to dif charge the publick Debts and Con- 
tingent Charges thereof. 

2. An A&. for defraying Incidental Charges. 

3. An A61: for ejlablifJmig the Bonndary or Partition Line betiveen the 
Colonies of New- York and 5s'ova-Csefarea or New-Jerfey, atid for confirm- 
ing the Titles and Poffefjions. 

4. An Acl for making Procefs in Courts of Equity effedual againjl 
Mortgagors ivho abfcond and cannot he fefved thereivith^ or -who refufe to 
appear. 

5. An AS. to regulate the Pra^ice of Phyftc and Sutgery, ivitbin the 
Colony of New-Jerfey. 

6. An A61 to enable all Perfons v.'ho are His Majefys liege Siibjeds either 
by Birth or Naturalization to inherit and hold real Efates, notwithjiand- 
ing any Defe6l of Pur chafes made before Naturalization, ivitbin this Colony. 

7. A Supplementary Acfl to an A^, entitled. An Adl for the fpeedy 
recovering of Debts from Six Pounds to Ten Pounds in the Inferior 
Courts of Common Pleas of this Colony for fmall Fees. 

8. An AS. to prevent the Exportation of unmerchantable Flour to foreign 
Markets. 

9. An 



104 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/* New-Jersev, 



9. An A<5t yor hifpeSfing and culling Stances, Heading, Hoops, Shingles, 
Timber y Boards and Plajik ; and for infpdting and meafuring Corn, Wheat, 
and other Grain, that Jhall be exported from the Province of New-Jerfey 
beyond Sea. 

10. An Adl to pre'vent Abufes in the packing of Beef and Pork, and 
for afcertainijig the Size of Cafks, and the ^lantity that JJjall he put int9 

each. 

11. An A(Si for clearing and removing the fever al Ohftru6iions of the 
free Courfe 9f^ the Waters in Paffaick River, and the feveral Branches 

thereof betiveen the Little Falls in the faid River, and the Mill-Dam 
acrofs faid River near Day'j Bridge over faid River, and for other Pur- 
pofes therein tnentioned. 

12. An Aft to enable the Proprietors and Poffejfors of the Meadovus 
Swamps, and low Lands on the Rivers Paffaick and Dead River to 
clear the fame, and remove every Obfrudion to the free Paffage of the 
Waters froju the Saiv- Mill formerly belonging to Samuel WoodrufF, Efn, 
deceafed, up the Stream oj the faid River Paffaick, to the Mill knoivn by 
the Name ofBoyX^s Mill, and z/:/>Dead River to the Bridge commonly cal- 
led and knoivn by the Name of Grant'j Bridge. 

13. yf Supplementary Ad to an Act, entitled. An Ad to enable the 
Oivners and Pojfeffors of the Meadows and Swamps lying on afmall 
Branch of AUoway'j- Creek in the County of Salem, to keep up and main- 
tain the Banks, Dams, and other PVater-works in the faid Meadoiv and 
to keep the Water Courfes thereof open and clear. 

14. An A6t to enable the Owners and Pojfefors of Meadozvs and Tide- 
Marfjj lying on Alliiliunk Creek within the Limits of the City of Bur- 
lington, to erecl and maintain a Bank, Dam, and other Water-works 
acrofs the faid Creek, in order to prevent the Tide from overf owing the 
fame. 

1 5'. An Acl to enable fundry vf the Oivners and Poffcffors of Meadows 
and Tide-Marjld, lying on Englifli'j- Creek in the County of Burlington, 
to erecl and maintain a Bank, Dam, and other Water-works acrofs the faid 
Creek, in order to prevent the Tide from overf oiving the fame, and to keep 
the former B'ater Courfe of faid Creek open and clear, and to make the 
faid Dam tvheri ere^ed a publick Landing. 

16. An Ad to enable the Oivners and Pojfejfors of a Tracl of Mar/7j 
and Meadow at Elfinborough in the County o/' Salem, to uphold and main- 
tain a certain Bank for draining the fame Meadoiv, and for other Purpofes 
therein mentioned. 

17. An Ad for raifing the Sum of Four Hundred and Fifty Pounds 
Proclamation, on the Inhabitants of the Counties ■s/'Somerfet and Middlefex 
to be applied to the completing the Bridge over Raritan at the Landing. 

1 8. A Supplementary Ad to the AM, entitled. An Ad to impower cer- 
tain Perfons therein named, to rafe a Sum of Money by Suhfcription or by 
Taxation, to rebuild and keep in Repair the Bridge over Raritan River 
near Bound-Brook, known by the Name of Queea's-Bridge, 

19. An 



i2th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 105 

19. An Acl to prevent the holding of Fairs in the City of Burlington, 
Princeton, and Tonvnflnp of Windfor. 

20. An Adl to enable certain Perfons to ere6l and draiv a Lottery for 
raifing the Stun of One Thoufand and Fifty Pounds, to be applied for 
the Purpofes therein mentioned. 

21. An h.&.for the Prefervation of Deer in the Toivnfloip of Morris. 

22. An Adl for the Relief of Richard Stevens, nuith Refpe^ to the 
Imprifomnent of his Petfon. 

23. An Adl for the Relief of Benjamin Ayers, noiv a Prifoner in 
the Gaol of the County of Cumberland. 

24. An Acl to naturalize John George Felthaufen. 

25. An Adl to dijfolve the Marriage of David Baxter ivith Margaret 
his Wife, late Margaret Mac Murtry. 

And then his Excellency prorogued the General AfTembly to 
Tuefday the Twenty-feventh Day of OSlober next, then to meet at 
Btirlington. 



r\ 



BY Virtue of an Order of the HOUSE of 
REPRESENTATIVES, I do appoint Ifaac Collins 
to print thefe Votes. 

CORTLArW^ SKINNER, Speaker. 




« 



i3h'^ 




t 

in 




^ 



•-^\ .-^ . 



VOTES 



AND 



P R O C E ED I N G S 



OF THE 



GENERAL ASSEMBLY 



OF THE 



Colony of NEW-JERSEY. 



At a SESSION began at BURLINGTON, Wednesday, 
November id, 1773, and continued until the ii'" day 
OF March following. 



Being the second Session of the Twenty-second Assembly 



OF NEW-JERSEY. 




BURLINGTON: 

Printed by ISAAC COLLINS, Printer to the King, for 
the Province of New-Jersey, M.dcc.lxxiv. 



\\ 



I 



f: 



Votes &c. of the General 




NAMES OF THE 



REPRESENTATIVES. 



CITY of Ferth-Amboy, 
Middle/ex, 

Monmouth, 

Efex,' 

Somerjety 

Bergen, 

Morris, 
City of Burlington, 
County of Burlington, 

Gloucejier, 

Salem, 

Cape-May, 

Hunterdon, 

Cumberland, 

Sujfex, 



Cortland Skinner, Speaker, 
John Wetherill, 
Edward Taylor, 
Stephen Crane, 
Hendrick Fiflier, 
Theunis Dey, 
Jacob Ford, 
James Kinfey, 
Henry Paxfon, 
John Hinchman, 
Grant Gibbon, 
Jonathan Hand, 
Samuel Tucker, 
'John Sheppard, 
Thomas Van Home, 



John Combs, 
John Moores, 
Richard Lawrence, 
Henry Garritfe, 
John Roy, 
John Demareft, 
William Winds, 
Thomas P. Hewlings, 
Anthony Sykes, 
Robert F. Price, 
Benjamin Holme, 
Eli Eldridge, 
John Mehelm, 
Theophilus Elmer, 
Nathaniel Pettit. 



BUR LINGTON, Wednefday, November i o, 1773. 



PURSUANT to His Excellency's Teveral Prorogations of the 
General AfTembly from Time to Time till this Day, the Houfe 
met ; and, for Want of a fufficient Number of Members to 
proceed upon Bufinefs, adjourned till To-morrow Morning 
Nine o'Clock. 



Thurfday, November 11, 1773. 

The Houfe met; 

And, for Want of a fufficient Number of Members, adjourned till 
Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Eli Eldridge, Efq. being duly returned a Reprefentative in AfTembly 
for the County of Cape-May, and now attending, was called in, and 

Mr. 



4 VOTES, &c. ^ ^/7e General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 

Mr. Speaker informing the Houfe that Mr. Eldridge had been regularly 
qualified before him, f%i , 

Ordered^ it' 

That Mr. Eldridge do take his Seat in the Houfe. 

Ordered^ 

That Mr. Fipoer and Mr. Wetherill do wait on His Excellency, and 
acquaint him, That a fufficient Number of Members to proceed upon 
Bufinefs are met, and ready to receive any Thing he may pleafe to lay 
before them. 

Mr. FiJJjer reported. That Mr. Wetherill and Himfelf waited on the 
Governor accordingly, who was pleafed to fay, The Houfe fhould hear 
from him To-morrow Morning. 

Refol'ved, 

That David Overton be appointed Door-keeper of this Houfe. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Lucas Van Beverhoudt, 
fetting forth. That he is a foreign Proteftant, and is defirous of being 
naturalized in this Province ; which Petition was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundiy Freeholders of the 
County of Hunterdon, praying, for the Reafons therein contained, that 
no Act may pafs whereby private Perfons and Families may be debar- 
red from weaving their own Cloth ; which Petition was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe, and read, from a Number 
of Freeholders and others Inhabitants of Morris County, praying a Law 
to ftrike a Sum of Money to be let out on Losm ; 
Ordered, 

That the fame be read a fecond Time. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Robert Doughty ^ and 
others, praying an Adl for banking out Ahfecom Creek, in the County 
of Gloiicejler; which Petition was read, and ordered to be read a fecond 
Time. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Inhabitants of 
the upper Part of this Province, praying a Law to prohibit all Perfons 
but profefTed Tanners from purchafing any green Hides or Calflkins; 
the Petition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Paxfon and Mr. Sheppard, be a Committee 
to infpedl the Minutes of this Houfe, and report what Bufinefs is refer- 
red over to this SefTion. 

Ordered, 
That IVlr. Hinchman, Mr. Gibbon and Mr. Holme, be a Committee to 
inquire what Laws are expired or are near expiring, and make Report 
thereof to the Houfe. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Friday, 



i^thG.m. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/7. Governor. 5 



Friday, November 12, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Ralph Smith and many 
others, praying, That a Bounty of Te7i Pounds may be granted for every 
Tun of good bright Hemp, and Tiventy Shillings for every Five Hun- 
dred Weight of good bright Flax, raifed witliin this Colony ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Speaker laid before the Houfe fundry Letters from the Speaker 
of the Houfe of BurgeiTes in Virginia^ and from the Speakers of the Af- 
femblies in Bojlon, Connecliciit and Rhode-IJland ; which were read. 

A Meffage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

MR. Speaker, His Excellency is in the Council-Chamber, and 
requires the immediate Attendance of the Houfe; 
Whereupon Mr. Speaker left the Chair, and with the Houfe, went to 
wait upon His Excellency ; and being returned Mr. Speaker refumed 
the Chair, and reported. That the Houfe had waited on His Excellency, 
who was pleafed to make a Speech to the Council and Houfe of Afllm- 
bly, of which Mr. Speaker faid he had, to prevent Miftakes, obtained 
a Copy ; and the fame by Order of the Houfe was read, and is as 
follows, viz. 

Gentlemen of the Council, and Gentlemen of the General Affemhly ; 

A DISCO VERY was made fome Time in the Beginning of the lad 
Summer of a Number of Perfons in the Counties of Middlefex and 
Monmouth concerned, in making a bafe kind of Half Johannes and Spanifh 
Dollars, which happily led to the Difcovery of another Gang of Villains 
in the Counties of Morris and Sujfex who had for feveral Years part been 
employed in counterfeiting and pafling the Paper Currency of this and 
the neighbouring Colonies. From the Confeffions of fome of them, 
corroborated by many ftriking Circumftances, the Affair of the Robbery 
of the Treafury, which had remained fo long enveloped in Darknefs, 
has likewife been brought to Light. — Unluckily fome of each Gang 
have made their Efcape out of the Province, but all of the former 
who were apprehended, and one of the Chief of the latter have received 
that Punifhment for their Crimes which the Law would permit. Three 
others, who were fentenced to Death, have been refpited, for very par- 
ticular Reafons, as you will fee by the Papers I fhall order to be laid 
before you. No Endeavours have been, or ihall be wanting, on my 
Part, to have thofe who efcaped, apprehended and brought to Juftice. 

As the Mifchief in which thefe Perfons were engaged is of ilich ex- 
tenfive and pernicious a Nature, I cannot but congratulate you upon 
the Stop which has been put to its further Progrefs : Nor can I doubt 
but you will think with me, that the Thanks and grateful Acknow- 
ledgments of the Publick are due to thofe Gentlemen who have with 
great Zeal and Abilities, and with confiderable Trouble and Expence, 
been the Means of deteding and apprehending the Authors of it. 

B On 



6 VOTESy &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



On this Occafion, I think it proper to recommend to you the 
Pafling of a Law to make it Felony to counterfeit in this Province the 
Silver and Gold Coins of foreign Countries. Many of them have now 
fo general a Circulation here, that the Mifchiefs refulting from their 
being counterfeited may be as deftrudive as the counterfeiting of our 
own Paper Currency. 

Gentlemen of the General AJfembly ; 

Befides making dueProvifion for the Support of Government, I have 
to requeft that you would grant a Supply for the King's Troops now 
flationed in this Colony. As I apprehended it would have been vei-y 
inconvenient to your private AlFairs, had I called you together at the 
Seafon when the Troops arrived, I defired Major-General Haldhnand to 
let the Barrack-Mafter-General furnifli the Troops with the ufual Ne- 
ceflaries fupplied by the Province, and gave him Reafon to expecl that 
you would, at your firft Meeting, provide for any reafonable Expence 
•which might be incurred on that Account, This the General was fo 
obliging as to do, and I truft you will not be deficient in evincing that 
you have a proper Senfe of the Kindnefs. — The Barrack Mafter's Ac- 
counts fliall be laid before you as foon as they can be prepared. 

I mufl: likewife recommend it to you to enable me, as foon as poflible, 
to offer fuch Rewards and Encouragements for apprehending and bring- 
ing to Juftice the Perfons accufed of counterfeiting our Paper Currency 
and robbing the Treafury, as will become the Honour of the Province 
and the Importance of the Occafion. For Want of a Fund appropriated 
to anfwer contingent Expences, this Province often labours under con- 
fiderable Difadvantages. In all Probability if Government had been 
impowered to hire a Number of adlive Men to have gone off immedi- 
ately in different Parties, in Purfuit of thofe Delinquents, they would 
ere now have received the Punilhment due to their Crimes. 

Gentlemen of the Council, and Gentlanen of the General AJfembly ; 

I am never fo happy as when I have an Opportunity of promoting 
the Publick Welfare, and as I know of Nothing which has a Chance to 
contribute more to that defirable End than Harmony between the feve- 
ral Branches of the Legiflature, I fliall not fail to cultivate it as much as 
may be in my Power, and I flatter myfelf that I {hall, during the Cour(e 
of the enfuing Seffion, meet with the fame Difpofition on your Parts. 

I 

Co^nc.l-Chamber. -) W". F R A N K L I N. 

Nov. 12, 1773. i 

Ordered, 
That His Excellency's Speech be read a fecond Time. 

Mr. D, Secretary laid before the Houfe fundry Papers relative to the 
Matters mentioned in the Governor's Speech. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met, 

A Petition 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/^. Governor. 7 



A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Ebenezer Coivell, pray- 
ing, That no Acl may pafs for the Relief of Thomas Readings fo as to 
fcreen him from Arrefts ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

A MefTage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pett'it. 
yi M E s s A G E to the Assi.yi-&hY, 

Gentlemen, 

BY the Papers which I laid before you this Morning, you will 
perceive that fome Men are now waiting in this Town upon Ex- 
pences to know the Determination of Government with refpecfl to employ- 
ing them to go in Purfuit of the Perfons who are accufed of Counterfeiting 
our Paper Currency and Robbing the Treafury. I fhould therefore be 
glad that you would inform me, whether you are inclined to en?ble me 
to fend them on the Expedition mentioned in thole Papers, as otherwile 
I Ihall difcharge them. — Yoii mufl: be fenfible that any Delay given to 
a Matter of this Nature may be of dangerous Confequence. 

Nov. 12, 1773- 1 Wm. franklin. 

P. M. S 

Which was read : 

Whereupon, after fome Debate, the Queftion was put, Whether the 
Houfe will enable the Governor to fend Men after the Perfons accufed, 
or will authorize the Government to offer a Reward for the Apprehen- 
fion of them ? It was carried for the latter. 
Refol'ved^ 

That this Houfe will enable His Excellency the Governor to offer by 
Proclamation a Reward of £. 300 each for the Apprehenfion and 
Lodging in any Gaol of this Province the Perfons of Samuel Ford and 
Jofeph Richard/on^ and £. 50 for ^ohn King. 

Ordered^ 

THAT Mr. Tucker and Mr. Paxfon do wait on His Excellency, and 
inform him. That the Houfe have t;kenHis Excellency's Meffage 
into immediate Confideration, and though the Houfe does not at prefent 
think it expedient to fend Men, yet by an unanimous Refolve, they 
have enabled His Excellency, by Proclam.ation to offer a Reward of ;^. 300 
each for the apprehending and lodging in fome Gaol of this Province, 
the Perfons of Samuel Ford and JoJ'eph Richard/on, and _^. jo for John 
King, for which tlie Houfe will make Provifion by Law. 

House of As&emblv, 7 By Order of the Houfe, 

iv.:-. 12, 1773. S RICHARD SMITH, Clerk. 

Mr. D. Secretary laid before the Houfe the feveral Prorogations of 
the Houfe fince laft Seffion. 

A Petition 



8 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fofeph Moore of Amivell, 
in the County of Hunterdon, fetting forth, That, by Order of a Juftice 
of Peace, and the two cholen Freeholders, he repaired a certain Bridge 
in that Townfhip,but has not been able to get his Pay therefor, and pray- 
ing Redrefs in the Premifes ; which was read, and ordered to be read a 
fecond Time. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Daniel Darcey, Jacob 
Savoy and John Bittle, Owners and Poifeflbrs of a Tra6l of Marfli and 
Swamp in U pper-P enn s-Neck in the County of Salem, praying an Acl 
to ere(^ and maintain a Bank, Dam and other Waterworks, to pre- 
vent the Tide from overflowing the fame ; the Petition M'as read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Saturday, November 13, 1773- 

The Houfe met. 

Mr, Tucker reported. That Mr. Paxfon and himfelf delivered the 
MefTage of Yeflerday to His Excellency, according to Order. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Jofeph EngUfJy and 
others, Owners of Meadows on Engli/lis Creek in the Townlhip of 
Mansfield, and County of Burlington, praying a Law to erecT: a Bank 
nearer to the Mouth of the Creek, than the prelent Bank ; which Petition 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Several Bundles of the Papers laid before the Houfe by Order of the 
Governor, were now read. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Monday, November 15, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

Two Petitions were prefented to the Houfe, and read, from a large 
Number of Freeholders of the County of Somerfet, praying. That 
no Law may pafs to prohibit private Families from weaving their 
own Cloth ; 
Ordered, 

That they be read a fecond Time. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Jofeph Rue, a Prifoner 
for Debt in Perth- Amboy Gaol, fetting forth the particular Circumftances 
of his Cafe, and praying an Acl of Aflembly for his Relief j the Pe- 
tition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fome Inhabitants of the 
Townfliip of Hanover, in the County of Morris, praying a Law to 
repeal their prefent Road Ad ; which Petition was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

A Petition 



i4//5»G.III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £7"^. Governor. 9 



A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from George Cook^ fetting forth 
Reafons why no A6t fhould pafs in favour of Jofeph Rue ; the faid 
Petition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Freeholders and 
other Inhabitants of the County of Middle/ex^ fetting forth, That the 
Law refpeding Line Fences does not oblige Perfons, whofe Lands are 
divided by Brooks, to make and maintain a lawful Fence, and praying 
a Remedy therefor ; the Petition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from James Morgan, a Prifon- 
er for Debt in Amboy Gaol, fetting forth the Particulars of his Cafe, 
and praying an Adl to relieve his Body from Imprifonment ; the Petition 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading, 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from feveral Freeholders and 
Inhabitants of the Corporation of Bergen, fetting forth Reafons againfl: 
a Bill for appointing Commiflioners for laying out and keeping in Repair 
certain Roads to and from Paulus-Hook ; which Petition was read, and 
ordered to be read a fecond Time. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Inhabitants of 
the Townfhip of Elfinborough, in the County of Salem, praying a Law 
to keep their Roads and Bridges in Repair by a Tax, in the fame Man- 
ner, and under the fame Reftridlions, as a Law paffed for the Townfhip 
of Deptford, in the County of Gloucejler, in the Year 1771 ; the Peti- 
tion was read, and ordered to be read a fecond Time. 
Ordered, 

That the Clerk of this Houfe do fearch for the Papers relating to the 
Settlement of the Accounts of the late Col. Peter Schuyler, and give 
fuch Copies thereof to Ifaac Ogden, Efq. as he ihall apply for, he 
paying for the fame. 

Several other Bundles of the Papers laid before the Houfe by Order 
of His Excellency were read. 

A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 
Gentlemen, 

I AM glad to find that you have, agreeably to what I recommended 
to you in my Speech, enabled me to offer Rewards for the appre- 
hending of Samuel Ford, Jojeph Richard/on and John King ; but as thofe 
Rewards are made payable only in cafe of their being lodged in fome 
Gaol of this Province ; and as they may poffibly, if taken, be tried 
and punifhed in Pennfyl'uaitia, where they have been guilty of the like 
Offences, and where the like Reward is offered, I fubmit it to you whe- 
ther it would not be more likely to anfwer our Purpofe of bringing thefe 
People to Juftice if the Reward was made payable on their Convidion 
in either Province, I muft likewife requeft you to confider whether it 
would not be proper to offer a Reward for apprehending of Thomas 
Budd, who, you will fee by fome of the Papers laid before you, has 
been deeply concerned with Ford and Richardfon, and has gone off with 
the latter. 

November 15, 1773. W-^. FRANKLIN. 

C The 



lo VOTES, &:c. <5/' //jf General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



The fame was read, and ordered a fecond Reading, 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, F. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Abraham Woohnan, Ro- 
bert Engle, jnn. and Jofeph Engk, Owners of Marfla on both Sides of a 
fmall Creek in the Townfhip of E'veJJjam in the County of Burlington, 
called Mafons Creek, praying a Law to flop out the Tide from overflow- 
ing the fame ; the Petition was read, and ordered to be read a fecond 
Time. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from feveral Freeholders and. 
Inhabitants of the Townlliips of Reading and Teijuksbiiry, and others 
adjoining, in the County of Hunterdon, praying a Law to levy a Sum 
not exceeding £. 250 upon the County of Hunterdon, for completing 
two Bridges with Stone Pillars over the fouth Branch of the River 
Rockaivay, and over the main Branch, in the Places where the old Bridges 
at prefent (land ; the faid Petition was read, and ordered a lecond 
Reading. 

His Excellency's Meflage of this Morning was read the fecond Time, 
and, after fome Time fpent thereon, 
Refolded, 

That His Excellency be enabled to draw on the Treafliry for, and pay 
the feveral Sums offered for the apprehending of Jofeph RicbqrdJ'on, 
Samuel Ford and John King, upon their being taken and fafely lodged 
in the Gaol of the Cities of Fhiladelphia or Burlington. 

Ordered, 

THAT Mr. Crane and Mr. Henjulings do wait on His Excellency and 
inform him, That the Houfe does not apprehend it neceflary to offer 
any Reward for Thotnas Budd, as it does not appear that he was concerned 
in counterfeiting the Paper Currency of this Colony, and was rather 
concerned only with Richard/on and others in Fhiladelphia — That the 
Houfe, by a new Refolve, have enabled His Excellency to draw from 
the Treafury, and pay the feveral Sums of Money given by the former 
Refolve, to fuch Perfons as Ihall apprehend Samuel Ford, Jofeph Richard- 
fon and John King, and fafely lodge them in the Gaol of either of the 
Cities of Fhiladelphia or Burlington. 

House of Assembly, 7 By Order of the Hotfe, ^ 

^'^''- '5. '773- 3 RICHARD SMITH, C/^r;^. 

The Petition from Lucas Van Be'verhoudt, for Naturalization, was 
read the fecond Time, together with a Certificate of his having taken 
the ufiial Oaths, and made and fubfcribed the Declaration by Law 
appointed ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That he have Leave to bring in a Bill accordingly. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Tuefday, November 16, 1773. 

The Houfe met. Mr. 



14th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/^. Governor, ii 

Mr. Crane reported, That Mr. Hezvlings and himfelf delivered the 
Meflage of Yefterday to His Excellency. 

Mr. Wetherill^ from the Committee appointed to inquire what 
Bufinefs Hands referred to this Seflion, made the following Re- 
port, njiz. 

1. Crojpwicks Creek Bridge Petition. 

2. Petition for (topping Rapaiipa Creek. 

3. The Bill for Regulating the Tanning of Leather. 

4. A Hearing in regard to moving Cobanfey Bridge. 

5. Petition of Ann Morell and others. 

6. Hunterdon Petitions for and againft fifhing in the River Delaware. 

7. Bill for a Road from Paulus-Hook^ &c, 

8. Petition from EJJex and Bergen againft flopping Paffaick River. 
p. Bill for lowering Intereft. 

10. Petitions for ftriking Paper Money. 

11. Bill for fuppreffing Vice and Immorality. 

12. Bill for Relief of the Poor, 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe, and read, from feveral of the 
Creditors of Abner Hetfeld, praying, That an Ad of AiTembly may 
pafs to difcharge him from all Adions or Demands by or from any of 
his Creditors — and Mr. Boudinot was heard before the Houfe on this 
Subjedl: 

Whereupon, in Purfuance of the Leave granted laft Seilion, Mr. Crane, 
in Behalf of the Petitioner, brought in a Bill, entitled. An AA/or the 
Relief of Abner Hetfield, an Infolvent Debtor ; which was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

Col. Ford, in Purfuance of the Leave granted, and in Behalf of the 
Petitioner, brought in a Bill, entitled. An A<5t to naturalize Lucas Van 
Beverhoudt; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from a large Number of the 
Inhabitants refiding near the Fork of Nacut Creek, in the County of 
Gloucejler, praying, That Evi Smith, Hugh M'Cullum and Richard 
Wejlcott, may be indulged with a Law to erecfl a Dam and Mill acrofs 
the faid Creek ; and, 

A Petition was prefented from Thomas Clark and others, oppofing the 
fame ; both which were read, and ordered to be read a fecond Time. 

Three Petitions were prefented to the Houfe from Freeholders and 
others of the County of Somerfet, praying a Law to raife £ 150 on that 
-County, for eredting a Bridge with Stone Pillars over the River Lame- 
ton ; which Petitions were read, and ordered fecond Readings. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Inhabitants of the 
Townfliip of Bedminfter, in the County of Somerfet, praying a Revival 
of the Law to repair their Publick Highways by Hire j the fame was 
read, and ordered to be read a fecond Time. 

The Houfe refumed the Confideration of the feveral Petitions for and 
againft a Law for a Toll-Bridge over Crofpwicks Creek, in the County of 
Burlington, referred from laft Seflion ; 

Ordered, 



12 VOTES, &c. o/* ^/b<r General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Ordered, 

That the feveral Parties be heard before the Houfe on Thurfday the 
Sj-th of this Inftant, November, at Ten o'Clock in the Morning ; and 
that the Members for Burlington County do give Notice thereof to the 
Parties. 

The Houfe went through the feveral Papers laid before the Houfe by 
Order of His Excellency the Governor. 

The Houfe refumed the Confideration of the Petitions for and againft 
a Law for ereding a Dam acrofs Rapaupa Creek, in the County of 
Gloucejier, from the Land of Thomas Tbomfon to the Land of Lynford 
Lardner, referred from la ft Seffion ; 
Ordered, 
That the Petitioners for the Law have Leave to bring in the fame 
accordingly : 

Whereupon Mr. Hinchman, in their Behalf, brought in a Bill, entitled. 
An A<51 to enable the Oivners and Pojfejfors of the Meadows and Marjh 
adjoining Rapaupa Creek, in the County o/'Gloucefter, to ere£i, cajl upy 
repair and maintain a Dam, Bank and other Waterivorks, fufficient to pre- 
■ vent the Tide from overfoxuing the fame ; which was read, and ordered 
to be read a fecond Time. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

The Bill, entitled, An Adl to naturalize Lucas Van Beverhoudt, was 
read the fecond Time ; and on the Queftion agreed to, and ordered to 
be engrofled. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from the Owners and PofleQbrs 
of Tide Marfh and Swamp, lying on the Southweft Side of Raccoon 
Creek, in the Townihip of Woolwich, in the County of Gloucejler, pray- 
ing an Acl of Aflembly to erect Waterworks acrofs the Creek ; the 
Petition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Motion was made, That the Houfe fhould fend a Meflage to the 
Governor, requefting that His Excellency would be pleafed to favour 
them with the Reafons of his Sentiments exprefled in his Speech of the 
1 2th oi November relative to the Robbery of the Eaftern Treafury, with 
what appears to him in the Light of " ftriking Circumftances," and that 
he would inform them whether all the Examinations, Confeffions and 
Evidences which have come to his Knowledge, relative to this Difcovery 
of the Robbery of the Eaftern Treafury, have been laid before the Houfe ; 
and, on the Queftion being put, it was carried as follows, 'viz. 



For the Queftion. 


For ' 


the Queftion. 


For the Queftion. 


Againft it. 


Mr, Combs, 


Mr. 


Dey, 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Ford, 


Mr. Wctherill, 


Mr. 


Dcmareji, 


Mr. Eldridge, 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. 


Winds, 


Mr, Tucker, 


Mr. Gibbon, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. 


Ktnfey, 


Mr. Mehelm, 


Mr. Pettit. 


Mr. Lawrence, 


Mr. 


HewJings, 


Mr. Sheppard, 




Mr. Crane, 


Mr. 


Paxjon, 


Mr. Elmer, 




Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. 


Hinchman, 


Mr. Van Home. 




Mr. Fijher, 


Mr. 


Price, 






Mr. Roy, 


Mr. 


Holme, 







Ordered, 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 13 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Kitijej' and Mr.. Lawrence, be a Committee 
to prepare and bring in a MelFage to His Excellency on the Subjecl 
Matter above-mentioned. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Robert Gingles, fetting 
forth, That he had burnt certain Jer/ey Bills of Credit, which by Ac- 
cident had become ufelefs, and praying Compenfation therefor ; and 
feveral Affidavits relating thereto were alfo prefented ; all which were 
read, and on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition do lie on the Table. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'CIock To-morrow Morning. 
' Wednefday, November 17, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

The EngrofTed Bill, entitled, An Ad to naturalize Lucas Van Be'ver^ 
houdt, was read and compared j on the Queftion, 
Refol'ued, 
That the faid Bill do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Col. Ford and Mr. Vlan Home, do carry the fame to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe, and read, from fundry Inha- 
bitants of Cape-May, praying, That no Law may pafs to hinder private 
Perfons from weaving their own Cloth, or tanning their own Leather j 
Ordered, 

That the fame be read a fecond Time. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from divers Freeholders and 
others, refiding in Cape-May, praying a Law to enable Henry Ludlam to 
eredl a Toll-Bridge acrofs Cedar Sinamp Creek in that Countv, with 
Power to demand certain Rates in the Petition fpecified ; the faid 
Petition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Two Petitions were prefented to the Houfe, and read, from a Number 
of the Inhabitants of Monmouth County, praying a Law to incorporate 
the Juftices and Freeholders, and grant them Power to raife Money for 
building a Poorhoufe, Workhoufe and Houfe of Correclioa there ; 
Ordered, 

That the Petitions be read a fecond Time. 

Four Petitions were prefented from Middleto-dun, and one from Staf- 
ford, in the County of Monmouth, praying. That no Law may pafs for 
building a Houfe of Corredtion there as prayed for by feveral Petitions ; 
the fame were read, and ordered lecond Pceadings. 

Mr. Wetherill, from the Committee a^ppointed to that Service, brought 
in the Draught of a Meflage to His Excellency ; which by Order of the 
Houfe was read, agreed to, and ordered to be engrofled. 

D Veas 



14 VOTES, &c, of /^<? General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



Yeas. Yeas. Yeas. Nays. 

Mr. Combs, Mh Dey, Mr. Eldridge, Mr. Ford, 

Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Demareji, Mr. Tt/fytfr, Mr. Sy/^^j, 

Mr. Moores, Mr. HVwd'j, Mr. Mehelm, Mr. Gibbon, 

Mr. T'^j/or, Mr. A'/w//, Mr. Sheppard, Mr. Pe////. 

Mr. Lawrence, Mr. Hewlings, Mr. Elmer, 

Mr. Craw^-, Mr. Pax/on, Mr. Faw /forH,?. 

Mr. Garriife, Mr. Hincbmaii, 

Mr. F//^fr, Mr. P/vVf, 

Mr. iloj', Mr. i/o//«e. 

The EngrofTed Meffage to His Excellency was read and compared, and 
the fame is as follows, 'viz. 

Ordered, 
'"T^HAT Mr. Hinchmdn and Mr. Mehelm do wait on His Excellency 
^ and inform him, That as His Excellency in his Speech to the 
Houfe of the 12th Inftant hath been pleafed to mention, that, from 
the Confelfions of fome of the People concerned in the counterfeiting 
Money, " corroborated by many ftriking Circumftances, the Affair of 
*' the Pvobbery of the Treafury which had remained fo long enveloped 
" in Darknpfs has been brought to Light"-— the Houfe do humbly re- 
queft, that he would be pleafed to favour the Houfe. with the particu- 
lar Reafons of fuch his Sentiments — would be pleafed to point out to 
the Houfe thofe " ftriking Circumftances" which he alludes to as coito- 
borating thofe Confefhons — and would alfo be pleafed to inform them, 
Whether all the Examinations, Evidences and Confeffions, which have 
come to his Knowledge relating to this Difcovery, have been laid before 
the Houfe. 

House of Assembly, ? By Order of the Houfe, 

iv«t-. 17, 1773- 3 RICHARD SMITH, C/^ri 

The feveral Petitions for and againft a Law for a Dam over Naciit 
Creek, in the County of Gloucejler, were read the fecond Time. 
Ordered, 

That the Parties be heard before the Houfe on Friday the 26th Inftant 
at Ten o'Clock, A. M. — and that Richard Wejlcott do give the Parties 
at leaft four Days Notice thereof. 

The Bill, entitled, An Acl to enable the Owners and PaJJi-ffors of the 
Meado-ws and M.arJ}j adjoining Rapaupa Creek, in the Cbz/jz/yij/ Gloucefter, 
to erefl, cafl 7ip, repair and jnaiutain a Dam, Bank ami other iVateriuorks, 
fttfficietit to prevent the Tide froyn overjioiving the fame ; was read the 
fecond Time, and committed to Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Price. 

The Petition from Abraham IVoobnan and others, for a Law to eredl 
Waterworks acrofs Mafon's Creek, was read the fecond Time, together 
with the Notice of this Application ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

The Petition from Midd/efex for a Law refpedling Line Fences, was 
read the fecond Time ; on the Queftion, 

Ordered, 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor, i^- 

\ 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Wetherili and Mr. Crane do bring in a Bill for the Purpofe 
aforefaid. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Hlnchman reported, That Mr. Mehelm and Himfelf delivered the 
MelTage of this Morning to His Excellency. 

Mr. Paxfon, in Purfuance of the Leave granted, and in Behalf of the 
Petitioners, brought in a Bill, entitled, An ^&.toenableJundry oftheOivners 
and Poffejfors of Meadoivs and Tide Marjh lying on Mafon'j- Creek in the 
Toivnjhip o/" Evefham, and County o/" Burlington, to ere ft and inaintain a 
Bank, Dam and other Waterivorks acroj's the /aid Creek, in order to prevent 
the Tide from o'verfloiving the fame ; which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe, and read, from Whitton Crips, 
and three others, Owners and PofTelTors of a Tra6l of Marfh and 
Meadow in Lo%ver-Penn s-Neck, in the County of S,alem upon S>alem 
Creek, praying Leave to bring in a Bill to fupport the Bank, Sluices 
and Drains on faid Creek ; 
Ordered, 

That the Petition be read a fecond Time. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Daniel Hand, Colledlor 
of the County of Cape-May, fettlng forth a Lofs of £. 267: as. Publick 
Money, (the Perfon being robbed by whom the faid Money was fent to 
the Treafury) and praying Relief in the Premifes ; the Petition was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr, Hinchman from the Committee appointed to inquire what Laws 
are expired or are near expiring, made the following Report, viz. 

1. An Adl for giving a Bounty upon the railing of Flax and Hemp, 
and planting of Mulberry Trees in this Colony, and for railing Raw 
Silk, will expire this Seflion. 

2. ^ Adl to raife a Fund for defraying Damages done by Dogs, in 
the Counties of Somerfet, Hunterdon and Gloucejler, will expire this 
SefGon. 

3. An A61 for the better preferving of Oyfters in the Colony of Neiv-^ 
Jerfey, will expire this Seflion, 

4. An Adl to repair and amend the Publick Roads and Streets in the 
Northern Ward of the City of Perth-Amboy, and to repair the Town 
Wharf in the faid City, by a Tax on the Inhabitants of the faid North- 
ern Ward, will expire this Seflion. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Crane, Mr. Taylor and Mr. Sheppard, be a Committee to 
prepare and bring in a Bill to continue the Oyfter Adl. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Combs, Mr. Moores and Mr. Eldridge, be a Committee to pre- 
pare and bring in a Bill to continue the Law for repairing the Roads- 
of the Northern Ward of the City of Perth-Amboy. 

Col. 



i6 VOTES, &c. (j/^ //j^ General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



Col. Ford reported, That Mr, Van Home and Himfelf delivered thq 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe, and read, from fundry Inha- 
bitants of the County of Hmiterdon, praying, That no Perfons may be 
hindered from driving the River Delaivare, for the Purpofe of catching 
Filh, with Brufh Swabs, as has been always in Pracflice ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfc adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Tburfday, November i*^, '^111- 

The Houfe met. 

Three Petitions were prefented to the Houfe from the County of Morris^ 
and one from the County of Someiftt, all fetting forth the DiftrefTes of 
this Province for Want of a Currency, and praying anEmiffion of Paper 
Bills of Credit to be let out on Loan ; the iame were read, and ordered 
to be read a fecond Time, 

• A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from certain Owners and Pof- 
fefTors of low Lands lying on both Sides of Peq7/eji, and the feveral 
Branches thereof, in the County of Sujfex, praying Leave to bring in a 
Bill for draining the fame; the Petition was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading, 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe, and read, from a large Number 
of Freeholders and Inhabitants of the County of Somerfet, fetting forth. 
That they perceive by the lad Votes that Leave was given to bring in a 
Bill at this Seflion to prevent Farmers and others from following the 
Weaving Bufinefs, unlefs Caufe was Ihcwn to the contrary, and praying 
that no liich Law may pafs ; 
Ordered, 

That the Petition have a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Inhabitants of 
Cumberland County, praying. That no Ad may be palfed for building 
a Bridge over Cohanfey Creek, from the main Street of Bridge-TMhvn to 
thePublick Landing on the other I^de, and another Petition was prefent- 
ed in favour thereof; both which were read. 

The feveral Petitions for and againft the fame, referred from laft 
Seflion, were now read ; *' 

The feveral Parties for and againfl: the Meafure attending, were cal- 
led in, and their Allegations and Evidences fully heard, and the Confi- 
deration thereof was referred till the Afternoon. 

A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr, D, Secretary Pcttit. 
^Message to the Assembly. 

G E N T L E.M E N, 

IL A S T Night received an Account from one Jonathan Whilldin of 
his having been robbed of Two Hundred and Seventy Pounds and 
upwards on the Road from Sanmcl Coopers Ferry to Burlingt07i, which 

Money 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 17 

Money he fays was intrufled to his Care by the Colledlor for the County 
of Cape-May, to be delivered to the Weftern Treafurer. His Examina- 
tion on Oath I now lay before you, and as both he and the Collector 
are now in Town, you may, if you think proper, make a more parti- 
cular Inquiry into the Affair. Should you think it expedient to enable 
me to offer a Reward for apprehending the Perfons who may have per- 
petrated the Robbery, I lliall immediately iffue a Proclamation for the 
Purpofc. 

iv.r. 17,1773. ? Wm. FRANKLIN. 

Which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P^ M. 
The Houfe met. 

The Houfe refumed the Confideration of the feveral Petitions for and 
againft a Law for building a Bridge over Cohanfey Creek, from the 
main Street of Bridge-To-jun to the Publick Landing on the other Side; 
after fome Time fpent therein, on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitions for the Bridge do He on the Table. 

Seven Petitions were prefented to the Houfe, and read, from Bor- 
dentoxvn, Hunterdoti, Nottingham, Princeton, Kingjioivn, and two from 
Mansfeld, all praying that the prefent Bridge over Crojpwicks Creek, at 
the Place known by the Name of Wat/on % Ferry, may be continued and 
ettablifhed ; 
Ordered, 

That they be read again on Thurfday the 25th of this Inflant, wheil 
the Parties are appointed to be heard before the Houfe. 

The Bill, entitled. An A61 to enable fundry of the Oiuners and Pojjef- 

fors of Meadozus and Tide Marfh lying on Mafon'j Creek, in the TonvnJJnp 

of Eveiham, and County 0/ Burlington, to ereSi and7naintain a Bank, Daju 

and other Waterivorks acrofs the f aid Creek, in order to prevent the Tide 

from overfloiving the fame ; was read the fecond Time, and committed to 

Mr. Sykes and Mr. HeivUngs. 

On a Motion made by Mr. Tucker, 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Fijher, Mr. Price, Mr. Mehelm and Col. Ford, be a Com- 
mittee to prepare and bring in a Bill to poftpone for one Month the 
Payment of the feveral Taxes hereafter to be affeffed in this Colony by 
Virtue of an Acl, entitled. An Adl to fettle the ^otas of the feveral 
Counties of this Colony for the levying of Taxes, and to compel the 
Affejfors of the feveral Counties to return Duplicates of the next Tears 
AJeffinents into the Treafury of this Colony at or before the firfl Day of 
November next. 

His Excellency's Meffage of this Morning, relative to the Robbery of 
Jonathan Whilldin, was read the fecond Time, and Mr. Whilldin attend- 
ing, was called in and fully examined, and his Examination taken in 
Writing and figned by him ; and Mr. Daniel Hand, Colledor of Cape- 
's. May, 



i8 VOTESf Sec. of //;f General Assembly o/' New-Jersey, 



May, was alfb examined ; and the further Confideration thereof referred 
till To-morrow Morning, 

Upon the Application of Jofeph Borden, Efq. to this Houfe, 
Ordered, 

That John Pearfon, Michael NoivUn, John Flock, Abraham Woglam and 
Jofeph Skelton, Efq. do attend this Houfe on Thurfday the 25th of this 
Inftant November, at Ten o'Clock in the Morning, to teftify what they 
know relative to the Matters then to be heard before the Houfe, and 
that Mr. Borden do ferve them with timely Notice thereof. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. ' 

Friday, November 19, i773« 

The Houfe met. 

Four Petitions were prefented to the Houfe, and read, from many In- 
habitants of the County oi Somerfet, fetting forth, That the Managers for~ 
completing ^Kf^?iV Bridge over Raritan River have expended^. 328:4 : 2 
more than was granted by Law, and praying an Ad of AfTembly to 
raife that Sum upon the County ; the faid Petitions were ordered to be 
read a fecond Time. 

The Houfe refumed the Confideration of His Excellency's Meflage 
of Yefterday relative to the Robbery of Jonathan Whilldin ; after fome 
Time fpent therein, the Queftion was put, Whether the Houfe will go 
further into the Inquiry of this Matter or not ? It was carried in the 
Affirmative, Nem. Con. 
Ordered, 

That Samuel Spicer, Efq. Jofeph Cooper, Samuel Cooper and his Wife, 
Patrick Brady, Ifaac Jones and William Neal, do attend this Houfe 
on Monday n\\Q 29th of this Inftant November, at Two o'Clock Po/?- 
meridian, to teftify what they know relative to the fuppofed Robbery of 
Jonathan Whilldin. 
Ordered, 

That the Sergeant at Arms attending this Houfe do ferve the faid 
Witneffes with timely Notice of this Order. 
Ordered, 

That Jonathan Whilldin do then attend this Houfe. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from James Gray, praying a 
Law to relieve him with Refpcd to Damages fuftained from the Pro- 
ceedings of the Managers authorized by Law to remove ObftruClions 
in the R'lvev PaJ/aick, and reciting particularly the Circumftances of his 
Cafe ; the Petition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Thomas Reading, an Infol- 
vent Debtor, letting forth his Cafe, and praying Relief ; which was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Col. Ford and Mr, Hinchman are requefted to make Inquiry at Phi- 
ladelphia, and find out what Particulars they can with Refpedl to the 
fuppofed Robbery of Jonathan Whilldin. 

Mr. Fijljcr, 



i^th G. III. WILLIAiM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 19 



Mr. Fijher, in Purfuance of Leave granted laft Seffion, brought in a 
Bill, entitled, An Act for loivering the Intereji of Mo7iey to Six per Ceac 
■withiyi this Colony ; which was read, and ordered a lecond Reading. 

A Petition was prcfented to the Houfe from fundry Inhabitants of the 
City of Burlington^ praying a Law to declare Affifciink Creek, from the 
Mouth thereof up to the Company Dam, lately eredled acrofs the fame, 
to be in all Refpecls equal to a lawful Fence ; which Petition was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr, Crane, from the Committee appointed to that Service, brought iil 
a Bill, entitled. An ACXfor the better preferring of Oyfiers in the Colony 
cfNew-Jerfey ; which was read, and ordered to be read a fecond Tmie. 

Mr. Combs, from the Committee appointed for the Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled, An Act to repair and amend the Publick Roads and 
Streets in the 'Northern Ward of the City of Perth- Amboy, and to repair 
the Toivn Wharf in the f aid City, by a Tax on the Inhabitants of the f aid 
Northern Ward ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

By Leave of the Houfe, Mr. Ki?fey brought in a Bill, entitled, An. 
AA for returning of able and fufficient Juror s , and for the better Regulation 
of Juries ; which was read, and ordered a lecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Freeholders and 
others, refiding in the City of Burlington, and Parts adjacent, praying, 
That the Bridge over Crojjkvicks Creek, at the Place known by the Name 
of Watfon's Ferry, may be eftablilhed and made a Toll-Bridge; which 
was read, and referred to be confidered at the Time appointed for a 
Hearing of the feveral Parties for and againfl the faid Bridge. 

Mr. Roy, in Purfuance of Leave granted at laft Seffion, brought in a 
Bill, entitled. An A<Sifor more effectually fiipprejfing Vice and Immorality ; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Inhabitants of 
the City and County of Burlington, another was prefented from fundry 
Inhabitants of the Counties of Monmouth and Burlington, a third was 
prefented from other Inhabitants of Burlington Countv, and a fourth 
from a Number of the Inhabitants of the County ot Cumberland — all 
fetting forth tlie Mifchiefs arifing from perfonal Slavery, and praying 
an Alteration of th^ preient Laws regarding Slaves ; which feveral Peti- 
tions were read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Petition from Thomas Reading for a Law to relieve him, and the 
Petition of Ebenezer Coivell againfl it, were read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That the Parries do attend this Houfe on Friday the 26th Inftant, at 
10 o'clock, A. M. either by themfelves or their Attornles ; and that 
Thomas Reading do ferve Ebenezer Convell with a Copy of this Order 
in due Time for his Appearance. 

The Petition from Hunterdon, praying Leave to catch Fifli in the Ri- 
ver Delaiuare by driving the fame with Bruit Swabs, was read the 

fecond 



20 VOTESy &c. o/" z/?^ General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



fecond Time, and the Petition to the fame Purpofe referred from lafl 
Seffion, was alfo read ; after fome Debate, 
Ordered, 
That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next 
Seffion of General Aflembly for doing pubHck Bufinefs, provided 
they give publick Notice thereof in the P ennfyl'vania Gazette at leaft Six 
Weeks before the Seffion, and no reafonable Objedlions fhall then 
appear againft the fame. 

The Petition from the Owrners and PofleffiDrs of Tide Marfh and 
Swamp, lying on the South Weft Side of Raccoon Creek in the County of 
Gloiiccjier, for a Bill to credl Waterworks there ; was read the fecond 
Time ; and it appearing that due publick Notice of this Application has 
been given, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill : 

Whereupon Mr. Hinchnian in their Behalf brought in a Bill, entitled, 
An A(fl to enable the Oivners and PoJJeJ/brs of MarJJjes, Meadoivs and 
Sivampf, bounding on the South Wejl Side of Raccoon Creek, betiveen the 
Banks of Conftantine Wilkins and Conrad Shoemaker, in the Toivn/hip 
of Woolwich, and County o/'Gloucefter, Part thereof is known by the Name 
of the Thoroughfare Ifland, to flop out the Tide from overjioiving the 
fame; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Petition from the Owners and PofTeffiDrs of Marfh and Swamp 
in Upper-Penn s-Neck in the County of Salem, praying a Law to ere6l 
Waterworks to prevent the Tide from overflowing the fame ; was read 
the fecond Time ; and it appearing that due publick Notice of this 
Application has been given, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill : 

Whereupon Mr. Gibbon in their Behalf brought in a Bill, entitled. 
An A&. to enable the Oivners and Poffejfors of a Tra6l of Marf}} and 
Sivawp in Upper-Penn's-Neck in the County of Salem, to ereB and main- 
tain a Bank, Dam a7id other Waterivorks, in order to prevent theTidefrom 
overflonving the fa^ne ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Petition from Whitton Crips and others. Owners and PoiTelTors 
of a Tradl of Marfh and Meadow on Salem Creek, in Loiver-Penn s-Neck 
in the County of Salem, praying a Law to maintain the Bank and 
Works there ; was read the fecond Time ; and it appearing that due 
publick Notice of this Application has been given, 
Ordered, 
That they have Leave to bring in a Bill accordingly : 
Whereupon Mr. Hinchman in their Behalf brought in a Bill, entitled, 
An A61 to enable tie fiivners and Poffejfors of a Tra£l of Marfh and Mea- 
doiv in Lower-Perm*s-Neck in the County o/" Salem, to uphold and maintain 
a certain Bank for araining the faid MatfJj, and for other Purpofes therein 
mentioned ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Petition from Daniel Hand, Colledlor of the County of Cape-May^ 
for a Law for his Relief, was read the fecond Time ; 

Ordered, 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 2i 

Ordered, 
That the Confideration thereof be referred till Monday the 2yth of 
this Inflant. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'clock. 
Saturday, November 20, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

The Petition from the Owners and Pofleflbrs of low Lands lying on 

both Sides of Pequejl, and the feveral Branches thereof, in the County 

of Sujfex, for a Law to drain the fame ; was read the fecond Time ; and 

it appearing that due publick Notice of this Application hath been given, 

Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

The Bill, entitled, An AA/or loiver'mg the Interejl of Money to Six per 
Cent ivithin this Colony ; was read the fecond Time, amended in the 
Houfe, and upon the Queftion agreed to Ne7?i. Con. and ordered to be 
engroffed. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe, and read, from divers Inha- 
bitants of the Townfhip of Maidenhead, in the County of Hunterdon^ 
praying. That the Bridge over Crojpwicks Cvcok, at the Place known by the 
Name of Watfon's Ferry, may be eflablilhed and ere(5led into a Toll- 
Bridge ; 

Ordered, 

That the fame be read again on Thurfday the 2 j-th Inflant. 

Mr. Sykes, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled. An Adt 
to enable fundry of the Owners and Poffejfors of Meadoivs and Tide Marjh 
lying on Mafon'j Creek in the ToivnJJjip oj Evefham, and County o/" Burling- 
ton, to erect and maintain a Bank, Dam and other Waterivorks acrofs the 
faidCreek, in order to prevent the Tide from overfloiving the fame, was com- 
mitted, reported the fame with feveral Amendments thereto ; and the 
Bill was read with the Amendments in their Places, and, the Bill being 
further amended in the Houfe, upon the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Bill as amended be engroffed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Nine o*Clock, 
Monday, November 22, 1773. 

The Houle met. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, An A€t for lowering the Interejl of Money 
to Six per Cent ivithin this Colony, was read and compared ; on the 
Queftion, 

Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs, 

F The 



22 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 

The EngrofTed Bill, entitled, An Ad to enable fundry of the Oivners 
and Pojfejfors of Meadows and Tide Marfjj lying on Mafon'j Creek in the 
Toivnfhip of Evefham, and County of Burlington, to erect and maintain 
a Bank, Dajn and other Waterworks acrofs the faid Creek, in order to pre- 
'vent the Tide from overflowing the fame ; was read and compared ; on the 
Queftion, 

Refolvcd, 

That the fame do pafs. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Fijloer and Mr. Wetherill do carry the faid two Bills to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

The Bill, entitled, AnkSito enable the Owners and Poffeffors ofMarfhes, 
Meadows and Swarnps bounding on the South Wefl Side of Raccoon Creek^ 
betiveen the Banks of Conftantine Wilkins and Conrgd Shoemaker, in 
the Townflnp of Woolwich, in the County of Gloucefter, Part thereof is 
known by the Name of the Thoroughfare Ifland, to flop out the Tide 
from overflowing the fame ; was read the fecond Time, and committed 
to Mr. Gibbon and Mr. Holme. 

The Petition from Cape-May, praying, That a Toll-Drawbridge may be 
ereded acrofs Cedar Swamp Creek in that County, was read the fecond 
Time ; 

Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill at next Seflion of 
Affembly, provided they give publick Notice thereof in the Pentfyhatiia 
Gazette at leaft Six Weeks before the faid Seflion, and no reafonable 
Objedlion fliall then appear againft the fame. 

The Bill, entitled, An Ad to enable the Owners and Poffeffors of aTr ad. 
of MarfJj and Swamp in Upper-Penn's-Neck, in the County of Salem, to 
ered and maintain a Bank, Dam and other Waterworks, in order to prevent 
the Tide from overflowing the fame ; was read the fecond Time, amended 
in the Houfe, and, upon the Queftion, agreed to, and ordered to be 
engrofled. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from a large Number of the 
Inhabitants of the Counties of Eflex and Middlefex, fetting forth the 
Mifchiefs arifing from the Pradice of perfonal Slavery, and praying an 
Alteration of the prefent Laws regarding Slaves ; which was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading, 

The Bill, entitled. An Ad to enable the Owners andPofleffors of a Tract 
of Marflj and Meadow in Lower-Penn's-Neck, in the County o/' Salem, to 
7iphold and maintain a certain Bank for draining the faid Marflj, and for 
other Purpofes therein mentioned; was read the fecond Time, amended 
in the Houfe, and, upon the Queftion, agreed to, and ordered to be 
engrofled. 

The Petitions from5o;«fr/^; for railing the Sum of^, 328 : 4 : 2 for com- 
pleting ^leens-Bridge over Raritan River, were read the fecond Time; 
Ordered, 
That Leave be given for bringing in a Bill for the Purpofe at the 

next 



i4,th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 23 

___^ , \ 

next Seffion of General Aflerably, upon Notice being given in Gaines 

Neiv-Tork News-Paper at leaft Six Weeks before the laid Sellion, and 

no reafonable Objedion then appearing againft the fame. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Ad fo enable the Oiimers and Pojfef- 
fors of a TraH of Marfh and Meadow hi Lower-Penn's-Neck, in the 
Comity o/' Salem, to uphold and maintain a certain Bank for draining {1?e 
faid MarfJj, and for other Purpofes therein mentioned ; was read and com- 
pared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 

That the fame do pafs. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Gibbon and Mr. Eldridge do carry the fame to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

Mr. Fi/her reported, That Mr, Wetherill and Himfelf delivered the 
two Bills with them intruded to the Speaker of the Council. 

The Bill, entitled. An Act for returning of able and fufficietxt Jurors, and 
for the better Regulation of Juries, was read the fecond Time, and com- 
mitted to Mr. Crane, Mr. Price and Mr. Tucker. 

The feveral Petitions from Monmouth County for and againft building 
a Poorhoufe and Houfe of Corredlion there, were read the fecond Time ; 
the Queftion was put, Whether the Confideration thereof be referred 
till next Seffion, or that Leave be given to bring in a Bill then, upon 
giving the ufual Notice ? It was carried for the former ; 
Ordered, 

That the Confideration thereof be referred till next SefTion. 

The Bill, entitled, An A€i for more effectually fuppreffing Vice and Im" 
morality, was read the fecond Time, and committed to Mr. Tucker^ 
Mr. Laivrence and Mr. Gibbon. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Tuefday, November 2-^, ijll. % 

The Houfe met. 
A Petition was prefented to the Houfe, and read, from fundry Free- 
holders of the City ' of Burlington, fetting forth the diftreffed State of 
Slavery, and praying a Pxevifion and Amendment of the prefent Laws 
refpecling Slaves ; 
Ordered, 
That the Petition have a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Gibbon reported, That Mr. Eldridge and Himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled. An Ad to enable the Owners and Pojfeffors 
of a Tract of MarfJj and Swamp in Upper-Penn's-Neck, in the County of 
Salem, to ere^i and maintain a Banky Dam and other IVaterworks, in order 

to 



24 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



to prevent the Tidefrmn overflcwing the fame ; was read and compared ; 
on the Queflion, 
Refolved^ 

That the fame do pafs. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Holme and Mr. Elmer do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe, and read, from fundry Inha- 
bitants of the City of Burlington, praying, That Affifcunk Creek may not 
be made a lawful Fence, as prayed for by other Petitioners this Seflion j 
Ordered, 

That the Petition be read a fecond Time. 

Mr. Crane, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, AnhCtfor 
the better Reg2ilatio7i of Juries, was committed, reported the fame with 
one Amendment ; the Bill was read with the Amendment in its Place ; 
and the Bill being further amended in the Houfe, on the Queflion, the 
fame, as amended, was agreed to, and ordered to be engroiled. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Crane, Mr. Sykes, Mr. Tucker^ Mr. Dema- 
reji, Mr. Hinchman and Mr. Sheppard, or any three of them, be a Com- 
mittee to join a Committee of the Council, to adjuft the Weflern Trea- 
furer's Accounts, and burn the cancelled Money in his Hands, and 
make Report to the Houfe. 

Ordered, 
That the lame Committee, or any three of them, do, in Conjundllon 
with a Committee of the Council, fettle all publick Lottery Accounts 
that may come before the Houfe this Seflion. 
Ordered^ 
That Mr. Dey and Mr. Roy do inform the Council thereof, and defire 
the Council to appoint a Committee to join the Committee of this Houfe, 
together with the Time and Place of Meeting. 

Ordered, 

That Mr. FifJjer, Mr, Price, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Mehelm and Mr. Heiju- 
* lings, or any three of them, be a Committee to fettle all publick Ac- 
counts that may come before the Houfe this Seflion, and make Report 
to the Houfe. 

The Bill, entitled, An A(Eifor the better preferring of Oyfiers in the 
Colony o/'New-Jerfey, was read the fecond Time, amended in the Houfe, 
and, upon the Queflion, agreed to, and ordered to be engrofled. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Freeholders and 
Inhabitants of Monmouth County, fetting forth the diftrefled State of 
Slaves, and praying a Revifal and Amendment of the Laws which re- 
late to Slaves ; the Petition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Dey reported, That Mr. Roy and Himfelf delivered the Meflage 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor, as 



The Houfe met. 

Mr. Holme reported, That Mr. Elmer and Himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intailted to the Speaker in Council. 

Four Petitions were preiented to the Houfe, and read, from the 
County of SoJiierfet^ praying a Law to raife a Sum of Money on that 
County, for building a Bridge over Raritan, near Mr. Dirck Van 
Vegbte's ; all which were ordered to be read a fecond Time, 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Inhabitants of 
Somerfet and Morris, praying, That no Law may pafs to hinder private 
Perfons from weaving their own Cloth ; which was read, and ordered 
to be read a fecond Time. 

A Petition from the Townfhip of Barnard, in the County of SoiJierfet, 
was prefented, praying a Law to enable the Inhabitants of that Town- 
lliip to repair their Highways by Tax ; which was read, and ordered a 
lecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from divers Inhabitants of the 
Counties of Middle/ex and Somerfet, praying, That the Managers for 
completing the Bridge over Raritan at Raritan Landing, may be re- 
imburfed Monies laid out on that Bridge more than was allowed by 
Law ; the fame was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Inhabitants of the 
County of Gloucejler, praying an Alteration of the prefent Laws con- 
cerning the Manumillion of Slaves ; which was read, and ordered to 
be read a fecond Time. 

A Petition from fundry Inhabitants of the County of Gloucejler was 
prefented, fetting forth the Mifchiefs happening from the Pradice of 
Foxhunting, and praying Redrefs ; which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

Message from the Council by Mr. Coxe, defiring the Concurrence 
of this Houfe to fundry Amendments made to the Bill, entitled, 
An Acl to naturalize Lucas Van Beverhoudt ; 

Whereupon the faid Bill was read with the Amendments in their 
Places ; and tipon the Qiieftion, the Amendments were agreed to ; 
Ordered, 
That the Bill be re-engrofled with the Council's Amendments. 

On a Motion made • 

Ordered, 
That Mr. VVetherill, Mr. FiJJjer and Mr. Kinfey, be a Committee to 
prepare and bring in a Bill to prohibit the eredling of Lotteries, Horfe- 
racing and Cockfighting, and to reflrain Shooting-Matches — and Mr. 
Speaker is defired to affift the Committee. 

The EngrofTed Bill, entitled. An hckfor the better preferring of Oyjlers 
in the Colony o/" New-Jerfey, was read and compared} on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 

That the fame do pafs. 

G Ordered^ 



A 



2.6 VOTES^ &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



Ordered., 
That Mr. Taylor and Mr. Combs do carry the Bill to the Council for 
Concurrence. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'clock To-morrow Morning. 

Wednefday, November 24, 177^. 

The Houfe met. 
A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from a Number of the princi- 
pal Freeholders in the County of Gloucejler, fetting forth the calami- 
tous Condition of Slavery, and praying for an Alteration of the Laws for 
manumitting of Slaves ; the fame was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Bill Re-engrofTed, with the Council's Amendments, entitled, An 
Ad to naturalize Lucas Van Beverhoudt ; was read and compared ; 
Ordered, * 

That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Winds and Mr. Pet tit do carry the faid Bill to the Council. 
TheEngrolFed Bill, entitled, Anh6ifor the better Regulation of Juries, 
was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolded, Nevi. Con. 
That the fame do pais. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fiper and Mr. Wetherill do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

Mr. Taylor reported. That Mr. Combs and Himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Wetherill, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, 
brought in a Bill, entitled, A Supplemetitary Ad to an Aff, entitled. An 
Ad for regulating Fences ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

Mr. Winds reported, That Mr. Pettit and Himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The feveral Petitions prefented this Seffion, praying that private Per- 
fons may not be debarred from weaving their own Cloth, were read 
the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That the further Confideration thereof be deferred. 

The Petition from the County oiGloucefer, praying a Law to fupprefs 
the Pradice of Foxhunting in that County, was read the fecond Time ; 
after fbme Debate the Queftion was put, Whether the Prayer of the 
Petitioners be granted or not ? It pafled in the Affirmative ; 

Ordered, 

That the Members for the County of Gloucejler do bring in a Bill 
accordingly. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M, The 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 27 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Fijher reported, That Mr. Wether'ill and Himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Bill, entitled, An hetfor the Relief of Ahner Hetfield, an Infohent 
Debtor, was read the fecond Time, amended in the Houfe, and, upon 
the Queftion, agreed to, and ordered to be engrofled. 

In Purfuance of Leave granted at laft SefDon Mr. Moores in Behalf of 
the Petitioner brought in a Bill, entitled. An A6t for the Relief of Ja- 
cob Kemper, an Infolvent Debtor ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Petition from Cape-May, praying, That private Perfons may not 
be prohibited from tanning their own Leather, was read the fecond 
Time, and the Confideration thereof deferred. 

The Petition from Robert Doughty and others, praying a Law for 
erecting a Bank acrofs Abfecom Creek, in the County of Gloucejler, was 
read the fecond Time ; and as it does not appear to the Houfe that pub- 
lick Notice has been given of this Application ; 
Ordered, 

That the Confideration thereof be referred to the next Seffion of Af- 
fembly, and that the Petitioners do give Notice of their Intention in the 
Penrfyl'uania Gazette at leaft Six Weeks before the Seffion. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Tbiirfday, November 25, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engrofled Bill^ entitled. An A^ifor the Relief of Ahner Hetfield, 
an Infohent Debtor, was read and compai-ed ; on the Queftion, 
Refilled, 

That the fame do pafs. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Mehelm and Mr. Gibbon do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

Mr. Mehelm reported, That Mr. Gibbon and Himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to Mr. Stockton, one of the Gentlemen of the Coun- 
cil, the Council not fitting. 

According to Order, the Parties for and againft a Law for erecfling 
CroJpvLHcks Creek Bridge into a Toll-Bridge attending, were called in, 
and feveral Petitions for and againft the Meafure being read, the fur- 
ther Confideration of the Matter was referred till the Afternoon. 

Mr. Fi/Jjer, from the Committee appointed for that Service, brought 
in a Bill, entitled. An A^ to pofpone for one Month the Payment of the 
feveral Taxes hereafter to be afeffed in this Colony, by Virtue of an Ail^ 
entitled, An Adl to fettle the ^otas of the feveral Comities of this Colony for 
the levying Taxes, and to compel the AjfeJ/ors of the feveral Counties to re- 
turn Duplicates of the next Tears AJJejfments into the Treafury at or bef-.re 

the 



aS VOTESy &c. o/'./Atf General Assembly (?/" New-Jersey. 



thejirjl Day of November next ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

A Mess AGE from the Council by Mr. Skinner, informing the Houfe, 
That the Council have pafTed the Bill, entitled, An Ad to enable fun- 
dry of the O-wners andPofeJfors ofMeadoivs and Tide Mar//} lying on Mafon'j 
Creeky in the To'wnJInp of Evefham, and County o/" Burlington, to ere£l 
and maintain a Bank, Dam and other Waterivorks acrofs thtfaid Creek, in 
order to prevent the Tide from overflo-wing the fame. 

The Bill, entitled, An A<51 to enable the Owners and Pojfejfors of a Tra6i 
of Marflj and Meadoiv z« Lower- Penn's-Neck, in the County of Salem, 
to uphold and jnaintain a certain Bank for draining the f aid Marfh, and for 
other Purpofes therein mentioned. 

The Bill, entitled. An Adl to enable the Oivners and PoJJeffors of a Trafl 
of MarfJj and Sivamp in Upper-Penn's-Neck, in the County o/'Salem, to 
ereB and jnaintaiyi a Bank, Dam and other JVaterivorks^ in order to prevent 
the Tide from overfotving the fame : 

And the Bill, entitled, An A€tfor the better preferring of Oyflers in the 
Colony of New-Jerfey, without any Amendments. 

The Houfe refumed the Confideration of the feveral Petitions concern- 
ing the Bridge over Crojpivicks Creek, and the Parties attending, were 
called in, and the Witnefles produced by the Petitioners for the Bridge 
were examined, having been firft duly qualified, namely, William 
Worth, John Flock, Michael Noivlin, Abraham E''oglam, John Pearfon, 
and Jofeph Charnbers, fworn ; and Benjamin Gibbs, John Thorn, Timothy 
Bunting and Jofeph Skelton, Efq. being of the People called Quak- 
ers, affirmed — then the further Confideration thereof was referred till 
To-morrow Morning. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Friday, November 26, lyj'^. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill, entitled, An A€t to repair and ame^id the publick Roads and 
Streets in the Northern JVard of the City of Perth- Amboy, and to repair 
the Town Wharf in the faid City by a Tax on the Inhabitants of the f aid 
Northern Ward, and for other Ufes and Purpofes therein mentioned ; was 
read the fecond Time, amended in the Houfe, and upon the Quefiion, 
agreed to, and ordered to be engrofled. 

According to Order, the Houfe refumed the Confideration of the 
Controverfy about CroJJkvicks Creek Bridge, and the Parties attending, 
were called in, and the Witnefles produced by the Petitioners for abo- 
lifhing the Bridge, were examined, having been firfi: duly qualified, 
namely, Charles Vandyke, Aaron ^aghy and John Taylor, fworn ; and 
Thomas Marie, George Playter and Samuel Steven/bn, being of the People 

called 



i4th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 



29 



called Quakers, affirmed — the Determination of the Matter was defer- 
red till the Afternoon. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 
A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Jacob Chefnutivood, fetting 
forth, That he was born within the Dominions of foreign Powers in 
Amity with Great-Britain, has refided upwards of Twenty Years in this 
Colony, and is defirous of being naturalized ; the fame was read, and 
ordered a lecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented from fundry Freeholders and Inhabitants of 
the County of Burlitigton, fetting forth the hard Condition of the 
Slaves in this Country, and praying an Alteration of the Laws in Favour 
of Slaves ; the Petition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Ebenezer Convell, fetting 
forth the State of his Controverfy with Thomas Reading, and praying 
that no Aa may pafs in Favour of the faid Thomas Reading as he has 
petitioned for ; the fame was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

According to Order, the Houfe refumed the Confideration of the 
Evidence for and againft the Continuance of the Drawbridge over Croff- 
nvicks Creek, at the Place known by the Name of Wat/on s Ferry ; after 
fome Debate the Queflion was put, Whether the faid Bridge fhall be 
continued or not ? It was carried in the Affirmative as follows, viz. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 

Mr. Wethcnll, 

Mr. Moores, 

Mr. Taylor, 

Mr. Crane, 

Mr. Garritfe, 

Mr. Fijher, 

Mr. Roy, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Dey, 

Mr. Demarcjl, 
Col. Ford, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 



Mr. 


Eldridge, 


Mr. 


Tucker, 


Mr. 


Mehelm, 


Mr. 


Elmer, 


Mr. 


Van Home, 


Mr. 


Pcttit. 



Nays. 

Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Hew lings, 
Mr. Pax/on, 

Mr. Sykes, 

Mr. Hinchman, 

Mr. Price, 

Mr. Sheppard. 



Then the Queflion was put, Whether the Bridge fhall be maintained 
by Toll, or be a free Bridge ? It pafTed for the latter. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fiflier, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Demarejl, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Ford, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Pettit. 



Nays. 

Mr. Wethcrill, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Paxfon, 
Mr. Sykes, 



Nays. 

Mr. Hinchman^ 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr, Hand, 
Mr. Eldridgey 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Van Home. 



And thereupon the Queftion was put, Whether the faid Bridge fhall 
be rebuilt and repaired at the Charge of the County of Burlington, or 
of the Townfhips of Nottiiigbain and Chejierjidd ? It was carried for a 
Charge on the County. 

H Yeas 



3° 



VOTES, Sac. of the General Assembly ef New-Jersey. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. iloj. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Dey, 

Mr. Demarejl, 
Col. iv?r^, 
Mr. Jf/«^j, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. HewUngs, 
Mr. Paxfon, 
Mr. Sy^fJ, 
Mr. Pr/Vf, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Gi^i<jw, 
Mr. Hfl«f/, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Ffl« Home, 
Mr. Pe«/V. 



Nays. 

Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Ho/mi?. 



Ordered, 
That Col. i^o/i and Mr. Mehelm do bring in a Bill accordingly. 

Mr. Frtw ^onz^ had Leave of Abfence, upon urgent Bufinefs, until 
Wednefday Morning next. 

Mr. Price had Leave of Abfence, upon urgent Bufinefs, until Monday 
Morning next. 

Mr. Crane had Leave of Abfence, upon urgent Bufinefs, until Wed- 
nefday Morning next. 

According to Order, the fevei'al Petitioners for and againft a Law for 
the Eredion of a Dam over Nacut Creek, in the County of Gloucejlery 
attending, were called in, and their feveral Allegations and written 
Evidences fully heard j upon the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Parties for a Dam have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 
Saturday, November 27, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Adl to repair and amend the publick 
Roads and Streets in the Northern Ward of the City o/" Perth- Amboy, and 
io repair the Toivn Wharf in the fiid City by a Tax on the Inhabitants of the 
[aid Northern Ward, and for other Ufes and Purpofes therein mentioned ; 
was read and compared j on the Queftion, 
\ Refolved, 

That the iame do pafs. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Demarejl, 
Col. Ford, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Pettit. 



Nays. 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Paxfon, 
Mr. Sykcs, 



Nays. 

Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Hdlme, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer. 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Combs and Mr. Eldridge do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. A MeflTage 



i4,th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 31 



A 



Message from the Council by Mr. Stockton acquainting the Houle, 
That the Council have pafTed the Bill, entitled, An Adl for the 
Relief of Abner Hetfield, an Infol-vent Debtor^ without any Amendment. 

The Houfe refumed the Confideration of the Prayer of Thomas Read- 
ing for Relief, and of the Petition from Ebenezer Convell againft it ; 
which by Order of the Houfe was to have been heard Yefterday, 
but on Account of other BuGnefs was poftponed jCill To-day, and both 
Parties now attending, were called in, and their feveral Allegations, 
v.'ritten Evidences, andone Witnefs, fully heard, theWitnefs having been 
firft qualified, namely John Gregg^ being of the People called ^takers, 
afErmed, produced by Thomas Reading. 

On the Queftion, Whether the Petitioner Reading have Leave to bring 
in a Bill or not ? It pafled in the Negative. 

Nays. 

Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer. 
Ordered, 
That the Petition of Thomas Reading do lie on the Table. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Ten o'Clock. 
Monday, November 2p, 1773. 



Yeas. 


Yeas. 


Nays. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


M^. Fijher, 


Mr. Hinchman, 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. Roy, 


TVIr. Tucker, 


Mr. Lawrence, 


Mr. Dey, 


Mr. Mehelm, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. Pax/on, 


Mr. Pettit. 


Mr. Demareji, 
Col. Ford, 
Mr. Winds, 



The Houfe met. 

The Petition from Jacob Chefniitivood, a Foreigner, praying an Adl for 
his Naturalization, was read the fecond Time, together with a Certifi- 
cate of his having taken the folemn Affirmation, and made and fub- 
fcribed the Declaration by Law appointed ; • 

Ordered, 

That he have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

The Bill, entitled. An Acl to pojlpone for one Month the Payment of the 
feveral Taxes hereafter to be affejfed in this Colony by Virtue of an ASl^ 
entitled, Anh6\ to fettle the ^otas of the feveral Counties of this Colony for 
the levying Taxes, and to compel the AJfeffors of the feveral Counties to return 
Duplicates of the next Tears Affeffments into the Treafury at or before the 
firfl Day o/" November «fx^, was read the fecond Time, and committed to 
Mr. Paxfon, Mr. Lawrence and Mr. Sheppard. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fiflier, Mr. Laivrence, Mr. Hinchtnan, Mr. Paxfon and 
Mr. Mehelm, be a Committee to prepare and bring in a Bill for regulat- 
ing Roads and Bridges. 

The 



J 



32 VOTES, &c. of ?Z?f General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



The Bill, entitled, A Supplementary Ad to an AB, entitled^ An AAfor 
regulating Fences, was read the fecond Time, and committed to Mr. 

Laivrence, Mr. Moores and Mr. Winds. 

In Purfuance of the Leave granted Mr. Hinchman, in Behalf of the 
Petitioners, brought in a Bill, entitled, An A€i for ereSlhig a Dam, Mills 
and other Waterivorks on Nacut Creek, in the County of Gloucefter, and to 
indemnify thofe ivbofe Property may be injured thereby ; which was read, 
and ordered to be read a fecond Time. 

The Petition from jfohn JackfonSuttomnd others, for the Removal of the 
Bank over Engliflj s Creek, in the Connty of Burlington, lower down 
the faid Creek, was read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 
That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

The Petition from Jofeph Rue for Relief, and the Petition of George 
Cook againfl it, were read the fecond Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the ConCderation thereof be referred to the next Seffion at 

Perth-Amboy. 

A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr. Deputy Secretary Pettit. 
^Message /o ^/j^ A s s e m b l y. 

Gentle m e n, ^ 

AFTER fo full a Communication of the Papers relative to the 
Robbery of the Treafury had been made to you at the Opening 
of the Sefiion, I did not imagine you could poffibly have been at any 
Lofs to difcover my Reafons for mentioning that Ailair as being brought 
to Light. However, as you have thought proper to requeft that I would 
give you the " particular Reafons" on which my Sentiments are founded, 
I Ihall, as I would willingly oblige you in every Thing in my Power, 
take the Pains to extradl from thofe Papers fuch Parts as have more im- 
mediate Relation to the Subject, and acquaint you with fuch Circum- 
ftances as have induced me to adopt and ftill retain the Opinion I cx- 
prefled to you with Regard to that Matter. This I fhould have done 
Iboner had I not been prevented by Indiipolition. 

The firfl: Intimation of the Affair was given by David Reynolds, in his 
Confeffion on Oath before the Honourable Judge Ogden, on the i 7th 
of Augiijl 1773, and is as follows, viz. — " Samuel Ford fa.id he had had 
" good Luck and would let him [^Reynolds'\ have a Hundred Pounds or 
" what Money he wanted. This Examinant afl<:ed him how he got it: 
" he replied, have you not heard that the Treafiiry was robbed ? I have 
" got hold of one End of it ; i'o took this Examinant along the Lane over 
'• a Bridge and from under a Log, he pulled out a large Paper of Money 
" and Ihevved feveral Twelve and Fifteen Shilling Bills, and put theMo- 

" ney in his Pocket," 6'f.- " They then went to the Houle, and this 

" Examinant alked him for the Money, but Ford laid he would bring it 
" to this Examinant's Floufe. And in a few Days the faid Samuel Ford 
" came to this Examinant's Houfe and gave this Examinant One 

Hundred 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 29 



" Hundred and Ten Pounds or thereabouts ; that Samuel Ford (aid it ivas 
" Treafury Money. The greateil Part of it appeared old, and only 
•' about Fifteen Pounds of it new. That he took this Examinanc's Bond 
*' for the fame." 

On the 17th of September^ the Morning of his Execution, he made 
this further Confeffion on Oath, before Samuel Ogden and Samuel Tut billy 
Efquires, 'uiz. " That when Samuel Ford came to the Houfe of this 
*' Examinant about three and a Half Years ago and brought him che 
Sumof ^. no, as mentioned in this Examinant's former Confeffion 
*' taken the 17th Day oi Augiiji laft," i^c. " the faid Ford pretending to 
" be unwell went up Stairs where this Examinant hearing the faid Ford 
" walk the Room followed him, and looking through the Key-hole faw 
*' Ford ftand near a Walnut Table cutting Bills out of a Sheet ; that 
" thereupon this Examinant opened the Door and when he had entered 
*' the Room he faw a Sheet confining of three Bills of the Likenefs of the 
*' Paper Currency oi Neiv-Jerfey lying on the Table {to ivit) one Bill 
" of Thirty Shillings at the Top, one ditto of Fifteen Shillings next be- 
*' low, and laft of all one Bill of Twelve Shillings ; that this Examinant 
*' enquired of Ford where he got this new Money, to which Ford an- 
*' fwered it is Treafury Money, and I have got hold of one End of the 
*' Treafury, and have the Number of every one of the Bills that were 
" taken out of the Treafury. And this Examinant further faith that 
*' he believes the Bills fo given him in Sheets were true Bills of Credit of 
*' this Province of Neiu-Jer/ey, and, from all that paffed between this 
*' Examinant and faid Ford, this Examinant thinks and verily believes 
" that faid Bills -w^r^ Part of the Bills of Credit of this Province ofnx'hich 
" the Treafury of this Province vuas robbed in the Year 1768. And this 
** Examinant further faith that one of the new Bills which this Exami- 
*' nant received of faid Ford of the Denomination of i^s. arid of 
*' the Likenefs of the faid Fifteen Shilling Bill fo cut out of the Sheet as 
*' above-mentioned was delivered to Thomas Anderfon, Efq. of Suffex by 
" this Examinant, who, as this Examinant believes, carried the iaid Bill 

to Burlington, where faid Anderfon informed this Examinant he had 

it examined and that it was approved of andjudged to be good, and that 
" faid Anderfon brought this Examinant back for faid Bill two Dollars. 
*' And this Examinant further faith that he doth not know nor believe 
" that Samuel Ford had Materials fufficient to counterfeit Money from the 
" Time of his being apprehended at New-York in 1769 until he went 
" to England in 177 1. And this Examinant further faith that he re- 
" ceived faid £. i JO in Gold, Half Johannes, Silver and Pennfylva- 
" nia Money about £. 86, inYork Money about £. 6, and in Jerfeyncvr 
" Bills about /:. 18. 

Now the Circumil;ances which, in my Opinion, corroborate the Tef- 
timony oi Reynolds in this Refpedl, are, 

I . His firil Confeffion is a mere Narrative of his Tranfadions with 
Ford and the reft of his Gang from the Beginning of his Connexion 
with them, and what he has laid refpeding the Treafury came quite 
voluntarily from him without his being alked any Queftion concerning 
it, or fo much as a fingle Word being faid on that Subjecl, and without 

I any 



iC 



30 VOTES, &CC. of r/?^ General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



any one prefent having the leaft Expedlation that he meant to fay any 
Thing but what related to the Counterfeiting of Paper Currency, the 
Matter for wliich he was apprehended. — Of this the amplefl Teflimony 
can be given if thought neceffary. 

2. His fecond Confeffon was made a little Time before he was led 
out to Execution, and after he had been previoufly prepared for, and 
was well aflured he had nothing to expecl but Death. 

3. Both his ConfefTions appear evidently to have been made with 
an Intention of revealing all he knew, and thereby making all the 
Atonement in his Power to the Publick he had injured ; for from the firft 
of his being taken he gave up all Hopes of faving his Life, and when 
he was informed in Gaol that there was an Intention of attempting his 
Refcue, he declared he did not defire it, being confcious that he had re- 
peatedly deferved Death for the Crimes he had committed. 

4. His ConfefTions have accordingly been found confiftent with Truth 
in fuch Particulars as we have yet been able to difcover, even to feveral 
minute Circumftances. — And the Bond, dated January 16, 1770, has 
been produced and laid before your Houfe for the £. no he had bor- 
rowed from Ford, as mentioned in his firft Confeflion, on which are 
Receipts for the feveral Sums paid in Difcharge thereof. 

5. Several Weeks after his Execution it being reported that he had, 
during his Confinement, likewifemade aConfefilon to the Reverend Mr. 
Johnes a Presbyterian Minifter refpeding the Robbery of the Treafury, 
the Honourable Judge Ogden applied to that Gentleman to know the 
Truth of that Report, and received from him the following Cer- 
tificate, viz. 

" It fell to my Province as a Clergyman to vifit the unhappy Pri- 

" foners under Sentence of Condemnation in Morris County Gaol, and 

" in theCourfe of my Converfationwas led more than once to interrogate 

" David Reynolds refpeding the Robbery of the Treafury ; he told me 

" at my firft queftioning, that he wanted fome Money and applied to 

" Samuel Ford to recommend him to Col. Ford of whom he hoped to 

" obtain it, and Samuel Ford told him there was no Need of that, and 

" fliewed him a large Quantity of Money hid under a certain Log ; and 

" upon faid Reynold's Inquiry into the Matter, fays Ford, have you 

" not heard of the Robbery of the Treafury ? Yes fays Reynolds ; well 

" fays Ford, I had hold of one End of it, but did not let him have the 

" Money at that Time but carried it to him afterwards, if I don't miftake 

" to the Amount of about £. no, and {AidReytwlds told me he believed, 

" both when he received the Money, and when he told me, that it ivas 

" Treafury Money. I told him it was a very important Affair and he 

*' would do well to recolledt every Thing he could, as it would give 

" Satisfadtion to Government to know how and by whom it was rob- 

" bed, and tend to clear the Charafler of a certain worthy Geniieman 

" that lies under Imputations, by fome. He told me afterwards that 

" he had recollected this further, that when faid Ford came to his 

" Houfe and brought the Money, that faid Ford pretended he was un- 

" well and wanted a Bed, he accordingly direcled him to a Chamber 

" where after fome Time, faid Reynolds went foftly to the Door and, as 

I remember, 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 31 



" I remember, looked through the Key-hole and faw Ford bufy at a 
" Table, opened the Door fuddenly, went into the Room and found 
" faid Ford cutting Isciv-Jerfey Bills apart with his Penknife, as though 
" they were in Sheets ; and, upon Converfation, Ford told him that he 
" had the Number of all the Bills in the Treafury ; and further he faid 
" not. — This at the Requefl: of the Honourable Judge Ogden I have put 
" into Writing, and do believe, as far as this Evidence will go, that it 
" may be depended upon, as faid Reynolds appeared to me a true Peni- 
•' tent, and ihall be heartily glad if this with other Evidences may 
*' ferve to give fatlsfadlory Light in this obfcure and moft wicked 
" Affair. — Teftified as a faithful Declaration from Da'vid Reynolds, by 

MORRI S To W N. / 

Oclober s, ini-)> 'T^^- JOHNES." 

6. This Confeffion made in private to a Mlnifter of the Gofpel, who 
was afllfting him in his Preparations for another World, fo exadlly 
correfpondlng with the one he had before made in publlck, cannot but 
give great Weight to his ^eftimony ; efpecially when we confider the 
Frame of Mind he was ift at the Time, his having no Hopes of Life 
nor any poflible Temptation whatever to make fuch a Declaration un- 
lefs it was true. — He well knew that if he was to die no Benefit could 
refult to him from it, and if he had made it on an Expectation given 
him that he fhould be pardoned (as fome, I am told, have foolilhly, or 
rather wickedly affedled to believe) he would naturally, as foon as he 
found himfelf likely to be difappointed, have made a contrary Con- 
felTion, and expofed the Perfon who had deceived him. But when 
he was aflced, juft before he was turned off, whether he had any thing 
further to fay, he declared that he had not, for that he had before con- 
feffed all he knew of any Confequence to the Publick, and that what he 
had confeffed was true, or Words to that Effedl, — Not to give Credit to 
the repeated Affertions of a Man confcious of his being juft launching 
into Eternity, and who, as the Reverend Divine that attended him de- 
clares, was then to all Appearance a true Petiitent (whatever his former 
Conduct might have been) would argue fuch a Want of Charity as is 
dKgraceful to human Nature ; more particularly in a Cafe like the pre- 
lent, where no one Thing has appeared in Evidence to the contrary. 
Here therefore. Gentlemen, I might fafely reft the Proofs of my having 
had fufficlent Authority for mentioning in my Speech that the Affair of 
the Robbery of the Treafury was brought to Light. But for your Sa- 
tisfa'Slion, and in Hopes of preventing Difputes, I fhall proceed to con- 
fider fome of the other Evidence which was laid before you refpecling 
this Point. — From the laft Confellion of Benjamin Cooper, taken before 
Samuel Ogden and Samuel Tutbill, Efquires, on the 24th of September, 
the following is extracted — 'uiz. 

'• In 1760 Samuel iTori himfelf removed to Nenv-Tork, I believe early 
" in the Year, and there applied himfelf to procuring Materials for 
" counterfeiting Money, and to gain a Knowledge therein, as alfo any 
" other Bufinels that Ihould occur. He remained there at the Lodgings 
" of Mrs. Blaiv fome Time until he could find fome convenient Houfe 

*'in 



32 VOTES, &c. o/'fAf General Assembly o/* New-Jersey. 



" in a proper Part of the Town to be rented, when at laft he procured 
" a Houfe in the back Part of the Town, where he generally Uved when 
*' at his Bufinefs as before, though he ftill lived Part of his Time at 
*' Mrs. B/azus, and fome other Part at his Houfe (as Batchelor's Hall) 
•' following no Bufinefs in an honeft Way as I heard of. — Sometime in 
*' the Fall of 1768 I went to New-York ; I put up at Mrs. B/aiv's my 
*' common Place of Lodging, where he, Ford, alfo lodged, who was 
*' from Home, and the People of the Houfe told me was gone to the 
•' Jerfies, from whence he Uved and came. He, during my Stay there, 
" returned Home, where we converfed on carrying on the Bufinefs of 
" the Furnace, in which we were eqvially concerned, and fuch other 
" Matters as occurred for the Profecution of our Bufinefs. I was much 
•' in Want of Money and applied to him to procure fome by making 
" Sale of fome Iron Cartings in Gerard Bankers Hands. After fome 
*' Time fpent he at laft told me, after enjoining Secrecy, of the following 
*' Tranfac'lion, with the Circumftances which I at this Time can't recol- 
*' ledl or be exacl : That he had Money enoi^gh ; hinted the Robbery of 
" the Treafury, and at laft gave me a particular Account of the Rob- 
*' bery, of which he faid he with two Soldiers, I believe they were 
" Sergeants, and that they had lived I imagine at the Barracks at Amboy, 
•' where they got acquainted with the Situation of the Treafurer's 
*' Houfe ; from Amboy they were fome Time at Neiv-Tork where he 
•' made an Acquaintance with them ; I forgot their Names, or if he 
" told me I am at a Lofs, but that he with them had robbed and taken 
*' the Money, and if any more was concerned or not I can't fay, how- 
*' ever I well remember he told me of no more. The Time he now re- 
*' turned to Neiv-Tork, as laft above, he informed me he had been to 
" Bonham Town, and under fome Pretenfions of felling fome Iron Caft- 
" ings to one Manning a Trader there, but that his Bufinefs was to bring 
*' Home his Share of the Money from whence he had depofited it : What 
*' Part or how they Ihared it I forgot ; however, we now came to a Con- 
" clufion that he Ihould let me have fome of it after fome little Time 
" when the chief Noife was over, which was all at this Time. He Ihewed 
*' me two or three Bundles of jerfey Bills, and one of Pennfylvania, of 
" and from the Treafury, I ftill in Want of Money folicited him fre- 
*' quently, but yet to no Purpofe, or did he let me have any of it till 
" the Year 177 i, a little before he fet off for England. I fhould have 
" held him to his Promife with me but for the Reafon hereafter ; — Firft, 
" The Company was indebted to HaymanLe'vy a Sum near ^. 400 Pounds 
" in or about this Sum ; when it was contra(fl:ed Ford was concerned in 
" the Furnace, but fold his Share to me in 1769 in the Spring ; I be- 
" came obligated to hold him fafe from the Contradions while in Part- 
" nerfhip ; Le^y fued the Company and Ford happened particularly to 
" be taken and held to Bail, as his Name was made Ufe of in the Account 
*' when contraded. He was now preparing to fet off, but incumbered 
" in this Matter and dare not pay it as it would give Sufpicion of his 
" ftill being at the counterfeit Bufinefs, for which he had been appre- 
" hended in Neiv-Tork and acquitted, where I, in the Beginning of 
" Winter or the Laft of Autumn of 1768, or the Beginning of 1769, 



" was 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Ef<^. Governor. 37 



" was concerned with and had received from him feme fmall Sum of 
" Counterfeit Bills of this Province of 6/. and $f. each. Here I was oblio-ed 
" to acquit him of his Promife and dare not ditobiige him. He was 
" alfo bound by Fear with me ; but in his foft Method recommended 
" that the Treajury Money pjoidd lay as he could make as good as it: 
" This was a Scheme to keep me at Bay. In a thort Time after I re- 
" ceived the 6f. and 3/ Bills he was taken and committed to Gaol for 
" this Bufmels, when he procured his Brother-in-Law to put this the 
" Money and Tools away then made and in his FofTeffion, which was 
" done by Kitchel or 'Jo. Morrifs as Ford told me. He being acquitted, 
" he moved to Morris County. Now I would go on to lay, that being 
" fued by Le%>y I was obliged to give him [Ford] a Security that his 
" Eftate iliould not become bound in his Ablence fo that John Will/on 
" of P arj] polling and my Brother-in-Law Robert Gajiing gave him a 
" Bond of Indemnity ; on my doing this, and in Conlequence of his 
" former Promife in Neiv-Tork, he let me have one hundred Three Pound 
" Bills of Neiv-Jerfey Currency £. 300 proc. I was to return him 
" £. 100, the Third ; this it-as theTreaJ'ury Money ; I was to return him 
" Gold or Silver. If I had not given him this Security he wou'd lued 
" me for a large Debt due to hirii and fold the Share of the Works I 
" bought of him for a Trifle, whereby it wou'd have rain'd me, al- 
" though I had paid him between three and four Hundred Pounds : And 
" another Inducement was my Obligation. 2d. For the Sake of getting 
" this Sum of Money which I ought to have had long ere then accord- 
" ing to Agreement. Further his felling me his Part of the Works 
" in a few Months after the Robbery made him eafy as to immediate 
" Calls for Money fo that he could let it lay untouched * as long as he 
" thought proper, therefore kept it from me. I fliould not have ventured 
*' to made the Purchafe before of the Works only by his promifing to 
" fupply me with this Money at the Share of one Third to him. His 
" being detecled in Netv-Tork and not letting me have any of this 
" Money, was a Damage to me, that is, that I made the Purchafe ; it 
*• deprived me of a Partner's Aid. Then or foon alter I fold a Part of 
" it that made it more eafy to me." 

" Sam. Ford once told me he had changed fome old Money with 
" the Treafiirer in order to view the Houfe or Situation." — " Some of 
" the JerJ'ev Paper Money Sain. Ford ihewed me that was of the Trea- 

"/h/'j was in Sheets either in tivo ov four Bills each." " I well recolIe(5l 

" that Samuel Ford'm giving me an Account of his robbing the Trea- 
" fury faid he and the Soldiers went from Ketu-Tork to or near the 
'■^ Blazing-Star Ytvvy where they procured a fmall Boat and wenttherein 
" to Amboy and committed the Robbery and after went off in faid Boat 

K "to 

* According to the Eaftern Treafurei's Depofition, there was in the Iron Cheft about Sevefi 
Hundred Dollars, and about Five or Six Hundred Pounds in Bills which had been current and 
were worn, befides about Fifty-eight Pounds in the Efcritoir ; fo that Ford could be under no im- 
mediate Neceffity of venturing to pafs the neiv Money : And 'tis probable he did not pafs it 'till the 
1 imes mentioned in the feveral Depolitions. When he let Reynolds have the/, no in January 
1770, he only nfked about/. 18 in neiu Bills of Neixj-Jerfcy. Nor was it till the i'ear 1771, a little 
Time hetore he went to England, that he ventured tobringout anylargeSums of it Then it was that 
he let Co'yper have /-soo, Budd £. 200, and Rid-ardfon a great Sum (to all Appearance upwards 
of £. 1000) to change into Gold, as is hereafter particularly mentioned. 



38 VOTESy &c. c/ //jtf General Assembly ©/' New-Jersey. 



** to a Wood either on St at en- I/land or on South-Amboy where they de- 
" pofited the Money for a Time, and the next Day returned into Amboy 
" in order to hear the common Reports, where they flayed fome few 
" Days." 

And the following Extradls are made from Coopers Anfwers to the 
Queftions put to him by Order of the Governor and Council, viz. 

" ^ejlion /ifth. When has he Reafon to believe that Ford firfl made 
" Paper Money, and what Sorts and Denominations were they ? 

" Anfwer. At the Time of his going to Neiv-York with Reynolds with 
" the Paper, when Ford only made Six and Three Shilling Bills; and 
" does not believe he made any other Bills before he ivent to England. 

^ejlion Sth. " Let him give as particular Account as poffible of the 
•* different Denominations of the Bills Ford made from 
*' Time to Time, and fix the Dates as well as pofTible." 

Anfwer, " Saw Ford fign Fifteen and Twelve Shilling Bills in 

** the Spring of the Year 177 1 which he is inclined to 
" think were Treajiiry Bills, but is not certain, the Reafon 
** he gives for this Belief is that Ford had not to his Know- 
" ledge any Types or other Materials for counterfeiting of 
" Money after his Return from New- York. 

^leflion I "^th. *' In general to fix the Dates of all Tranfadlions and in 
" particular every Thing he knows refpe<5ling the Robbery 
*' of the Treafury, and thofe concerned in it either in 
*' Fadl or by Sufpicion. 

Anfiver. ** See his Confeffions. He does not believe any other 

*' Perfons concerned with Ford than the Soldiers mention- 
" ed in his ConfefGon." 

^eflion i^th. " What Denominations of Bills Ford counterfeited before 
" he went for England^ and what after his Return from 
" thence?" 

Anfiver. " He knoivs Ford to have made only Six and Three Shil- 

*' ling Bills before be ivent to England ; and fince knows 
** nothing of his counterfeiting Money." 

^ueflion i^th. " When and how often did he fee Jerfey Bills in PofTef- 
*' fion of Ford or others in Sheets or Parts of Sheets ; how 
*' ranged and the Value of the feveral Bills, and the 
" Number of them on each Sheet?" 

Anfwer. " Some of the Money Ford fhewed him, when he in- 

" formed 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 39 



" formed him of his having robbed the Treqfury, was ia 
" Sheets, but cannot remember how they were ranged ; 
" they were of different Denominations, viz. Three 
" Pound, Thirty Shilling, Fifteen Shilling and Twelve 
" Shilling, either two or four on a Sheet. That he re- 
" ceived feveral Sheets of Twelve and Fifteen Shilling Bills 
" of Samuel Ford in 1 7 7 1 , he believes two ia a Sheet, one 
" of each Denomination." 

*' Thefe are to certify that the above feveral Queftions (in my Hand 
" writing) were put to Benjamin Cooper, the above Examinant. and 
" his feveral Anlwers to each Queftion (alfo in my Hand writing) 
" were given before me in the Pretence of Samuel Tuthill and Thomas 
*' Kenney, Efquires, taken this Twenty-founh Day of September 1773 — 
" And that the Subftance thereof was taken the 17th Inltant in the Pre- 
** fence of the Rev. MeiT. M' fVor ter a.nd Jones and Abraham Ogden, Efq. 

SAM. OGDEN, 

I am fenfible that feveral Objedions have been made, and induf- 
trioufly propagated, againft Cooper's Teftimony refpedling die Robbery 
of the Trealury, and Ihall therefore give you my Remarks on fuch of 
thole Objecflions as are come to my Knowledge, and are thought any 
ways material. 

In the firft Place it is faid, that he is fo bad a Man that no Credit ought 
to be given to any Thing he has faid or even fworn. There is no Per- 
fon, I believe, who has formed a worfe Idea of his Charader than I 
have, and I ihould think it extremely wrong to let his Tellimony have 
any Weight in Points where it was repugnant to any creditable Evi- 
dence, But if there be any iiich contradictory Evidence, with Regard 
to the Point before us, I have neither i^ccn nor heard of it that 1 can 
recollect. His Confeffions have in many Refpects been found fl:ri<5tly 
true, and, if they had not been (o^ the Villany he was concerned in 
would not, in all Probability, have been brought to Light, nor Rey- 
nolds have been brought to Juflice. This you mull have ieen in the re- 
commendatory Letter from the Juftices who iat on his Trial, and in 
a Letter from the Honourable Judge Ogden. In the latter are thefe 
Words " Cooper made the frjl Confe//ton, and brought out his Accom- 
" plices, and That on, a Promife made him by the Court of recommend- 
" ing him to your Excellency for a Pardon, on which Promife he relied 
" and made his Confelfion, and I have good Reafbn to believe that ivith- 
" out him no material DiJ'covery "would have been madeT Can there then 
be any jull Pretence for not giving as much Credit to his TelUmony 
concerning the Robbery of the Treafury as was and is given to his 
Teftimony relpecting the Counterfeiting Money ? The one has in gene- 
ral been found true, why may not the other? Is there any pofjtive or 
probable Proof to the contrary \ No, fay the Objedors, there is not ; 
but, if he knew any Thing of the Matter, how came he not to confefs 
it at firft as Reynolds did ? His not doing it till he had a Rope round his 
Neck Ihews plainly enough that he did it merely to fave his Life. A 

Man 



40 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



Man with a Rope round his Neck may be made to fwear to any 
Thing. 

To the firfl: of thefe Obje6lions, I have only to fay, that I have been 
affured by a Gentleman on whofe Veracity I can depend, that Cooper 
declared after his laft ConfefTion that he Ibould have mentioned before 
what he knew about the Robbery of the Treafury, but that fo many 
bad Things had already appeared againft him, that he was unwilling 
to difcover that he had any Knowledge or Concern in that Matter, left 
he fhould then ftand but little Chance of obtaining a Pardon. For this 
Fear he had, indeed, no fmall Reafon, as it appears by his own Con- 
fefTion that he had not only been privy to the Tranfadlion foon after it 
happened, but that he had acSlually received a Share of the Money for 
his own Ufe. 

But let this be as it will, I fcarcely know which to admire moft, the 
Folly or Wickednefs of thofe who firft fuggelted and propagated the 
other Idea, namely, that Cooper was either perfuaded or compelled to 
this Confeflion by Promifes of a Pardon, or by Threats of lofing his 
Life. 

As this vile Infinuation carries with it a Charge on fome of the OflB- 
cers of Government, and on none more than myfelf, and as it has met 
with many Advocates and Promoters, even among thofe who ought to 
know and acfl better, I cannot avoid paying more Attention to it than 
I ibould otherwife have thought it delerved. 

At the Time when Cooper made his ConfefTion refpecSting the Rob- 
bery of the Treafury there was no one prefent, nor indeed in the Coun- 
ty of Morris, who could have the remotefl Intereft in perfuading him 
to charge that Crime upon Ford ; on the contrary his fixing upon a 
Man who had fo many confiderable Relations and Connexions in the 
County, could not but give Unealinefs to moft of thofe around him.- 
Nor can it be fuppofed but that it muft have been with great Reluc- 
tance that he accufed one who had for many Years been his moft Bofom 
Friend, and from whom he had received particular Obligations. For 
aught he knew, and, indeed, as he had at that Time great Reafon to 
expe6l. Ford might have been taken and brought in a few Days to con- 
front him by fome of the Perfons then in Purluit of Ford and his Ac- 
complices ; and if his Accufations fhould be proved falfe, what Chance 
could he then have of efcaping from Juftice himfelf ? Could he, if the 
whole was a made Story, have pofTibly been fo ftupid as to have fixed it 
upon fuch a Peribn, when it would have equally anfwered his Parpofe 
to have fixed it on fome one who was either dead or removed out of the 
Province to fome Place he knew not where ? Is it reafonable to fuppofe 
he would run fo unnecefTary a Rifiv of Detedion in a Falfehood, when 
he muft know that if even he had obtained a Pardon for the Crime for 
•which he was fentenced to Death, he would ftill be liable, in cai'e of 
fuch a Dereclion, to fufTer for Perjury ? 

If I remember right, I have been told that there were none prefent 
when he fiift promifed to make a more ample ConfefTion than he had 
done before, but Samuel Tuthi/l, Efq. Abrahatn Ogden, Efq. Lieut. Col. 
O.gden, the High Sheriff and two or three Presbyterian Minifters. He 

was 



i4th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 41 

was repeatediy told by fomeor all of thefe, that his former ConfefTions 
were not fatisfadory, that the Governor and Council were convinced he 
knew more than he had yet difcovered, and that unlefs he did make a 
full and ample Confeflion of all he knew, he muft not expedl to receive 
any Mercy. At the fame Time he was cautioned not to attempt to 
make any further Confeirion unlefs he meant to tell the Truth in every 
Refpecl ; for, that unlefs he did this, it would be only making bad 
worfe, as the Governor and Council were determined that if his Story 
fliould not prove conGftent, or if it fliould be found that he had in any 
ways attempted to impofe upon them, that no Mercy fliould be ilicwii 
him on any Account ; but, on the contrary, he might expect the ut- 
moft Vengeance of Government would purfue him. Co\. Ogden even 
advifed him to lay his Paper on his Coffin and write his Confeiri&n 
there, that he might have a proper Senfe of the Importance of what he 
was doing. But that a Syllable was faid to him to induce him to charge 
Ford or any one elfe with the Robbery of the Treafury, or intimatino- 
that he fhould not be pardoned but in cafe he confefled he knew fome- 
thing relative to that Matter, I am fure, from the Knowledge I have of 
thole Gentlemen's Charac'lers, and other Circumftances, mulf be an in- 
famous Falfehood. And to give the leaft Countenance to fuch illiberal 
Infinuations againft Gentlemen who have from the Beginnino- Ihewn 
fuch an active Zeal in detecting and apprehending thofe Offenders and 
bringing the whole of their iniquitous Pradices to Light, would be 
an Inftance of the higheft and moft unpardonable Ingratitude. For, if 
Cooper has been at all tampered with on the Occafion, it mufl have been 
by one or other of thofe Gentlemen, nor could they have made fuch a 
Bargain with him without having had my previous Concurrence. Fie 
was already fure, and had been from the Time of his firfl: Confeffion, 
of thofe Gentlemen's Endeavours to procure his Pardon, therefore no- 
thing but an abfolute Alfurance of receiving one from the Perfon who 
alone could grant it, could be any Inducement for him to confefs more 
than he had at firft done, at lead to confefs what he knew nothing about 
to anfwer a particular Purpofe. To fuppofe Gentlemen of Character, 
polfeffed of common Senfe, would venture to put themfelves fo entirely 
in the Power of fuch a Villain, as they muft have done had they tam- 
pered with him on fuch an Occafion, a Man muft himfelf be devoid of 
common Senfe — To fuppofe they were fo abandoned as to have any 
Concern in fuch a wicked Tranfadion, when there is not the leaft Cir- 
cumftance in Favour, but many againft fuch a Suppofition, argues a 
depraved Mind capable of that or any other Villany.- 

But let us examine whether there are not fome Particulars mentioned 
in his Teftimony which are confirmed by the Teftimony of others, and 
corroborated by feveral ftriking Circumftances. 

1. He entirely agrees v/kh Repiohis in fixing the Robbery on Ford. 

2. What he lays about tivo Soldiers having affifted Ford in the En- 
terprize, feems to quadrate with what was fworn to by Fhxbe Webb a 
few Days after the Robbery happened. She declares, that " flie heard 
" an uncommon barking and hovv^ling of Dogs both above and below 
*' the Hill for a confiderable Time, when ihe got up and went to the 

L " Door 



42 VOTESy &c. o/" ^/j^ General Assembly «/" New-Jersey. 



" tl^atiiu«rKout 



*' Door that fronts towards the Water and Dock," ^-c. 
*' two Minutes after {he opened the Door fhe heard a great Talking of 
" People round the Corner iJext Mr. Skinner s Houfe, and prefently law 
*' two or three People come down the Hill the new Road, and went on 
*' the Dock, upon which, imagining they were Soldiers, £he fliut the 
" Door to a fmall Crack, and faw two others as flie thought join them." 
It is true fhe afterwards fays, that as the Night was cloudy and dark 
fhe could not diftinguifh them to be Soldiers, but, it feems, fhe ima- 
gined ti^em to be fuch for fome Reafon or other. Richard Sharplefs 
likewifc depofeth— <" That in the Night of the Robbery, between 
*' Twelve and One his Son waked him up, when he faw three Men at the 
*' Well ; that they went firft towards Elias MarJJjs Shop, then came 
" back again and went toivards Mr. Skinner s Houfe ; and in about 
*' three Quarters of an Hour he heard fome Men return again, which 
*' he thought were the fame ; that he thinks one of the Men had 
" a Horfe ;" — This Horfe might have been brought, perhaps, either 
with a View of enabling i^or^ the better to make his Efcape, or to car- 
ry the Money off to Botiham Town, where he afterwards faid he had 
fecreted it. 

That Ford or Reynolds, or both, had fome Connexions with Soldiers 
at Neiv-Tork^ will likewife appear by fome Letters that pafTed between 
the Honourable Mr. Parker, Mr. Skinner and myfelf fo long ago as June 
and Julyi']'] i, which, as they likewife (hew the Reafons there were even 
at that Time for lufpedling Ford and Reynolds to have been concerned 
in the Robbery of the Treafury, I fhail quote at large, viz. 



" To His Excellency William Franklin, Efq. 

" Perth-Amboy, June loth, 1771. 
SIR, 

"^^7 E have for fome Days pafl been amufed with the Hopes of 
" W dete6ling the Villains that robbed the Treafury, and altho' 
" the Profpedl of making the Dilcovery is not quite fo promifing at pre- 
*' fent, Mr» Skinner is now very clofely engaged in the Purfuit, and we 
*' flatter ourfelves upon a Track that will in the End lead us to a full 
'• Difcovery of the whole Matter. A Tradl of Land in FJex County. 
*' belonging to the Eflate of late C. J. Morris was fome Time ago fold 
" by the Sheriff, and lafl Week^. 2000, the Confideration Money, paid 
*' to Mr. Boiidinot ; of this about £. 900 was in Jerjey Money and 
" al?out one Third of it in Bills of 1764 and a few of 1763 moftly if 
*' not all defaced in the Manner that has been before obferved to your 
*' Excellency and Mr. S. Smith. The People who paid the Money borrow- 
" ed it all of oneGo?nez at Neiv-Tork, and upon Mr. 5;t/««fr's Application 
*' to him he informed him that he had received it in the common Courfe of 
" his Bufinefs without ever having noticed it's being any ways defaced, 
*' it being mixed in fuch a Manner through the feveral Bundles that 



it might very well pafs unobferved by any Perfon who was not par- 
ticularly attentive, as our Jerjey Money in general is now pretty 

" much 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, EJq. Governor. 43 

" much worn ; fo that we are in but little Expedation of any further 
" Dilcovery from that Tranfadion. 

" At a Horfe-Race about ten Days ago at Nenz-ark two or three 
" Fellows known to be great Gamblers, ^c. pafled five Twelve Shil- 
" ling Bills, dated 1764 and a little defaced, at a Tavern, which were 
•' noted and are now in Mr. Skinners Poffeflion ; thele People are con- 
" nedled with one David Reynolds who was a Bully of the late John 
•' Hackett, and, from feveral Circumftances, fuch as his having beea 
•' for a confiderable Time flufh of Money, and frequently pafTing to 
" and from Nenv-Tork upon a Scheme of changing Money, and trom 
" fome others too tedious to make the Subjedl of a Letter, as well as 
*' from the Notoriety of his being a Villain capable of any kind of 
" Wickednefs, is fufpeded to be a Principal in this Affair with one 
" Samuel Ford whole Circumftances and Behaviour of late give the 
" greateft Caufe to fufped that he is likewife concerned. The Steps 
•' neceiTary to make a full Dilcovery of this Matter were taken with the 
*' greateil Precaution by Mr. Skinner and his Friends and the proper 
" Peribns engaged in it, but moft unfortunately the Payment of the 
" Money above-mentioned to Mf. Boudinot became publick, which 
*' brought out the Palling the five Bills to the Tavern-keeper and has 
" undoubtedly given the Alarm to the Villains we fulpedled, which it 
• " is feared will prevent the Difcovery in the Manner we expedled. But 

the Information of a Perlon that was engaged by Mr. Skinner to watch 
Reynolds when he was laft at Neiv-Tork, and fome Information he 
has received from his Landlady relating to the general Bufinefs he is 
*' engaged in when there, which is very often, has given us frefh Hopes 
*' and we are dill veryfanguine in our Expedlations that this Matterwill 
*' ere long be brought to Light ; but it is fo extremely difficult to ma- 
" nage a Thing of this Kind without it's being made publick (as differ- 
" ent Peribns muft from the Nature of the Thing, be engaged in it) 
" that we are not without our Fears that we may yet be difappointed. 

" Having conferred with the two Mr. Skinners on this Matter we 
" thought it was proper to inform your Excellency of it, and yet we were 
" of Opinion that nothing more could be done to efFedl what we have 
" fo much at Heart than the Methods we are now taking; and as Cort-^ 
" land Skinner fet out upon this Matter, and is to go to the Circuits of 
" Bergen^ Morris and Effex ; and Stephen^ who came from Neiv-Tork 
" but ialf Evening, fet off again this Morning on this Bufinefs, I was 
" defired by him to write to your Excellency on the Subjecl:, which I 
" have done as minutely as the Matter will admit of, it being impoffi- 
*' ble to relate every little Circumftance that gives Sufpicion. 

" As Both Ford and Reynolds have for a long Time been fufpedled 
" being concerned in counterfeiting Money, it is pofTible their Behavi- 
" our which gives the Sufpicion may be on that Account ; but t Difco- 
" very of either will be well worth the Purfuit, and I am convinced that 
" nothing could have fo efFe(51:ually prevented it hitherto as it's having 
" become the publick Talk of the Country this Way, which was owing 
" to the Want of a proper Caution in fome Perfons at Newark and 
" Elizabeth-Town'' 

*' I received 






44 VOTES^ Sec. of f/jf General Assembly of New-Jersey. 

" I received your Favour of the 3d Inftant, the Contents of which 
" I Ihall duly regard." 

" / rt;«, <S'/>, TouKy 8cc. 

"JAMES PARKER." 

"ToHisExcELLENCY WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. 

"SIR, 

" 13 E I N G anxious to make fome Difcovery of the Robbing my 
" fj Houfe, I fet out laft Week on a Piece of Intelligence I received 
" from Mr. Boudinot, and have been upon the Inquiry ever fince, a par- 
*' ticular Detail of which Mr. Parker at my Requeft has informed 
" Your Excellency." 

" I got Home Yefterday from Neiv-Tork where I find a confiderable 
*' Sum of defaced Jerfey Bills have pafled ; fome of 30/! I have ti-aced 
" but can't come at anything fatisfacflory." 

" I wifli it had been in my Power to have flopped one David Reynolds 
*' on his Way from Morris to Neiv-Tork as I have great Reafon to believe 
•' he is concerned in this Affair." 

" I fet out from Home the 7th Inftant, and found he had gone to 
" Neiv-Tork the Day before. I hired a Man who was recommended to 
*' me by Mr. Ifaac Ogden to go in Queft of him and to watch him, but 
*' inftead of keeping with him, he left the Houfe where Reynolds lodged 
*' and went to fee his Brother-in-Law, and tells the Woman of the 
*' Houfe to take Notice what Bills flie received from Reynolds ; this 
*' alarm'd her, and foon after flie faw a Sergeant go up Stairs to Rey- 
" nolds\ Room ; as fhe never had Soldiers in her Houfe, this made her 
*' fufpedl fbmething bad was going forward, and fhe went to Rey7iolds 
*' and told him fhe did not allow Soldiers in her Houfe, he replied it 
" was a Soldier who had been his Servant ; and foon after another 
'.' which fhe took to be a Corporal went into Reynolds's Room, upon 
" this fhe went up Stairs and would not fuffer the Room Door to be 
*' £hut and told Reynolds if he did not go out fhe would call up her 
" Brother, tipon M'hich he with the Sergeant and Corporal went away, 
" and about an Hour after, Reynolds returned, went to Bed, and early 
" in the Morning went away ; all this Time Pierfon, who I had employ- 
*' ed, never came near the Houfe. The Perfons who keep the Houfe 
" are reputable People and keep Lodgings." 

" I flian't neglect doing all in my Power to find out the Perpetrators of 
" this atrocious Piece of Villany, and hope ftill to effeft it, as it is but 
" within the fix Months the Money begins to circulate. 

" Pe RT h-Am BO y, -^ ^^ I Cini Sec. 

«7««fiS. 177.. ^ ' *«' STEPHEN SKINNER." 



To 



i4,th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 45 



" To the Honorable STEPHEN SKINNER, Efq. 

^'- Burlington, July 6th, 1771. 
''SIR, 

" T RECEIVED a Letter from you and another from Mr. Parker y 
" X acquainting me with the Profpedl you had of difcovering the Rob- 
*' bery of the Treafury, which I communicated to Mr. 5. S7iuth. We 
" Ihould be glad to know if you have made any further Difcoveries 
" and if not, we think you had better contrive, if poflible, to have 
" Reynolds and Ford apprehended. The latter it is very probable is con- 
" cerned in counterfeiting the Jerfey 1 5/ Bills mentioned in Holt's laft 
~ ' Paper, as he formerly took a good deal of Pains to get out of the late 
" Mr. Parker the Method of printing Money. — Perhaps, if they were 
" once apprehended, the Sergeant and Corporal who were at Reynolds'^ 
" Lodgings, might be induced to appear againfl: him on a Promile of a 
" Reward and a Pardon for any Concern they may have had in the 
" Affair. 

" lam, &c. 

"W«- FRANKLIN." 

"To His Excellency WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. 

''SIR, 

" "^^ O U R S of the 6th Inftant I this Day received, and can only 
" \_ inform Your Excellency that upon every the leafl Difcovery I 
*' fhall acquaint you with it. 

" We have laid fuch a Scheme to deted i2^/«o/ij and fome others that 
" I think we muft fucceed, but at the prefent to take him or any other 
" of the Gang it will anfwer no Purpofe, as they are no Doubt on their 
*' Guard from the Noife already made on this Subjed. 

" I Ihall next Week go to Neiv-Tork on this Matter, and fhall endea- 
" vour to find out the Sergeant and Corporal, and for that Purpofe have 
" engaged the Sutler of the Regiment, who is a very clever Fellow, 
" and have promifed him £. 100 for the Difcovery. 



" / a7n, &c. 

H-A M BO Vt 7 

July 



"Perth-Ambov. J STEPHEN SKINNER." 

lly<)th, 1 77 1. 5 



3. His Account of Ford's having gone by Water to Amboy to commit 
the Robbery is pretty fully corroborated by Mifs Parkers Teftimony 
who declares, that upon throwing up the Sa£h and putting her Head 
out of the Window, the " heard a Noife that flie took to be the laying 
" down of Oars in a Boat, that the Noife appeared to her to be to the 
" Northward of E lias MarjUs Hovje" the very Place which PhsbeJVebb 
mentions in her Depoficion to have feen the Perfons flie took for Sol- 
diers go towards. Elizabeth Inglis likewife depofed that " flie heard 
" the Rowing of a fmall Boat, and obferved at the fame Time that the 
" Rowing was very /mart, and as fhe thought, by the Noife of the 

M *' Oars, 



/\.6 VOTES, &c. o/' //j^ General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 

" Oars, like the Rowing of a Barge." This Woman, as well as many 
other Perlons whole Depofitions were taken at that Time, fpeak of the 
uncommon Barking of Dogs which they heard during that Night, near 
the Waterftde^ and " towards Mr. Skinner s Houfey 

4. Cooper fays that on Ford^ Return to Nenv-Tork in the Fall 1768, 
where he (Cooper) met him, he faid That he had been to Bonham Toivn 
imder " fome Pretenfions of felling fome Iron Cartings to one M^««/«^ 
" a Trader there, but that his Bufinefs was to bring Home his Share 
" of the Money from whence he had depofited it." This was as good 
a Pretence as Ford could make for going there, for by Mr. Manning's 
Depofition it appears he had adlually received from Ford fome Iron 
Callings the Year before. 

5. He likewife fays that Ford told him " he had changed fome old 
*' Money with the Treafurer in order to view the Houfe or Situation." 
Now I think it is very probable that he did this at the Time when he 
went from Mr, Manning's on Foot to Amboy about two Months before 
the Robbery. It is pretty certain he had no kind of Bufinefs or Deal- 
ings with any Perfon whatever at Amboy that could call him there. 
The following is Mr. Manning's Depofition, viz. 


" Neiv-Jer/ey, City of Perth-Amboy, Jf. Perfonally appeared before 
" me Sainuel Sarjant, Efq. one of the Aldermen of the City of Perth- 
*' Amboy, this thirteenth Day of November in the Year of our Lord one 
" Thoufand feven Hundred and Seventy-three, Jeremiah Manning, Mer- 
" chant in JV$odbridge, who being duly fwgrn, depofeth and faith That 
*' Safjitiel Ford and John Cooper came to this Deponent's Houfe fome 
" Time in November 1767 and agreed with and afterwards, to -wit, on 
" or about the fifteenth Day of December following fent to this Depo- 
" nent one Ton of Iron Cartings. That on the fecond o£ May 1768, 
" Samuel Ford came alone and on Foot to this Deponent's and faid he 
" had come from Amboy and called on this Deponent for Money, that 
" this Deponent then paid him Forty Shillings as appears by a Me- 
" morandum in this Deponent's Account Book, and foon after the 
" laid Samuel Ford returned towards Amboy. That on the Day after 
" the Robbery of the Treafury this Deponent was abroad and heard 
" of it at Neiv-Brunjwick and can't fay whether Ford was at his Houfe 
" or not. And this Deponent further faith that the faid Samuel Ford 
" hath not fince called on this Deponent, and further this Deponent 
" faith not. 



r] 



" Sworn on the Day and Year firft 

" above written before me f JER. MANNING. 

"Sam. Sarjant, Aid. 



6. Coopers Declaration that " fome of the Jetfey Paper Money S. Ford 
" lliewed him, that was of the Treafury, was in Sheets either in tivo 
" ovjoiir Bills each" not only agrees with Reynolds's Depofition (the Con- 
tents of which I am told Cooper was entirely ignorant of at the Time) 
but is in a Manner confirmed by Haines and Budd's Depofiti'ons, who 
likewife mention feeing Ford with Money in Sheets. Now, as Cooper 

has 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 47 



has declared in his Anfwer to the 8th and 9th Queries fent him by the 
Governor and Council, that the Prefs which Ford had before he went 
to England^ " ivasfor one Bill only" and as the Prefs which he has ufed 
lince his Return, and which has been feized by the Sheriff, cannot poffi- 
bly, as it is defcribed to me, print more than 07ie Bill at a Time, I 
think, this Circumflance gives great Weight to the Suppofition that Ford 
had Pofleifion of the Treafury Money. Indeed, from the general Tenor 
of that Part of the Eaftern Treafurer's Oath which mentions the feve- 
ral Kinds of Money in the Iron Cheft, one would be naturally led to 
think that all the Paper Money depofited there was cut from the Sheets 
into fingle Bills ; and 'tis probable he might think fo at the Time, 
which was in three or four Days after the Robbery, and when his Mind 
muft of courfe been greatly agitated. However, I am, notwithftand- 
ing, clearly of Opinion, that in this, if he did think fo, he muft have 
been miftaken j and indeed, there are no Words in his Depofition 
which mention that the Bills which were cut from the Sheets were cut 
into Jingle Bills; they might have been cut into two or four Bills for 
aught that appears to the contrary, as is and often has been the Prac- 
tice of the Treaiiirers of this and the neighbouring Colonies. If they 
were cut into either two or four, or both, they will anfwer the Defcrip- 
tion of them given by Reynolds, Budd and Cooper. It may, perhaps, 
be remarked that Mr. Skinners Clerk, William Campbell, has declared 
*' that the Method of counting the Money was to put twenty Bills of a 
*' Sort into a Bundle." This may poiTibly have been the general Method 
of counting the Money that was cut, but it no ways proves that all the 
Money that was counted was cut ; on the contrary he himfelf fays 
" that all the Money that ivas cut was bundled up ; and that he believes 
" the faid Money (i. e. the £. 11.000, which he exprefsly fays was in 
" the Chejl at the Titne of counting was all counted but not all cut at 
" that Tune." This evidently proves that fome uncut Money was kept 
in the Iron Cheft, and I think it not improbable likewife, that Ibme of 
that which was cut might have two Bills of a Sort left together, as I 
have many Times feen a Sheet of printed Bills which has contained two 
or more Bills of the fame Denommation, and fo printed as to be in a 
Line with each other. 

7. But the Robbery of the Treafury by Ford is not only fworn to 
pofitively by Reynolds and Cooper, but is ftrongly implied in the follow- 
ing Extradls from the Depofitions of Dr. Budd and Samuel Haines — 

Extrads from Bern Budd's Depofition taken before Samuel Ogden and 
Samuel Tuthill, Efquires, September 7.^, T^lll- 

" Sometime in the Year * feventy-one Sam. Ford came to my Houfe and 
" gave me twelve or thirteen Pounds in twelve and fifteen Shilling Bills 
*' Ne-w-Jerfey Currency for my Services done as a Phyfician and for my 
•' Expences in Nenju-Tork, I, on a fecond Examination of the Money, 
" was fearful of it as it looked very nenv and as a t%ueh>e Shilling Bill 
" and a fifteen -were in a Sheet, and looked as if cut from others. I fee 

" Ford 

* In the Original this is, by Miftake, faid to be in the Year ftxtyone. 



48 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



*' Ford^nd afked him where he got it, he faid for Iron fold in Neiv-Tork. 
" I interrogated him ; he ftill declared the Money ^W." " Some Days 
*' after, I applied to Ford for to know if he could pay me the Remainder 
" of the Order ; he told me he could pay me out of that new Money. 
" I then afked him how he got it ; he then told me that it was fome ^ ^ 
" Money which he found under the Stairs in his Houfe in Neiv-Tork, 
" that it was left by Hall who ran away, and that he did not think but 
" that it was Treafiiry Money, however he did not know. I then told 
" him if that was the Cafe I thought it beft that Mr. Skinner fliould be 
" informed ; he then faid That ivould immediately hang him if I told, for 
" his having the Money with theCircumftances againlt him in Neiv-Tork 
•' ivould hang him, and he would turn King's Evidence and get clear if 
*' I informed : I told him he could hang nobody but himfelf ; he faid if 
*' he was detected and taken he would inform againft a great many ; 
" I a£ked him who ? He faid the Skinners and Ogdens, I alked if they 
" was guilty r He faid no, they was not, but Samuel Ogden was an Ene- 
*' my of his and the Skinners was miftrufled, and if he hanged them 
" and me he fhould get clear, and fo laughed. I was furprized, and 
" he pretended it was a Joke and faid he had the Money tried and that 
" it paffed the Treafury, that what he had by him for to difpofe of I 
" might have and give him one Half or tivo Thirds for he believed it 
" good Money. He then gave eight Thirty Shilling Jerfey Bills, I offered 
" one of them to change at Gordins he faid it looked fieiv and he would 
•' take it ; if it was not good he could return it : I faid I thought beft 
" to give him other Money and fo did and returned the Money again 
" to Ford. He laughed at me and called me a Coward and faid he was 
*' afraid of me ; I told him he need not for I would not hang any Body 
" in order to hang myfelf, as he did not care what he fwore. He then 
*' told me that he was not afraid of being hanged, 6"^. I then interro- 
" gated him and he told me that Dai'id Reynolds, [and] BenJ. Cooper 
•' paffed it for him. I aiked if Haines, John King dind Morris did not; he 
" told me that King had, but Morris did not for if he got drunk he 
" would tell," &c. 

Extra(Els from the Queftlons put to Dodor Bern Budd by Order of 
the Governor and Council, with his Anfwers. 

^lejlion zd. " To explain more particularly his Reafons for fuppofing 
" the Money he received from Ford foon after Ford came 
" from Tork, and which he gave Haines to pafs on Shares, 
" was Treafury Money. 

Anpwer. " That the Money appeared nciv and good, that a tivelve 

" and fifteen Shilling Billivere in a Sheet one aboue the other, 
" and that the Paper appeared as if other Bills had been cut 
" tht -f'-om ; and [hkewife] /ro/;/ ivhat Vord told him.^' 

^leftion v,ph. "'Whe . . wr^ began to make his Thirty Shillings and 
'• Three Pound Pennfylvania Bills ? 

Anpwer. 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 49 

Aiipwer. " Since he came from England, as Ford faid. He be- 

" lieves Ford jnade no Money Jrom the Time of his being appre- 
" bended in New- York until after his Return from England. 

Extra6l from the Confeflion of Samuel Haines. 

"I at a certain Time in Payment of a Loaf of Sugar to Col. Ford, 
*' the Bill being new he infpedled it narrowly, which was my Intentioa 
" in fo doing, on giving it to him, h^ pronounced it good ■which, encou- 
*' raged me in the Scheme until I got furprifed by Abraham Ogden, Efq. 
" by his fliewing one of the fame Sort, as I took it, and told me they 
*' came out of the Treafury, begged me to take Notice from ivhence fuch 
*' Bills came. I thought others in the publick Waiy would likewile be 
" defired the fame ; I went Home and burnt 6 or 8 and h^ve meddled 
" no further with them. I told Ford the Affair, which likewife put 
" faid Ford in Surprife" 

Extradls from the Queflions put to Samuel Haines by Order of the 
Governor and Council, with his Anfwers. 

^ejlion I. "At what Time did Haines and King pafs the Bills to 
" Bott and Hedden at Neivarky and what their Numoer and 
" Denominations ? 

Anftver. *' In May or ift oi June 1771, they pafled four or five 

*' Bills to them of twelve and fifteen Shillings. 

^lejiion 2. " Whether they were received of Ford as good or Coun- 
" terfeit or as part of the Treafury Money i 

Anfiver. " As Counterfeit. ^ 

^tejlion 3. " What Infinuations thofe were which Ford gave him, 
" that the Counterfeit fifteen and twelve Shilling Neiv-Jer- 
" fey Bills were made at Philadelphia, and who were par- 
" ticularly named and concerned ? 

Anfiver. " Ford firfl faid they were Treafury Bills, as if in a Joke ; 

" and afterwards intimated that Richardfon was concerned, 
*' and that the Bills were made at Philadelphia" 

^lejlion 12. " Whether he did procure Paper from Richardfon for 
" Ford, and where Richardfon got that Paper ? 

Anfiver. " Knows nothing of Paper for making Money. That the 

" Money Ford left in his Little-Houfe for him [fee the firft 
*' Confeffion] was in Sheets, two or four Bills in a Sheet." 

Now thofe very Bills of. twelve and fifteen Shillings mentioned to 
be paffed by Haines and King to Bott and Hedden, and received from 
Ford as counterfeit Money, were delivered by Hedden and Bott to Ifaac 

N Ogden, 



50 VOTES, &(.c. of ^^c General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



Ogden, Efq. onSufpicionof their belngTreafury Money, who fent them to 
the Eaftern Treafurer and he laid them before the Governor and Coun- 
cil, who adjudged them to be good Bills. — Ford^ it feems from many 
Circumftances, was very cautious not to truft any Perfbns with his 
Secret refpeding the Robbery of the Treafury, except his old Cronies, 
Cooper, Reynolds and Richardjhn, who had been concerned with him in 
the Counterfeiting Bufinefs from the Beginning; and therefore when 
he let any of the others have Treafury Money, he pafled it to them as 
Counterfeit, of which they had no Doubt as they had an high Opinion 
of his Ingenuity. What too, I imagine, muft have contributed to de- 
ceive them was his having (as there is Reafon to believe) among the 
Treafury Bills fome of thofe which had been figned by only two Sign- 
ers, and his letting them fee him fign thofe with the Name which was 
wanting. However, after fome Time, Ford became almoft as commu- 
nicative to Budd as to the others, and from fome Hints which he drop- 
ped, or toufe Budd\ own Words, ''''from 'a^hatYoxdi told him" and from 
the Newnefs and Goodnefs of the Bills he had Reafons for fuppofing 
the Money he received from Ford foon after he came from New-Tork, 
was Treafury Money. 

Thus, Gentlemen, you fee both Budd's and Haines s ConfefTions, 
which are in general fuppofed to be given fincerely and truly, contri- 
bute to confirm the Teflimony of Reynolds and Cooper as to the Point 
before us. 

8. It does not appear that Ford ever counterfeited the Three Poimd Bills 
of Neiv-Jeifey, yet he let Cooper have One Hundred Bills of that Deno- 
mination at one Time, an Hundred Pounds of which he was to change and 
return in Gold or Silver ; the other two Hundred Pounds he was to keep to 
extricate himfelf out of his DifHcukies, and was promifed him by Ford 
for that Purpofe foon after the Robbery of the Treafury. — I cannot here 
omit taking Notice of a Circumftance which greatly corroborates Cooper's 
Evidence with Regard to his having, received thofe Hundred Bills of 
three Pounds each from Ford, and that two Hundred Pounds thereof 
were to be applied to his own Purpofes. It arifesfrom a Paper which has 
been furniihed me fince I delivered you my Speech at the Opening of 
this SefTion, and is an Abftradl from the Hibernia Company's Books,- of 
which Company Cooper is a Partner and was the chief Manager and 
Cafh-keeper until the Time of his being imprifoned on the Charge of 
which he now (lands convidled. By this Abftradl it appears that Ben- 
jamin Cooper in Augtfl 1 77 i, (which probably was immediately after he 
received the £. 300 from. Ford) charges the faid Company's Caili to 
himielf for £. 195 : 14:0: and that in the Expenditure of this Cafli, 
a Number of People are made Debtors to Cafl^ in fundry Sums amount- 
ing to £. 162 : II : o and it is obfervable that the mofl of thefe Pay- 
ments are in fuch Sums as are exadly the Amount of one, two or more 
Bills of three I^ounrfs proclamation or three Pounds ten Shillings Light 
Money, in which latter Currency thofe Books were kept : This, I think, 
renders it highly probable that thefe Payments were made in Bills of 
three Pounds proc. each. But, that you may have an Opportunity of 
judging tor yourfelves in this Mattel", I now furnifh you with that Ab- 
ftradl 



i^th G. III. WILLIAiM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 51 

ftrad in which the Names of the Perfons to whom the greateft Part of 
that Money w;:s paid are inferted, and of whom, if you think proper, 
you may make further Inquiry. 

9. It appears by leveral of the Depofitions already quoted, and by a 
Variety of other Teftimony, that Ford did not counterfeit any Bills of 
Nexv-'jeij'ey but of the Denominations of Three and Six Shillings before 
he was taken up at Keii'-Tork on Sufpicion in the Beginning of the 
Year i 769, and of which but few had been circulated, nor did he counter- 
feit any Jbills whatever from that Time till after his Return from Eng- 
land in Alio; ji ft 1772. 

10. It likewife appears that all the Neiv-Tork counterfeit Money in 
which he had any Concern to the Time he went to England, as well 
that which was made by Coon, as that attempted to be made by Himfelf, 
was fo bad that it won Id not pafs, fo that he muft have rather loft than 
gained by the Bufinefs before that Period, Pennfylvayiia Money, and the 
higher Denominations of Neiv-Jerfey Bills, he did not attempt 'till after 
his ilecurn from England. The following Extradls from Coopers and 
Budd's Examinations will elucidate this Point — viz. 

r 

Extracts fj-om Benjamin Coopers Confeflion, written by himfelf and 
fworn to before Saimiel Ogden and Samuel Tnthill, Efquires, Sep- 
temlrer i/\, 1773. 

•' Sometime in 1767, at what Time in the Year I can't remember, 
*' Samuel Ford fet off from Hihernia and went to a certain Coon, a Man 
" had been concerned in Money making as we were informed, who lived 
*• on or near a Place CA\hdStony Hill, where Ford and Coon conferred toge- 
*' ther on the Subject of counterfeiting Money and refpeding the Tools- 
" for making ; their particular Converfation I can't fay only as Ford 
*' told me on his Return, that Coon had Money of Neiv-Tork Bills of 
" 40/.' Ibme Jerfey of 6j\ each, and if any other I forget, and fome 
" Copper-Plate for Itrikmg them, and that they agreed that Coon Ihould 
•' get the Money and Plates from whence they were: depofited, and to 
" fend them all to Ford by my Brother John Cooper," <^c. " In a little 
*' Time SarAuel Ford [and others] and myfelf all met at Thomas Kinney s 
" Efq." "My Brother brought about Forty Pounds in the above Cur- 
" rency to us where we viewed it and all difliked it, being very bad ; 
*' whether it was then concluded on to return it, or whether Samuel 
" Ford or I carried it Home with us at that Time or not I am at a lofs, 
" or who kept it in Polle/Iion, however, am inclined to think we took 
*' it Home as it was afterwards fhewed at the Furnace by Safnuel Ford" 
<^c. '* but finally agreed it would not do to enter into fb villainous a 
, *' Scheme and returned it to Coon except fome fix Shilling Bills Sam. 
«' Ford kept." 

John Cooper, Brother to Benjamin, mentions in his Depofition befori 
the Grand-jury that when he delivered it [Cooiis Mo7iey] to them, and 
they had viewed it they " faid it would not do, and believes there was 
" fome Talk of throwing it in the Fire ; but it was afterwards agreed 
" the Bills were goodjor jiothing."^ 

Extract 



£2 VOTES, Sec. of the General Assembly of New-Jerset. 



Extradi from Bern Bttdd's Depofition taken the i6th of Augujl ijy^- 

" That fometime after this Deponent faith he was at Paulus-Hook 
*' Races and received from a Man three Three Pound York Bills which 
** this Deponent paffed to Copperthivait who returned them through him- 
•' felf and Lewis, and this Deponent gave them to Samuel Ford to get 
*' changed for him at Neiv-Tork, but on Ford's Return he acknow- 
•* ledged to this Deponent that he pafled them to the Man as good Bills 
" himfelf and that he had made them, but that he would quit that Emif- 

fton as he found he could not counterfeit itfo ivell by Reafon of the Paper 
being fo "very thin." 



<t 



Extracfl from ^^/-w 5z/6^J's Confeffion, Sep. 12, 1773. 

" At the fame Time I delivered myfelf up to Juftice and confefled to 
" what I knew concerning counterfeit Money, I referved, by the Advice 
*' of my Council, impeaching my Brother whom I feared was concern- 
" ed with the following Man, Ifaac Butler, and thought by the relating 
" of the following Circumftance might impeach him [Thomas Budd] by 
*' his [Butlers] Confeffion, neglected informing them that fome Time 
*' ago the faid I/aac Butler came to my'Houfe and requefted my fend- 
" ing for Samuel Ford, which I did but he was not at Home. Butler 
" faid I would be obliged to you if you will do an Errand for me to 
" Ford to which I promifed, he then gave me four Three Pound Bills 
" Neiv-Tork Money, and defired me to give them to Ford, to which I 
" feemed furprifedandaflkedhimif he received them oiFord, for they was 
*' wrote Counterfeit on the Face of one of them? he faid I muft tell Ford 
" thej ivas very bad done, that his friends were in Danger. I remon- 
*' ftrated againft it, and he promifed he never would do any more, and 
" told me to tell Sam. he would do no more ; by which Errand I found 
*' out Sam. Ford's counterfeiting Money this laft Time ; but he requeft- 
" ing Sai7iuel Ford's returning me fix Pounds and was to fend it him 
" by the Poft, which Errand I did, and i^orJ faid Butler and his Friends 
" owed him and would not pay any back. Then by that I brought 
" Ford to a Confeffion I mentioned in my Depofition, each acknowledg- 
*' ing to me the other concerned." 

Extradls from Bern Budd's Depofition taken before Satn. Ogden and Sam. 
Tut hill, Efquires, Sep. 24, 1773. 

*' Juft after my Return Home, Ifaac Butler came to my Houfe and 
" gaveme the ionv Neiv-York Bills as mentioned in the Paper gave to Mr. 
*' Ogden, and on my returning them to Ford, interrogated him and he 
" acknowledged the making the Neiv-Tork Money and faid that 
*' he did make it and that he found that the Thinnefs of the 
" Paper nvould prevent the Deceiving the Office, and faid the Anns ivas 
'•^ jiruck through in his and not in the Neiv-Tork and he could not make 
*' them to anjiver," <^'C. " The Day before he [Ford] was taken he came 
** he faid to take Leave of me and wanted my Affiftance in writing 
*' an infamous Advertifement againll: Samuel Ogden, Efq. which I ad- 
" vifed him againft ; he then wanted to get my AfTiftance about his 

Children's 



j^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 53 



" Children's Schooling, I told him if he would be honeft and inform 
" me about the Jeifey Money he had before he went to Englafid, and all 
" elfe he knew, I would, for faid I, lying, Richard/on and my Brother has 
" told me and you have not been honeft to me. He then began the 
" following Relation, I have counterfeited Money, I counterfeited 
" the A^. Jerfey 12J\ i^f, 30/; * 6of. Bills, Ne-w-l'ork Three Pounds 
" but found they ivould [«o;] do fo left it off. Alfo I counterfeited Penn- 
''^ fyl'vania 30/." and (>of. Pray honv do you do to counterfeit, luhere did 
" you get your Things to counterfeit ivith, I that Kitchel had defiroyed 
*' the7n ? When I lived in Netv-Tork I learnt to carve of a Carver and I 
" got my Types of a Journeyman Printer in Neiv-Tork who lived with 
" Gaine. What is his Name ? He faid, I believe Morris, a drunken Fel- 
" low. You faid you lofl the Types in Philadelphia ? When I came from 
" England I lied to you, for Richardfon and myfelf concluded to not let 
" any be concerned except your Brother and you, on the Conditions I 
" told you; I was to make the Money and give it to Richardfon and he 
" was to let it out to others. Hoiv could you fay iny Brother ivas con- 
" cerned? He is with Richardfon, faid he ; I acknowledge I have let you 
" have counterfeit Money mixed ivith other Money, and will allow you 
*' on your Bond, and do you Juftice you may depend." 

II. It being notorious that Ford was in very low Circumftances on 
his leaving Morris to fettle in Neiv-Tork early in 1768 ; it being like- 
wife well known to all who were acquainted with him that he followed 
no Bufinefs by which he could accumulate Money in a lawful way, 
and it being manifeft from the Evidence produced that he could not 
gain any thing worth Notice by his counterfeiting Paper Money be- 
fore his Return from England, there remains no other way to account 
for the very confiderable Sums which we find him polleiled of during 
that Period, but to fuppofe that he had a Share of the Treafury Money. 
As you may not, perhaps, have feen any particular Account of thofe 
Sums, I now lay before you an Eftimate of the Money he expended at 
that Time, fo far as the Honourable Judge Ogden was able to find any 
Traces in the Inquiry which he made for his own private Satisfac- 
tion, viz. 

" An Account of feveral Sums of Money which Samuel Ford lent, 
" paid and expended after the Robbery of the Treafury on the 21 ft of 
"July 1^6^ and before his Return from England to Netu-Jerfey in Au- 
" Snfi •• 77^- ^^^ Account is ftated from feveral Fads proved by Wit- 
" neffes and other Vouchers, and from Circumftances arifing on Matters 
" proved. 

O "See 

* This is probably either a Miftake of Biidf% or a Miiinformatlon of Ford's, for there are no 
Traces of any Ne'w-Jerjey Bills of a higher Denomination than 30/ being counterfeited, nor are 
there any fuch found in Circul.atioa which could hare been counterfeited by him. 



54 VOTES, 5cc. of the Gekkral Assembly of New-Jersey. 



See Reynolds's DepoCtion 

' Cooper's Depofilion — 

' BuJJ's Depofition 16 Aug. 

Mr. Ogden had this Account 
from Mr. Mejier 



He bought Bills of Exchange 
" in Philadelphia, one 
"particularly of £-l']0 
" Sterling from Mr. John. 
" Pemierton. See Budd's 
" Depofition of 24th Sep. 
" who faw him pay about 
"jf .300 toMi. Pemierton. 



p "Jan. 16, 1 7 yo, Ford lent to 
■<^ " David Reynolds^ as per 

\^ " his Bond £^- 1 1° o o 

*' In 1771. Let -5. C(jo/>(?/-have 300 o o 
'^ Let Bern Biidd h.a.\e — 200 o o 



See alfo Mr. Boudinof% Ace. < 



{ 



" Paid on 2 Mortgages, ijiz. 
"in 1770 to Feter 
"Me/ier — ;^. 80 15 
" to Mr. Boudinot 
" for Ditto 73 

" Mfly 177 1 to 
" Mr. Mefier 150 

" To Mrs. Ward 



8 



on a Mort- 
gage — 



80 



r "Supporting Himfelf and 
I *' his Miftrefs in England 
\ " about nine Months, 
i " which from his high 
"Way of hving may be 
*' reckoned at leaft 



I 

[ 



384 3 4 



"In 177 1 Samuel Ford huilt a. 
" new Houfe valued at 

" about 

" The Improvement of his 
" Plantation Fences, Gar- 
" den. Ditching, Meadows, 

« ^c. 

*' Horfes and Farming Uten- 

"fils — 80 

"In 177 1 Paid Jon"- Ford for 

" Cows and Sheep 

" 0^. 1 7 7 1 , Paid his Paffage to 
" England 



ZSO 



100 



61 



— 40 



10 



800 



" 1772. His and his Miflrefs's 
" Coach hire from Birming- 
*' ham to Brijlol or Lmer- 
*''' fool., their PafTages to Ire- 
" land and Expences — 

« His and his Miflrefs's Paf- 
" fage from Ireland to Bof- 
" ton.. <^c. . — ' 



50 



£' 2545 13 4 



Befides 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/?y. Governor. 55 



" Befides the above Account, and the Eilimate of his Expences 
*' (which latter it is obvious are far from being over-rated) may be 
*' reafonably added a Charge for Ford's being iaftruded in printing and 
" engraving and for Types, when in Ettglaiui. And alfo his Expences 
*' and Charge in fupporting himfelf and Family at Neiv-Tork and in 
*' Nenv-Jerfey before he went to Eiigland. It may alfo be juflly con- 
*' eluded that Ford paid feveral other Debts within that Time undifco- 
*' vered by the Examinations taken at Morris Court and lince, 

" It is obfervable from the feveral Examinations taken that Ford and 
*' his Accomplices counterfeited and paiTed but fmall Quantities of 
*' counterfeit Money till after Ford's R.eturn ivova England in 1772 
" when he had a full Supply of Types ; before which the Bills were fo 
" bad in their Appearance that they were not fit to pafs. 

" It may alfo be concluded that Ford found himfelf wanting in his 
" Knowledge, or not having proper Types and Implements for coun- 
" terfeiting of Money, and to fupply which he and Richardfon went the 
*' Voyage to England^ which can't be fuppofed they would have done if 
*' they were before fupplied, 

*' The above Account of Facls andRemai-ks were ftated and made by 
*' me as a circumflantial Proof to fliew that Ford not only had and ex- 
*' pended large Sums of Money after the Robbery of the Treafury and 
*' before his Return to New-Jerfey in 1772, but alfo that faid Money 
*' was not counterfeited by him or his Accomplices ; — and was done 
" for my own Satisfadion as to the Robbery of the Treafury. 

"DAVID OGDE N." 

12. As I mentioned in one of the Letters laid before you that I fuf- 
pedled Richardfon was aflifting to Ford in the Robbery of the Treafury, 
or at leaft that he ajfijled him in changtjig and pajfing the Money ; I think 
it proper to communicate to you the two following Depofitions which 
confirm the latter Sufpicion ; but of which I had not heard a Syllable 
at the Time I wrote that Letter, 'uiz. 

" City of Burlington, Jf. Perfonally appeared before me John Laiu- 
" renccy Efq. Mayor of faid City Col. JViilinm M'' Donald who being 
*' fworn on the Holy Evangelifts of Almighty God, depofeth — That in 
*' the Month of 'January or February preceding the Races at Paulus- 
*' Hook (which Races were after the Robbery of the Trealury) Captain 
*' Jojeph Richardfon of Philadelphia applied to this Deponent to pur- 
*' chaie a running Horfe and offered this Deponent a Watch and two 
*' half Johannes's in part pay, faying it was all the Money he had, 
*' and wanted this Deponent to take his Obligation for the R.emainder, 
*' which this Deponent refufed, having heard faid Richardfon s Circum- 
" fiances were bad ; then faid Richardfon ofi!"ered this Deponent the two 
" half Johannes's to lend him faid Horfe in order to run a Race in Vir- 
" ginia or Maryland which this Deponent alfo refufed for the above 
*' Reafon. That feveral Times afterwards and before the Races at 
*' Paulus-Hook this Deponent faw faid Richardfon paQmg through Bed- 
" minjier Townihip in his Way to Morris County as laid Richardfon 

" informed 



^6 VOTES, &c. o/" //?f General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



" informed him. That in the Month of September (after the Robbery 
" of the Treafury) this Deponent and Capt. George Coi-yell went to the 
*' Races at P aiilus-Hook where they met with laid JoJ'cph Ruhardfon 
" That in the Evening this Deponent, faid Capt. Coryell with others 
" went over to the City of New-Tork and lodged at one Chrijlopber Ben- 
^'fotis ; that foon after they had got into the Houfe, faid Richard/on 
" and Thomas Budd came in and called for a Candle and a Room ; that 
" this Deponent did not fee any thing more of them that Evening. 
" Next Morning this Deponent went out upon Bufinefs and did not re- 
" turn till eight or nine o'Clock when he alked for faid Richardfon and 
" Budd and was told they had not been down that Morning: That he 
" this Deponent went up Stairs and knocked at their Room Door which 
" was faft, that faid Richardfon and Budd anfwered they would be 
" down by and by ; that foon after they came down when this Depo- 
" nent alked them if they would go over to the Races, faid Richardfon 
" replied no, for he wanted to exchange fome Paper Money for Gold 
" and alked this Deponent if he had any. That this Deponent went 
" over to the Races, and in the Afternoon faw faid Richardfon on the 
" Ground. That in the Evening this Deponent went Home. That the 
" Saturday after the Races this Deponent met with Capt. Coryell at 
" Boundbrook, who told him that the Night after this Deponent left 
" Paulas-Hook Richardfon afked faid Coryell to lodge with him at a 
" Houfe near the Tavern where he kept his Horfe ; that foon after they 
" got into the Room faid Coryell went to Bed ; that faid Richardfon before 
" he undreifed himfelf took out of his Pockets one Hundred or more 
" Half Johannes's and a very large Bundle of Paper Money tyed up in 
" a Handkerchief which furprifed faid Coryell as he knew it was but 
" the May before that an Execution was levied by the SherifFof Phila- 
" delphia on faid Richardfon^ Race-Horfe, and would not fuifer him to 
" take faid Horfe to Paulus-Hook or Long-Ifland, until fome of faid 
" Richardfons Friends would become bound for him, as faid Coryell 
*' informed this Deponent, and further faith not. 

" Sworn this I2th of A'ovet/iberJ 

" Anno Dom. 1773 ^^^^'^ ^^ > \Vm. M'D O N A L D." 

" Jn°- Lawrence, Mayor. -/ 

" Province of New-Jetfev, ff. Be it remembered that on this twen- 
" tieth Day of November ITT^, Perfonally appeared before me David 
" O'j-den, Efq. one of the Juftices of the Supreme Court of the Province 
** of Neu'-Jerfey, Capt. George Coryell^ who being duly fworn, depof- 
" eth and faith, That he has feen Capt. Jofeph Richardfon, faw him 
" in Philadelphia the Year before Richardfon went to E?igland, then in 
" the Cuftody of the Sheriff as the faid Richardfon informed this Depo- 
" nent, who threatened to put him into Gaol unlefs he gave Security 
" for a Debt, and underftood he was very much reduced in his Cir- 
" cumrtances. That the next Year this Deponent faw faid Richardfon 
" at the Paulus-Hook Races, and faw him change fome Paper Money for 
" half Joes. That this Deponent faw the faid Richardfon with Thomas 
" Budd at one Ben/on s at Neiv-Tork. That on the laft Day of the 

*' Races 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 57 



" Races, not able to get Lodging at the Tavern at Faulus-ffook, this 
" Deponent went to Vati Vorji's near Paiilus-Hook with the faid Capt. 
" Richard/on to lodge, where they lodged in the fame Bed ; that this 
" Deponent went firll to Bed ; that Richardfon ftaid up and fat at the 
" Table counting firfl Half Joes, this Deponent thinks an Hundred or 
*' more, and then took out of his Pockets feveral Bundles of Paper Mo- 
" ney and began counting them, and continued fo long that this De- 
*' ponent went to Sleep and did not know when Richardfon came to Bed. 
" In the Morning this Deponent told the faid Richardfon that he had a 
" great Sum of Money and fuppofed he intended to fport largely, to 
" which he replied he did not, but faid he had received a Sum of Mo- 
" ney, and there was an Advantage in changing Paper Money for Half 
" Joes. That his having fo much Money lurprifed this Deponent, as 
*' this Deponent knew and had heard fo much of his Circumflances ; 
" and foon after (this Deponent thinks the next Day) informed Col. 
" McDonald of it, — and further this Deponent faith not. 

" Sworn the Day and Year 
" aforefaid, before 



id Year firft ") 
■e me C 

DEN. J 



GEO. CORYELL.' 
David O g 

Thus, Gentlemen, I have complied with your Requeft, and given 
the particular Reafona of my Sentiments, pointed out thoiejir iking Circum- 
fiances nvhich corroborate the Confeffions, and do now afTure you that I 
did, at the Opening of the SeiTion, lay before you all the Examinations, 
E'uidences, Confefjions and other Papers which I had then feen or were in 
my Poflelllon relating to this Difcovery ; nor have I received any fince 
except the Depofitions of Mr. Maiming, Col, McDonald and Capt. Cory- 
ell, and the Eftimate of Ford's Expences which are inferted, and the 
Extract from the Hibernia Company's Books referred to, in this Mef- 
lage. There may be fome other Circumflances which I do not now 
recollect, but I think I have mentioned enough to fatisfy every Man of 
Candour — every Man capable of devefting himfelf of ill conceived Pre- 
judices — and in fliort, every Man who will not fliut his Eyes to the 
Light of Truth and Conviction. 

I have, as it is a Matter of great publick Importance, taken much 
Pains in the Inquiry ; and that I wifh you to do the fame you muft 
have feen in one of the Letters I laid before you, written to the Honorable 
Judge Ogden, wherein I gave as a Reafon why I did not think proper 
to pardon the three Convids at that Time, that I chofe the Affembly 
fhould have it in their Power to examine them if they thought proper. 
*' It may be a Means (I added) of putting a Stop to the many ridicu- 
*' lous Stories and dirty Infmuations that are already got about among 
" the People on this Occafion ; for every Day's Experience evinces that 
" there is nothing too wicked for Malevolence to propagate, or too 
*' abfurd for Ignorance to credit." I accordingly refpited them to the 
ij'th oi November, and they have been fince further refpited to Monday 
the 13th of next Month. It is neceflary therefore, if you incline to ex- 
amine thefe People yourfelves, that you fliould inform me fo, that I 
may either order them down or difcharge them as may be thought pro- 

P per. 



jS VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of Neav-Jersey. 

per. If you fhould incline to enter further into this Inquiry, I fhould 
be glad that you would likewife inform me whether you would rather 
examine them before or after they are pardoned ; and I think it will 
enable you to form the better Judgment if you alfomake yourfelves ac- 
quainted witli the feveral Circumflances relative to their Confeffions, 
Trials, 6'C. which Information you can obtain from the Judges and 
other Gentlemen who have been aclive in this Bufinefs. 

On the Whole, Gentlemen, as there is both pofitive and circumflan- 
tial Evidence to prove that Ford was concerned in the Robbery of the 
Treafury, and as there is not the leafl: of either to prove the contrary, 
I doubt not but you will do me the Juftice to acknowledge that I was 
right in aflerting that that Affair was brought to Light, But, however 
that may be, I am fully convinced that I fhall Hand juftified in the Eyes 
of the impartial Part of Mankind, as I do in my own Confcience, How 
far thofe will be juftified in either, who, after having fuch Evidence 
laid before them, may afFed to be of a contrary Opinion, remains to 
be determined. 

iVb-y. 29, 1772. Wm. franklin. 

Which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 
Mr. Eldridge had Leave of Abfence upon extraordinary Occafions. 
A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Ogden. 

Council-Chamber, Nov. 29, 1773. 

'Tp H E Houfe having taken into Confideration the MefTage from the 
•*• Houfe of Aflembly of the 23d Inftant; 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Stevens, Mr. Stockton and Mr. Coxe, or any two of them, be 
a Committee to join the Committee of the Houfe of Aflembly to adjuft 
and fettle the Weftern Treafurer's Accounts, and to burn the cancelled 
Money in his Hands, and alfo to fettle all the publick Lottery Accounts 
that may come before the Houfe this Seflion ; 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Ogden do acquaint the Houfe of Aflembly therewith, and 
that the faid Committees are to meet for the faid Purpofes at the faid 
Treafurer's Houfe at Three o'Clock To-morrow Afternoon. 

Bj Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

According to Order the Houfe refumfed the Confideration of His Ex- 
cellency's Mefl^age of the 17 th Infl:ant, refpeding the Robbery of Jo- 
nathan Whilldin, and the Houfe being informed that the faid Whilldin 
was fick and could not attend, feveral Affidavits and other written Evi- 
dences were read, and feveral Perfons examined ; whereupon, after fomc 
Debate, on the Queflion, 

Refolved, 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 59 



Refohed, 
That the Proof of the faid Robbery is not Satisfadtory to this Houfe, 
and therefore at prefent it is unnecelTary to enable His Excellency to 
offer any Reward. 

Ordered, 
'nr^Hat Mr. Dey and Mr. Pax/on do wait on His Excellency, and in An- 
•*■ fwer to his Meffage of the 17th Infl. inform Him, That the Houfe 
hath made a particular Inquiry into the fuppofed Robbery of Jonathan 
Whilldin, and cannot think it expedient to enable His Excellency to offer 
a Reward, as the Houfe are not fufficiently fatisfied that any Robbery 
was committed, and are of Opinion that the Matter rather merits an 
Inquiry in the Courts of Law. 

The Houfe, according to Order, refumed the Confideration of the 
Petition from Daniel Hand^ CoUedlor of the County of Cape-May ; 
Ordered, 

That Leave be given to bring in a Bill for fufpending, for a limited 
Time, the Penalties incurred by the Collector of Cape-May for not pay- 
ing the Money affeffed on the faid County into the Treafury on the 
Day fixed by Law, and for other Purpofes. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Tuefday^ November 30, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 
Mr. Comhs reported. That, as Mr. Eldridge is abfent with Leave of 
the Houfe, he delivered the Bill with him and Mr. Eldridge intruded 
to Mr. Parker, one of the Gentlemen of the Council, the Council not 
fitting. 

Mr. Dey reported. That Mr. Pax/on and Himlelf delivered the Mef^ 
fage of Yefterday to His Excellency. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Inhabitants of the 
Townfhip of Chejlerfield, in the County of Burlington, praying. That 
the further Importation of Slaves may be prohibited, and that the Own- 
ers of Slaves may, by an Alteration of the prefent Laws, be enabled 
to fet them at Liberty ; the Petition was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

Mr. Price, according to Order, brought in a Bill, entitled. An Acl 
to rejlrain the Praclice of Foxhunting in the County of Gloucefter ; which 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

His Excellency's Meffage of Yefterday, relative to the Robbery of the 
Treafury, was read the fecond Time. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Price, Mr. Lawrence, Mr. 
Sheppard, Mr. Hinchman and Mr, Kinfey, be appointed a Committee to 
infpedl the Papers laid before the Houfe by Order of His Excellency, 
relative to the counterfeiting of Money and the Robbery of the Eaftern 
Treafury, and to take into Confideration His Excellency's Anfwer of 

the 



6o VOTES, &CC. of the Getter AL Assembly o/" New-Jersey, 



the 29th Inftant, and that the faid Committee make their Report fully 
thereon, 

And on Motion, 
Whether the faid Committee do take into their Confideration the pre- 
fent Situation of the Eaftern Treafury, the late Robbery thereof, and the 
Mode proper to be purfued to obtain Juftice, and Report on the fame ; 
on the Queftion, it was carried in the Affirmative, as follows : 



Yeas. 
Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moorcs, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Kinfey, 



Yeas. 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Paxfon, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Hohne, 



Yeas. 


Nays. 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Fijher, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Mebelm, 


Mr. Demareji, 


Mr. Sheppard, 


Col. Ford, 


Mr. Ehner. 


Mr. Winds, 




Mr. Pettit. 



Ordered, 
That the faid Committee do take the fame into their Confideration and 
report accordingly. 

Mr. Hinchman, in Behalf of the Petitioner, and agreeably to the Leave 
granted, brought in a Bill, entitled, An Aft to fufpend the Profecution of 
the County ColleBor of Cape-May for a limited Time, and upon certain 
Conditions therein expreffed ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P, M. 

The Houfe met. 

The feveral Petitions for prohibiting the Importation of Slaves, and 
for regulating their Manumiffion, were read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Fiffjer, Mr. Paxfon and Mr. Sheppard, be a Committee to 
prepare and bring in two Bills, one for laying a further Duty on the 
Purchafei'S of Slaves, and the other for regulating the Manumiffion of 
Slaves. 

Col. Ford, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled, An AGtfor rebuilding, repairing and maintaining the 
Draivbridge over Croffwicks Creek, in the County o/' Burlington, and for 
repairing the Caufeivays adjoining faid Bridge ; which was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Wednejday^ December i, 1773. 



The Houfe met. 

Col. Ford, in Purfuance of the Leave granted lafl Seffion, brought in 
a Bill, entitled. An A(5l appointing Commijioners for laying out, making and 
keeping in Repair certain Roads to and from Paulus-Hook in the County 
of Bergen ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 6l 



The Petition from the upper Parts of the Province, praying, That no 
Perfon but profefled Tanners may be allowed to purchafe any green 
Hides or Calflkins, was read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered^ 

That the Confideration thereof be deferred. 

The Petition from Jatties Morgan, a Prifoner for Debt in Perth- 
Amboy Gaol, praying an Ad; to releafe his Perfon from Imprifonment, 
was read the fecond Time; 
Orderedy 

That the Petitioner have Leave to bring in a Bill for his Relief at the 
next Seffion of AfTembly, provided no reafonable Objedlions (hall then 
appear againO: the fame ; and that at lead fix Weeks Notice of this Or- 
der fliall have been given in Gaines Neiv-Tork Gazette. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe and read from PUefgro've, as 
was another from Pitt/grove, in the County of Salan, praying a Law 
to maintain their Roads by Tax. 

A Petition was prefented and read from Chejierfeld, Mansfield, and 
Parts adjacent, in the County of Burlington, praying that all Bridges 
which require handicraft Work may become a County Charge ; and 

The Petitions from Reading and Teivksbury, from Elfinboroiigh, from 
Somerjet for a Bridge over Lameion ; from Bedminjier, from Barnard, and 
from Somerjet, for a Bridge near Van Veghte's ; were read the lecond 
Time, and they were all referred to the Committee upon the Road Bill. 

The Petition from Ja}nes Gray, for Relief, was read the fecond Timej 

Ordered, 
That the Confideration thereof be referred to next Seffion, 

The Petition from Somerjet and Middle/ex for raifing a Sum of Money 
for completing the Bridge at Rar it an- Landing, was read the fecond 
Time ; 

Ordered, 

That Leave be given for a Bill at next Seffion of Aflembly, provided 
that Notice fhall be publiffied in Game's Neiv-Tork Gazette at lead fix 
Weeks before the Seffion, and that no reafonable Objeflion fhall then 
appear againft the fame. 

Mr. Tucker, from the Committee appointed to join a Committee of the 
Council to adjufl: and fettle the Weftern Treafurer's Accounts, <^'c. and 
to burn the cancelled Money in his Hands, reported, that at feveral 
Meetings for thofe Purpofes, they had adjufted and fettled the faid Ac- 
counts, and burnt the faid cancelled Money, and, with Leave, he deli- 
vered the faid Accounts to the Houfe, which were refpeclively read and 
agreed to by the Houfe ; and the fame are as follows, %nz. 



Q. ^^- 



<$2 VOTES, &CC. of the Gesekal Assembly of New-Jersey, 



Dr. 

1771. 

Nov. 30. 

1772. 
jF^*. 26. 

Aug. IT. 

Sept. 24. 

»773- 
Tlf^j' 31. 



Samuel Smith, Efq. Trea — 

To Balance of Account, reported to the Council and Aflembly this 

Day, £. 828 n 8^ 

To Cafh of John Hojkins, being the Balance of his Account as Bar- 

rack-Mafter, 9 5^ 

To Cafli of IVilfon Hunt, on Account of the Balance due from him 
to the Province, — — jco o o 

To Cafh of the Widow Sharp, Executrix ai Ifaac Sharp, deceafed, 

being Part of the deficient Loan-Office Money of Snlejn County, — 161 13 ol 



To Ca(h of William Hancock, Executor of William Hancock, de- 
ceafed, being Part of the deficient Loan-Office Money of Salem 

County, ' 

To Cafh of Grant Gibbon, Adminiftrator of Nicholas Gibbon, de- 
ceafed, being Part of the deficient Loan-Office Money of Salem 

County, 

N»v. 18. To Cafh of James Parker, Efq. in Part of the Eaftern ProprietoTS 

Bond, — — 

To the Taxes of the following Counties, for Support of Government, 
payable into the Treafury the 21ft of November, 1773, viz. 

Cu7nberland, jf. I34 17 
Hunterdon, ^"jl 7 

Burlington, yj^ i 

Salem, 237 17 

Cloucejier, 267 I 



105 



iS 



198 13 
600 o 



To one old Deficiency from Cape-May, 
To two old Deficiencies from Hunterdon, 
To three old Deficiencies from Burlington, 



1492 

7 
33 



3 

4 

II 

9 



7x 
9i 
9i 



£■ 3737 «o II 



Dr. 

1771. 

Nov^i(). 
1771. 

Nov. 



1772. 

Nov. 



Samuel Smith, Efq. Trea — 

To Balance reported to the Council and AfTembly this Day, /• 2183 17 8 

To the Sinking Fund Tax, direfted to be raifed this Year, viz. 

Burlington, /• 1339 H 



Gloucejler, 

Salem, 

Cumberland, 

Cape-May, 

Hunterdon, 

Sujfex, 



953 »^ 

849 10 

481 13 

208 13 

1704 16 

741 12 



To the Sinking Fund Tax, direfled to be 
raifed this Year, viz. 



Burlington, /• I339 H 

Cloucejier, 

Salem, 

Cumberland, 

Cap t- May, 

Hunterdon, 

Sujfex, 



18 
10 

»3 

'3 

1704 16 

741 12 



953 
849 

481 

208 



B<dance due to the Treafurer, 



6279 '3 



6279 13 



14743 
28 



3 
o 



8 
5i 



£• 14771 4 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 63 



furer, Support of Government, Cr. 

By fundry Vouchers, from Number i to Numb. 74, inclufive, all examin- 
ed, allowed, and indorfed the 30th ^orfwifr, 1773, £, zG^-j 11 

Balance due to the Province, including the Weftern Moiety of 
One Thoufand Pounds, which the Treafurers are direfted, by 
A(5lsof Aflembly of 31 oiGeorge the Second, and 12 of George 
the Third, to retain in their Hands, for the Ufe of the Com- 
mittee of Correfpondence, . . ■ 1070 19 II 



I. 3737 10 11 



Errors excepted, December i, 1773, 

By Order of the Committees, 

JOHN STEVENS. 
SAMUEL TUCKER. 

furer. Sinking Fund Account, Cr. 

1772. 

May 13. By Bills of Credit, cancelled by the Juftices and Freeholders, as per 
their Certificate, dated May 13, 1772, and burned by the Com- 
mittees, this 1 ft of 2) ifffwifr, 1773, ' /•6856 17 9 

1773- 
May 12. By Bills of Credit, cancelled by the Juftices and Freeholders, as per 
their Certificate, dutti. May 12, 1773, ^^'^ burned by the Com* 
mittees, this i&oi December, 1773, "~~" ~~^ 79'4 6 4.^ 



£• 14771 4 Jr 



Errors excepted, iDf«z«iifr 1 , 1773, 1 

By Order of the Committees, 

JOHN STEVENS, 
SAMUEL TUCKER. 



64 VOTESy &c. o/" ^^^ General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



Agreeably to the Leave granted Mr. Pettit, in Behalf of the Petiti- 
oner, brought in a Bill, entitled, An Adl to naturalize Jacob Chefnut- 
wood ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe and read from Elijah Bond 
and others, praying a Law to afcertain the Rates of Ferriages for the 
Ferry over the River Delaivare, lately fet up by the faid Elijah Bond ; 
Ordered^ 

That the fame be read a fecond Time. 

The Bill, entitled, An Adl to naturalize Jacob Chefnutwood, was 
read the fecond Time, agreed to by the Hoxife, and ordered to be 
engrofTed. 

The Bill, entitled, An AAfor ereSling a Dam, Mills and other Water- 
nvorks on Nacut Creek^ in the County of Glouceder, and to indemnify thofe 
ivhofe Property may he injured thereby^ was read the fecond Time, 
amended in the Houfe, and upon the Queftion, agreed to, and ordered 
to be engrofTed. 

The Bill, entitled, An A61 to fufpend the Profecution of the County Col- 
leBor of Cape-May for a limited Time, and upon certain Conditions therein 
exprejfed, was read the fecond Time, and agreed to by the Houfe ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill be engroffed. 

On Motion of Mr. Hinchman, 
Ordered, 

That he have Leave to bring in a Bill for the more fpeedy Punifhment 
of Horfe-Stealers : 

Whereupon Mr. Hinchman brought in the faid Bill, entitled, An A<i 
for the more fpeedy Punifhment of Horfe-Stealers ; which was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Thurjday^ December 2, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

The EngrofTed Bill, entitled. An Ad to fufpend the Profecution of the 
County Collector of Cape-May for a limited Time, and upon certain Con" 
ditions therein exprejjed, was read and compared ; on the Queflion, 
Refolved, 

That the fame do pafs. 

The EngrofTed Bill, entitled. An A(5l to naturalize Jacob Chefnut- 
wood, was read and compared j on the Queftion, 
ReJ'olved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Hand and Mr. Elmer do carry the faid two Bills to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

A Petition 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 65 

A Petition from the Owners of certain Lands upon the Walkill in the 
County of Siiffex, commonly known by the Name of the Droijoned- 
Lands, was prefented and read, praying an Adt of this Province for 
draining the faid Lands fimilar to a Law pafTed at laft Seffion of the 
Neiv-Tork AfTembly for that Purpofe ; 
Ordered, 

That the Petition be read a fecond Time. 

Mr. Fijher, from the Committee appointed to that Service, brought 
in a Bill, entitled, Afiippkmentary Adl to an A^^ entitled. An Adl for 
laying a Duty on the Piirchajers of Slaves imported into this Colony ; which. 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

In Purfuance of an Order of laft Seffion, Mr. Pax/on brought in a 
Bill, entitled. An A€t for the better regulating the Tanning of Leather for 
Sale in the Colony of New-Jerfey ; which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

Mr. Price, from the Committee appointed for the Purpofe, I'eport- 
ed the Bill, entitled, An A61 to enable the Owners and Pojfejfors of the 
Meadows and Marflj adjoining Rapaupa Creek, in the County o/'Gloucefter, 
to eredi, cajl up, repair and maintain a Dam and Bank and Waterworl^ 
fitfficient to prevent the Tide from overfo-wing the fame, with feveral 
Amendments thereto ; and the Bill was read with the Amendments 
in their Places, and upon the Queftion the Houfe agreed to the faid 
Bill as amended ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill as amended be engroffed. 

A Meffage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit, 

.4 Message to the Assembly. 

Gentlemen, 

IN O W lay before you the Barrack-Mafter's Accounts for the Re- 
pairs of the Barracks, and for the Supply of the Troops quartered 
in this Province during Part of the Year 1772, and for thofe which 
arrived laft July, and are at prefent in the Barracks of Amboy, Elizabeth- 
To-wn and Bruyfivick. For the former, who remained in the Colony 
from the 31ft of Aiignfl to the 26th of October following, there was 
only expended £. 195: 15:0 Proclamation Money, out of the Three 
Hundred Pounds which you had authorized me to draw out of the 
Treafury ; fo that there remains in my Hands ^. 104: 5: o either to 
be repaid into the Treafury, or appropriated towards the Expences in- 
currred for repairing the Barracks, and fupplying the Troops at prefent 
ftationed there. The Barracks being very much out of Repair, and the 
Furniture in a great Meafure worn out, particularly the Bedding which 
was become entirely ufelefs, the Expences for thefe Articles neceffarily 
amount to a confiderable Sum ; however, as they will laft for many 
Years with the Care they are now under, and as every Thing has been 

R purchafed 



66 VOTES, &c. of the Gei^eral Assembly of New-Jersey. 

purchafed at the ckeapeft Rate, I doubt not but you will readily 
allow the Accounts. 

Dec. 2, 1773. Wm. franklin. 

And Mr. D. Secretary laid before the Houfe the Barrack-Mafter's 
Accounts. 

The Meflage was read, and referred to be confidered on the fecond 
Reading of the Governor's Speech. 

A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr. D, Secretary Pettit. 
A Message to the Assembly. 

Gentlemen, 

AS Colonel Ogden, who was principally concerned in taking the 
Examinations of the Perfons now under Sentence of Death in 
Morris County, and by whofe Means in a great Meafure the Difcoveries 
were made relative to the Robbery of the Treafury, is now in Town, 
^ think it proper to inform you thereof, that you may, if you are fo in- 
clined, inquire of him concerning any Particulars refpeding that Af- 
fair in which you may want further Satisfadtion. 

If you have come to any Determination with regard to the Examina- 
tion of the Convidls themfelves, as propofed to you in my Meflage of 
the 29th of Novetnber, I fliould be glad you would inform me of it as 
foon as poflible, that I may take the Opportunity of the Colonel's Re- 
turn to give fuch Orders as may be neceflary with regard to thofe 
Criminals. 

Dec. 2, 177Z' Wm. FRANKLIN. 

Which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The feveral Petitions for and againft making Affifcunk Creek a lawful 
Fence, were read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That the Parties be heard before the Houfe on Monday next, at Two 
o'clock, P. M. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Adl for ereSilng a Dam, Mills and 
other Waterivorks on Nacut Creek, in the Cowity of Gloucefter, and to in- 
demnify thofe ivhofe Property may be injured thereby, was read and com- 
pared ; on the Qvieflion, 
Refohed, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Hinchman and Mr. Sheppard do carry the fame to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

Mr. Hand 



i^th <^. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. ^7 



the 



Mr. Hand reported, That Mr. Elmer and Himfelf delivered 
two Bills with them intrufled to the Speaker in Couacil. 

His Excellency's Meflage of this Morning, relative to the Examination 
of Col. Ogden, ai^d to the Prifoners tinder Sentence of Death in Morris 
County, was read the fecond Time ; and on the Queftion, 
Ordered^ 

That the Examination of Col. Ogden be taken : 



Yeas. 

Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dey, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Paxfon, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Gibbon, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Van Home, 
Mr. Pe/w. 



Nays. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Bemareji, 
Col. i7//-(/. 



Yeas. 


Yeas. 


Nays. 


Mr. Demarejl, 


Mr. Holme, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. ifanii, 


Mr. Pj/Z.fr, 


Mr. Hewlings, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. iio)'. 


Mr. Prtx/o«, 


Mr. Mehelm, 


Col. Pcr^, 


Mr. S/;tfJ-, 


Mr. Sheppard, 


Mr. fF/n^x, 


Mr. Hinchman, 


Mr. Elmer, 


Mr. Gibbon, 


Mr. Pr/Vf, 


Mr. r<2n Home. 


Mr. Pf//zV. 



But a Debate arifing whether the faid Col, Ogden be examined before 
the Houfe, or his Affidavit be taken before a Magiftrate, in the Pre- 
ience of a Committee of this Houfe ; on the Queftion, it was carried 
for taking the Affidavit before the Magiftrate : 

Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 

Mr. Wetherill, 

Mr. Moores, 

Mr. Taylor, 

Mr. Lawrence, 

Mr. Crane, 

Mr. Bey, 

Ordered, 

That Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Fi/her, Mr. Cr^w^, Mr. Hinchman, Mr. Mehelm 
and Mr. Winds, or any three of them, be a Committee to examine and 
take the Affidavit of Col. Ogden before the Chief- Juftice, and lay the 
fame before this Houfe, and that fuch Members as choofe may attend 
the faid Examination ; 

And as to the Remainder of the faid MelTage, relative to the Convicls 
in Morris County Gaol ; 
Refolved, Nem. Con, 

That it is the Opinion of this Houfe that it is improper to fend for 
and examine the faid Convicls. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Lawrence and Mr. Sykes do wait on the Governor and 
inform him, that the Houfe have taken into Confideration his Meflage 
of this Morning relative to Col. Ogden, and have come to a Determi- 
nation, that a Committee of the Houfe fhould be prefent at his Exami- 
nation, to be taken in Writing before Chief-Juftice Smith ; that with 
refpect to the Convidls in Morris County Gaol, the Houfe are of Opi- 
nion that it is not proper to fend for or examine them. 

Mr. Sheppard 



68 VOTES, &c. o/" f/?f General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Mr. Sheppard had Leave of Abfence upon extraordinary Occafions 
until Wed7ieJ'day Morning next. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Friday, December 3, 1773. 

The Houfe met, 

Mr. Laivrence reported, That Mr. Sykes and Himfelf delivered the 
iMeilage of Yefterday to His Excellency, according to Order. 

Mr, Hinchman reported, That Mr. Sheppard and Himfelf delivered 
the Bill with them intrufled to Mr. Ogden, one of the Gentlemen of 
the Council, the Council not fitting. 

Mr. Mehehn had Leave of Abfence upon extraordinary Occafions 
until Wednefday next. 

Mr, Tucker, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, An h&.for 
viore effe^ually JuppreffingVice and Immorality, was committed, reported 
the fame with leveral Amendments thereto ; and the Bill was read with 
the Amendments in their Places ; after fome Time fpent therein, the 
further Confideration thereof was referred till the Afternoon. 
The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

Mr, Fi/loer, from the Committee appointed to that Service, brought in 
a Bill entitled, An A&.for the })wre equitable Manumijfion of Slaves, and 
other Piirpofes concerning them ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Houfe refumed the Confideration of the Bill for fiipprejfing Vice 
and Immorality with the Amendments ; and after fome Time fpent 
therein, 

Ordered, 

That the faid Bill be re-committed to the fame Committee. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Charles Siidain and John 
Duykinck, praying a Reimburfement of Monies by them expended ia 
building the Bridge over the River Raritan at Rar it an- Landing ; the 
fame was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr, Paxfon, in Behalf of the Petitioners, and in Purfuance of the 
Leave granted, brought in a Bill, entitled. An Adl to enable fundry of the 
Oitmers and Poffejfors of Meadoivs and Tide MarJJj lyijig on Englifh'j- Creek 
in the County o/"Burlington, to ereSl and maintain a Bank, Dam and other 
PVater-ivorks acrofs the faid Creek, in order to prevent the Tide from over- 
flowing the fame, and to keep the former Water courfe of faid Creek open and 
clear, and to make the faid Dam tchen erected a publick Landmg ; which 
was read, and ordered a fecond Pleading. 

Mr, Hinchjnan, by Leave of the Houfe, brought in a Bill, entitled, 
An Ad more effeclually to regulate all Carriages of Burden ivithin this 
Colony ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Paxfon 



i^th O. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 6^ 



Mr, Fax/on, with Leave of the Houfe, brought in a Bill, entitled 
A)i Adl to regulate the Packing of Beef and Pork, and to afcertain the Size 
of Cajks ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-moiTow Morning. 

Saturday, Dece?7iher /\, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Hobne had Leave of Abfence on extraordinary Bufmefs till 
Wednefday next. 

A Petition from fundry Freeholders and Inhabitants of Gloucefler 
County was prefented and read, fetting forth Reafons againft the Bill 
now before the Houfe for reflraining the Practice of Foxhunting in that 
County ; which was ordered a fecond Reading. 

The EngrofTed Bill, entitled, An Adl to enable the Oivners and Poffcf- 
fors of the Meadoivs and Marfjj adjoining Rapaupa Creek, in the Coujity of 
Gloucefler, to erefl^ caji up, repair and maintain a Dam and Bank and 
Waterijuorks fufficient to pre'vent the Tide from overfloiving the fame ; was 
read and compared ; upon the Queftion, 
Refol'ved, 

That the fame do pafs. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Price and Mr. Sykes do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe and read from divers Inhabi- 
tants of the Counties of Somerfet and Middlefex, praying a Law or Laws 
for prohibiting the Importation of Slaves, and for the more eafy Manu»- 
miffion of them. 

A MefTage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 
^Message to //^^ Assembl y. 

Ge N TL E M EK, 

THOMAS K E N N E Y, Efq. the High Sheriff of the County of 
Morris is now in Burlingtoii, and as I am told he is acquainted 
with mofl if not all the Circumftances relative to the Confeflioiis of 
Reynolds and Cooper, I give you this Information that you may, if you 
think fit, examine him concerning the Manner in which thofe Confef- 
fions were made, and what they faid refpeding the Robbery of the 
Treafury. 

Dec. ^, 1773. Wm. franklin. 

Which was read : 

Ordered, 
That the Examination of Mr. Kenney be taken before the Chief-Juilice, 
and that the Committee appointed to attend Col. Ogdeiis Examination 
do j^lfo attend the Examination of Mr. Kenney, 

S Mr. Tucker 



70 VOTES, &c. of ^^f General Assembly af New-Jersey. 



Mr. Tucker and Mr. Sykes had Leave of Abfence till Two o'Clock on 
Mo7iday next. 

The Petition from Charles Sudani and John Diiykinck, adling Mana- 
gers for building the Bridge at Rarit an- Landing, for Payment of the 
Money advanced by them about the Bridge more than was allowed 
by Law, was read the fecond Time ; on the Queflion, 
Ordered, 

That the Confideration thereof be referred to next Seffion. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Ten o'Clock. 
Monday, December 6, ijy^. 

The Houfe met, 

Mr. FiJJjer, from the Committee appointed for the Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled. An A&.for regulating Roads and Bridges ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

A Petition from fundry Inhabitants of the County of Middle/ex was 
prefented and read, fetting forth the miferable Condition of Slaves, and 
praying a Law againfl their Importation, and to make the Manumiffion 
of them more eafy. 

Mr. Price reported, That Mr. Sykes and Himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufled to the Speaker in Council. 

The Bill, entitled. An A<51 to enable fundry of the Oivners and Poffeffors 
of Meadoivs and Tide MarJJj lying on Englifh'j Creek in the County of Bur- 
lington, to ereH and maintain a Bank, Dam and other Waterivorks acrofs 
the faid Creek, in order to prevent theTide from overflonving the fame, and 
to keep the former Watercourfe of faid Creek open and clear, and to make the 
faid Dam ivhen erected a publick Landing, was read the fecond Time j 
and upon the Queflion agreed to, and ordered to be engrofTed. 

The Bill, entitled, An Adl to refrain the Practice of Foxhunting in the 
County o/'Gloucefler, was read the fecond Time; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the fame do lie on the Table. 

According to Order the Parties for and againfl a Law for making 
Afflfcunk Creek a lawful Fence attending, were called in, and their 
feveral Allegations fully heard. 
Ordered, 

That the Confideration thereof be deferred till To-morrow After- 
noon. 

A Memorial was prefented to the Houfe from the Honorable Stephen 
Skinner, Efq. one of the Treafurers of this Province, fetting forth, That 
the Memorialifl being very uneafy at the Diffatisfadion which has hap- 
pened on Account of the Robbery of the Eaflern Treaf ury, and being alfo 

fenlibic 



I4//J G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 71 

fenfible that the fpeedy Determination of that Matter will greatly tend 
to the publick Utility of this Colony, doth requefl that fbme equal Mea- 
fures may be fpeedily fallen upon to adjuft the fame ; and that the 
Houfe may be afliired that the Memorialift is ready and defirous to agree 
and comply with every practicable Method to have a Trial at Law in the 
ufual Way, and that fhould fome other Method more falutary be 
thought expedient, and not over prejudicial to the Memorialift, he will 
readily and cheerfully comply therewith ; the fame was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading, 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Tuefday, December 7, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Laivrence^ from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled. A/up' 
■plernentary Adl to an Aft, entitled. An Adl for the regulating Fences, was 
committed, reported the fame with feveral Amendments thereto ; and 
the Bill was read with the Amendments in their Places ; and the Bill 
being further amended in the Houfe, on the Queftion , the fame as 
amended was agreed to, and ordered to be engroffed. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled. An Adl to enable fundry of the Oivners 
and Pofjejfrs of Meadoivs and Tide Marflj lying on Englifh'j Creek in the 
County 0/" Burlington, to ere ft and maintain a Bank, Dam and other Water- 
luorks acrofs the faid Creek, in order to -prevent the Tide from overflo'wing 
the fame, and to keep the formerWatercourfe of faid Creek open and clear, and 
to make the faid Dam ivhen erected a pubJick Landing, was read and 
compared; on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 

That the fame do pafs. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Heivlitigs and Mr. Sykes do carry the Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, Afupplementary Ad: to an A61, entitled. 
An Acl for the regulating Fences, was read and compared; on the 
Queftion, 

Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Combs and Mr. Elmer do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

AMefTage from the Council by Mr. Parker, acquainting the Houfe, 
That the Council have paffed the Bill, entitled. An A61 to 
fufpend the Profecution of the County Colkdor 0/" Cape-May for a limited 
Time, without any Amendment. 

Ordered^ 



ly 



72 VOTES, &c. o/* /ybf General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



A 



Ordered, 
That the Confideration of the feveral Petitions for and againft a Law 
for making Ajfrjcunk Creek a lawful Fence, be deferred till Saturday 
next. 

The Bill, entitled. An A€t for regulating Roads and Bridges, was read 
the fecond Time, and committed to a Committee of the whole Houfe ; 
Ordered, 
That the faid Committee do fit To-morrow Morning. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Wednefday, December 8, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 
Mr. HeivUngs reported, That Mr. Sykes and Himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Co7nbs reported, That Mr. Elmer and Himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

MelFage from the Council by Mr. Stocktoji, acquainting the Houfe, 
That the Council have this Day pafled the Bill, entitled, An Ad to 
naturalize Jacob Chefnutwood, without any Amendment. 

According to Order the Houfe refolved itfelf into a Committee of 
the whole Houfe on the Bill for regulating Roads and Bridges ; and, 
after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and 
Mr. Eijher, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee 
had made fome Progrefs in the Bill, and defired Leave to fit again ; 
Ordered, 
That the faid Committee do fit again this Afternoon. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

According to Order the Houfe again refolved itfelf into a Committee 
of the whole Houfe on the Bill for regulating Roads and Bridges ; and, 
after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and 
Mr. Eijher, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee 
had made fome further Progrefs in the Bill, and defired Leave to fit 
again ; 

Ordered, 

That the faid Committee do fit again To-morrow Morning. 

Meffage from the Council by Mr. Stockton, defiring the Concur- 
rence of this Houfe to certain Amendments made by the Council 
to the Bill, entitled, An h€tfor eretiing a Dam, Mills and other JVater- 
ivorks on Nacut Creek in the County of Gloucefter, and to indemnify 
thofe ivhofe Property may be injured thereby. 

The fame were read, and, upon the Queflion, the Houfe agreed to 
the faid Amendments. 
Ordered, 
That the Bill be re-engrofled with the Council's Amendments. 

Mr. Winds 



A 



i^tbG.m. WILLIAAl FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 73 



Mr. M^inds had Leave of Abfence upon urgent Occafions till Tuef- 
day Morning next. 

A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Parker^ informing the Houfe, 
■*^ that the Council have pafled the Bill, entitled, An Ad to repair and 
amend the publick Roads afid Streets in the Northern fVard of the City of 
Perth-Amboy, and to repair the Toivn Wharf in the faid City by a Tax 
on the Inhabitants of the faid Northern Ward, and for other Ufes and Pur- 
pofes therein mentioned, without any Amendment. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning, 
Thiirfday, December 9 , 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

Two Petitions from the County of Hunterdon, and one from the 
County of Burlington, were prefented and read, all praying a Law to 
prohibit the Importation of Slaves, and to make the ManumifFion of 
them more eafy. 

The Bill Re-engrofled with the Council's Amendments, entitled. An 
A61 for erecting a Dam, Mills and other Waterworks on Nacut Creek, 
in the County ©/"Gloucefter, and to indemnify thofe ivhofe Property may 
he injured thereby, was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Price and Mr. Hewlings do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe on the Bill for regulating Roads and 
Bridges ; and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the 
Chair, and Mr. Fijloer, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the 
Committee had made fome further Progrefs in the Bill, and defired 
Leave to fit again. 
Ordered, 

That the faid Committee do fit again this Afternoon. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

According to Order the Houfe again refolved itfelf into a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe on the Bill /or regulating Roads and Bridges ; 
and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair', 
and Mr. Fiflier, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Com- 
mittee had gone through the Bill, and had made fundry Amend-- 
ments thereto, which he was ready to report whenever the Houfe will 
pleafe to receive the fame ; 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made To-morrow Morning. 

T Mr, 



74 VOTES, 8cc. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 

Mr. Price reported, That Mr. Henvltngs and Himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to Mr. Ogden, one of the Gentlemen of 
the Council, the Council not fitting. 

A Memorial was prefented to the Houfe from the Honorable Da- 
niel Coxe, Efq. fetting forth Reafons againft the Prayer of Elijah 
Bond's Petition for afcertaining the Rates of his Ferry over the River 
Delaware; the faid Memorial was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

Mr. D. Secretary laid before the Houfe His Majefty's Rbyal Appro- 
bation of an A61 of Affembly of this Colony, and alfo His , 
Majefty's Royal Difallowance of fundry Ads of Affembly of this Colo- 
ny ; which were read, and the fame are as follow, viz. 

At the Court at St. James's the ift Day oi September 1773. 

PRESENT 
The king's Most Excellent Majesty, 
i!)@®Ci Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord North, 
® L S ® Lord Chamberlain, Hans Stanley, Esq. 

^ ' ' ^ Earl of RocHFORDi Richard Rigby, Esq. 

"^0^ Earl of PoMFRET, Sir John Goodricke. 

Viscount Barrington, 

WHEREAS by Commiffion under the Great Seal of Great- 
Britain, the Governor, Council and Affembly of His Majefty's 
Colony of Nenv-Jerfey, are authorized and impowered to make, con- 
ftitute and ordain, Laws, Statutes and Ordinances for the publick Peace, 
"Welfare and good Government of the faid Colony ; which Laws, Sta- 
tutes and Ordinances are to be as near as conveniently may be agree- 
able to the Laws and Statutes of this Kingdom, and are to be tranf- 
mitted to His Majefty for His Royal Approbation or Difallowance: 
And whereas, in Purfoance of the faid Powers, an A61 was paffed in 
KhdsXd Colonj m September 1772, entitled, 

An h€t to enable all Perfons -who are His Majeflys liege Subjecis, 
either by Birth or Naturalization, to inherit and hold Real Ejlates, not- 
ivithfta7iding any Defe^ of Purchafes made before Naturalization nvithin 
this Colony. 

Which Ad, together with a Reprefentatlon from the Lords Commif- 
fioners for Trade and Plantations thereupon, having been referred to 
the Confideration of a Committee of the Lords of His Majefty's Moft 
Honorable Privy Council for Plantation Affairs, the faid Lords of the 
Committee did this Day Report as their Opinion, that it might be 
advifable for His Majefty in the prefent Inftance to fignify his Royal 
Allowance of the faid Ad : His Majefty taking the fame into Confide- 
ration was pleafed, with the Advice of his Privy Council, to Declare 
his Allowance of the faid Ad ; and purfuant to His Majefty's Royal 
Pleafure thereupon expreffed, the faid Ad is hereby Confirmed, finally 

Enaded 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 75 

I ■■■ .1.— ^IIM -.1 . ■ I , ■ — , ,, „ ._, 

Enaded and Ratified accordingly ; whereof the Governor or Com- 
mander in Chief of His Majefty's faid Colony of Neiv-Jer/ey for the 
Time being, and all others whom it may concern, are to take Notice 
and govern themfelves accordingly. 

STEPHEN COTTRELL. 

At the Court at St. James's the ift Day of September 1773, 

PRESENT 
The king's Most Excellent Majesty, 
iD®C?(!i Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord North, 
^ L. S. ® Lord Chamberlain, Hans Stanley, Esq. 

«q ^ Earl of RocHFORD, Richard Rigby, Esq. 

^^^^^iiB^ Earl of Pomfret Sir John Goodricke. 

Viscount Barrington» 

WH E R E AS by Commiffion under the Great Seal of Great-Britain 
the Governor, Council and Aflembly of His Majefty's Colony 
of Neiv-Jerfey, are authorized and impowered to make, conftitute 
and ordain, Laws, Statutes and Ordinances for the publick Peace, Wel- 
fare and good Government of the faid Colony ; which Laws, Statutes 
and Ordinances are to be as near as conveniently may be agreeable 
to the Laws and Statutes of this Kingdom, and are to be tranfinitted 
for His Majefty's Royal Approbation or Difallowance: And Whereas, 
in Purfuance of the faid Powers, three Adls were pafTed in the faid Co- 
lony in Auguji and September 1772, and tranfmitted, entitled as 
follows, ^'^z. 

An A<51 to Naturalize John Felthaufen. 

An Adl for the Relief of Benjamin Ayars, no^w a Prifoner in the Gaol 
of the County 0/^ Cumberland. 

An Adl to Dijfol've the Marriage of David Baxter ivith Margaret his 
Wife, late Margaret M'Murtry. 

Which Ads, together with a Reprefentatron from the Lords Com- 
miffioners for Trade and Plantations thereupon, having been referred to 
the Confideration of a Committee of the Lords of His Majefty's Moft 
Honorable Privy Council, the faid Lords of the Committee did this 
Day report as their Opinion to His Majefty, that the faid A<5ts ought to 
be Difallowed : His Majefty taking the fame into Confideration was 
pleafed, with the Advice of His Privy Council, to declare his Difallow- 
ance of the faid Acfis ; and purfuant to His Majefty's Royal Pleafure 
thereupon exprefl^ed, the faid Adls are hereby Difallowed, declared void 
and of none Effe(5l ; whereof the Governor or Commander in Chief 
of His Majefty's faid Colony of Nenv-Jerfey for the Time being, and 
all others whom it may concern, are to take Notice, and govern them- 
felves accordingly. 

STEPHEN COTTRELL. 

The 



7^ VOTES, &c. o/"//?^ General Assembly (/New-Jersey. 



The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Friday, December lo, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

According to Order Mr. Fi/her, from the Committee of the whole 
Houfe, made a Report of the Biliyor regulating Roads and Bridges, 
together with the Amendments made to the fame ; and the Bill was 
read Paragraph by Paragraph with the Amendments in their Places ; 
and the Bill being further amended in the Houfe, on the Queftion, 
the fame as amended was agreed to, and ordered to be engroffed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Gibbon, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, An Adl 
to enable the Owners and Pojfejfors of MarJJjes, Meadonv and Swamps 
bounding on the Soiithiveji Side of Raccoon Creek, betiveen the Banks 
of Conllantine Wilkins and Conrad Shoemaker, in the TotvnJJnp of 
Woolwich and County of Gloucefter, known by the Name of the Tho- 
roughfare Ifland MarfJjes, Meadows and Swamps, to flop out the 
Tide from ovetfonving the fame, and for other Piirpofes therein men- 
tioned, was committed, reported the fame with fundry Amendments 
thereto ; and the Bill was read with the Amendments in their Places ; 
and the Bill being further amended in the Houfe, on the Queftion, 
the fame as amended was agreed to, and ordered to be engrolFed. 

AMeflage from the Council by Mr. Lawrence, defiring the Con- 
currence of this Houfe to certain Amendments made by the Coun- 
cil to the Bill, entitled, A fupplementary Adl to an Aci, entitled. An Ad 
for the regulating Fences ; the fame were read, and upon the Queftion 
agreed to by the Houfe ; 
Ordered, 
That the I3ill be re-engrofled with the Council's Amendments. 

Mr. Tucker, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled. An 
Adl for more effedually fupprejjing Vice and Immorality, was recom- 
mitted, reported the fame without any Amendment ; and the fame 
was read, and upon the Queftion agreed to, and ordered to be en- 
groiTed. 

On a Motion made, 
Ordered, 

That Mr. FifJjer have Leave to bring in a Bill for repairing the 
Pvoads of the Townfhip oiBedminfler, in the County of Somerfet, by a 
Tax on the Inhabitants of the fame. 

The Bill, entitled. An Ad for rebuilding, repairing and maintaining 
the Draivbridge over CrofTwicks Creek, in the County of Burlington, 
and for repairing the Caufeivays adjoining f aid Bridge, was read the fe- 
cond Time, and committed to Mr. Tucker, Mr. Detnarcfl and Mr. 
Van Home. 

Mr. 



j^^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 77 

Mr. Lawrence had Leave of Abfence till Monday Noon. 
The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning, 

Saturday, December ii, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill, Re-engrofTed, with the Council's Amendments, entitled, A 
fupplementary Ad to an Acly entitled^ An A<S for regulating Fences^ 
was read and compared ; 
Orderedy 
That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Wet her ill and Col. Ford do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council. 

The Houfe, according to Order, refumed the Confideration of the 
feveral Petitions for and againft a Law for making AJi/'cunkCxcok. a law- 
ful Fence ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petition for the Law do lie on the Table. 

His Excellency's Speech was read the fecond Time, and committed 
to a Committee of the whole Houfe : 

The Houfe accordingly refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on His Excellency's Speech ; and, after fome Time /pent therein 
Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. FiJJjer, Chairman of the 
Committee, reported, that the Committee had come to feveral Refo- 
lutions, which he was ready to report whenever the Houfe will pleafe 
to receive the fame ; and that the Committee defired Leave to fit again ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Report be made immediately, and that the Com- 
mittee have Leave to fit again : 

Whereupon Mr. FiJJjer reported the Refolutions of the Committee, 
as follow, viz. 

1. Refolved, 

That an humble Addrefs be prefented to His Excellency, in Anfwer 
to his favorable Speech. To which the Houfe agreed. 

2. Refolved, 

That a Bill be brought in to make it Felony to counterfeit the 
Silver and Gold Coins of foreign Countries current in this Colony, 
or uttering the fame knowing them to be Counterfeit. To which 
the Houfe agreed. 

3. Refolved, 

That the Government of this Colony be honorably fupported from 
the Firft Day of Odober 1773 to the Firft Day of October 1774. 
To which the Houfe agreed. 

The Petition from fundry Owners of the Droivned Lands, in the 
County of Suffex, praying a Law fimilar to a late New-Tork Law for 
.draining the faid Lands, was read the fecond Time, together with an 
Affidavit of publick Notice having been given of this Application ; 

U <,J Ordered^ 



78 VOTES, Sec. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



Ordered, 
That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill accordingly : 
Whereupon Mr. Pettit, in Behalf of the Petitioners, brought in a 
Bill, entitled, An Adl to enable fundry Perfons Proprietors of certain 
Lands and Meadoivs lying upon the Walkill in the County of SufTex, 
commonly called and knoivn by the Name of the Drowned Lands, to 
drain the fame, and for other Purpofes therein mentioned ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Inhabitants 
of the Counties of EJfex, Morris and Bergen, fetting forth, That a 
moft iniquitous Pradlice has been followed of deftroying Horned Cat- 
tle, and other Cattle in the Woods, for the Sake of the Hides, and 
praying a Law to fupprefs this Pradice ; the Petition was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Sykes had Leave of Abfence till Tuefday Morning. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning, Ten o'Clock. 

Monday, December 13, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Wetherill reported. That Col. Ford and Himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, An Adl to enable the Oivners and Pof- 
feffors of MarfJjes, Meadoivs and Snvamps, bounding on the Southivejl 
Side of Raccoon Creek, between the Banks of Conftantine Wilkins and 
Conrad Shoemaker, in the Toivti/hip of Woolwich and County of Glou- 
cefter, knoivn by the Name of the Thoroughfare Ifland Marfhes, Mea- 
doihs and Swamps, to flop out the Tide from overfloiving the fame, 
and for other Purpofes therein mentioned, was read and compared ; on 
the Queftion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Hand and Mr. Elmer do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled. An Adl for more effe£iually fuppreffing 
Vice and Immorality, was read and compared j on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Tucker and Mr. Lawrence do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

Purfuant to the Leave granted Mr. Fi/Joer brought in a Bill, entit- 
led, An Adl to revive Part of an AB, entitled. An Adl to impower 
the Inhabitants of the Townfhips of Bridgwater and Bedminfter, in 
the County of Somerfet, to repair their publick Highways by Hire, 

and 



i4,th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/y. Governor. 79 



and to raife Money for that Furpofe ; which was read, and ordered 
a fecond Reading. 

The Bill, entitled, An A€t for the better regulating the Tanning of 
Leather for Sale in the Colony of New-Jerfey, was read the iecoad 
Time ; on the Queftion, Whether the fame be committed or not ? 
It paffed in the Negative ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill do lie on the Table. 

Mr. Kitfey had Leave of Abfence upon urgent Bufinefs until 
Thurfday Morning. 

The Bill, entitled, A fupplementary Ad to an A51, entitled. An Adl 

for laying a Duty on the Purchafers of Slaves imported into this Colony ; 

and the Bill, entitled, An A61 to regulate the Manumiffion of Slaves ; 

were feverally read the fecond Time, and committed to Mr. Hinch- 

man, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Mehelm, Co\. Ford, and Mr. Holme, 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Tucker reported, That Mr. Lawrence and Himfelf delivered 
the Bill with them intruded to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Tucker, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, An 
A61 for rebuilding, repairing and maintainijig the DranXibridge over 
Croffwicks Creek, in the County of Burlington, and for repairing the 
Caufeivays adjoining faid Bridge, was committed, reported the fame, 
with feveral Amendments thereto ; 

The faid Bill was read with the Amendments in their Places ; 
and the fame being further amended in the Houfe, the Bill, as a- 
mended, was agreed to by the Houfe, and ordered to be engrolTed. 

Mr. Hand reported, That Mr, Elmer and Himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to Mr. Lawrence, one of the Gentlemen 
of the Council, the Council not fitting. 

The Petition from Ralph Stnith and others, praying a Bounty on 
Hemp and Flax raifed within this Colony, was read the fecond Time ; 
on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition do lie on the Table. 

The Petition from EJfex, Morris and Bergen, praying a Law to fup- 
prefs the Practice of killing Cattle clandeftinely, was read the fe- 
cond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Crane, Mr. Dey, Mr. Moores and Mr. Van Home, be a 
Committee to prepare and bring in a Bill for the Purpofe aforefaid. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Tuefday, December 14, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An A<fl for rebuilding^ repairing and 

maintaining 



So VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



maintaining the Drawbridge over Croflwicks Creek, in the County of 
Burlington, and for repairing the Caufeivays adjoining faid Bridge, 
was read and compared j on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 

That the fame do pafs. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Mehebn and Mr. Hewlings do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houie and read, from fun- 
dry Freeholders and Inhabitants of the County of Burlington, pray- 
ing a Continuance of the Adl for raifing a Fund for defraying Da- 
mages done by Dogs in the Counties of Somerfet, Hunterdon, Bur- 
lington and Gloucefter; 
Ordered, 

That the Petition be read a fecond Time. 

Mr. Paxfon, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, An 
Adl to poflpone the Payment of the Provincial Taxes into the Trea- 
fury of this Colony for one Month, and for other Purpofes therein men- 
tioned, was committed, reported the fame with fundry Amend- 
ments thereto ; and the faid Bill was read with the Ameiidiwents in 
their Places ; and the Bill being further amended in the Houfe, 
the fame as amended was agreed to, and ordered to be engrofled. 

In Purfuance of the Leave granted lafl: Seflion Mr, Wetherill, in 
Behalf of the Petitioners, brought in a Bill, entitled, An h€t to en- 
able the Onvners and Poffeffors of Lands, Meadoivs, Sivamps and 
Marjhes,cn both Sides of Aflunpink Brook, from the Province Line to the 
Lands of John Ely, to clear the Objirudions to the free Paffage 
of the Waters of the faid Brook, and for other Purpofes therein men- 
tioned ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr, Fifher, according to the Leave granted, brought in a Bill, enti- 
tled, An Ad to alter the Time of holding the annual Toivn-Meet- 
ings vuitbin this Colony ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Bill, entitled. An Ad to revive Part of an Aci entitled, An 
Ad to impoiver the Inhabitants of the Tonvnflnps of Bridgwater and 
Bedminfler in the County of Somerfet, to repair their publick High- 
•ways by Hire, and to raife Money for that Purpofe ; was read the 
fecond Time, agreed to by the Houfe, and ordered to be engrofled. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

The Engrofl!ed Bill, entitled, An Ad to revive Part of an ASl, enr- 
titled. An Ad to impovuer the Inhabitants of the Toivnfhips o/" Bridg- 
water and Bedminfler in the County of Somerfet, to repair their pub- 
lick Highnvays by Hire, and to raife Money for that Purpofe, was read 
and compared ; on the Queflion, 
Refolved, 

That the fame do pafs, The 



j^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £fq. Governor. 8r 



The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An A61 to pojlpone the Payment of the 
Provincial Taxes into the Treafury of this Colony for one Month, nvd 
for other Purpofes therein tnentioned ; was read and compared ; on the 
Queftion, 

Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Roy and Mr. Elmer do carry the faid two Bills to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

Mr. Mehelm reported, That Mr. HenvUngs and Himfelf delivered 
the Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Purfuant to an Order made at laft Seflion, Mr. Sykes brought 
in a Bill, entitled, An Adl for the Settlement and Relief of the Poor ; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading, 

Mr. Roy reported. That Mr, Elmer and Himfelf delivered the two 
Bills with them intrufted to the Speaker of the Council, the Coun- 
cil not fitting. 

The leveral Petitions praying for an EmifTion of Paper Bills of 
Credit to be let out on Loan in this Colony, were read the fecond 
Time, and referred to the Committee of the whole Houfe on His 
Excellency's Speech. 

Mr. Hinchman had Leave of Abfence upon fpecial Occafion. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Wednefday, December 15, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill, entitled. An Acl to enable fundry Perfons Proprietors of cer- 
tain Lands and Meadows lying upon the Walkill in the County of Sullex, 
commonly called and knoivn by the Name of the Drowned Lands, to drain 
the fame, and other Purpofes therein i}ientioned ; was read the fecond 
Time, and committed to Col. Ford, Mr. Van Home and ]\Ir. Winds. 

The Bill, entitled. An A(fl for the Settlement and Relief of the Poory 
was read the fecond Time, and committed to a Committee of the 
whole Houfe. 

'"p'WO Meffages from the Council by Mr, Stockton, informing the 
-'■ Houfe, That the Council have pafled the Bill, entitled, An Act for 
rebuilding, repairing and maintaining the Dranvbridge over Croflwicks 
Creek in the County of Burlington, and for repairing the Caufcways ad- 
joining faid Bridge; and alfothe Bill, entitled, An K.&. to enable fundry of 
the Owners and PoJJeJfors of Meadoivs and Tide MarfJj lying on Engliih'.r 
Creek, in the County of Burlington, to erect and maintain a Bank, Dam 
and other Watervuorks acrofs the faid Creek, in order to prevent the Tide 
from overfloiving the fame, and to keep the former Watcrcourfe of faid 
Creek open and clear, and to make the faid Dam ivhen erected a publick 
Landing, without any Amendment. 

W The 



82 VOTESy &CC. of /Af General Assembly of New-Jersey, 



The Houfe refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole Houfe on 
the Bill for the Settlement and Relief of the Poor ; and, after fome Time 
fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fifher, Chair- 
man of the Committee, reported, that the Committee had made fome 
Progrefs in the Bill, and defired Leave to fit again ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Committee do fit again this Afternoon. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

TWO Meffages from the Council by Mr. Parker, informing the 
Houfe, That the Council have paffed the Bill, entitled, An Acl to 
enable the Otuners and Pojfeffors of MarfJjes, Meadoivs and Sivatups 
bounding on the Southiveji Side of Raccoon Creek, betiveen the Banks of 
Conftantine Wilkins and Conrad Shoemaker, in the ToivnfJjip of Wool- 
wich, and County of Gloucefter, knoivn by the Name of the Thorough- 
fare Ifland Marf})es, Meadoivs and Sivamps, to fop out ' the Tide from 
O'uerfo'wing the fame, and for other Purpofes therein mentioned ; the Bill, 
entitled, An Adt to revive Part of an AEi, entitled. An Adt to impoiver 
the Inhabitants of the Toivnfhips of Bridgwater a^id Bedminfter in the 
County of Somerfet, to repair their publick Highivays by Hire, and to rafe 
Money for that Purpofe ; and the Bill, entitled, An Adl to po/lpone the 
Payment of the Provincial Taxes into the Treafury of this Colony for one 
Month, and for other Purpofes therein mentioned, without any Amend- 
ment. 

The Houfe again refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole Houfe 
on the Bill for the Settlement and Relief of the Poor ; and, after fome 
Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fijher, 
Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee had made 
fome further Progrefs in the Bill, and defired Leave to fit again ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Committee do fit again To-morrow Morning. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Thurjday, December i6, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

According to Order the Houfe again refolved itfelf into a Committee 
of the whole Houfe on the Biliyor the Settlement and Relief of the Poor ; 
and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, 
and Mr. Tiflier, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Com- 
mittee had made fome further Progrefs in the Bill, and defired Leave 
to fit again ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Committee do fit again this Afternoon. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 83 

The Houfe met. 

According to Order the Houfe again refolved itfelf into a Committee 
of the whole Houfe on the Bill/o/ the Settlement and Relief of the I'oor ; 
and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Cha'.-, 
and Mr. F'ljher, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Coui- 
mittee had gone through the Bill, and had made fundry Amendments 
thereto, which he was ready to report whenever the Houfe will pleafe 
to receive the fame ; 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. Fifloer reported the faid Bill and Amendments, and 
the fame were read, and upon the Queftion the Houfe agreed to the 
faid Bill as amended j 
Ordered^ 

That the faid Bill as amended be engrolTed. 

A Petition from a large Number of Inhabitants of the Counties of 
Ejjjex, Morris and Bergen, was prefented and read, complaining of aa 
iniquitous Pradlice prevailing in feveral Parts of killing Cattle clan- 
deftinely in the Woods for the Sake of the Hides ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition be referred to the Committee appointed to 
bring in a Bill for the Supprefilon of the Praclice aforefaid. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Archibald Kennedy, Anna 
Schuyler, Arent Schuyler, Peter Dubois, John Jay and Jojuih Hornbloiv- 
er. Executors of the Laft Will and Teftament of Co!. John Schuyler^ 
decealed, who was Executor to Col. Peter Schuyler, praying, for the 
Reafons therein contained, that a certain Bond given by the iaid Col. 
Peter Schuyler to the Weftern Treafurer of this Colony for £. 6000, 
may be cancelled, or that the Petitioners may be otherwife relieved 
againft the fame. 

Which Petition, together with an Affidavit accompanying the fame, 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Friday, December 17, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill, entitled, An Act for the more fpeedy Punifhment of Horfe- 
Stealers, was read the fecond Time, and the Title altered, being now 
entitled, A fupplementary A61 to an Act, entitled. An Adl for the more 
effectual Dfcovery and Punijljment of the Crime of Horfe-flealmg, and 
the Ad: otherwife amended ; upon the Queftion the fame as amend- 
ed was agreed to, and ordered to be engrolTed. 

Mr. Wetherill, from the Committee appointed on the 30th of A'b- 
•uember laft, brought in a Report on the Matters referred to them ; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A 



84 VOTES, &c. o/"//?^ General Assembly 0/* New-Jersey. 

AMefTage from the Council by Mr. Coxe, defiring the Concur- 
rence of this Houfe to fundry Amendments made by the 
Council to the Bill, entitled. An Ad for lonvering the Intereji of Mo- 
ney to Six per Cent ivithin this Colony ; the faid Bill was read 
with the Amendments in their Places, and upon the Queftion the 
Houfe agreed to the faid Amendments ; 
Ordered, 
That the faid Bill as amended be re-engrofled. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Report of this Morning was read the fecond Time, and the 
Confideration thereof deferred till To-morrow Morning. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Saturday, December 18, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill re-engrofled with the Council's Amendments, entitled. 
An Adl for loivering the Intereji of Money to Six per Cent ivitbia 
this Colony, was read and compared; 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Sykes and Mr. Pettit do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council. 

A Memorial was prefented to the Houfe from the Honor- 
able Stephen Skimmer, Efq. Treafurer of the Eallern Divifion of this 
Colony, in thefe Words, 'uiz. 

To the Honorable the Houfe o/" Representatives of the Province 

of New-Jerfey. 

The MEMORIAL of Stephen Skinner, Treafurer of the 
Eaftern Divifion of the faid Province, 

Humbly Sheiveth, 
'TpHAT it gives your Memorialift great Uneafinefs to find that 
•*- the Honorable Houfe have come to no Refolutions on his laft 
Memorial ; he therefore begs Leave to renew his Application, and 
entreats that this Honorable Houfe will diredl a Suit at Law to be 
brought againfl him ; to which, as he has before declared, he will 
appear, put in Bail, or enter into Recognizance, as fhall be required ; 
and fhould the Verdi<ft of his Country be agaiaft him, he will 
without Delay refign his Ofiice. This his juft and reaibnable Re- 
queft, your Memorialift relies will be granted by the Reprefenta- 
tives of the People of this Province ; and he experts from the Juftice 
of the Houfe that Nothing will be done by them that may in the 
leaft tend to affed the Minds of the People, as he wifhes and begs 
that he may have a juft Determination of this Matter by a Ver- 
dia of his Country. STEPHEN SKINNE R. 

Burlington, Dec. 17, 1773. 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. Sj 



The fame was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe, according to Order, refumed the Confideration of the 
Report of Yeflerday ; and, after fome Time fpent therein, the Queftion 
was put, Whether the Report be received and entered upon the Journals 
of this Houfe or not ? It palled in the Affirmative as follows, viz. 



Yeas. 
Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Winds, 



Yeas. 
Mr. Khifey, 
Mr. Paxfon, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Holme, 



Yeas. 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mcbelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Van Home. 



Nays. . 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfey. 
Mr. Fijher^ 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Demarejl, 
Col. /cr,^, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Pf////. 



That the Report be entered, and the fame is as follows, 'viz, 

IN Purfuance of the Orders of the Houfe, your Committee have 
infpected the feveral Papers laid before the Houfe relating to the 
counterfeiting of the Bills of Credit of this Colony, and the Robbery 
of the Eaftern Treafury, and have taken under their Confideration His 
Excellency's Anfwer of the 29th of November laft, the prefent Situation 
of the Treafury, and the Mode proper to be purfued to obtain Juftice 
to the Colony. 

In His Excellency's Speech at the Beginning of the prefent Seffion, 
he was pleafed to declare, That, " From the Confeffions of fome of 
" them," (meaning as your Committee fuppofe, fome of the Gangs of 
Villains taken up in the Eaftern Part of the Province) " corroborated^ 
" by many Jlriking Circumftances, the Affair of the Robbery of the 
*' Treafury, which had remained fo long enveloped in Darknefs, 

" has likewife been brought to Light." The Houfe, defirous of 

being informed by what Means this Difcovery was fo fully and clearly 
alferted, requefted that the Governor would be pleafed to give the 
Reafons for his Sentiments, and point out thofe Confeffions and 
^^ Jlriking Circumftances," which he alludes to as corroborating thofe 
Confeffions, which occafioned the Anfwer of the 29th of November^ 
now under the Confideration of your Committee, in which, after enu- 
merating the Facls on which he founds his Opinion, he is pleafed to 
tell the Houfe " that there is both pofttive and circumftantial Evidence 
" to prove that Ford was concerned in the Robbery of the Treafury, 
" and as there is not the leajl of either to prove the contrary, I doubt 
" not but you will do me the Juftice to acknowledge that I was right 
" in afferting that that Affair was brought to Light. But, however 
*' that may be, I am fully convinced I fhall ftand juftified in the Eyes 
" of the ijiipartial Part of Mankind, as I do in my own Confcience. 
*' How far thofe will be juftified in either, who, after having /ucb 
" Evidence laid before them, may affeci to be of a contrary Opinion, 
*' remains to be determined." 

Your Committee having the Misfortune to differ in Opinion with His 
Excellency, and, apprehending that there is not " both pofitive and 

X " circumftantial 



86 VOTESy &CC. of ?/7f General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



*' circumftaxitial Evidence to prove that Ford was concerned in the 
*' Robbery of the Treafury," think themfelves under Ibme Neceflity of 
giving to the Houfe a few lleafons for the Opinion which they enter- 
tain, becaufe they wifli to avoid the Imputation of being thought by 
the Houfe, or indeed " by the impartial Part of Mankind," under 
Prejudices of any Kind, and fliould be glad to convince both, that 
they do not " affecF' to be of a contrary Opinion with His Excellency 
on this Subjecfl. 

The late Robbery of the Eaftern Treafury is a Matter of ferious 
Moment to the Colony, and may hereafter in its Confequences be 
highly detrimental to His Majefty's Service — as at prefent it gives 
great Diffatisfadlion to the Generality of the People of the Province. 
Money cannot be given by the Reprefentatives to be put in the Hands 
of a Perfon in whofe Care they have no Confidence, and who hath 
heretofore kept it with Negligence ; indeed it feems unreafonable to 
alk a Thing of this Nature. When an Opinion is declared fully, 
without the leaft Reftriction, upon a Matter of fuch Confequence, 
and in Truth without any Neceffity for fo doing, it becomes the Duty 
of the Houfe to inquire into the Foundation of that Opinion, left 
their Silence Ihould hereafter be conftrued into an Acknowledgment of 
the yuftice of fuch Declaration. 

Your Committee at firft thought there was fome fmall Ambiguity in 
the Expreilions " has been brought to Light," but as in the preceding 
Part of the Speech it is faid to be " by the Confeflions of fome of them, 
" corroborated by many Jiriki7ig Circumftances ;" and in His Excel- 
lency's Anfwer of the 29th of November, after fetting forth thofe 
tonfefllons, and pointing out thofe Circumftances, he concludes that 
*' there is both pofitive and circumftantial Evidence," your Committee 
may with Propriety infer, that this Affair hath been brought to Light 
ill His Excellency's Opinion by fuch Means and fuch Methods as are 
kid down by the Conftitution in order to bring Things to Light — 
which alone can be called with juftice Evidence. 

A contrary Conftrudion your Committee apprehend, would be of 
the m.oft dangerous Confequence to the Lives and Liberties of the 
People : It would not be right for a Perfon in his private Capacity to 
form and to publilh an Opinion to the World relative to the Guilt of 
another on Oaths or Confeflions, acquired by Means which cannot 
bejuftified, or on the Evidence of Perfons who, by the Wifdom of 
the Law, are entirely deprived of Credibility : This would be giving 
one Man the Liberty to fay Things highly detrimental to the Cha- 
racter of another which he could not vindicate : It is fuffering a Per- 
fon to pronounce a Man guilty, when the Law fuppofes and declares 
him innocent, on Grounds made to preferve the Subjedl from the 
Weaknefs and Credulity of Human Nature, and from the Prejudices 
of People difpofed to believe a Thing conducive to a Purpofe which 
they may have in View : It is allowing one Perfon to hold another up 
to View in a Light in which he may juftly complain of being expoled, 
becaufe, the Law fuppofing thofe Things to be produced, adjudges he 
fliall not be declared guilty : But when in a publick Speech from a 

Governor 



ij^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 87 



Governor to the Reprefentatives of the People in Aflembly, met to do 
the publick Bufineis, a Matter is faid to be brought to Light, or it is 
faid that there is both pofitive and circumftantial Proof of a Man's 
being concerned in a Crime of any Kind, by the CommifTion of which 
his Life becomes forfeit, all thefe Oblervations apply with ftill greater 
Force ; hence it cannot be prefumed that His Excellency would, with- 
o\it hearing the Party accufed, pronounce him to be concerned in a Rob- 
bery unlefs he thought the Evidence produced was legal ; and confidering 
the Situation in which he ftands as Governor of the Province, your 
Committee cannot apprehend he entertains private Sentiments either 
of the Guilt or Innocence of any Body without forming thofe Senti- 
ments on fome Rules which can be juftified. Indeed if it is confidered 
that a Governor alone is pollefled of the Prerogative of the Crown to ex- 
tend Mercy to Criminals even when convicted, though this Mercy can- 
not in all Cafes be reafonably alked, yet that Juftice may be demanded 
by all, let their general Character be what it may — how far it mav be 
proper until a Man is convicted, or until a Fadt is afcertalned after a 
legal Manner, to give any Opinion, your Committee will not prefume 
to determine. 

In Order to pronounce publickly a Perfon concerned in a capital 
Crime, or whether a Fa6l is brought to Light, there ihould be fome 
Rule to go by, or fome Criterion by which to condud the Inquiry — your 
Committee know none better than legal Rules ; they think it better to 
adhere to thefe Rules, than to leave the moil: abandoned Villain open 
to either Conjeilures or private Sentiments formed without, or in Op- 
pofition to, thoie legal Rules heretofore mentioned. 

Your Committee having thus , given fome of the Reafons why the 
Evidence produced fliould be confidered on legal Principles as the iurefl 
Guide, and apprehending a contrary Mode of Proceeding to be of 
dangerous Tendency, beg Leave to obferve. 

That among thole Rules which the Law hath wifely laid down to be 
obferved in conducting an Inquiry into the Truth of Facts, and with- 
out which the Lives and Properties of the Subject would be in great 
Danger ; one is. 

That Perfons ftlgmatized are totally excluded from Teftimony, for 
the Want of that Integrity which it is necelTary a Witnefs lliould 
be poflefled of, to afcertain any Thing — Thus, if a Man is convicted 
of Felony, or where he is a notorious and publick Criminal, he is to 
be intended as a man profligate and abandoned, not under thofe Prin- 
ciples which teach Probity and Veracity — all his Credit is over-balanced 
by the Stain of his Iniquity — and of Confequence fuch Teftimony is 
to be ivholly difregarded. 

If this Rule be true, how can the ConfelTions mentioned in His 
Excellency's Anfwer of the 29th of November bring the Affair of the 
Robbery of the Treafury to Light ? All of them, (the Confeffion of 
David Reynolds on the 17th of Aiigujl excepted) were undoubtedly 
made by Men convicted of Crimes deftroying their Credibility, and 
whilft under Sentence of Death. And if it be confidered that Rey- 
nolds's firft ConfefTion was feven Days after the Court began, it may be 

reafonably 



88 VOTES, &c. of //jf General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



reafonably fuppofed his Confeflion ftands in the fame Point of Light. 
Confeffions are no Evidence againft any one but the Perfon confefTing ; 
but fuch ConfefTions are mere Nullities which can receive no Corrobo- 
ration. 

David Reynolds, admitting his Confeflion of the 17th of Augujl to be 
before indided, is apprehended on a Warrant for a Crime punifhable 
with Death, and being brought before the Court, acknowledges him- 
felf guilty ; but before, when under no legal Obligation to fpeak the 
Truth, he exprelfes himfelf in fuch a Way as that a Prefumption is 
formed, that Ford was concerned in the Robbery of the Treafury. 

On the 17 th of September, the Day of his Execution, he is examined 
a fecond Time, and to give this fecond Examination an Appearance of 
Credibility, he is fworn, confirms his former Confeflion, and is taken 
out and executed. 

Several Weeks after his Execution the Judge applies to the Mini- 
fler who fometimes attended him after his Condemnation, who gives 
a Certificate mentioning that Reynolds told him what he had before 
confefled. On thefe His Excellency is pleafed to declare that he might 
fafely reft the Proofs of his having had fufiicient Authority to fay that 
the Affair of the Robbery was brought to Light. 

Before your Committee proceed to the Examination of thofe Con- 
fefllons permit them to obferve, j 

That they believe it to be the firft Inftance in this Colony where a 
Perfon, accufed of one capital Crime, is permitted, after Sentence of 
Death is paffed on him for fuch Crime, to fwear another Perfon to be 
guilty of a different Crime, and that Oath relied on, after the Execution 
of the Criminal, as pofitive Evidence to prove fuch capital Crime. 

When it is confidered, that this Confeflion on Oath is taken in the 
Abfence of the Party accufed, your Committee conceive it to be a new 
Mode of acqvxiring pofitive Evidence. 

But however this pofitive Evidence may be acquired, on which His 
Excellency fays he could " fafely reft" — let your Committee confider the 
Purport of thefe Confeffions, and they hope to be able to make it ap- 
pear that they do not amount to pofitive Proof that Ford was concern- 
ed in the Robbery of the Treafury, or that Ford robbed the Treafury. 

The Words in the feveral Examinations of Reynolds, which appear ^ 

to your Committee to have been relied on as this pofitive Proof, are to 
the following Purport : 

That Samuel Ford declared to Reynolds, " he had had good Luck, 
*' and would let him have an £. 100" — that being afked how he came 
by it ? he replied, " Have you not heard that the Treafury was 
" robbed ? I have got hold of one End of it" — that Ford lent to 
Reynolds zftevm'^vds £. no, and faid Part of it was Treafury Money. 
That this Money was cut out of Sheets, for that when Reynolds 
entered the " Room he faw a Sheet confifting of three Bills of the 
" Likenefs of the Paper Currency of Neiv-fcrfey lying on the Table, 
*' ^0 nv'it, one Bill o\ Thirty Shillings at the Top, one ditto of Fifteen 
*' Shillings next below, and laft of all one Bill of Tivelve Shillings" 
which Ford faid was Treafury Money — that the Bills fo given to 

Reynolds 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 89 

Reynolds in Sheets were, as he believes, true Bills of Credit of this 
Province ; " and, that from all that pafTed between this Exami- 
" nant and faid Ford, he thinks and verily behe'ves that the faid 
" Bills were Part of the Bills of Credit of this Province of which 
" the Treafury was robbed in the Year 1768" — that this Exami- 
nant fent one of thofe Bills by Thomas Anderjon, Eiq. to Bur- 
lington, where it was examined, approved of, and adjudged to be good. 
On which your Committee beg Leave to obferve, that, 

1. This Story is hardly probable, becaufe Ford on all Hands is 
agreed to be an artful and fubtile Villain ; his whole Condudl 
Ihows it ; he trufted no Body more than was abfolutely necef- 
lary to carry on the Bufinefs in which he was engaged ; Cooper, 
his " Bofom Friend," does not appear to have been acquainted with 
the Place where he made his Money ; can it be reconciled with 
Probability that Foi'd, of his own Accord, and without any Ne- 
ceffity for fo doing, Ihould have told Reynolds that he had got hold 
of one End of the Treafury, if it had been true in the Light it is 
now taken ? 

2. Amongft Rogues there is always fome Miftrufl : Ford mufl; 
have been well acquainted with the Rewards offered to apprehend thf 
Robbers, and it feems improbable that he would have fubjeded him- 
felf to Reynolds's Information without fome Neceliicy to induce hin 
to do it. 

3. It appears Ford had fo little Confidence in Reynolds that he did not 
willingly permit him to fee Ford cut the Money out of Sheets. Rey- 
nolds fays Ford pretended to be unwell, went up Stairs — but inflead 
of taking that Repofe for which a fick Man would go up Stairs, Rey- 
nolds heard him walk the Room — peeped through the Keyhole, and faw 
him (landing and cutting Bills out of Sheets. — Reynolds appears to have 
miftrufted Ford by his peeping, and not boldly entering. — Can it be 
probable that Ford, who had fo little Confidence in Reynolds, would tell 
him that he had robbed the Treafury, or fay Words with a View to make 
him believe fo, if they were true I 

4. If Ford really faid the Words, it feems to your Committee thad 
Ford intended to make Reynolds believe a Thing, which, if difcovered, 
he imagined himfelf capable of defending. It leems more probable to 
believe this than to think that this artful Man would have, without any 
Reafon, told him a Matter of fuch Importance, and fubjecl his Life to 
the Temptation of the Rewards, and to the Difcretion of Reynolds as to 
keeping it a Secret. 

5. Another Reafon which induces your Committee to think it not 
Money flolen from the Treafiiry is — By Reynolds's Confefllon, i'o relied 
on, it appears, that he had fo little Occafion for Money in 1770 as to 
lend it — but about £. 1^ out of ;^. no was new Money — a Man who 
had the command of Money in this Way might have £. 18 of Treafury 
Money, and have come honcllly by it. 

6. In Haines's Anfwers to the Queries it appears Ford told him that 
it was Treafury Money, but this was fpoken in a Joke, not with a 
View to be credited. 

Y 7. Befides 



90 VOTES, &c. o/' //7f General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 

7. Befides it appears that i^or^ counterfeited the Three Pound Bills 
oi Pennfyhania, and it is notorious that thele Counterfeits are done in 
fb mailerly a Way that it is believed that Province hath funk Hundreds 
of them as good Bills, and who can pretend to fay that the fame Inge- 
nuity may not have been as fliccefsful in Jerfey, and that Difcovery ftill 
remaining to be made — If the Bill given to Anderfon was carried to 
Burlington, approved and adjudged good, fome Circumllances here- 
after mentioned renders it highly probable. 

8. In Reynolds's firfl: Narrative he fays, Ford fome Time after he lent 
him the Money called on him, faid Reynolds had ufed him ill by telling 
People he had Money of him, which occaiioned many to call on him, 
and therefore -would hanje his Money. Is this the Language of one 
Man to another, who could have had fo much Money to betray him, and 
with whom he had trufted fo Important a Secret I Surely Ford would 
not have dared to do it ! — for though Ford might have in Return told of 
Reynolds^ being concerned in counterfeiting, yet it appears the Difcove- 
ry of the Robbery of the Treafury was ready to be acquired at the Ex- 
pence of a Pardon for all other Villanies. 

9. It doth not appear to your Committee that any Argument can be 
fairly drawn to prove Ford robbed the Treafury from the Words, *' and, 
" from all that pajfed between this Examinant and faid Ford, he verily 
" helie'ves and thinks that the faid Bills were Part of the Bills of Credit 
*' of this Province of which the Treafury was robbed in the Year 1768." 
For either Reynolds told all that pafTed, or he did not ; if he told all 
that did pafs, the Inference may as well be drawn by others as by 
him ; if he did not, a Man muft believe, becaufe Reynolds be- 
lieved ! — Surely this is not the pofitive or circumftantial Evidence ! 

10. But let us examine the Words "I have got hold of one End of 
" the Treafury — Have not you heard that the Treafury was rob- 
" bed ?" Admit thofe Words to be true, and Cooper's Confeflion 
with Refpecfl to his receiving the Three Hundred Pounds alfo, and 
it is clearly evident that Cooper, after he had borrowed the Three 
Hundred Pounds of Ford, might have afked the fame Queftion, and. 
made the fame Obfervation, " I have got hold of one End of it," 
ivhen he did not know of the Robbery until after it had been com- 
mitted by others. 

11. But what proves fully that this Money which Reynolds fays 
he faw in Sheets was not the Money ftolen from the Treafury is, 
that the Money flolen therefrom was not in Sheets, as will be 
more particularly fliewn hereafter. 

From hence your Committee obferve further, how dangerous it 
is for a Man, with the belt Intentions, to rely on Words of no 
certain Signification. We may be allowed to wifh our Friends 
well, but that Inclination fliould be fuppreffed fo as not to ap- 
pear in our Condudl, or to affeS. our Judgments. From thele Words 
a Sufpicion may arife, but to fay they amount to pofitive Proof, 
or that Reynolds fixed the Robbery on Ford, your Committee appre- 
hend, is flying too much. 

Since the Beginning of this Sefllon, by Occafion of a Meifage fent 

by 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 91 

by His Excellency, the Houre had the Examination of Thomas Ken- 
ney, Efq. taken before the Chief-Juftice, which, for that Reafon, it 
may be proper juft to fay a few Words on. 

It appears from this Examination — That Reynolds was apprehen- 
five that he was taken either for counterfeiting Money, or ra- 
vifliing a Girl ; from the firfl he endeavoured to clear himlelf, men- 
tioning more than once that what he dealt in was good Money, 
was Treafury Money, and not counterfeit Money ; the Terms 
good Money and Treafury Money he made Ufe of iVnonimoufly, as 
oppofed to Counterfeit Money, and not to mean (as we apprehend) 
the Money of which the Treafury ivas robbed — That when the She- 
riflf received a Copy of his Sentence, " he went into the Gaol and 
" read it to the Prifoners, of which Reynolds was one, and told them 
" they had better -make a Confeffton, or prepare for a Confeffion — 
" That Reynolds anfwered, the World expeded a great Confeffion ; 
" what he dealt in was good Money, it was Treafury Money — 
*' That he had advifed with the Clergymen who had attended him, 
" if it was not necelTary for the Salvation of his Soul ro make a- 
*' ny Confeffion, who did not imagine it to be fo — that he \Rey- 
•' nolds^ would not diftrefs Men, Women and Children by any Con- 
" feffion he Ihould make — added I know / mutt die, / have for- 
*' feited wy Life, and Government miijl have Satisfaction. Yv'as I 
•' ten Miles from this Place I (hould know as much as any Bo- 
" dy or as any of them of the Robbery of the Treafury or of 
" Treafury Money, this Deponent don't remember which, but as I 
" am here, I fliall fay Nothing, I fhall make no Confelfion, I 

" fliall difappoint the World That when he ftood on the Hogf- 

" head, and was tied to the Gallows, this Deponent aiked Reynolds 
*' three or four Times, if he had any Thing to fay he mull fay 
" it foon, he had but a few Minutes to live — that Reynolds gave 
•' no Anfwer — that he heard Reynolds advife the other Prifoners to 
" make no Confeffion. You had better have fome little Ejacula- 
*' tion afcending to Heaven, that's enough for you." 

Here it may be obferved that the Sheriff fays. When Reynolds 
ftood on the Hogfliead, and was afked by the Sheriff three or four 
Times if he had any Thing to fay he muft fay it foon, for he had 
but a few Minutes to live, Reynolds made no Anfwer. His Ex- 
cellency obferves, that " he was afked jttjl before he was turned 
*' off, whether he had any Thing further to fay, he declared that 
*' he had not, for that he had before confeffed all he kneiv of Con- 
■ " fequence to the Publick, and that ivhat he had confeffed ivas true, 
" or Words to that Effect." — From whom this Information came 
your Committee cannot fay, but they fliould have thought the She- 
riff muft (in Cafe any Thing of this Kind juft before he was turn- 
ed off had paffed) have been as likely to have heard them as any Body. 
Your Committee ftrongly fufped that all the Prifoners, Cooper 
excepted, knew the Importance of faying Something about the Rob- 
bery of the Treafury — Reynolds ?> Hint leems to your Committee to 
have been thrown out with a View of being examined on this Sub- 

jea, 



92, VOTES, &c. (s/" //7f General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 

jecl, but it feems that he alone was deflined to make Satisfadion 
to Juftlce, i'o that his Hints were not accepted of, and what makes 
your Committee except Cooper, is, that he was i'o ftupid as, on the 
Day of his Execution, to defire that the particular Queftions, where 
Government thought him deficient, Ihould be afked ; M'hich fhews his 
Inclination to fatisfy, as well as his Ignorance wherein he could do fo. 

Whether his (Reynolds) Confeffion firfl: made was fo made, " with- 
*' out any one prefent having the Jeajl Expedlation that he meant 
" to fay any Thing but what related to the Counterfeiting of Money," 
your Committee cannot fay. But from the Perfons prefent your 
Committee imagine the leajl Expe(5lation might have been entertain- 
ed of fuch Confeffion — For Col. Ogden had liifpecled him long be- 
fore, his Sufpicions were no Doubt communicated to his Father ; 
the Treafurer had fufpedled him in 177 1, as Mr. Parker in his 
Letter mentions j the Attorney-General could hardly have been ig- 
norant of this ; and the Examination is taken on the 17 th of Au- 
gujl before Judge Ogden and Cortland Skintier, Efq. 

His Excellency alio thinks his Confeffions to have been made with 
a View " of revealing all he knew, thereby making all the Atone?nent in 
*' his Power to Government." — Reynolds himfelf, a few Days before his 
Execution, thought his Life a fufficient Atonement ; that a Con- 
feffion was not neceflary — ^and whoever is informed of the general 
Life he lived, may have as much Reafon to believe he verified his 
Words " I fhall difappoint the World," as to depend on his Con- 
feffions. 

Notwithftanding His Excellency is pleafed to declare, that on thefe 
Confeffions he " might Jafely reft the Proofs of having fufficient Au- 
*' thority for mentioning that the Affair of the Robbery of the Trea- 
" fury was brought to Light," your Committee cannot but think 
more to be neceffary. To confider it ffiortly, and w'ithout the Com- 
ment made on it, it appears to be little more than what follows : 

1. If the Narrative of the I'jth. Augujl was before his Convidlion, 
but the Story of a Man of bad Principles without an Oath. 

2. Of a Man deftitute of Credibility, who did not think any Con- 
feffion to be neceffary. 

3. Of a Man who thought a little Ejaculation " afcending to Hea- 
" ven" enough for him in fuch deplorable Circumftances. 

4. And here let it be obferved, that if the Treafurer may be fup- 
poled, three or four Days after the Robbery of the Treafury, to 
have been under fuch Agitation of Mind as to have been tnijlaken, 
in what Situation muft this Man have been. 

5. The unufual Mode taken to give the laft Confeffion a Credi- 
bility — an Oath to a dying Convidt — ffiews how mixch Govern- 
ment or others had it at Heart to give it an Air of Credit, and car- 
ries with it a Diftruft which is not mended by the Attempt. 

Your Committee, having now done with Reynolds, will proceed to 
Coopers laft Confeffion ; but, before your Committee make any Ob- 
fervations thereon, permit them to fay. 

That unheard of, and as uncommon as the Mode ufed to give Credit 

to 



i4th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Goverinor. 93 



to Rejno/ds's Confeffions is, they fall vaftly fliort of the Labour and 
Pains ufed to obtain a Difcovery of the Robbery from Cooper. 

Every Body is obliged to give Satisfadlion to Government in a 
reafonable Way ; the Modes of doing it are various, as well as the 
Arguments ufed to obtain it. This Obfervation might have been 
made with more Propriety after introducing the fublequent Affida- 
vit, taken on a MelTage from the Governor to the Alfembiy for that 
Purpofe. 

It is the Affidavit of Colonel Ogden, and left your Committee may 
hereafter be faid to have mifreprefented the Senfe of it, they think it 
proper to introduce the Whole. It is poffible your Committee may 
think wrong, but, if they do not, it will difcover to the World, 
why, on what Arguments, and for what Reafons, Cooper confefled 
that Sain. Ford robbed the Treafury. 

But before your Committee take Notice of the Affidavit of Colonel 
Ogden, permit them alio to mention, That they do not look on them- 
felves to be under a Neceffity, nor do they intend to exculpate 
Ford from any Crimes, that he knew or may hereafter be accufed 
of — They have as bad an Idea of the Man as . they ought in Juf- 
tice to have ; but as it is faid the Affiiir of the Robbery of the 
Treafury, in which the Publick are concerned, hath been brought 
to Light, and this as a Fact pofitively proved, the Publick fliould 
not be led into an Error. — Some ftriking Objections appear to arife 
both to the Credibility of the Fadl, as well as to the Inferences 
drawn from thofe Facfts, which your Committee thought proper to 
fubmit to the Confideration of the Houfe. 



" O AMU EL OGDEN, Efq. of the Coimty of Morris, in the 
*' ^ Province of Neiv-Jeifey, maketh Oath and faith, fome Time, 
" he believes, within a few Months after the Robbery of the Ea- 
" ftern Treafury, that he had fome Reafon to fufpect that Samuel 
*' Foi'd, Benjamin Cooper and David Reynolds were concerned therein — 
*' One of this Deponent's Reafons for lufpecfling them was as follows : 
*' He kept a Look out on all new Money that he received ; that one 
" Hyler (as he believes to be his Name) came to this Deponent's Store 
" and paid three or four T'u.-el've or Fifteen Shilling Bills, all of 
** one Date, which looked quite new, and which he laid he received 
" of Benjamin Cooper, but doth not remember the Date ; that he kept 
" the Bills until he went to Nenvark, where he mentioned his Sufpici- 
*' ons to his Father and his Brother Ij'aac, which laft fhewed him two, 
*' three, four, or five Bills that were alfo new ; that the Bills he fo re- 
*' ceived of Hyler, and thofe fhewn to him by his faid Brother, had 
*' been doubled or folded up in a particular Manner ; that IJaac Og" 
*' den informed this Deponent that he had received them of Bott or Hed- 
" den ; that either Bott or his faid Brother informed this Deponent 
" that the faid Bills were paid to Bott by Samuel Haines or John King 
" of Morris Toivn, they having been lately together in Keivark — the 
" Bills he, this Deponent, received himfelf he fhewed to Mr. Skitiner the 
*' Treafura'y but does not (know) whether he kept or delivered the 

Z faid 



94 VOTESy &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



" faid Bills to Mr. Skinner ; that fome Time after David Reynolds 
" and one Aiijlin Reed came to this Deponent's Father's Houfe, when, 
*' fufpedling them to be concerned with Ford in counterfeiting and 
" in the Robbery of the Treafury, the Under-flieriff was fent to dog 
" them (but this Deponent doth not know whether this was before or 
" after he received the Bills aforefaid) with a View to make fome 
" Difcovery ; that from his Knowledge of the Circumflances of Ford 
" before, and fome Time after his Return to Morris from New-Tork^ 
** he was fatisfied fully Ford was either guilty of counterfeiting or was 
" concerned in the Robbery of the Treafiiry ; that it feemed to be the 
" general Opinion Ford made Ufe of fome unfair Means to get the E- 
*' flate he feemed to be pofleffed of, after his faid Return to Morris, as 
*' he believes ; that this Deponent received a Reprieve for Cooper^ 
•' Btidd and Haines, for one Month or four Weeks, figned by the Go- 
•' vernor, with certain Qaeftions to put to all the Prifoners, which 
•' Queftions were delivered to this Deponent in Council ; that he was 
" inftru6ted to afk fuch other Queftions as fhould occur to him ; that 
*' he was defired to go through all the Queftions on the Morning of 
" the Day of his Execution with Reynolds, but was told he might 
*■' take further Time with the others ; that he was defired by the Go- 
*' vernor and Council, when the Refpite was given to this Deponent 
" for the Convids, to tell Cooper that they did not think he had 
*' made an ample Confeffion ; that the Governor had fent him a Re^ 
*' fpite to give him an Opportunity of fo doing, on the Performance 
<« of which he would receive a Pardon, which this Deponent had pro- 
" mifed to endeavour to procure from Government, but that if he did 
♦' not make a full Confeffion this Deponent's Pi'omife not being bind- 
" ing, he would not be entitled to or receive the Pardon ; that this De- 
" ponent fufpeding Cooper of other Villanies, particularly of the Rob- 
*' berv of the Treafury, afked the Governor if he might promife him 
" a Pardon if he confefled other Villanies than thofe of which he 
♦' was indided, but doth not recoiled whether in particular he men- 
*« tioned to the Governor that of the Robbery of the Treafury, but thinks 
" he did, other wife Cooper might be afraid of being puniftied for other 
" Villanies ; that on the Day of Execution, in order to give the Con- 
" feffion greater Solemnity, this Deponent fent for the Rev. Mr, 
" M^ ^tarter and Mr. Jones, two Clergymen, and Dr. Tuthill, and as 
" this Deponent believes, Col. Ford, fen. who all together with this 
*' Deponent were at the Gaol, when Reynolds was firft took out of the 
" Gaol into the Court Room, and told by this Deponent or his Bro- 
*' ther Abraham who was prefent, he was very forry to tell him (Rey- 
" noldsj that he muft die, and that the only Service he could do to 
*' obtain Pardon of God and his Country, was to make an ample Con- 
*' feffion, or Words to that Effed, which Reynolds faid he would do, 
" and then made the Confeffion in Writing, and anfwered to the Que- 
*' ries figned by the Deponent and delivered by him to the Governor ; 
*' Reynolds at the fame Time declared his firft Confeffion to be true ; 
*' after which Reynolds was carried back to Gaol, and Benjarnin Cooper 
*' brought out into the Court Room, whereupon this Deponent aflced 

" Cooper 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 95 

'^ Cooper if he remembered the Promifes made to him by this Deponent 
' before his (the faid Coopers) firft Confeffion, which was, that if he 
' made a full Confellion, this Deponent would endeavour to procure 
' a Pardon, but if he (Cooper) did not make an a7nple and full Con- 
' feffion, he would be hanged, which Cooper faid he did. This De- 
' ponent then told Cooper he was forry to inform him that Go'uernment 
' joined this Deponent in Opinion that he (Cooper) had not made a 
' full Confeffion, and that as he had failed on his Part, and had not 
' complied with his Promife, he, this Deponent, did not look on him- 
' felf bound ; on which Cooper afked this Deponent to afk him (Cooper) 
' the particular ^leflions where he thought him deficient, which this 
' Deponent denied, faid he would not alk him any particular Quef- 
' tions — If he knew more he could tell it — when Cooper protefted his 
' Innocence over and onjer again, but in fuch a Way that this 
' Deponent disbelieved. Finding this djd not bring Cooper to a Con- 
' yC^o?z, he told Cooper he had a Refpite from the Governor, fhewed 
' him the Refpite, but did not then read it to him, and told him as 
' Government did not believe he had made an ample Confeffion 
' they had given him an Opportunity of doing fo. If it fhould ap- 
' pear that he made a full Confeffion, or if they approved his Con- 
' feffion to be full, he would receive a Pardon, or otherwife hang- 
' ed on the Day when it expired. That this Deponent meant and 
' he ufed Expreffions and intended to convey this Idea to Cooper, 
' That if he then did not make a full Confeffion, he would be hang- 
ed immediately, that is, on the Day when Reynolds was executed and 
on the Day on which this Deponent was fpeaking to him and gave 
Cooper to underftand that he, this Deponent, was certain that he 
(Cooper) had not tnade a full Confeffion, cautioned him a great 
many Times againft charging any innocent Perfon, and mentioned 
the Probability oi Ford's being taken, and the fatal Confequences to 
Cooper on charging any innocent Perfon. And this Deponent declar- 
ed, before the Gentlemen prefent, that fo far from ufing any Mea- 
fures to fave him, he, this Deponent, would ufe all his Influence 
with Government to have him hanged, in cafe he faid too much 
or charged any innocent Perfon ; that Coo-pev fill perffled in his Inno- 
cence, and continued that unaccountable Behaviour. This Deponent 
then mentioned the Promife of Government on fuch Confeffion to par- 
don him for any other Villanies he had committed ; told him he 
need not be afraid, or be under any Conftraint, for the Confeffion he 
fhould then make would not have any Operation againfl him — re- 
peated to him that this Deponent was forry for him, that he muft 
blame himfelf, and not this Deponent for his Situation, as he had not 
made a full Confeffion : faid every Thing he could to frighten Coo- 
per to zfull Confeffion which this Deponent thought he had not made. 
This Deponent, before the Execution of Reynolds, ordered tl>e She- 
riff to take off Coopers Irons and to pinion him, in order to fix 
him in a Belief of his being to be then hanged after Reynolds was 
executed. Thinking Cooper had not been full in his Confeffion, and 
conceiving, from his Behaviour, he did not expect to be executed, 

" this 



^6 VOTESy &CC. of /j??f General Assembly o/' New-Jersey, 



this Deponent told the Sheriff with his Officers to take the Rope in 
his Hands, go in to Cooper, tell him he was forry to do his Duty, 
that the Time was near expiring, and as he might want fome little 
Time under or at the Gallows, he muft take him out. This De- 
ponent alfo dire(5ted the Sheriff to coil the Rope, and move it, and 
then come out, and tell this Deponent the Effect. And alfo told the 
Sheriff to take great Care not to touch Cooper with the Rope. In a 
little Time the Sheriff returned, and told this Deponent Cooper was 
frightened, knew tnore, and would confefs it. On which this De- 
ponent went into the Gaol to Cooper, told him he was as great a 
Ralcal as ever lived ; that this Deponent was afraid what he. Coo- 
per, was going to fay was not true, and that he was only going to 
fay it to fave his Life, and charged him not to accufe any innocent 
Perfon, nor to fay anything too much or imtrue, if he did he 
fliould certainly be hanged — not to give this Deponent any ro7md a- 
hont Story, to be as concife as poffible ; he mufl fay in a few Words 
what he had to fay or knew, for that Time would not admit of Tri- 
fling. He anfwered. What he was going to fay was true , it would 
prove itfelf fo, and other Words to that Purpofe, and faid Sam. 
Ford hath robbed the Treafury, went from Neiv-Tork with Soldiers 
to effecl it, and fliewed him a Peck of Money ; that Cooper faid this 
in a confufed Manner, but that he gave the Subftance of his laft 
Confeffion, on which this Deponent again cautioned him as above. 
After this thought his Confeffion true, but affured Cooper, if it turn- 
ed out otherwife he fliould be hanged, or that this Deponent would 
ufe his Influence to do it. This Deponent then had him taken 
(Cooper) out into the Room, wrote down about a Side of a Sheet of 
Paper, containing the Subfl;ance of his faid Confeffion, and finding 
him exceedingly confufed, told him he would call again in the Af- 
ternoon, which he did, and Cooper gave the fame Relation, and per- 
fifted in the Truth, but flill appeared confufed, faid he had many 
Things to relate, if this Deponent would give him Time to compofc 
himfeif, he would endeavour to recoiled: himfelf, which this Depo- 
nent thinking to be beft, ordered him Pen, Ink and Paper, and faid 
he would call on Sunday Morning ; that on Sunday this Deponent 
repeated the Cautions aforefaid ; that Cooper gave him Part of his lafl: 
Confeffion wrote by Cooper, correfponding with the half Sheet afore- 
faid ; that on Friday the 24th September, as he believes, this De- 
ponent went to Cooper, read over his Confeffion to him, and fwore 
him to the Truth, and the Anfwers given to the Queries propofed 
by the Governor and Council, as this Deponent believes, without 
any Orders to his Remembrance for fo adminiftering the Oath. This 
Deponent aflced Cooper, Why he held out fo long, and kept back his 
Confeffion of his Knowledge of the Robbery of the Treafury ? To 
which he anfwered his Reafons were, He had fo many Crimes al- 
ready againft him that he expedled, if he difcovered it, he fliould 
have lefs Chance of Mercy ; he believed this Deponent or the Court 
would not give him up, and he had Interefl: enough to fave him. 
This Deponent further faith, That on the Friday Evening or Saturday 

" Morning 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 97 



" Morning of the firfl: Week of the Court (after having gone through 
*' moft of the Examinations and no pofitive Evidence even againll Ford) 
" this Deponent went to Cooper, told him he was fure he was guilty— - 
" unlefs he confefTed, fome other would, and he would fall a Sacrifice ; 
" that Cooper came the next Morning, and after getting this Deponent's 
*' Promife to ufe his Influence to procure a Pardon, made a Confef- 
*' fion as to the counterfeiting Money. The Judges of the Court were 
*' Judge Ogden, Col. Ford, Dr. Tut hill, Daniel Cooper, Col. Ford, jun. 
" and this Deponent, who fat during the Coart ; that Stephen Skinner 
*' was alfo there, being fent for, as this Deponent was informed, to in- 
" fped: counterfeit Bills, but did not, to his Knowledge, tranfact any 
*' of the Buiinefs of the Court or attend the Examinations of any of 
" the Witnefles. This Deponent remembers the faid Stephen Skin- 
" 7ier to have been once or twice on the Bench. And this Deponent 
*' further faith, that he doth not pretend in the foregoing AfBda- 
" vit to have mentioned the very Words which were expreifed, but 
" that the Whole in Subflance only — And further faith not." 

On which your Committee beg Leave to remark, That admitting 
Reynolds's firfl: Confeflion to be quite voluntary, " without any one 
" prefent having the Lajl Expedlation that he meant to fay any Thing" 
about the Robbery of the Treafury, yet Government muft have had 
/otne Expectations from Cooper, for Col. Ogden was directed, " by the 
" Governor and Council, to tell Cooper that that they did not think 
" he had made an ample Confeflion ; that the Governor had fent a Re- 
" fpite to give him an Opportunity of fo doi7ig," and, in order to in- 
duce Cooper to anfwer thofe Expedations, Mr. Ogden, " fufpecting 
*' Cooper of other Villanies, particularly of the Robbery of the Trea- 
*' fury, afked the Governor if he might promife Cooper a Pardon, if he 
" confeifed other Villanies than thofe of which he was indidled, but 
" doth not recollect whether in particular he mentioned to the Go- 
*' vernor that of the Robbery of the Treafury, but thinks he did, other- 
*' wife Cooper might be afraid to confefs other Villanies," which was 
granted. The unhappy Man, thus circumfl:anced, was brought out 
of Gaol, told " that as Government did not think he had made an am- 
" pie Confeflion, they had given him an Opportunity of fo doing." — . 
If it fliould appear that he made a full ConfelTion, or if they approved 
his Confeflion to be full, he would receive a Pardon, or otherwile 
hanged on the Day when it expired. — " That this Deponent meant 
" and ufed Exprefllons and intended to convey this Idea to Cooper, that 
" if he did not make a full Confellion he niufi be hanged immediately, 
" that is, on the Day on which this Deponent was fpeaking to him." 
It appears Cooper fiiewed an Inclination to give this Satisfaction to Go- 
vernment, and went fo far as to requefl: " the Particulars, where he 
" thought him deficient," might be afked of him — this was refufed — 
It was alfo true that he was cautioned " a great many Times againft 
" charging anv innocent Perfon, and mentioned the Probability of 
" Ford' J being taken' — It alfo appears that on this Day, appointed for 
his Execution, " he protefted his Innocence over and over again, but in 

A a " fuch 



98 VOTES, 8cc. of //j^ General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



" fuch a Way as this Deponent difbelieved." It appears, after many Ar- 
guments, " that Cooper ftill perlifted in his Innocence, and continued this 
" unaccountable Behaviour." — Finding this did not bring C?5/>fr to a Con- 
feflion, his Irons were taken ofF, and, tho' according to Keymy's Account, 
he was ib frightened as to tumble down and remain until Reynolds's 
Irons were firfl: taken off. Cooper made no Confeffion, and of Confe- 
quence the Expectations of Government remained unanfivered. — Reynolds 
was executed and one more Argument adduced, which had the defired 
Effecl. The Rope was brought in, coil'd, and Ihewed to him — this he 
could not withftand, and cried out Sain. Ford robbed the Treafury. 
*' After this his Confeffion was thought true ;" and it doth not ap- 
pear that after the 24th of September, the Time given him to draw up a 
Confellion, which would convince the World of the Truth of it, any 
Application was made to him to confefs further — Government appears 
to have been fatisfied, and your Committee fuppofe approved of his Con- 
feffion as full ! 

This Confeffion of Cooper is faid to have been " voluntarily made, 
" taken and fworn." And to fhew how voluntarily and with what fo- 
lemnity it was made, your Committee have been rather particular, tho' 
not fo much fo, as the Narrative would admit of. 

Your Committee think proper alfo to mention, that Cooper was fo 
confufed on the Day of this Tranfaclion, that it was thought not pro- 
per to take his Confeffion. Under this Confufion, it is poffible, he 
may have made fome Miflakes. A Charge was given " Not to fay any 
" Thing too viuch or iintrue — if he did he fliould certainly be hanged." 
And from henceforward it appears, though he confeffed with fome Re- 
lu6lance, yet he hath adhered to his Confeffion with great Uniformity. 

Before entering into Coopers Confeffion, it may alio be proper to ob- 
ferve, that Cooper, being under fome Imputations, went before Lord Stir- 
ling on the 3d o^ February 1770, and fwore " that, to the belt of his Know- 
" ledge and Recolledlion, he never received, paid away, or was pof- 
" feffed of any Bill of Paper Currency of this or any of the neigh- 
" bouring Provinces that was counterfeit or fufpeded of being coun- 
*' terfeit, except one he received of one Parlimeni's Son." 

It alfo appears by this Affidavit that Cooper had declared " this in Sub- 
" ftance" to Juflice Gold " on Oath" and afterwards declared the fame 
on Oath to the Grand-Jury at Morris-Toivn fome Time laft Summer. 

In Coopers laft folemn Confeffion he fwears that he, " in the Be- 
" ginning of the Winter, or the laft of Autumn of 1768 or the Be- 
" ginning of 1769, was concerned with and had received from him 
" (Ford) fome fmall Sum of counterfeit Bills of this Province of Six 
" Shillings and Three Shillings each." 

It would be fpending Time quite unneceffarily to Ihew the palpable 
and plain Untruths in Coopers Affidavits. Let it fuffice to fay, he 
hath fworn as many different Ways as he thought it his Intereft to do. 
Under thefe Difadvantages His Excellency is pleafed to declare " There 
" is no Perfon, I believe, who has formed a ivorfe Idea of his Cha- 
" radler than I have, and I fliould think it extremely wrong to let 
" his Teflimony have any Weight in Points where it was repugnant to 
*' any creditable Evidence." It 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £//. Governor. 99 



It feems to your Committee, that this Man's Oaths, tho' obtained 
with all the Solemnities heretofore mentioned, under the Difadvan- 
tages of their being fomewhat contradi6:ory, ought to be well confi- 
dered before they are admitted to have any Weight, even where they 
do not contradidl other Evidence. 

In the Cafe of Titus Oates, who was accufed of Perjury — the Chief- 
Juftice was fo incenfed as to tell him in open Court " It were a pity 
" but that his Teftimony was to be fealed with his Blood." — To prove 
Titus Oates guilty, the Attorney-General called one Smith, and faid 
he called him to fwear that what he had formerly fworn was falfe, 
and that he was perfuaded to do fo. — The Chief- Juftice, tho' not in- 
clined to favour him, was not of the Opinion that " his Teftimony" 
fhould " have any Weight" even where it was not repugnant to any 
" creditable Evidence" and though Precedents were brought to fup- 
port it, he delivered thefe noble Sentiments uncontradided to this 
Day. 

" I hate fuch Precedents at all Times ; let it be done never fo often. 
" Shall I believe a Villain one Word he fays, when he owns that he 
" forfvvore himfelf." He thought it wrong to hear him, much lefs to 
bear him and after weigh his Credibility againft Others. 

Your Committee apprehend it to be unneceflary to go into many 
Obfervations on Benjamin Coopers Confeflions ; they think any Thing 
he hath fworn liable to Objecflions, and not to be fo well connedled as 
to convince " any Body" of the Truth of it ; for it is hardly probable, 

1. \i Ford was fo apprehenfive of pafling the Treafury Money (as 
from the Tenor of Coopers Confeffion he pretends Ford was) he never 
would have rifked the Eighteen Pounds to Reynolds in 1770, and 
not truft his " Bofom Friend" Cooper. 

2. Cooper alfo pretends " If I (Cooper) had not given him (Ford^ 
" this Security, he would (have) fued me for a large Debt due to 
*' him, and fold the Share of the Works I bought of him for a Trifle, 
" whereby it would have ruined me." — Is it poffible that Cooper 
fhould have been under thefe Apprehenfions ? or probable that Ford 
would have rendered defperate a Man of his Morals, and which he muft 
have had an Opportunity of knowing. 

3. Cooper fays, " That he {Ford) was preparing to fet off for Eng- 
" land, incumbered with this Bufinefs (that is, a Suit brought by Levy) 
" and dared not pay it." But what was the Reafon ? Not for Fear 
of his being detedled of the Robbery of the Treafury, but becaufe " it 
" would give Sufpicion of his being at the counterfeit Bufinefs^ — This 
cannot be the Part of his Confeffion, fo well connected as to prove itfelf. 

4. Cooper, in his Anfwer to the Queries, put by Order of the Go- 
vernor and Council, Queftion four — fays, " he does not believe Ford 
" made any other Bills (but Six Shilling and Three Shilling Bills) before 
" he went to England" — This your Committee fuppofe to have been 
inferted, and indeed it feems fuppofed by His Excellency, that Ford ne- 
ver made Bills of a higher Denomination before that Time- — Cooper 
fays, in his Anfwer to the fifth Query, That he faw Ford fign Fifteen 
Shilling and Tivdve Shilling ^'iWs m the Spring of the Year 1771. 

This 



ICO VOTES, 8cc. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 

This is fuppofed to be Treafury Money ; but, to filence this Suppo- 
fition forever, and all the Arguments drawn from it, which are not few, 
let it be noted, that the Eaftern Treafurer in his Depofition, fworn be- 
fore Chief-Juftice Smyth, fays, " that the Bills ftolen are of different De- 
" nominations from Six Pounds and under, but moil of Fifteen Shil- 
" lings and upwards, fgned by Richard Smith, Johnfon and this De- 
" ponent." 

Your Committee hope that this Obfervation, at leaft with fuch who 
fuppofe Coopers Confelhons true, will put a Stop to the Suppofitioa 
Ford counterfeited only Six and Three Shilling Bills of Neiv-ferfey^ 
before he went to England. 

Senfible of fome Objedlions to the Credibility of Cooper s Tefti- 
mony. His Excellency in the next Place rtates feme of them, and 
feems to affign as the Caule why Cooper did not make the Con- 
feffion of the Robbery of the Treafury fooner to be, becaufe that, 
*' had he any Knowledge or Concern " therein, and fliould have 
confelTed it, he was afraid, " left he fliould then ftand but little Chance 
*' of obtaining a Pardon ;" — and is plealed to add, " that for this Fear 
*' he had indeed no fmall Reafon, as it appeared by his own Con- 
" feffion, that he had not only been privy to the Tranfadion fbon 
*' after, but had a(5tually received a Share of the Money for his owa 
" Ufe." 

From hence it appears that Cooper was rather more diftruftful of Go- 
vernment than he need to have been. He had confided in Col. Ogdens 
Promifes, and had made a Confeflion of a Crime for "which he was con- 
demned to die : Col. Ogden had, by Order of Government, told him 
he need not " be under any Conftraint, for the Confeflion he fliould 
" then make, would not have any Operation againft him."— But when 
it is confidered that the Share he had in the Treafury was but flnall 
— that he had paid what was between him and Ford, a Confideratioa 
equal to the Value — that he only kept the Secret of a Man who had 
his own Life in his Power — that at the Court at which he was condemned 
Cooper was not only indidled of the Crime for which he was con- 
demned, but alfo for counterfeiting or pafllng bad Ducats, and for aid- 
ing and afllfting Ford to efcape, his Guilt could not receive much Aggra- 
vation — It could not be the Reafon of his not confefllng the Robbery. 

His Excellency next adds, " I fcarcely know which to admire moll, 
" the Folly or Wickednefs of thofe who firft fuggefted or propa- 
" gated the other Idea, namely, that Cooper was either perfuaded or 
" compelled to this Confeflion by Promifes of a Pardon or by Threats of 
" lofing his Life" — thinks this Report " a Reflection on fome of the 
" Oflicers of Government, and on none more than niyfelf " — adds, " as 
" it has met with many Advocates and Promoters even amongft 
*' thofe who ought to know and adl better— I cannot avoid paying 
" more Attention to it, than I fliould otherwife thought it dcferved !" 

Your Committee will not undertake to fay whether this Report will 
meet with fewer Promoters, amongft thofe who ought to know bet- 
ter, but one good End will be anfwered by inferting the foregoing Af- 
fidavit — that all may know and a(fl: better when they come to be in- 
formed 



j^th G. m. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor, ioi 

formed in ivhat Manner the lajl Confejfion of Cooper was obtained — if 
the Mode in which it was acquired will give juil Reafons fo to do. 

His Excellency after this proceeds to mention " that it muft have 
" been with great Reludlance that he [Cooper) accufed one who had 
" for many Years been his BoJ'om Friend^ and from whom he had 
" received particular Obligations." 

Here your Committee apprehend there to be fome little Inconfiften- 
cy — for Cooper himfelf declares he kept back the ConfeiTion of his 
Knowledge of the Robbery for another Reafon, which hath been alrea- 
dy mentioned, becaufe, if he had made it, he fhould have had lefs 
Chance for Mercy — and indeed if it is confidered that before this, he 
hadfaid enough about his Bofom Friend, if true, to hang him; if he was 
pofTeiTed of any Reludlance, it muft have arifen from an Apprehenfion 
of injuring the Reputation of his faid Friend, with as much Probabi- 
lity as the other Suppofition. — With Refpect to the Perfon of his Bofom 
Friend he had told enough if true to effectually have difpofed of that. 
The Governor alfo apprehends Cooper never would have been i^o ftu- 
pid as to have accufed Ford, who had fo confiderable Relations and 
Connections, and, for aught he knew, might have been brought back 
in a few Days to confront him, when he might have fixed it on fome 
Perfon " who would have equally anfwered his Purpofe ; one who was 
" either dead or removed out of the Province, to fome Place he knew 
" not where." 

Here your Committee would obferve, that, by Col. Ogdens Teftimony, 
Cooper feems to have been much frightened, by Kenny s, Account, fo 
much as to fall on the Floor and remain until Reynolds's Irons were 
taken off; fo that it may be owing to this Confufion he did not pitch 
on another out of the Power of Government, and who might not be 
fubjed: to a Chance of being taken. But on a fudden, your Committee 
cannot think of a Man of whom this Story would have been more cre- 
dible (Cooper excepted) and if Cooper had confeffed it of himfelf, per- 
haps the Treafurer might have thought himfelf juftifiable in requiring 
fome fmall Compenfation from him, when pardoned ; but what Rifle 
Cooper would have run, from a Profecution for Perjury in fuch Cafe, 
your Committee have not Sagacity enough to determine. When once he 
had mentioned Ford, he could not well have deviated from it ; for, in 
fuch Cafe, " the Governor and Council were determined that if his 
" Story fhould not prove confiftent, or if it fhould be found he had in 
" any Ways attempted to impofe upon them, that no Mercy fliould be 
" fhewn him on any Account, but, on the contrary, he might exped the 
" utmoft Vengeance of Government would purfue him." 

Your Committee would not be \inderftood to caft any Refledions on 
the Gentlemen who took the laft ConfefTion of Cooper ; they believe 
thofe Gentlemen have exerted themfelves, and have really done their 
Covmtry Service, in the Deteclion of the Villains who counterfeited the 
Bills of the Colony ; but they cannot but think that the Zeal of 
fome of them, carried them full as far as the Laws of the Land di- 
rect, to obtain of Cooper the ConfefTion that Sam. Ford robbed the 
Treafury. 

B b The 



I02 VOTES, 8<c. of the GEt^EKAL Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 

The Governor is alfo pleafed next to " examine whether there are 
" not feme Particulars mentioned in his [Coopers) Teftirnony, which 
*' are confirmed by the Teftirnony of Others, and corroborated by ma- 
*' ny Jirikijig Circumftance« ? — and Tays, he entirely agrees with Rey~ 
*' nolds in fixing the Robbery on Ford." 

" Fixing the Robbery on Ford" feems rather to be too ftrong Expref- 
fions — Reynolds does not fix it on Ford — What he fays is, that Ford 
told him he had got hold of one End of it, which Cooper may fay now, 
with equal Truth, if his Confeifion be true, that he had Three Hun- 
dred Pounds of the Money. 

Befides, if it be alfo confidered, that Cooper and Reynolds were, for 
Weeks after their Condemnation, confined together in one Room, as 
Reynolds's Confefiion in publick was probably told him, it may account 
for Cooper s fixing it on Ford. 

Nor do your Committee think that what Cooper fays of the tivo Sol- 
diers quadrates with Phcebe IVebFs Oath, a few Days after the Rob- 
bery, in fuch a Way as to make it a ftriking Circumftance ; but as 
Richard Sharple/s's Teftimony is joined with Phwbe fVebb's, your Com- 
mittee will confider them together — to know how far they feem to 
agree. 

1. Phcebe Webb firft faw, two or three come down the Hill. She 
imagined them to be Soldiers, though the Night was dark and cloudy, 
fo that flie could not diftinguifli whether they were " Soldiers, Ne- 
" groes or what they were." Here then at leaft were four — probably 
five. — Coopers Account makes only three, if thefe are fuppoled the 
Robbers. 

2. Sharplefs only faw three, but one of thefe had a Horfe. Ford and 
his two Soldiers, by Cooper s Account, came in a Boat from the Blaz- 
ing-Star, and they could not have brought the Horfe with them. 

3. One Thing from the Whole of the Teftimony appears — your Com- 
mittee mean Webb, Sharplefs and Mifs Parker. — The firft fays, there 
was a great Talking " round the Corner next to Mr. Skinners :" The fe- 
cond fays his Son waked him up, and he faw three Men at the Well ; 
Mifs Parker " put her Head out of the Window, when llie heard a 
" Noife that flie took to be the laying down of Oars in a Boat" — The 
firft heard " anuncomn^on Barking and Howling of Dogs, both above 
*' and below the Hill :" This Barking Mifs Parker alfo heard : Tf'to this 
is added the Teftimony of Mary Collins, who depofed " the Dogs bark- 
" ed very fierce''' — Elizabeth Inglis, that the Rowing of a Boat which 
fhe heard and judged to be rowing up the River, was very fmart — it 
muft be acknowledged that the Villains who committed this Robbery, 
perpetrated the Fa6l contrary to the common Mode, or otherwife that 
thefe were not the People ; for Robbers generally come and go alfo 
with as little Noife as they can poftibly make. 

4. The Suppofition of the Horfe to carry away the Money to Bon-' 
ham-Toivn, is more ingenious than jnfly founded. The Words " from 
*' "whence it was depofited," does not prove that it was depofited at 
Bonham-Toivn. But to put a Stop to this ingenious Suppofition, let 
it be remembered, that Coopers ConfefTion, which the Governor is 

here 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efg. Governor. 103 



here corroborating, by thefe ftriking Circumflances, alluded to in his 
Speech, fays, " they went off in faid Boat" to a Wood on Stat e7i-IJl and ^ 
" or on South-AmboVy where they depofited the Money for a Time, and 
" the next Day returned into Amboy, in order to hear the common Re- 
" ports, where they flayed for a few Days." — There's another Thing 
ftrange in the latter Part of the laft Sedion — 1£ Ford told Cooper of the 
Robbery of the Treafury, and that he f Ford J was concerned in it, 
no tolerable Reafon can be given for his concealing from him the Cir- 
cumflances. It appears to your Committee (this Confelllon of Cooper s J 
not to be fo " well connected as to prove itfelf." On the contrary, 
it is highly improbable, that Ford and two Soldiers, who had no 
real Bufinefs at Aniboj, fhould come to a Place, where they had com- 
mitted a Crime fo flagrant, the next Day, to hear tlae common 
Reports. 

Your Committee therefore, fo far from feeing " fome Particulars" 
mentioned in the Teftimony of Cooper, " which are confirmed by the 
" Teftimony of others, and corroborated by many Jiriking CiTCum{\.a.n- 
" ces," don't apprehend that in the Teftimony oilVebbovSharpIefs, there 
are really any Jlriking Clrciimjiances, and think that Reynolds does not 
join " with Cooper in fixing the Robbery on FordT 

His Excellency next introduces fome Letters which paffed between 
the Honourable Mr. Parker, Mr. Skinner and Himfelf, to fhew Ford or 
Reynolds, or both, had fome Cohnecftions with Soldiers, and that they 
even at that Time, June lyj 1, or thereabouts, f lifpedled Ford and Rey~ 
nolds to have been concerned in the Robbery of the Treafury, which 
your Committee do not apprehend to be fo material as to require any 
further Notice to be taken of them than only to mention, 

They wifh the Hint of apprehending Ford and Reynolds had been 
made ufe of and put in Execution : If Reynolds had been concerned, 
it is very probable the Inducements offered to the Soldiers would have 
brought out the Truth. 

In the next Place Mifs Parkers and Elizabeth Inglis's, Teftimony are 
mentioned, on which your Committee do not think any further Re- 
marks to be neceffary, than only to obferve, that Mifs Parker s Tefti- 
mony, in their Opinion, dont pretty fully corroborate Cofj/^cr's Account 
of " Ford's having gone by Water to Amboy to commit the Robbery" — 
for though fhe heard a Noife, " that fhe took to be the laying down of 
*'Oars in a Boat," your Committee conceive that before xtcdMpretty fully 
corroborate Coopers Account, it ought to appear, that Ford was either 
in that Boat, or that the Boat came from the Blazing-Star; befides, the 
Noife of laying down Oars in a Boat is fo like many other Noifes, that 
no body can rely on it with a tolerable Degree of Certainty. 

Your Committee cannot fee how Ford's going to Bonham-Toivn can 
be called a Circumftance corroborating Coopers Confeffion, or that his 
going there under Pretence of felling fome Iron Caftings, " was as 
*' good a Pretence as Ford could make." And the Affidavit of Jeremiah 
Manning, fo far from proving that in 1768 he went under Pretence of 
felling fome Caftings, proves that he really had Occafion to go there, not 
to fell Iron Caftings, but to receive Money for fome he had left to be 

fold 



X04 VOTES, See. of the Gekeral Assembly of New-Jersey. 



fold a Year before. When Circumftances of this Kind are rehed on to 
corroborate any Thing, they Ihould at leaft be well founded. 

It mufl be admitted that Cooper does fay Ford told him " he had 
" changed fome old Money with the Treafurer, in order to view the 
*' Houle or Situation." But your Committee cannot conceive it n^ery pro- 
bable that at this Time he changed the Money at Mr. Skinner's " in or- 
" der to view the Houfe," or that it is " pretty certain he had no Kind 
" of Bufinefs or Dealings with any Perfon at Aniboy that could call him. 
" there." For, in the firft Place, whether he ever viewed it, as Cooper 
mentions, depends on Coopers Veracity, on which no Body can pretty 
certainly depend. — In the next Place, as all the publick Records of the 
Eaftern Divifion are kept there, we think that Ford, with equal Proba 
bility, may be fuppofed to have gone there to look either at a Deed, or 
Will, or Survey — Nor is it poilible that His Excellency could know his 
Bufmefs and Dealings fo as to be pretty certain he had not fent fome 
Iron Callings the Year before to Amhoy, as it appears he had to Manning,. 
Thefe therefore feem rather to be the Suggeflions of one inclined to fup- 
portan Opinion already adopted, than lufEcient to form one upon. 

His Excellency, in the next Place, mentions Cooper, Reynolds, Biidd 
and Haines, join in the Story of having feen Ford have Money in Sheets— 
in Sheets of either two or four Bills each — There feems fome Inaccuracy 
in the Expreffion — a Sheet of two or four Bills — It firft begun in Rey- 
nolds's Examination, and here your Committee would beg Leave to ex- 
amine the Queftion, whether the Money faid to have been ftolen out of 
the Treafury was really in Sheets or not ? 

The Governor's Sentiments on this Subje(5l are, that, " '^rora.the gene- 
" rrt/ 7>«or of that Part of the Eaftern Trealiirer's Oath which men- 
*' tions the feveral Kinds of Money in the Iron Cheft, one would be 
" naturally led to think that all the Money depofited there was cut from 
" the Sheets into fingle Bills ; and it is probable he might think fo at 
" the Time, when his Mind of courfe muft have been greatly agitated. 
" However I am, notwithftanding, clearly of Opinion, that in this, if 
" he did think fo, he muft have been miftaken ; and indeed there are no 
" Words in his Depolition which mention that the Bills which were 
" cut from the Sheets were cut into ftngle Bills ; they might have been 
" cut into two or four Bills for aught that appears to the contrary, 
"If they were cut into two or four Bills, or both, they will anfwer the 
*' Defcription of them given by Reynolds, Biuld and Cooper. It may 
" perhaps be remarked that Mr. Skinners Clerk, J'Villiam Campbell, has 
*' declared that the Method of counting the Money was to put twenty 
*' Bills of a Sort into a Bundle. This may polllbly have been the ge- 
*' neral Method of counting the Money that was cut, but it no Ways 
*' proves that all the Money that was counted was cut ; on the 
*' contrary he himfelf fays that all the Money that was cut was 
" bundled up ; and that he believes the Money {i. e. the Eleven Thoii- 
*' fand Pounds which he exprefsly fays was in the Cheft at the Time of 
" counting) was all counted but not all cut at that Ti?ne. This evi- 
" dently proves that fome uncut Money was kept in the Iron Chejl, and 
*' I think it not improbable likewife, that fome of that which was cut 

" might 



lA^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor, io^ 



*' might have two Bills of a Sort left, as I have many Times feen a 
*' Sheet of printed Bills, which has ct)ntained two or more Bills of the 
" fame Denomination, and fo printed as to be in a Line with each other." 

It is really for the wifeft Reafons, that the Law hath furrounded the 
Liberty and Property of the Subjed with certain Rules, which fecure 
both from Weaknefs and PrepoiTeirion. Without thefe Rules a Field is 
opened for Opinions, aga'injl ivhlch no Man^ though c'ver fo innocent can 
pojftbly defend hmfelf ; whereas, by obliging a Man to form Opinions 
on eftablifhed Principles, and to curb his Imagination, we ai-e fecured 
from thofe dangerous Confequences. 

Your Committee fhould think it a very poor Compliment to pay to 
the Treafurer, for them to fuppofe that he would enter into the folemn 
Obligation of an Oath without great Care. Every Inducement which 
could be thought on, muft have prefented itfelf to his View on that Oc- 
cafion. The Importance of a Miftake in an Oath, held up to the whole 
Province, in which he gave an Account of the Lofs of upwards of Six 

Thoiifmid Pounds of the publick Money, muft have been obvious. He 

muft have been confcious to what Cenfiires fo material a Miftake in the 
Defcription of the Money, muft have rendered him liable. And indeed 
his Knowledge of the Money feems to have been the principal Founda- 
tion on which he founded his Expectations of a Difcovery. Hence if 
he found his Mind under great Agitation, three or four Days after- 
wards, your Committee cannot fuppofe he would have taken an Oath • 
we have a better Opinion of his Underftanding than to think that he 
would have attempted it, until he found himfelf polTeiled of that Cool- 
nefs and Attention requifite to take an Obligation of fo much Importance 
to himfelf — Your Committee therefore cannot fuppofe him to have been 
miftaken in his Oath, in cafe he did think that the Money was cut from 
the Sheets into fmgle Bills ; and that he did think fo, is evident " from 
" the general Tenor of his Oath," which will naturally lead every one 
to be of that Opinion. 

In the Affidavit of the Treafurer it appears, 

" That the Money in the Cheft amounted to about £. 7814 : 9, all 
*' in Paper Money, except about 700 Dollars in two Bags — that the faid 
*' Paper Money was the Remainder of a larger Sum this Deponent had 
" bundled up fome Time in February, <^c. — that the Bills ftolen are of 
" different Denominations from £. 6 and under, but moft of 1 5/ and 
*' upwards, figned by Richard Smithy Johnflon, and this Deponent, and 
" are, as this Deponent believes, the Emiffions of 1763 and 1764, ex- 
" cept about £. 500 or 600, which had been current, and a little worn 
*' and bundled up in faid Cheft. This Deponent faith that the Money 
•' ftolen was bundled up, 20 Bills in a Bundle, and tied and pinned 
•' round with a Piece of Paper. — And this Deponent further faith that 
" he keeps the Bills in Sheets, as delivered to him by the Signers ; that 
" from thefe Sheets he, this Deponent, ufually cut the Bills from Time 
" to Time, and, for greater Security, hath always put the Money bun- 
" died up in the faid Iron Cheft ; that the faid Money, as aforefaid 
" ftolen, was, by this Depondent, fo put in the Iron Cheft." 

WiHiat7i Campbell fwears " he thinks there was at that Time in the 

C c " Cheft 



io6 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



" Cheft upwards of £. i i,ooo ; that the Method of counting the Bills 
" was to put twenty Bills of a Sort in a Bundle ; that all the Money 
" that was cut was bundled up ; and that he believes the faid Money 
•' was all counted, but not all cut at that Time." — 

Whoever will look into both thole Affidavits, will find that the Trea- 
furer f'peaks of one Time, to it'it, the Time of the Robbery — his Clerk 
of another, the Time when the Money was counted ; and tho' the laft fays 
" that he believes the faid Money was all counted" (which he thinks, not 
exprefsly fays, was in the Cheft at the Time of counting in February) 
" but not all cut at that Time ;" yet it leaves no Room to fuggeft 
that at the Time of the Robbery, there was any Jerfey Currency 
in the Iron Cheft, but what was cut out of the Sheets into fingle Bills. 

His Excellency is pleafed to admit " that from the general Tenor of 
" that Part of the Eaftern Treafurer's Oath, which mentions the feve- 
" ral Kinds of Money in the Iron Cheft, one would be naturally led 
" to think that all. the Paper Money depofited there was cut from the 
" Sheets into fingle Bills ;" if fo, with what Kind of Propriety can that 
Conftrudion, which one would be naturally led to make, be departed 
from, for another founded on a worfe Principle ? 

He, in the next Place, is pleafed to fay, " I am notwithftanding clear- 
" ly of Opinion, that if he did think fo," (that is, did think as one would 
be naturally led to think, from the whole Tenor of his Oath) " that in 
*' this he muft have been miftaken." What the Reafons are for fo clear- 
ly fuppofing the Treafurer miftaken, your Committee are at a Lofs 
to determine, unlefs it be to prove that the Money which is mentioned 
by Reynolds and others in Sheets, was not only Treafury Money, but 
that Part of it, which was ftolen from the Treafury in fuly 1768 : Un- 
fortunately no particular Reafons to evince this clearly, are here given ; 
and the general Tenor of the Treafurer's Oath naturally leads to the 
contrary Opinion. 

From the Treafurer's Oath and CampheU\ alfo, when confidered to- 
gether, it appears, that the Paper Money ftolen, was the Remainder of 
a large Sum bundled up in February — that the Money ftolen was bun- 
dled up twenty Bills in a Bundle, and thofe Bundles were Bills of a 
Sort — that the Treafurer ufually cuts the Bills from the Sheets — that 
he bundles them when fo cut 20 Bills in a Bundle — and that he puts 
the Money fo bundled in the Cheft — and that this was fo pit in. — 
It alfo appears, that all the Money that was cut was bundled up, from 
whence your Committee infer, that the Money which was ftolen was 
bundled up, and not Money in Sheets. 

Your Committee alfo think it may be fairly inferred, from the Trea- 
furer's Oath, that he kept no Money in Sheets in the Iron Cheft. — He 
fays, that he keeps the publick Money in Sheets, as delivered to him 
by the Signers ; that from thefe Sheets, he ufually cut the Bills — when 
cut, bundled them — when bundled, " for greater Security," put them 
in the Iron Cheft— and that the Money ftolen was fo put in. 

The Treafurer, in his Oath, does not fay that he bundles up 20 Bills 
of one Denomination — his Clerk exprefsly fays fo, and Reafon points 
out the Explanation fo made, by Campbell^ to be tru?. Conned thefe 

together, 



i4tb G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 107 

tf =— — _ _ , — 

together, and but for a Moment confider if the Moue^ fhewn by Ford 
to Reynolds in Sheets was Part of the Money ftolen — thofe were Bills 
of a different Denomination — Surely this cannot be Part of the Money 
ftolen, becaufe it does not anfwer the Defcription given of it by the 
Treafurer and Clerk, who muft have known better than any Body elfe 
how the Money was kept. 

Your Committee having not only given fome few Reafons why they 
think the Bills in the Iron Cheft, in July 1768, were tied up 10 fingle 
Bills of one Sort in a Bundle, and having inferted Part of the Depou- 
tions of the Treafurer and Campbell his Clerk, think it unneceffary to 
fay any Thing further to prove that the Argument fo much relied on, 
and in the Mouths of almoft every one of the Treafurer's Friends, as a 
ftrong Proof that Ford robbed the Treafury, is deftroyed by the Oaths 
of the Treafurer and his Clerk. 

His Excellency proceeds to mention " they might have been cut in- 
" to 2 or 4 Bills, for fl.'/^y^/ that appears to the contrary." — Here again 
we have the Misfortune not to be of the fame Opinion. We humbly 
conceive aught does appear to the contrary, to ivit, what his Excellen- 
cy is pleafed himfelf to mention " the general Tenor of the Eaftern Trea- 
" furer's Oath," which naturally leads one to think " that all the Paper 
" Money depoiited there, was cut from the Sheets into fingle Bills." 

Campbell, in his Oath, fays " that he believes the faid Money" (the 
Money in the Cheft at the Time of the counting) was all counted but not 
all cut. — His Excellency is of Opinion that " this e%>idently proves that 
" fome uncut Money was kept in the Iron Cheft." Here again we can- 
not be of Opinion with His Excellency, becaufe we apprehend Mr. Camp- 
beWs Belief no evident Proof, when the Treafurer fays it was all 
cut and bundled, and from the general Tenor of the Treafurer's Oath, 
this Inference may be fairly drawn. 

His Excellency is alfo pleafed to think " that it is not improbable like- 
" wife that fome of that which was cut might have two or four Bills left 
" together." And here again your Committee cannot help thinking it to 
be improbable, for the Reafon before mentioned, which is, the general 
Tenor of the Treafurer's Oath (who knew beft what was in the Cheft) 
leads naturally to conclude they were bundled in fingle Bills. 

What confirms your Committee in this Opinion, that the Bills ftolen 
from the Treafury were cut out of Sheets into fingle Bills, is, 

That when the Treafurer was examined before the Houfe in 1770, he 
declared this to be fo. 

The next Matters which occur are fome Extrads made from the Con- 
feflions of Dr. Budd and Samuel Haines, by which it is faid " the 
" Robbery of the Treafury are ftrongly implied." 

Thefe Implications are faid to arife becaufe " thofe very Bills of 12 
" and i^ Shillings," paffed hy Haines and King to Bott and Hedden, were 
fent by them to Ifaac Ogden, from him to Mr. Skinner, and by him laid 
before the Governor and Council, who adjudged xhenx good Bills, tho' 
they were received as counterfeit. — And " what too I imagine muft have 
" contributed to deceive them, was his having (as there is Reafon to be- 
" lieve) among the Treafury Bills, fome of thofe fgned by only two 

'' Signers^ 



io8 VOTES, &c. o/' f^f General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



" Signers, and his letting them fee him fign thofe with the Name. 
" which was wanting — from Bmts Ford dropped, or, to ufe Bjidd's 
" own Words, from what Ford told him, and from the Newnefs 
" and Goodnefs of the Bills, he had Reafons for fuppofing the Mo- 
" ney he received of Ford, foon after he came from Neiv-Tork, to be 
" Treafury Money." 

Here your Committee think it proper to obferve that they have not 
been able to difcover the ftrong Implications mentioned, becaufe, 
- I. The Suppofition that there is Reafon to believe, that there were 
Bills amongft; the Treafury Money, only figned by two Signers, is a Sup- 
pofition without the leafl Foundation to fupport it, for the Treafurer, ia 
his Oath, declares they wcvq figned by " Richard Smith, johijlon and 
" hi7nfelfr 

And what induces your Committee to believe this fully, is, that fome 
of the Members of the late AfFembly well recoiled, that it gave them 
fome Surprize, to hear the Treafurer, on his Examination before the 
Houfe, confirm his Depofition as to the Bills being all figned ; well 
knowing the Cuftom to be, for the Treafurer to fign the Money when 
occafionally wanted, and to keep it in general unfigned, as a Security 
to thePublick in cafe of a Robbery; and that he was alked, how fo con- 
fj^erable a Sum came to be all figned ? to which he anfwered, he had 
drawn the Money .for the Service, and thought he ought to do it, 
or Words to that Effect. 

Ford's having new Money is alfo a very equivocal Sign of his hav- 
ing had any Concern in the Robbery. — The Bond to Reynolds is a Sign 
that he had the Command of Money (and, from Reynolds^ Confeflion, 
it confifted of new Money and old Money alfo) fo as to let it out to In- 
tereft ; both which might be good. 

It alfo appears from hence that the 12 and 15 Shilling "Q^Ws, which. 
Cmper faw him fign in 177 1, muft have been Counterfeits; and if 
they were of the lame Kind of thofe 12 and 15 Shilling Bills pafled 
by Budd or Haines to Bott or Hedden, it gives ftrong Sufpicion to be- 
lieve what your Committee have before obferved, that it is not impro- 
bable but that Ford may have counterfeited the Jerfey Money in fuch a 
Manner as that the Difcovery ftill remains to be made. 

If Biidd's Anfwers to the Queries be true, he fays Ford told him 
he had counterfeited Three Found, Thirty Shilling, and Fifteen Shil- 
ling, Jerfcy Bills, before he went to England ; which further confirms 
the foregoing Obfervation : For when he had once acknowledged his 
having been guilty of Counterfeiting, your Committee cannot fee the 
Reafon he had for deceiving Biidd, as to the Denominations. Any Sup- 
pofal here, and in many other Places, that any Adion was for this or 
the other Purpofe, is not Reafoning — From Conjedlure, no Argument, 
that ftrongly implies any Thing, can be drawn. 

After having mentioned Budd and Haines's Confellions " which are in . 
" general fuppofed to be given fincerely and truly," and perhaps volun- 
tarily, the Governor is pleafed to mention, 

" That though it does not appear that Ford ever counterfeited the 
*' £. 3 Bills of New-Jerfey, yet he let Cooper have One Hundred Bills 

* « of 



14th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 109 



" of that Denomination, at one Time," and goes on to obferve on a 
Circumftance arifing,y?«c^ his Speech to the Houfe, mentioning that the 
Robbery had then come to Light, from an Extrad from the Hibeniia 
Company Books. — " By this Abflrad it appears that Benjamin Cooper, 
*' in Auguji i-j-ji (which /^roZ'^Z'/r was immediately after he received 
" the £. 300 from Ford) charges the faid Company Calli to himfelf 
" £' ^9S 14 — and that in the Expenditure of the Cafh, a Number of 
*' People are made Debtors to Cafli in fundry Sums, amounting to 
'^ £. 162 11; and it is obfervable that moft of thefe Payments are in 
** fuch Sums as are exadlly the Amount of one, two or more Bills of 
" £' 3 Proc." — From thence His Excellency is pleafed to conclude that 
it is highly probable thefe Payments were made in Bills of Three 
Pounds — And, that the Houfe may be Judges of this Probability, 
the Account is laid before them. 

Your Committee confefs they are greatly at a Lofs to anfwer Argu- 
ments of this Nature, depending on thefe highly probable Circumftan- 
ces — But there appears a few Miftakes ; 

1. It appears that Ford did counterfeit Neiv-Jerfey Three Pound Bills 
before he went to England, as clearly, by Budd's Confeffion, as that 
Cooper had the Three Hundred Pounds by Coopers Confeffion. 

2. By the Account fent by Hough it appears that Cooper charges Cafh 
to himfelf at two different Times, to make up this £. 195 14, and that 
there are 1 7 Days between thofe Times. — His firfl Charge is dated Au- 
guji the ift, ioT £. 90 — the fecond Auguji 18, for ^. 105- 14; fo thac 
the Expreffions " that this probably was immediately after he received 
*' thc;^. 300," are rather too ftrong. 

3. To reafon from Conjedures is, in Effedl, to do Nothing. — Why 
may it not be faid, with equal Propriety, to be highly probable that 
Cbo^<?r received this ^. 195 14 at two different Times, as well as cre- 
dit himfelf fo. 

4. The Argument from the Abftradl is, that becaufe Ben. Cooper 
charges Calli to himfelf, in Auguji 1771 — £. 195 14 — that it is pro- 
bable this was immediately after he received the/^. 300 oi Ford. — From 
this Probability another is raifed, that becaufe fome of the Payments 
were in fach Sums as might be made in £. 3 Bills, it was highly pro- 
bable they were paid in Bills of that Denomination * ; and yet a third 
Probability is neceffary to account for the Whole ; for one of the Arti- 
cles of Calli charged to Cooper £. 1 05 14 could not be paid in £. 3 Bills — 

a Mode of Argument that you may ufe to draw any Inference. 

5. The fame Inference as to the Expenditure of the Cafh may be 
drawn to render it highly probable they were paid in Bills oi£.i 10 
— but a fbonger Inference may be made to prove they were paid in 
Bills of if.dd. for more Sums mentioned in the Account can be paid 
in the laft than in £. 3 Bills. 

Your Committee have beftowed too long Time on this, and proceed 
to obferve that the 9th Reafon, mentioning that Ford counterfeited 
only 3 and 6 Shilling Bills before he went to England, hath been al- 
ready anfwered and fhewn, (if Dependence can be put on the Confef- 

D d fions) 

* Why could not thefe Payments hays been made in Half- Joe's or Penn/ylvania Currency ? 



iio VOTES, &c. o/" ^^f General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



fions) to be otherwlfe ; but your Committee do not apprehend it appears 
that he f Ford J did not counterfeit Bills from that Time until Aiignjl 
1772, becaufe at moft your Committee (if they " remember right") 
think the Matters produced amount to no more, if true, than that they 
did not know he did, which by no Means proves a Fad, unlefs it had 
appeared that the Perfons who did not know thefe Things, had all the 
Opportunities of Knowledge neceflary to draw the Inference, 

The loth Argument is founded in Part on Conjecture, and in Part 
on a Fafl that appears otherwife ; for it appears to your Committee to 
be as probable (if not proved) that he did attempt the higher Denomi- 
nations of Jerfey Bills before he went, as after he returned from England. 

Budd indeed fays, that Ford told him fo. Here again a Probability is 
introduced to contradidl this Fadl, that Ford, before he went to Eng- 
land, counterfeited ^. 3 Bills ; becaufe the ^. 3 Bills (as your Com- 
mittee fuppofe) paid to Cooper, might be accounted for. The Miftake 
is only applied to the (tof. Bills. But if Ford gave Budd a true Ac- 
count as to the 307^ could he have probably been miftaken as to the 
other ; and what Reafon can be given why he fhould deceive Budd as 
to the 60/ any more than the 30/ ? 

Another Obfervation is neceflary, that where a Fad mentioned po- 
fitively hinders an Inference in Favour of a particular Point, a Mif- 
take is fuppofed ; (this is the fecond Inftance) but where a Fadl favours 
a defirable Conclufion, it is true and depended on — Againft this Rea- 
foning your Committee need not fay any Thing. 

The eleventh Argument, raifed from Ford's low Circumflances on 
his leaving York — his following no Bufinefs to get Money lawfully — 
and it being manifeji, from the Evidence, he could not get much before 
his Return from -E«^/rtH<^, and his having fuch Sums before he went — are 
Arguments that do not render it highly probable that he had a Share 
of the Treafury Money. The fame Inference may be drawn to prove 
that he was concerned in the Robberies committed in Philadelphia or 
New-Tork, for two Years before his fo going to England. — Indeed if 
any Dependence can be put on Reynolds's Narrative, Ford did not care 
to let People know he had Money, when he put it out to Intereft ; fo 
that what he had could not be well afcertained. 

To the Calculation of what Ford or his Miftrefs might fpend, or what 
it v,ofts in Coach-Hire to get from Binjiingham to Brijlol, your Com- 
mittee think it proper to fay but little— The Calculation may be jufl 
for ajtght they know ; but of this they confefs themfelves to be but in- 
different Judges, having never had the Experience how chargeable thcfe 
Matters are. 

Two Affidavits taken fmce the Seflion of Affembly from Cor ry ell and 
M ^Donald prove but little. — A Man of Richard/on s Charader mufl 
have had many Ways to get Money which are unknown to others. — ^It 
is hardly probable Richard/on would have been counting the Money in 
CorryeWs Prefence, taken from the Treafury in Jerfey, fo foon after the 
Robbery ; befides this Argument equally applies to other Robberies. 

Your Committee having thus gone through the Anfwer of the 29th 
Inftant, beg Leave to make a few general Remarks : 

I. They 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor, hi 



1 . They really believe His Excellency to have " taken much Pains," 
not only in feleding the Paffages on which he grounds his Sentiments, 
butalfo in eftabli{hing the Credibility, as well as in the Difcovery, of the 
Miftakes committed in the feveral Confefllons and Depofitions. 

2. They alfo think great Pains hath been taken in procuring thefe 
Documents, as well as in the Prefervation of every minute Paper, inti- 
mating even a Sufplcion on the Subjecl. 

3. Your Committee, notwithflanding all thefe Things, cannot fay 
that they have brought the Affair of the Robbery of the Treafury to 
Light. Whether they induce a Sufpicion of Ford or Richard/on^ or any 
other, having committed this atrocious Fa6l, they fubmit to the Houfe. 

4. No Perfon but Cooper fpeaks pofitively, that Ford was concerned in 
this Robbery. Whether the Arguments ufed to induce him to this Con- 
feffion, render his Account credible, they alfo fubmit. 

5. That it is poffible your Committee may have mifreprefented or 
miftaken fome Facts ; but they do affure the Houfe, if that fliould be 
the Cafe, they have not done it willingly. 

6. Admitting the Money to have been ftolen, your Committee look 
on the Treafurer to be liable to the Payment of it at Law ; for which 
Reafon they fubmit it to the Houfe, v.hether it is neceffary to go into 
the further Inquiry thereof ? 

With Refpect to the prefent Situation of the Treafury : 
The Treafurers, as your Committee have been informed, have entered 
into Bonds, which your Committee think ought to be laid before the 
Houfe, by which they will be enabled to judge of the prefent Situa- 
tion thereof. 

Your Committee know of no Method, to bring the Affair of the Rob- 
bery of the Treafury to a Settlement, fo eligible as that propofed by the 
Houfe at the laft Seflions. 

It is in vain to propofe Methods of effeding this Purpofe, and have 
them rejected. But as this Matter hath refted for upwards of five 
Years unfettled, which gives real Uneafinefs to the Colony, your Com- 
mittee fliould have been glad to have found that His Excellency had 
difcovered aMode for effectuating the Settlement of this important Point, 
and mentioned it to the Houfe in his Speech, as well as intimated that 
the Robbery had been brought to Light. 

Your Committee think it highly proper for the Affembly to addrefs 
the Governor on this Subjeift, requefling the Removal of the Treafurer 
from his Office, and to inflitute a Suit againft him for the Money faid 
to have been ftolen. 

Your Committee apprehend his Removal, previous to fuch Suit, to 
be neceffary. They cannot fee with what Propriety one can be brought 
for the Sum fo faid to be loft, and which he contends that he is not li- 
able to the Payment of, until what he admits to be in his Hands, be- 
longing to the Province, is removed where the People have more Con- 
fidence to place it. It feems to your Committee abfurd to fue a Per- 
fon for a Sum of Money who, in cafe of a Recovery on that Suit, is 
the Perfon, by Virtue of his Office, entitled to receive the Sum fo 
recovered. 

His 



112 VOTESf Sec. of the GEt^EKAL Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



His Excellency hath, no Doubt, beftowed fome Thoughts on this 
Subje<5l, and perhaps may be prepared to point out to the Houfe fome 
Mode of Proceeding. 

Your Committee cannot help obferving, that tho' this Affair of the 
Robbery of the Treafury happened above five Years ago, no one 
Branch of the Legiflature, except the Aflembly (as your Committee re- 
coiled) have ever pointed out one Method to fettle the Difpute, and 
thereby re-eftablifh the Peace of the Province. 

All which is fubmitted to the Houfe. 

John Wetherill, 
Samuel Tucker, 
Robert Friend Price, 
Richard Lawrence, 
John Sheppard, 
John Hinchman, 
James Kinsey. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 
On Motion made, 

Re/ohed, 
That it is the Opinion of this Houfe, that the Affair of the Rob- 
bery of the Eaftern Treafury, mentioned in His Excellency's Speech, 
has not yet been brought to Light : 

Yeas. Yeas. ' Yeas. , Nays. 

Mr. Combs, Mr. Windsy Mr. Holme, Mr. Garrit/e, 

Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Ha?id, Mr. Fijher, 

Mr. Moores, Mr. Hewlings, Mr. Eldridge, Mr. Roy, 

Mr. Taylor, Mr. Pax/on, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Defiiare/l, 

Mr. Lawrence^ Mr. Sykes, Mr. Mehelm, Mr. Pettit. 

Mr. Crane, Mr. Hinchman, Mr. Sheppard, 

Mr. Dey, Mr. Price, Mr. Ehner, 

Col. Ford, Mr. Gibbon, Mr. Van Home. 

According to Order, the Houfe again refolved itfelf into a Commit- 
tee of the whole Houfe on His Excellency's Speech ; and, after fome Time 
fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fijher, Chair- 
man of the Committee, reported that the Committee had gone through 
the Governor's Speech, and had come to one Refolution, which he 
was ready to report whenever the Houfe will pleafe to receive the 
fame ; and that the Committee defired Leave to fit again upon the 
other Matters to them referred ; 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately, and that the faid Committee 
do fit again : 

Whereupon Mr. Fijher reported the faid Refolution as follows, viz. 
Refolved, 

That this Houfe will grant a Supply for the Troops quartered in the 
Barracks of this Colony. 

On 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 113 



On the Queftion, Whether the Houfe agrees to the faid Refolu- 
tion of the Committee, or not ? It was carried in the Affirmative, as 
follows, viz. 



Yeas. 


Yeas. 


Yeas. 


Nays. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Dey, 


Mr. Gibbon, 


Mr. T'a^^/or, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. Demarejl, 


Mr. //o/;Kf, 


Mr. Lawrence, 


Mr. Moores, 


Col. Ford, 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Hinchr?ian, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. Eldridge, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. Mehelm, 


Mr. Sheppard. 


Mr. Fijher, 


Mr. Hewlings, 


Mr. Elmer, 




Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Pr/Vt-, 


Mr. Van Home, 





Mr. Pf///V. 

That Mr. i^;y7;)^r, Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Cr^w^, Mr. /TiM/o' and Mr. Gi^ 
^<j«, be a Committee to prepare and bring in the Draught of an 
Addrefs to His Excellency. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Hinchman, Mr. Mehelm and Mr, Sheppard, be a Committee 
to prepare and bring in a Bill to make it Felony to counterfeit the Sil- 
ver and Gold Coins of foreign Countries current in this Colony, or 
uttering the fame, knowing them to be counterfeit. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Dey, Mr. Combs, Mr. Lawrence, Mr. Tticker and Mr. Tay- 
lor be a Committee to prepare and bring in a Bill for Support of 
Government. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Price, Mr. Holme, Mr. Moores, Mr. Roy, Mr. Pettit, and 
Mr. Elmer, be a Committee to prepare and bring in a Bill for the Sup- 
ply of the Troops, quartered in the Barracks of this Colony, and for 
other Incidental Charges. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning, Ten o'Clock. 
Monday, December 20, 1773. 



^ 



The Houfe met. 

The EngrolTed Bill, entitled, A fupplementary Adl to an AEl, entitled^ 
An Acl for the more effe£iual Difcovery and P-uniJJjment of the Crime of 
Horfe-Stealing, was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolnjed, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Price and Mr. Holme do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 
Mr. Price reported, that Mr. Holme and Himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

E e Mr. Sykes 



J 14 VOTES, 8cc. o/" //?£• General Assembly o/* New-Jersey. 

Mr. Sykes reported, that Mr. Pettii and Himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intruded to the Speaker in Council. 

The two Memorials from the Eaftern Treafurer were read the fecond 
Time ; 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Hinchman and Mr. Sheppard, be 
a Committee to prepare and bring in the Draught of a MelTage to His 
/ Excellency upon the Subjed Matter of the Report of this Houfe of the 
I yth Inftant, fo far as the fame relates to the Removal of the Eaftern 
Treafurer, and the Suit mentioned in the faid Report, and that the 
two Memorials of the Eaftern Treafurer be referred to the faid 
Committee. 
Ordered, 
Tliat no Memorials, or Petitions, be hereafter entered at large upon 
the Minutes of this Houfe without the Order of the Houfe. 

The Petition from the Executors of Col. Schuyler, was read the fe- 
cond Time ; and Mr. IfaacOgden and the Honorable John Stevens, Efq. 
wei-e heard before the Houfe upon the fubjed Matter of the fame ; 
Orde7'ed, 

That the Confideration thereof be referred till To-morrow Morning', 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Tit ef day, December 21, 177^. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Hinchman, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, An 
A€i for the fnore equitable Manumij/ion of Slaves, and other Purpofes cont 
cerning them, was committed, reported the fame with fundry Amend- 
ments ; the Bill was read with the Amendments in their Places ; 
Ordered, 

That the Bill be re-committed to the fame Committee, and that Mr. 
Combs and Mr. Kinfey be added to the faid Committee. 

Mr. T)ey, from the Committee appointed for the Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled. An h^ifor the Support of Government of His Majefy''s 
Colony of New-Jerfey, to commence thefrjl Day of Odlober One Thou/and 
Seven Hundred and Seventy-three, and to end thefrjl Day of 0&.ohcv One 
ThouJ'and Seven Hundred and Seventy-four, and to difcharge the puhlick 
Debts and contingent Charges thereof ; which veas read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

According to Order, the Houfe refumed the Confideration of the Pe- 
tition fi'om the Executors of Col. Schuyler ; and after fome Time fpent 
therein, 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fijl^er, Mr, Wetherill, Mi-. Paxfon, Mr. Tucker and Mr. 
Gibbon, be a Committee to infpedl the Journals of this Houfe, and ftate 
to the Houfe the feveral Accounts and Reports relative to the late Col. 
Peter Schuyler. 

Mr. 



i^ih G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 115 



Mr. M^etherill, from the Committee appointed to that Service, brought 
in a Report upon the two Memorials of the Eaflern Treafurer ; and 
upon the Queftion, whether the faid Report be received and entered 
vpon the Minutes of the Houfe or not ? It pafled in the AiErmative as 
follov?s, viz. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Weiberill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Dev, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Kin/ey, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Pax/on, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Mehelm, 

Mr. Sheppard, 

Mr. Elmer, 

Mr. Van Home. 



Nays. 

Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Demareji, 
Co\. Ford, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. G/i^^o«, 
Mr. Pf//-//. 



That the faid Report be entered accordingly, and the fame is as 
follows, viz. 

IN Purfuance of the Order of the Houfe, the Committee have taken 
into their Confideration the two Memorials of the Eailern Treafurer, 
on which they beg Leave to Report 

That before any Trial can be had with Propriety, your Committee 
apprehend the Treafurer ought to be removed from his OiEce. 

If the Treafurer is really defirous of fuch Trial, your Committee 
think he ought to convince the Houfe, by his Refignation, of fuch his 
Intentions ; for it appears abfurd to enter into a Difpute about the Sum 
faid to have been ftolen, before the Relidue, which the Treafurer admits 
to be due to the Province, is put in other Hands. 

If fuch Trial was had, and a Judgment obtained againft the Trea- 
furer, an Execution cannot be ilTued to fecure the Monies until fuch 
Refignation ; and they do not apprehend that the Publick {hould bring 
fuch Suit and confide in the Promife he is pleafed to make, to refign on 
Condition a Verdidt fhould be had againft him. 

This Committee apprehend the Memorials ought not to be complied 
with. The Houfe can dire<^ no Suit at Law that will anfwer any 
good Purpofe, without a previous Refignation ; if that be done, they 
ought to endeavour to have a Suit brought immediately. 

The Committee are of Opinion, that, fo far from prejudicing the 
Eaftern Treafurer on his Trial, his Refignation would have the greateft 
Tendency to remove any Prejudices which the People may have already 
imbibed, as it would fhew a Difpofition in the Treafurer really to give 
the People of the Colony an Opportunity to obtain a Trial on Terms, 
which may, confiftent with the publick Welfare, be complied with. 

Mr. Wetherill alfo reported the Draught of a Mefifage to His Excellen- 
cy ; and upon the Queftion, whether the fame be received and fent 
accordingly ? It paflTed in the Affirmative as follows. 



VIZ. 



Yeas 



ii6 VOTES, &c. o/' ^/jf General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wctherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Tiiy/or, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Dt'v, 
Mr. W7Wj, 

Ordered, 



Yeas. 

Mr. A"/«/£7, 
Mr. Pax/on, 
Mr. S/tw, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Pr/Ve, 
Mr. Ho//«i?, 
Mr. Hfl«^, 



Yeas. 

Mr, Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehclm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. £/wer, 
Mr. r«n Home. 



Nays. 

Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. f//5b^r, 
Mr. iic;/, 
Mr. Demareji, 
Col. /or^, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. G/Z-i^ow, 
Mr. ?£■«/•/. 



'"T^HAT Mr. Mehehn and Mr. Taylor do wait on His Excellency, and 
-■' inform him, That the Houfe look on the Robbery of the Treafury to 
be of fo much Confequence to the Colony, that confiftent with the Trufl 
repofed in them, they cannot remain filent. The Houfe conceive pub- 
lick Utility may render it necefTary that a Perfon fhould be removed 
from an Office, and yet that Removal cannot be deemed a Punifh- 
ment. If a Perfon in Office fhould appear to be incapable of performing 
the Duties of it, in order to prevent any publick Detriment, a Re- 
moval fliould take place, and with equal Reafon this Remedy ought to 
be applied where there appears to have been a Negledl in keeping the 
publick Money. 

The Houfe know of no Adion, in which the Negligence of the Eaf- 
tern Treafurer can be brought in Queftion, but they requeft His 
Excellency would be pleafed to look into the Affidavits laid before the 
Houfe in 1770, and they apprehend fome Inftances of Negligence will 
appear. 

In order to reflore that Harmony, which ought to fubfift between, 
the feveral Branches of the Legiflature, and to quiet the general Uneafi- 
nefs of the Colony, the Houfe renew their Requeft, that His Excellency 
would be pleafed to remove the Treafurer from his Office, in order that 
a Suit may be inftituted againft him for the Recovery of the Money. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Mehehn reported, That Mr. Taylor and Himfelf delivered the 
Meffiige of this Morning to His Excellency, who was pleafed to fay, 
that he would take the fame into Confideration. 

The Bill, entitled. An Adl to enable the Oivners and PoJJeJfors of Landsy 
Meadoivs, Snvamps and MarJJoes 07i both Sides of AfTunpink Brook, from 
the Province Line to the Lands o/" John Ely, to clear the ObJiruBions to the 
free Paffage of the M^aters of the faid Brook, and for other Purpofes therein 
mentioned, was read the lecond Time, and committed to Mr. Kinfey^ 
Mr. Combs, Mr. Laivrence and Mr. Taylor. 

The Bill, entitled, An A&. to regulate the Packing of Beef and Pork^ 
ayid to afcertain the Size of Cajh, was read the fecond Time, and com- 
mitted to Mr. Sheppard, Mr. Laivrence and Mr. Tucker. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'CIock To-morrow Morning. 



L 



Wednefday^ 



J4th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 117 



Wednefday^ December 22, 1773. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Speaker having, at the Beginning of this SefBon, laid before the 
Houfe fundry Letters from the Speakers of the feveral Houies of Re- 
prefentatives of the Colonies of Virginia, Majfachufetts Bay, Connecticut^ 
Rhode- IJland, and the Lower Counties on Delaware , inclofing Refolves 
of their feveral AfFemblies, refpeding the common Rights of the Colo- 
nies ; the fame were now read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That the Confideration thereof be deferred. 

Mr. Fijher, from the Committee appointed to examine the late Col. 
Peter Schuyler s Accounts, reported, 

That they have examined the Journals of the Houfe, and fome Ori- 
ginal Accounts of the faid Col. Schuyler furniihed to the Committee by 
the Weflern Treafurer, and find in Lib. F. Fol. 336, a Refolucion o£ 
nth Augujl 1758, that the Charge of £. 1333: 9: o^, for which the 
faid Col. Schuyler produced no Vouchers, ought not to be allowed : And 
by an Account fettled in Lib. G. Fol. 67 and 68, find an Account fettled, 
and a Balance due to the Colony oi £. 258: 8 : 11, which is carried 
to another Account in the fame Book, Fol. aoo ; and by a Settlement 
there flated, there appears a Balance due to the Colony of £. 1496: 
14 : 3 over and above £. 200 allowed the faid Col. Schuyler for his 
Expences, for which he produced no Vouchers ; which correfponding 
•with the Accounts laid before the Committee by the Treafurer, your 
Committee are of Opinion, that the faid Balance of £. 1496 : 14: 3 
remains due to the Colony, as ftated in the Journals of the Houfe, ia 
Lib. G. Folio 400. All which is fubmitted to the Houfe. 

The Houfe, taking the faid Report, and the Petition of the Executors 
of Col. Schuyler into Confideration, agreed to the faid Report ; and on 
the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition do lie on the Table. 
Ordered alfo. 

That the Attorney-General and Counfel employed on the Part of the 
Colony, do forthwith proceed in the Suit commenced againft the 
Petitioners. 

The Bill, entitled, An A€i for the Relief of ]zcoh Kemper, an Infohent 
Debtor, was read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 
That the Confideration thereof be deferred. 

Mr. Fifher, from the Committee appointed for the Purpofe, brought 
in the Draught of an Addrefs to His Excellency ; which was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

F f Mr. 



ii8 VOTES, &c. o/" /^e- General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Mr. Hinchman, from the Committee appointed for the Purpofe, 
brought in a Bill, entitled, An Adl to make it Felony to counterfeit foreign 
Gold and Silver Coin, and for other Purpofes therein mentioned ; which 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Ordered, 

That Mr. Fifher and Mr. Crane do wait on His Excellency, and de- 
fire His Excellency will be pleafed to grant the Honfe a Recefs. 

Col. Ford, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, An Adl 
to enable fiindrY Perfons, Proprietors of certain Lands and Meadows lying 
upon the Walkill, in the County o/'Suflex, commonly called and knoivn by 
the Najne of the Drowned Lands, to drain the fame, and for other Pur- 
pofes therein mentioned, was committed, reported the fame with feveral 
Amendments thereto ; the faid Bill was read with the Amendments in 
their Places, and the Bill as amended was agreed to by the Houfe, and 
ordered to be engrolTed. 

Mr. Fi/lyer reported, that Mr. Crane and Himfelf delivered the Mef- 
fage of the Houfe to His Excellency. 

A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

Gentlemen, 

HI S Excellency has no Objedlion to your adjourning yourfelves 
to Thurfday the Third Day of February next. 
Mr. Speaker then adjourned the Houfe to Thurfday the Third Day 
of February next, Nine o'clock in the Morning. 

Thurfday, February 3, 1774' 

The Houfe met purfuant to Adjournment, and for Want of a fuffi- 
cient Number of Members to proceed upon Bufinefs, adjourned till 
Nine o'clock To-morrow Morning. 

Friday, February 4, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 
Mr. Fijher, from the Committee on the Road Bill, brought in a Bill, 
entitled. An K€t to impower the Inhabitants of the TonjunJIiips of Elfinbo- 
rough, Pilefgrove and Pittfgrove, in the County of Salem, to repair their 
public k Highways by Hire, and to raife Money for that Purpofe ; which 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

- The Petition from fundry Freeholders and Inhabitants of the County 
pf Burlington, praying a Continuance of the A61 for railing a Fund 
jfor defraying Damages done by Dogs, in the Counties of Somerfet, 
Hunterdon, Burlington and Gloucejler, was read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 
That the fame be referred to the next Seflion of General AfTembly. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. The 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 1x9 



The Houfe met. 
The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Adl to enable fundry Perfons, Pro- 
prietors and Pojfejfors of certain Lands and Meadoivs lying upon the Wal- 
kill in the County o/'Suflex, commonly called and knoivn by the Name of 
the Drowned Lands, to drain the fame^ and for other Purpofes therein 
mentioned, was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Demarejl and Mr. Van Hoi-ne do carry the fame to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, Anh&.for the Settlement and Relief of 
the Poor, was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refol'ued, 
That the fame do pafs. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. FiJJoer, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Demarejl, 



Yeas. 

Ford, 
Winds, 
Paxfon, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge, 



-Col 
Mr. 
Mr. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Van Home. 



Nays. 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Price. 



Ordered^ 
That Mr. Roy and Mr. Sykes do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

Four Petitions were prefented to the Houfe from the County oiUorris^ 
praying, that all Money out at Intereft in this Colony may be tax- 
ed ; which were read, and ordered to be read a fecond Time. 
The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Saturday, February 5, 1774. 



N 



The Houfe met. 

Mr. Demarejl reported, that Mr. Van Home and Himfelf delivered 
the Bill with them intrufted to Mr. Smith, one of the Gentlemen of 
the Council, the Council not then fitting. 

Mr. Roy reported, that Mr. Sykes and Himfelf dehvered the Bill with 
them intrufted to Mr. Smith, one of the Gentlemen of the Council, the 
Council not then fitting. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from the County of Salem, 
figned by 256 Freeholders and Inhabitants ; another was prefented 
from E-vefJjam, in the County of Burlington, figned by 92 ; a Third 
from Northampton, in the fame County, figned by 33 ; a Fourth trom 
Wellingborough, in the fame County, figned by 36 5 a Fifth from Water- 



I.O rOrM&C../,foGENEa.. ASSEMB.V ./NEW.J.K 



SEY. 



Eggharbour, '^ t\.^ f^mc CoJ^^n^^^ro' ^ Seventh from Gr,./. 
the Reafons in the fame contained he Efftet^r'^^^^^ '^l'' '^^ 
moved from his Office or that no S„nor ^reafurer may be re- 

tern Treafury till tha^is efftdeS aSa^,Tl^,^^^^^^ 
the Treafurers to give Security fir the fafe K^n ^ ?'^t '^ ""^^'^^ 
Money, which Petitions were^ead/a^n^d^L^rgelf/^l^ 

fo4'trthTpe?Stf^^^ ^^^^/-^. letting 

Larceny, and is detained in the GaTf '« ^f P^nifhed for Grand 
due to the Attorney-General and.; ^iBurhngton County for Fees 
and praying to be^iXrtd W t'°''^^^^^^^ 
and oVred a fecond Sng ^^"^ ^^P^^^^^^ent ; which was read,' 

^0 repazr their puM:fk^^t^^^^^^^ '"^ '\County ./Salem, 

Purpofe, was Vead thf IcS tIp '' ''"/ '" '^^' ^''"^-^ > ''^'^^ 
engroffed. """^ ^'°''' ^S^^^^ ^o. and ordered to be 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Nine o'Clock. 



Monday, February 

The Houfe met. 



774- 



That the fame do pafs. 
Ordered, 

Jc„"c';?;;ef e'"' '"' ""'• ^'"'''- "o ""^ •'■^ <■-<! Bill to the Council 

Aejolved^ ^ . ' 

That the lame do pafs. 

Yeas. 
Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr Garritje, 
Mr. iv/i?-^r, 
Mr. i?o;,, 
Mr. Demarejl^ 
Col. /e/'fl', 



Yeas. 
Mr. fr;>2afj, 
Mr. Paxfon, 
Mr. ifo«^, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. 7"Kc;tfr, 
Mr. Mf/6f/OT, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Van Home. 



Nays. 

Mr. WetheriU, 
Mr. %/or, 
Mr. 5>;ffx, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Pr/ff, 
Mr. //o/ot^, 
Mr. Sheppard. 



Ordered, 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor, iil 



Ordered^ 
That Mr. Fijher and Mr, Crane do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Four Petitions were prefented to the Houfe from Four Hundred and 
Fifty-two of the principal Freeholders, Magiftrates, and others of the 
County oi Gloticejler^ praying, for fundry Reafons therein fet forth, 
that the Houfe will purfue every legal Meafure to obtain the Remov- 
al of the Eaftern Treafurer, and that no Publick Money may be put 
into his Hands till that is effedled ; the fame were read, and ordered 
to be read a fecond Time. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from feventy-one Freeholders 
and other Inhabitants of the Townfhip oi Northampton, in the County of 
Burlington, praying that the Eaftern Treafurer may be removed from 
his Office, and then a Profecution commenced againft him for the Re- 
covery of the Publick Money faid to be ftolen from the Treafury ; 
and that a Law may pafs to oblige the Treafurers to give undoubted Se- 
curity for the fafe Keeping of the Publick Money ; the Petition was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from feventy-one principal 
Freeholders and Inhabitants of the County of Cape-May, praying that 
the Eaftern Treafurer may be removed from his Office ; and fhould 
His Excellency decline removing him, then the Petitioners pray that 
the Houfe will addrefs the King to remove the faid Treafurer ; the 
fame was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fifty of the Magiftrates 
and principal Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Fairfield Townfhip, 
in the County of Cumberland ; as was another from eighty-one of the 
Magiftrates and principal Freeholders and other Inhabitants of Doivns 
Townfhip, in the County of Cumberland ; both praying that the Houfe 
will take every legal Meafure to obtain the Removal of the Eaftern Trea- 
furer, and till that is done, that no Money may be put in his Hands ; 
the fame were read, and ordered to be read a fecond Time. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 



Tuefday, February 8, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry principal Free- 
holders and Inhabitants of the Townfhip of Deptford, in the County of 
Cloucefier, fetting forth the Importance of preferving Sheep, and that 
great Deftrudtion has been made of them by Dogs, and praying an A<51 
of AfTembly (at leaft for the Townfhip of Deptford) to oblige the 

G g Owners 



122 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of Ne\^-Jersey. 



Owners of Dogs to fecure them from running about at Nights ; the Pe- 
tition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Speaker laid before the Houfe a Letter from the Speaker of the 
Houfe of Delegates of the Province of Maryland, inclofing certain Re- 
folutions of that Houfe of the 15th of O^ober laft, refpeiSling the com- 
mon Rights of the Colonies ; which were read : 

Then the Houfe refumed the Confideration of the fevcral Letters and 
Refolutions of the other Houfes of Affembly, on the Subjed-Matter of 
the common Rights and Liberties of the Colonies ; and the Houfe re- 
folved itfelf into a Committee of the whole Houfe, upon the Matters a- 
forefaid ; and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the 
Chair, and Mr. Crane, Chairman of the Committee, (by Order of the 
Houfe) reported the Refolutions of the Committee, as follow, viz. 

1. Refolved, 

That it is the Opinion of this Committee, that the Houfe fhould 
heartily accept of the Invitation to a mutual Correfpondence and In- 
tercourfe with our Sifter Colonies ; to which the Houfe agreed, Nemi- 
ne Contrad'icente^ 

2. Refohedy 

That it is the Opinion of this Committee, that a Standing Commit- 
tee of Correfpondence and Inquiry be appointed, to confift of the fol- 
lowing Perfons, to tuit, James Kinfey, Stephen Crane, Hendrick Fifher^ 
Samuel Tucker, John Wetherill, Robert Friend Price, John HinchmaUy 
John Mehelm and Edward Taylor, Efquires, or any five of them, whofe 
Bufinefs it fhall be to obtain the moft early and authentick Intelligence 
of all Ads and Refolutions of the Parliament of Great-Britain, or the 
Proceedings of Adminiftration that may have any Relation to, or may 
affe(5l the Liberties and Privileges of His Majefty's Subjects in tlie Bri- 
tifh Colonies in America, and to keep up and maintain a Correfpondence 
and Communication with our Sifter Colonies, refpeding thefe impor- 
tant Confiderations ; and that they do occafionally lay their Proceed- 
ings before the Houfe ; to which the Houfe agreed, Nemine Contra- 
dicente. 

3. Refolved, 

That it is the Opinion of this Committee, that the faid Committee 
of Correfpondence do write Letters to the feveral Speakers of the Af- 
femblies on the Continent of America, inclofing thefe Refolutions, and 
requefting them to lay the fame before their refpedlive AfTemblies ; 
and that they do return the Thanks of the Houfe to the BurgelTes of 
Virginia, for their early Attention to the Liberties oi America ; to which' 
the Houfe agreed, Nemine Contradicetde. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M, 

The Houfe met. 

Two Petitions were prefented to the Houfe from fundry Freeholders 
and other Inhabitants of the City and County of Burlington, praying 
an Ad of AfTembly for the building of a Bridge over Ajjifcunk Creek, 
in the City of Burlington, from the Landing on Broad-Street, near the 

Barracks, 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 123 

Barracks, to the Land of Mr. Arent Schuyler on the pppofite Side, and 
for laying out a Road from thence, as nearly ftraight as may be, into 
York Road, at or nigh the Houfe of Edward Bolton, at the Charge of 
the County of Burlington ; the faid Petitions were read, and ordered 
to be read a fecond Time. 

A Petition was prefented t^ the Houfe from divers Freeholders of 
the Weftern Precin(5l of the County of Somerfet, praying to be reliev-' 
ed from the Burden of maintaining Stony-Brook Bridge, and that no 
Aft may pafs for railing Taxes to pay what remains due on the Bridges 
over Rar'itan ; the fame was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from the County of Salem, ano- 
ther from the County of EJfex, and a third from the County of So- 
merfet, all fetting forth the Mifchiefs arifing from the Toleration of per- 
fonal Slavery, and praying a Prohibition to the Importation of Negro 
Slaves, and a Repeal or Alteration of the Laws reftridling the Manu- 
miflion of them ; the fame were read, and ordered to be read a fe^ 
cond Time. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Sarah Ely, Ifaac De Coiv 
and Da'uid Brearley, jun. fetting forth the accidental Lofs, by Fire, of 
two Title-Deeds for Lands conveyed to Jolm Mullin, deceafed, and pray- 
ing an A6t of Afl'embly to eilablifh the Title in the faid John Mullin; 
the Petition was read, and ordered a I'econd Reading. 

Three Petitions were prefented from Middletont'n, in the Connty of 
Monmouth, ligned by one Hundred and twenty-five principal Freehold- 
ers and other Inhabitants ; one from the County of Cape-May, figned 
by Fifty-five ; and one from the Townlhip of Chejler, in the County 
ot Burlington, figned by Forty — ail praying for the Removal of the 
Eaftern Treafurer ; the fame were read, and ordered to be read a 
iecond Time. 

On Motion jnade, 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Hinchman and Mr. Mehelni, be a Committee to 
prepare and bring in the Draught of a Meflage to His Excellency, re- 
quelHng His Excellency to favour the Houfe with an Anfwer to their 
MefTage of the 2]fl: oi December lall. 

The Bill, entitled. An Aft to alter the Time of holding the Annual 
Tozun-Meetings rwithin this Colony, was read the fecond Time, amended 
in the Houfe, and, on the Queflion, agreed to, and ordered to be 
engroffed. 

The Bill, entitled, An A€t for the more effeHual regulating Carriages 
^f Burden, and others -within this Colony, was read the fecond Time, 
and the Confideration thereof referred to the next Seffion of General 
Aflembly. 

Mr. Wetherill, from the Committee appointed for thatPurpofe, brought 
■in a Bill, entitled. An h^for the more effeclual Prevention of Lotteries, 
■Horferacing, Cockfighting and Shootingmatches ivithin this Colony, and 
to prevent tloe Sale, of Tickets. in Lotteries ere^ed out of the Colony, and 

for 



124 VOTES, &c. o/" /^f General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



for other Purpofa, herein mentioned ; which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

iVIr. FiJIjer reported, that Mr. Crane and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrulled to Mr. Lanvrence^ one of the Gentlemen of the 
Council, the Council not then fitting. 

Mr. Holtne reported, that Mr. £/;»(fr and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with thtm intrulted to Mr. Smithy one of the Gentlemen of the Coun- 
cil, the Council not then fitting. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Wedmjday^ February 9, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled. An Ad to alter the Time ofhoUlng the 
Annual Toivn- Meetings "within this Colony ^ waa read and compared i oa 
the Queltion, 
Rejolved^ 

That the iame do pafs. 
Ordered^ 

That Mr. Co7nbs and Mr. Mehelm do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

The Petirion from the Townrtiip o^ Deptford, in the County of GloU' 
cejler, for the Prelervacion of Sheep, was read the fecond Time j 
Ordered, 

That a Bill be brought in accordingly, by the Members for the 
County of Gloiicefier : 

Whereupon Mr. Price brought in a Bill, entitled, An Adl more 
effe^ually to prevent Dogs from killing Sheep, nvlthin the Toivnjljip of 
Deptford, In the County oj Gloucefter ; which was read, and oidered 
a fecottd Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houle met. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from 58 reputable Freeholders 
and Inhabitants of the Townihip of Chejlerfeld, in the County of Bur- 
llnM,ton, praying for the Removal of the Eailern Treafurer, and then a 
Prolecution to be commenced againft him for the Publick Money iaid 
^ to be Itolen from the Treaiury, and for a Law to oblige the Treafurers 
to give undoubted Security for the fafe Cuftody of the Publick Money ; 
the Petitioji was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from s(> rtfpe6table Freeholders 
and Inhabitants in and about the City of Ne-w-Brunfivlck, fetting 
forth, that thev are informed the AflPair of the Eaftern Tieafurer is not 
yet determined — that the Honourable Houfe had requefted the Gover- 
nor to remove the Trtiafurer previous to a Trial, which the Governor 

did 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 125 



did not think proper to grant, for Reafons fet forth in his MeiTage of the 
23d September 1772 — that they will not determine which is right — chat 
they have fince been informed that the Treafurer by his Memorials has 
declared his Willingnefs to fubmit to a Trial by a Jury of twelve 
Men, and by them ftand or fall — that if this is true, and the Houfe 
think proper to conclude thereon, it would, in their humble Opinion, 
be the moft conftitutional and agreeable to them — And alfo that the Bill, 
now under Confideration of the Houfe, for the more equitable Mamwiiffion 
of Sla-ves^ may not pafs into a Law ; the faid Petition was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Hincht7jan, from the Committee appointed to that Service, 
brought in a Draught of a Meilage to His Excellency ; on the Quefti- 
on, whether the fame be engroffed and fent accordingly I It paiTed in 
the Affirmative : 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Paxfon, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Hohne, 
Mr. Hand, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Van Home. 



Nays. 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Demarejl, 
Col. Ford, 
Mr. Pettit. 



Ordered, 
That the faid MefTage be engrofled and fent accordingly ; and 
fame is as follows, viz. 



the 



Ordered, House ©/"Assembly, Feb (), 1774. 

THAT Mr. Laivrence and Mr. Combs do wait on His Excellency, and 
acquaint him, That on the 21 ft of December laft the Houfe fent 
a MefTage to His Excellency defiring that he would be pleafed to remove 
the Eaftern Treafurer from his Office, and to order a Suit to be inftitut- 
ed againft him for the Recovery of the Money faid to be ftolen. 

As the Houfe look on this Requeft to be a Matter of great Confe- 
quence, they hope His Excellency will ferioufly confider of it, and grant 
what they conceive will greatly tend to quiet the general Uneafineft of 
the Inhabitants, and to reftore that Harmony neceflary to the Welfare 
of the Publick. 

The Houfe are defirous of proceeding upon the Bill for Support of 
Government, and the Supply of the King's Troops, purfuant to their 
Refolutions already entered into — their fubfequent Condudl, in fome 
Meafure, depends on His Excellency's Determination — they again beg 
Leave to mention they have no Confidence in the Eaftern Treafurer, and 
fhould be very forry to be compelled to Meafures that ftiould carry an 
Appearance of infringing any conftitutional Cuftoms of the Province — 
wherefore they beg His Excellency would be pleafed to favour them 
with his fpeedy Anfwer to the above MefTage. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

RICHARD SMITH, Clerk. 



Hh 



A Petition 



126 VOTES, Sac. of the Gk-nekal Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from the Grand-Jury of the 
County of Burlington, praying, that the Houfe will poflpone paffing 
a Law for building a Bridge over Ajjtfcunk Creek, in the City of Bur- 
lington, until it mall appear more necefTary than at prefent ; the faid 
Petition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Laivrence reported, that Mr. Combs and Himfelf delivered the 
MelTage of the Houfe to his Excellency, who was pleafed to fay, he 
had an Anfwer to the former MefTage ready, and waited for a Council 
to lay the fame before them, or Words to that Effedl. 

The Addrefs to his Excellency was read the fecond Time, and com- 
mitted to a Committee of the whole Houfe. 

The Houfe accordingly refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on the Addrefs ; and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker 
refumed the Chair, and Mr. Crane, Chairman of the Committee, report- 
ed, that the Committee had gone through the Addrefs, and had made 
fundry Amendments thereto, which he was ready to report whenever 
the Houfe will pleafe to receive the fame. 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. Crane reported the Addrefs and Amendments, and 
the fame being read, were agreed to by the Houfe, Nem. Con. and or- 
dered to be engroffed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Thurfday, February lo, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from the Grand- Jury, and 
other reputable Freeholders and Inhabitants of the County of Hunter doTij 
to the Number of no, praying for the Removal of the Eaftern Trea- 
furer, and that fome fair and judicious Mode of Trial may be adopt- 
\/ ed to bring him to account for all the Money belonging to the Publick, 
which is or ought to be in his Hands, and that fuch Laws may be 
paflfed as will efFedually fecure the Province from the like Difafler in 
future, by obliging the Treafurers to give fufficient Security for the 
faithful Performance of their refpedli^e Offices j the Petition was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Combs reported, that Mr. Mehelm and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Tucker, from the Committee to Whom the Bill, entitled, An Adl 
to regulate the Packing of Beef and Pork, and to a/certain the Size of Cajks^ 
Was committed, reported the fame with fundry Amendments ; the Bill 
was read with the Amendments in their Places, and the fame being 
further amended in the Houfe, on the Queflion, the Bill as amended 
was agreed to, and ordered to be engrofled. 

The Engrofled Addrefs to His Excellency was read and compared ; 

Ordered^ 



i4ib G. m. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 127 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Roy and Mr. Van Home do wait on his Excellency and 
defire to know when his Excellency will be waited on by the Houfe with 
their Addrefs. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Roy reported, that Mr, Fan Home and himfelf delivered the Met- 
fage of this Morning to his Excellency, who was pleafed to fay, that he 
would let the Houfe know. 

Ordered, 
That Col. Ford, Mr. Sykes and Mr. Winds, be added to the Committee 
on the Bill for fuppreffing the clandeftine killing of Cattle. 

A Memorial was prefented to the Houfe from the Honourable Samuel 
Smith, Efiq. Treafurer of the Weftern Divifion, informing the Houfe 
that the Memorialift hath now exchanged into the current Bills of Cre- 
dit of this Colony £. 461 : 11 : 8|, being a conliderable Part of the de- 
ficient Loan-Office Money of Salem, and that he is ready to lay the 
fame before the Council and Houfe of Reprefentatives, purfuant to 
Law. 

Ordered, 

That Mr. Sheppard, Mr. Combs, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Demarejl and Mr. 
Mehehn, or any three of them, be a Committee to join a Committee 
©f the Council to .burn the above Sum, according to Law. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Sykes and Mr. Pettit do inform the Council thereof, and 
defire they will appoint a Committee of their Houfe accordingly, toge- 
ther with the Time and Place of Meeting. 

The EngroiTed Bill, entitled, An A61 to regulate the Packing of Beef 
and Pork, and to a/certain the Size of Cajks^ was read and compared ; 
on the Queftion, 
Rejolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Demareji, 



Yeas. 

Col. Ford, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Kinfeyy 
Mr. Paxfon, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Price, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Gibbon, 

Mr. Holme, 

Mr. Hand, 

Mr. Eldridge, 

Mr. Mehehn, 

Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer. 



Mi Nays. 

Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Hinch?nan, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Van Home, 
Mr. Pettit. 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Sheppard and Mr. 
Council for Concurrence. 



Mehelm do carry the faid Bill to the 



The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 



Friday, 



128 VOTES, &c. o/"/^^ General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Friday, February ii, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Sheppard reported, that Mr. Mehelm and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intruded to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Sykes reported, that Mr. Pettit and himfelf delivered the Mef- 
fage of Yefterday to Mr. Stockton, one of the Gentlemen of the Coun- 
cil, the Council not then fitting. 

The Bill, entitled, An Adl to make it Felony to counterfeit foreign Gold 
and Silver Coin, and for other Purpofes therein mentioned, was read the 
fecond Time, and committed to a Committee of the whole Houfe : 

The Houfe accordingly refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on the faid Bill ; and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speak- 
er refumed the Chair, and Mr. FifJoer, Chairman of the Committee, re- 
ported, that the Committee had made fome Progrefs in the Matter to 
them referred, and defired Leave to fit again. 
Ordered, 

That the Committee do fit again this Afternoon. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from 32 reputable Freeholders 
and Inhabitants of the County of Hunterdon, fetting forth, that it is 
with the greateft Concern the Petitioners find the Difference fubfifting 
between the feveral Branches of the Legiflature, on Account of the late 
Robbery of the Treafury, which they are informed arifes from its being 
infilled upon by the Houfe of AfTembly, that the Governor fhould re- 
move the Treafurer before Convidion ; and the Treafurer requefling a 
Trial by the Laws of his Country, before he is fubjeded to any Penalty, 
or the Lofs of his Office ; and humbly praying that no Ad may be done 
by Government, that will be fo derogatory to the Rights of the Subjed 
as the punifhing a Man before he is found guilty by the Laws of his 
Country ; and that the Houfe of Afl^embly may make Provifion for de- 
termining, in a juft and equitable Manner, that unhappy Difpute which 
has fo long obflruded the publick Bufinefs, and greatly increafed the 
Expence of the Province ; the fame was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. * 

According to Order, the Houfe again refolved itfelf into a Committee 
of the whole Houfe on the Bill /or making it Felony to counterfeit foreign 
Gold and Siher Coin ; and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker 
refumed the Chair, and Mr. FifJjer, Chairman of the Committee, report- 
ed, that the Committee had made fome further Progrefs in the Bill, and 
defired Leave to fit again. 
Ordered, 

That the faid Committee do fit again. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'clock To-morrow Morning. 

Saturday^ 



i^ih G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 129 



Saturday, February 12, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 
The Bill, entitled. An Ad to pre'uent Dogs from killing Sheep 'rvifhin 
the To-wnpnp o/'Deptford, in the County o/'GJoucefler, and for other Pur- 
pofes therein mentioned, was read the fecond Time, amentle.l in the 
Houfe, and upon the Queftion agreed to, and ordered to be ea- 
grofled. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from John Ruth, Prifoner in 
Burlington County Gaol, fetting forth the Particularb of h.'s '"-'> and 
praying fuch Relief as the Legitlature, in their Wifdom, Ihau .i.iak 
meet ; the fame was read, and ordered a fecond Reading 

The Houfe, according to Order, again refolved itfelf into a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houle on the Blliyor makmg it Felony to counterfeit 
foreign Gold and Silver Coin ; and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. 
Speaker refumed the Chair, andMr. Fijher, Chairman of the Committee* 
reported, that the Committee had gone through the Bill, and had made 
fundry Amendments thereto, and had altered the Title, the Bill being 
now called, An A(Si more effeBually to punifh the Counterfeiters off oreivnGold 
or Silver Coin, current ivithin the Colony of Ncw-Jerfey, and the Utter- 
ers thereof knoiving the fame to be counterfeit ; which Bill and Am-^ad- 
ments Mr. Fijher by Order of the Houfe reported; and tlie iaina 
being read, on the Queftion, whether the Bill as amended be eugroil- 
ed or not ? It was carried in the Affirmative : 



Mr 
Mr 
Mr 



Yeas. 

Mr. Comhs, 
Wetherill, 
Moo res, 
Taylor, 

Mr. Garritfe, 

Mr. Fijher, 

Mr. Rey, 

Mr. Dey, 

Mr. Demarejiy 



Yeas. 

Col. Ford, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Fucker, 
Mr. Van Home, 
Mr. Pettit. 



Nays. 

Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Pax/on, 
Mr. Sykes, 



Nays. 

Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
^Mt. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer. 



Ordered, 
That the faid Bill be cngrofled accordingly. 

Two Petitions were prefented to the Houfe and read, figned by Sixty- 
two Inhabitants of the County of Morris, praying an A&. of AfTembJy 
to oblige all Perfons who have Money at Intereft in this Colony to pay 
Taxes therefor, and that the Petitioners, and all that pay Intereft iur 
Money, may have Abatement made; 
Ordered, 
That the Petitions be read a fecond Time. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Abraham Sayre, his Mo- 
ther and Relations and others, fetting forth, that the Petitioner firft 
named has been confined in the Gaol of Ffex County for near nine 
* li Years, 



130 VOTES, Sec. of the Gei^ekal Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



T' 



Years, fufFering there more than can be eafily exprefled, and praying 
that he may be fet at Liberty to work for his Living ; which Petition, 
together with feveral Papers accompanying the fame, was read, and 
. ordered a fecond Reading. 

A MefTage from the Council, by Mr. Parker. 

Council-Chamber, Feb, 12, 1774. 
Ordered, 
''HAT Mr. Stockton, Mr. Coxe and Mr. Lawrence, or any two of 
them, be a Committee to join the Committee of the Houfe of 
Aflembly to burn the Sum of ;^. 461 11 8i, Salem Loan-Office Money, 
in the Hands of the Weftern Treafurer ; and that the faid Committees 
do meet for the Purpofe aforefaid, at the Houfe of the faid Treafurer, 
on Monday Morning next, at Nine of the Clock. 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Parker do acquaint the Houfe of Affembly therewith. 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 
The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Monday, February 14, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The Petition from the Townfliip oi Hanover, in the County oi Morris, 
praying for a Repeal of their prefent Road Adl, was read the fecond 
Time, and referred to the next Seffion of General Affembly. 

The Petition from John Okie Smith, Prifoner in Burlington County 
Gaol, praying for Releafement, was read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 
That the Ai^i Petition do lie on the Table. 

Mr. Tucker, from the Committee appointed to that Service, made the 
following Report, to which the Houfe agreed, viz. 

WE, the Committee appointed by the Council and Houfe of Repre- 
fentatives, to burn the deficient Loan-Office Money of Salem and 
Cumberland, do report that Samuel Smith, Efq. Treafurer of the Weftern Di- 
vifion of this Colony, laid before Us the Sum of Four Hundred and Sixty- 
one Pounds, Eleven Shillings and Eight-pence Three Farthings, in current 
Bills of Credit of the Colony oiNeiv-Jerfey, which was by Us examined 
and burned this Fourteenth Day of February, Anno Domini One Thou- 
fand Seven Hundred and Seventy-four, according to the Diredlions of 
the A(5t of Affembly of the Twelfth of the prefent King, entitled, An 
A(5l to enforce the Payment of feveral old Arrears, due to the Treafury of 
New-Jerfey ; which faid Sum is charged to the faid Treafurer, in the 
Account for Support of Government, reported to the Covincil and Houfe 
of Reprefentatives, December i, 1773, being Part of the Sums he re- 
ceived of the Widow Sharp, Executrix of Ifaac Sharp, deceafed, Willi" 

am 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Ef^. Governor. 131 



aj?i Hancock, Executor of Williajn Hancock^ deceafed, and Grant Gibbon^ 
Adminiftrator of Nicholas Gibbon, deceafed ; which faid Ifaac Sharp, 
William Hancock, and Nicholas Gibbon were feverally, in their Life-Times, 
Commiffioners of the Loan-Office for the County of Salem ; and for 
which faid Sum of ^.461 11 S^ now burned, the faid Treafurer is 
to be credited in his next Account for Support of Government. 

Richard Stockton, 
Daniel Coxe, 
John Lawrence, 
Samuel Tucker, 
* John Sheppard, 

John Demarest, 
John Combs, 
John Mehelm. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from 35 reputable Freeholders 
and Inhabitants of the Townlhip of Springjield, in the County of Bur- 
lington, fetting forth, that the Petitioners obferve, with Concern, the 
Difagreement fubfifting concerning the Robbery of the Eaftern Treafu- 
ry, and praying that the Legiflature may unite as one Body in remov- 
ing the Treafurer from his Office, and then that a Profecution may be 
commenced againft him for the Recovery of the PubUck Money faid 
to be ftolen ; and further praying a Law to oblige the Treafurers to 
give undoubted Security for the lafe Keeping of the Publick Money in 
future ; the faid Petition was read, and ordered a lecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe and read, from 33 reputable 
Freeholders and Inhabitants of the Counties oi Hunterdon and Sujex^ 
praying that the Eaftern Treafurer may not be removed from his Of- 
fice, before he is found guilty by the Laws of his Country ; and that 
the Houfe of Aflembly may make Provifion for determining, in a juft 
and equitable Manner, that unhappy Difpute which has {o long ob- 
ftrudied the Publick Bufineis, and greatly increafed the Expence of the 
Province ; 
Ordered, 

That the Petition be read a fecond Time. 

The Petition from Jofeph Moore of Amivell, in the County of Hun- 
terdon, praying Payment for repairing a certain Bridge in that Town- 
fhip, was read the lecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioner have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next Seffion 
of General Aflembly, provided he gives fix Weeks Notice thereof in the 
Pennfyl'vania Gazette ; and that no realbnable Obje(^ion fliall then ap- 
pear againft the fame. 

Mr, Crane, according to Order, brought in a Bill, entitled, An Adl 
more effeSiually to prevent unlanxiful killing of Horfes and horned Cat~ 
tie in this Colony ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The feveral Petitions from Elijah Bond and Daniel Coxe, relative to 
the Ferries over the River Delaivare, in the Townfhip of Nottingham, 
and County of Turlington, were read the fecond Time; 

Ordered, 



132 VOTES, &c. of the Ge-hekal Assembly of New-Jersey. 



Ordered, 
That the faid Petitions be referred for further Confideration, 
The Engrofled Bill, entitled, Ati AcH: more effe^ually to piinijh the 
Counterfeiters of foreign Gold or Silver Coin, current ivithin the Colony of 
New-Jerfey, and the Utterers thereof, knoiving the fame to be counterfeit, 
was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 



Yeas. 

]Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Demareji, 
Col. Ford, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Van Home. 
Mr. Pettit. 



Nays. 

Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Pa;</o», 
Mr. Sy/t^'j, 
Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Shcppard, 
Mr. £////fr. 



Ordered, 
That Mr. C(9?;z^j and Mr. Heivlings do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey and Mr, Paxfon do wait on the Council, and requeft 
to know how far they have proceeded on the Bill fent up from this 
Houfe for their Concurrence, for the better Regulation of Juries, 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Paxfon and himfelf delivered the Mef- 
fage of the Houfe with them intruded to the Speaker in Council. 

■Mr. Combs reported, that Mr. Heivlings and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, AnA&. to prevent Dogs from killing Sheep 
ivithin the ToivtifJjip o/'Deptford, in the County of Gloucefler, and for 
other Purpofes therein mentioned, was read and compared ; on the 
Queflion, 

Refolded, 
That the faid Bill do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Hinchman and Mr. Holme do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Freeholders and 
others Inhabitants of the City of Perth-Amboy, fetting forth Reafons 
why the Bill now before the Houfe /or the more equitable Manumiffion of 
Slaves, fliould not pafs into a Law ; the faid Petition was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from 67 reputable Freeholders 
and Inhabitants of the County of Monmouth, fetting forth, that the 

Petitioners 



j^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 133 

Petitioners obferve great Delay and unneceflary Expence in the publick 
Bulinefs, occafioned by the Difpute relative to the Treafury ; and as 
they are informed the Eaftern Treafurer is willing and defirous to have 
a fair Trial ; and as the only Matter in Difference is, whether he fhall 
firft be turned out of Office and then tried, or firfl: tried and upon 
Conviclion be difplaced — they earneftly recommend that a Trial be 
immediately directed, and are of Opinion, that a Removal before Con- 
viction will look like condemning before the Man is convidled ; and the 
Petitioners hope that all the Taxes may not be paid into the Weftera 
Treal'ury ; the faid Petition was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Message from the Council by Mr. Lawrence, informing the 
■^^ Houfe, that the Bill, entitled, Jn Ad for the better Regulation 
of Juries, was, on the 17 th Day of December laft, rejected by a Majo- 
rity of their Houfe. 

Mr. Hinchman reported, that Mr. Holme and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Bill, entitled, An KQifor the more effectual Prevention of Lotte- 
ries, Horferacing, Cockfghting and Shootingmatches, ivithin this Colony^ 
and to prevent the Sale of Tickets in Lotteries ere fled out of the Colony, and 
for other Purpofes therein mentioned, was read the fecond Time, and 
committed to Mr. Fijljer, Mr. Crane, Mr. Winds and Mr. Gibbon. 

A Meffage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

Ordered, 
That the fame be read To-morrow Morning. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'CIock To-morrow Morning. 

Til ef day, February 15, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 
A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Parker, 

Ordered, Council-Chamber, Feb. 14, 1774. 

'"p HAT Mr, Parker do carry to the Houfe of Affembly, for Con- 
^ currence, the Bill, entitled, An Ad to enable fundry Perfons Pro- 
prietors and Pojfejfors of certain Lands and Meadows lying upon the Wal- 
kill, in the County of Suffex, commonly called and knouun by the Name of 
the Drowned Lands, to drain the fame, and for other Purpofes therein 
mentioned. 

C H A. P E T T I T, Z). Clerk. 

Which Bill, together with certain Amendments made to the fame 
by the Council, and fent down for the Concurrence of the Houfe, were 
read ; and, upon the Queflion, the Houfe agreed to the Council's 
Amendments. 

K k Ordered^ 



134 VOTES, &c. o/'/A^ General Assembly o/" New-Jersey, 



Ordered, 
That the Bill be re-engrofTed with the Council's Amendments. 

His Excellency's MefTage of Yefterday Afternoon was read, and or- 
dered to be read a fecond Time ; and the faid Meffage is as 
follows, viz. 

^ Message ?o;^f Assembly. 

Gentlemen, 

IN Anfwer to the Meffage which you fent me a fliort Time before your 
late Adjournment, requefling me " to remove the Treafurer from 
" his Office, in order that a Suit may be inftituted againft him for 
" the Recovery of the Money" ftolen from the Treafury, I am 
to acquaint you that I laid the fame for Advice before His Ma- 
. jefly's Council of this Province. Their Opinion on the Subjedl will be 
beft feen by the following Extradl from their Minutes. 

* At a Council held at Burlington on the 21ft Day of JDecemher iTJZt 

* His Excellency was pleafed to lay before the Board a Meffage from 
' the Houfe of Affembly, which was read and is in the Words fol- 

* lowing, njiz. 

' ' Houfe of Affembly, December 11, 1773. 

" Ordered, That Mr. Mehehn and Mr. Taylor do wait on His Excel- 
" lency and inform him, 

" That the Houfe look on the Robbery of the Treafury to be of fo 
" much Confequence to the Colony that, confiftent with the Truft re- 
" pofed in them, they cannot remain filent. 

" The Houfe conceive publick Utility may render it neceffary that 
'* a Perfon fliould be removed from an Office and yet that Removal 
" cannot be deemed a Puniffiment. If a Perfon in Office fliould ap- 
J " pear to be incapable of performing the Duties of it, in order to pre- 
" vent any publick Detriment a Removal fliould take Place, and with 
" equal Reafon this Remedy ought to be applied where there appears to 
" have been a Negled in keeping the publick Money. 

" The Houfe know of no Adlion in which the Negligence of the 
" Eaftern Treafurer can be brought in Queftion. But they requefl His 
" Excellency would be pleafed to look into the Affidavits laid before 
" the Houfe in 1770, and they apprehend fome Inftances of Negligence 
" will appear. 

*' In order to reftore that Harmony which ought to fubfifl: between 
*' the feveral Branches of the Legiflature, and to quiet the general Un- 
" eafinefs of the Colony, the Houfe renew their Requefl that His Ex- 
" cellency would be pleafed to remove the Treafurer from his Office, in 
*' order that a Suit may be inftituted againft him for the Recovery of 
" the Money." 

' And His Excellency was pleafed to afk the Advice of the Council 
' whether it would be proper to remove the Eaftern Treafurer from his 

• Office, agreeably to the Requefl contained in the faid Meffage ; and 

whether 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 13^ 



' whether fuch Removal is neceflary to the legal Inftitution of a Suit 

* againft the faid Treafurer for the Money ftolen out of the Treafury 
' in the Year 1768. 

' The Council having taken the fame into Confideratlon and delibe- 

* rated thereon, were unanimoufly of Opinion that it would not be pro- 
' per for His Excellency at prefent to remove the faid Treafurer from 

* his OiBce ; and that fuch Removal is not necelTary to the legal Infli- 

* tution of fuch Suit againft him.' 

It appears to every Member of the Council that ail the Reafons which 
induced them unanimouHyto advife againft the Removal of the Trea- 
furer at the laft Seffion, fublift with ftill greater Force at the prefent; 
and I think I fliould be greatly wanting in my Duty if I did not adl ac- 
cording to fuch Judgment as I am able to form on the beft Advice I can 
obtain : I cannot therefore, in this Inftance, comply with your Requeft. 
— But to convince you, Gentlemen, that I have not come to this Refo- 
lution, without paying due Regard to the Reafons which you have urg- 
ed to the contrary ; and becaufe this Affair has a good deal excited the 
Attention of the Publick, who think it a Matter of great Confequence, 
I ihall not only give you fuch Remarks as have occurred to me on the 
Arguments contained in your MefTage, but alfo on thofe in the two 
Reports of your Committees on the Subjed:, and on fome others which, 
I underftand, have been advanced among the Members of your Houle, 
and are fuppofed to be Arguments of Weight in this Affair. 

I can readily " conceive (with you) that the publick Utility may 
" render it neceflary that a Perfon ffiould be removed from an Office," 
tho' I am not fo happy as to be of your Opinion that a Removal, parti- 
cularly in the two Inftances you mention, " cannot be deemed a Pu- 
" nifhment." In the firft, I think the Perfon would by that Means be 
properly punifhed for his Ignorance, or Prefumption in undertaking an 
Office which he was incapable of executing ; and, in the fecond, for 
his Negligence. — It is not pretended that the former Cafe will at all ap- 
ply to the prefent Treafurer ; and as to the latter, you have at laft can- 
didly acknowledged in your MelTage that " the Houfe kno%v of no Ac- 
" tion in which the Negligence of theEaftern Treafurer can be brought 
*' in ^lejiionr It is true, you afterwards " requeft that I would look 
*' into the Affidavits laid before the Houfe in 1770," and fay, that you 
" apprehend fome Inftances of Negligence will appear." But as you 
have not thought proper to point out the particular Inftances you al- 
lude to, nor even to fay pofitively that they are to be found in thofe 
Affidavits, I am at a lofs to know on what you have grounded fuch 
Apprehenfion : And if you had even pointed out thofe Parts on which 
you rely, I fubmit it to your Coniideration, how far it would be proper 
for me at this Time to determine whether or not they contain any In- 
ftances of Negligence in the Treafurer, when I have fo lately been cen- 
fvired by your Houfe for only declaring, in general Terms, that I 
thought fome other Affidavits, corroborated by many ftriking Circum- 
ftances, had brought the Affair of the Robbery of the Treafury to 
Light. But I cannot help faying, that it feems rather extraordinary, 
that the fame Houfe, who judged me blameable for fomuch as intimat- 



1^6 VOTES, &c. (?/' /^f General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



ing, before Trial and Convi^lion, that I thought a certain notorious 
Villain, who had fled from Juftice, guilty of a Crime laid to his Charge, 
can yet defire me (without any previous Trial, or hearing what can be 
faid in his Behalf) to proceed even to the inflidling a Punifhment on a 
Gentleman whofe Chara6ler has hitherto been unimpeached, and who 
has repeatedly folicited to have the Matter now alledged againll: him 
tried by a Jury of his Country. 

I have, however, Gentlemen, as you requefled, " looked into the 
*' Aflidavits laid before the Houfe in 1770," and I have likewife look- 
ed into all the Proceedings of that Aflembly in confequence of them. 
But if that Houfe, who, as you told me in your Meflage of the i8th 
of September 1772, made " a full, fair and impartial Inquiry into the 
*' Situation and Manner the Treafury was kept, with all the Evidences 
" and Circumftances that could be procured to give Light into that 
*' Matter," did not think proper to charge the Treafurer with Negligence^ 
with what Face of Reafon can you expecft me to do it ? You have, in- 
deed, afferted in the fame Meflage that that Houfe " was fully con- 
" vinced of his Remiflhefs," — that they came " to a Refolution that the Mo- 
" ney was loft through his Negligence, and that their Refolution ought 
" to be admitted as 2i fatisfaciory Proof." Whether you were warrant- 
ed in this Afl^ertion and Opinion, will beft appear by quoting the very- 
Words of the Refolves, as they ftand on their Minutes. 

The firfl: Refolve was in No'vemher 1769, which, after a Preamble 
fetting forth " That the Depofition of the faid Treafurer, proving the 
*' faid Robbery, had been read, as likewife many other Affidavits corro- 
*' borating therewith, and tending to confirm the faid Robbery," e^r. 
concludes thus, " That through theCourfe of the Examination not any 
" thing had appeared to impeach the Conduil or Charadler of the faid 
" Treafurer," — The next Refolves were in October 1770, in thefe 
Words, " Refohed, That it is the Opinion of this Committee [i. e. a 
" Committee of the whole Houfe] that the Robbery of the Eaftern Trea- 
•' fury, of the Sum of £. 6^'jo 9 4, which happened in the Night of 
" the 21ft: of July 1768, was for Want of that Security and Care that 
*' -was neceffary to keep it in Safety. To which the Houfe agreed. — The 
*' Houfe taking into Confideration the Eafliern Treafurer's Accounts, 
" reported 22d November 1769, wherein he prays an Allowance of the 
*' Sum of ^. 6570 9 4, fliolen from the Treafury 21ft of July 1768, 
" On the Queftion, Refolded, Nem. Con. That it is the Opinion of this 
" Houfe, the iaid Treafurer ought not to be allowed the faid Sum of 

" L' 6570 9 4-" 

Thefe three Refolves, I believe, are all which that Houfe thought 

proper to enter into on the Occafion. The firft is very far from con- 
taining any Accufation, The fecond (on which you feem to have 
founded your AflTertion) contains no Charge againfl; ^ny particular Per- 
fon whatever. The Aitembly do, indeed, refolve that in their Opitiion 
the Money was fliolen " for Want of that Security and Care that was 
*' neceflfary to keep it in Safety." But, fo far is this Refolve from fix- 
ing the Blame of that " Want of Security and Care" upon the Trea- 
furer, that, if it be compared with the former Refolve of the fame 

Aflembly 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 137 



AfTembly in 1769, the Senfe of the Houfe would rather appear to have 
been, that the Money was loft, not through any Negligence of the Trea- 
furer (of whom they had declared that " through the Courfe of the 
" Examination not any Thing had appeared to impeach his Condudl 
" or Charader") but through an Overfight or want of Attention in the 
Legijlature, in not having provided fufficient Means of Security, nor 
given fuch Diredions, with Regard to the proper Care to be taken of the 
Money, as were neceflary to keep it in Safety. And that this Conftruc- 
tion of the Refolve in queftion is in itfelf both juft and reafonable, 
may be argued from the Pradice of Parliament in a fimilar Cafe. It . 
appears by a Statute, pafled in the 2d of Geo. II. that the Exchequer 
was robbed of a large Sum, " notwithftanding (as the Ad lays) all 
" due Care was taken for Security of the faid Cafh, according to the Di- 
*' regions of the Acl made in the eighth and ninth Tears of the Reign of the 
" late King William the third, and th4| was not any Neglccl or Default 
" in the Teller, or in any of the Officers or Servants entrufted or em- 
" ployed by or under him." — Now here it is obfervable that an Acl of 
Parliament had been thought neceffary to dired the Officers of the 
Exchequer, in what Manner and by what Means due Care fliould be tak- 
en for the Security of the publick Money. I prefume it will not be 
denied that a fimilar Ad of AfTembly in this Colony for the fame Pur- 
pofe would be (and muft always have been) highly proper and expedi- 
ent, and therefore it appears nowife unreafonable to fuppofe the late 
AfTembly to have alluded to the Want of fuch a Law in the above-men- 
tioned Refolve. View it in any other Light and you will fee that it 
carries with it an Air of too much Abfurdity. To fay that a Thing 
was ftolen for Want of the Security that nvas neceffary to keep it in Securi- 
ty is only faying what may as properly be faid of any other Robbery 
that ever was or can be committed. It is, to be fure, a very felf- 
evident Propofition, but it muft at the fame Time be allowed that if 
the AfTembly meant no more than what a literal Conftrudion of the 
Words import, they might as well have kept their Opinion to them- 
felves. 

You fee, therefore. Gentlemen, there was no juft Foundation for 
your afTerting that the late Affembly came to a Refolution " that the 
" Money was loft through the Treafurer\ Negligence." And as vPi» 
when you firft took this Matter into Confideration, declared, that you 
took it up entirely " upon the Refolution of the late AfTembly, who had 
" fully inquired into it, and on that Inquiry had come to a Determi- 
" nation, and that as no new Evidence was fuggefted to induce you to 
" enter into a Rehearing thereof, it was not proper for you fo to do," 
J hope you will think that as no neix) Evidence has ever been fuggefted 
to me, tending to prove Negligence in the Treafurer, I ought, as well 
as the late AfTembly, to be cautious in faying any thing that may charge 
him with it ; and that the fame Reafons which induced them, after all 
their Inquiries, not to think it juft to requeft his Removal, or even to 
have him called to account for any fuppoied Negligence, but on the con- 
trary to vote him a Salary from Year to Year, will be fufficient to jufti- 
fy me in futfering him to continue in Office till the Matter has received 

L I , that 



138 VOTES^ Sec. (^ the G^SEKAL Assembly 0/' New-Jersey, 



that legal Decifion which he has fo often follcited. How it has hap- 
pened that you, who profefled going altogether on the Determination 
of the late Affembly, and gave for a Reafon that there was no neiv Evi- 
dence to induce you to proceed otherwife, fhould neverthelefs adl fo di- 
redly contrary to what they had done, and fpeak of the Treafurer as 
being adually guilty of Negligeiice, as you did repeatedly in your Mef- 
fages at the lafl: Seffion, I fhall not now undertake to explain : Nor fhall 
I attempt to account for the Alteration in your Language at this Seffion, 
when you declare that you " know of no Adlion in which the Negli- 
" gence of xheTreaJurer can be called in Queftion," and only venture to 
fay that you " apprehend fome Inflances of Negligence will appear." 

It is proper, however, Gentlemen, that 1 fhould here take Notice of 
an Intimation which has been given me, that you may poffibly mean 
by the Word '■'■Aciion" a Suit at Laiv ; but there are fo many Objecti- 
ons to be made to that Suppofitiih, that I cannot but think it highly 
improbable that fuch is your Meaning. You furely could not have 
been either fo impolitic or fo ignorant of the Law, as to intimate that 
the Treafurer, or any other Officer of Government, cannot be called in 
queftion for Negligence in Office, efpecially when that Negligence is 
attended with Damage or Injury to the Crown or any Individuals. But 
what puts it beyond difpute that fuch could not have been your Inten- 
tion, is your own Declaration in a former Meffage, wherein you fay, 
in exprefs Terms, that you " do not entertain a Doubt but that this 
" Negligence laid to his Charge can be properly tried in this Co- 
" lony." 

The only Reafons which you urge in your Meffage for the immedi- 
ate Removal of the Treafurer are. That Harmony may be rejiored betnveen 
the fever al BraiKhes of the Legiflature — that the general Uneafinefs of the 
Colony may be quieted — and that a Suit may be inftituted againfl the Trea- 
furer for the Recovery of the Money. 

There is no Man, I am fure, who can more delight in Harmony, or 
who would more zealoufly promote it than myfelf. It has ever been 
my Opinion, that it ought to be always particularly cultivated be- 
tween the feveral Branches of the Legiflature ; for it feldom happens, 
when a Difference fubfifts between them, but that the Country fuffers, 
le0Which will have the Advantage in Point of Argument. There is, 
however, no preventing Men from fometimes differing in their Senti- 
ments about publick as well as private Matters. Some think it beft on 
the whole that it fhould be fo, as from a Collifion of Opinions the Light 
of Truth is often brought forth. Be that as it will, it has been the 
unvarying Rule of my Condudt, fince I have been honoured with the 
Adminifl:ration in this Colony, to avoid, as much as was in my Power, 
every Occafion of Difpute; and though I have at Times differed in Sen- 
timent from the Affembly concerning publick Tranfadtions, yet I have 
been filent in all Cafes where I thought I could be fo confiftently with 
my Duty to the King, to the People, or to my own Charader. In the 
prefentCafe, it is nothing but my Senfe of that Duty which aduates my 
Condud. For though much Pains have been taken to have it under- 
ftood that it is from Motives of Friendlhip or Regard to the Treafurer, 

that 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 139 



that I do not comply with your Requeft, I can fafely call God to Wit- 
nefs, chat I have not, as I told you before, any Attachments which 
can come in Competition with my Duty ; nor do I know any thing 
that I Ihould have in greater Abhorrence than for a Man in my Station 
to fuffer himfelf to be influenced in his publick Condud by either pri- 
vate Affeclion or Refentment. My publick Conduct may at Times be 
wrong through Miftake, but never through Defign. I pretend not to 
Infallibility, but I do to Principle, from which not all the Entreaties of 
Friends nor Threats of Enemies fhall ever make me deviate. 

The Motives of my Conduct on this Occafion will fully appear from 
fome of my former Meffages. It is my Duty to fee that Juftice be done 
to all the King's Subjects in this Colony without Diftindion. If you 
Ihould fucceed in having an Officer removed on an Allegation that he 
has been guilty of fome Negligence or Default in his Office, before 
that he has an Opportunity of being heard in his Defence, altho' he 
even requefts that the Matter fhould receive a juft and legal Decilion, 
I fee not what is to prevent you from aiming at the Removal of every 
other Officer in the Government in the fame Manner. Whenever any 
one of them may happen to difpleafe or become difagreeable to a Ma- 
jority of the Aflembly, or to thote who can influence a Majority, there 
will never be wanting a Pretence for infilting on his Removal, and 
threatning (as in the prefent Cale) to with-hold the neceflary Supplies 
malefs Government will comply with their Requeft. This would be 
cftablifhing a Precedent which might hereafter be attended with far 
worfe Conlequences to the Community than the Lofs of many Times 
the Sum robbed from the Treafury. No Gentleman of Senfe and Spi- 
rit would be likely to accept of any Office fubjed to fo uncertain and 
difgraceful a Tenure. 

As to the Uneafinefs of the People, I do not wonder at it. I know 
that great Induflry has been ufed to make them difllitisfied. Unjuft 
Reprefentations, artful Infinuations, nay direct Falfehoods have not been 
wanting. A Flame has been kindled which fome Perfons think it their 
Intereft to keep up. Before it fubfides, however, it may afford a Light 
to fhew them in their true Colours. It is in vain to hope to intimidate 
me by holding up the Difpleafure of the People. My Ambition is not fo 
much to pleafe as to ferve them, and whoever only aims at the one, 
will generally fail in the other. They often make erroneous Judgments 
for want of proper Information. I am forry any Part of your Condu6l 
fhould betray an Inclination to with-hold any Materials of that kind 
from them, efpecially in a Matter of fuch publick Concern, and in which 
they are fo nearly interefled. I mean your Relblve of the 20th of Z)<?- 
cember on fiading that the Treafurer's two laft Memorials, tho' fo fliort, 
were inferted at large on your Minutes. Straivs ami Feathers (fays 
fome Writer) arc light Things, hut they ferve to Jheiv ivhich "way the 
Wind bloivs. 

If a Suit at Law could not be properly inflituted againft the Trea- 
furer for the Recovery of the Money, without a previous Removal or 
Refignation, as you profefs to believe, I lliould not make the leaft Ob- 
jection to your Requeft. But every Tyro ia the Law mufl know better, 

and 



140 VOTES, 8cc. 0/ the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



and it is aftonifliing that Men who do not want underflanding could 
ever form fuch an Idea, even though they may not have made that Pro- 
feffion their Study. — The only Reafons which I can find on your Mi- 
nutes for this flrange Opinion are, 

I ft. " That you apprehend his Removal previous to fuch Suit is necejjary, 
as you cannot fee ivith 'what Propriety one can be brought for the Sum f aid 
to be lofi, and ivhich he contends he is not liable to the Payment of until 
ii'hat he admits to be in his Hands belonging to the Province is removed 
ivhere the People have more Confidence to place it." 

To illuftrate this Pofition, let tis fuppofe that a Steward, who is in- 
trufted with the receiving and paying of Money, Ihould alledge that he 
has loft or been robbed of a Part of it, and contend that it ought to be 
allowed in his Accounts, but that, however, he is willing and defirous 
to have the Matter determined by an amicable Suit at Law. If your O- 
pinion is right, it is necejjary, before his Employer can agree to fuch a 
Suit, that he remove his Steward, and place the Remainder of the Mo- 
ney in other Hands. — If this is Law, it is much to be lamented that Laiu 
ftiould be fo repugnant to Common Senfe ! — But if we fliould likewife fup- 
pofe that the Robbery of the Treafury, attended with all the fame Cir- 
cumftances, had happened in the Weftern inftead of the Eaftern Divi- 
fion, what then muft have been the Confequence ? For the Wefiern Trea- 
furer, it feems, holds his Office during good Behaviour, and has there- 
fore by Law a Freehold in it, of which he cannot be divefted but by 
fome legal Procefs. Will you fay that, in this Cafe, he cannot " ivith 
" Propriety' have a Suit brought againft him for the Recovery of any 
Deficiency in the Treafury, unlefs he condefcends to a previous Refig- 
nation ? You have virtually faid it, and it muft be fo if your Pofition 
is right. How thankful ought the Publick to be then that he is fo ho- 
neft a Man ! Were he otherwife, he might, if he knew no better, rely 
on the Authority of your Opinion, and think himfelf fafe in any Mif- 
application of the publick Money. If any one fhould tell him that he 
may be removed from his Office on Convidlion of his Miftjehaviour 
and then be obliged to pay the Money, he may readily anfwer, " The 
Conftitution requires that ftich Convidion fhould be by a Suit at Law, 
and, according to the new Dodrine, it is " neceffary" in order to in- 
ftitute fuch Suit that I fliould be previoufly removed from my Office, 
which no one has a Right to take from me, or that I fliould refign, 
which I do not chufe to do." 

To intimate that the People have not fufficient Confidence in theTrea- 
fnrer to place the publick Money in his Cuftody, when you well know 
that it muft be only fuch of them as are unacqvfainted with the pre- 
fent Situation of the Treafury, has not that Appearance of Fairnefs 
and Candour which I could wifli to fee in their Reprefentatives. The 
Minutes of the laft Allembly will fliew, that both of the Treafurers did, 
in I76<;, the Year after the Robbery, enter into Bonds with fuch Sure- 
ties as were deemed fufficient, to the fame Amount, and on the like Con- 
ditions as were propofed by that Afi!embly ; which Bonds were depofit- 
ed among the Records in the Secretary's Office, where they ftill remain. 
You likewife know that I have repeatedly declared, that if you have any 

Doubts 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 141 



Doubts of the Validity or Sufficiency of thofe Bonds, I am very willing 
to confent to a Bill for obliging the Treafurers to give liich farther Se- 
curity as fhall be thought realbuable. So that there can be no Neceffi- 
ty for the People to be under any Concern for the Safety of any Money 
which can come into the Eaftern Treafurer's Hands while the Suit is de- 
pending ; for, if you really think there is any Danger that the Province 
may fuftain any Lofs hereafter, through his Means, for Want of fuf- 
ficient Bonds or Security, you may eafily prevent it by paffing fuch a 
Bill as I have mentioned. 

2. The fecond Realbn is. That " it feems ahfurd tofue a Per/on for 
a Sum of Money "who in cafe of a Recovery on that Suit is the Perfori by 
Virtue of his Office entitled to receive the Sum fo recovered. 

All this feeming Ablurdity is, however, Gentlemen, entirely of vour 
own creating. For if the Suit fhould go againft him, and it lliould be 
finally determined that he is aniwerable for the Sum Itolen, he will 
not have the Money to receive but to pay. He will be obliged to pay 
Orders to that Amount, when drawn on him, jufl: as if the Money had. 
remained always in the Treafury. This is the only Light in which it 
can be properly confidered, and, indeed, is the very Light in which it 
appears on your Minutes of the lafl Seffion. In the firfl Article of the 
Account you then fettled with him, he is made Debtor 
" To Balance of Account fettled by the Committee 
" 0<:7o^d'/-22,i77o,includingtheSum^.657o:{;:4, 
" flolen from the Treaiury 21II July i 768, — £. 10,072 : 9 : io» 

Now the Difpute between you and him is, whether he fhall pav the 
Orders of Government to the whole Amount of the Sum with w^hich 
he is charged in this Settlement, or be allowed to deduct, or credit his 
Account for, the Sum llolen. 

3. If fuch Trial IV as had and Judgment ohtained againfi theTreafurery 
an Execution cannot be iffued to fecure the Monies, until his ReJignatioUy 
cr Removal. 

This Reafon is in Subflance fo fimilar to the foregoing, that the fame 
Anfwer may nearly ferve for both. There will be no Occafion to ifTue 
any Execution to fecure the Monies. The Suit is propofed to be an 
amicable one, and the Treafurer has offered to give Security to abide 
by the Confequences ; which, if againft him, he will no longer objedl 
to his being charged with the Sum ftolen as fo much Money adually 
in the Treafury. 

But what entirely removes this and the former Objedion is, the 
Treafurei^'s Engagement in his Memorial of the i8th of December laft, 
that " fhould the Verdict of his Country be againft him he will, with- 
" out Delay, refign his Office." On this Engagement you have thought 
proper to declare, that you " do not apprehend the Publick fliould 
*' bring fuch Suit and confide in the Promife he is plea fed to make to 
*' refign on Condition a Verdift ftiould be had againft him." It is not 
my Purpofe to vindicate the Treafurer's Chara(5ter, or in anywife to be 
an Advocate for him. All my Aim is that he may have that Chance 
for impartial Juftice which every Man is entitled to by the Laws of his 

M ra Country. 



142 VOTES, See. 0/ /j{?f General Assembly 0/ New-Jersey. 



Country. I cannot, however, help exprefllng my Concern that you 
fliould fo unkindly (to fay no worfe) declare that you think the Publick 
ought not to CON FIDE in his Promise, though that Promife is given un- 
der his Hand, and delivered to your Houfe to be publiflied to the World 
on your Minutes. If any Part of his Condu6l has authorlfed you to 
form fuch Sentiments of him, and to caft fuch a publick Stigma on his 
Charadler, it is well ; if not, the ill-timed cruel Refledlion will certain- 
ly do you no Credit, Such an Engagement muft ever be held facred 
by Men of Honour : And you might have depended that if he fhould 
afterwards have attempted to evade the Performance of it, he would 
have been removed without any Hefitation. 

Equally unkind and unwarranted appears the Doubt which you in- 
timate " z/" the Treafurer is r^-ij/Zr defirous of fuch Trial." I am at a 
Lofs to imagine what ftronger Proof he could have given of the Since- 
rity of his Intentions than by repeatedly " entreating that the Houfe 
" would direcfi: a Suit to be brought againft him — declaring that he will 
" appear, put in Bail or enter into Recognizance as fhall be required — 
" offering to give every reafonable Security to abide the Confequences of 
" a Trial — and promiiing that fhould the Verdidl of his Country be 
" againft him, he will, without Delay, refign his Office." He has of- 
fered, befides, " if a Trial at Law fliould not be approved of, to fubmit 
" to any other legal or equitable Mode of finally determining the Mat- 
" ter." And all the Favour, or rather Juftice, he afks is, " That the 
*' Houfe will not do any Acl by which he may be put in a worfe Statd 
" than every Man ought to be in fuch a Situation — that he may not be 
*' removed from his Office before Trial, as he apprehends that fuch 
" Removal will, in its Confequences, affedl the Caufe, and may in- 
*' duce an unjuft Bias againft him — but that every Meafvire may be tak- 
*' en to obtain a fair and impartial Decifion." This, Gentlemen, you 
know to be the Language of all his Memorials, and if you do not think 
his Requeft is juft and reafonable, then muft I believe your Ideas of Rea- 
fon and Juftice to be greatly different from thofe of the Reft of Mankind. 

But, fay you, " if he is really defirous of a Trial, he ought to con- 
" vince the Houfe, by his Refignation, of fuch his Intentions." How 
his Refignation could be thought a Conuidion of the Sincerity of his Re- 
queft I Ihould have been at a lofs to conceive, had it not been for what 
is faid afterwards, by which it appears to be the Opinion of the Houfe 
that " no Suit at Law will anfwer any good Piirpofe without a previous 
" Pvcfignation, and that fuch Refignation, or Removal, is necejfary 
" in order that a Suit may be inftituted againft him for the Recovery 
*' of the Money." Was this really the Cafe, Gentlemen, you would 
find no Man more heartily inclined to gratify your Inclinations in this 
Refped than myfelf. I fliould think fuch Neceffity a fufficient Juftifi- 
cation for your Conducft. A Regard to the Publick fhould not give 
way to a Regard for an Individual. But there is no one Thing in which 
I am clearer, than that ftridl Juftice may be done to both in the 
prefent Inftance, without having Recourfe to any Meafure, which 
may even appear harfli or unreafonable. If any Gentlemen of Charac- 
ter who are verfed int the Pradice of the Law, and not concerned 

in 



i^tb G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 143 



in this Difpute, will declare under their Hands that fuch a Suit cannot 
*' luith Propriety'' be inftituted without a previous Refignation or Re-^ 
mo'val, or that either of them is any way " necelTary" for the Purpofe, 
I will immediately give up the Point and comply with your Requeft. 
Depend upon it, Gentlemen, you will ultimately find that you have 
been deceived in this Matter, either through Inattention, Mifapprehen- 
fion, or fome other Caufe which Time may, perhaps, difcover. 

To obviate the principal Objeftion made by the Treafurer to his be- 
ing previoufly removed from his OiEce, you have given it as your Opi^ 
nion " that 16 far from prejudicing him on his Trial,- his Refignation 
" would have the greateft Tendency to remove any Prejudices which. 
" the People may have already imbibed, as it would Ihew a Difpofition 
" in the Treafurer really to give the People of the Colony an Opportu- 
" nity to obtain a Trial on Terms which may, conGflent with the pub- 
*' lick Welfare, be complied with." I know not, as I remarked before, 
how he could more fully have manifefted fuch a Difpofition than he 
has done. Whether his Refignation would have theEffetl you mention, 
I do not pretend to be a competent J udge. There can be no Doubt, 
however, but the Confequences of a Rernpval would be different. All 
I have to fay on this Point is, that if his Sentiments concur with yours 
they will meet with no Oppofition on my Part. 

But we will fuppofe, Gentlemen, that he may abfolutely refufe to 
refign his OfEce, and that I m.ay perfevere in refufing to remove him 
till after a Trial is had : Add to this Suppofition, if you will, that by 
fuch Refufal we are both highly blameable. Will that, however, be 
any Excufe for your Conduct ? Is it not your Duty to do the Publick 
all the Service in your Power, though you may not be able to do it all 
you defire? Have you not faid, that " adf?iitting the Monej to he ftolen, 
•' you look upon the Treafurer to be liable to xht Payment of it at LaivT'' 
Take this for granted. Should you not then, if you think the Publick 
ought likewife in Jujiice to be paid that Money by the Treafurer, to 
have Recourfe to the Law in the befl Manner you can, tho' you may 
not think it quite fo eligible as fome other Method ? 

This brings me to confider more particularly the feveral Modes that 
have been mentioned refpedling the Inftitution of a Law Suit for this 
Purpofe, and the Objedions that have been made to them. A Matter 
which I the more readily undertake, as you have intimated that " you 
*' fliould have been glad to have found that I had difcovered a Mode 
" for effeding the Settlement of this defirable Point, and mentioned it 
•' to the Houfe in my Speech — that I have, no doubt, bellowed fome 
*' Thoughts on this Subjedl — and, perhaps, may be prepared to point 
" out to the Houfe fome Mode of Proceeding." 

It may not be amifs, however, in the firft Place, to recapitulate fome 
of the Tranfadions of the lafi SefTion relative to this Point. A Refolve 
paired in the Houfe, that a MefTage be prelented to the Governor " re- 
" quelling that he would jwk with the Affembly in fome Methods, or 
" fet on Foot fome Profecidion to bring the Treafurer to account for, 
*' and to pay to the Colony the Sum faid to be flolen," 6'f. But for 
fome Reafon or other, the Houfe in the Meflage confined themfelves to 

the 



144 VOTES, &c. o/" /^f General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



the firft Part of the Requeft, and only defired I would ">m with them 
" in proper Meafures to effed this defirable Purpofe." To this I anfwer- 
ed that it was " a Matter of mufh Confequence to the Colony, and 
" ought to receive a jufl and final Decifion, and the Houfe might rely 
" that whenever they pointed out to me fuch proper Meafures for ef- 
•^' feeling this defirable Purpofe, as I could with Propriety join in, my 
*' Affiflance fliould not be wanting." In theirnext Meffage they pro- 
pofed that I iliould " remove the Treafurer from his Office— appoint 
" another in his Place — and join in a Law to authorife the new Treafurer 
" to commence a Suit againft the prefent Treafurer for the Deficiency— 
or, if I fliould difapprove of this Meafure, that I would be pleafed to 
*' point out fome more eligible Methods to obtain this defirable End." 
Upon receiving this Meffage I laid it before the Council and conful't- 
ed them refpeding the Meafure propofed. It appeared to us that there 
could be no Neceffity for pafling a new Law for trying a Matter of that 
kind, that the Laws in being were quite fufficient, and that filing an 
Inforination was the proper Mode, and would efl?baually anfwer the 
Purpofe. However, it being fuggefted that it would be beft to have a 
Conference between a Committee of the Council and a Committee of 
the Aflembly on the Subjed, I recommended that Expedient to the Af- 
fembly, and a Conference accordingly took Place. In another MefiTage 
I acquainted the Houfe that " the Treafurer had fignified to me his 
'I Willmgnefs to fubmit the Matter to any reafonable Mode of Decifi- 
on, and that I fhould be happy if the Committees agreed upon one 

" that would be the lead liable to do Injuftice to either Party that he 

'' requefted he might not be removed until the Afl^air in difpute were 
" decided, as fuch Removal could not fail to bias the Minds of Men 
" already too much prejudiced by the Reports which had been circu- 
" lated to his Difadvantage," I likewife mentioned an Inftance in 
King WlU'iams Time, where it had been determined that an Officer, 
on a like Occafion, fhould not be cenfured or removed imtil Judgment 
was given againft him.— The Refult of the Conference will appear from 
the Reports of the refpedive Committees, which, for a Reafon that 
will be difcovered hereafter, I choofe to give at large. That made to 
the Aflembly is in thefe Words, 'viz. 

We, the Committee appointed by the Houfe of Afl^embly to con- 
fer with the Honourable Committee of the Council on the Matter "re- 
'^^ commended in the Governor's Mefl^age of the i8th Inftant, beer 
" Leave to Report, that your Committee met the aforefaid Committee 
*' of the Council on the 22d Inftant, when the Committee of the Coun- 
•' cil propofed. 

That an Information would anfwer the Purpofe of calling the Trea- 
" furer to account for the Deficiency of publick Money faid to be fto- 
" len out of the Treafury, 

" That your Committee entered into fome Converfation on the Sub- 

*' Jed Matter of the Propofal, and being of Opinion, that in all Pro- 

^'^ babihty Difficulties would enfue in fuch Mode of Profecution, and 

^'^' that at beft the Method was not fo eligible as the one determined on in 

the Houfe, and exprefled in their MelTage to the Governor on this 

" Subjed, 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/y. Governor. 145 



C( 



Subject, conid not then come to any final Conclufion thereon — but 
beg Leave to fit again if neceflary." 

The Report to the Council is as follows, viz. 
" We the Subfcribers, being the Committee appointed to meet a 
*' Committee of the Houfe of Aflembly in a free Conference on the Sub- 
*' je6l of the Gvernor's Mefi"age relative to the Robbery of the Eaftern 
*' Treafury, do Report, That your Committee met the faid Committee 
*' of the Hovife of Aflembly on Tuefday the 22d Day oi Seplember 1772, 
" at the Houfe of WlUiam Wright in Pertb-Amboy, and your Committee 
" having opened the faid Conference, did proceed to ftate the Mode 
*' which this Houfe had previoufly agreed upon as the mofl: proper and 
" convenient to bring the Eaftern Treafurer to a legal Trial, by filing 
*' an Information againft him, purfuant to an Order of the Governor 
" and Council thereupon to be obtained ; and after your Committee 
" had ftated the faid Mode of Trial by Information, they proceed to 
" obfcrve that if fuch Mode by Information fliould be judged improper, 
" your Committee had no Objedtion to attend to any other Mode 
" which fhould be propofed and efteemed lefs exceptionable. That on 
" the Part of the Committee of the Houfe of AflTembly, not only fun- 
*' dry Objefllons were made to the Mode of Profecution by Information ; 
*' but they ."Ifo Informed your Committee that they could proceed no 
*' further in the Conference, either by accepting of the Mode of Pro- 
*' fecution which had been propofed by your Committee, or by ofFer- 
*' ing any other to the Confideration of your Committee which they 
*' (the Committee of AflTembly) might think lefs exceptionable, unlefs 
" the faid Treafurer Ihould be previoufly removed from hisOfiice, And 
" your Committee having informed the faid Committee of Aflembly 
" that they (your Committee) had received no Authority from this 
" Houfe refpedling that Matter, and that therefore they could not enter 
" upon the Confideration thereof, the faid Conference thereupon broke 
" up. 

*' Stirling, 

" John Stevens, 

" Richard Stockton, 

*' Daniel Coxe." 

The Aflembly, it feems, did not think it neceflary that their Com- 
mittee fliould again meet the Committee of Council on the Svibjeft, 
and three Days after the Conference, informed me in a Mefl^age that 
" they could take no Part m/uch Profecution, and fliould not look up- 
" on themfelves as anfwerable for the Confequences." In my Anfvver 
to this Meflage, I told them. That whatever Mode the Committees 
could agree upon and the two Houfes would recommend to me, I had 
been and ftlU was ready to adopt — that the Houfe had, indeed, ap- 
pointed a Committee, but, Inftead of meeting to confer freely, and de- 
termine on the Mode which fliould appear leaf liable to Exceptions, that 
Committee had declared themfelves bound by the Sentiments of the 
Houfe with Pvefped to the previous Removal of the Treafurer, and, in 

N n 'a 



1^6 VOTES, 8cc. o/" ^^f General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



a Manner, made that Removal the Jine qiia non of any Confideration 
about the Mode of inftituting a Suit againft him — and that, in fhort, 
if the Determination of the Houfe were not impUcitly compHed with, 
they feem'd to be very indifferent whether the Treafurer were called to 
an Account or not. — To this, I added, " I have, Gentlemen, as I told 
" you before, applied to His Majefty's Council for their Advice on the 
" Occafion, and they are unanimoufly of Opinion that it is not proper 
" that the Treafurer fliould at prefent be removed. The Treafurer, 
" however, has preffingly folicited that this Seffion may not be fuffered' 
" to pafs over without fome Mode fettled for trying the Matter in Dif- 
*' pute. But you mull be convinced that if you are determined, as you 
" tell me, to take no Part infuch Profecution, it will not be in my Pow- 
" er to carry on any kind of Suit for this Purpofe to Effe6l. If you do 
*' not grant Money to defray the Expence of feeing Lawyers, you muft 
*' be fenfible that none of them can be expeded to give themfelves any 
" Concern in the Matter. To require it of the Attorney-General would, 
" confidering his near Connexion, be vinreafonable. I therefore now 
*' tell you that I will appoint any Lawyers to that neceffary Service 
" whom you fhall recommend to me, and that if you do not provide 
" for the Expences of carrying on the Suit before you rife, I fliall be 
" under a Neceffity of letting the Affair remain in the fame unfettled 
" State it is at prelent ; for which, if any ill Confequences fhould arife 
" to the Publick, it cannot be reafonable that I Oiould incur any Cen- 

*' fure." To this the Houfe, on the Queflion, refolved that 

they would return no Anfwer, and immediately requefted a Difmiffion, 
which was granted. 

Thus, I think, it appears evidently, Gentlemen, that nothing was 
wanting on my Part to have had this Matter legally determined during 
the laft Year ; and, in all Probability, had you complied with my Of- 
fisr of appointing any Lawyers you ftiould recommend to me for alUft- 
ing the Attorney-General in conducing the Suit, and granted Money 
for the Purpofe, the whole Matter might have been legally fettled before 
the Commencement of the prefent Seffion, 

The Attorney-General, it is true, might have been direded by Go- 
vernment to file an Information and carry on the Profecution alone ; 
but had the Suit been determined in the Treafurer's Favour, there is no 
Doubt but many Perfons would have exclaimed that the Publick had 
not a fair Chance — that the Profecution was only carried on by his Bro- 
ther — and that the Governor ought to have employed other Council. It 
would have been in vain to reply That the Attorney-General did his Du- 
ty to the utmoft without Favour or Affection — that there was no pub- 
lick Money which could be appropriated to the Feeing of other Coun- 
cil — and that it was unreafonable to expedl the Governor to advance it 
out of his own Pocket. 

The Objedions which I had to the only Mode propofed by the Af- 
fembly for fettling this Affair, were, 

I ft. That there could be no Juftice in removing a Man from an Of- 
fice for having met with a Misfortune. 

2. That it was not proper for me to take for granted that he had been 

guilty 



i^tb G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 147 



guilty of any Negligence or Default^ when he not only denied it, but 
had given many Reafons to fliew the contrary in his Memorial of the 
9th of September 1772, and repeatedly requefted that no Judgment, 
might be formed of his Condud until he had had that Trial which he 
was entitled to by the Laws of his Country. 

3d. That there was no Doubt in the Mind of any Man acquainted 
with the Prejudices which then fubfifted, but that a previous Removal 
would have induced fuch an unjufl Bias againfl him as he appre- 
hended. 

4th. That there was no Pretence for punifliing him with a DifmifTion 
from his Office, unlefs it were taken for granted that he was guilty of 
Negligence ; and that it would be particularly hard and unreafonable to 
take for granted a Matter by which he mufl not only fuffer the Lofs of 
his OiEce, but be deprived of all Hopes of having any Confideration 
paid by the Legiflature to his Misfortune, in cafe it fliould be after- 
wards adjudged that according to the ftrid Rules of Law he was liable 
to pay the Money. To explain myfelf on this Head, 1 will fuppofe, 
for Argument Sake, that the Pofition laid down by the AfTembly is 
right, namely, that admitting the Money to bejlolen, the Treafurer is ne- 
njerthclefs liable to the Payment of it at Law. But then, I apprehend 
even in that Cafe he has a Right to expedl the Legiflatvire will exempt 
him from the Payment of the Money unlefs fome Negligence or Default 
ihall he proved againfl: him. This was done by the Parliament in the 
Cafe of hord Potvlett, one of the Tellers of the Exchequer, as appears 
by the Statute before mentioned, which, after reciting that all due 
Care was taken for Security of the Cadi fl:olen, according to the 
Direiiions of an Ad formerly made for that Purpofe, and that there 
was not any Negled or Default in the fald Teller, <^c. declares that 
" it is jnji and reafonable to make Provifion for making good the faid 
*' Lofs, and to declare the Indemnity and Difcharge of the faid Teller in 
" Refpedl thereof" — and they accordingly did indemnify him from 
all Demands on that Account. In this they aded entirely conforma- 
ble to a fundamental Principle of the Engl'flj Conflitution, and to thofe 
well known Maxims in the Law, Nemo piinitiir fine Injuria, faclo, feu 
Defalta. — Acius Legis nemini eft damnofus. And, unlefs Reafon and 
Jufice in America are different from what \sjuft and reafonable in Eng- 
land, the fame ought to be done in the like Cafe in this Colony, and 
the rather as there have never been any Dirediojis given by the Legif^ 

lature here refpedling the Manner of keeping the publick Money. 

Hence it muff be allowed by every candid Perfon, that Negligence was 
a Fault of too much Confequence, in this Cafe, to be wantonly im- 
puted to the Treafurer, and that, as he was always ready to have that 
Matter determined by a due Courfe of Law, there was the more Reafon 
for Government to be cautious in doing an Adt which could not fail of 
being conflrued to his Difadv^ntage. 

5th. That there was no Neceffity for the Government to do any thing 
that was either really or feemingly unjufl: in order to obtain Juifice on 
this Occafion ; as the Province either did not, or needed not run any 
Rifle of lofing the Money which remained, or might afterwards come 

into 



148 VOTES, &c. of f/>f General Assembly of New-Jersey, 



into the Treafury — the Treafurer having (as I obferved before) already- 
given Security, and I was always willing, if that fliould not be thought 
liifBcient, to content to a Law obliging him to give whatever Security 
iliould be judged reafonable. 

6th. It was abfurd and improper for Government to have Recourfe 
to a new Law for doing that which the Conftitution had already pro- 
vided a Means of doing. Befides a new Law merely to authorife the 
new Treafurer to fue the former one, which was all that was propofed 
by your Houfe, would not remove the principal Objecflion to a Suit of 
this Nature in this Province, namely, the Interefl which the Judges and 
Jury would have in the Decifion. And if the A(fl fhould have even 
contained a Claufe exempting them from any Share of the Taxes which 
might be laid for making good the Deficiency in the Treafury, yet it 
would not in all Probability have been made to exempt all their Rela- 
tions, and could not exempt them from their Prejudices, which at that 
Time were likely to.give a greater Bias than a fmall or remote Interefl. 
As thefe Obflacles could not be totally removed, nor much lefTened, the 
propofed new Law (without aniwering any valuable Purpofe to the 
Province) would, however, as it was to be attended with the Removal 
of the Treafurer, have been produ<5live of far greater Difadvantage to 
him than could have been compenfated by any Benefit which might 
have refuked from the Judges and Jary being exempted from their 
Share of the Taxes. — In common Cafes, the remoteft pofFible Interefl 
has been deemed a fufhcient Objedtion to both Judges and Jury ; but, 
in a Cafe circumflanced like this, Neceffity will over-rule fuch an Ob- 
jedlion, in Behalf of the Publick, agreeably to the old Law Maxim, Ju- 
ra Ptiblica anteferenda prmatis. But though the Treafurer is willing 
to wave any Plea of that kind, and to abide, as he fays, " the Confe- 
'* quences of a Trial in the ufual Way," it might not be amifs on fuch 
an uncommon Occafion, for the Affembly to pafs a Law exempting the 
Judges and Jury in the Manner abovementioned. It will at leaft look 
well, and be fome Proof that they want nothing but flri6l Juflice to 
take Place, and that too as nearly as may be to the Principles of the 
Engl'ifJj Conftitution. 

I fhall now proceed to confider the Mode propofed by the Council, 
and the Objeclions which have been made to it as far as they have come 
to my Knowledge. All that appears on your Minutes refpe(!iling it is, 
" that the Committee entered into fome Converfation on the fubjedl 
" Matter of the Propofal, and were of Opinion, that in all Probabi- 
" lity Difficulties would enfue in fuch Mode of Profecution (i. e. by In- 
" formation) and that at leaft the Mode was not fo eligible as the one 
" determined on in the Houfe." It is much to be wifhed that the Com- 
mittee had not been quite fb referved in aMatter of fuch great Importance, 
and had favoured us with an Account of thofe Difficulties of which they 
appear to have been fo apprehenfive, and given their Reafons why they 
thought the Council's Mode not fo eligible as their own. But tho' no fuch 
Reafons have been fuftered to make their Appearance in the Report, yet 
as fome of them have fince otherwife tranfpired, and feem to be great- 
ly relied on by thofe who have warmly interefted themfelves in the Af- 
fair, it is not proper to let them pafs unnoticed. One 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 149 



One Objedlion is, " That an Information cannot be brought, nor nvill it 
•' lie, except for a criminal Matter." 

I do not pretend to be much converfant in the Pradice of the Law 
but it is in the Power of any Perfon to fatisfy himfelf on this Head' 
by only turning to Viners Abridgment or a common Law Di6lionary! 
He will there find that an Information is defined to be " the fame for 

•' the King which for a common Perlbn is called Declaration" That 

" wherever a Matter concerns the publick Govermnent, and no particular 
" Perfon is entitled to an Action, there an Information ivill lie." i Salk. 
374.— And that, " an Information hath not only fome-what in it of an 
" Indi^meJit to lay down the Offence in particular, but hath the Na- 
" ture of an Jlclhn alfo for the Party to demand his Due as in ano- 
*' ther A(5lion." Hob. 245. There are many other Authorities to the 
fame Import (3 Blackf. Com. 261, &c.) ; but what would have put the 
Matter out of all kind of Doubt with me, had I ever entertained any 
are the Opinions I have lately feen of two of the greateft Lawyers in 
England on this very Cafe, in which they both declare that " an In- 

*' formation is the proper Remedy to recover the Money." " By His Ma- 

" jefty's Prerogative (lays one of them) the Attorney-General of the 
" Province may file an Inform.ation for the King in Debt, for the King 
" has a Right to charge in that Form any Man who, by way of fimple 
" Contra(5t, or by any Means ivhatjoever ofTnfi, Damage, Duty Rent 
" Arrear, <h'c, becomes chargeable, but there is no Point of Doubt iri 
" the Cafe to be determined" They both likewife give it as their Opi- 
nion, that " the Removal of the Officer is by no Means neceffary to the 
" hiflitution or Profecution of the Suit." 

Another Objection is, That an Information cannot be browrht in this 
Cafe, in the Name or Behalf of the King, as the Money folen did not belong 
to the Croivn, but to the Publick, fubjecl to be hereafter difpofed of by 
ABs of the Legifature. 

Suppoling the Money not to have been granted to the Grown by any 
exprefs Words in the feveral A6ls by which it was direded to be print- 
ed and depoGted in the Treafury, and that the Crown had no particu- 
lar Right in it, yet, if the foregoing Authorities are to be relied on, an 
Information will lie, and is the proper Remedy, " wherever a Matter 
** concerns the pub lick Governtnent, and no particular Perfon is entitled to 
" an Adion." — The Acts themfelves, however, do fhew that the Money 
was made and granted entirely for raifing Troops and other Purpofes 
for His Majefty's Service ; and the ^ota Ad (paffed in the Year after 
the Robbery) declares that all the Money which was ftruck in the Co- 
lony during the laft War, was " for the Ufe of the Croivfi." 

Thefe are all the Objedions which I have heard to the Mode pro- 
pofed by the Council, and I cannot but believe that when they are 
rightly underflood they will not have any Weight even with the moft 
ignorant and credulous among the People. 

Having ftated the two different Methods of inflituting a Suit as pro- 
pofed by the Coxmcil and AiFembly, with the Objedions to each, and 
having I think fully obviated thofe made to the former, I fhall men- 
tion another Mode which, I underfland, has been deemed by fome of 

O o your 



150 VOTES, 8cc. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 

your Houfe as preferable to an Information. It is alledged that if a 
neiv Treafurer is appointed be may bring an A^ion againfl the prefent One 
for the Recovery of any Deficiency that may appear on the Settlement of his 
Accounts, in the fame Manner as a neiv Oveifeer of the Poor, &c. may 
bring an ABion againjl his Predeceffor in Office. But I apprehend this 
Opinion to be altogether founded on a Miftake. The new Overfeer derives 
his Power of calling the other to account, and demanding Payment of 
the Monies remaining in his Hands, by a particular Adl of Allembly. 
That there is any Adl which gives a new Provincial Treafurer fuch Pow- 
er is not, I believe, pretended ; and, in his private Capacity he can 
have no Right to fue any one on the publick Account. 

There remains now, Gentlemen, only one Matter more in either of 
the Reports or Meflage, refpecling this Subject, which I have not ani- 
madverted upon, and that is an Affertion in one of the former, " that 
" though this Affair of the Robbery of the Treafury happened above 
" five Years ago, no one Branch of the Legiflature except the Affembly 
(as your Committee recollect;) have ever pointed out one Method to fettle 
" the Dfptite, and thereby re-eftablifh the Peace of the Province." This 
Affertion of your Committee has received too all the Sanction which 
your Houfe could give it, the Report in which it is contained having 
been received without any Alteration, and ordered to be inferted on 
your Minutes. But what will the World think when they compare 
this Affertion with the Reports of the two Committees before quoted at 
large iu this Meffage, which both exprefsly mention that the Committee 
of Council PROPOSED rt^ the Conference an Infonnation as the proper Method 
of calling tlie Treafurer to account ? And what muff be their Opinion 
of thofe of the Committee who have fubfcribed their Names to this Af- 
fertion, and who were likewife Members of the Committee of Confer- 
ence ? It is in vain to plead Want of RecolleBion in a Matter fo recent, 
which at the Time excited fo much Attention, and which ftands record- 
ed on your Minutes of the laft Seffion. If fome of your Members pub- 
lickly pointed out the Faliity of this Affertion, and referred to thofe 
Minutes to prove it, before the Report was received by the Houfe, 
though this may exculpate them as Individuals, it certainly does not 
contribute to the Juftification of the Houfe in general, I am forry that 
you have put me under the NecefBty, in Vindication of myfelf and the 
Council, to take Notice of a Matter of this Nature. Nor am I lefs 
concerned to obferve other Mifreprefentations contained in that Report, 
the whole Tenure of virhich (as I may probably think it my Duty to 
fhew) is indeed injurious to me and His Majefty's Council, as well as 
to thofe Magiftrates and Officers of Government who had been a(fl:ive in 
taking thofe Affidavits and other Evidence relative to the Robbery of 
the Treafury, that I laid before you at the Opening of this Sefhon. A 
Matter of this Kind, however, may perhaps give you very little Un- 
eafinefs. The fame Committee who were able to convince you that 
there had yet appeared no fufficient Evidence to induce a Belief that 
Ford was concerned in the Robbery of the Treafury, may, by another 
happy Exertion of the fame Abilities, prove, as fatisfaclorily, that the 

above 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 151 



above AfTertion and the Reports of the Committees of Conference are in 
nowife contradictory. 

On the Whole, Gentlemen, I believe there never exifled a more un- 
neceflary Difpute between a Governor and an Aflembly than the pre- 
fent, AH you profefs to want is, that a Suit at Law may be inftituted 
to determine whether or not the Treafurer fhall be accountable for the 
Money llolen out of the Treafury ; and that Care may be taken to guard 
againft fuch Lofles hereafter. I think thefe Requefts highly reafonable, 
and am not only willing but defirous to co-operate with you in every 
Meafure which is necefTary or confiftent with Juftice. We differ, how- 
ever, as to the Mode of accomplifliing our mutual Pvu-pofe. But, fure- 
ly, it cannot be expedient to facritice ElTentials to a Difpute about 
Modes. The one I have adopted, by the unanimous Advice of His 
Majefty's Council, is entirely conformable to my own Judgment, and from 
which I cannot depart without deviating from the Line of my Duty. 
The one you have mentioned you are in no wife bound to adhere to ; 
it is liable to feveral very confiderable Objedllons ; and, if it were other- 
wife, could not nor can any Mode elfe, anfwer the Purpofe of calling 
the Treafurer to account better than an Infonnatmi. 

Let us then. Gentlemen, get over this difagreeable Affair, which fo 
much interrupts the Harmony that has hitherto, in general, fubfilted 
between me and the AfTemblies of this Province, and which it is fo 
much the Interefl of the Publick lliould be renewed and preferved. 
Do you provide a Sum fufficient to defray the Charges of the Profecu- 
tion, and I will appoint or engage fuch Council as you have a Confi- 
dence in, to afTift the Attorney-General in bringing the Adion and 
managing the Suit on the Part of the King. The Treafurer has de- 
clared he will concede a legal Demand and Refufal of the Money, and 
make any other ConcefTion that may be necefTary on his Part to bring 
it to a fair and fpeedy IfTue, fo that probably in a few Months it may 
receive a jufl and final Decifion. 

February i^th, 1774. ^m- FRANKLIN. 

On Motion made. 
That a MefTage be fent to His Excellency requefling he would be 
pleafed to favour the Houfe with the Opinions of two of the greatefl 
Lawyers in England mentioned in His Excellency's MefTage of the 14th 
Inftant, which he fays he has feen, and which he is pleafed to think 
fufficient to remove all Doubts, had he entertained any, in which they 
both declare an Information to be the proper Remedy ; if fuch Opinions 
he hath, and if he has not thofe Opinions, that he would be pleafed to 
inform the Houfe where they may obtain them, to enable the Houfe 
ferioufly to confider of his faid MefTage. 

The previous Queflion was demanded, whether the faid Queflion be 
now put or not I It was carried in the Affirmative : 

Yeas. 



IS2 VOTES, &c. e/'//:'^ General Assembly 0/ New-Jersey. 



Yeas. 
Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. mVzrf'j, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Pfl^y^*;;, 
Mr. 5y/(rj, 
Mr. Hincbnian, 
Mr. PnV^', 
Mr. G/^i^iow, 
Mr. i/o//«<r, 



Yeas. 
Mr. Hrt«d', 
Mr. Eldridgc, 
Mr. rz/f/ter, 
Mr. M£-/jf/w, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. £/;«fr, 
Mr. Taw i/£>r/i^. 



Nays- 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garriffe, 
Mr. i7/6^;-, 
Mr. /?sj, 
Mr. Demare/i, 
Col. P,^^, •" 

Mr. Hewlino-s, 
Mr. Pf/^;>/' 



Then the Queftion was put, whether a MeiTa^e fliall be ^en^ nn.r 
to the above Motion or not ? It pafTed in the Affirmative : ^ "' 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. iVfoor^j, 
Mr. T«;//or, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Dfj, 
Mr. Winds, 



Yeas. 

Kinfey, 



Mr. 

Mr. Paifon, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hinclwian, 
Mr Pr/Vf, 
Mr. G/T'Z'ow, 
Mr. Holme, 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



Yeas. 
Hand, 
Eldridge, 
Tucker, 
Mehelm, 
Sheppard, 
Elmer, 



Mr. Van Home. 



Nays. 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Demareji, 
Col, Porfl', 
Mr. Hewlinzs, 
Mr. P^////. 



Ordered, 

That Mr. Z)^j/, Mr. G//^^o« and Mr /r/«/>v Kp =, r^.^ ■ 
par»„d bHng in the Draught of a Mefl{f io^Hi: gcXT; a'° o^a^ 

Two Petitions were prefented to the Hnnfp r;^.^^ 1 u 
Freeholders and ,„ha£,ants of 'the Costs' TluIrZVJsT 
fettmg forth, that it is with the greatea Concern t?,7p!iv i A"' 

Difference fubfifting between L fevera^S^ncts of tt"? '^n'' "" 
on Account of the late Robbery of the Treafiirv Lv K u^*'""""'^ 
foraged arifes from its being in^fted u^o'T/T^ Ho fe of SrlM" 
that the Governor fhould remove the Faftern Tr^or. / Aliembly, 
before Convidion, and the T/eafurer reoueftlnT^^^^^^^^ ^\^^'' 

Trial by the Laws of his Country beforeTtSieded to "^^^p^T" 
or the Lofs of his Office ; that the Petitioners h. v. 1 7 ''^^^'^' 

their greatefl Happinefs 'to live ^nder STnmtutn w'teo'!;?'^ '' 
ry Subjea in his Perfon and Property until he 's^nftlv rl. !?l''^" 
of by a Trial of his Peers ; and praybV tLt no aS f.f T"^!? '^'T 
Government that will be of fo 'permits a ConCenc^ ' rh"' ^^ 
mflimg a Man before he is found guilty, by the raTof l r P^" 
and that the Houfe of AfTembly may make Provi^tn f K J''""''^ > 
ing, in a juft and equitable Manner! That unrpl Di^n ^ t'T^ 
fo long obllruaed the Publick Bufmefs, and^^^^t^v tc'.: ^"^^^^^^^ ^J^ 

reXlt^d'rr^ ^'^'^^^'^^^^^^^^ andTrdtftot 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Dey, from the Committee appointed for the Purpofe, brought in 

the 



i4th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 153 



the Draught of a MefTage to his Excellency, which was read, and 
agreed to by the Houfe, and the fame is as follows, viz. 

Ordered, House 0/" Assembly, Feb. 15, 1774, 

'~T^ HAT Mr. Elmer and Mr, Winds do wait on his Excellency and 
-■- inform him, that the Houfe, obferving that in his Meflage of 
Yefterday his Excellency was pleafed to mention that he had ieen the 
Opinions of two of the greateft Lawyers in England, in which they de- 
clare an Information to be the proper Remedy to recover the Money 
from the Eaftern Treafurer, which Opinions he thinks fufficient to have 
removed all Doubts on that Subjed, if before he had any— the 
Houfe conceiving thofe Opinions may enable them the better to 
form a Judgment on the Propriety of the Meafure pcnnted out by his 
Excellency in his faid MefTage—do therefore humbly requeft that he 
would be pleafed to favour them with thofe Opinions if he has them ; 
or that if he has them not, that he would inform the Houfe where 
thofe Opinions may be had, to enable them more fully to confider that 
Part of his Excellency's Meflage. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

RICHARD SMITH, C\Qvk. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Freeholders 
and Inhabitants of the County of Burlington, fetting forth Reafons 
againft a Law for building a Bridge over Affifcunk Creek, in the City 
of Burlington ; the fame was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from 27 reputable Freeholders 
and others, inhabiting in and about Trenton, praying, that the Le- 
giflature will grant an immediate Trial to the Eaftern Treafurer, as he 
has repeatedly prayed for ; the faid Petition was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

Mr. Elmer reported, that Mr. Winds and himfelf delivered the Mef- 
fage of the Houfe with them intrufted to his Excellency, who was 
pleafed to fay, that the Houfe fliould hear from him. 

Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Skinner defiring the Houfe would appoint fome pif^ 

other Perfon or Perfons to Revife and Reprint the Laws of the Province, ^ - <- 

and informing the Houfe that Samuel Allinfon, Efq. was willing to un- ^^ ^ 

dertake the fame; /?--^/ 

Refolved, /c^ / 

That the faid Samuel Allinfon be appointed to that Service, and x\\?it7-^^- . 
the Houfe of AlTembly will pay to the faid Samuel Allinfon fuch Con-/^'''^^ 
fideration, when the Work is completed, for his examining the Laws, 
infpedting the Prefs, forming an Index, Printing and Binding, and all 
extraordinary Trouble he may be put to in performing this Service, as 
he fliall make appear to the Houfe of Afiembly the faid Work fliall 
Merit. 

Ordered, 
That when the faid Laws are printed and neatly Bound in Calffkin, 
and Lettered, that the faid Samuel Allinfon do deliver, to be paid for by 
this Colony, P p To 



15-4 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



To his Excellency the Governor, — — 2 

To each of the Gentlemen of the Council one, 12 

To the Committee of Correfpondence for the Ufe of the Agent, 2 

To each of the Judges of the Supreme Court one, 3 

To the Clerk of the Supreme Court, — — 2 

To each of the Treafurers one, — — 2 

To the Attorney-General one, i 

To the Clerk of the Council 2 

To the Clerks of the All'embly for their own Ufe, each one, 2 

To the faid Clerks for the Ufe of the Houfe — 4 



32 



To the Members of the Houfe of AfTembly as follows, 

Middlefex 30 

Monmouth 23 

EJex ■ — 23 

Somerfet ■ 23 

Bcrgeti — — 20 

Alorris — i — 20 

Burlington — — 41 

Gloucejler — — — 32 

Salem 32 

Cape- May — — — 14 

Hunterdon — — 38 

Cumberland — - 16 

Sujex — , - 38 



360 

And the Members of the Houfe, when they receive thofe ordered for 
the faid Counties, are to diftribute them as follows, viz. 

To the Members of the prefent Houfe of Aflembly each one. 

To the Clerk of each County one, for the Ufe of the Court and 
himfelf. 

To the Clerk of each Corporation Seffions one, to the Ufe of the Cor- 
poration Court and himfelf. 

To the Clerk of each Precincfl one, for the continual Ufe of the In- 
habitants of the Precincl, and to be tranfmitted to his Succeflbr in 
Office. 

To the Collector of each County one, to be tranfmitted to his Suc- 
cefTor, for the Ufe of the Office. 

To the Alfeffiir of each Precindl one, to be tranfmitted to his Succef- 
for, for the Ufe of the Office. 

To the Overfeers of the Poor of each City, Borough, Townfhip or 
Precind: one, to be tranfmitted to their Succeffors in Office. 

To the Boards of Juftices and Freeholders refpedlively, for the Ufe of 
the Board one. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'clock To-morrow Morning. 

Wednefday^' 



i^tb G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 155 

Wednefday, February 16, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill, Re-engrofTed with the Council's Amendments, entitled, An 
A61: to enable fundry Perfons Proprietors and Pojfejfors of certain Lands 
and Meadoivs lying upon the Walkill, in the County of Suffex, comtnonly 
called and knoivn by the Name of the Drowned Lands, to drain the fame^ 
and for other Piirpofes therein mentioned^ was read and compared ; 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 
Ordered^ 

That Mr. Pettit and Mr. Van Home do carry the faid Bill to the 
Covmcil. 

Mr. Hinchman, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, An 
K&.for the more equitable Manutnifjtofi of Sla'uesy and other Purpofes con- 
ceriimg them, was re-committed, reported the fame with feveral Amend- 
ments thereto, and the faid Bill was read with the Amendments in 
their Places ; then the feveral Petitions for and againfl the more eafy 
Manumiffion of Slaves, were read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered^ 

That the faid Bill, together with the faid Petitions, be referred to 
the next SelTion of General Affembly for further Confideration : 

Whereupon the Queftion was put, whether the faid Bill be printed 
with the Votes of the prefent SefTion or not ? It was carried in the 
Affirmative : 



Yeas. 


Yeas. 


Yeas. 


Nays. 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. Holme, 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Lawrence, 


Mr. Hewlings, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. Fijhcr, 


Mr. Paxfo}i, 


Mr. Mchelm, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. Sheppard, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Dh, 


Mr. Hinchman, 


Mr. Elmer, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Col. Ford, 


Mr. Frice, 


Mr. Van Home, 


■ Mr. Demarejt, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. Gibbon, 


Mr. Tettit. 


Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge. 



Ordered, 
That the faid Bill be printed with the Votes accordingly. 

The Petition from Sarah Ely, Ifaac De Conv and Da'uid Brearley, jun. 
praying Leave to bring in a Bill for their Relief with Refpedl to the 
Lofs of two Title Deeds by Fire, was read the fecond Time, and feve- 
ral Affidavits and Proofs relative to the fame, were alfo read ; 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill for the Purpofe 
aforefaid : 

Whereupon Mr. Tucker, on Behalf of the Petitioners, brought in a 
Bill, entitled, An A61 to relieve Sarah Ely, Ifaac De Cow and David 
Brearley, jun. with Refpecl to the Lofs of tivo Title Deeds by Fire ; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The feveral Petitions from the County of Morris, praying that Money 
at Interefl: may be taxed, were read the fecond Time j on the Queftion, 

whether 



156 FOTESy Sec. of /^f General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



whether the Prayer of the Petitioners be granted or not ? It paffed in 
the Negative. 
Ordered, 
That the faid Petitions do he on the Table. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from 34 reputable Freeholders 
and Inhabitants of the Counties of Somerfet and Middlefex, fhewing that 
it is with the greateft Concern the Petitioners obferve the Difpute on the 
late Robbery of the Treafury, which appears to them greatly to im- 
pede the publick Bufinefs ; and that in their Opinion the Houfe ought 
to oppofe every Meafure that tends to deftroy that mofl valuable Privi- 
lege of the Subjeft, to ivit, a Trial by his Peers ; and praying that the 
Requeft of the Eaflern Treafurer may be granted, fo that he may have 
a fair Trial by his Country, before any Cenfure is pafTed on him, and 
before he is deprived of his Office ; the Petition was read, and ordered 
a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, F. ill 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented from fundry Freeholders and Inhabitants 
of the Townfhip of Springfield^ in the County of Burlington, fetting forth 
Reafons againft building a Bridge over Ajjtfcunk Creek, as prayed for 
by other Petitioners ; the fame was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from a large Number of Free- 
holders and other Inhabitants of the County of Sujex, fetting forth 
the Diftrefles which this Colony fuffers for Want of a Paper Currency, 
and praying that a competent Sum of Paper Money may be ftruck, 
and let out on Loan ; which Petition was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

A Meflage from his Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

Mr. Speaker, 
'Tp H E Governor is in the Council-Chamber, ready to receive the 
-■- Houfe with their Addrefs ; 

Whereupon Mr. Speaker left the Chair, and, with the Houfe, went 
to wait upon his Excellency ; and being returned, Mr. Speaker refumed 
the Chair, and reported that the Houfe had waited upon his Excellency 
with their Addrefs, in the Words following, 'viz. 

To His Excellency WILLIAM F R A N K L I N, £/^. Captain-General, 
Governor and Commander in Chief in and over His Majeflys Colony of 
Nova-Csefarea or New-Jerfey, and Territories thereon depending in 
America, Chancellor and Vice-Admiral in the fame. Sec. 

The Humble ADDRESS of the Representatives of the faid 
Colony, in General Aflembly convened. 

May it pleafe your Excellency, 

WE, His Majefly's dutiful and loyal Subjedls, the Reprefenta- 
tives of the Colony of New-Jerfey, in General Affembly con- 
vened, fenfible of the Advantages arifing from the Detedion of the 

Gangs 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 157 

Gangs of Villains concerned in the making of a bafe Kind of Half Jo- 
hannes's and Spanijlo Dollars, and in the counterfeiting of the Paper 
Currency of this and the neighbouring Colonies, receive with Pleai'ure 
your Excellency's Congratulations on the Stop which has been put to 
the further Progrefs of thofe atrocious Crimes. 

Though it gives us Concern to hear of the Efcape of Tome of each 
Gang, yet as we hope thofe Efcapes have not happened through the 
Neglect of any of the Officers of this Government, or if that has been the 
Cafe, that a Matter of fo much Importance to the due Execution of 
Juftice has not only been fully inquired into, but alfo punilhed in an 
exemplary Manner — we are fatisfied with, and return your Excellency 
our Thanks for the Aflurance which you have been pleafed to give us 
that no Endeavours on your Part flaall be wanting to have thofe who 
efcaped apprehended and brought to lutlice. 

It would give us Pleafure to be able to join your Excellency in Opi- 
nion, that the Robbery of the Eaftern Treafury had been brought to 
Light ; but, after having confidered your Excellency's Meflage of the 
29th of Novemher^ and examined the Papers laid before us, we cannot 
but think that this Affair ftill remains in an Obfcurity which we mult 
leave to Time to unravel. 

We have taken into our Confideration the Requifitions made to fup- 
port Government, and to fupply the King's Troops ftationed in this 
Colony, and have already come to fuch Refolutions as the Honour of 
the Province, and our Duty, feem at prefent to require. 

Being perfuaded that Nothing has " a Chance to contribute more" to 
the Promotion of the publick Welfare, than a Harmony between the fe- 
veral Branches of the Legiflature, we thank your Excellency for the Pro- 
mile you are plealed to give, to cultivate it as much as is in your 
Power ; and we hope that you will always find us difpofed to do every 
Thing which can be reafonably afked, that may have a Tendency to 
preferve the Harmony which you are pleafed to mention to us as pro- 
du6live of Happinefs to yourfelf, and may be of real Benefit to the 
Colony. 

By Order of the Houfe^ 

■ ^Teb.t!'^^^^^^'} CORTLAND SKINNER, Speaker. 

To which His Excellency was pleafed to make the following Anfwer. 

Gentlemen, 
JAM happy to find that my Speech contained any Thing which you 
•*• could " receive with Pleafure," and I fhould have been flill happier 
had you (as the Council did) bellowed your Commendations on thofe 
publick-fpirited Gentlemen to whofe a6live Zeal and Abilities you, and 
the Publick in general, are indebted for the Occafion of thofe Congra- 
tulations which have met with fo pleafing a Reception in your Houfe. 

But I am forry to obferve that though you are not difpofed to approve, 
yet you have no Averfion to infiauate Charges againft the Officers of 
Government. What Officers you allude to, as having through Ne- 
gligence been the Means of letting fome of each Gang efcape, I know 

Q^ q not. 



ij-S VOTES, &c. of //jf General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



not. Every one, I believe, of the Gang of Coiners that was taken, was 
tried, and fuch of them as were convided were punifhed. Thofe of 
them who efcaped out of the Province were never in the Cuftody of any 
Officer, but went oflFasfoon as they heard their Pradices were difcover- 
ed. Nor has there more than one of thofe who were apprehended for 
being concerned in the Counterfeiting Bufinefs efcaped from any Officer 
of Government, and that Officer, an Under-Sheriff, was foon after re- 
moved by his Superior. But as I afterwards received a Reprefentatioa 
from the Under-Sheriff containing fundry Charges againft the High- 
Sheriff's Condud on that Occalion, I ordered him to be furniflied with 
a Copy of it, and to let me know what he had to offer in his Vindica- 
tion. This he did in a Letter or Memorial, accompanied with fun- 
dry Affidavits, which I laid before the Council, who were of Opinion 
that the Charges contained in the Reprefentation were not fupported. 
However, being informed that a Bill of Indidment was found by the 
Grand-Jury o^ Morris againft the Sheriff refpeding the Efcape of Ford, 
Orders were given to the Attorney-General to profecute the fame at the 
next Court. If you know of any other Officer of Government who is fup- 
pofed to have been remifs in his Duty in that important Affair, it would 
become you better to name him to me, that I may caufe a particular In- 
quiry to be made into his Condud, than to throw out a general Infi- 
nuation which may happen to be applied to the innocent as well as to the 
guilty. Had you not refufed to enable me to fend in Purfuit of thofe 
who efcaped from Juftice, my Endeavours to have them apprehended 
might ere now have been attended with the defired Succefs ; — at lead 
the Attempt would have been a Means of deterring others from the 
like Pradice.'-, and the Expence to the Province would have been too 
trifling to merit Confideration. 

I can, at prefent, only judge of the " Pleafiire it would give you to 
" be able to join me in Opinion that the Robbery of the Eaftern Trea- 
" fury had been brought to Light," by the great Pains which have 
been taken by a Committee of your Houfe to prove the contrary, and 
your Approbation of their Report. But I have neverthelefs Reafon to 
think, Gentlemen, that it will not be long before thofe dark Clouds 
which your Committee have raifed to obfcure that Light, will be fo 
effedually difperfed, as to afford you an Opportunity of enjoying the 
Pleafure you mention. 

I fhould have had more Satisfadion in your Refolutions to fupport 
Government and to fupply the King's Troops, had it not been for an 
Intimation in a Meffage which I have fince received from you, that your 
" fublequent Condud in fome Meafure depends, on my Determina- 
*' tion" refpeding the Removal of the Eaflern Treafurer. It is there- 
fore proper that I now tell you, that though you fliould with-hold the 
neceffary Supplies for Government, yet, if you hope, by fo arbitrary an 
Exercife of your Power, to compel me to ad contrary to my own Judg- 
ment, and the unanimous Advice of the Council, you will find your- 
felves greatly difappointed in your Expedations. — While I conceive that I 
am contending for a Matter that is juft and reafonable, and which not 
only concerns the Honour of Government, but the conftitutional Rights 

of 



r 



lA^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 159 

of every Freeman in the Colony, I cannot ail fo inconfiftently with my 
Duty as to give it up. 

I Ihall be happy to fee the Difpofition you profefs " to do every Thing 
" which can be reafonably afked that may have a Tendency to preferve 
" Harmony," matiifefted in the future Tranfadions of this Seffion. 
You may be affured that I fhall not a£k any Thing of you but what 
you may grant confiftently with your Duty, and that I fhall always be 
ready tP oblige you and the Province in every Thing that is not 
inconfiftent with mine. 

His Excellency's MefTage of the 14th Inftant was read the fecondTime. 
()7-dered^ 

That Mr. Lawrence, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Paxfon, Mr. Dey, Mr. Combs^ 
Mr. Price, Mr. Hinchman, Mr. Kinjey, and Mr. Sjkes, be a Committee to 
prepare and bring in the Draught of an Anfwer to His Excellency's 
laid Meflage. 

Two Petitions were prefented to the Houfe from a confiderable Num- 
ber of reputable Freeholders and Inhabitants of the Townfhip of Manf- 
feld, in the County of Burlington, fetting forth fundry Reafons againfl 
building a Bridge over Affifcunk Creek, in the City of Burlington ; the 
fame were read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A MelTage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

A M E s s A G E to the Assembly. 
Gentkfjien, 
'Tp H E Opinions you requefl are not at my Difpofal. They were ob- 
-■■ tained by a Gentleman in England for his private Satisfadlion, at 
bis own Expence, and were fent over to his Friend in this Province, 
who fome Time fince, communicated them to me. With his Leave I 
made the Exrradls which are given in my MelTage. The Queflions on 
which thofe Opinions are founded were all that materially concerned 
the Points in Difpute between us. That you may fee that they were 
fairly put, I fhall fubjoln them, with the Anfwers. — It appeared to me 
,that the Cafe was impartially ftated, and that every Fadt mentioned 
therein could be fully fupported by your Minutes. I have no Right to 
require the Gentleman to furnifli me with a Copy of the Cafe and 
Opinions at large, nor do I think it reafonable to requefl: it of him, any 
more than I think it would be right in me to require or requefl: you to fur- 
nilh that Gentleman with the Cafe and Opinions which I underftand that 
you, or fome of your Members, have been at the Expence and Trouble 
of obtaining from England on this Occafion. But to evinte my Readi- 
nefs to oblige yau as far as may be in my Power, if you will fur- 
nifli me with the Cafe and Opinions procured by your Members, or " in- 
" form me where they may be had," I will endeavour to obtain thofe 
vou requefl:, in Return. The Gentleman who is pofTefTed of that from 
which I quoted may, perhaps, have no Objection to fuch an Exchange, 
though he may not be inclined to gratify an ufelefs Curiofity. I call 
it ufelefs, becaufe the Merits of the Queftion no Way depend upon thefe 
extrajudicial Opinions ; neither have I defired, nor do I defire you to rely 

upon 



i6o VOTES, &c. o/' //7(? General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



upon them farther than you think they are juft. The Points I have 
infifted upon are, as I contend, conformable to the Laws of the Land 
and I have not only given you Authorities from Law Books in Sup- 
port of my Opinion on one of them, but I have offered to give up the 
Matter in Difpute if any Gentlemen of Character who are verfed in the 
Pradice, will declare under their Hands that the other is not Law. Not 
that I believe fuch Opinions would much alter my Judgment in this 
Cafe, even if they were from the very refpedable Gentlemen who gave 
thofe I quoted ; but as I am convinced that no honeft Man learned in 
that Profeffion, would ever fubfcribe his Name to what is fo evident- 
ly repugnant to Reafon and Common Senfe. 

Feb. i6, 1774. Wm- FRANKLN. 

Extradl from a Case, 6'^. refpeding the Eaflern Treafurer. 
" It is afked, 

" ift. ^j the Moneys Jiolen ivere exprefsly given to the Crown and lodg" 
" ed in the Treajury, to be dfaivn out as Exigencies of Govermnent JJjould 
" require. Whether an AStion at the Suit of the King, and -what Aciion 'will 
" legally determine betiveen the King, the People, and the Treafurer ? " 

" Answer, By His Majefty's Prerogative, the Attorney-General of 
" the Province may file Information for the King in Debt, for the King 
*' has a Right to charge in that form any Man, who, by AVay of fim- 
" pie Contrad, or by any Means whatfoever of Truft, Damage, Duty, 
" Rent-Arrear, Sec. becomes chargeable, but there is no Point of-Doubt 
*' in the Cafe to be determined." 

Extradl from another Anfwer to the fame Queflion — " I am of 
*' Opinion that an Information on the Part of the Crown is the proper 
" Remedy to recover it." — 

" Question 2d. Whether fuch Suit cannot be injlituted for determin- 
" iyig this Matter ivithout removing the Treafurer from his Office ? 

" Answer. It certainly may." 

Another Answer to the fame Question — " The Removal of the 
" Officer is by no means neceffary to the Inflitution at Profecution of 
" the Suit." 

The fame was read, and ordered to be read a fecond Time. 
The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Thiirfday, February 17, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 
On Motion made, 
His Excellency's Anfwer to the Addrefs of the Houfe was again read : 
Then his Excellency's Meffage of Yeflerday Afternoon was read the 
fecond Time : 
Ordered, 
That the faid Anfwer and Meffage be committed to the Committee 
appointed to prepare the Draught of an Anfwer to his Excellency's 
Meffage of the 14th InOiant. A 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. i6i 



A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from divers Freeholders and In- 
habitants of the County of Burlington, as was another from feveral Free- 
holders inhabiting in the County of Monmouth and elfewhere, fetting 
forth that the late A61 of AlTembly, refpecling broad-wheeled Car- 
riages, is not fully carried into Execution, by Reafon of the Unwil- 
lingnefs of Perfons to lodge Informations againfl; thofe who violate the 
faid Adl; and praying a Law to enforce the faid Ac\, either by taxing 
thofe who ufe narrow Fellies, and to apply faid Taxes to the Repair of 
the Roads, or in fuch other Way as to the Legiflature fhall feem meet ; 
thefe two Petitions were read, and ordered to be read a fecond Time. 

A Memorial was prefented to the Houfe from the Honourable Sis'^hen 
Skinner, Efquire, Treafurer of the Eaflern Divifion, praying the Houfe 
to take his repeated Requefl of having the Difpute, occafioned by the 
Robbery of the Treafury, determined by the Laws of his Country, into 
ferious Coniideration ; the fame was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Bill, entitled, An h^ more effeEliially to pre'vent unlaijoful killing 
of Horjes and horned Cattle in this Colony, was read the fecond Time, 
amended in the Houfe, and the Title altered, being now entitled. An 
A(5l tnore effectually to prevent the malicious, unlaivful and ivilful killings 
maiming, ivounding or disjiguring of Horfes, Sheep or horned Cattle in this 
Colony ; on the Queftion, whether the Bill as amended be engrolTed or 
not ? It was carried in the Affirmative, Nem. Con. 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill as amended be engrofled. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled. An A61 more effeSiually to prevent the 
malicious, unlanvful and ivilful killing, maiming, ivounding or disfiguring 
of Horfes, Sheep or honied Cattle in this Colony, was read and compared ; 
on the Qiieftion, 
Refol'ved, 
That the faid Bill do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Winds and Mr. Van Home do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. 

The Petition from Abraham Say re and others, praying for his En- 
largement from Effex Gaol, together with the Papers accompanying the 
fame, was read the fecond Time; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition do lie on the Table. 

Mr. Hinchman, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, A 
fupplementary Adl to an AB, entitled. An Adl for laying a Duty on the 
Purchafers of Slaves imported into this Colony, was committed, re- 
ported the fame, and the Bill being read j 

R r Ordered^ 



i62 VOTES, &c. &/"//??/? General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 

Ordered, 
That the fame be referred to the next Seffion of Aflembly. 

On a Motion made, 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fiy/jer, Mr. Pax/on, Mr. Mehelm and Mr. Elmer, be a 
Committee to prepare and bring in a Bill for fecuring the pubHck Mo- 
jjies that now are or hereafter may be in the Treafury of this Colony. 

Mr. Winds reported, that Mr. Van Home and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council, 

Mr. Pettit reported, that Mr. Van Home and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Friday y Fehruaiy 1 8, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The Petition from John Ruth, Prifoner in Burlington Gaol, praying 
a Difcharge from Confinement, was read the fecond Time; on the 
Queftion, 

Ordered, 

That the faid Petition do lie on the Table. 

The Petition from the Inhabitants of the Weftern Precincft of the 
County of SoDierfet, praying to be excufed from maintaining Stony-Brook 
Bridge, and the Landing Bridge, and Boundbrook Bridge over Raritan^ 
was read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That the fame be referred to the next Seffion. 

The feveral Petitions from Burlington County, and Monmouth County, 
refpecfting broad-wheeled Carriages, were read the fecond Time, and 
referred to the next Seffion of Aflembly. 

The Memorial from the Honourable Stephen Skinner, Efquire, Trea- 
furer of the Eaftern Divifion, was read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Memorial be entered upon the Journals of this Houfe, 
and the fame is as follows, viz. 

To the Honourable the Houseo/'Asseivibly o/the Province of New- Jerfey. 

The MEMORIAL of Stephen Skinner, Treafurer of the 
Eaftern Divifion of the Province of A'^fw-J^f//^/, 

Humbly Jljeiveth, 

'~r^ HAT your Memorlallft begs Leave once more to renew his earn- 
•*■ eft Application, entreating the Houfe to take his repeated Requeft 
of having the Difpute, occafioned by the Robbery of the Treafury, de- 
termined by the Laws of his Country, Into ferious Confideration ; and 
declaring on his own Part, that, flapuld the Houfe apprehend any 

Inconvenience 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 163 



Inconvenience to the People from a Suit at Law in the ordinary Way, 
your Memorialiflis ready and willing to enter into any juft and equitable 
Mode of determining this Matter — that he a£ks nothing that can or 
will be inconliftent with natural Juftice, and therefore he will agree 
upon any proper Method of giving this Matter a full, juft and equita- 
ble Determination — and that for this Purpofe he will give any Security 
that can be reafonably afked to ftand to, and abide fuch Determination— 
And as Confent will take away all Error, he prefumes and hopes that 
the Houfe will at length come to fuch Refolution concerning this Af- 
fair as may remove every Difficulty, and make way at laft for a fpee- 
dy, fair and equitable Trial ; and your Memorialift, at the fame Time, 
repeats his former Aflurances to the Houfe, in the moft folemn Man- 
ner, that, fhould the impartial Voice of his Country upon fuch a Trial 
convldl him of Negleft of Duty in the Care and Management of the 
publick Money, he will then without Delay or Hefitation relign his 
Office ; and that this his Memorial be entered on the Minutes of the 
Houfe. 

BuRL.NGTOK, r.5r«<7ry ? STEPHEN SKINNER. 

17. 1774- J 

On the Queftion, whether the Memorial be referred to the Committee 
appointed to prepare and bring in the Draught of an Anfwer to his 
Excellency's MelTage of the 14th luftanc, or not ? It palled in the 
Affirmative. 
Ordered, 

That the fame be referred to the faid Committee accordingly. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M, 
The Houfe met. 

The Bill, entitled, An AS: for the Support of Government of HisMajeflys 
Colony of New-Jerfey, to commence the firf Day of Odober One Thoufand 
Seven Hundred and Seventy-three, and to end thefirfl Day o/^06lober One 
Thoufand Seven Hundred and Seventy-four, and to df charge the publick 
Debts and cotitingent Charges thereof, was read the fecond Time, and 
committed to a Committee of the whole Houfe ; 
Refolved, 

That this Houfe will go into a Committee of the whole Houfe upon 
the faid Bill on Monday next, at Two o'Clock, P. M. 

Mr. Van Home had Leave of Abfence upon urgent BuQnefs until 
Monday Afternoon next. 

Mr. Fi/ljer, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, Jn Acfl 
for the more effectual Prevention of Lotteries, Horferacing, Cockfghtingy 
and Shoot i7tgmatches ivithin this Colony ; and to prevent the Sale of 
Tickets in Lotteries erecled out of the Colony, and for other Purpofes here- 
in mentioned, was committed, reported the fame with feveral Amend- 
ments, and the Title altered, being now entitled, An Adl iuore effectual- 
ly to prevent the erecting of Lotteries ^ and felling of Lottery Tickets 
ivithin this Colony. 

The 



164 VOTES, Sec. of the Gesekal Assembly 0/" New-Jersey. 



The faid Bill was read with the Amendments in their Places ; and 
the Bill being further amended in the Houfe, on the Queflion, 
Ordered, 
That the faid Bill as amended be engrofTed. 

Col. Ford, with Leave of the Houfe, brought in a Bill, entitled, An 
AO: more effeciually to pre'uent Horferacing, Cockfightmg and Gaming 
ivithm this Colony, which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 
A MefTage from the Council by Mr. Laivrence, acquainting the Houfe, 
-^^ that the Council have paffed the Bill, entitled, An Adl to impoxuer 
the Inhabitants of the ToivnfJnps of Elfinborough, Pilefgrove and Pittf- 
grove, in the County of Salem, to repair their piiblick Highivays by HirCy 
and to raife Money for that Purpofe, and the Bill, entitled, An Acfl to re- 
gulate the Packing of Beef and Pork, and to af certain the Size of Cajks^ 
without any Amendments. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Saturday, February ip, 1774, 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Laivrence, from the Committee to whom the Eaflern Treafurer's 
Memorial of the 1 7 th Inftant was referred, made their Report in the 
following Words, 'viz. 

"117" E have taken into our Confideration the Memorial of the Eaflern 
^^ Treafurerof the 17th of February I1']'\, referred to us by the 
Houfe, and beg Leave to Report, 

That we apprehend the Memorial to be too uncertain for the Houfe 
to put any Dependence on it, and calculated rather to lead the good 
People of the Colony into an unfavourable Opinion of the Houfe, than 
really to obtain a fair, jufl and equitable Trial. 

The Houfe of Reprefentatives have no Power to order any Trial at all ; 
and, as they at their lafl: SefTions declared they could not join in a Pro- 
fecution until he was removed from his OiEce, and the publick Money 
put in other Hands ; fo your Committee at prefent do think it will be 
prejudicial to the Colony to go into any Trial whilfl the Eaflern 
Treafurer is in OfEce. 

To refign when convidled of Negligence, when the Houfe has de- 
clared they know of no civil Suit in which it can with Propriety be 
brought in Queftion, is a Promife to which the Houfe ought not to 
pay any Regard ; and a Confent to go to a Trial on fuch Promife, carries 
with it an Appearance of an Acquiefcence with the Eaflern Treafurer's 
being continued in his Office, which your Committee are of Opinion the 
Houfe ought not to give the leafl Room to fuppofe. 

If he is really defirous to comply with every pradlicable Method as 
is exprefTed in his Memorial of the 6th of December 1773, or with 
any equitable Mode as is mentioned in the prefent Memorial, he ought 
to refign his Office, which will enable the Houfe to point out a 

pra(5licable 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 165 



pradlicable Method in which they think he will have a fair and 
impartial Trial. 

The Treafurer's Refufal to refign his Office, when by his own Account 
he has lofl upwards of £. 6000, and perfifting in his Refufal againft 
the Inclinations of the Reprefentatives, in the Opinion of your Com- 
mittee, has an unfavourable Appearance; but as we look on ourfelves to 
be under an Obligation to coniider the Language of his Memorials 
when we prepare a Draught of an Anfvver to the Meffage of the Gover- 
nor on the 14th Inftant, and to point out the particular laftances of 
Negligence appearing from the Affidavits, and which occur to the Me- 
mory of fuch of the Houfe as were prefent at the Examination at Amboy 
in 1770, your Committee beg Leave only to add that they are of Opi- 
nion the faid Memorial ought to be rejefted — all which they fubmit to 
the Houfe. 

On the Queftion, whether the faid Report fliall be received and enter- 
ed on the Journals of the Houfe or not ? It was carried in the Affirma- 
tive as follows, to nvit. 



Yeas. 


Yeas. 




Yeas. 


Nays. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Paxfo?i, 


Mr. 


Mehelm, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. 


Sheppard, 


Mr Garritje, 


Mr. Meores, 


Mr. Hinchmattf 


Mr. 


Elmer. 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. Price, 






Mr. Demareji, 


Mr. Lawrence, 


Mr. Ho/me, 






Col. Ford, 


Mr. Dey, 


Mr. Ha?id, 






Mr. HewlingSf 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. Eldridge, 






Mr. Pettit. 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. Tucker^ 






_ 



I Refolded, 
That it is the Opinion of the prefent, as well as that of the late Houfe 
of AfTembly, that the Eaftern Treafurer hath not kept the publick 
Money with proper Care. 



Yeas. 
Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Dey, 

Refol'ued, 



Yeas. 

Col. Ford, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Pax/on, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Price, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer. 



Nays. 

Mr. Crarte, 
Roy, 

Demareji, 
HewlingSf 
Pettit. 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



That it is the Opinion of this Houfe that the Eaftern Treafurer 
ought not to be trufted in future with the Care of the publick Money. 



Yeas. 

Mr. 
Mr. 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



Combs, 

Wetherill, 

Moores, 

Taylor, 

Lawrence, 

Dey, 

Winds, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Kinfey, 
Paxfon, 
Sykes, 
Hinchman, 
Price, 
Holme, 
Hand, 



Yeas. 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 



Eldridge, 

Tucker, 

Mehelm, 

Sheppard, 

Elmer. 



S f 



Nays. 

Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Demareji, 
Col. Ford, 
Mr. HewlingSf 
Mr. Pettit. 

3 Refohed^ 



i66 VOTES, &:c. o/" f/^f General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 






Refol'ved^ 
That this Houfe cannot, confident with their Duty, confent to a Law 
to put any Money into his Hands. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 

Mr. Wetherill, 

Mr. Moores, 

Mr. Taylor, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Pax/on, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hincbman, 



_Mr. Laivrencc, Mr. Price, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer. 



Mr. D^f, 
Mr. rnVjo^j, 



Mr. Ho/;h^, 
Mr. Hand, 



Nays. 

Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garrit/e, 
Mr. i^oy, 
Mr. Demarejt, 
Col. Fcr^, 
Mr. Heivlings, 
Mr. P^/W. 



4. Rejohued, 
That by the Laws already pafTed the Legiflature, and now in Force, 
the Eaftern Treafurer (unlefs removed from his Office) will annually 
receive upwards of Se'uen Thoufand Pounds of the Publick Money for 
above eight Years to come ; and that his Continuance in Office, and 
thereby permitting him to receive thofe confiderable Sums, is much to 
the Dilfatisfacflion of the good People of this Colony. 



Yeas. 


Yeas. 


Yeas. 


Nays. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. Eldridge, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. Pax/on, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Garrit/e, 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. Mehelm, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. Hincbman, 


Mr. Sheppard, 


Mr. Demarejty 


Mr. Lawrence, 


Mr. Price, 


Mr. Elmer. 


Col. fbr^. 


Mr. Dcy, 


Mr. Holme, 




Mr. Heivlings, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. Hand, 




Mr. P,f«//. 



5. Refohed, 
That the Negligence of the Eaftern Treafurer in keeping the Publick 
Money, whereby a Lofs of Six Thoufand Pounds and upwards — the 
General Diffatisfadion of the People — and the Requeft of their Repre- 
fentatives — are, in the Opinion of this Houfe, fufficient Reafons for his 
Removal, and that the Refufal greatly tends to the Prejudice of his 
Majefty's Service. 



Yeas. 


Yeas. 




Yeas. 


Nays. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. 


Eldridge, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. Paxfon, 


Mr. 


Tucker, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. 


Mehelm, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. Hinchman, 


Mr. 


Sheppard, 


Mr. Demarejly 


Mr. Lawrence, 


Mr Price, 


Mr. 


Elmer. 


Col. Ford, 


Mr. Dfv, 


Mr. Holme, 






Mr. Hewlings, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. Hand, 






Mr. P^//;/. 



6. Refolded, 

That this Houfe, having twice requefted the Removal of the Eaftern 

Treafurer of his Excellency to no Purpole, do proteft againft the ill 

Confequences that may follow by fuch his Continuance in Office, and 

are of Opinion, that if any Damage fhould hereafter enfue to his 

Majefty's 



14/A G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 167 



Majefty's Service, or any future Lofs accrue thereby, it ought to lie at 
the Door of thofe who continue him in Office, and not to this Houfe, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Winds, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Faxfon, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Trice, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer. 



Nays. 

Mr. Cranef 

Mr. Garritfe, 

Mr. iicv, 

Mr. Demareji, 

Col. i^9r^, 

Mr. HeivUngs, 

Mr. Pf////. 



7. Refolved, 
That his Excellency having refufed to remove the Eaftern Treafurer, 
it is the Opinion of this Houfe, that a Petition be prefented to the 
King, moft humbly requefting that he would gracioufly be pleafed to 
grant the good People of this Province Redrefs of the Grievances the 
Colony labours under on Account of their Treafury. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Uoores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Winds, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Kinfey^ 
Mr. Pax/on, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Hand, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer. 



Nays. 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Demarejly 
Col. Ffir^, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Pf//;/. 



A MeiTage from the Council by Mr. Parker. 

Ordered, Council-Ch AMBER, Feb. 18, 1774. 

'np' HAT Mr. Parker do carry the Bill, entitled, An A(5l ;«orf 'S^^'^' 
-*■ tually to pu7ii/]3 the Counterfeiters of foreign Gold and Silver Coinsy 
8cc. with the Amendments thereto annexed, to the Houfe of AiTembly, 
and defire their Concurrence in the faid Amendments. 

Bj Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT. 

Thereupon the faid Bill was read, with the Amendments in their 
Places, and upon the Queftion feverally put, upon the faid Amend' 
ments, the Houfe agreed to the laft, but difagreed to all the others, 
and in thofe Parts adhere to the Bill. 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Sykes and Mr. Pettit do carry back the faid Bill and 
Amendments to the Council, and acquaint them thereof. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning, Nine o'Clock. 

Monday, February 21, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The EngrolTed Bill, entitled, An Ad. fnore effe^ually to prevent th 

evening 



i68 VOTESy &c. o/' z/?^ General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



ending of Lotteries, and felling of Lottery Tickets within this Colony^ 
was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refol'ued, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Hewlings and Mr. Pettit do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Ebenezer Cowell, praying 
a Law to fell certain Shares of Propriety in the Weftern Divifion of 
this Colony, belonging to Thomas Reading and the Eftate of Daniel 
Reading, deceafed ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition do lie on the Table, becaufe the fame was not 
prefented within the Time limited by the Rules of the Houfe. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Freeholders of 
Cheferfeld, and another from other Parts of the County of Burlington, 
fetting forth Reafons againfl building a Bridge over AJJifcunk Creek, in 
the City of Burlington, which Petitions were read : 

Then the feveral Petitions for and againfl the faid Bridge and a Road 
from thence into York Road, were read the fecond Time : 

The Queftion was put, whether the Houfe will go into the Confi- 
deration of the Matter now, or refer the fame to the next SefTxon ? It 
pafled for Referring. 
Ordered, 

That the Confideration thereof be referred to the next SefTion accord- 
ingly. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

Mr. Price, from the Committee appointed for the Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled, An Adl for Supply of the Troops quartered in the 
Barracks of this Colony, which was read, and referred to the Committee 
of the whole Houfe on the Bill/or Support of Go'vernment, to be provided 
for in that Bill : 

And Mr. Price, from the fame Committee, brought in a Bill, enti- 
tled, An Aa for defraying Incidental Charges ; which was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Hc%ulings reported, that Mr. Pettit and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 
A MefTage from the Council by Mr. Coxe. 

Ordered, Council-Chamber, Feb. 21, 1774. 

'"p HAT Mr. Coxe do carry the Bill, entitled, An Aa more effeSiually 
^ to prevent the malicious, unlaivful and ivilful killing, maiming 
-wounding or disfiguring of Horfes, Sheep or horned Cattle in this Colony^ 
with the Amendments thereto annexed, to the Houfe of Allembly^ 
and defire their Concurrence in the faid Amendments. ' 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

Which 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 169 



I 



Which Bill was read, with the Amendments in their Places, and up- 
on the Queftion feverally put, upon the faid Amendments, the Houfe 
agreed to each of them, except the laft, to which the Houfe difagreed, 
and in that Part adhere to the Bill. 
Ordered, 

That Mr, Dey and Mr. Garritfe do carry back the faid Bill and Amend- 
ments to the Council, and acquaint them thereof. 

According to Order the Houfe refolved itfelf into a Committee of the 
whole Houfe, on the Bill for Support of Government ; and, after fome 
Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Crane, 
Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee had made 
fome Progrefs in the Bill, and defired Leave to fit again. 
Ordered, 

That the faid Committee do fit again. 

A MefTage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 
Gentlemen, 
Send you a Petition from the Board of Juftices and Freeholders in the 
County of Cape-May, fetting forth that the Gaol of the faid County 
has been lately confumed by Fire, and requefling a new Law to enable 
them to erecl another. The Neceffity of fuch a new Law is fo fully and 
clearly reprefented in the Petition that I cannot but recommend it to 
you as an Object: proper for your immediate Attention. 

W"- FRANKLIN. 
Feb. 2 1 ft, 1774. 

Which Meflage, together with the Petition therein mentioned, were 
read ; 

Ordered, 

That Mr. Ktnfey and Mr. H'lnchman do wait on his Excellency and 
inform him, that the Houfe have taken his Excellency's MeiTage of this 
Day, relative to the Gaol of Cape-May, into Confideration, and will make 
the Provifion required ; — and to requeft that his Excellency will be pleaf- 
ed to inform the Houfe, whether he has appointed a Juftice of the Su- 
preme Court, in the Place of Charles Read, Efq. and the Name of the 
Perfon fo appointed, that the Houfe may make proper Provifion for him 
in the Support Bill, now before the Houfe. 
Ordered, 

That the Members for the County of Cape-May do bring in a Bill for 
rebuilding the Gaol in that County. 

Mr. Sykes reported, that Mr. Pettit and himfelf delivered the Bill with 
them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Hinchman and himfelf delivered the 
Meflage of the Houfe with them intrufted to his Excellency. 

The Bill, entitled. An Adl more effeBually to prevent Horferacmg, Cock- 
fighting, Shootingmatches and Gamiiig ivithin this Colony, was read the 
fecond Time, amended in the Houfe, and upon the Queftion agreed to, 
^nd ordered to be engrofl^ed. 

T t A 



170 FOTESy Sec. of ^^^ General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from 3 r reputable Free- 
holders and Inhabitants of the County of Somerfet ; as was another 
from 66 repvitable Freeholders and Inhabitants of the County of Siijfexy 
praying that the Eaftern Treafurer may not be deprived of his Office 
until he is condemned by a Trial of his Peers ; the fame were read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Dey reported, that Mr. Garritfe and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Tuefday, February 22, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

On a Motion made, 

That, by the Laws of this Colony, unlocated Shares of Propriety 
are not fubjedl to Execution ; 
Ordered, 

That Leave be given to bring in, at the next Seffion, Afupplementary 
Adl to the Aci, entitled. An Ad: fubjeBing real EJlates in the Province of 
New-Jerfey to the Payment of Debts, and direiling the Sheriff in his Pro- 
ceedings thereon. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 
A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

Gentlemen, 

SI N C E I have heard from Mr. Read^ that he did not propofe to re- 
turn to this Province, I have looked about for a proper Perfon to 
fill the important Office of a Juftice of the Supreme Court. The Gentle- 
man I have thought of is the Honorable Mr. Stockton, whofe Abilities 
and Qualifications for that Office need not be mentioned to your Houfe. 
But he has affured me, that he cannot without making too great a 
Sacrifice of his Intereft to the Publick, accept of it with a Salary lefs 
than Two Hundred Pounds a Year. If you are inclined to give that 
Salary to each of the Puifne Judges, which I am in Hopes you will 
think is far from being unreafonable, you may infert his Name in the 
Bill for the Support of Government — But if you do not choofe to grant 
that Allowance, your Bill may be worded in fuch a Manner as that 
the Salary may be paid to the Third Juftice of the Supreme Court for 
the Time being, and I fliall appoint fome Perfon to fill that Office the 
beft qualified of any I can procure to accept of it on fuch Terms as you 
think proper to allow. 

February 21, 1774. W"- FRANKLIN. 

Which was read, and referred to the Committee of the whole Houfe 
on the Bill for Support of Government. 

Mr. 



i^fh G. III. WILLIAiM FRANKLIN, Efq. Goternor. 171 



Mr. Fj/he?', from the Committee 6n publick Accounts, reported the 
Barrack-Mafter's Account ; which was read, and referred to the Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe on the Support Bill. 

The EngrolTed Bill, entitled, Ati A^ more effe^lually to prevent Horfe- 
facinj, Cockfighting, Shootingniatches and Gaming ivithin this Colony^ was 
read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Rejol'ved, 

That the fame do pafs. 



Yeas. 
Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
IVIr. Lawrence, 
Mr. FIJIkt, 
Mr. Roy, 



Yeas. 
Col. Ford, 

Mr. Svkes, 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Ho/me, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 



Yeas. 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Van Home. 



Nays. 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Demarejly 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Paxfon, 
Mr. Pettit. 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Taylor and Mr. Hand do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Wednefday, February 23, 1774. 



The Houfe met. 

Mr. Hand, purfuant to Order, brought in a Bill, entitled, An A61 
for budding and repairing a convenient Gaol and Court-Houfe in the County 
o/" Cape-May, and for other Purpofes therein mentioned ; which was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Committee on publick Accounts informing the Houfe that Mr. 
Jofeph HolUnJIoead has two Accounts with this Colony unfettled, and 
has negleded to attend the Committee, purfuant to Notice given him. 
Ordered, 

That the Sergeant at Arms attending this Houfe do bring the faid 
'Jofeph HoUinfljead before the Houfe, in order for the Settlement of his 
laid Accounts. 

Mr. Taylor reported, that Mr. Hand and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufled to Mr. Stockton, one of the Gentlemen of the Coun- 
cil, the Council not then fitting. 

On a Motion made, 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Laivrence and Mr, Paxfon be a Committee to prepare and 
bring in the Draught of a MefTage to his Excellency, praying him to 
appoint fome proper Perfon in the Eaftern Divifion, for receiving the 
Taxes to be raifed for the enfuing Year, for Support of Government, 
and Contingent Charges. 

The 



jy2 VOTES, Sec. of the Ge'seral Assembly of New-Jersey. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Laivrence, from the Committee appointed to that Service, 
brought in the Draught of a Meflage to his Excellency, which being 
read, was agreed to by the Houfe, and is as follows, 'viz. 

Ordered, 

^~r^ HAT Mr. Winds and Mr. Eldridge do wait on his Excellency 
-■' and inform him, that the Bill for Support of Government, and 
Supply of the King's Troops and other Contingencies, is now under 
Confideration ; and that the Houfe requefts the Favour of his Excellen- 
cy, that he would be pleafed to appoint a proper Perfon in the Eaflern 
Divifion to receive the publick Monies thereby intended to be granted 
to his Majefty, as it is evident the Houfe cannot have Confidence in 
the prefent Eaftern Treafurer, nor lodge any more Money in his 
Hands. 

Three Petitions were prefented to the Houfe from 230 reputable 
Freeholders and Inhabitants of the County of Monmouth, fetting forth 
Reafons for the Removal of the Eaflern Treafurer, and praying that he 
may be then tried, and that a Law may pafs for fecuring the publick 
Money in the Treafury of this Colony ; the faid Petition was read, and 
ordered to be read a fecond Time. 

A 



Dr. Mr. WILSON HUNT, Mufter Mafter,-^ 

May 12. To Caflipaid him by S. Smith, Efq. Treafurer, viz. 

Levy Money for the iVfw-J^^r/f/ Regiment — £. iJ^J 10 o 

30, To Ditto per ditto, 500 o 

June 13. To Ditto per ditto, ■ 200 o o 

1762, 

April 20. To Ditto per ditto, ■ 3000 o 



o 



o 



28. To Ditto per Thomas Rodman, — ■ 182 i o 

£. $66^ II o 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 173 



A MelTage from the Council by Mr. Parker. 

Council-Chamber, Feb. 23, 1774. 

'T"^ H E Houfe taking into Confideration the Inconveniences arifing 
•*■ from the Want of a Sergeant at Arms and a Doorkeeper in each 
Divifion, and that Provifion has hitherto been made but for one of each 
of the faid Officers for the whole Province, and his Excellency having 
been pleafed to fay, that he will remove thofe Inconveniences by ap- 
pointing a Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper to this Houfe, in each 
Divifion, if Provifion be made for their Support : 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Parker do acquaint the Houfe of AfTembly therewith, and 
requeft that Provifion be made accordingly. 

By Order of the Houfe ^ 

CHA. PETTIT, Z). C/^ry^. 

The fame was read, and referred to the Committee of the whole 
Houfe, on the Biliyor Support of Go'uerntnent. 

Mr. Winds reported, that Mr. Eldridge and himfelf delivered the 
MelTage of the Houfe with them intruded to his Excellency, who was 
pleafed to fay, he would fend the Houfe an Anfwer. 

Mr. Fi/her^ from the Committee on publick Accounts, made the fol- 
lowing Report ; to which the Houfe agreed, 'viz. 



to the Province of NEW-JERSEY, Contra Cr. 

1761. 

May 30. By the Amount of fundry Vouchers from the above 
Date umil April 29th 1762, examined and 

allowed, £. 4902 2 8 

By Balance due the Province — 767 8 4 



£. 5669 II o 



U u Dr. 



174 VOTESf &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



Dr. Mv. WILSON HU NT, Mufter Mafter,— 

To Balance brought over, £. y6y 8 4 

Tolntereft on the above from April 28 1762 until 

Dec. 1773, is 1 1 Years and 7 Months, 622 5 74 



— £• 13S9 »3 "^ 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Hunt do attend the Houfe, In the Beginning of the next 
Seflion of AfTembly, to fhew Caufe, if any he hath, why he doth not 
pay the Balance of the faid Account. 

The Bill, entitled, An h.^ for rebuilding and repairing a convenient 
Gaol and Coiirt-Hoiife in the County of Cape-May, was read the fecond 
Time, amended in the Houfe, and, upon the Queftion, agreed to, and 
ordered to be engroffed. 

- Ordered, 

That Johi Wetherill, James Kinfey, Samuel Tucker, Henry Paxfon, 
John Combs, John Hmchman, Richard Laivrence, Robert Friend Price, 
and Anthony Sykes, Efquires, be, and they or any five of them are hereby 
appointed a Committee to correfpond with the Agent of this Colony. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Thurfday, February 24, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, J« A&. for creeling a convenient Gaol 
in the County of Cape-May, and to authorize the rebuilding and 
repairing of the Court-Houfe or Gaol of that County at any Time here- 
after, was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 

Refolved, 



j^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 17^- 



to the Province of NEE^-JE RSET, Contra Cr. 

1769, 

June 16. By Cam paid S. 5ot/VZ', Treafurer, £• 2>S° ° ° 

By Interefl of the above £. 350 from June i6th 

1769 until Dec. 1773, i^ 3 Years 5' Months — 84 14 o 
1772, 

Jugujl. By Ditto paid S. Smith, 300 o o 

By Interefl: on the above £. 300 from Auguji 
1772 wni\\ Dec. 1773, is i Year and 4 Months, — 28 o o 

Dec, 3. By an Order in favour of Mr. Abraham Hunt, on 
5. Smith, Efq. Weft:ern Treafurer, the Balance 
of faid Hunt's Account as Barrack-Mafl:er, allowed 
him by an Aft of the Legiflature of the 12th of 

-GEOR GEthe IIP 4810 o 

By Cafh paid S.Smith, Efq. the Treafurer, 68 18 4 

By Balance due to the Colony including fimple In- 
terefl:, 509 II 71 



£' 1389 13 "i 

All which is fubmitted to the Hvufe, 

Hendrick Fishfr, 
Robert Friend Price, 
John Mehelm. 



Refol'uedy 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Ha7id and Mr. Eldridge do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

Mr. Hand reported, that Mr. Eldridge and himfelf dehvered the Bill 
with them intruded to Mr. Skinner, one of the Gentlemen of the 
Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Smith. 

Council-Chamber, iv^. 23, 1774. 
Ordered, 
'~p*'HAT Mr. Smith do carry the Bill, entitled, An Adl for regulating 
-■■ Roads and Bridges, with the Amendments thereto annexed, to the 
Houfe of Aflerably, and defire their Concurrence in the faid Amend- 
ments. By Order of the Houfe, 

C H A. P E T T I T, /). Clerk. 

The faid Bill was read, and the Amendments in their Places, and up- 
on the Queflion feverally put upon the Amendments, the Houfe agreed 
to them all except the i8th and 20th, to which they difagreed, and in 
thofe Parts adhere to the Bill. 

Ordered^ 



176 VOTES, 8cc. o/^ ?i^f General Assembly 0/' New-Jersey. 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Hinchman and Mr. Price do carry back the faid Bill and 
Amendments to the Council, and acquaint them therewith. 

A MefTage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pet tit. 

^Message to /Z?f Assembly. 
Gentlemen, 

HAVING communicated your MelTage of Yefterday to Mr. Skinner, 
that he might fee the Objedions you have to his being intruded 
with the Money propofed to be granted to His Majefty at this SefTion, 
he has thereupon prefented me with a Memorial requefting Leave to re- 
fign his Office. In Hopes that his Refignation may be the Means of en- 
tirely removing thofe Difficulties which have of late embarrafled and 
impeded the publick Bufmefs, I have given my Confent to it, and have, 
with the unanimous Advice of the Council, appointed John Smyth, Efq. 
Treafurer for the Eaftern Divifion ; and I hope his Appointment will 
prove agreeable to your Houfe. 

It would not be doing Juflice to Mr. Skinner, if I did not fubjoin a 
Copy of his Memorial, that you may fee from what truly publick-fpirit- 
ed Motives he has been induced to. comply with your Inclinations on this 
Occafion. 

i^^/.. 24, 1774. . W«- FRANKLIN. 

Copy of the Eaftern Treafurer's Memorial to the Governor. 

To His Excellency WILLIAM FRANKLIN, EJq. Captain-General, 
ajid Governor in Chief in and over the Province of New-Jerfey, and 
Territories thereon depending in America, Chancellor and Vice-Admiral 
in the fame, 8cc. 

May it pleafe your Excellency, 

THE Misfortune which befel me in the Year 1768, of being robbed 
of a large Sum of the publick Money committed to my Cuftody 
as Treafurer of the Eaftern Divifion of this Province, has been greatly 
increafed by the Obfcurity in which the Perpetrators of that atrocious 
Villany have been concealed. And although my moft zealous Endea- 
vors have not been wanting to have them difcovered, and fuch Cir- 
cumftances have at length been brought to Light, as feem to point 
them out with a great Degree of Probability ; yet by an unfortunate 
Concurrence of other Circumftances, the Publick has hitherto not re- 
ceived that full Evidence of their Guilt, which feems neceflary to carry 
Convi6tion into every Mind. Hence there remains with fome Peo- 
ple a Doubt that has been the Source of the fevereft Part of my Ca- 
lamity. A doubtful Mind is open to any plaufible Suggeftion, and a 
Man in a publick Station is feldom without fome Enemies, who are 
ready to rejoice in his Misfortunes, and to put the worft Conftrudion it 
will poflibly bear, on every Part of his Condud. An uncharitable Suf- 
picion againft my moral Charader, on this Occafion, has taken Place 
in the Minds of fome Perfons in divers Parts of the Province, who have 
not had an Opportunity of being duly informed of the Truth, even 

fo 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q, Governor. 177 



fo far as it has been dircovered. This, to a Heart confcious of its own 
Integrity, and looking forward to the Hopes of a rifing Family, and 
the Honor of worthy Connections, mufl afford the keeneft Anguifh. 
And altho' the Lofs of fo much Money as that of which the Treafury 
has been robbed, fhould it fall upon me, mud be attended with great 
Diftrefs, and perhaps Ruin to my Family, it is a Lofs I would much 
rather fliftain, were I driven to the unhappy Alternative, than fuffer fo 
odious a Stigma to defcend with my Charadler to Poflerity, 

This, Sir, has been the chief Motive which has induced me fo earn- 
eftly to folicit that my Condudl may be enquired into, by a fair and 
impartial Trial — And the Apprehenfion that a Removal from my Office 
might have the Appearance of my being fuppofed, by your Excellency, 
to be in fome Meafure guilty, has induced me to requeft that I might 
be continued in Olfice, until fuch Trial fliould be had. You have been 
pleafed. Sir, fo far as it lay with you, to grant me this Requeft, and 
to declare that you think it juft and reafonable. But, to my great 
Mortification, the Houfe of Affembly have adopted a different Opinion 
and feem difpofed to fupport it with much Perfeverance. This Diffe- 
rence of Opinion has already given great Interruption to that Harmony 
among the feveral Branches of the Legiflature which has hitherto 
been one of the happy Effedls of your Excellency's Adminiftration. 
Diffentions and Uneafinefs have taken Place among the People, and the 
neceffary Meafures of Government are threatened with Obftrudions 
which may be highly pernicious to the publick Peace and Welfare of 
the Province. 

I fincerely thank you, Sir, for the Affurances you have been pleafed 
to give me that you will not remove me from my Office before a Trial. 
But, as I agree with your Excellency in the Pofition mentioned in your 
Meffage to the Affembly, that the Interefls of an Individual ought not 
to be put in Competition with the publick Good, and as I am induced 
to hope that my voluntary Refignation of the Ofiice of Treafurer, will 
be fo far acceptable to the Honorable Houfe of Affembly, as to put an 
End to the unhappy Difpute now fubfifting between your Excellency 
and them, and thereby reflore Peace to the Province, I am willing to 
make the Sacrifice, in full Confidence that I fhall receive, from the 
Candor of that Honorable Houfe and the Publick, fuch Confideration 
as is due to the heavy Misfortune in which, through Accident, I am 
now involved. — -But whatever may be the Event to myfelf, I tuill not 
be the Caufe of continuing a publick Contention which may, in its Con- 
iequences, be abundantly more injurious to the People than the Lofs of 
the Money of which I have been robbed. I therefore requeft your Ex- 
cellency's Leave to refign the Ofiice of Treafurer of the Eaftern Divi- 
fion of Nenv-Jerfey^ and ardently hope it will have the falutary Effect I 
have mentioned. 

/ ci?7iy -with great RefpeB^ 

Tour Excellency s mojl obedient 

Humble Servant^ 

Feb.2^, 1774. Stephen Skinne R. 

W w Ordered^ 



178 VOTES, &c. o/" ^Z?^ General Assembly o/C New-Jersey. 

Ordered, 
That His Excellency's Meflage have a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Friday, February 25, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

Two Petitions were prefented to the Houfe and read, from 141 
reputable Freeholders and Inhabitants of the County of Somerfet, pray- 
ing that the Eaftern Treafurer may be tried before he is deprived of 
' his Office, and that proper Provifion may be made for determining that 
unhappy Difpute. 
Ordered, 
That the Petitions be read a fecond Time. 

Mr. Hinchman reported, that Mr. Price and himfelf delivered the Bill 
and Amendments with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The Bill, entitled, A71 Adl to relieve Sarah Ely, Ifaac De Cow and 
David Brearley, jiin. ivith RefpeSi to the Lofs of tivo Title Deeds by Fire^ 
was read the fecond Time, and committed to Mr. Mehelm and Mr. Elmer. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, F. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A MefTage from the Council by Mr. Coxe. 

, Council-Chamber, Feb. 25, 1774. 
Ordered, 
'T^^HAT Mr. Coxe do carry the Bill, entitled. An Ad }}:ore effe^ually to 
-*- prevent the malicious, tmlaivful and "wilful killing, mmming, ivound- 
ing or disfiguring of Horfes, Sheep or horned Cattle in this Colony, with 
the Amendments thereto annexed, to the Houfe of AfTembly, and 
acquaint them that this Houfe adhere to all the faid Amendments. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

C H A. P E T T I T, Z). Clerk. 

Ordered, 
That the Reprefentatives of the Counties of Bergen, Morris and Suf- 
fex, together with Mr. Fi/ljer, Mr. Moores, Mr. Garritfe, Mr, Hinchman 
and Mr. Sykes, be a Committee to meet a Committee of the Council in 
a free Conference on the Subjed Matter of the faid Bill and Amend- 
ments. 

Ordered, 
That Mr, Holme and Mr. Elmer do inform the Council thereof, and 
defire them to appoint a Committee of their Houfe accordingly, together 
with the Time and Place of Meeting. 

A 



T' 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/y. Governor. 179 

A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Skinner. 

Council-Chamber, Feb. 25, 1774. 
Ordered, 
^HAT Mr. Skinner do carry the Bill, entitled, An A(5l for regulating 
Roads and Bridges, with the Amendnaents thereto annexed, to the 
Houfe of AlTembly, and acquaint them that this Houfe do recede from 
the 1 8th and 20th of thefaid Amendments ; which were rejeded by the 
Houfe of Affembly. 

Bj Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 
Ordered, 
That the faid Bill be re-engroffed with the Amendments agreed up- 
on by both Houfes. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Commit- 
tee of the Mdiole Houfe on the Bill for Support of Govertwient ; and, 
after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and 
Mr. Crane, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee 
had made fome further Progrefs in the Bill to them committed, and 
defired Leave to fit again. 
Ordered, 

That the faid Committee do fit again. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'clock To-morrow Morning. 
Saturday, February 26, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Holme reported, that Mr. Elmer and himfelf delivered the Mef- 
fage of the Houfe with them intruited to Mr. Siuith, one of the Gen- 
tlemen of the Council, the Council not then fitting. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe on the Matters referred to the Committee 
of the whole Houfe on the Governor's Speech ; and, after fome Time 
fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Crane, Chair- 
man of the Committee, reported, that the faid Committee had gone 
through the Matters to them referred, and had come to one further 
Refolution, which he was ready to report whenever the Houfe will 
pleafe to receive the fame. 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. Crane reported the Refolution of the Committee as 
follows, 'uiz. 
Refolved, 

That a Bill be prepared for flriking^. 100,000 in Bills of Credit, to 
be let out on Loan in the feveral Counties of this Colony ; on the 
Queflion, Whether the Houfe agrees to the faid Refblve or not ? It 
palled in the Affirmative, as follows, i>iz. 

Yeas. 



i8d FOTESy S(.c. of the GEtiEK Ah Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. 'Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Fijhcr, 
Mr. iiftj)/, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Dcmarejl, 
Col. for^, 
Mr. rF/«f/j, 
Mr. /f/w/fjK, 



Yeas. 

Mr: Heivlings, 
Mr. P^;v/o/2, 
Mr, Sykes, 
Mr. Tary^tr, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. £/;Hfr, 
Mr. F^w Home, 
Mr. P^///V. 



Nays. 

Mr. Hincbman, 
Mr. Pr/V^, 
Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. Ho/wf, 
Mr. ftz/2^, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Sheppard. 



Order ed^ 

That Mr. Fj/^^r, Mr. Wetheritl, Mr. C/-^^, Mr. A"z«/o' and Mr. 
Tucker, be a Committee to prepare and bring in a Bill for the Purpofe 
aforefaid. 

Mr. Mehelm, from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, An A61 
to relie'ue Sarah Ely, Ifaac De Cow and David Brearley, jun. ivith Re- 
fpeci to the Lofs of tivo Title Deeds by Fire, was committed, reported 
the fame, with feveral Amendments thereto, and the Bill being read, 
with the Amendments in their Places, the fame were agreed to by the 
Houfe, and the Bill as amended ordered to be engroITed. 

Mr. Fifher, from the Committee appointed for the Purpofe, brought, 
in the Draught of a Bill, entitled, An A&. for Jlriking One Hundred 
Thoufand Pounds, in Bills of Credit ; which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning, Ten o'Clock. 

Monday, February 28, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The EngrofTed Bill, entitled. An Ad to relieve Sarah Ely, Ifaac De 
Cow and David Brearly, jun. ivith Refpetl to the Lofs of tivo Title Deeds 
by Fire, was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Tucker and Mr. Mehelm do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence, 

The Bill Re-engroffed, with the Amendments agreed upon by the 
Council and Houfe of Reprefentatives, entitled, An A(5l for regulatiiig 
Roads and Bridges, was read and compared j 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Tucker and Mr. Mehelm do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council. 

Mr. Kinfey, with Leave of the Houfe, brought in a Bill, entitled. An 
A(5l for the more fpeedy Recovery of Legacies in this Province, and for 

affirming 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. i8i 



affirming fuch Ac} s of Adminijirators bona Fide done before Notice of a Will ; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Tucker reported, that Mr. Mehehn and himfelf delivered the Bills 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Kinfey^ from the Committee to whom the Bill, entitled, An Adl 
to enable the Otuners mid Poffefors of the lonv Lands^ Meadows and 
Sxvamps on both Sides o/^Affunpink Brook, from the Province Line to the 
Lands of ]oh.vi Ely, to rejuove the Obfru^ions to the free Courfe of the 
Waters of the fatne Brook, was committed, reported the fame with fun- 
dry Amendments thereto ; the faid Bill was read with the Amend- 
ments in their Places ; 

Ordered, • ^ 

That the faid Bill as amended be engrofled. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P, M. 
The Houfe met. 

The EngrofFed Bill, entitled, An Adl to enable the Owners and Pof- 
fejfors of the loiv Lands, Meadoivs and Sivamps on both Sides of Affun- 
pink Brook, from the Province Line to the Lands o/" John Ely, to remove 
the Obfriiclions to the free Courfe of the Waters of the fame Brook, was 
read and compared j on the Queflion, 
Refolved, 

That the fame do pais. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Lawrence and Mr. Combs do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

Mr. Fifher, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 

in a Bill, entitled, An Adl to oblige the Treafurers of the Colony of New- 

Jerfey to give Security for the due Execution of their Offices, and to pre- 

fcribe the Mode in ivhich the fame Security floall be taken ; which was 

i-ead, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Dey, from the Committee appointed to meet with a Committee 
of the Council, in free Conference on the Bill, entitled. An Ad more 
effectually to prevent the malicious, milawful and ivilful killing, maiming 
nvounding or disfiguring of Horfes, Sheep or horned Cattle in this Colony ^ 
reported, that the Committees had met accordingly on the Amendment 
propofed by the Council, to nvit, 

Provided always. That nothing in this Ail /hall be conflrued to extend 
or give Relief to any Perfon or Perfons making a Pra^ice of driving Horfes^ 
Cattle, Sheep and Hogs into the Counties of Bergen, Morris aiid Sullex, 
from any other County in this Province, or from either of the faid Counties 
into the other, ivith an Intention or Defign of pajluring the fame in the 
Ranges or Outlets of unimproved Lands within either of the three Counties 
aforefaid, unlefs every fuch Perfon be an Oivner and Proprietor in his or 
her oivn Right of a Freehold of at leaf Three Hundred Acres of Land with- 
in the particular County to ivhich he or Jlje Jloall drive the faid Horfes ^ 
Cattle and Sheep as aforefaid^ or Hogs for Range or Pajiure. 

That, after fome Time fpent in Conference, the Committee of the 

X X Council 



i82 VOICES, &c. (s/* //jf General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Council adhering to the Amendment, the Committee of the Houfe 
not latisfied with the Reafons offered, could not agree to the fame, and 
therefore adhered to the Bill in that Part j all which is fubmitted to the 
Houfe. 

Ordered, 
That the faid Bill do lie on the Table. 

Mr. Lawrence reported, that Mr. Combs and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufled to Mr. Stockton^ one of the Gentlemen of the 
Council, the Council not then fitting. 

The Bill, entitled, An A&.for the morefpeedy Recovery of Legacies in 
this Province, and for affirming fuch Acis of Adminijlrators bona Fide done 
before Notice of a M'^ili, was read the fecond Time, amended in the 
Houfe, and, upon the Queflion, agreed to and ordered to be en- 
groffed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'clock To-morrow Morning. 
Tue/dajy, March i, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe and read from 53 reputable 
Freeholders and Inhabitants of the County of Monmouth, praying the 
Legiflature to unite iu removing the Eaftern Treafurer from his Office, 
and then to caufe a Profecution to be fet on Foot againft him for the 
Recovery of the publick Money faid to be flolen ; and that a Law may 
pafs to oblige the Treafurers to give Security for the fafe Keeping of 
the publick Money in their Hands. 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition have a fecond Reading. 

The Sergeant at Arms, according to Order, brought Jofeph Hollinf- 
head before the Houfe ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Jqfeph Hollinjloead do attend the Committee on publick 
Accounts this Evening at Six o'Clock, at the Houfe of Jofeph Haight, 
and that after he has fettled his Accounts he be difcharged, paying his 
Fees. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Laivrence, Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Paxfon, be a Committee to 
pi'epare and bring in a Bill to authorize the prefent Treafurer of the 
Eailern Divifion to bring an Adion againft the late Treafurer for the 
Monies faid to be ftolen from the Treafury. 

The Bill, entitled, An Ac5l to oblige the Treafurers of the Colony ofNew- 
Jerfey to give Security for the due Execution of their Offices, and to pre- 
J'cribe the Mode in ivhich the fame Security fhall be taken, was read the 
fecond Time, and committed to a Committee of the whole Houfe. 

The Houfe accordingly refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on the faid Bill ; and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker 
refnmed the Chair, and Mr, Fifl^er, Chairman of the Committee, by 
Order of the Houfe, reported, that the Committee had gone through the 

Bill, 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 183 



Bill, and had made fundry Amendments to the fame ; the Bill being 
read with the Amendments in their Places, 
Ordered^ 

That the Bill as amended be engroffed. 

A MefTage from the Council by Mr. Skinner. 

|S) Council-Chamber, Feb. 28, 1774. 

Ordered, 
'■p HAT Mr. Skinner do carry the Bill, entitled, An Ad for the Set- 
*■ tlement and Relief of the Poor, with the Amendments thereto annex- 
ed, to the Houfe of Allembly, and defire their Concurrence in the faid 
Amendments. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTI T, Z). Clerk. 

The faid Bill was read with the Amendments in their Places, and 
upon the Queftion feverally put upon the faid Amendments, the Houfe 
agreed to all, except the Ninth, Tenth and Seventeenth, to which they 
difagreed, and in thofe Parts adhere to the Bill. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Pettit and Mr. Sykes do carry back the faid Bill and 
Amendments to the Council, and acquaint them therewith. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, An A61 for the more fpeedy Recovery of 
Legacies in this Province, and for affirming fuch Acis of Adminiflrators 
bona Fide done before Notice of a Will, was read and compared j on the 
Queftion, 

Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Mehelm do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. 

Mr. Pettit reported, that Mr. Sykes and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to Mr. Stockton, one of the Gentlemen of the 
Council, the Council not then fitting. 

A MefTage from the Council by Mr. Parker, informing the Houfe, 
-^^ that the Council have receded from fuch of their Amendments 
made to the Bill, entitled, An Adl more effeflually to punijlj the Counter- 
feiters of foreign Gold or Silver Coin current ivithin the Colony of New- 
Jerfey, and the Utterers thereof, knoiving the fame to be Counterfeit, as 
were reje6led by this Houfe ; 
Ordered, 
That the faid Bill be re-engrofled, with the Amendments agreed up- 
on by both Houfes. 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Hinchman and Mr. Sheppard, be a Committee 
to prepare and bring in the Draught of a MeiTage to his Excellency, 

requefting 



184 VOTES, &c. o/" ^^^ General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 

requefting that he would be pleafed to inform the Houfe, whether 
he would join the Houfe in a Law, authorizing the prefent Treafurer 
in commencing an A6tion againfl the late Treafurer for the Deficiency 
of the publick Money. 

The Bill, entitled, A71 AO: for Jinking One Hundred Thonfand Pounds 
in Bills of Credit, was read the fecond Time, and committed to a 
Committee of the whole Houfe. 

A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Lawrence. 

Ordered, Council-Chamber, March i, 1774. 

^T^HAT Mr. Lawrence do carry the Bill, entitled. An Ad/or the Set- 
^ tlement and Relief of the Poor, .. with the Amendments thereto an- 
nexed, to the Houfe of AfFembly, and acquaint them that this Houfe 
has receded from the Ninth, Tenth and Seventeenth of the faid 
Amendments, which were rejeded by the Houfe of AflTembly. 
Ordered alfo. 
That Mr. Lawrence do acquaint the Houfe of AfFembly, that the 
Bill, entitled, An A€t for erecting a con'ue7iient Gaol in the County o/* Cape- 
May, &.C. is paffed in this Houfe without any Amendment. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

Ordered, 
That the BlWfof- the Settlement and Relief of the Poor, be re-engrofTed 
with the Amendments agreed upon by both Houfes. 

The Houfe refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole Houfe on 
the Bill for Jlriking One Hundred l^houf and Pounds in Bills of Credit ; and, 
after forae Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and 
Mr. Crane, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee 
had made fome Progrefs in the Bill, and defired Leave to lit again : 
Ordered, 

That the faid Committee do fit again. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Wednefday, March 2, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Ad to oblige the Treafurers of the 
Colony of New-Jerfey to give Security for the due Execution of their Of- 
fices, and to prefcribe the Mode in njohich the fame Security JJjall be taken, 
was ixad and compared ; on the Queflion, 
Refolved Nem. Con. 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fifloer and Mr. Wetherill do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

The Bill Re-engrofTed, with the Amendments agreed upon by the 
Council and Houfe of Reprefentatives, entitled, An Ad more effe finally 

to 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Ef^. Governor. i8^ 



Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Sjy^ifj-, 


Mr. Sheppard, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. Hi neb man. 


Mr. £/;«fr. 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. Pr/ff, 


Mr. I'rt/i i/5r?zf. 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. H(j/ot^, 




Mr. Lawrence, 


Mr. Ha«c/, 




Mr. Dey, 


Mr. Eldridge, 




Mr. Kin/ey, 


Mr. Tucker, 




Mr. Pax/on, 


Mr, Mehelm, 





/o puniJJj the Counterfeiters of foreign Gold or Silver Coin current ivithin 
the Colony of New-Jerfey, atid the Utterers thereof knoiving the fame to 
be Counterfeit, was read and compared ; 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fijher and Mr. Wetherill do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council. 

Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Mehehn apd himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufled to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Kinfey, from the Committee appointed for the Purpofe, brought 
in the Draught of a Meffage to his Excellency, and, upon the Queftion, 
whether the fame be engrofled and fent accordingly : It was carried in 
the Affirmative as follows, viz. 

Yeas. Yeas. Yeas. Navs. 

Mr. Crane, 
Mr Garritfc, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Demarefl, 
Col. Ford, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Pettit. 
Ordered, 
'~r^ HAT Mr, Mehehn and Mr. Elmer do wait on his Excellency and 
-'• inform him, that the Houfe have taken under their Confideration 
the Mode pointed out to call the late Eaftern Treafurer to an Account 
for the Deficiency of the publick Money. 

The Houfe do not apprehend the Information mentioned by his Ex- 
cellency will anfwer the Purpole of doing Jullice between the Colony 
and the late Treafurer. They are of Opinion, that a Law authorizing 
the prefent Treafurer to demand and receive, or in cafe of Refufal, to 
bring an Action on the Cafe againfl the late Trealurer for fuch Defici- 
ency, will effedtually bring the Matter to a Determination : This Action 
may without Difficulty be brought, and may be eafily defended ; the 
Treafurer will have an Opportunity of offering all that he can juftly 
advance in his Defence, and the Interefl which the Court, Jurors or 
Evidences may have in the Point to be litigated may be removed ; but 
that if any Objedion founded on the real Merits of the Controverfy 
fhould occur, the Houfe would be willing to adopt anotlier Way of 
proceeding. 

The Houfe conceiving a Law for the Purpofe to be by much the moft 
eligible Method, have appointed a Committee to bring in a Bill with 
which they Ihould be glad to have his Excellency's Concurrence. The 
Houfe are willing to appoint fome of their Members to manage the 
Prolecutlon, and thereby fave his Excellency any further Trouble. 

They are very delirous that the prefent Seffion Ihould not pafs over 
without fixing on fome Method to put an End to this difagreeable Affair, 

y y which 



i86 VOTES, &c. o/* //7f General Assembly o/' New-Jersex. 



which has been the Means of interrupting the Peace of the Colony ; 
wherefore they defire his Excellency would be pleafed to favour this 
Matter with his immediate Attention, and the Houfe with a fpeedy 
Anfwer. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

RICHARD SMITH, Ckvk. 
On Motion made, 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Tucker and Col. Ford do wait on his Excellency, and re- 
quell of him, that he will be pleafed to inform the Houfe whether his 
Excellency can give his Aflent to a Bill for ftriking £. 100,000 in Bills 
of Credit, with a Claufe diredling the Commiffioners of the Loan-Office 
to take the fame in all Payments to them to be made for any Debts due 
on any Mortgage in their Books, and with a fufpending Claufe to the 
faid Bill. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. At 
The Houfe met. 

Mr. FifJjer reported, that Mr. Wetherill and himfelf delivered the 
two Bills with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Mehelm reported, that Mr. Elmer and himfelf delivered the Mef- 
fage of the Houfe to his Excellency according to Order, who was 
pleafed to fay, the Houfe fhould hear from him. 

Mr. Tucker reported, that Col. Ford and himfelf delivered the Mef- 
fage of the Houfe with them intrufted to his Excellency, who was 
pleafed to fay, the Houfe fhould hear from him. 

The Bill Re-engrofTed, with the Amendments agreed upon by the 
Council and Houfe of Reprefentatives, entitled, An Ad for the Settle- 
ment and Relief of the Poor, was read and compared ; 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Taylor and Mr. Laivrence do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe on the BUI for Support of Go'vernment ; and, 
after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and 
Mr. Crane, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee 
had gone through the Bill, and had come to feveral Refolutions which 
he was ready to report whenever the Houfe v^rill pleafe to receive the 
fame. 

Ordered, 
That the Report be made Immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. Crane reported the Refolutions of the Committee as 
follow, viz. 

I Refolved, 
That in and by the faid Bill when pafTed into a Law there be paid to 
his Excellency William Franklin, Efq. Governor of this Colony, 

at 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 187 

at the Rate of ;^. 1200 per Annum Proclamation Money, to commence 
the Firft Day of O^ober laft ; and on the Queflion, whether the Houfe 
agrees to the faid Refolution or not ? It pafled in the Affirmative as 
follows, Rjiz, 



Yeas. 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Demareji, 
Col. Ford, 
Mr. Winds. 



Yeas. 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Heivlings, 
Mr. Paxfon, 
Mr. Hinch?nan, 
Mr. Price, 
Mr. Holme, 
Mr. E/dridge, 



Yeas. 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Van Home, 
Mr. Pettit. 



Nays. 
Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Weiherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Sv>^^/, 
Mr. i/^«^, 
who voted for £. 1 000. 



2. To Danjid Ogden, Efq. one of the Juftices of the Supreme Court 
of this Colony at the Rate of ^. 150 per Annum, Money aforefaid ; and 
on the Queflion, whether the Houfe agrees thereto or not ? It paffed 
in the Affirmative as follows, 'viz. 



Yeas. 


Yeas. 


Nays. 


Nays. 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Hinchman, 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Df/, 


Mr. Fijher, 


Mr. Price, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. De-marefl, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. Holme, 


Mr. Moores, 


Mr. fI7«d'j, 


Col. Ford, 


Mr. Mehelm, 


Mr. Tfly/(?r, 


Mr. H««i/, 


Mr. Kinfey, 


Mr. Sheppard, 


Mr. Laivrence, 


Mr. Eldridge, 


Mr. Heivlings, 


Mr. Elmer, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Paxfon, 


Mr. ra?i Home, 


who voted for 


£. 100. 


Mr. Sykes, 


Mr. Pi'////. 







3. To Richard Stockton, Efq. one of the Juftices of the Supreme 
Court of this Colony at the Rate of ;^. ij'o per Annum, Money afore- 
faid ; and on the Queftion, whether the Houfe agrees thereto or not ? 
It was carried in the Affirmative as follows, viz. 



Yeas. 

Mr. Crane, 

Mr. Fifoer, 

Mr. Roy, 

Col. Ford, 

Mr. Kinfey, 

Mr. Heivlings, 

Mr. Paxfon, 

Mr. Sykes, 

Mr. Hinchman, 

Mr. Pr/Vi", 



Yeas. 

Mr. Holme, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. £/OTfr, 
Mr. F^« Home, 
Mr. Pf«//. 



Nays. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. T^^-Zor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Garritfe, 



Nays. 

Mr. D^7, 
Mr. Demarefi, 
Mr. PF/n^j-> 
Mr. H^n^, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 



who voted for ^. 1 00. 



4. To Cortland Skinner, Efq. Attorney-General of this Colony at the 
Rate of £". 40 per Annum, Money aforefaid ; on the Queflion, whether 
the Houfe agrees thereto or not ? It pafled in the Affirmative ^s 
follows, viz. 



Yeas 



V 



1 88 VOTES, 


Sec. of /^^ General Assembly 


o/' New-Jersey. 


Yeas. 


Yeas. 


Nays. 


Nays. 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Pax/on, 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. S;'/&fj, 


Mr. Wetheriil, 


Mr. E/dridge, 


Mr. Fiper, 


Mr. Hincbman, 


Mr. itfoorfj, 


Mr. r«f/^d-r, 


Mr. Roy, 


Mr. //o/wf, 


Mr. Toy /or, 


Mr. Sheppard, 


Mr. Danarejl, 


Mr. Mchelm, 


Mr. Lawrence, 


Mr. Elmer, 


Col. for^. 


Mr. r<z« Home, 


Mr. Df^, 




Mr. H7«^j, 


Mr. P^'/^/V. 


Mr. Pr/Vf, 




Mr. Kinfey, 




who voted for /" -:>o. 


Mr. Hewlings, 









5. To Sanmel Smith and _7(5/7M Smyth, Efquires, Treafurers of this 
Colony, each at the Rate of £. 40 per Annum, Money aforefaid ; to 
which the Houfe agreed. 

6. To the Clerk of the Council for the Time being, at the Rate of 
£. 30 per Annum, Money aforefaid ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

7. To the Agent of the Colony for the Time being, at the Rate of 
£. 100 per Annum, Money aforefaid ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

Ordered, 
That the further Confideration of the faid Report be referred till 
To-morrow Afternoon. 

A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary P^mV. 

A Message to the Assembly. 
Gentlefuen, 

ID O not at prefent conceive that any Mode can be contrived more 
eligible than the one already provided by the Conftitution for call- 
ing the late Eaftern Treafurer to an Account. Your Reafons for 
apprehending that an Information will not anfwer the Purpofe of doing 
Juftice between the Colony and him, are not mentioned. If they were, 
perhaps they might be as convincing to me as they are to your Houfe. 
However, as you have thought fit, previous to your Application to 
me on this Head, to order a Bill to be brought in for the Purpofe, I 
have only to fay that fliould it pafs the Council, and not appear to me 
to contain any thing improper, it will certainly meet with my 
Concurrence. 

March 2d, 1 7 74. W«- F R A N K L I N. 



Which was read. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Thu7'fday, March 3, 1774. 



The Houfe met. 

Mr. Laivrence, from the Committee appointed to that Service, 
brought in a Bill, entitled, An Adl: to authorize the prefent Treafurer of 
the Eqjiern Divifion, to bring an A^ion againfl the late Treafurer for 

the 



j^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 189 

the Momes /aid to be Jiolen from the Treafury, and for other Purpofes 
therein mentioned; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from fundry Freeholders and 
Inhabitants of the Townfliip of Amivell, in the County of Hunterdon^ 
praying a Law to enable them to repair their publick Roads by Tax, 
which Petition was read ; 
Ordered^ 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next Seflion, 
provided no reafonable Objection fliall then appear againft the fame. 

Mr. Taylor reported, that Mr. Laivrence and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

A Meffage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

-4 M E S S A G E /O <Vp^ A S S E M B L Y. 

Gentle}7!en, 

IT would anfwer no good Purpofe to the Province were I to give 
my Affent to a Bill for flriking One Hundred Thoufand Pounds 
in Bills of Credit, if they were made a legal Tender to the Commif- 
fioners of the Loan-OfEce. The Law would in that Cafe be precifely 
the fame as the one paiFed in 1769, which was difallowed by the 
Crown. The Adl of Parliament pafled at the lafl SelTion, though it 
permits the iffuing fuch Bills towards defraying Expences incurred for 
publick Services, and the making them when ilTued a legal Tender to 
the Treafury for the Difcharge of any Taxes, <^x. yet it makes no Al- 
teration in the Acl of the 4th of the prefent Reign with refpecT: to the 
Emitting of Money upon Loan. If, however, you fhould think fuch 
an A61 would be ufeful to the Publick at this Time, you may (as the 
neighbouring Colony of Pennfyl'vania did before the Palling of the laft 
A(5t of Parliament) pafs a Bill for the Sum you propofe without mak- 
ing it even a Tender to the Loan-OfEce. The Currency of the Bills will 
be equally good, and the Security to the Borrowers of their being re- 
ceived by the Commiffioners in Difcharge of the Mortgages may be 
made as ftrong without a Law as with one. — Should you approve of 
this Expedient, and make proper fpecial Appropriations of Part of the 
Intereft, and the Remainder to be difpofed of by future Ads of the 
Legiflature, I fliall not refufe it my Affent with fuch a fufpending 
Claufe as you mention, 

March 3, 1774. \Vn- FRANKLIN. 

Which was read. 

A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Parker. 

Council-Chamber, March i, 1774. 
Ordered, 
nr^ HAT Mr. Parker do carry to the Houfe of Affembly the Bill, 
-*■ entitled. An Adl more effectually to prevent the erecting of Lotteries^ 
and felling of Lottery Tickets ivithin this Colony ; and alfo the Bill, enti- 
tled, An Act to relieve Sarah Ely, Ifaac De Cow and David Brearley, 

Z z jun. 



ipo VOTES, 8cc. o/' ^Af General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



jun. "With RefpeB to the Lofs of tivo Title Deeds by Fire, with the feveral 
Amendments to each of the faid Bills, and acquaint them that this 
Houfe have palTed the fame as amended, and defire their Concurrence 
thereto. 

CHA. PETTI T, D. Clerk. 
Ordered^ 
That the Confideration of the Amendments to the Lottery Bill be 
deferred. 

The Bill/or the Relief of Sarah Ely, Ifaac De Cow and David Brear- 
ley, jun. was read with the Amendments in their Places, and, upon the 
Queftion, the Houfe agreed to the faid Amendments ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill as amended by the Council be re-engrofTed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

The Houfe took into Confideration the Council's Amendments made 
to the Bill, entitled, A71 Adl more effeilually to prevent the ereBing of 
Lotteries, and felling of Lottery Tickets ivithin this Colony, and the fame 
being read in their Places, were agreed to by the Houfe; 
Ordered, 

That the laid Bill be re-engrofled with the Council's Amendments. 

The Bill Re-engrofTed with the Council's Amendments, entitled, An 
A61 to relieve Sarah Ely, Ifaac De Cow and David Brearley, jiin. ivith 
Refpetl to the Lofs of tivo Title Deeds by Fire^ was read and compared j 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Hand and Mr. Garritfe do carry the faid Bill to the Covincil. 

Mr. Hand reported, that Mr. Garritfe and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intruded to Mr. Smith, one of the Gentlemen of the Coun- 
cil, the Council not then fitting. 

The Bill, entitled. An A(5t to anthorize the prefent Treafurer of the 
Fafcrn Dinjfton to bring an ABion againfl the late Treafurer for the 
Monies faid to be flolen from the Treafiiry, and for other Purpofes therein 
mentioned, was read the fecond Time, amended in the Houfe, and upon 
the Queftion agreed to, and ordered to be engrofl!ed. 

Mr. Sheppard had Leave of Abfence during the Remainder of the 
Seflion, upon urgent Occafions. 

A MefiTage from the Council by Mr. Laivrence. 

Ordered, CounciltCh amber, March 3, 1774. 

'np HAT Mr. Laivrence do carry the Bill, entitled, An A&. to enable 
^ the Oivners and PoJfeJJors of the loiv Lands, Meadoivs and Sivamps on 
both Sides of AflTunpink Brook, 8cc. with the Amendments thereto an- 
nexed, 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKI.IN, Efg. Governor. 191 

nexed, to the Houfe of Aflembly, and defire ^their Concurrence in the 
faid Amendments, 

By Order of the Houfe^ 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk, 

The fald Bill being read, with the Amendments in their Places ; on 
the Queftion, 
Ordered^ 
That the faid Bill as amended be re-engrofled. 

Upon Motion made, and Information given to the Houfe, that the 
Clerk of the Circuits of this Colony has charged in his Bills of Cofls, 
and received travelling Charges at the Rate of 1 2/^ per Day unwarranted 
by Law; 

The Houfe thereupon refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on the faid Grievance ; and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. 
Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fifloer^ Chairman of the Com- 
mittee, reported, that the Committee had gone through the Matters to 
them referred, and had come to one Refolution, which he was ready 
to report whenever the Houfe will pleafe to receive the fame ; 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. Fi/Joer reported the Refolution as follows, viz. 
Refolved, 

That the Clerk of the Circuits charging and receiving i-f's. Day for' 
travelling Charges is, in the Opinion of this Committee, unauthorized 
by any Law of this Colony, therefore illegal, and a Grievance ; to 
which the Houfe agreed. 

The Houfe refumed the Confideration of the Report from the Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe on the Support Bill: 

8. To the Clerk of the Circuits for the Time being, refiding in this 
Colony, the Sum of Tiventy Pounds per Annum, Money aforel'aid ; to 
which the Houfe agreed. 

9. To the Doorkeeper of the Council of this Colony, at the Rate of 
Ten Pounds per Annum, Money aforefaid ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

10. To his Excellency William Franklin, Efq. at the Rate of Sixty 
Pounds per Annum, Money aforefaid, for Houfe Rent, provided he 
makes Perth-Amboy or Burlington the Place of his Refidence ; to which 
the Houfe agreed. 

I r. To any Juftlce of the Supreme Court of this Colony, for attend- 
ing the Circuit Courts and Courts of Oyer and Terminer in the Man- 
ner preferibed by the faid Adl, the Sum of Ten Pounds for each Time j 
to which the Houfe agreed. 

12. To each of the Council, for the Time they may attend at any 
Sitting of General AfTembly within the Time, Six Shillings per Day. 

On the Queftion, whether the Sum be Six Shillings or Eight Shil- 
lings per Diem ? It was carried for Six Shillings as follows, viz. 

For 



192 VOTES, &:c. ©/"/Af General AssExMBLY o/" New-Jersey. 



For Eight Shillings per Diem. 
Mr. Cra?ie, Mr. Winds, 



Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Demarejl, 
Col. f^r^, 



Mr. Gibbon, 
Mr. £//«(rr, 
Mr. f^w Home, 
Mr. Pf////. 



For Six Shillin 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wethcrill, 
Mr. Moora, 
Mr. r^;r/or, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. A";«/27, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Prt,v/o«, 



gs per Diem. 

Mr Sykes, 
IV!lr. Hinchmartt 
Mr. Pr;V^, 
Mr. i/o/w^, 
Mr. H««d^, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm. 



13. To Richard Smith, one of the Clerks of the Houfe of Reprefen- 
tatives, or any other Clerk, for his Attendance, the Sum of Ten Shillings 
per Day, for the Time he hath or fhall attend at any Sitting of General 
Aflembly during the Continuance of this Adl. Alfo the Sum of i^oMr- 
pence per Sheet, reckoning Ninety Words to a Sheet, for entering the 
Minutes of any Sitting during the Continuance of this Adt, fair in 
the Journals, and copying the Laws and Minutes for the Printer ; and 
to the faid Richard Smith the Sum of £. 25 for Pen, Ink and Paper, and 
hiring Clerks to forward the Bufinefs of this Seflion j to which the 
Houfe agreed. 

14. To Charles Pettit, Efq. Deputy-Secretary, or to the Deputy-Se- 
cretary for the Time being, for copying publick Laws to fend Home 
to England during the Continuance of this Acl, Four-pence per Sheet, 
reckoning Ninety Words to the Sheet, and to the faid Charles Pettit 
Tiventy Pounds for extraordinary Services ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

15. To each of the Treafurers of this Colony Six-pence per Pound, 
for exchanging ragged and torn Bills of Credit of this Colony ; to which 
the Houfe agreed. 

1 6. To IJ'aac Collins, or any other Printer hereafter to be appointed, 
for Printing the Minutes of the Houfe of Reprefentatives of any Sitting 
during the Continuance of this Acl, and for Printing the Laws pafTed 
at any Sitting as aforefaid, or any other Printing, fuch Sums 2LsHe7idrick 
Fijher, Stephen Crane, 'James Kinfey and Thomas Polgreen Heivlings, 
Efquires, or any two of them, fhall agree to be paid for the faid Service ; 
to which the Houle agreed. 

17. To the Sergeant at Arms for the Time being, who fhall attend 
the Council, the Sum oi Three Shillings per Diem ; and to the Sergeant 
at Arms, who fhall attend the Houle of Reprefentatives, the Sum of 
Three Shillings per Diem ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

18. To the Doorkeeper of the Houfe of Reprefentatives for the Time 
being, who fhall attend the Houfe in Manner aforefaid, the Sum of 
77?/-^^ Shillings and Six-pence per Diem ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

1 9. To his Excellency the Governor, or his Order, any Sum not 
exceeding £. 1400 to be by him applied for the Repairs and ufual Fur- 
niture of the Barracks, and the Support of His Majefly's Troops 
quartered therein. 

20. To the Speaker and every of the Members of the Houfe of 
Reprefentatives for the Time each of them fhall attend at any Sitting of 
General AlTembly, during the Continuance of this Adl:, Six Shillings 
per Diem ; on the Queftion, whether the Sum be Six Shillings or Eight 
Shillings per Diem? Ic was carried for Six Shillings as follows, viz. 

For 



j^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 193 

For Six Shillings. For Eight Shillings. 

Mr. Combi, Mr. Sykes, Mr. Crane, Mr. Winds, 

Mr. Wetberill, Mr. Hinchman, Mr. Garritfe, Mr. Gibbon, 

Mr. Moores, Mr. Pr/Vf, Mr. Fijher, Mr. £/ffi^r, 

Mr. Tizj/or, Mr. Holme, Mr. iJcij, Mr. Van Home, 

Mr. Lawrence, Mr. //««<^, Mr. D^j, Mr. P^/W. 

Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Eldridge, Mr. Demareji, 

Mr. Hewlings, Mr. Twr/^^/-, Col. Port/, 

Mr. Pax/on, Mr. Mebelm. 

Ordered, 
That the Bill yi;r Support of Government, as reported and agreed to, 
be engrofled. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Friday, March 4, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Acl to authorize the prefent Treafiirer 
of the Eajlern Dhnfion to bring an A^ion againji the late Treafurer for the 
Monies f aid to befiolenfrom the Treafiiry, and for other Purpofes therein 
mentioned, was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolded Nem. Con. 

That the fame do pafs. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Hinchman do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for their Concurrence, and inform them that the Bill pafled this 
Houfe unanimoufly ; 

That the Houfe are very defirous to bring the Affair of the Robbery 
of the Eaftern Treafury to fome Determination, and for that Purpole 
have framed a Bill fuch as they apprehend will effedlually anfwer ; but 
that, as it may be poflible the Council may not approve of the whole of 
the Bill, and as this Houfe are exceedingly unwilling that this Seffion 
fhould be pafTed over without fome Meafiires being fixed on to bring 
that Matter to an End, they requeft the Council would be pleafed to 
beftow their Attention as foon as they can on the Bill, and acquaint the 
Houfe with their Determination. 

A Message from the Council by Mr. Stockton, acquainting the 
Houfe, that the Council have palTed the Bill, entitled. An Ad for 
the viorefpeedy Recovery of Legacies in this Province, and for affirnmig 
fuch Acis of Adniinifrators bona Fide do7ie before Notice of a E^ill ; and 
likewlfe the Bill, entitled, A fupplementary Adi to an Act, entitled, An 
Act for the more effectual Difcovery and Punifhment of the Critne oj Horfe 
Stealing, without any Amendments. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

3 A Mr. 



l94 VOTES^ Sec. of the GEiiEKAL Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Hinchman and himfelf delivered the 
Bill and Meflage with them intrufled to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe, adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Saturday, March 5, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill Re-engrofTed with the Council's Amendments, entitled, An 
A61 more effeciually to prevent the ere fling of Lotteries, and felling of Lot" 
tery Tickets within this Colony, was read and compared ; 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Th-e Bill Re-engroffed with the Council's Amendments, entitled. An 
A(5l to enable the Oivners and PoffeJJors of the loiv Lands, Meadows and 
Sivatnps on both Sides of AlTunpink Brook, from the Line commonly called 
George Keith'j to the Lands of John Ely, to remove the Ohftrii£lions to 
the free Courfe of the Waters of the fame Brook, was read and com- 
pared ; 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Combs and Mr. Taylor do carry thofe two Bills to the 
Council. 

Message from the Covmcil by Mr. Parker, defirlng the Concur- 
rence of this Houfe to certain Amendments made by the Council 
to the Bill, entitled. An A61: to oblige the Treafurers of the Colony of New- 
Jerfey to give Security for the due Execution of their Offices, and to pre- 
fcribe the Mode in which the fame Security fljall be taken. 
Ordered, 
That the Confideration thereof be deferred. 

A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

A Message to the Assembly. 
Gentlemen, 

IN my Meflage to you refpedling the Evidence of Ford's being con- 
cerned in the Robbery of the Treafury, I mentioned that " Cooper 
" had declared, that the Prefs which Ford had before he went to Eng- 
" land was for one Bill only, and as the Prefs which he had ufed fince 
" his Return, and which had been feized by the Sheriff could not pof- 
*' fibly, as it was defcribed to me, pnnt more than one Bill at a Time, 
" 1 thought this Circumftance gave great Weight to the Suppofition 
*' that Ford had PoflTefllon of the Treafury Money," efpecially as Rey- 
nolds, Biidd and Mains, as well as Cooper, mentioned the feeing Ford 
with Money in Sheets. As I thought it proper to communicate to you 
every Thing in my Power that had any Relation to that important Af- 
fair, or could tend to throw any Light upon it, I ordered the Sheriff 
of Morris to bring down the faid Prefs and all the Apparatus for print- 
ing Money belonging to Ford, which he, the Sheriff, had feized, and 

were 



A 



i^h G. Iir. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 195 



were then in his Pofleflion. He accordingly brought them down ; and 
that you may have an Opportunity of infpecling them, and judging 
for yourfelves with Regard to what I faid concerning the Prefs, I have 
ordered the Secretary to lay them before your Houfe with this Meflage. 

March Sy 1774- W^- F R A N K L I N. 

Which was read, and Mr. D. Secretary laid before the Houfe the 
Printing Prefs and Apparatus mentioned in the MeHage, which were 
infpecled by the Members. 

The Houfe, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Committee of 
the whole Houfe on the Bill for Jir iking £. 100,000 in Bills of Credit ; 
and, after fome Time I'pent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and 
Mr. Crane, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee 
had made fome further Progrefs in the Bill, and defired Leave to fit 
again ; 

Ordered, 

That the faid Committee do fit again. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

Mr. Combs reported, that Mr. Taylor and himfelf delivered the two 
Bills with them intrufled to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe took into CoufiJeration the Amendments made by the 
Council to the Bill, entitled, An A<Et to oblige the Treajurers of the Colony 
o/' New-Jerfey to giiie Security for the due Execution of their Offices, and 
to prefcribe the Mode in nvhich the fame Security floall be taken ; and the 
Bill being read with the Amendments in their Places, upon the Queftioa 
feverally put upon the Amendments, the Houfe agreed to the Firflr, 
Second, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth and Tenth, and difagreed to 
the Third, Fifth and Ninth, and in thofe Parts adhere to the Bill. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Heivlings and Mr. Mehelm do carry back the faid Bill and 
Amendments to the Council, and acquaint them therewith. 

Mr. Heivlings reported, that Mr. Mehelm and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufled to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Commit- 
tee of the whole Houfe on the Bill for friking One Hundred Thoufand 
Pounds in Bills of Credit; and, after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker 
refumed the Chair, and Mr. Crane, Chairman of the Committee, re- 
ported, that the Committee had gone through the Bill, and had made 
fundry Amendments thereto, which he was ready to report whenever 
the Houie will pleafe to receive the fame. 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made on Monday next. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Nine o'Clock. 
Monday, March 7, 1774. 

The Houfe met. A 



jpd VOTES, &c. of ?/?<? General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Stockton. 

Council-Chamber, March 5-, 1774. 
Ordered, 

'"p HAT Mr. Stockton do carry the Bill, entitled, An A61 to autho- 
-*■ rize the prefent Treafurer of the Eajiern Divifon to bring an ASiion 
againfl the late Treafurer for the Monies f aid to bejiolen from the Treafury^ 
and for other Purpofes therein mentioned, with the Amendments thereto 
annexed, to the Houfe of Aflembly, and defire their Concurrence in 
the faid Amendments. 

And that Mr. Stockton do inform the AfTembly, that this Houfe, ever 
attentive to what they conceive the true Interefts and Conflitution of 
their Country, and equally defirous with the Aflembly to bring the 
Affair of the Robbery of the Eallern Treafury to fome Determination, 
hope that the AlTembly (by their unufual Meflage which accompanied 
this Bill when fent up to this Houfe) do not mean to convey an Idea, 
that this Houfe would not beft;ow as early and fufEcient Attention to 
the Bill as the Importance of it fliould require, without being thus 
put in Mind of their Duty. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, Z). C/^r^. 

The Houfe taking the faid Bill and Amendments into Confideration ; 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Mehelm and Mr. Hohne do carry back the faid Bill and 
Amendments to the Council and inform them, that this Houfe have 
agreed to all the faid Amendments except the 12th, to which they have 
difagreed, and made an Amendment in thefe Words, to wit, " John 
" Wetherill, James Kinfey and Robert Friend Priced' to be inferted in 
the Place of Samuel Tucker, Richard Laivrence and Johji Combs, junior, 
and requefl that the Council will concur with this Houfe in the above 
Amendment to the Amendment of the Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Mehelm reported, that Mr. Hohne and himfelf delivered the Bill 
and Amendments with them intruded to the Speaker in Council. 

A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Laivrence. 

Council-Chamber, March 7, 1774. 
Ordered, 

HAT Mr. Laijurence do carry the Bill, entitled, An A61 to authorize 
the prefent Treafurer of the Eafern Divifon to bring 'an ASlion 
againft the late Treafurer for the Monies faid to be fiolen from the Treafury^ 
and for other Purpofes therein mentioned^ with the Amendments thereto 
annexed, to the Houfe of Aflembly, and acquaint them, that this Houle 

agrees 



T 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 197 



agrees to the Amendment made to the faid Amendments by the Houfe 
of AfTembly, as mentioned in their Meflage of this Day. 

And that Mr. Laivrence do alfo carry the Bill, entitled. An Ad to 
oblige the Treafurers of the Colony of New-Jerfey to give Security for the 
due Execution of their Offices^ and to prefcribe the Mode in ivhich the 
fame Security fhall be taken, with the Amendments thereto annexed 
to the Houfe of Aflembly, and acquaint them, that this Houfe does 
recede from the Fifth of the faid Amendments, and as to all the Reft 
of the faid Amendments this Houfe doth adhere to them. 

By Order of the Houfe^ 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 
Ordered, 
That the Bill for authorizing the prefent Treafurer of the Eaflern 
Divfion to bring an A^ion againfi the late Treafurer, be re-engroUed 
with the Amendments agreed upon by both Houfes. 

Ordered, 

That Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Fijloer, Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Laivrence, Mr. 
Paxfon, Mr. Price and Mr. Hinchman, be a Committee to meet a Com- 
mittee of the Council in free Conference on the Subjedl Matter of the 
Bill /or obliging the Treafurers to give Security, together with the Amend- 
ments made to the fame by the Council. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Combs and Mr. Hand do acquaint the Council thereof and 
defire them to appoint a Committee of their Houfe accordingly, toge- 
ther with the Time and Place of Meeting. 

Mr. Combs reported, that Mr. Hand and himfelf delivered the Mef- 
fage of the Houfe with them intrufled to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Crane, from the Committee of the whole Houfe on the Bill 
entitled, An A&.for fr iking One Hundred Thoufand Pounds in Bills of 
Credit, and directing the Mode for finking the fame, according to Order, 
reported the faid Bill with the Amendments ; and the Bill being read 
with the Amendments in their Places, on the Queflion, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill as amended be engroffed. 

A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Parker, 

Council-Chamber, March'], 1774. 
Ordered, 
'T"*' HAT Mr. Stockton, Mr. Coxe and Mr. Laivrence, or any two of 
-*■ them, be a Committee to meet a Committee of the Houfe of 
AfTembly in a free Conference on the Subje6l of the Bill, entitled, An 
A6l to oblige the Treafurets of the Colony of New-Jerfey to give Security 
for the due Execution of their Offices, and to prefcribe the Mode in ivhich 
the fame Security flmll be taken, together with the Amendments made 
thereto by this Houfe ; at which Conference Mr. Speaker is requefted 
to allift the Committee of this Houfe. 

3 B Ordered, 



198 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey, 

Ordered, 
That'Mr, Parker do acquaint the Houfe of Aflembly therewith, and 
that the faid Committees are to meet at the Houfe of Jofeph Haight at 
Six o'clock this Evening. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 
The Houfe adjourned till Ten o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Tiiefday, March 8, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill Re-engrofled, with the Amendments agreed upon by the 
Council and Houfe of R.eprefentatives, entitled, An Adl to authorize the 
prefent Treafurer of the Eafiern Divifion to bring an Action againfl the 

late 

Dr. JOSEPH HOLLINSHEAD, Efq. Mufter— 



To the Amount of Cafli received of S. Smith, 
Efq. Treafurer, from April i8th 1758, until 
May i£t/j 1759, as per Treafurer's Ac- 
count, £. 17,721 7 o 



£' ^7,7^-^ 7 



Dr. JOSEPH hole INS HE A D, Efq. one of the Barrack- 
To Balance due the Province on his Account 

as Mufter-Mafter, /*• 13^ 15 ^ 

To Cafli received of S. Smith, Efq. Treafurer, 100 

To 33^ Cord Wood, at iif. — — 20 

To Balance due Mr, HolUnJhead, — — — — 24 10 2 

£. aSi 5 8 



i^ih G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 199 



late Treafurer of the faid Divifion, for the Simi of Six Thoufand Five 
Hundred and Seventy Pounds Nine Shillings and Four-pence, for ivhich 
the faid late Treafurer claims Allouoance in his Accounts, alledging the fame 
to have been flokn from the Treafury^ and for other Purpofes therein men" 
tioned, having been read and compared ; 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Dey and Mr. Taylor do carry the faid Bill to the Council. 

The Floufe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Dey reported, that Mr. Taylor and himfelf delivered the Bill 
■with them intruded to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr, FifJjer, from the Committee appointed to fettle publick Accounts, 
made the following Reports ; to which the Houfe agreed, ■viz. 

Mafter, to the Province of N E JV-J E R S E T, . Cr. 

1774, 

By the Amount of fundry Vouchers from 

the Year 1758 to this Date, examined 

and allowed, - — £. 17,001 2 2 

By Cafli paid S. Smith, Treafurer, 4^3 ij 4 

By Ditto paid ditto, 129 14 

By Balance due the Province, 136 15 6 

£. 17,721 7 o 
Mafters, to the Province of NEW- JERSEY, Contra Cr. 



ID 



By Sundries as per Account, examined 

and allowed, £. 142 

By Balance due him on his Barrack Ac- 
count in the Year 1758, as fettled with 
him and Mr. Hartjhorne, 58 15 

By his Salary as Barrack-Mafter for eight 

Years, at ^. 10 per Annum, > 80 



r-28i 5 8 

TH E Committee for publick. Accounts having examined the Accounts of Jofeph HollinJIjtad, 
Efq. as one of the Mufter-Mafters for the Colony from the Year 1758, taking in an Account 
reported September 25th 1762, by John Ogden, John Hart and John Laivrence, Efqrs. in which 
a Miftake was alledged by Mr. HMnfnead, and which we apprehend was the Cafe. On the whole, 
your Committee find a Balance due to the Province of /. 136 : 15 : 6, which we charge to Mr. 
Hcllinjhead's Account as Barrack-Mafter ; and on Settlement of his faid Account as Barrack-Maf- 
ter, your Committee find a Balance due to Mr. HollinJIyead of /. 24 : 16:2, which we refer to the 
Committee on the Lottery Accounts, to be credited in his Lottery Account. 
All ixihich is fub}?iitted to the Houfe by 

Hendrick Fisher, 
Errors excepted, March S, 1774. Samuel Tucker, 



John Mehelm, 
Robert Friend Price. 



The 



20O VOTES, &c. o/" ^^f General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 

' — — ^ — — ^ — ■ ■• ■■ ■ - — . < 

The Houfe adjourned till Ten o'CIock To-morrow Morning. 

JVedneJday, Maixh p, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, An hOt for the Support of Government of 
ffisMajeJiys Colony 0/' New-Jerfey, to commence the frjl Day of OGtohtr 
One Thoujand Seven Hundred and Seventy-three^ and to end thefirfl Day of 
Odlober One Thoufand Seven Hundred and Seventy four, and to difcharge 
the piiblick Debts and contingent Charges thereof was read and com- 
pared, 

Refolved Nem. Con. 

That the fame do pafs. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. FifJ^r, Mr. Wether ill, Mr. Crane, Mr. Faxfon, Col. Ford, 
Mr. Dey and Mr. Garritfe do carry the faid Bill to the Council for 
Concurrence. 

Mr. Fifher reported, that the other Gentlemen and himfelf, accord- 
ing to Order, delivered the Support Bill to the Speaker in Council. 

On Motion made, 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Mehelm do wait on his Excellency and 
inform him, 

That this Houfe have received a Meffage from the Council, informing 
them, that the Bill, entitled. An Adl to authorize the prefent Treafurer 
of the Eajlern Divifion to bring an Atiion againfl the late Treafurer of the faid 
Divifion, for the Sum of Six Thoufand Five Hundred and Seventy Pounds 
Nine Shillings and Four-pence, for ivhich the faid late Treafurer claims 
Allowance in his Accounts, alledging the fame to have been folenfrom the 
Treafury, and for other Purpofes therein mentioned, has pafTed that Houfe, 
and therefore do requeft that his Excellency will be pleafed to inform 
this Houfe, whether he will give his AfTent thereto or not, in order if 
the laft fhould be the Cafe, they may endeavour to fall on fome other 
Expedient to effedl the final Settlement of that Affair, or make Provifion 
to profecute the Suit pointed out by his Excellency in his Anfwer of 
the 14th of February lafl pafl to a MelTage of this Houfe. 

Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr, Mehehn and himfelf delivered the 
Meffage of the Houfe with them intrufled to his Excellency, who was 
pleafed to fay, the Houfe fhould hear from him. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, An A(^ forjlriking One Hundred ThoU' 
fund Pounds in Bills of Credit, a?id direiling the Mode for finking the 
fame, was read and compared ; on the Queflion, 
Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Yeas. 



i^th G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 201 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Weiherill, 
Mr. Moores, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr Garritfe, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Demareji, 
Col. i^orJ, 
Mr. r77«^j, 
Mr. Heivlings, 
Mr. Prtx/o?z, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mchelin, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Frt« Home, 
Mr. Pf«;V. 



Nays. 
Mr. A'/?j/6j, 
Mr. S_y/'fj-, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. PnVf, 
Mr. //o/;«^, 
Mr. H«K^, 
Mr. Eldridge. 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Tucker and Mr. £/w2^r do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

Three Petitions were prefented to the Houfe from different Parts of 
the County of Monmouth, fetting forth Reafons againft the Bill /or the 
more equitable Manumiffion of Slaves ; which Petitions being read, 

Ordered, 
That the fame be referred to the next Sefhon. 

Mr. Tucker reported, that Mr. Elmer and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufled to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Fijher, from the Committee on publick Accounts, made the fol- 
lowing Reports ; to which the Houfe agreed, viz. 

Dr. John Barker in Account with the Province of New-J'Ersey, Ck. 



1773- 

Nov. 17. 



By Amount of his Account 
againft the Province for 
Materials found and Work 
done to the Houfe in 
which the Aflembly now 
fits /. 7 



3i 



Dr. John Carty in Account with the Province of New-Jersey. Cr. 



i773> 
Nov, 



By Amount of his Charge 
for carrying the Circu- 
lar Letters — /. 20 



O o 



Dr. Daniel Bacon in Account with the Province of New-Jersey, Cr. 



1774. 

Feb. 20. By Amount of his Account 
for Andirons, &c. for the 
Ufe of the Houfe of 
Aflembly £. 1 12 5 



3C 



Dr. 



202 VOTES, S(.c. of /^f General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



Dr. Henrt Writer in Account with the Province of New-Jersey, Cr. 

1774. 

Fe6. By Amount of his Account 'n/ 

for Whitewafliing the / 
Houfe of Affembly, &c. 

/. o 14 8 

XTZ E, the Committee appointed to fettle publick Accounts, Report, that wc 
^ ^ have examined the above Accounts, and do allow the fame. 

Hendrick Fisher, 
Burlington, Feb. 23, 1774. Robert Friend Price, 

Thomas P. Hewlings. 



CORTLAND SKINNER, Efq. to the Province of New-Jersey, 



pR. 



Contra 

By his Account of Ca(h 
paid Exprefles from 
Morris to Philadel- 
phia and elfewhere, 
refpefting the Money 
Coiners and Counter- 
feiters ■ £ 



Cr. 



By Ditto paid for the 
People propofed to be 
fent after Ford, &c. 

By Ditto paid for poft- 
age of Letters from 
the Colonies, — 



14 8 4 



16 6 



I 10 



/• 3^ 5 8 



Mr. JOS EP H BORDE N, to the Province of New-Jersey, 



Dr. 

I774> 

Feb. 19. To the Amount of 20 
Shirts, 48 pair Ticken 
Drawers, 39 Blankets 
fold at Vendue, per Or- 
der of the former Houfe 
as per Account — — /. ai 10 5 



Contra 



Cr. 



/. 21 10 5 



'774. 

Feb. 19. By Benjamin Levy of 

the aforefaid Goods 

loft by faid Levy proving 

Infolvent, £• ^ 7 '^ 



By Balance due to the 
Province, — — 1 5 



3 S 



£. 21 10 5 



Dr. DANIEL £ L L / S, Efq. late Barrack-Mafler, Contra Cr. 



774. 

Feb. 19. To Cafh received of the 
Overfeef of the Poor 
of Burlington for fix 
Months Rent of the 

Hofpital, £.z o o 

To Balance due Da- 

tiiel Ellis, Efq. —781 

£-9 8 , 



1774. 

Feb. 19. By the Amount of his 

Account in full to this 

Day /. 9 8 1 



/• 9 8 



Dr. 



i^ib G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 203 

JONATHAN DEARE, to the Province of New-Jersey, 
Dr. Contra Cr. 

By Cafti paid for Fares of 
the Affembly Cheft and 
Ferriages, from Augujl 
1770, charged to him 
by Butler, for which 
he fays he has his Re- 
ceipt /• o 17 8 

By Ca(h paid for a new 

Cheft, ' ■ o 19 II 

/. I 17 7 



Dr. JAMES KINS ET, E{q. Contra Cr. 

By Cafli paid for Shovel, 
Tongs, Baiz, and fix 
Chairs, ■ ^.480 



\J{7 E, the Committee for fettling pubUck Accounts, do Report, that we have 
' " examined the above Accounts, and do allow the fame. 

Hendrick Fisher, 
March 9, 1774. John Mehelm, 

Robert Friend Price, 
Thomas P. Hewlings. 

TheHoufe adjourned till Nine o'CIock To-morrow Morning. 
Thurjday, March lo, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill, entitled, An A(5l appointing Commijftoners for laying out^ mak- 
ing and keeping in Repair certain Roads to and from Paulus-Hook, in the 
County o/" Bergen, was read the fecond Time; on the Queftion, 
Ordered^ 

That the fame do lie on the Table. 

The feveral Petitions for and againfl removing the Eaftern Treafurer 
from his Office, were, according to Order, read the fecond Time. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. ill 

The Houfe met. 

A Meffage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

A Message to the Assembly. 
Gentlemen^ 
T N a MelTage which I received from you at the laft Seffion you in- 
■*• formed me that " the Members of your Houfe would in their feveral 
" Counties countenance the taking the Lifts of the Inhabitants, as 
" propofed by me, at the Time of the next AflefTment." Whether this 

has 



204 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey, 



has been done I know not, but I have not as yet been able to get complete 
Returns from feveral of the Counties. An Account of fuch as I have I 
now lay before you, and I doubt not but you will think with me that 
it might be of publick Service in feveral Refpecfts were the Legiflature 
furniflied with fuch Returns annually, or at leaft once in five Years. 
However, as I have lately received a Letter from the Right Honourable 
the Earl of Dartmouth, one of His Majefty's principal Secretaries of State, 
informing me that it is His Majefty's Orders that I tranfmit him an 
J Account of the Number of Inhabitants Whites and Blacks, within 
this Colony, I muft requeft that you would enable me to procure fuch 
an Account as loon as pofTible. This has been already done by the 
Allemblies in feveral of the Colonies, and I hope you will not let this 
Seffion pafs over without making fome proper Provifion for the 
Purpofe, 

March lo, 1774. W"- FRANKLIN. 

And Mr. D. Secretary laid before the Houfe the Returns mentioned 
in the MefTage, which Meffage and Returns were read. 

The Houfe adjourned till Ten o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 
Friday, March 11, 1774. 

The Houfe met. 

A MefTage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

J Message /o //^^ Ass embl y. 
Gentlemen, 

AS I have a ftanding Inftru6lion which requires me not to pafs or 
give my Confent to any Bill or Bills of an unufual or extraordinary 
Nature and Importance wherein the Property of the King's Subjecfls may- 
be prejudiced, without a fufpending Claufe; and it being fuggefted that 
the Bill mentioned in your Meffage of Yefterday might poffibly be in- 
jurious to the private Intereft of Mr. Skinner, I thought it proper to fend 
for and interrogate him in Council refpedling that Point, affuring him 
at the fame Time, that if he had fuch Apprehenfion, and could offer 
any well founded Objedion to fuch a Law, he might rely on having the 
Benefit of the faid InftruAion. He anfwered, that he had the fullefl: 
Confidence in the Juftice of the feveral Branches of the Legiflature 
that they would not knowingly pafs any Law which could do him an 
Injury ; but as, in the prefent Cafe, his only Wifli was to have the 
Merits of his Caufe fairly tried, and as, from any thing that had occur- 
ed to him, or from any Advice he had received from his Council, he 
had no Reafbn to apprehend the faid Bill would be anyway injurious 
to him, he had no Objedlion to it's being paffed into a Law. 

1 am therefore to inform you, that although I am not convinced of the 
Neceffity of fuch a Bill as you have pafled for authorizing the prefent 
Treafurer of the Eaftern Divifion to bring an Adion againft the lute 

Treafurer, 



i^h G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor, -oj 



Treafurer, fo far as it refpeds the Mode of inftituting the Suit, yet as 
the Bill feems a defirable Objecl with your Houfe — has met with the 
Concurrence of the Council — and, for aught I know, may anfwer the 
Purpofe of doing Juftice between the Publick and the late Treafurer, 
as well as any other Mode, I iliall not refufe it my Aflent. 

March ID, 1774. W"- FRANKLIN. 

Which was read. 
Ordered^ 

That the Committee of Correfpondfnce do write to the Agent of this 
Colony, directing him to folicit the Royal Approbation to the Aft of 
Allembly for Septennial Eledions, and to all the publick Bills palTed 
this Seffion. 

A MeiTage from the Council by Mr. Stockton. 

Council-Chamber, March 11, 1774. 
Ordered 

'~r^ HAT Mr, Stockton do acquaint the Houfe of AfTembly that the 
-*■ Bill, entitled. An Act for the Support of Go'uernment of His Majesty s 
Colony of New-Jeriey, 6-"^. "^ ' 

And the Bill, entitled. An AcT: for Jiriking One Hundred Thoufand 
Pounds in Bills of Credit^ and direding the Mode for finking the Jame 
are both paiTed by this Houfe without any Amendment. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

The Bill, entitled, An AS: for defraying Incidental Charges, was read 
the fecond Time, agreed to by the Houfe, and ordered to be engroffed. 

Mr. Wetherill, from the Committee appointed to meet a Committee 
of the Council in free Conference on the Subject Matter of the Bill for 
obliging the Treafurers to give Security, together with the Amendments 
made to the fame by the Council, reported, that they had conferred 
with the Committee of the Council accordingly, and had agreed to fe- 
veral of the faid Amendments, and that the Committee of the Council 
had receded from feveral, which he begged Leave to report to the 
Houfe ; and the faid Report being made, the Bill was read with the 
Amendments in their Places, and the fame being agreed to by the 
Houfe, 

Ordered, 

That the faid Bill as amended be re-engrofled. 

The Bill Re-engrofled with the Am.endments agreed upon by both 

Houfes, entitled, AnAdl to oblige the Treafurers of the Colony o/New-Jerfey 

to give Security for the due Execution of their Offices, and to prfcrlbe the 

Mode in -which the fame Security- JImll be taken, was read and compared j 

Ordered, 

That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

3 D Ordered, 



2o6 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Sjkes and Mr. Fettit do carry the faid Bill to the Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Sykes reported, that Mr. Pettit and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intruded to Mr. Stockton, one of the Gentlemen of the 
Council, the Council not then fitting. 

Ordered, 
That no Perfon or Perfons whatfoever, do print and publifh the Mi- 
nutes or Proceedings of this Houfe, except the Printer appoint- 
ed for that Purpofe by Order of the Houfe ; and that he do not pub- 
lifh them in Parts or Extrads, but by exprefs Order of the Houfe. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An hCtfor defraying Incidental Charges^ 
was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Winds and Mr. Hand do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

' Mr. Winds reported, that Mr. Hand and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intruded to the Speaker in Council. 

Message from the Council by Mr. Parker, informing the Houle, 
that the Council have pafTed the Bill, entitled, An A<Sifor defray- 
ing Incidental Charges, without any Amendment. 

On Motion made, 

Ifaac Collins, Printer, and Thomas Powell were fent for, and examin- 
ed before the Houfe, relative to the Mode of printing Bills of Credit ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Examinations be entered on the Journals of this Houfe, 
and the fame are as follows, viz. 



A 



I 



SAAC COLLINS— He has feen the Prefs and Apparatus that 
Ford ufed, and he thinks that no more than one Bill could be printed 
at one Time — He thinks he could not print Bills in whole Sheets — 
He thinks he could print four Bills on one Piece of Paper ivith that Prefs — 
He thinks he could print four Bills on one Piece of Paper with moll 

Advantage That if he, this Examinant, had the Prefs, he {hould 

print as many Bills as he could on a Piece of Paper without feparating 
the Bills — That he could print four Bills of different Denominations 
(but not at one Time) with the Prefs, by fhifting the Prefs — and to do 
this he fhould flrike a Hundred of one Denomination firfl, and then 

go to a fecond, taking out the firfl Bill. He faw the Types 

and Prefs when before the Council, and that there appeared to be 
Types enough to print all the. Bills of this and the neighbouring Co- 
lonies ; but believes there were not Ornaments fufhcient to print all the 
Denominations — To his Knowledge there were not Ornaments for a 

£■ 3 



i^tb G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 207 

£.T, Bill — He did not look at the Types, <6'c. fhewn him fb as to form 
any accurate Judgment, whether there were or were not Ornaments for 
Bills of £. 3 He does not underfland printing with a Copper- 
Plate He faw a Copper-Plate containing the Engraving for Half 

of a Three Pound Bill, which he thinks could never have been ufed, 
being lb ill done, that he, this Examinant, could take no good impref- 
fion of it, — The Ornaments he faw were chiefly for Pennfyhania Bills, 
the Refidue Ornaments for Bills of Neiv-Jerfey — He thinks the Orna- 
ments would not do for Jerfey Three Pound Bills He thinks the 

Ornaments for Jerfey Bills were chiefly for 30/ Bills. The Paper 

iifed for printing Money is not eafily to be had. 



T 



HO MAS POWEL L — He has feen fome Plates— Part of a 
Plate for a Three Pound Bill, he thinks rather more than Half of 
a Bill — The other Plates feem rather to have been fome Attempts to learn 
to engrave — But none of the Plates were fo poliflied as to be capable of 
being ufed — He faw two Sage Leaves, but if they had been ufed they 
would have made an Impreflion diredly the Reverfe to what they are 
on the true Bills. — Some of the Plates had Scrolls on them, which 

feemed fomething like the Ornaments of Pennfyhania Bills -He 

fays none of the Plates and Scrolls could have printed a whole Bill at 
all—That if you ufe a Copper-Plate to print a Angle Bill, the Paper 
mufl: be firft damped, then ufed for one Bill— If a fecond was to be 
ftamped on the lame Paper, it muft be wet or damped again — and fo 
as often as ufed 

Ordered^ 

That Mr. Dey and Mr. Cotnbs do go to the Council and defire to be 
informed, whether they have any further Bufinefs before them, if not, 
that this Houfe propofes to apply to his Excellency for a Difmiflion. 

Mr. Dey reported, that Mr. Combs and himfelf performed the Order 
of the Houfe accordingly, and that the Council faid, this Houfe fliould. 
hear from them. 

A Message from the Council by Mr. Stockton, informing the Houfe, 
that the Council have gone through the publick Bufinefs before 
them. 

Refolved, 

That this Houfe will, at the next Seflion, make Provifion for pay- 
ing all necefiTary Charges in taking the Lifts from the feveral Counties, 
as recommended in his Excellency's Meflage of Yefterday. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Fi/ljer and Mr. Wetherill do wait on his Excellency and 
inform him, that the Houfe have gone through the Bufinefs before 
them, and are defirous of a Difmiflion. 

Mr. FiJJjer reported, that Mr. Wetherill and himfelf waited on his 
Excellency accordingly, who was pleafed to fay, the Houfe fliould hear 

from him. 

A 



2o8 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



A Meflage from his Excellency by Mr, D, Secretary Pettit. 

Ty/T R. Speaker, his Excellency requires the Attendance of this Houfe 
^^^ in the Council-Chamber immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. Speaker left the Chair, and with the Houfe went 
to wait upon his Excellency, who was pleafed to give his AfTent to the 
following Bills, Enading the fame, "jiz. 

1 . An Adl for the Support of Go'vernme7it of His Majeflfs Colony of 
New-Jerfey, to commence the firfl Day of Oflober One Thoufand Se'ven 
Hundred and Seventy-three^ and to end thefrji Day of October Ojie Thou- 
fand Seven Hundred and Seventy-four, and to difcharge the puhlick Debts 

and contingent Charges thereof 

2. An Adl fr defraying Incidental Charges. 

3. An A€t for regulating Roads and Bridges. 

4. An Act for the Settlement and Relief of the Poor. 

5. An Act for flriking One Hundred Thoifand Pounds in Bills of 
Credit, and direding the Mode for finking the fame. 

6. An A61 more effedlually to puniJJj the Counterfeiters of foreign Gold or 
Silver Coin current ivithin the Colony of New-Jerfey, and the Utterers 
thereof, knoiuing the fame to be Counterfeit. 

7. An h&.for loivering the Interefl of Money to Six per Cent ivithin this 
Colony. 

8. An Adl for the morefpeedy Recovery of Legacies in this Province^ 
and for affirming fuch A^s of Adminiflrators bona Fide done before Notice 
of a IVill. 

9. A fupplementary Adl to an Act, entitled. An hdifor the more effec- 
tual Difcovery and Piini/Jjment of the Crime of Horfe Stealing. 

10. Aji Adifor the better preferving of Oyfers in the Colony of New- 
Jerfey. 

11. An A61 more effectually to prevent the creeling of Lotteries, and fell- 
ing of Lottery Tickets ivithin this Colony. 

12. An A(5l to oblige the Treafurers of the Colony o/* New-Jerfey to 
give Security for the due Execution of their Offices, and to prefcribe the 
Mode in ivhich the fame Security fJjall be taken. 

13. An Ad; to authorize the prefent Treafurer of the Eafern Divifwn to 
bring an Action againjl the late Treafurer ofthefaid Divifwn, for the Sum of 
Six Thoufand Five Hundred and Seventy Pounds Nine Shillings and 
Four-pence, for ivhich the faid late Treafurer claims Alloivance in his 
Accounts, alledging the fame to have been flolen from the Treafury, and for 
other Purpofes therein mentioned. 

14. An Adl to regulate the Packing of Beef and Pork, and to af cer- 
tain the Size of Cafks. 

15. An AQt to pojtpqne the Payment of the Provincial Taxes into the 
Treafury of this Colony for One Month, and for other Purpofes therein 
mentioned. 

16. A fupplementary A<51 to an Act, entitled^ An A61 for the regulating 
Fences. 

17. An AOi for rebuilding, repairing and 7tiaintaining the Draivbridge 
over Croffwicks Creek, in the County of Burlington, and for repairing 
the Caufeivays adjoining faid Bridge. 18. An 



14th G. Ill WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 209 



18. An Adl to revme Part of an ASi, entitled. An A61 to im- 
poiver the Inhabitants of the Tozvn/Jjips 0/ Bridgwater and Eedminfter 
in the County of Somerfet, to repair their publick Highways by Hire, and 
to raife Money for that Purpofe. 

19. An Adiyor ere^ing a coiwenient Gaol in the County of Cape-May, 
and to authorize the rebuilding and repairing of the Court-Houfe or Gaol 
of that County at any Time hereafter. 

20. An A(5l to repair and amend the publick Roads and Streets in the 
Northern Ward of the City o/Perth-Amboy, and to repair the To-wn Wharf 
in the faid City, by a Tax on the Inhabitants of the faid Northern Ward^ 
and for other Ufes and Purpofes therein mentioned. 

21. An A6t to impoiver the Inhabitants of the ToivnfJjips of Elfinbo- 
rough, Pilefgrove and Pittrgrove in the County of Salem, to repair their 
publick Highivays by Hire, and to raife Money for that Purpofe. 

22. An Adl to enable fundry of the Oivners and Po/fejfors of Meadoivs 
and Tide Marfjj lying on MafonV Creek, in the Toivnfloip of Evefham, 
and County of Burlington, to erect atid maintain a Bank, Dam and other 
Waterivorks acrofs the faid Creek, in order to prevent the Tide from over- 
foiving the fame. 

23. An KQito enable the Oivners and Pojfejjbrs of the lonv Lands, Mea- 
doivs and Six'a7nps on both Sides of Airunpink Brook, from the Line com- 
monly called George Keith'j to the Lands of John Ely, to remove the 
Obfru5lions to the free Courfe of the Waters of the fame Brook. 

24. An A(5l to enable the Oivners and Pofejfors of a Tract of Marffj and 
Meadoiv in Lower-Penn's Neck, in the County of Salem, to uphold and 
maintain a certain Bank for draining the faid Marfh, and for other Pur- 
pofes therein }7ientioned. 

25. An A(5l to enable the Oivners and Poffejfors of a Trad of MarfJj 
and Sivamp in Upper-Penn's Neck, in the County of Salem, to ereB and 
maintain a Bank, Dam and other Waterivorks, in order to prevent the 
Tide from overfoiving the fame. 

26. An AiSt for erefling a Dam, Mills and other Waterivorks on Nacut 
Creek, in the County of Gloucefter, and to indemnify thofe ivhofe Property 
may be injured thereby. 

27. An A61 to enable fundry of the Oivners and Poffeffors of Meadoivs and 
Tide Marfh lying on Engliih'j- Creek in the County of Burlington, to erecl 
and maintain a Bank, Dam ayid other Waterivorks acrofs the faid Creek, 
in order to prevent the Tide from overfoiving the fame, and to keep the for- 
mer Courfe of faid Creek open and clear, and make the faid Dam ivheti 
erefled a publick Landing. 

28. An Adl to eyiable the Oivners and PoJJeffors of the Meadoivs and 
Marffj adjoining Rapaupa Creek, in the County o/' Gloucefter, to ere£l, caji 
up, repair and maintain a Dam and Bank and Waterivorks fujficient to 
prevent the Tide from overfoiving the fame. 

29. An Adl to enable the Oivners and Poffejfors of MarfJjes, Meadoivs 
and Sivamps bounding on the Southivef Side of Raccoon Creek, betiveen 
the Banks of Conftantine Wilkins and Conrad Shoemaker, in the Toivn- 

flnp of Woolwich, and County of Gloucefter, knoivn by the Name of the 
Thoroughfare Ifland Marfhes, Meadoivs and Sivamps, to flop out the Tide 
from overfoiving thefame^ and for other Purpofes therein mentioned. 

3 E Z^' ^li 



2IO VOTES, 8cc. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



30. An A61 to enable fundry Perfons Proprietors and Pojeffors of cer- 
tain Lands and Meadows lymg upon the Walkili in the County of SufTex, 
commonly called and knoivn by the Name of the Drowned Lands, to drain 
the fame, and for other Purpofes therein mentioned. 

31. An A£l to relie'ue Sarah Ely, Ifaac De Cow a7id David Brearley, 
jun. -with RefpeB to the Lofs of tiuo Title Deeds by Fire. 

32. An Ad tofufpend the Profecution of the County Colleclor of Cape- 
May ybr a limited Time. 

33. An A(5l for the Relief of Abner Hetfield, 'an Itifohent Debtor. 

And then his Excellency was pleafed to make the following Speech 
to this Houfe, viz. 

Gentlemen of the Assembly, 

I HAVE now given my AfTent to all the Bills which have pafTed the 
two Houfes, except the two Naturalization Bills which were incon- 
Cftent with a late Royal Inftrudion. Some of them are not altogether 
conformable to my own Judgment, yet as you were anxious to obtain 
them, and as they might poffibly anfwer the good Purpofes you feemed 
to have in View, I would not refufe them my AfTent. In doing this, 
and fuppreffing my Remarks on a Report of your Houfe containing 
tinjuft Infinuations (whether intended or not I will not fay) refpeding the 
Condudl of fome of the Officers of Government, I think I have fully 
manifefted a Difpofition to cultivate that Harmony which is fo elTential 
to the publick Welfare. I fhall therefore hope that, if we fliould ever 
meet again in Legiflation, nothing will be wanting on your Parts to 

promote the fame delirable Purpofe. 1 heartily wilb you fafe to your 

refpedive Homes, and by Virtue of the Powers to me given, I do pro- 
rogue you to Wednefday the Twentieth Day of April next, then to meet 
at Perth-Amboy, and you are accordingly prorogued. 



BY Virtue of an Order of the HOUSE of 
REPRESENTATIVES at Perth-Amhoy in 1772, I 
DO appoint Ifaac Collins to print thefe Votes. 

CORTLAND SKINNER, Speaker. 



COPY 



[ 2" ] 



CO P Y 

Of the B I L L ordered to be printed with the Votes, 
ENTITLED, 

An Adijbr the more equitable Manumijfion of Slaves ^ and other 
Purpofes concerning them. 

I ^W 7 H E R E A S the Laws of this Colony refpeding the Manumlf- 
W fion of Slaves are by Experience found to be too indifcriminate 
in the Mode prefcribed for fetting them at Liberty, requiring equal Se- 
curity upon the Freedom of all, which, in fome Inftances, may prevent 
the Exercife of-Humanity and Tendernefs in the Emancipation of thofe 
who may deferve it ; for Remedy whereof, and for other Purpofes herein 
after mentioned refpeding them, We, the Houfe of Reprefentatives, do 
pray that it may be enacfled ; 

And be it Enacted by the Governor, Council and General AJJetn- 
bly, and it is hereby ena^ed by the Authority of the fame, That, from 
and after the Publication of this Adt, itfhall and may be lawful for any 
iVIafter or Miftrefs of a Negro or Mulatto Slave, of the Age of Twenty- 
one Years or upwards, or for any other Perfon duly authorized thereto, 
under the Hand and Seal of fuch Mailer or Miftrefs, to appear with fuch 
Negro or Mulatto Slave before the Court of General Quarter SefCons of 
the Peace, or any two Juftices of the Peace of the County or City, 
and the two chofen Freeholders, and the two Overfeers of the Poor of 
the City or Townlhip where the faid Mafter or Miftrefs fhall reiide, and 
fubmit fuch Negro or Mulatto to their View and Examination ; and if 
the faid Court, or Juftices and Freeholders and Overfeers, or any four 
of them, fliall declare that the faid Negro or Mulatto Slave does not ap- 
pear to be unfound in Mind, or under any bodily Incapacity of fupport- 
ing him or herfelf, fuch Perfon, fo appearing with the faid Slave, may 
declare that he or fhe does then and there Releafe and fet at Liberty the 
faid Negro or Mulatto Slave ; which Declaration fhall operate as a com- 
plete ManumilTion, and fully Difcharge fuch Negro or Mulatto Slave 
from his or her Mafter or Miftrefs, any Law to the contrary notwith- 
ftanding. 

2. AN Din cafe fuch Negro or Mulatto Slave fliall exceed the Age of 
Twenty-one Years, and the Mafter or Miftrefs hath received the Benefit 
of his or her Laboui', (as the Rifle of the Publick is by advanced Years 
proportionably increafed) it is but juft and reafonable that fuch Mafter 
or Miftrefs Ihould pay a Sum of Money proportioned thereto, orindemni- 
fy the City, Townftiip or Precind againft fuch Rifkj Be it there- 
jo r e 



-12 C O P Y OF THE BILL, &C. 



FORE Enacted by the Authority afore/aid. That before the Manumir- 
fion of fuch Negro or Mulatto Slave Ihall be certified by the Court or 
Juftices and Freeholders and Overfeers of the Poor, or any four' of 

i.T' }'^t'?. '^^°°' '^^ ^^"^^ ^'^'^ ^^ declared, that the faid Mafter or 
Miftrefs fhall pay into the Hands of the Overfeers of the Poor of the 
^'7;.I°'^"^iP o^ Precina wHere he or fhe refides, the Sum oiT-wen- 
ty Shillings, Proclamation Money, for every Year which the faid Court 
or Julhces and Freeholders and Overfeers of the Poor, or any three 
of them, lliall adjudge fuch Slave exceeds the faid Age; which Sum 
fliall be carefully entered by the faid Overfeers, or one of them, in the 
Poors Book, in the Prefence of the faid Judicature, or a Receipt and Cer- 
tificate of fuch Entry and Payment be produced under the Hand of them 
and may be applied to fupport the Poor of fuch City, Townlhip or Pre- 
cind ; and the Court or Juftices and Freeholders and Overfeers of the 
Poor, fhall exprefs the Payment thereof in the Certificate hereafter men- 
tioned, which they fhall give the faid Negro or Mulatto. Provided 
ALWAYS, That if the faid Mafter or Miftrefs fhall prefer giving Secu- 
rity to indemnify the Publick, it fliall and may be lawful fbr the faid 
Court, or Juftices and Freeholders and Overfeers of the Poor or any 
four of them, to accept, in Lieu of fuch Payment, a Bond to be' entered 
into by the faid Mafter or Miftrefs, with one or more fiifficient Sure- 
ties, unto our Lord the King, his Heirs and SuccefTors, in four Times 
the Sum, which in fuch Cafe, by Virtue of this Sedion, would have 
been immediately payable, conditioned to fecure and indemni- 
fy the City, Townfliip or Precind in which he or flie refided at the 
Time of the Manumifllon, from any Charge or Incumbrance fuch Slave 
may or fliall bring on the fame, in cafe he or fhe may or ftiall be ren 
dered incapable ot fupporting him or herfelf ; which Bond fliall be fil 
ed and remain with the Clerk of the Peace of the faid County • For 
which Services the Overfeer or Overfeers of the Poor attending may 
receive the Sum of T-wo Shillings ; the Court or Juftices and Freehold- 
ers, for drawing the Bond, T-wo Shillings and Six-pence; and the Clerk 
of the County, for filing the fame in his Ofiice, Six-pence, and no 
more. 

3. And, the better to eftablifli and perpetuate fuch Manumifllon 

Be it further Enacted, That the Court or Juftices andFreeholders' 
or any three of them before whom the fame fliall be pronounced fliall 
give a fliort Certificate thereof to fuch Negro or other Slave in the Words 

or to the effed following, to ivit. , ' 

" ff. WE do hereby certify that on this 

Day of in the Year of, 6'c. A B of, 6-0. 

brought before us, his or her Slave named C 

who, on View and Examination not appearing to be unfound in 
Mind, or under any bodily Incapacity of obtaining a Support and 
about the Age of Years ; and did then and there Re- 

leafe and fet at Liberty the faid Slave, having jirjl paid 

ntothe Hands of the Overfeers of the Poor of the faid To-wnflnp'theSum 
oj being the Sum due by Law upon fuch Manumijion^' or " having 

" given 



COPY OF THE BILL, 6=^:. 213 

" gi-uen the Bond and Security to Indemnify the /aid Toivnjljip required 
" by Laiv. In Testimony whereof we have hereto fet our Hands and 
" Seals, the Day and Year above written ;" which Certificate fliall be de- 
livered to the Clerk of the Peace of the faid County, who is hereby au- 
thorized and required to record the fame in a Book to be provided for 
the Purpofe, endorfing the Certificate with the Place where recorded in 
the ufual Form, and lliall then be delivered to fuch Negro or Mulatto 
to whom it belongs. And the faid Court, or Juflices and Freeholders 
and Overfeers of the Poor, fhall be entitled to receive, for the Examina- 
tion and Certificate Tivehe Shillings, and the Clerk of the Peace for 
recording and endorfing the^ fame the Sum of Two Shillings, and no 
more. 

4. And be it-Enacted, That whenever any Perfon fliall by Lafl Will 
and Teftament manumit his or her Negro or Mulatto Slave, the Execu- 
tor or Executors of fuch Teflament ihall, within three Months after 
fuch Manumiffion, take the faid Negro or Mulatto Slave before the 
Court, or Juftices and Freeholders and Overfeers of the Poor aforefaid, 
that it may appear to them the faid Negro or Mulatto Slave is not un- 
found in Mind, or under any bodily Incapacity of obtaining a Support; 
and, in order to pay the Sum, or enter into the Bond direded by the 
Third Sedion of this Law, in cafe fuch Slave fliall be above the Ase 
of Twenty-one Years, until which is done, the faid Manumiffion fliall 
not difcharge the Eftate of the deceafed from fupporting fuch Slave, if 
he or flie fliould in future need it. — All which when done, the laid 
Court, or Jufl:ices and Freeholders and Overfeers of the Poor, or any 
four of them, fliall briefly fet forth in their Certificate. Provided 
ALWAYS, That the Benefit of this Ad fliall not be extended or make 
valid any Manumiflion made by any Mafl:er or Miflrefs not able to 
pay their Debts, with a Defign to defraud their Creditors. 

5. And be it further Enacted l>y the Authority aforefaid^ 
That every Negro or Mulatto Slave, manumitted by Virtue of this A61:, 
fliall always be deemed to have a legal Settlement in the City, Town- 
fliip or Precindl in which his or her Mafl:er or Miflrefs refided at the 
Time of fuch Manumiffion ; and fhall be fubjecl to the Payment of all 
Taxes and Performance of all Duties as other Inhabitants are. 

6. And be it Enacted ^X the Authority aforefaid, That any Mi- 
nifler, Paftor, Magiftrate, or other Perfon who fhall, on any Pretence 
whatever, grant a Licenfe to or join in Marriage any Negro or Mulatto 
with any white Perfon, fliall on Convicftion for every fuch Offence for- 
feit and pay to the Ufe of the Poor of the City, Tovvnfliip or Precincfl 
where the Offence fhall be committed, the Sum of One Hundred Pounds, 
Proclamation Money, to be fued for and recovered by the Overfeers of 
the Poor of the faid City, Townfhip or Precinifl, by Adion of Debt, in 
any proper Court, with Cofts of Suit. 

7. And be it further Enacted, That if any free Negro or 

3 F Mulatto 



214 COPY OF THE BILL, 6'C. 

Mulatto fhall harbour or entertain in his or herHoufeany white Servant 
or Slave without the Licenfe and Confent of his or her refpedtive Mafter 
or Miftrefs, he or flie fhall forfeit and pay the Sum of Five Shillings for 
the firll: Hour, and One Shilling for every Hour afterwards the faid Ser- 
vant or Slave fhall be fo entertained ; to be recovered in an Adlion of 
Debt, with Cofls of Suit, by the Mafter or Miftrefs only, in any Court 
where cognizable ; and if the Defendant fhould be unable or unwilling 
to pay the fame, he or fhe may be whipped with any Number of Lafhes 
not exceeding. Thirty-nine, at the Difcretion of the Juftice. 

8. And, in order the better to prevent free Negroes and Mulattoes 
from running in Debt, and to excite them to a Performance of their Con- 
tradls, as well as to an induftrious, innocent Behaviour at all Times ; 
BE IT FURTHER ENACTED, That it fhall and may be lawful to and 
for two Juftices and Freeholders, refident as aforefaid, or any two of 
them, whenever any free Negro or Mulatto fhall be confined for want 
of Effecls to pay the fame, to notify by Advertifements, fet up at 
proper Places, all the Creditors of fuch Negro or Mulatto to appear at 
a certain Time and Place to give in their Debts againft fuch Negro 
or Mulatto, at which Time and Place the faid Negro or Mulatto Ihall 
be prefentto difpute unjuft Demands, which the faid Juftice and Free- 
holder may determine ; and the Sheriff or Gaoler fliall alfo attend to 
keep and fafely return the Prifoner to Gaol if neceffary ; and the 
Amount of what is due to all the Creditors thus being known, and the 
neceflary Expences attending this Proceeding, added ; if a Term of fe- 
ven Years Service or under will fully difcharge the fame, the faid Juf^ 
tice and Freeholder may fell fuch Negro or Mulatto as a Servant to any 
proper Perfon who will advance the Sum for any reafonable Time not ex- 
ceeding the faid Term of ieven Years at their Difcretion, and caufe the 
faid Negro or Mulatto to fign an Indenture for that Purpofe, indorfing 
the faid Indenture under their Hands, that the Time is reafonable for 
the Sum advanced ; and each Creditor fhall receive his juft Demand and 
difcharge the fame; but if the Amount of theDebts, and Expences fhould 
exceed the Value of that Term of Servitude, then the utmoft Sum which 
any Perfon will advance for an Indenture on the faid Negro or Mulatto 
for that Time, fliall, by the faid Juftice and Freeholder, be paid to 
and amongft the Creditors, in Proportion to their feveral Debts ; on 
Receipt of which Dividend, each Creditor ihall fign a Difcharge to the 
faid Negro or Mulatto for the Debt. And whenever any free Negro or 
Mulatto Ihall, by the Commiffion of any Crime, render him or herfelf 
liable to Fine and Imprifonment, the Court pronouncing the fame, fhall 
alfo offer a reafonable Time of Servitude in Lieu thereof; that onNeglecfl 
or Refufal to fatisfy the faid Judgment, the faid Court may order fuch 
Offender to indent him or herfelf for the faid Time, declaring the Rea- 
fonablenefs of it in the Judgment aforefaid, and the fame fliall be re- 
cited in the Indenture ; which Indentures endorfed, or reciting the Judg- 
ment as aforefaid, fhall prote<51: the faid Negro or Mulatto in the Mafter 
or Miftrefs's Service againft all civil Suits duringtheTime lirriited there- 
in. And the Juftices and Freeholders may receive for drawing and fet- 

ting 



COPY OF THE B I L L, 6'C. 2.IS 



ting up the Advertifements Three Shillings ; and for their Attendance 
and Endorfement aforefaid, each of them may receive Five Shi/lings; 
the Perfon drawing the Indentures may receive Three Shillings ; 
and the Sheriff or Gaoler may receive Tivo Shillings and Nine-pence, for 
his Attendance with the Prifoner, and Nine-pence for every Mile he is 
obUged to ride with him or her, and no more. 

9. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforefaid. 
That all and every Perfon and Perfons within this Colony, who fhall 
at any Time buy, fell, barter, trade or trafEck with any Negro or Mu- 
latto Slave, any Wine, Rum, Beer, Cider or other ftrong Drink, or 
any other Chattels, Goods, Wares or Commodities whatfoever, unlefs 
it be by and with the Confent of his or her Mafler or Miflrefs, or the 
Perfon under whofe Care he or (he may be, and being thereof legally 
convicted, fliall, for the firft Offence, pay Tiventy Shillings, and for the 
fecond and every other Forty Shillings Proclamation Money, one Half 
to the Informer, and the other Half to the Ufe of the Poor of that Place 
where the Fadtis committed, to be recovered by Adlion of Debt in any 
Court where cognizable. 

ID. And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforefaid. That 
if any Negro or Mulatto fhall, after the Publication of this Adt, com- 
mit any Aflault and Battery upon any white Perfon, and fliall be convidl- 
ed thereof before any two Juflices of the Peace of any County, City or 
Borough within this Colony, fuch Negro or Mulatto fo thereof convidt- 
ed, fhall fufFer fuch corporal Punifhment as the fame Juflices at their 
Difcretion fhall think fit to order, not exceeding Thirty-nine Lalhes. 

11, And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforefaid. 
That nothing in this Adl fliall be conflrued or taken to enable any 
Negro, Indian or Mulatto now free, or that fhall hereafter be fet free 
by Virtue of this A(5l, to hold or give any Vote for any Office of Ho- 
nour, TrufI: or Profit within this Colony, or to be WitnefTes in any 
Court of Juflice in any Caufe, or upon any Account, but againft one 
another. 

12. And be it Enacted by the Authority aforefaid, That an 
A61 paffed in the 12th and 13th Years of the Reign of Queen 
Amie, entitled, An A€t for regulating of Slaves, and the fourth Sedlion 
of an A61 paffed in the Tenth Year of his prefent Majefty's Reign, en- 
titled, An A61 laying a Duty on the Purchafers of Slaves imported into 
this Colony, be, and they are hereby feverally repealed and made 
void. Provided Nevertheless, That no Mafler or Miflrefs, hav- 
ing manumitted his or her Slave or Slaves, without having complied 
with the Laws now intended to be repealed, fhall by the faid Repeal be 
difcharged from the Support and Maintenance of the Slave fo manumit- 
ted in cafe he or fhe fhall become necefhtous. 



»k 



(^■/S. 



IIIHIIBI . ■!■■ 



VOTES 



! 



AND 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



GENERAL ASSEMBLY 



OF THE 



Colony of NEW-JERSEY.I 



At a SESSION began at PERTH-AMBOY, Wednesday 
January ii, 1775, and continued until the 13th Day 
OF February following. 



Being the Third Session of the Twenty-second Assembly 

OF NEW-JERSEY. 



M^ 




BURLINGTON: 

Printed by ISAAC COLLINS, Printer to -^-he King, for 
the Province of New-Jersey, M.dcc.lxxv. 



Votes^ &c. of the General 




NAMES OF T H E 



REPRESENTATIVES. 



CITY of Perth- Amboy, 
Middle/ex, 

Monmouthf 

Effex, 

Somerfeti 

Bergen, 

Morris, 
City of Burlington, 
County of Burlington, 

Gloucejier, 

Salem, 

Cape-May, 

Hunterdon, 

Cumberland, 

Supx, 



Cortland Skinner, Speaker, 
John Wetherill, 
Edward Taylor, 
Stephen Crane, 
Hendrick Fiflier, 
Theunis Dey, 
Jacob Ford, 
James Kinfey, 
Henry Paxfon, 
John Hinchman, 
Grant Gibbon, 
Jonathan Hand, 
Samuel Tucker, 
John Sheppard, 
Nathaniel Pettit. 



John Combs, 



Richard Lawrence, 
Henry Garritfe, 
John Roy, 
John Demareft, 
William Winds, 
Thomas P. Hewlings, 
Anthony Sykes, 
Robert F. Price, 
Benjamin Holme, 
Eli Eldridge, 
John Mehelm, 
Theophilus Elmer, 



PERTH-AMBOr, PFednefday, January 1 1, 1775. 



PURSUANT to His Excellency's feveral Prorogations of the 
General AfTembly from Time to Time till this Day, the Houfe 
met ; and, for Want of a fufficient Number of Members to 
proceed upon Bufinefs, adjourned till To-morrow Morning 
Ten o'clock. 

Thurfday, January 12, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Co77ibs do wait on His Excellency and ac- 
quaint him, that a fuiBcient Number of Members to proceed upon 
Bufinefs are met, and ready to receive any Thing he may pleafe to 
lay before them, 

Mr. 



r 



4 VOTES, &.C. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 

Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Combs and himfelf waited on the 
Governor purfuant to the Order of the Houfe, who was pleafed to fay 
the Houfe fliould hear from him. 

Mr. Wethcrill informed the Houfe that "John Moores, Efq. late one of 
the Reprefentatives fot the County of Middlefex, was deceafed fince the 
laft Seffion. 
Ordered, 

That the Speaker iflue his Warrant to the Clerk of the Crown to 
make out a Writ for eled\ing a new Member in the Place and Stead of 
the faid John Moores, Efq. deceafed ; 

Whereupon Mr. Speaker iflued his Warrant accordingly. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Taylor and Mr. Sheppard, be a Committee to 
infped the Minutes of this Houfe, and report what Bufinefs is referred 
over to this Sefllon. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Hinchnan, Mr. Tucker and Mr. Mehehn, be a Committee to 
inqviire what Laws are expired or near expiring, and make Report 
thereof to the Houfe. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Pettit informed the Houfe that Thomas Van Home, Efq. late one 
of the Reprefentatives for the County of Siijfex, was deceafed iince the 
laft Seffion. 
Ordered, 

That the Speaker ifTue his Warrant to the Clerk of the Crown to 
make out a Writ for eledling a new Member in the Place and Stead of 
the faid Thomas Van Home, deceafed ; 

Whereupon Mr. Speaker iflued his Warrant accordingly. 

Andrew Rob'infon, late Sergeant at Arms to this Houfe, being de- 
ceafed, 

Refol'ved, 

That Thomas Tnglifs be the Sergeant at Arms of this Houie in the 
Room and Place of the faid Andrew Robbfon, deceafed. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Ten o'Clock. 

Friday, yaniiary 13, ^'jJS' 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Kinfey laid before the Houfe the Weftern Duplicates, except 
Gloncefer County : Alfo a Duplicate of His Majefty's Allowance of 
the A6t, entitled, An A&.for ejlablifhing the Boundary or Partition Line 
between the Colonies of New- York and Nova-Cxfarea or New-Jerfey, and 
for confrming the Titles and Pojfefftons. 

A Petition 



iSthG. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. s 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe by fundry of the Owners and 
PoflefTors of the Meadows and Swamp on Ramboe's Run, in the Town- 
fhip of Deptford in the County of Gloucejler, praying a Law to oblige 
each Owner and Pofleffor to maintain his Part of the Banks, zs'c. 
heretofore ereded, and to keep the Watercourfes clear ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented from fundry Inhabitants of Chejier in the 
County of Burlington, and E^aterford in the County of Gloucejfer, pray- 
ing a Law to enable them to erecl a Bank, Dam and other Waterworks, 
acrofs Pennjhatikin Creek, and alfo a Petition againfh the palfmg fuch 
Law ; which were read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by David Gould, a Prifoner for Debt in the 
Gaol of the Borough of Elizabeth, praying a Law for his Relief; 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

MR. Speaker, His Excellency is in the Council-Chamber, and 
requires the immediate Attendance of this Houfe : 
Whereupon Mr. Speaker left the Chair, and with the Houfe went 
to wait upon His Excellency ; and being returned, Mr. Speaker re- 
fumed the Chair, and reported, that the Houfe had waited on His 
Excellency, who was pleafed to make a Speech to the Council and 
Houfe of AfTembly, of which Mr. Speaker faid he had, to prevent 
Miflakes, obtained a Copy ; and the fame by Order of the Houfe Was 
read, and is as follows, viz. 

Gentlemen of the Council, and Gentlemen of the AJfembly, 

ALTHOUGH not more than Ten Months have elapfed fince 
your laft Meeting in General AfFembly, yet, as there are feveral 
Matters of Importance which require the particular Attention of the 
Legiflature, I have thought it proper to give you as early an Opportu- 
nity of tranf'iding the publick Bufinefs as was coniiftent with your 
Conveniency. 

Gentlemen of the Affembly, 

The Support of Government having been expired ever fmce the firft 
of Oclober, I muft recommend that Matter to your early Confideration. 

The Barrack Mailer's Accounts for the Expenditure of the Money 
granted laft Year for the Supply of the King's Troops fliall be laid 
before you as foon as they can be prepared. 

Gentlemen of the Council, and Gentlemen of the Jffembly, 

It would argue not only a great Want of Duty to His Majefty, but 
of Regard to the good People of this Province, were I, on this Occa- 
fion, to pafs over in Silence the late alarming Tranfadlions in this and 
the neighbouring Colonies, or not endeavour to prevail on you to ex- 
ert yourfelves in preventing thofe Mifchiefs to this Country, which, 

B without 



6 VOTES, &c. o/* ?^f General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



without your timely Interpofition, will, in all Probability, be the 
Confequence. 

It is not for me to decide on the particular Merits of the Difpute 
between Great-Britain and her Colonies, nor do I mean to cenfure 
thofe who conceive themfelves aggrieved for aiming at a Redrefs of their 
Grievances. It is a Duty they owe themfelves, their Country, and their 
Poflerity. All that I would wifli to guard you againft, is the giving any 
Countenance or Encouragement to that deftruclive Mode of Proceeding 
which has been unhappily adopted in Part by fome of the Inhabitants 
in this Colony, and has been carried fo far in others as totally to fubvert 
their former Conftitution. It has already ftruck at the Authority of 
one of the Branches of the Legiflature in a particular Manner. And, 
if you. Gentlemen of the AfTembly, fhould give your Approbation to 
Tranfaclions of this Nature, you will do as much as lies in your Power 
to deftroy that Form of Government of which you are an important 
Part, and which it is your Duty by all lawful Means to preferve. To 
you your Conftituents have intrufled a peculiar Guardianfliip of 
their Rights and Privileges. You are their legal Reprefentatives, and 
you cannot, without a manifeft Breach of your Truft, fufFer any Body 
of Men, in this or any of the other Provinces, to ufurp and exercife any 
of the Powers vefted in you by the Conftitution. It behoves you parti- 
cularly, who muft be conftitutionally fuppofed to fpeak the Senfe of the 
People at large, to be extremely cautious in confenting to any Adt where- 
by you may engage them as Parties in, and make them anfwerable for 
Meafures which may have a Tendency to involve them in Difficulties far 
greater than thofe they aim to avoid. 

Befides, there is not, Gentlemen, the leafl Necefllty, confequently 
there will not be the lead Excufe for your running any fuch Rlfks on 
the prefent Occafion. If you are really difpofed to reprefent to the King 
any Inconveniencies you conceive yourfelves to lie under, or to make 
any Propofitions on the prefent State of America, I can affure you, 
from the bell Authority, that fuch Reprefentations or Propofitions will 
be properly attended to, and certainly have greater Weight coming from 
each Colony in it's feparate Capacity, than in a Channel, of the Pro- 
priety and Legality of which there may be much Doubt. 

You have now pointed out to you. Gentlemen, two Roads — 
one evidently leading to Peace, Happinefs, and a Reftoration of the 
publick Tranqviility — the other inevitably conducing you to Anarchy, 
Mifery, and all the Horrors of a Civil War. Your Wifdom, your 
Prudence, your Regard for the true Interefls of the People, will be befl 
known when you have fhewn to which Road you give the Preference. 
If to the former, you will probably afford Satisfadion to the moderate, 
the fober, and the difcreet Part of your Conflituents. If to the latter, 
you will, perhaps for a Time, give Pleafure to the warm, the rafh, and 
the inconfiderate among them, who, I would willingly hope, violent 
as is the Temper of the prefent Times, are not even now the Majority. 
But it may be well for you to remember, fhould any Calamity here- 
after befal them from your Compliance with their Inclinations, in- 
ftead of purfuing, as you ought, the Di(f\ates of your own Judgment, 

that 



iSthG.m. WILLIAiM FRANKLIN, j?/^. Governor. 7 

that the Confequences of their returning to a proper Senfe of their 
Condu(5l, may prove defervedly fatal to yourfelves. 

I fhall fay no more at prefent on this difagreeable Subjedl, but only 
to repeat an Obfervation I made to a former Alfembly on a fimilar 
Occafion. " Every Breach of the Conflitution, whether it proceeds 
from the Crown or the People, is, in its EfFeds, equally deftrudlive 
to the Rights of both. It is the Duty, therefore, of thole who are 
intrufted with Government, to be equally careful in guarding againfl 
Encroachments from the one as the other. But // is (fays one of 
the wifeft of Men) a moji mfallihle Symptom of the dangerous State of 
Liberty y ivhen the chief Men of a free Country Jljeiv a greater Regard to 
Popularity than to their oivn Judgment.'^ 

"^Tr'xVSrt;';;:' 1 • w-. franklin.- 

Ordered, , 

That His Excellency's Speech be read a fecond Time. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Allinfon informed the Houfe that he had made great Progrefs /^^A 
in reviling the Laws, and was ready to commit the fame to the Prefs, ^ , 
but had delayed it until he had the Approbation of the Houfe ; ^' ^^ 

Ordered, ' T^/*^ 

That Mr. Fifljer, Mr. WetheriU, Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Crane, Mr. Hinch-^¥^'^ 
man, Mr. Tucker and Mr. Mehehn, be a Committee to infpedl the Laws 
as prepared by Mr. Allinfon, and make Report to this Houfe, and that 
Mr. Speaker be defired to affifl the faid Committee. 

The Petition from the Owners and Pofleflbrs of the Meadows and 
Swamp on Ramboe's Run, in Deptford in the County of Gloueejiery 8cc. 
was read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 
That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill : 
Whereupon Mr. Hinchtnan brought in a Bill, entitled, An A(5l to en- 
able the Oivtiers and Pojfejfrs of the Meadoivs and Stuamp lying on Ram- 
boe'j Run, in Deptford in the County of Gloucefter, to keep up and 
tnaintain the Dam, Banks and other Waterivorks neceffary to prevent the 
Tide from overfoiving the fame, &c. which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by James Morgan, a Prifoner for Debt in 
the Gaol of Perth-Amboy, praying a Law for his Relief; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. WetheriU, from the Committee appointed to inquire what Bufi- 
nefs ftands referred to this Seffion, made the following Report : 

I. Monmouth Petitions for and againfl building a Poor-Houfe and 
Houfe of CorretSion, 6v. 

2. Robert 



8 VOTES, &c. 0/ /^f General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 

2. Robert Doiightys Petition for flopping Abfecom Creek. 

3. Petition of Jofeph Rue and George Cook. 

4. Charles Sudam and John Duykinck's Petition for Payment of the 
Money advanced in building a Bridge at Raritan Landing. 

5. A Petition from Hano'uer, in Morris County, for a Repeal of their 
prefent Road Law. 

6. Petitions of Elijah Bond and Daniel Coxe. 

7. Bill for the more equitable Manumiffion of Slaves, with the Peti- 
tions for and againfl the fame. 

8. Bill for laying a Duty on the Purchafers of Slaves. 

9. Petitions from Somerfei againft the Expence of fundry Bridges. 

10. Petitions refpeding Carriages. 

1 1 . Petitions for and againft a Bridge over AJJifcmik Creek. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Ten o'Clock. 
Saturday, yanuary 14, ^775' 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented by Henry Voorhies, a Prifoner for Debt in 
the Gaol of Burlington, praying a Law for his Relief; which was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Ordered, * 

That Mr. Heivlings and Mr. Eldridge do wait on the Council, and 
inform them, that this Houfe have appointed Mr. Fijher, Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Crane, Mr. Hinchman, Mr. Tucker and Mr. Mehelm, a 
Committee to infpedl the Laws as prepared by Mr. Allijifon for the Prefs, 
and to requeft the Council, if they think pi'oper, to name a Committee 
to join and afTift the Committee of this Houfe, in infpeding the Laws 
fo prepared. 

A Petition was prefented by fundry Inhabitants of Bridgetown, in 
the County of Cumberland, praying a Law to prevent Hogs running at 
large in faid Town, <6'C. which was read, and ordered a fecond Read- 
ing. 

Mr. Heivlings reported, that Mr. Eldridge and himfelf delivered the 
Meffage with them intrufted to the Speaker in Coupcil. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Wetherill, Mr, Crane, Mr. Fijher, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Ford, 
Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Price, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Sheppard and Mr. Hand, be and 
they are hereby appointed a Committee of Grievances, and they or any 
three of them may meet together at fuch Times and Places as they or 
any three of them fliall think proper to appoint, either during the Sit- 
ting of the AfTembly or at any other Time, and make Report of their 
Proceedings to the Houfe. 

The Petitions from the Inhabitants of Chejler in the County of Bur- 
lington, and Waterford in the County of Gloucejier, for and againft a 

Law 



i^/AG. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/y. Governor 9 

Law to erect a Bank, Dam, 6'f . acrofs PennJJjaukin Creek, were read 
the iecond Time : 
Ordered^ 

That the fame be referred to the next Seflion of AfTembly at Bur- 
lington. 

Ordered^ 
That Mr. Laivrence, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Mehelm, Mr. Sheppard and 
Mr. Eldridge, or any three of them, be a Committee to join a Commit- 
tee of the Council to fettle the Eaftern Treafurer's Accounts, and burn 
the cancelled Money in his Hands, and make Report to the Houfe. 
Ordered, 
That Mr, Combs and Mr. JVinds do inform the Council thereof, and 
defire them to appoint a Committee for that Purpofe, together with the 
Time and Place of meeting. 

Mr. Wilfon Hunt attending purfuant to an Order of the Houfe laft 
Seflion of General Aflembly, and having been heard before the Houfe, 
and feveral Certificates offered by him being read ; after fome Debate, 
on the Queflion, whether the faid Wilfon Hunt pay the Interefl as charg- 
ed in his Account at the laft Seffion ? It paffed in the Negative. 
The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Ten o'Clock. 

Monday, January 16, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill, entitled. An Adl to enable the Owners and Poffejfors of the 
Meadoivs and Swamp lying on RamboeV Run, &c. to keep up and main- 
tain the Dam, Bank, &c. was read the fecond Time j 
Ordered, 

That the fame be committed to Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Holme. 

His Excellency's Speech was read the fecond Time, and committed to 
a Committee of the whole Houfe. 
Ordered, 
That the Committee fit To-morrow Morning. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented by Jacob Ford, jun. and Mofes Tut tie, pray- 
ing a Law to enable the Owners and PofTeffors of a Tracl of Bog Mea- 
dow and Swamp, on the eafl Branch of Rockaivay River, in Morris 
County, to drain the fame, ?^f. which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Tuejday, January 17, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

G A Petition 



lo VOTESy &.C. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of the Owners and Cuflom- 
ers of the Grift Mill on Pajfaick River, near Chatham, praying a Law 
to enable them to remove fundry Obftrudions of the Waters in faid 
River ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented from a Number of the Inhabitants and 
Freeholders of the Parts of Morris and Sotnerj'et foutherly from Long- 
hilly and near Pajfaick River, praying a fupplementary Law to an Acl 
for the clearing out and removing all Obftrudtions in faid River, <^c. 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe according to Order refolved itfelf into a Committee of 
the whole Houfe on His Excellency's Speech ; and, after fome Time fpent 
therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fifher, Chairman of 
the Committee, reported, that the Committee had made fome Progrefs 
in the Matters to them referred, and defired Leave to fit again ; to which 
the Houfe agreed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met, and adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine 
o'clock. 

JVednefday, January i8, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

The Petition of the Owners and Cuftomers of the Grift Mill at Cha- 
tham on Pajfaick^ and of the Inhabitants and Freeholders of the Parts 
of Morris and Somerfet, foutherly from Longhill, near Pajfaick^ &c. were 
read the fecond Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill purftiant to their 
Petitions on Wednefday the 25th Inftant, unlefs Caufe be fhewn to the 
contrary ; and that the Petitioners, or fome of them, ferve a Copy of 
this Order on Jofeph Crane and William Parfons, or either of them, at 
leaft four Days before the faid Day. 
Ordered, 

That the Clerk deliver a Copy of this Minute to the Petitioners, or 
fome of them. 

The Petitioners for a Bill to oblige Jofeph Crane and M^llHam Pa) foiis to 
remove the Mill Dam by them ereded, 6^c. in Pajfaick River, having 
fuggefted to this Houfe, that Jofeph Abbott and the Rev. Mr. Jonathan 
Elmer, are proper Evidences to prove divers Matters fet forth in the Pe- 
titions againft the faid Mill Dam, 6t. and that they may negled to 
attend on the Hearing ; 
Ordered^ 

That the faid Jofeph Abbott and Jonathan Elmer do attend this 
Houfe on the 25'th Inftant, and that a Copy of this Order be ferved on 
them by the Petitioners, or fome of them. 

Mr. Cow^j reported, that Mr. Winds and himfelf delivered the Mef- 
fage with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

^ The 



i^-^^G. in, WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 



II 



The Petition of Jacob Ford, jun. and Mofes Tuttle, praying a Law to 
enable the Owners and PofTeflbrs of a Bog Meadow and Swamp on the 
Eaft Branch of Rockaivay River to drain the fame, 6-r. was read the 
fecond Time ; and this Houfe being informed that Mr. Bartow, one 
of the Owners of Part of the faid Meadow, is defirous to be heard 
againfl the laid Petition ; 
Ordered, 

That the Parties be heard before the Houfe this Afternoon. 

' The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 

Mr. Fi/Ijer from the Committee appointed to infpedl the Laws as __KCI) 

prepared by Mr. Alllnfon for the Prefs, reported, that in Conjunction "^Z/ 

with a Committee of the Council they had infpeded the fame, and / 

approved of the Method. '^'^ 

Ordered, /SJ ^>,^f^ 

That Mr. Allinfon do proceed to print the fame forthwith. 

The Houfe according to Order refumed the Confideration of the 
Petition of Jacob Ford, jun. and Mofes Tuttle, and Mr. Bartoiv 
attending, prefented a Petition, which was read ; whereupon the Par- 
ties being heard before the Houfe, and Maps produced and confider- 
ed, as well as the Allegations of the Parties for and againfl the Prayer 
of the Petition ; after Ibme Debate, on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill accordingly. 

Mr. Allinfon informing the Houfe that there will be great Difficulty nLQ 
in getting Calffkin to bind the Laws of this Colony when printed, *"~lj_l/ 
and that Sheepfkin can be eafier procured and cheaper : 
Ordered, 

That he bind the fame in tanned Sheepfkin. 

A MefTage from the Council by Mr. Hopkinfon, informing the Houfe 
•**■ that the Council have appointed Mr. Stevens, Mr. Coxe and Mr. 
Laivrence, or any two of them, a Committee to join the Committee of 
this Houfe, to fettle the Eaftern Treafurer's Accounts, and burn the 
cancelled Money, and that the faid Committee do meet at the Trea- 
furer's on Friday next at fix o'Clock. 

Mr. Ford, in Behalf of the Petitioners, brought in a Bill, entitled, 
An A(5l to aiable the Proprietors and Poffejfors of the Meadoivs and 
Snvamps lying on the Eafl Branch of Rockaway River, betiveen the Forge 
called'and knotun By the Name of Middle Forge and Mofes TuttleV, in 
the County of Morris, to bloiv up and Icwer the Falls, dig Ditches, &c. 
for the more effeBually draining the fame, and for other Purpofes therein 
mentioned ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Thiirjdayy January 19, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. 



12 VOTES, S^c. of the G^E-^EK Ah AssExMBly 0/ New-Jersey. 



Mr Hinchwan, from the Committee appointed to inquire what Laws 
are expired or are near expiring, made the following Report : 

1 . An AS. to eJlabli/Jj Courts in the fever al Counties of this Colojiy, for 
the Trial of fmall Caifes. 

2. An Adl to prohibit the fetting Nets, Seines and other Devices in 
the River Raritan and South River, to obfruSi the Tip going up in the 
proper Seafon of the Tear, and to prejerve the Fry and young Brood of Fiflj 
from being defiroyed in the f aid River. 

3. An Aft to provide a more effe^ual Remedy againji excefftve Cofs in 
the Recovery of Debts under Fifty Pounds, in this Colony, and for other 
Purpofes therein mentioned. 

4. An A(5l for the fpeedy Recovery of Debts from Six Pounds to Ten 
Pounds, in the Inferior Courts of Common Pleas of this Colony for fmall 
Fees. 

5. An A(5l to impovoer the Inhabitants of the Toivnfljip of Deptford in 
the County of Gloucefter, to repair their publick Highways by Hire, and 
raife Money for that Purpofe. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Price, Mr. Lawrence and Mr. Mehelm, be a Committee 
to prepare and bring in a Bill to eftablifh Courts in the feveral Coun- 
ties of this Colony, for the Trial of fmall Caufes, and to repeal the 
prefent A(5l. 

On a Motion made, 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Fijher, Mr. Crane, Mr. Roy and Col. Ford, be a Committee 
to prepare and bring in a Bill more effeilually to prevent Immorality, and 
that Mr. Speaker be defired to affift the faid Committee. 

On a Motion made, 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Sykes and Mr. Elmer, be a Committee to pre- 
pare and bring in a Bill to regulate Schoolmafters. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P\ M. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition of divers Inhabitants of the Counties of Middlefex and 
Somerfet, praying a Law, for Reafons therein fet forth, to enable them 
to build a Bridge over Harrys Brook, on the great Road between Prince- 
ton and Kingjlon, &c. was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by divers Perfons, in Behalf of themfelves 

and others, Claimers of the common Lands allotted to the Patent of 

Secaucus, &c. fetting forth the Law Suits they are involved in, 

from the Commiflioners appointed by Law not determining to whom 

the faid Allotment belonged, and therefore praying a Law to appoint 

Commiflioners finally to determine the famej was read, and ordered a 

fecond Reading. 

The 



15^^ G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/"^. Governor. 13 

The Bill, entitled, An Adl to enable the Proprietors and Poffejfors of the 
Meado'ws and Sivamps lying on the eajl Branch of Rockaway River, he- 
tiveen the Forge called and knoivn by the Name of the Middle Forge, and 
Mofes Turtle's ; was read the fecond Time, and committed to Mr. 
Kinfey, Mr. Tucker and Mr. Price. 

The Petition of Charles ^leen, fetting forth, that he hath ferved in 
the Neiu-Jerfey Regiment and Captain John/on s Company, in the Years 
1762 and 1763, and had not received any Pay for laid Service ; was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Friday, "January 20, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Commit- 
tee of the whole Houfe on His Excellency's Speech ; and, after fome 
Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fifloer, 
Chairman of the Committee, reported, that they have made fome fur- 
ther Progrefs in the Matters to them referred, and had come to two 
Refolutions, which he was ready to report whenever the Houfe would 
pleafe to receive the fame, and that the Committee defired Leave to fit 
again; 

Ordered, 

That the faid Report be made immediately, and that the Committee 
have Leave to fit again: 

Whereupon Mr. Fifher reported the Refolutions of the Committee as 
follow : 

1. Refol'ved, 

That an humble Addrefs be prefented to His Excellency in anfwer to 
his Speech ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

2. Refolved, 

That the Government of this Colony be honourably fupported from 
the firft Day of OBober 1774, to the firft Day of OBober 1775; to 
which the Houfe agreed. 

A Petition was prefented by Timothy Higgins, a Prifoner for Debt in 
the Gaol of Elizabeth-Toiun, praying a Law for his Relief; alfo a Pe- 
tition from Matthias WiUia^nfon, Efq, againft the fame ; which were 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Samuel Serring, an Infolvent Debtor in 
the Gaol of Elizabeth-Toivn, praying a Law for his Relief; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Three Petitions were prefented from a Number of Inhabitants of the 
County of Somerfet, complaining of their heavy Taxes for building and 
repairing Bridges over Raritan and Milljlone Rivers, and praying that 

D faid 



14 VOTES, &c. d/^ //j<f General AssEiMBLY o/" New-Jersey. 



faid Bridges may not be a County Expence ; which were read, and or- 
dered a fecond Reading. 

Sundry Petitions were prefented from fundry Freeholders and other 
Inhabitants of Middle/ex and Somerfet, for Reafons therein fet forth, 
praying an Alteration and Amendment to the Law for the better Pre- 
fervation of Oyfters in the Colony of Neiv-Jerjey ; which were read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by John Carle and others, fetting forth, 
that they had paid Eighty Pounds for the Privilege of the free Courfe 
of Waters of the River Paffaick, where the Sawmill, late Woodriiff'?>, 
did (land, and praying a Law to oblige the Owners and PofTefTors of the 
low Lands and Meadows adjoining, that are benefitted thereby, to pay 
their Proportion of the faid Eighty Pounds ; which was read, and or- 
dered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Abraham Kilchel, oi Morris County, pray- 
ing Recompence for having taken the Number of People in the Town- 
fliip of Hanover, vnth their Ages, Births, ?S-"^. which was read, and 
toVdered a fecond Pleading. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clocjt. 

Saturday, January 21, ^775- 

The Houfe met. 

Several Petitions were prefented from different Counties in this Colo- 
ny praying a Revifal of the Bill ordered to be printed with the Votes 
of the Houfe laft Year, entitled, An A€ifor the more equitable Manutnif- 
fton of Slaves, &c. which were read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Two Petitions were prefented by JoJJjua Merfereau and Michael 
Vantuyle, praying a Law to eflablifh the Road from Bergen Point along 
up Neix'ark Bay, and from thence to Paulns-Hook on Hudfons River ; 
alfo a Petition from fundry Freeholders and Inhabitants of Bergen 
againft the fame, and praying they may be heard thereon ; which were 
Vead, and ordered a fecond Reading. 
Ordered alfo, 

That the Parties be heard before the Houfe on the fecond Reading of 
faid Pctitldns, onTburfday the 26th Inftant; and that the Parties, or 
'fbme of them, ^e ferved with a Copy of this Order. 

Mr. Price, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled, An Acl to ere£i and efiablijlj Courts in the feveral 
Counties in this Colony, for the Trial of fnrall Caufes, and to repeal the for- 
mer A^ for that Purpofe; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

A Petition was prefented from feveral Conflables in Morris County, 
praying a Law to raife the Gonftables Fees, &c. which was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Com- 
mittee 



iSth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. i^ 



mittee of the whole Houfe on His Excellency's Speech ; and, after fome 
Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr, F'l/hery 
Chairman of the Committee, reported, that they have made fome fur- 
ther Progrefs in the Matters to them referred, and defired Leave to fit 
ggain ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Ten o'Clock 

Monday, Januaj-y 21^, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

The Bill, entitled. An Ad to ered and eJiabl'i/Jj Courts in the feveral 
Counties of this Colony, for the Trial offmall Caufes, and to repeal the for- 
mer A6i for that Purpofe, was read the fecond Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engroffed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe on His Excellency's Speech ; and, after fome 
Time fpent therein, Mr Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fi/her, 
Chairman of the Committee, reported, that they have made fome fur- 
ther Progrefs in the Matters to them referred, and defired Leave to fit 
again ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Wetheriil, Mr. Kinfey, Mr. FiJJjer, Mr. Lanvrence and Mr. 
Cran€, be a Committee to prepare and bring in the Draught of an Ad- 
drefs to His Excellency in anfwer to his Speech. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Price, Mr. Tticker, Mr. Dey, Mr, Sheppard, Mr. Roy, Mr. 
Sykes and Mr, Elmer, be a Committee to bring in a Bill for Support of 
Government. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Tuefday, yaniiary 24, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Crane and Mr, Kinfey, laid before the Houfe the following Me- 
morial ; which was read, and is as follows, to ivit ; 

To the Honourable the Houfe of Reprefentatives of the Colony of New-Jer- 

fey, in General Affembly met. 
Gentlemen, 

WE, the Subfcribers, having been appointed and requefled by the 
Committees of the feveral Counties in this Colony, including a 
Majority of the Members of your Houfe, to reprefent the Colony of 

Nenv-'Jerfey 



i6 VOTES, &c. of the GEtiEKAL Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Nenv-Jerfey in the Continental Congrefs of Delegates from the other 
American Colonies at Philadelphia in September laft, beg leave to report 
to the Houfe, that we attended the faid Congrefs, and did every Thing 
in our Power to anfwer the Intention of our Appointment ; and hope 
and truft that the Proceedings of the faid Congrefs, which we now lay 
before you for your Confideration, will receive your Approbation, and 
have the defired Effect in producing that Peace, Happinefs, Harmony 
and Confidence between Great-Britain and the Colonies, fo ardently 
wifhed for by all good Men. 

M^e are, Gentlemen, 

your mojl obedient Servants, 

January II, ins. ' JAMES KINSEY, 

* STEPHEN CRANE, 

WILLIAM LIVINGSTON, 
JOHN D'HART. 

Mr. Crane and Mr. Kinfey alfo laid before the Houfe the Proceedings 
of the Continental Congrei's held at Philadelphia in September laft, 
which were read ; on the Queftion, Whether the Houfe approve of the 
laid Proceedings ? It paffed in the Affirmative. 

Refol'ued, 

That this Houfe do unanimoufly approve of the Proceedings of the 
Congrefs — fuch as are of the People called Quakers excepting only to 
fuch Parts as feem to wear an Appearance, or may have a Tendency, to 
Force (if any fuch there be) as inconfiftent with their religious Princi- 
ples. 

Refolded unanimoujly. 

That James Kinfey, Stephen Crane, William Livingfion, John n Hart 
and Richard Smith, Efquires, or any three of them, be, and they are 
hereby appointed to attend the Continental Congrefs of the Colonies, 
intended to be held at the City of Philadelphia in May next, or at any 
other Time and Place, and that they report their Proceedings to the 
next Seffion of General AfTembly — inftruding the faid Delegates to pro- 
pofe and agree to every reafonable and conftltutionalMeafure for the Ac- 
commodation of the unhappy Differences at prefent fubfifting between 
our Mother Country and the Colonies, which the Houfe moft ardently 

wifh for. 

The Houfe alfo being informed, that at the Congrefs held at Phila- 
delphia the fixth of September laft, a Motion was made to give fome of 
the Colonies a greater Number of Votes in the Determination of Quef- 
tions, to be agitated therein, than to others ; and conceiving fuch Mo- 
tion to be of dangerous Confequence — do alfo inftrud their Delegates 
not to agree to a Meafure of that Kind, unlefs it fhould be agreed at 
the fame Time, that no Vote to be taken on fuch Principles fhall, in 
future, be obligatory on any Colonies whofe Delegates do not confent 
thereto. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker do tranfmit a Copy of the foregoing Refolutions to 

the 



I5^/jG. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/y. Governor. 17 

the Speakers of the Aflemblies of Neiv-Tork and Pennfyhania. 
Refolved unanmoujly , 
That the Thanks of this Houfe be given to James Kinfey, Stephen 
Crane, William Livingjlon, John U Hart and Richard Smith, Efquires, 
for their faithful and judicious Difcharge of the Trufk repofed in them 
at the late Continental Congrefs. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

* The Houfe met. 

Two Petitions were prefented from a Number of Inhabitants of EJex^ 
Morris and Somerfet, praying that no Law may pafs to oblige the Own- 
ers and PofTeflbrs of the low Lands and Meadows between Bonnell's and 
Parfonss Mill, on Pajfaick Pviver, to pay their proportionable Part of 
clearing faid River, and lowering the Falls, c^c. which were read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Jofeph Crane and William Parfons, pray- 
ing that the Hearing, appointed on Wednefday next, may be put off till 
Friday ; on the Quertion, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Hearing be put off accordingly till Friday next, and 
that Ifaac Woodruff, Efq. Captain Stephen Day, David Lacey, William 
Craivford, Thomas Squire, jun. Ezekiel Sayre, John Dunham, John Of- 
born, William Brittain, Thomas Baker and Amos Potter, Efq. do then 
attend this Houfe as Witneffes on the faid Hearing; and that the Hear- 
ing come on at Ten o'Clock in the Forenoon. 

A Petition was prefented from divers Inhabitants of Bergen County, 
fetting forth, that they have always lived in the Province of Neiv-Tork^ 
before the Settlement of the Line between Neiv-Tork and Ne-w-Jerfey^ 
and paid Taxes in the Province of Neiv-Tork, and praying a Law to 
excufe them from the like Taxes in Neiv-Jerfey ; which was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of the Proprietors of the Weft- 
ern Divifion of this Province, praying a Law for the final Settlement of 
the Line between the Eaftern and Weftern Divifion ; which was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Wednefday, ' January 2^, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf ihto a Commit- 
tee of the whole Houfe on His Excellency's Speech ; and, after fome 
Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fijher^ 
Chairman of the Committee, reported, that they have gone through the 
Matters to them referred, and had come to one more Refolution, which 

E he 



^ 



i8 VOT ES, Sec. of the GEiSiEKAL Assembly o/" Neav-Jersey. 

he was ready to report whenever the Houfe would pleafe to receive the 
fame ; 

Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. Fi/Jjer reported the Refolution of the Committee as 
follows : 

Re/blved, 

That an humble Petition be prefented to his Mofl Gracious Majelly, 
praying a Redrefs of the Grievances under which this and the neigh- 
bouring Colonies now labour ; to which the Houfe agreed. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. PVetherill, Mr. FiJ/jer, Mr. Ford, Mr, Tucker and Mr. Shep- 
pard, be a Committee to prepare and bring in a Petition accordingly. 

Mr. Kinfey, from the Committee to whom was committed the Bill, 
entitled, An A6t to cfiab/e the Oivners and Pojfejfors of the Meadows' and 
Swamps lying on Ramboe'j Run, &c. to keep up the Dam, Bank, &c. re- 
ported the fame with feveral Amendments thereto, and the faid Bill be- 
ing read, with the Amendments in their Places, on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill as amended be engrofled. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

T/jurfdaj, yaniiary 26, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented by a great Number of Freeholders and In- 
habitants of the County of Somerfet, praying a Law for raifing the Sum 
of £. 328: 4: 2 by Tax, to i-eimburfe the Managers for completing 
^lecns Bridge over Raritan River, i^^c. which was read, and ordered a 
fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Jeremiah Field, and others, Managers 
for building ^leens Bridge, praying Intereft for the Monies they have 
expended and laid out of, in completing faid Bridge ; which was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr Tucker, from the Committee appointed to fettle the Eaftern Trea- 
furer's Accounts, informing the Houfe that the Committee cannot pro- 
ceed in fettling the fame for Want of Power to fettle with the late Trea- 
furer, in whole Hands the cancelled Money is ; 
Ordered, 

That the fame Committee do, in Conjundlion with the Committee of 
the Council, fettle the late Treafurer's Accounts, and burn the cancel- 
led Money in his Hands, and make Report thereof to this Houfe. 
Ordered alfo. 

That Mr. Fifljer and Mr. Hinchnian be added to the faid Committee 
for fettling the late and prefent Treafurers Accounts. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Elmer and Mr. Hand do inform the Council thereof, and 

defire 



iSth G.m. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, E/q. Governor. 19 



defire them to appoint a Committee for that Purpofe, together with the 
Time and Place of meeting. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of Freeholders and Inhabi- 
tants of that Part of Somerfet within the Borough of Elizabeth, praying 
that faid Part of Somtrjet, within the faid Borough, may be annexed to 
the County of EJfex ; alfo a Petition of fundry Inhabitants of the 
Townfhip of Bernard in the County of Somer/et, praying that faid Part 
of the County may be annexed to EJfex ; which were read, and or- 
dered a fecond Reading. 

It being fuggefted to this Houfe, that Mr. Jonathan Elmer, Jofeph 
Abbot and Enos Osborn, are proper Witnefles on the Hearing to be had 
before the Houfe To-morrow, and may not attend without further 
Orders ; 

Ordered, 

That they attend this Houfe as Witnefles accordingly on Friday the 
27th Inftant, at Ten o'Clock in the Morning. 

Mr. Tucker, purfuant to Leave given at laft Seffion, brought in a Bill, 
entitled, ^n A<5t to regulate the Taking ofFiJlo in //)€■ /?/Wr Delaware, ?^f. 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. MeheUn, purfuant to Leave, brought in a Bill, entitled, An Acl 
to ajfefs the Toivnjlnp of Amwell, in order to reimburfe Jofeph Moore 
for repairing a Bridge^ Sec. which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An Acl to erecl and ejlablifli Courts in 
the fever al Counties in this Colony, for the Trial of fniall Caufes, &c. was 
read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 

That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Tucker and Mr. Roy do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled. An A(5l to enable the Onvners and Pojfef- 
for s of the Meadoiv and Swamp on Ramboe'j Run, in the Tonimfhip of 
Deptford, &c. to keep up and maintain the Bank, Dam, &c. was read 
and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Hinchman and Mr. Holme do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. 

Mr. Elmer reported, that Mr. Hand and himfelf delivered the MeP 
fage with them intrufted to Mr. Stockton, one of the Council. 

Mr. 

s 



20 VOTES, 8cc. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



Mr. Hinchman reported, that Mr. Holme and himfelf delivered the 
Bill with them intrufled to the Speaker of the Council. 

Mr. Tucker reported, that Mr. Roy and himfelf delivered the Bill 
•with them intruded to Mr. Ogden, Speaker of the Council. 

The Petition from fundry Inhabitants of Bridgetoiim in the County 
of Cumberland, againft Hogs running at large in faid Town, was read 
the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill : 

Whereupon Mr. Elmer, in Behalf of the Petitioners, brought in a Bill, 
entitled, An AcT: to prevent Sivine runnifig at large in Bridgetown in the 
County (^Cumberland ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Two Petitions were prefented from Morris and Bergen, praying a 
Law to prevent Cattle from running at large and ranging in the Woods 
in faid Counties ; which were read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented from the Managers appointed in the 
Adl for clearing the Obflrudlions of the River Paffaick, &c. fetting 
forth, that they have expended more Money than they have been able 
to coiledl by the Mode prefcribed by faid Ad, and praying Relief, <^c. 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

This Day being appointed for hearing the Parties on the Petitions for 
and againft the Road from Bergen Point along Newark Bay to Paulus- 
Hook ; and it appearing to this Houfe that the Notice fent to Captain 
Thomas Broivn, was left at his Houfe on Tuefday laft, he being then 
abfent at the Court of Bergen, and" therefore not now attending j 
Ordered, 

That the Hearing be adjourned to Saturday next, at Ten o'Clock in 
the Forenoon ; of which the oppofite Party is to give Notice to Captain 
Thomas Broivn or Jacob Van Waggoner, by To-morrow Ten o'Clock. 

The Petition from divers Inhabitants of Middlefex and Sopierfet, pray- 
ing a Law to enable them to build a Bridge over Harrys Brook, on the 
great Road between Princeton and Kingjlon, &c. was read the fecond 
Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition lie on the Table. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 
Friday, January 27, 1775. 

"The Houfe met. 

Three Petitions were prefented from divers Inhabitants of the County 
of Burlington, againft a Law for ereding a Bridge over AJJifcunk Creek 

in 
f 



iSthG. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 



21 



in the City of Burlitigton, 8cc. which were read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

Mr. Tucker, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled, An Act for Support of Government of His Majefy Colony 
of New-Jerfey, 6-r. which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Petition from a Number of Inhabitants and Freeholders of Somer- 
fet, praying a Law for raifing the Sum of j^. 328: 4 : 2 by Tax, to reim- 
burfethe Managers for completing Sliiecns Bridge over Raritan River; 
with a Petition from the Managers for building faid Bridge ; alfo three 
feveral Petitions againft a Law to levy faid Sum by a Tax on the County, 
were read the fecond Time ; on the Queflion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Lawrence. 

Council-Chamber, January 26, 1775. 
'Tp H E Floufe having taken into Confideration the Meflage from 
•*■ the Houfe of AfTembly of this Day, relative to the fettling of the 
Eaftern Treafurer's Accounts, and finding that Mr. Stevens, Mr. Coxe 
and Mr. Lawrence, have been appointed a Committee to join the Com- 
mittee of the Houfe of AiTembly to fettle the Eaflern Treafurer's Ac- 
counts, and burn the cancelled Money in his Hands ; 
Ordered, 
That the faid Committee be alfo a Committee to join a Committee of 
the Houfe of AflTembly to fettle the late Treafurer's Accounts, and burn 
the cancelled Money inhisLIands, and make Report thereof to thisHoufe; 
and that the faid Committees do meet, for that Purpofe, at the Houfe 
of the faid late Treafurer, at Nine o'Clock on Tuefday Morning next. 
Ordered alfo. 
That Mr. Laivrence do acquaint the Houfe of Afl^embly therewith. 

By Order of the Hoife, 

CHA. PETTI T, D. Clerk. 

Mr. Crane informing the Houfe, that Mr. William Smith of Wood- / 
bridge is a material Witnefs on the Hearing to be had before the Houle 
To-morrow ; ' 

Ordered, 

That the faid William Smith do attend this Houfe as a Witnefs To- 
morrow Morning at Ten o'Clock, and that he be ferved with a Copy 
of this Order. 

Mr. Hinchman laid before the Houfe the Duphcates of Gloucejler 
County. 

Mr. Price being Indlfpofed, with the Leave of the Houfe went Home. 

The Petitions of a Number of the Owners and Cuftomers of the 
Grift Mills on Pafaick River near Chatham, and of the Freeholders, ^'c. 
at and about Longhill, praying a Law to enable them to remove fundry 
Obftruclions of the Waters in faid River, 6'(^. as alfo the feveral Peti- 

F tions 



22 VOTES, 8cc. of the GET<iEKAL Assembly of New-Jersey. 

tions againft fuch Law, being read, and the Parties attending purfuant 
to the Order of the Houfe, were called in and heard, and llindry Wit- 
nelles {worn and examined in fupport of the faid Petitions ; 
OrJered, 
That the further Confideration of the fame be deferred till To-mor- 
row Morning. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'clock. 
Saturday, January i^, 1775- 

The, Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented from a Number of Inhabitants of Wood- 
bridgc'in xhc Cownty oi M'uhilcJ'ex, againft a Law for the Manumiffion 
of Slaves, 6'f. which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Petition of John Carle and others, praying a Law to enable them 
to oblige the Owners and PoiTeiTors of the low Lands and Meadows on 
that Part of Paffaick River above the Dam of the Mill late Woodruff's^ 
to pay their Proportions of the Sum of Eighty Pounds, paid by the Pe- 
titioners for the Privilege of the free Couric of the Waters, (6'f . was read 
the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill. 

The Houfe refumed the Confideration of the Petitions of the Own- 
ers and Cuftomers of the Grift Mill on Paffaick River near Chatham, and 
of the Inhabitants, 6'^. in and about Z(?;7^7j/7/, praying a Law to en- 
able them to remove fundry Obftructions of the Waters in faid River ; 
and alfo the Petition againft the Pafling fuch Law, and the Evidence 
offered Yefterday to the Houfe in Support of faid Petitions ; and after 
Lome Time fpent therein, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitions do lie on the Table. 

The Bill, entitled, An Ad to regulate the Taking ofF'i/Jj in the River 
Delaware, 6'f . was read the fecond Time ; 
Ordered, 
That the flime be committed to Mr. Lanvrence, Mr. Hinchman and 
Mr. Mchehn. 

The Petition of divers Inhabitants of the County of Bergen, fetting 
forth, that they have paid heavy Taxes in Neiv-Tork, and, now upon 
being taken into this Province, praying a Law to excufe them from 
certain Taxes in Ncw-Jerfcy for a limited Time, was read the fecond 
Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame do lie on the Table. 

The Petition of divers Perfons Claimants of the Common Lands al- 
lotted to the Patent of Secauais, &c. praying a Law to appoint Comrail- 
\ fioners 



li-Z^G. III. WILLlAiM FRANKLIN, £/^. Governor. 23 

fioners finally to determine and fettle faid Allotments, was read the fe- 
cond Time; on the Queftion, 

Ordered, 
That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next Sefllon 
of General AlTembly, provided they give publick Notice thereof in 
Hugh Game\ News Paper, at lead Six Weeks before the faid Seffion, 
and no reafonable Objections lliall then appear againftthe fame. 

This Day being appointed for the Hearing on the Petitions for and 
againft the Road from Bergen Point along Newark Bay to Paidus-Hook, 
&c. and the Parties attending, purfuant to the Order of the Houfe, were 
called in, and Ibme of the Witnefles examined, and others not attend- 
ing 5 

Ordered, 

That the further Hearing be adjourned till Thurfday Morning next 
at Ten o'Clock ; and that Anthony White, Peter Schenck, Henry Cooper, 
Jofeph Hcddy and Jonathan Sears, do then attend this Houfe as Wit- 
nefles. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Ten o'clock. 

Monday, January t^o, 1775^ 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Winds, purfuant to Leave given the Petitioners, brought in a Bill, 
entitled. An Aft to enable the Proprietors and Pojfejfors of the Meadoivs, 
Sivamps and loiv Lands of the Rivers Pafl'aick and Dead River, to clear 
the fame, &c. which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Fifljer, purfuant to Leave given, brought in a Bill, entitled, 
An A6t for raifing the Sum of £. ■^^y : 1^: 11 on the Inhabitants of 
the County of Somerfet, for repaying certain Perfons therein named the 
Money they have advanced m repairing Queens Bridge; which was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Pill, entitled, An Adl to prevent Szvine running at large in Bridge- 
town in the County of Cumberland, was read the iecond Time ; 
Ordered, 

That the fame be committed to Mr. Hinchman and Mr. Elmer. 

The Bill, entitled. An A<51 to affefs the ToivnfJjip o/'Amwell, <^=c. in 
order to reimburfe Jofeph Moore^or building a Bridge, Sec. was read the 
fecond Time, and committed to Mr. Laivrence and Mr. Combs. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr, Roy, purfuant to Leave given lafl Seflion, brought in a Bill, 
entitled, An AS: for raifing the Sum of £. 122 : 14 : 3 on the Inhabitants 
of Middlefex and Somerfet, for repaying the Managers of the Landing 
Bridge, &c. which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. 



24 VOT-ES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 

Mr. Wetherill from the Committee appointed to prepare the Draught 
of an Addrefs to His Excellency, brought in a Draught ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Two Petitions were prefented from divers Inhabitants of the County 
of Effex, for Reafons therein fet forth, praying a Supplement to the 
Ad refpeding Lotteries, <6'C. on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the iaid Petitions do lie on the Table, 

Ordered, 
That Mr. HenvUngs, Mr. Pett'it, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Bemarefl and Mr. 
Sykes, or any two of them, be a Committee to fettle and report all Pub- 
lick Accounts that may come before the Houfe this Seffion. 

The feveral Petitions from a Number of Freeholders and Inhabitants 
of Midd/e/ex and Somerfet, &c. praying an Alteration and Amendment 
of the Law for the better Prefervation of Oyflers in the Colony of Neiv- 
ferfey, were read the fecond Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill accordingly. 

Mr. Laivrence, from the Committee to whom was committed the 
Bill, entitled. An Acl to regulate the Taking of FiJJj in the River Dela- 
ware, e^T. reported the fame with feveral Amendments thereto; and 
the faid Bill being read, with the Amendments in their Places, on the 
Queftion, 

Ordered, 

That the faid Bill as amended be cngrofTed. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Tuefday, January i^i, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Laivrence, from the Committee- to whom was committed the 
Bill, entitled, Jn Adl to affefs the Toivnjlnp of hvswvtVi, <lyc. reported 
the fame with feveral Amendments thereto, and the faid Bill being 
read, with the Amendments in their Places ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engrofled. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Hinchman, from the Committee to whom was committed the 
Bill, entitled, An Acl to prevent Sivine running at large in Bridgetown 
in the County of Cumberland, reported the fame with feveral Amend- 
ments, and the fiiid Bill, with the Amendments in their Places, being 
read ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the fame be referred to the next Seffion at Burlington. 

A MefTage: 



ij/Z^G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/^. Governor, as 



A Meffage from His Excellency by the D. Secretary, which was 
read, and is as follows : 

Gentlemen, 

IS E N D yo\i the Barrack Mailer's Accounts of Expences incurred 
for the Repair of the Barracks and Supply of the King's Troops, 

including Furniture, Bedding, 6'^. from June 1773 to Deceniber 1774 

by which you will fee in what Manner the Money has been expended, 
which I was authorized by Law to draw out of the Treafury for that 
Service. There is a Balance remaining in my Hands of about Thirty- 
jour Pounds Eight Shillings and Six-pence Proclamation Money. 

As the Houfe had fome Objedlions at the laft Seffion to the Charge 
in Colonel Robert/on & Account for Sheets furniflied the King's Troops, 
I direded the Barrack Mafter not to pay that Article of the Account, 
and to acquaint the Colonel with the Occafion, I now lay before you a 
Letter from the Colonel on that Head, which appears to me to contain 
fo many juft Reafons why the Charge ought to be allowed by the Pro- 
vince, that I cannot but recommend it to your particular Confidera- 
tion. 

January zo, lyjs- W"- FRANKLIN. 

The Secretary alfo laid before the Houfe the Accounts mentioned in 
the Meffage. 
Ordered y 
That His Excellency's Meffage have a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Amos Potter, in Behalf of himfelf and 
divers Inhabitants of Effex and Morris, adjoining to the River PaJTaick^ 
praying that no Law may pafs for levying on them the Sum of Eighty 
P omuls, paid by certain Perfons for a Dam and Piece of Land purchafed 
of Jofeph Crane, and alfo for lowering the River, <^c. which was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by Thomas Brown, praying to be heard be- 
fore the Houfe by Council on the Hearing appointed on Thurfday next ; 
•which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled. An Adl to regulate the Taking Fijh in 
the River Delaware, above the Falls at Ti'enton, was read and compar- 
ed ; on the Queftion, 
Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered^ 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Mehelm and Mr. Elmer do carry the faid Bill to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. 

The Draught of an Addrefs to His Excellency was read the fecond 
Time ; 

Ordered, 
Chat the fame be referred to a Committee of the whole Houfe : 

G Whereupon 



i6 FOTES^ &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 

Whereupon the Houfe refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on the Addrefs to His Excellency ; and, after fome Time fpenc 
therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. FifJjer, Chairman of 
the Committee, reported, that the Committee had gone through the Ad- 
drefs to His Excellency, and had made feveral Amendments thereto, 
which he was ready to report whenever the Houfe would pleafe to 
receive the fame ; 
Ordered, 

That the Report be made immediately : 

Whereupon Mr. Fi/her reported the Addrefs with feveral Amend- 
ments ; and the fame being read, 
Ordered unanimoujiy, 

That the faid Addrefs be engrofled. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Wednefday, February i, ^ "]"]$' 

The Houfe met. 

Two Petitions were prefented from a Number of Inhabitants of Effex^ 
againfl the paffing a Law to prevent Cattle from running at large, and 
ranging in the Woods in the Counties of Morris and Bergen ; which 
were read : 

Whereupon the Petitions of divers Inhabitants of Morris and Bergen, 
praying the Law, were alfo read the fecondTime ; and, after fome De- 
bate, on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Petitions for the above Law do lie on the Table. 

The Engrofled Addrefs to His Excellency was read and compared ; 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey and Mr. Combs do wait on His Excellency, and de- 
fire to know when he will pleafe to be waited on by the Houfe with 
their Addrefs. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented from fundry Inhabitants of Woodbridge in 
the County of Middlefex, againfl the pafling a Law for the Manumif- 
fion of Slaves ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. Kinfey reported, that Mr. Combs and himfelf waited on His Ex- 
cellency with the Meflage of the Houfe, who was pleafed to fay, the 
Houfe Ihould hear from him. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, An Ad to affefs the Tonjunflnp o/'Amwell 
in order to reimburfe Jofeph Moore /or repairing a Bridge in faid Toivn/Jjip, 
was read and compared j on the Queftion, 

Refolved, 



I5//jG. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/"^. Governor. 27 



Refol'ucd, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 

That Mr. Dey and Mr. Hand do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Petition of Amos Potter, for himfelf and in Behalf of other In- 
habitants of EJJex and Morns adjoining to the River Pajfaick, praying 
that no Law may pafs for levying on them the Sum oi Eighty Pounds 
paid by certain Perfons for a Dam and Piece of Land purchafed of 
Jofeph Crane, &c. was read the fecond Time j 
Ordered, 

That the further Confideration of this Petition be deferred to the fe- 
cond Reading of the Bill, and the fame be read on Monday next in 
the Afternoon. 
Ordered alfo, 

That the faid Amos Potter do ferve a Copy of this Minute on John 
Carle, Efq. or Cornelius Ludloiu, by Thurjday Evening. 

Mr. Dey reported, that Mr. Hand and himfelf delivered the Bill with 
them intrufted to Mr. Kemble Speaker of the Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'CIock. 
Thurjday, February 2, I775« 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Kinfey, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled, An Acl to regulate Schoohnajiers in the Pro'uince of 
New-Jerfey, which was read ; and on the Queftion, Whether the fame 
be read a fecond Time ? It paifed in the Negative j 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill do lie on the Table. 

The Petition of a Number of Freeholders and Inhabitants of that 
Part of Somerfet lying in the Borough of Elizabeth, and the Part of faid 
County within the Townfhip of Bernard, praying that they may be an- 
nexed to Ejfex County, were read the fecond Time j 
Ordered, 

That the further Confideration thereof be referred to the next Seflion. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

The Petitioners for and againft the Road from Bergen Point along 
Neivark Bay to Paulus-Hook, 8cc. attending this Day, purfuant to the Or- 
der of the Houfe, were called in, and the feveral Petitions for and againft 
faid Road being read, and the Evidences and Allegations of the Parties 
fully heard ; 

Ordered^ 



dS F0TES,8<c. of the Gehekal Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 

Orcleredy 
That the Determination on the faid Petitions be deferred until To- 
morrow Morning. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Friday, Feh'tiary 3, 1775- 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Mehehn reported, that Mr. Elmer and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker of the Council. 

A MefTage from the Council by Mr. Parker. 

Ordered, Council-Chamber Feb. 2, 1775". 

THAT Mr. Parker do carry the Bill, entitled, An AS. to ere£l 
and ejlablijlj Courts in the federal Counties in this Colony, for 
the Trial of fmall Caufes, &c. with the Amendments thereto annexed, to 
the Houfe of AfTembly, and defire their Concurrence to the faid Amend- 
ments. By Order of the Hotfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

Thereupon the faid Bill was read, and the Amendments in their 
Places ; and, upon the Queftion feverally put upon the Amendments, 
the Houfe agreed to them all except the Amendment in the 1 6th Sedi- 
on, to which the Houfe difagreed, and in that Part adhere to the Bill. 
Ordered, 
That Mr. Winds and Mr. Elmer do carry back the Bill and Amend- 
ments to the Council and acquaint them therewith. 

The Houfe refumed the Confideration of the Evidence offered on the 
Hearing Yefterday, for and againft the Road from Bergen Point along 
Newark to Paiilus-Hook, &c. and, after fome Debate thereon, on the 
Queftion, 

Ordered, 
That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill to eftablifh a Road 
from Bergen Point up Neivark Bay to the North Side of the Lands of 
Jacob Van Home, and from thence eaftwardly along his Line to the 
Road commonly called the Old Road as now laid out, and that the fame 
be repaired and amended by the Owners of the Ferries petitioning for 
the fame. 

Yeas. Yeas. Nays. 

Mr. Combs, Mr. Hinchman, Mr. Wetbehll, 

Mr. Taylor, Mr. Hand, Mr. Lawrence, 

Mr. Crane, Mr. Eldridge, Mr. Garritfe, 

Mr. Fijher, ' Mr. Tucker, Mr. Roy, 

Mr. Winds, Mr. Mehelm, Mr. Dey, 

Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Sheppard, Mr. Demareft, 

Mr. Hew'lmgs, Mr. Elmer, Mr. Ford. 

Mr. Sykes, Mr. Fettit. 

The 



iSthG.m. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £A^. Governor. 29 



The Petition from the Managers appointed in the Adl for clearing 
the ObftruCtions of the River Pajfaick, between the Little Falls and Days 
Bridge, z^'C. was read the fecond Time ; and on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition do He on the Table. 

A Petition was prefented from divers Inhabitants of Sujfex County- 
lying to the Eaftward of Laivrence's Line, praying a Law may be paffed 
confirming them and the other Inhabitants fettled within the Angle 
difputed between the Eaflern and Weftern Proprietors in their Titles 
purchafed under the Eafteru Proprietors ; which was read, and order- 
ed a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented from a Number of Inhabitants of Notting- 
ham in the County of Burlington, praying the Houfe will take fome Mea- 
fures to fettle the unhappy Difputes between Great-Britain and the Co- 
lonies ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

Two Petitions were prefented from a Number of Inhabitants of the 
lower Part of Sujfex County, and eight Petitions from the northern Part 
of Hunterdon, praying a Law to ere6l the upper or northern Part of 
the County of Hunterdon into a feparate County ; which were read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

Mr. FtJJjer, in Behalf of the Petitioners, brought in a Bill, entitled. 
An Acl for prefer'uing of Oyjlers in the Colony of New-Jerfey j which 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

On Motion made, 
It is the Opinion of and this Houfe do advife, that the prefent Com- 
mittee of Correfpondence may draw any Part of the Sum of One Thou- 
fand Pounds, made fubjecl to their Order by an Adl paffed at the lafl Sef^ 
fion, not exceeding Three Hundred Pounds, to pay the Expences of the 
Delegates appointed by this Houfe to attend the intended Congrefs, 
and that this Houfe will allow thereof. 

A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Parker. 

Ordered, Council-Chamber, Feb. 3, 1775". 

'Tp HAT Mr. Parker do carry back to the Houfe of Affembly the 
"*• Bill, entitled. An A61 to ere£l and ejiablifh Courts in the feveral Coun- 
ties in this Colony, for the Trial of fmall Caufes, &c. and acquaint them 
that this Houfe do recede from the Amendment made to the 1 6th Sedli- 
on of faid Bill ; and alfo that Mr. Parker do acquaint the Houfe of Af^ 
fembly, that this Houfe have paffed the Bill, entitled, An Adl to affefs 
the Toivnfhip o/'Amwell in order to reimhurfe Jofeph Moore, <^c. with- 
out any Amendment, 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 
Ordered, 
That the faid Bill, entitled, An Adl to ereR and eflahlifh Courts in the 
feveral Counties of this Colony , for the Trial of fmall Caufes, &c. as amend- 
ed and agreed upon by both Houfes, be re-engroffed. 

H A Petition 



30 VOTES, &c. o/' /^^ GzNERAfc Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



A Petition was prefented by fundry Inhabitants of the County of ^ 
Middle/ex againft a Law for the Manumiffion of Slaves ; which was 
read, and ordered a fecond Reading, 

A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pett'it. 

MR. Speaker, His Excellency is in the Council-Chamber, and ready 
to receive the Addrefs of the Houfe : 
Whereupon Mr. Speaker left the Chaii-, and with the Houfe went to 
wait upon His Excellency ; and being returned Mr. Speaker refumed 
the Chair and reported, that the Houfe had waited on His Excellency 
with their Addrefs in thefe Words, viz. 

To His Excellency WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Captain- General, 
Governor and Commander in Chief, in atid over the Colony of New- Jerfey, 
and Territories thereon depending in America, Chancellor and Vice- Ad- 
miral in the fame, &c. 

The Humble ADDRESS of the Representatives of faid 
, Colony in'General Aflembly convened. 

May it pleafe your Excellency, 

WE, His Majefly's loyal and dutiful Subjedls, the Reprefenta- 
tives of the Colony of Neiu-Jerfey, in General AfTembly con- 
vened, have taken into our Confideration your Excellency's Speech at 
the Opening of the prefent Seffion. 

We (hould have been glad that your Excellency's Inclinations to 
have given us as early an Opportunity of tranfadling the PubHck Bu- 
finefs as was confiftent with our " Convenience" had terminated in a 
Manner more agreeable to your Defign, and more favourable to us, 
than it really has done on the prefent Occafion. If the Petitions which 
we underftand have been prefented to you had been granted, we fhould 
have had a Meeting more convenient to us than the Prefent, and 
that Meeting perhaps would have prevented fome of thofe " alarm- 
ing Tranfadtions" which your Excellency's Apprehenfion of your Duty 
leads you to- inform us, as having happened in this Colony. We 
thank you for your Intention to oblige us, but that it may not be fo 
entirely fruftrated in future, permit us to inform you, it will be muclf 
the mofl agreeable to us that the Meeting of the Houfe, to do Publick 
Bufinefs, fhould not be poflponed to a Time later than when the Bill 
for the Support of Ciovernment expires. 

We are forry to hear, that in your Excellency's Opinion, there has 
been of late any " alarming Tranfadlions" in this and the neighbouring 
Colonies, our Confent to or Approbation of which may lead the good 
People we reprefent into " Anarchy, Mifery, and all the Horrors of a 
" Civil War." It is true, you are pleafed to tell us, that this deflrudive 
Mode of Proceeding has been adopted but " in Part" by fome of the 
Inhabitants of this Colony. We alfure you that we neither have nor 
do intend to give our Approbation to Meafures deftru(51:ive to the Wel- 
fare of our Conrtituents, and in which we ihall be equally involved 
with them — their Interefls and our own we look upon as infeparable — 

no 



\Sth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 31 



no Arguments are necefTary to prevail on us to endeavour to prevent 
luch impending Calamities; and, if we fhould at any Time miftake our 
Duty fo much, we hope your Regard to the People will induce you to 
exert the Prerogative, and thereby give them the Choice of other Re- 
prefentatives, who may a6t with more Prudence. The Uncertainty, 
however, to what " alarming Tranfaclions" in particular you refer, ren^- 
ders it fufficient for us to alTure you only, that we profefs ourfelves to 
be the loyal Subjects of the King, from whofe Goodnels we hope t^i 
be relieved from the prelent unhappy Situation ; that we will do all in 
our Power to preferve that excellent Form of Government under which 
we at prefent live ; and that we neither intend to ufurp the Rights of 
others, nor fufFer any veiled in us by the Conftitution to be wrelled out 
of our Hands by any Perfon or Perfons whatfoever. 

We fincerely lament the unhappy Differences which at prefent fub- 
fifl: betwen Great-Britain and her Colonies. — We Ihall heartily rejoice to 
fee the Time when they fhall fubfide on Principles confiftent with the 
Rights and Interells of both, which we ardently hope is not far off; and 
though we cannot conceive how the fepa rate Petition of one Colony is more 
likely to fucceed than the united Petitions of all; yet, in order to fhew 
our Defire to promote fo good a Purpofe by every proper Means, we 
fliall make Ufe of the Mode pointed out by your Excellency, in Hopes 
it will meet with that Attention which you are pleafed to affure us 
will be paid to the Reprefentatives of the People. 

We have already refolved to fupport His Majefty's Government — and 
we beg Leave to aifure your Excellency, that though we are warmly at- 
tached to that Liberty, which, as Subjects of our auguft Monarch, we 
apprehend ourlelves to be juflly entitled to, and firmly refolved to pre- 
ferve it by every conftitutionai Means in our Power ; yet we fhall with 
Pleafure lay hold of every proper Occafion to manifeft that Loyalty to 
his Perfon, and Regard to the Conftitution, which, as Subjecls and Free- 
men, can be reafonably expecfled from us. 

House of Assembly. 7 By Order of the Houfc, 

Feb. ift. 1775. S CORTLAND SKINNER, Speaker. 

To which His Excellency was pleafed to make the following Anfwer. 

Gentlemen, 

WERE I to give fuch an Anfwer to your Addrefs as the peculiar 
Nature of it feemsto require, I fhould be neceffarily led into the Ex- 
planation and Difcuffion of feveral Matters and Tranfaclions, which, 
from the Regard I bear to you, and the People of this Colony, I would 
far rather have buried in perpetual Oblivion. 

It is, befides, in vain now to argue on the Subjedf, as you have, with 
a moft uncommon and unneceffary Precipitation, given your entire Ap- 
probation to that deftrudive Mode of Proceeding, which I fo earneftly 
warned you againft. 

Whether, after fuch a Refolution, the Petition you mention can be 
reafonaljly expeded to produce any good Effed ; and whether you or I 
• have 



V 



32 VOTES, &c. of the Gesekal Assembly o/ New-Jersey. 

have beft confulted the true Interefts of the People on this important 
Occafion, I fliall leave others to determine. 

You may be aiTured, however, that the Advice I gave you was total- 
ly uninfluenced by any finifter Motive whatever. It came from an 
Heart fincerely devoted to my native Country, whofe Welfare and 
Happinefs depend, as I conceive, upon a Plan of Condud very differ- 
ent from what has been hitherto adopted. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of Inhabitants of New Bar- 
hadoes and Hackinjack in the County of Bergen, praying a Law laying 
a Penalty on every Perfon drawing the Bridge commonly called the 
Neiv Bridge, and leaving the fame open over Hackinjack River, 6'^. 
which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Bill, entitled, An A&.for raifing the Sum of Three Hundred Fifty- 
feven Pounds Fourteen Shillings and Eleven-pence, Proclamation Mo- 
ney, on the Inhabitants of the County of Somerfet, for repaying certain 
Perfons therein named the Money they have advanced in rebuilding Queens 
Bridge, was read the fecond Time \ on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engroffed. 

The 



Dr. 



STEPHEN SKINNER, 


Account 


of the Sinking — 


To Balance of Account 7th September 1772, 


^ 






/• 7984 3 3, 


To Cafh received of Middlefex County Defi- 










ciency 1770, - - 


/•6S4 


16 







To ditto Monmouth Deficiency, 


243 


17 


8 




To ditto Somerfet ditto. 


78 


'3 


5 


977 71 


To the Sinking Fund Tax directed to be raifed 










for the Year 1772, viz. 










Bergen, 


830 


10 







Effex, 


928 


14 







Middlefex, 


1090 


8 







Monmouth, 


'336 


8 







Somerfet, 


J 130 


2 







Morris, 


904 


5 





6220 7 


To the Sinking Fund Tax direfled to be raifed 








1773. W2- 










Bergen, 


830 


JO 







Effex, 


928 


14 







Middlefex, 


1090 


8 







Monmouth, 


1336 


8 







Somerfet, 


1130 


2 







Morris, 


904 


S 





6220 7 












;f. 21402 4 4 

« 



15/^ G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 



O 1 



The Bill, entitled, An Acifcr raifmg the Sum of One Hundred Twenty- 
two Pounds Fourteen Shillings and Three-pence, Proclajnat ion Money, on 
the Inhabitants of the Counties ■^/^vliddlefex and Soi^rfet, for reoayiji^ the 
Managers of the^ Landing Bridge the Money they ha'ue advanced for 
completing the aforefaid Bridge, was read the fecond Time ; on the 
Queftion, 

Ordered, 

That the faid Bill be engrofTed. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 



Saturday, February a^, ^11 S' 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Lawrence, from the Committee appointed to join a Committee 
of the Council to adjufl: and letcle the late and preient Eaftern Trea- 
furers Accounts, 6'^- and burn the cancelled Money in their Haiids 
reported, that at feveral Meetings for thole Purpofes they had adjufted 
and fettled the faid Accounts, and burnt the faid cancelled Money 
and with Leave he delivered the faid Accounts to the Houfe, which were 
refpedlively read, and the fame are as follow, viz. 



Fund with the Province oiNEW-JERS E T. Cr. 

By Current Bills of Credit cancelled by the 
Juftices andFreeliolders, as per their Cer- 
tificate, May 1773, in full of the Tax for 
the Year 1770, acd this Day burned, - /. 2741 3 6 

By Current Bills of Credit cancelled by the 
Juftices and Freeholders, as per their Cer- 
tificate, in May 1773, Part of the Tax 
1771, and this Day burned, - - 1679 5 o 



By fundry Deficiencies of Taxes not paid in, 
viz. for the Year 1772, 



£. 4420 8 6 



Middlefex, /• 5 ■ 5 4 o 

Monmouth, 2 1 1 17 c 

Somerfet, 486 9 2 



1213 10 



Balance to Account Current, 15768 5 3 



/. 21402 4 4 



Terth-Amboy, January 23, 1775. 

By Order of the Committees, i""'' Stevens, 



Richard Lawrence. 
I Dr. 



34 FOTES, &c. of the General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 



Dr. STEPHEN SKINNER, Account Support Go— 



To a Tax ordered to be levied for Support 
of Government fer the Year 1773, viz. 



Btrgen, /"-^SZ n o 

E(fex, 260 I o 

Somerfet, 316 9 o 

Mlddlefe-x, 305 6 o 

Monmouth, 374 40 

Morris, 353 4 o 



/• 1741 15 O 



Dr. STEPHEN SKINNER, his Account Current— 

To Balance of Accounts fettled by the Com- 
mittee, Sf^^ 7, 1772 — — £.6']\\ 18 8| 

Dedufl; therefrom the Money flolen from the 

Treafury J'?//y 2 1 , 1768 - 6570 9 4 

• £• '41 9 41 

To Balance of Sinking Fund - - - 15768 5 3 

To Balance Support Government - - - 485 15 o 

To Cafli for Exchanging ragged Bills - - 5000 o o 

To Ditto of J'c/^w f'F(?//^m// for Fine of a Pedlar - - 7 10 o 

£. 21402 19 7^ 



Dr. step hen SKINNER, Efq. his Account Current— 

To Balance of Accounts fettled by the Committees, Sep. 7, 1 772 £.6^] 1 1 1 8 8 J 
To Balance of Sinking Fund ... 15768 5 3 

To Balance of Support Government - - 485 15 o 

To Cafh for Exchanging ragged Bills - - 5000 o o 

To Ditto of John Wetherill for Fine of a Pedlar - 7100 

/". 27973 8 ii| 



iSthG.m. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, j^^. Governor. sj 



vernment with the Province of N E W-J E R S E T^ Cr. 

By fundry Deficiencies of Taxes not paid io, 
viz. to be accounted for by Mr. Tieafurer 

£y^.v, /'^fio 1 o 

Somerfet, 316 9 o 

Middle/ex, 305 60 

Monmouth, 374 40 



•/'.1256 o o 
Balance carried to Account current, - . . . ^.y^ j^ q 



Perth-Amboy., January 23, 1775. 

By Order of the Committees, J°"^ Stevens, 



Richard Lawrekce. 



with the Province of NE W- J ERSE T. Cr. 

By Amount of fundry Vouchers produced, indorfed and allowed £. 2791 13 4 
By Cafh paid John Smyth per Receipt — — 1711163} 

By Cafh paid John Smyth per Receipt — — 1500 o o 



— — — — £. 21402 19 73. 

Perth-Amboy, January 24, 1775. Stephen Skinner. 



'T' HE above is the Account of the late Treafurer as exhibited by him to \is, but to which your 
Committees could not agree, as the Sum of/. 6570: 9: 4 is deducted, which Sum is faid to be 
ftolen out of the Treafury, and for which an Aflion is now depending and undetermined: Therefore 
ftate the following Account. 

By Order of the Committees, J"""" Stevens, 
■' Richard Lawrence. 



with the Province of NETV-J E RSET, Cr. 

By Amount of fundry Vouchers produced, indorfed and 

allowed — — — — £. 2791 13 4 

By Cafh paid John Smyth, Efq. the prefent Treafurer, as 

per Receipts — — — 18611 6 3^. 

Balance due to the Province — — 6570 9 4A. 



Perth-Amboy, January 24, 1775. 

By Order of the Committees, i""'' Stevens, 



£• 27973 8 Hi 

NS, 

Richard Lawrence. 

Dr. 



36 VOTE S,8<.c. of the Gej^eral Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 

Dr. JOHN SMYTH, Account of the Sinking Fund- 

To Cafli received on Account of Deficiency 
for the Year 1772, viz. 

Middk/cx, £. 515 4 o 

Monmouth, an 17 5 

Somcr/ct, 486 9 2 

£. 12 1 3 10 7 

To the Sinking Fund Tax direfted to be raifed 
for the Year 1774, I'i^- 

Bergen, £. 996 12 o 

-Ey^'-v, II 14 7 o 

Middlefex, 1308 10 o 

Monmouth, 1603 14 o 



Somerfet, 1356 3 o 

Morris, 1085 '^ ° 



£. 7464 8 o 
r- 8677 18 7 



Dr. JOHN S MTTH, Efq. Account of Support of Go- 



To Cafli received for County Deficiencies for 
the Year 1773, viz. 



EJfex, 




£■ 


260 


I 







Somerfet, 






316 


9 







Middlefex, 






305 


6 







Monmouth, 






374 


4 













£• ^-5^ 




To a Tax ordered to be levied for Support 


of 












Government for the Year 1774, viz. 














Bergen, 




£■ 


232 


II 







Effex, 






260 


I 







Somerfet, 






316 


9 







Middlefex, 






305 


6 







Monmouth, 






374 


4 







Morris, 






253 


4 

















i* v4i 


15 




£' 2997 


15 



iStlo G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN. Efq. Governor. 37 



with the Province of NE JV - JERSEY. Cr. 

By current Bills of Credit laid before the Juftices and Free- 
holders, as per their Certificate, May iy74, in Part of the 
Tax 1 77 1, and this Day burned, — — £. 4237 6 o 
By fundry Deficiencies of Taxes not paid in for the Year 
1774, viz, 

Efcx, £. 467 12 5 

Middle/ex, 1308 10 o 

£. 1776 2 5 
Balance to Account Current 2664 10 2 



^.8677 18 7 



Ferth-Amboy, February 1, 1775. 

■r. /-w J c 1. r> • ToHN Stevens, 

By Order or the Committees, f, ^ 

•' ' Richard Lawrj 



AWRENCE. 



vernment with the Province of N E W- JERSEY. Cr. 

By fundry Deficiencies of Taxes not paid in, 

viz. EJfex, £.260 I o 

Middle/ex, 307 4 ^^ 

Monmouth, 610 7 9 

£. 1177 12 Hi. 

Balance carried to Account Current, 1820 2 oi 



£.2997 15 O 



Perth-Amboy, February 2, 1775 



■n r\ J r u /- •... ToHN StEVENS, 

By Order or the Committees, i t \, ^„ 

■' ' Richard Lawrence. 

K Dr. 



38 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



Dr. JOHN SMYTH, his Account Cur—. 

To Cafli received of the late Treafurer, £. lyiii 6 3 

To ditto of ditto, . '5°° o o 

/*. 18611 6 3 

To Balance of Sinking Fund, — — — 2664 10 2 

To Balance of Support of Government, — 1820 2 o{. 

To Calh of Jofepb Skciton for Fine of a Pedlar, , 710 o 

To Balance received in full of old Arrears for 

the County of M/W(.//if/c.Y, . - - 82 11 oi 

/". 23185 19 6 



Dr. JOHN SMYTH, Treafurer, on Account of Old Ar— 

the Third, entitled, An Adl to enforce the Payment of ft — 

To old Arrears ordered to be levied in 1773, wz. 

Middlcfex, £.^211 01. 

Bergen, 21 4 9^ 

Somerfet, ^ 5 '^ 

Effex, 72 6 ^^ 

Ditto, 42 16 o 



.£. 220 3 3 



Mr. Tucker, one of the Committee to fettle the Accounts of the ' 
prefent and late Treafurer, informed the Houfe, that the prefent Trea- 
furer faid he had not received all the Balance due to the Province, and 
moved that a Committee be appointed to inquire into the prefent Situ- 
ation of the Treafury, the Monies therein, and if any Deficiencies 
into fuch Deficiency, and the Caufes thereof, -and to make Report 
thereon : Whereupon the previous Queftion being demanded, whether 
the Motion is necefFary at this Time ? It was carried in the Affirma- 
tive : The Quellion was thereupon put on the faid Motion, and carried 
in the Affirmative, Nem. Con. 

Ordered^ 



15//^ G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Zy^. Governor. 39 



rent with the Province of N E W - J E R S E T. Cr. 

By fundry Vouchers produced, ipdorfed and allowed, including 

Support of Governnient, War Fund, and Bounties, Z^- 2635 5 7 

Balance due the Province, /T 20550 13 11 



£. 231S5 19 6 

Perth-Amboy, February 3, 1775. John Smyth, Trcafurer. 

E S I D E S the above Balance there is in the prefent Treafurer's Hands oiitftanding Debts 
' on Account of the parliamentary Donations ; a Bond and Mortgige ft'om Lord Stirling for 
£. 2605: 18: 8, of which no Part is paid; alfo Bonds and Mortgages from John and Gabriel 
OgJsn for /. 1753 : i6: 3, of which laft the prefent Treafiirer has received £. 100 : o: O — the Sum 
of^'. 160: o: O received on fame Account being accounted for by the late Treafurer la 1771. 

By Order of the Committees, }""'' Stevexs, 
•' KiCHARD Lawrence. 



rears mentioned in an Acl palled in the i2th Year of George Gr. 
•veral old Arrears due to the Treqfury of N E W - J E Pv. S E Y. 

^nS-> January 30. 

By Calh received from the County of M'u!dlcfzx, and carried 
to the Credit of the Province in Account Current with the 
Treafurer, - - ^. 8 2 1 1 oj. 

Balance due the Province, - 137 12 24- 



Fcrth-Amboy, February 3, 1775. 

T> /^ J r..!, /-■ -.^ JOHN Stevens, 

By Order 01 the Committees, Vi ^ 



£• 2^0 3 

s, 
Richard Lawrence. 



Ordered, 
That Mr. Kinfey, Mr. JVetherill, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Combs and Mr. 
Elmer, or any three of them, be a Committee to inquire into the pre- 
fent Situation of the Treafury, the Monies therein, and if any Defi- 
ciencies into fuch Deficiencies, and the Canfes thereof, and make Re- 
port to the Houfe. 

Mr, Crane, in Behalf of the Petitioners purfuant to Leave given, 
brought in a Bill, entitled, An AcSl to ere£i and ejlablijh a Road Jrom 
the foiithnvejiermofi Point of Bergen up Newark Bay tovjards Paulus- 
Hook, and other Purpofes therein mentioned ; which was read, and 
ordered a fecond Reading. 

The 



40 VOTES, Sec. of the GE:<r.KAL Assembly of New-Jersey. 



The Bill yor Support of Goi>ernvient was read the. fecond Time: 
Whereupon the Houfe refolved itfelf into a Committee of the whole 
Houfe on. the faid Bill /j/- Support of Co'vcnunent ; and, after fome 
Time fpcnt therein, Mr. Speaker relumed the Chair, and Mr. Crane, 
Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee had made 
Jbmc Pro_!;relii in the Matters to them referred, and defired Leave to fit 



again 



to which the Houie agreed. 



The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Nine o'Clock. 

MoJiiiay, February 6, 1775' 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of Inhabitants of Middlefex 
County, praying a Law for Manumiflion of Slaves ; which was read, 
and ordered a fecond Reading. 

A Petition was prefented by a great Number of Inhabitants of 
Monmouth County, againft the palling a Law for the Manumiflion of 
Slaves ; which was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Re-engrofled Bill, with the Council's Amendments, entitled, An 
A61 to ereEl and eflabliJJj Courts in the federal Counties in this Colojiy, for 
the Trial of fmall Canfes, &c. was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Dey and Mr. Sheppard do carry the faid Bill to the Council. 
Mr. Dey reported, that Mr. Sheppard and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufled to the Speaker in Council. 

The Bill, entitled, An h.€i for the preferring of Oyjiers in the Colony 
of Nevv-Jerfey, was read the fecond Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the faid Bill be engrofled. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A MefTage from the Council by Mr. Hopkinfon. 

Ordered, Council-Chamber, Feb. 6, 1773". 

'T^ HAT Mr. Hopkinfon do acquaint the Houfe of Affembly that the 
-*■ Bill, entitled, An Aft to enable the Oivners and Poffeffors of the 
Meadoii's and Sit'atnps lying on Ramboe'j- Run, in the Toivnjhip of Dept- 
ford in the County of Gloucefter, to keep up and tnaititaifi the Bank, Sec. 
is pafTed this Houfe without any Amendment. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTI T, D. Clerk. 

A Petition 



1 



iSth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 41 



A Petition was prefented from John Mutuants, an Infolvent Debtor in 
the Gaol of Elizabeth-Toivn, praying a Law for his Relief, 6^. which 
was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Bill, entitled, Afupphmentary Ad to an Acl, entitled^ An A61 to 
e7iable the Proprietors and Pojfejf'ors of the Aleadoxrs, Sivavips and loiu 
Lands of the River PafTaick and Dead River, to clear the fame, &c, was 
read the fecond Time ; on the Quellion, Whether the Houfe will go 
into the Confideration of the Matter now or refer the lame to the 
next Seflion ? It palfed for referring ; 
Ordered, 

That the Confideration thereof be referred to the next SefTion accord- 
ingly. 

Mr. Ktnfey, from the Committee appointed to inquire into the prefent 
Situation of the Treafury, c^t. made the following Report : 

WE, the Subfcribers appointed by the Houfe of Aflembly as a 
Committee to inquire into the prefent Situation of the Eaftern 
Treafury, the Monies therein, and the Deficiencies, beg Leave to report 
to the Houfe — 

That from the Information of the Treafurer there is a Deficiency 
of upwards of Five Thoifand Pounds, Monies which ought to have 
been cancelled and funk fome Time paft in the Eaftern Divifion. 

The prefent Treafurer informed your Committee, that upwards of 
fix Weeks ago he applied to the late Treafurer of the Eaftern Divifion 
to fettle his Accounts with him, which he put off until a Committee 
of this Houfe had applied to the late Treafurer for that Purpofe. 

That when the prefent Treafurer fo applied to the late Treafurer, the 
laft told him there was no Neceflity for, him then to fettle the Accounts 
finally — that he had not the Whole by about Five Thoufand Pounds — 
the Houfe would fee the Deficiencies, and would of Courfe order him 
to pay it into the prefent Treafurer's Hands. 

The prefent Treafurer fhewed to your Committee a Bond given by 
the late Treafurer, and the Honourable James Parker, Efq. for the De- 
ficiency due to the Province ; which Bond is dated the fourth Day of 
the prefent Month oi February , and is in the Penalty of Ten Thoufand 
Six Hundred and Sixty-nine Pounds, and is conditioned to pay Five 
Thoufand Three Hundred and Thirty-four Pounds Twelve Shillings and 
Ten-pence, Proclamation. Money, in March next. The prefent Treafurer 
mentioned to your Committee, that he was willing to be fworn to the 
Truth of the Information fo given by him to your Committee. 

Your Committee have alfo infpefted into the Security given by 
the Treafurer, which Bond your Committee beg Leave to lay before 
the Houfe. 

All ivhich is fubmitted by 

Feb. 6, 1775". James Kinsey, John Combs, 

John Wetherill, Theophilus Elmer. 
Edward Taylor, 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, An Act for rafing the Sum o/" Three Hun- 
dred Fifty-feven Pounds Fourteen Shillings and Three-pence, Proclama- 

L tion 



42 VOTE S, &CC. of the General Assembly o/' New-Jersey. 

tion Money, on the Inhabitants of the County of Somerfet, for repaying 
certain Perfons therein named the Money they have ad'vanced in rebuilding 
Queens Bridge, was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 
That the faqne do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

The Engroffed Bill, entitled, An AAfor raiftng the Sum of One Hun* 
dred Twenty-two Pounds Fourteen Shillings and Three-pence, Procla" 
mat ion Money ^ on the Inhabitants of the Counties o/'Middlelex and Somer- 
ittfor repaying the Managers of the Landing Bridge the Money they have 
advanced for completing the f aid Bridge; on the Queftion, 
Refolved, 

That the fame do pafs. 
Ordered, 

That the Speaker fign the fame. 
Ordered^ 

That Mr. B.oy and Mr. Combs do carry the faid Bills to the Coun- 
cil for Concurrence. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe on the Biliyor the Support of Government ; and, 
after fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refiimed the Chair, and Mr. 
Crane, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee had 
gone through the Matters to them referred, and had come to feveral Re- 
Iblutions, which he was ready to report whenever the Houfe would pleafe 
to receive the fame ; 
Ordered, 

That the faid Report be made immediately: 

Whereupon Mr. Crane reported the Refolutions of the Committee as 
follovir, viz. 

I. Refolved^ 
That in and by the faid Bill, when paffed into a Law, there be paid 
to His Excellency William Franklin, Efq. Governor of this Co- 
lony, at the Rate of ^. 1200 per Annum, Proclamation Money, to com- 
mence the firfl: Day of OBober lafl: ; and, on the Queftion, whether the 
Houfe agreed to the faid Sum or not \ It palled in the Affirmative, as 
follows : 



Yeas. 

Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Demareji, 
Mr. Ford, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. Kmfey, 



Yeas. 

Mr. HeivlingSy 
Mr. Hinc/jman, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Peitit. 



Nays. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. WetheriU, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hand, 

who voted for £. 1000. 



2. To 



ij-Z/^'G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, ^y^. Governor. 43 



2. To David Ogden, Efq. Second Juftice of the Supreme Court of 
this Colony, at the Rate oi £. 150 per Annum, Money aforefaid ; and-, 
on the Queftion, whether the Houfe agrees thereto or not? It paffed i 
the Affirmative, as follows^ 



in 



Yeas. 

Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Ftjher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Demarejl, 
Mr. Ford, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Hewlings, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Mehelm; 
Mr. Sheppard, 
I\Ir. Ehner:, 
Mr. Pettit. 



Nays. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. GarrUfe, 
Mr. Df/, 



Navs. 

Mr. fT'?;?^/, 
Mr. //a«i, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 



who voted for f.ico. 



3. To Richard Stockton, Efq. Third Juftice of the Supreme Court 
of this Colony at the Rate of £. 150 per Annum, Money aforefaid; 
and, on the Queflion, whether the Houfe agrees thereto or not ? It 
pafled in the Affirmative, as follows : 



Yeas. 

Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Fi/her, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Demareji, 
Mr. Ford, 
Mr. Kinfey, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Sheppard, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Pf"////. 



Nays; 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Ti7;'/o;-, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Garrilfe, 
Mr. Z)c7, 

who voted for ^. 1 00, 



Nays. 

Mr. RvKi/f, 
Mr. /frt;z^, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 



4. To Cortland Skinner, Efq. Attorney-General of this Colony, at the 
Rate of £. 40 per Annum, Money aforefaid ; and, on the Queflion^ 
whether the Houfe agrees thereto or not ? It pafTed in the Affirmative, 
as follows : 



Yeas. 

Mr. Crane, 

Mr. Garritfei 

Mr. FiJJjer, 

Mr. Roy, 

Mr. Demareji, 

Mr. far(/, 

Mr. Windi, 



Yeas. 



Nays. 



Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr. 
Mr, 
Mr. 



Kinfey , 

Hewlingti 

Sykes, 

Hinchman, 

Mehelm, 

Elmer, 

Pettit. 



Mr. Combs, 
Mr. IVetherill, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lanurence, 
Mr. Dey, 

who roted for £. 30. 



Nays. 

Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Sheppai4, 



5. To Samuel Smith and yo/jff Smyth, Efquires, Treafurers of this 
Colony, each at the Rate of £. 40 per Annum, Money aforefaid; to 
which the Houfe agreed. 

6. To the Clerk of the Council for the Time being, at the Rate of 
£. 30. per Annum, Money aforefaid; to which the Houfe agreed. 

7. To the Agent of this Colony for the Time being, at the Rate of 
£. 100 per Annum, Money aforefaid ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

8. To the Clerk of the Circuits for the Time being, reliding in this 

Colony, 



44 VOTES, &c. o/" //?^ General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Colony, the Sum of ;^. 20 per Annum, Money aforefaid ; to which the 
Houfe agreed. 

9. To the Doorkeeper of the Coxmcil of this Colony, at the Rate of 
Ten Pounds per Annum, Money aforefaid ; to which the Houfe 
agreed. 

10. To His Excellency William Franklin, Efq. at the Rate of 
£. 60 per Annum, Money aforefaid, for Houfe Rent, provided he 
makes Perth-Amboy or Burlington the Place of his Refidence ; to which 
the Houfe agreed. 

11. To the Juftice or Juflices of the Supreme Court of this Colony, 
for attending the Circuit Courts and Courts of Oyer and Terminer, in 
the Manner prefcribed by the faid Act, the Sum of Ten Pounds for 
each Time ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

12. To each of the Council for the Time being, for the Time they 
may attend at any Sitting of General AiTembly within the Time, 
Eight Shillings per Day ; on the Queftion, Whether the Sum be Eight 
Shillings or Six Shillings ? It was carried for Eight Shillings as fol- 
lows, ^'/z. 

For Eight Shillings per Diem. For Six Shillings per Diem. 

Mr. Cra>:e, Mr. Winds, Mr. Combs, Mr. Eldridge, 

Mr. Garritfe, Mr. Khifey, Mr. IVetherill, Mr. Tucker, 

Mr. Fifjer, Mr. He'wlings, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Sheppard. 

Mr. Roy, Mr. Mehelm, Mr. Laivrence, 

Mr. De\, Mr. Elmer, Mr. Sykes, 

Mr. Dsmarejl, Mr. Pettit. Mr. Hinchman, 

Mr. Ford, Mr. Hand, 

13. To Jonathan Deare, one of the Clerks of the Houfe of Reprefen- 
tatives, or any other Clerk, for his Attendance, the Sum of Ten Shil- 
lings per Day, for the Time he hath or fliall attend at any Sitting of 
General Affembly during the Continuance of this Ad ; alfo , the Sum 
o^ Four-pence per Sheet, reckoning Ninety Words to the Sheet, for en- 
tering the Minutes of any Sitting, during the Continuance of this Ad, 
fair in the Journals, and copying the Laws and Minutes for the Printer; 
and to the ikid Jonathan Deare, the Sum of Tiveh^e Pounds for Pen, 
Ink and Paper, and hiring Clerks to forward the Bufinefs of this Sef- 
fioft ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

14. To Charles Pettit, Efq. Deputy-Secretary, or to the Deputy-Se- 
cretary for the Time being, for copying publick Laws to fend Home 
to England, during the Continuance of this Ad, Four-pence per Sheet, 
reckoning Ninety Words to the Sheet ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

15. To each of the Treafurers of this Colony, Six-pence per Pound 
for exchanging Tagrred and torn Bills of Credit of this Colony ; to 
which the Houfe agreed. 

1 6. To Ifaac Collins, or any other Printer hereafter to be appointed, 
for Printing the Minutes of the Houfe of Reprefentatives of any Sitting 
during the Continuance of this Ad, and for Printing the Laws paiTed 
at any Sitting as aforefaid, of any other Printing, fuch Sums as Hcn- 
drick Fijljer, Stephen Crane, James Kinfey and Thomas Polgreen Hew- 



I5//&G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/^. Governor. 45 



lings, Efquires, or any two of them, fliall agree to be paid for the 
faid Service ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

17. To the Sergeant at Arms for the Time being, who fhall attend 
the Council, the Sum of Three Shillings per Diem ; and to the Sergeant 
at Arms, who fhall attend- the Houfe of Reprefentatives, the Sum of 
Three Shillings per Diem ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

18. To the Doorkeeper of the Houfe of Reprefentatives for the Time 
being, who fliall attend the Houfe in Manner aforefaid, the Suai of 
Three Shillings and Six-pence per Diem ; to which the Houfe agreed. 

19. To the Speaker, and every of the IVIembers of the Houfe of Re- 
prefentatives for the Time each of them fhall attend at any Sitting of 
General AfTembly, during the Continuance of this A(5f, Eight Shillifigs 
per Diem ; on the Queftion, whether the Sum be Eight Shillings or Six 
Shillings per Diem? It was carried for Eight Shillings, as follows, 'uiz. 



For Eight Shillings per Diem. 
Mr. Crane, Mr. Binds, 



For Six Shillings per Diem. 



Mr. Garntfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Bey, 
Mr. Demareji, 
Mr. Ford, 



Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Mehelm, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Pettit. 



Mr. Combs, 
Mr. WethenH, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Sykes, 
Mr. Hinchman, 



Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Thicker, 
Mr. Sheppard. 



Ordered, 
That the Bill for Support of Go'vernment, as reported and agreed to, 



be engrofTed. 

Mr. Roy reported, that Mr. Combs and himfelf delivered the Bills with 
them intruded to Mr. Parker, one of the Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Tuejday, February 7, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 

The EngrofTed Bill, entitled. An ^€ifor preferring of Oyfters in the 
Colony of New-Jerfey, was read and compared ; on the Queftion, 
Refolded, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fi/fjer and Mr. Mehelm do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

It appearing to the Houfe by the Accounts of the late and prefent 
Treafurers, that fundry Counties in the Eaflern Divifion have not paid 
in their feveral Quotas of the Taxes laid on them by divers A6ls of 
AfTembly ; it is ordered by the Houfe that the Treafurer of the Eaflern 
Divifion do immediately collecft the Sums of Money fo due ; and that 

M iu 



46 VOTES, &c. 0/ //?£ General Assembly o/* New-Jersey. 



in future he fhall not be allowed for any fucli Deficiency, unlefs he 
fhall make it appear to the Houfe that he has ufed the proper and legal 
Means to compel the Payment thereof. 

Ordcf'ed, 
That the Printer of this Colony do deliver the Votes and Laws of 
this Colony, for the Ufe of the Agent, to the Committee of Corre-, 
fpondence. 

Ordered alfo, 
That the Royal Confirmation of the A<51, entitled, An A61 for efta- 
hjyijing the Boundary or Partition Live betiveen the Colonies of New- 
York and Nova-Cxfarea or New-Jerfey, and for confirming the Titles 
and Pojfefftons, be recorded in the Secretary's Office of both Divifions 
of this Colony, and that this Houfe will defray the Expence thereof, 
and that Mr. Speaker be defired to direcft the fame to be done as fpeedily 
as poflible. 

On Motion made, 

It is ordered by the Houfe that the late Treafurer do appear before 

the Houfe at Ten o'Clock To-morrow Morning, in order that they may 

inquire of him concerning the Deficiency reported due from him to the 

Province, and that a Copy of this Order be ferved on him immediately. 

Mr. Fifloer reported, that Mr. Mehelm and himfelf delivered the Bill 
to them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 

The feveral Petitions from Infolvent Debtors were read the fecond 
Time : Whereupon a Motion was made that a Committee be appoint- 
ed to prepare and bring in a fupplementary Adl to an Adl, entitled, An 
Acl for the Relief of Itfohent Debtors ; on the Qiieftion it was carried 
in the Affirmative : 
Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 

Mr. Lawrence, 

Mr. Fijher, 

Mr. Winds, 

Mr. Kinfey, 

Mr. Hew/ings, 

Mr. Sykes, 

Ordered, 

That Mr. Kinfey, Mr. FifJjer, Mr. Mehelm, Mr. Tucker and Mr. Combs, 
be a Committee to prepare and bring in a fupplementary Adl accord- 
ingly. 

The feveral Petitions for and againft the Manumiflion of Slaves 
were read the fecond Time ; and on the Queftion, Whether the Con- 
fideration of the faid Petitions fliall be referred to the next Seffion 
or not ? It was carried in the Affirmative : 



Yeas. 


Nays. 


Nays. 


Mr. Hinchmany 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. Ford, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Mehelm, 


Mr. Crane, 


Mr. Eldridge, 


Mr. Elmer, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. Sheppard. 


Mr. Pettit, 


Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Dentareji, 







Yeas. 




Yeas. 


Mr. 


La-wrence, 


Mr. 


Hinchman, 


Mr. 


Crane, 


Mr. 


Tucker, 


Mr. 


Fijlier, 


Mr. 


Mehelm, 


Mr. 


Roy, 


Mr. 


Sheppard, 


Mr. 


Kinfey, 


Mr, 


Ehncr, 


Mr. 


Henulings, 


Mr. 


Pettit. 



Mr. Sykes, 



Nays. 


Nays. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. IVetheriU, 


Mr. Hand, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. Eldridge 


Mr. Carritji, 




Mr. Dey, 




Mr. Detiiarejl, 




Mr. Fiird, 





Ordered, 



15/^ G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/^^. Governor. 47 

Ordered, 
That the further Confideration of faid Petitions be referred to the 
next Seflion of Aflembly. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Kitifey, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled, AJuppIementary A(^ to an ASi, entitled^ An A61 for 
the Relief of Infolvent Debtors ; which was read, and ordered a fecond 
Reading. 

The Houfe took into Confideration His Excellency's MelTage of the 
30th Day of January laft, which was read, together with Colonel 
Robertfons Letter and his Account, i^c. Whereupon, after fome Debate, 
Refolved, 

That this Houfe will not allow the Charge for Sheets as charged in 
Colonel Robertfons Account. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Mehehn and Mr. HetvUngs do wait on His Excellency 
and inform him, that the Houfe have taken his Meflage of the 30th 
of January laft, relating to the Charge made by Colonel Robertfon of 
Three Hundred and Ffty-four Pounds Seuen Shillings and Six-pence for 
Sheets furnifhed the King's Troops in this Colony, and the Balance in 
his Hands of Thirty-four Pounds Eight Shillings and Six-pence, into 
their Confideration — 

That the Houfe beg Leave to acquaint his Excellency, that they 
cannot allow of the Charge fo made, it being new, uncommon, and 
never allowed of by this Colony ; and that the Houfe requeft His Ex- 
cellency will be pleafed to pay the Balance in his Hands to the Eaftern 
Treafurer. 

The feveral Petitions from a Number of Inhabitants of the lower 
Part of Suffex, and the northern Part of Hunterdon, praying a Law to 
erefl the upper or northern Part of the County of Hunterdon and low- 
er Part of Suffex into a feparate County, were read the fecond Time ; 
on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the further Confideration of faid Petitions be referred to the 
next Seflion of Aflembly. 

The Bill, entitled, An Adl to confirm and efiablijh a Road laid out by 
Virtue of an AH for laying out and efiablifJoing the Road from Bergen 
Point along up Newark Bay, and fr07n thence to Paulus-Hook, i^c. was 
read the fecond Time ; and being amended in the Houfe, on the 
Queflion, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be engrofled. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'clock. 

JVednefday, 



\i 



48 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 

I^ ednefday, February 8, 1775. 
The Houfe met. 

A Letter was prefented to the Houfe from the Honourable Stephen 
Skinner, Efq. which by Order of the Houfe was read, and is as fol- 
lows, viz. 

Mr. Speaker, 

np H E MefTage of the Houfe, ordering the late Treafurer to attend 
-^ this Day at Ten o'Clock, to inquire of him the Deficiency of the 
Treafury, I have received ; but as I have the Honour to be one of His 
Majelly's Council, I can't pofTibly attend till fuch Time as I have laid 
the Order before the Council, which I fliall immediately do upon their 
Meeting. 

As the Order is to inquire concerning the Deficiency of the Treafury, 
I can alTure the Houfe, that had I been apprized of their wanting the 
Publick Money, I ihould have taken Care that the Whole fliould have 
been in the Treafury for their Infpeclion ; but as I have amply fecured 
the Treafurer, I Ihall take Care that he fliall have the whole Amount 
of the Bond I have given him within the Time appointed for cancel- 
ling the Publick Money. 

/ am, ivith great RefpeB, 

Tours and the Houfe' s mofl 
Feb. S, 1775. Humble Servant, 

Stephen Skinner. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, An A&. to confrm and eflahliJJj a Road 
laid out by Virtue of an AH, entitled, An hCtfor laying out and eflahlijh- 
ing a Road from Bergen Point along up Newark Bay, andfroyn thence to 
Paulus-Hook, '^^c. was read and compared j and, on the Queflion, 
Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Crane and Mr. Winds do carry the faid Bill to the Council 
for Concurrence. 

The Petition from feveral Conflabies of Morris County, praying a 
Law to raife the Conftables Fees, i^'c. was read the fecond Time ; on 
the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the laid Petition do lie on the Table. 

The Petitions from divers Inhabitants of the County of Burlington, 
for and againft a Law for creeling a Bridge over AJ/ifcunk Creek, in the 
City of Burlington, were read the fecond Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 
That the further Confideration of the faid Petitions be referred to the 
next SelTion of Aflemblv. 

Mr. 



i^/y^G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Z:/^. Governor. 49 



T 



Mr. Crane reported, that Mr. Winds and himfelf delivered the Bill 
with them intrufted to the Speaker in Council. 
A Meffage from the Council by Mr. Coxe. 

Ordered, Council-Chamber, Feb. 8, 1775". 

HAT Mr. Coxe do acquaint the Houfe of Afleinbly that the Bill, 
entitled. An Adi for raiftng the Sum of Three Hundred Fifty-feven 
Pounds Fourteen Shillings and Eleven-pence, Proclamation Money, on 
the Inhabitants of the County of ^ovaeriex., for repaying, &c. and the Bill, 
entitled, An Act for raifng the Sum of One Hundred Twenty-two Pounds 
Fourteen Shillings and Three-pence, Proclamation Money, on the Inhabi- 
tants of the Counties o/MiddlefexAHi Somerfet,yo;- repaying, &c. are both 
pafled by the Council without any Amendments. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT. D. Clerk. 

The Petition of Abraham Kitchel of Morris County, praying Recom- 
mence for having taken the Number of the People in the Townlhip of 
Hano-ver, with their Ages, Births, zs'C. was read the fecond Time : 
Ordered, 
That the feveral Perfons who have taken a Lift of the Inhabitants 
do apply and lay their Accounts before the Juftices and Freeholders of 
the leveral Counties, who are defired to certify to the Houfe at the next 
Sellion, fuch Accounts, the Sums they apprehend the Perfons entitled 
to, and whether the Perfons really did fuch Service, in order that the 
Houfe may confider and make Provifion therefor ; on the Queftion, 
"Whether the Houfe agrees thereto or not ? It pafled in the Affirmative, 
as follows : 

Yeas. Yeas. Nays. 

Mr. Lawrence, Mr. Winds, Mr. Combs, 

Mr. Crane, Mr. Khifey, Mr. WetheriU, 

Mr. Fijher, Mr. Sykes, Mr. Taylor, 

Mr. Rcyi Mr. H'mchman, Mr. Garritfe, 

Mr. Dcy, Mr. Tucker, Mr. Hand, 

Mr. Dcmarejiy Mr. Shcppard, Mr. Eldridge, 

Mr. Ford, Mr. Peitit. Mr. Ebner. 

The Petition of Charles ^leen, late a Soldier in Captain Johnfons 
Company, in the Neiv-Jerfey Regiment, praying an Allowance for 
Pay, was read the fecond Time ; and it appearing to the Floufe that 
he has received his full Pay and more, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Petition do lie on the Table. 

The Petition from a Number of Inhabitants of Keiv Barbadoes and 

Hackinfack, in the County of Bergen, praying a Law laying a Penalty 

on every Perfon drawing the Nezv Bridge over Hacki7fack River, <6'c. 

was read the fecond Time ; on the Queftion, 

Ordered, 

That the Petitioners have Leave to bring in a Bill at the next Seffion, 

N provided 



jo VOTESf 8cc. of the Ge^ekal Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



Yeas. 


Yeas. 


Nays. 


Mr. Combs, 


Mr. Svkes, 


Mr. Wetherill, 


Mr. Lawrence, 


Mr. Tucker, 


Mr. Taylor, 


Mr. Fifher, 


Mr. Mehclm, 


Mr. C/-^;2^, 


Mr. Winds, 


Mr. Sbeppard, 


Mr. Garritfe, 


Mr. Kin/ev, 


Mr. Elmer, 


Mr. iloj, 


Mr. Hewlings, 


Mr. Pf///V. 


Mr. Dfy, 



provided they give Six Weeks Notice before the faid Seflion in ZSiJg'/j 
Gaines News-Paper, and no Objedlions fliall then appear. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr, Meheini reported, that Mr. Hensolhigs and himfelf delivered the 
MefTage with them intrufted to His Excellency. 

The Bill, entitled, A fupplementary Adl to an Acl, entitled. An A<ft 
■for the Relief of Infohent Debtors, was read the fecond Time ; on the 
Queftion, whether the faid Bill be engrofTed or not ? It paffed in the 
Affirmative, as follows : 

Nays. 

Mr. Demareji, 
Mr. Ford, 
Mr. Hinclnnan, 
Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge. -P 



Ordered, 
That the fame be engrofled. 
A MefTage from the Council by Mr, Stockton, 

Ordered, Council-Chamber. Feb. 8, 177/. 

THAT Mr. Stockton do carry the Bill, entitled. An AOi for pre-' 
ferving of Oyfers in the Colony of New-Jerfey, with the Amend- 
ments thereto annexed, to the Houfe of Aflembly, and defire their Con- 
currence in the faid Amendments, 

By Order of the Houfe, 

G H A, P E T T I T, Z), Clerk. 

Whereupon the faid Bill was read, with the Amendments in their 
Places; and, upon the Qucftion feverally put upon the Amendments, 
the Houfe agreed to all the Amendments made by the Council, 
Ordered, 

That the faid Bill with the Council's Amendments be re-engrofTed. 

The Petition from a Number of the Proprietors of the Weflern Di- 
vifion of this Colony, praying a Law for the final Settlement of the 
Line between the Eaflern and Weflern Divifion of this Colony, was 
read the fecond Time ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Confideration of the faid Petition be referred to the next 
SefTion of AfTembly, 

The Petition from a Number of Inhabitants of Suffex County, 
lying to the Eaftward of Lawrences Line, praying a Law, 6"^. was 
read the fecond Time ; on the Quefdon, 

Ordered^ 



iSth G. m. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 51 



Ordered, 
That the fame be referred to the next Seffion. 



The Petition from a Number of Inhabitants of Nottingham in the 
County of Burlington, praying the Houfe will take fome Meafures to 
fettle the unhappy Differences between Great-Britain and the Colonies, 
was read the fecond Time ; on the QuefHon, 
Ordered, 

That the fame be referred to the Committee appointed to prepare a 
Petition to His Majefly. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'clock, 
Thuj'fday, February' ^, ^775' 

The Houfe met. 

It appearing to the Hovife, by the Report of the Committees appoint- 
ed to fettle the Accounts of the Eaftern Treafury, that there ought to 
be therein upwards of £. 20,000 ; and the Houfe being informed by 
the Eaftern Treafurer, that there is therein upwards of ;^. 1 5,000, great 
Part of which is in Gold and Silver, and the Bills of Credit of this Co- 
lony : In order that the Colony may be fecured from Accidents, Mr. 
Kinfey moves, that Leave be given to bring in a Bill for that Purpofe, 
and that a Committee be appomted to confider of Ways and Means to 
effedl it ; and the previous Quertion being put, whether the Queftion 
be put on the faid Motion or not ? It paffed in the Negative : 

Yeas. Nays. Nays. 

Mr. Combs, Mr. Lawrence, Mr. Winds, 

Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Crane, Mr. Hewlings, 

Mr. Taylor, Mr. Garritfe, Mr. Sykes, 

Mr. Kinfey, Mr. Fijloer, Mr. Hinchman, 

Mr. Tucker, Mr. Ro\, Mr. Hand, 

Mr. Mehelm. Mr. Dey, Mr. Eldridge, 

Mr. Dcmarefi, Mr. Sheppard, 

Mr. Ford, IMr. Pettit. 

A Petition was prefented by a Number of Freeholders of Hackinfack 
and Neiv Barhadoes in the County of Bergen, fetcing forth, that they 
labour under many Difficulties occafioned by the narrow Paifage thro' 
the Draw-Bridge over Hackinfack River, and praying Relief, which was 
read ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the Confideration of the faid Petition be referred to the next 
■Seflion. 

The .Re-engrcffed Bill, with the Council's Amendments, entitled, An 
Act for the Prefervation of Oyfters in the Colony o/'New-Jeriey, was read 
and compared; on the Queftion, 
Refohoed, 

That the fame do pafs. Ordered, 



52 VOTES, &c. of the GEtiEKAL Assembly o/" New-Jersev. 



Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fi/Jjer and Mr. Combs do carry the faid Bill to the Council. 

On a Motion made by Mr. Tucker^ 
Refol'ued, Nem. Con. 

That there is a large Deficiency in the Eaflern Treafury of the Monies 
vs'hich either ought to be therein, or ought to have been cancelled and 
burned fome Time paft, and that it is a manifefl: Breach of Duty for any 
Treafurer of this Colony to apply any fuch Publick Money to any 
private Purpofes whatfoever. 

John Smyth, Efq. defiring to attend the Houfe, was called in, and in- 
formed the Houfe that he had entered into a new Bond with Secu- 
rities for the true and faithful Execution of his Office of Treafurer of 
the Eaftern Divifion, and defired to have the Sentiments of the Houfe 
as to the Sufficiency of his Securities, and that his former Bond may be 
cancelled : 

Whereupon the faid Bond was read ; and, on the Queflion, 
Refokoed, Nem. Con. 

That in the Opinion of this Houfe his faid Securities are very fuffici- 
ent, and that his former Bond may and ought to be cancelled. 

Mr. Fifloer reported, that Mr. Comhs and himfelf delivered the Bill with 
them intrulled to the Speaker in Council. 

Mr. Hexvlhigs from the Committee on Publick Accounts made the 
following Report : 



Dr. John Carty in Account with the Province of New-Jersey, Cr. 



1774- 
July 7th, 



Sept. 13. 



By this Sum he charges for 
carrying Inftrudions, i:c. 
to the Sheriffs of the dif- 
ferent Counties in the 
Province to number the 
Inhabitants, - - /.lo 

By this Sum for conveying 
William V/aod, a Prifoner 
in Gleucejitr Gaol, on 
Sufpicion of Piracy, to 
the City of A^<'tu-2'cr^,by 
a fpecial Commiffion from 
His Excellency Gover- 
nor Franklin for that 
Purpofe, nine Days, at 
25/. per Day, - 11 



/•2' 5 



Dr. John Hoskins in Account with the Province of New-Jersey, Cr. 

By Rent of a Houfe pro- 
vided for the Aflembly 
to fit in the lall Seffioa 
at Burlington, • /. 7 6 3! 

Dr. 



iStb G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 53 



Dr. John Smyth, Efq. in Account with the Province of New-Jersey. Cr. 

1775. By Cafh paid yo^» Tiiffra/- 

January, fen for twelve Windfor 
Chairs, and the Freight 
from Ne'w-Tork, - £•"} 78 
By ditto paid Edtuard 
Hafiuell for Wood for 
the Houfe, - - 4 

By ditto for Wood, Can- 
dles, i;c. 
By ditto for an Iron Cheft 
for the Ufe of the Pro- 



XI 3 

18 4 



viace. 



- 18 13 4 
/•31 10 7 



Charles Pettit, Efq. in Account with the Province of New-Jersey. 



Dr. 



Cr. 

By Ca(h advanced and Ser- 
vices performed by him 
fince the kft Seffion of 
AiTembly per his Ac- 
count delivered in, a- 
mounting to - £.2Z 19 4f 



James Kinsey, Efq. in Account with the Province of New-Jersey. 
Dr. Cr. 

By Ca(h paid for Poftage of 



fundry Letters received 
from the Agent, - £.1 



Henry Wilmot, Efq. late Agent to the Province of New-Jersey. 



Dr. 

To Cafh received by Cortland Skin- 
ner of Samuel Smith, Efq. per 
his Order and Receipt with Mr. 
Smith, ... £, joo o o 

Balance due from the Province to Mr. 

Wilmot, - - - - 68 5 5i 



£• 368 s s¥ 



Cr. 



By three Years and fix Months 
Salary as Agent for the Pro- 
vince of iV(?au-yfr/"^_), . - /. 350 o o 

Cafh paid for Poftage of Letters, 
Chriftmas Boxes at the Board 
of Trade, ijc. amounting to 
£.\o 8 10 Sterling, each at 
75 per Cent is Currency - 18 c ri: 

£• 368 s si 



WE, the Committee appointed to examine the Publick Accounts, do 
report them as above ftated and adjufted. 

Thomas P. Hewlings, 
Amboy^ Feb. 9, 1775. Anthony Sykes, 

John Demarest. 

The Engrofled Bill, entitled, Afupplementary Adl to an Aci, entitled. 
An Adl for the Relief of Infolvent Debtors, was read and compared ; 
on the Queftion, Whether the fame do pafs or not ? It was carried 
in the Affirmative, as follows : 

O Yeas. 



54 VOTES, &.C. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



Yeas. 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. Mchclm, 
Mr. Shcppard^ 
Mr. Elmer^ 
Mr. Pettit. 



Nays. 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Taylor, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. iioj, 
Mr. Dry, 



Nays. 
Mr. Detiiarejiy 
Mr. jForJ, 
Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. H^Kd', 
Mr. Eldridge. 



Yeas. 
Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. iv/i!)^r, 
]\Ir. M7;/«'j, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Hewlings, 
Mr. Sjitfj, 

Refolded, 
That the faid Bill do pafs. 

That Mr. A'^//^/ and Mr. Tucker do carry the fame to the Council for 
Concurrence. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met, 

Yhe EngrolTed Bill, entitled, An Ad /or Support of Government of 
His Majefiy's Colony of New-Jerfey, to cojumence the firfl Day of Odober 
1774, and to end the firfl Day (?/ Odober 1775, and to difcharge the 
Publick Debts and Contingent Charges thereof was read and compared ; 
on the Queftion, 
Refolved, 
That the fame do pafs. 

Ordered, 
That the Speaker do Cgn the fame. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Ftper, Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Crane, Mr. Ford, Mr. La-w^ 
rence, Mr. Sbeppard and Mr. Hinchman, do carry the faid Bill to the 
Council for Concurrence. 

The Houfe adjourned for an Hour. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. Fi/her reported, that Mr. Wetherill, Mr. Crane, Mr. Ford, Mr. 

Lawrence, Mr. Sheppard, Mr. Hmchman and himfelf, delivered the Bill 

for Support of Government with them intrufled to the Speaker in Council. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Friday, February 10, 1775. 

The Houfe met, and adjourned till Three, P, M. 

The Houfe met. 

A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Stevens. 

Ordered, Council-Chamber, Feb. 10, 177/. 

THAT Mr. Stevens do acquaint the Houfe of Affembly that the 
Bill, entitled, A fupplementary Ad to an A^l, entitled. An hdifor 

the 



i5?i&G, III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, £/y. Governor. sS 

the Relief of Infolvent Debtors, is palTed the Council without any 
Amendment. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTI T, D. Clerk. 
A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Coxe. 

Ordered^ Council-Chamber, Feb. lo, 177^. 

''TpH AT Mr. Coxe do acquaint the Houfe of AlTembly, that the Bill, 
-*' entitled. An A61 fr the Support of Go-v eminent of His Majefys Co- 
lony of New-Jerfey, is palFed in Council without any Amendaient. 

By Order of the Hotfe, 

CHA. P E T T I T, Z). Clerk. 

The Houfe being informed that Dr. James Murdoch did this Day 
fend a Challenge to one of the Members of this Ploufe, which was de- 
livered in the Houft, and an Anfvver infolently demanded ; the Houfe 
taking the fame into Confideration, 
Refolded unanimoifly ^ 

That the Challenging a Member of this Houfe is a Contempt and 
Breach of the Privileges of this Houfe ; 
Ordered therefore. 

That Mr. Speaker do ifTue his Warrant to the Sergeant at Arms im- 
mediately to take the faid Dr. James Murdoch, and bring him to the 
Bar of the Houfe for the Contempt aforefaid. 

The Sergeant at Arms attended with Dr. James Murdoch at the Bar 
of the Houfe, who being there examined confefTed his fending a Challenge 
to a Member of this Houfe ; that he knew the Gentleman to be a A'lem- 
ber of the Houfe, but did not apprehend it an Infult to the Houfe, and 
was extremely forry for it, and declared his Sorrow for writing the 
faid Letter and his Ignorance of the Confequences, and hoped the Fa- 
vour of the Houfe ; 

Whereupon the Sergeant at Arms being ordered to withdraw with 
his Prifoner : The Houfe took the Matter into Confideration, and the 
Member injured moving that the faid Dr. Murdoch's Acknowledgments 
might be accepted by the Houfe ; after fonie Debate, 
Ordered^ 

That the faid Dr. James Murdoch do humbly afli Pardon of this 
Houfe in general, and the Member in particular; that he be thereupon 
reprimanded by the Speaker, and that he then be difcharged on Pay- 
ment of his Fees : 

Whereupon the faid Dr. Murdoch did humbly afls Pardon of the 
Houfe, and the Member in particular ; and being reprimanded by the 
Speaker, 

Ordered^ 

That he be difcharged on Payment of his Fees. 

The Houfe adjourned till To-morrow Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Saturday, 



56 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



Saturday, February 11, 1775. 

The Houfe met. 
A Meflage from the Council by Mr. Coxe. 

Ordered, Council-Chamber, Feb. 8, 177^-, 

THAT Mr. Coxe do acquaint the Houfe of Affembly that the Bill, 
entitled, An Acl to confirm and eJlabUJh a Road laid out by Virtue of 
an A^, entitled, An hOifor laying out and eflabUJlnng a Road from Ber- 
gen Point, &c. is paffed in Council without any Amendment. 

By Order of the Houfe, 

CHA. PETTIT, D. Clerk. 

Mr. Wetherill, from the Committee appointed to prepare the Draught 
of a Petition to His Majefty, brought in a Draught, which by Order 
of the Houfe was read, and ordered a fecond Reading. 

The Houfe adjourned till Two, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

A MefTage from His Excellency by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

Mr. Speaker, 

HI S Excellency is in the Council-Chamber, and requires the im- 
mediate Attendance of the Houfe : 
Whereupon Mr. Speaker left the Chair, and with the Houfe went to 
wait upon His Excellency, who was pleafed to give his Affent to the 
following Bills, Enacling the fame, 'viz. 

1 . An h€i.for Support of Government of His Majefly s Colony of New-Jer- 
fey, to co77imence the firfi Day of Odober 1774, and to end the firfi Day of 
October 1775, ^""^ ^^ difcharge the Pnblick Debts and Contingent Charges 

thereof. ... 

2. An A61 to ereB and eflablifh Courts in the fever al Counties in this 
Colony, for the Trial of fmall Caufes, and to repeal the former AB for that 

Purpofe. 

3. An Atifor the Prefervation of Oyflers in the Colony of New-Jerfey. 

4. An h€tfor raifing the Sum ofOn^ Hiindred and Twenty-two Pounds 
Fourteen Shillings and Three-pence, Proclamation Money, on the Inha- 
bitants of the Counties of Middlefex and Somerfet, for repaying the Ma- 
nao-ers of the Landing Bridge the Money they have advanced for com- 
pleting thefaid Bridge. 

5. An h€t for raifing the Sum of Three Hundred and Fifty-feven Pounds 
Fourteen Shillings and Eleven- pence. Proclamation Money, on the Inha- 
bitants of the County of Somerfet, for repaying certain Perfons therein 
named the Money they have advanced in rebuilding Queens Bridge. 

6. An Adl to affefs the To%unf}np of Amwell, in order to retmburfe ]o- 
feph Moore /or repairing a Bridge infaid To-junJJjip. 

7. An 



iSth G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 57 

7. An A61 to enable the Oivnen and Poffejfors of the Meadoivs and 
Sivamps lying on Ramboe'j Rtin in the To-wnjljip o/Deptford, in the Coun- 
ty o/'Gloucefter, to keep up and maintain the Bank, Dam and other Wa- 
ternxtorks necejfary to keep the Tide from overfloiving the fame^ and to keep 
the Watercourfe open and clear. 

8. An K€x to confirm and eflahliJJj a Road laid out by Virtue of an Act, 
entitled. An Ail for laying out and eftablifliing a Road from Bergen 
Point along up Newark Bay, and from thence to Paulus-Hook on Hud- 
fons River, 

The Draught of the Petition to His Majefty was read the fecond 
Time; 

Ordered, 

That the fame be committed to a Committee of the yhole Houfe: 

Whereupon the Houfe accordingly refolved itfelf into a Committee of 
the whole Houfe on the Petition to His Majefty ; and, after fome Time 
fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. Fifljer, Chair- 
man of the Committee, reported, that the Committee had made fome 
Progrefs in the Matters to them referred, and defired Leave to fit again ; 
to which the Houfe agreed. 

Mr. Sheppard had Leave of Abfence on a particular Occafion. 

The Houfe adjourned till Monday Morning Nine o'Clock. 

Monday, February 13, 1775- 

The Houfe met. 

A Petition was prefented to the Houfe from Jafper Smith, Efq. of the 
County of Hunterdon, fetting forth, that his Negro Wench has been 
lately ravifhed by fome white Perfons, and praying a Law to enable 
Negroes in the like Cafes to give Evidence ; on the Queftion, 
Ordered, 

That the laid Petition do lie on the Table. 

The Houfe taking into Confideration the State of the Debt due to 
this Colony from Lord Stirling ; and it appearing that Mrs. Mary Ver- 
plank hath a Mortgage upon the fame Lands prior to that given to the 
late Treafurer ; 
Ordered, 

That Mr. FiJJjer, Mr. Crane and Mr. Laivrence, or any two of them, 
do wait on Lord Stirlmg, and endeavour to procure Security for the 
Debt due to the Colony. 

The Houfe again, according to Order, refolved itfelf into a Com- 
mittee of the whole Houfe on the Petition to His Majefty ; and, after 
fome Time fpent therein, Mr. Speaker refumed the Chair, and Mr. 
Fi/fjer, Chairman of the Committee, reported, that the Committee have 
gone through the faid Petition, and made feveral Amendments thereto, 
which he was ready to report whenever the Hotife would pleafe to re- 
ceive the fame. 

P Ordered, 



58 VOTES, &CC. of the Ge^ekal Assembly 0/" New-Jersey. 



Ordered, 
That the Report be made immediately: 

Whereupon Mr, FiJJjer reported the faid Petition and Amendments, 
which being read, and agreed to by the Houfe ; on the Queftion, 

Ordered, 
That the fame be engroffed. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Mr. FiJJjer and Mr. Lawrence reported, that they had waited on 
Lord Stirling, purfuant to the Order of the Houfe, who informed them 
that he could not give the Province other Security, unlefs a General Mort- 
gage, but that in four or five Months the Matter ihould be fettled. 

Mr. Fif/jer, from the Committee appointed for that Purpofe, brought 
in a Bill, entitled, An A6t fiiore effe^iually tofupprefs Immorality, which 
was read ; 

, Ordered, 

That the fame be referred to the next Seffion of AlFembly. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. FiJIier and Mr. Eldridge do go to the Council, and inquire 
■whether they have any Bufinefs before them ; if not, that this Houfe 
propofes to apply to His Excellency for a Difmiflion ; 

Mr. FiJJjer reported, that Mr. Eldridge and himfelf went to the Coun- 
cil according to Order, who faid they had no Bufinefs before them. 

A Meflage from the Council by Mr. D. Secretary Pettit. 

Mr. Speaker, 

HI S Excellency is in the Council-Chamber, and requires the At- 
tendance of the Houfe : 
Whereupon Mr. Speaker left the Chair, and with the Houfe went 
to wait upon His Excellency, who was pleafed to give his Affent 
to the Bill, entitled, Afupplementary Adl to an Ad, entitled, An A€t/or 
the Relief of Infolvent Debtors. 

The Houfe adjourned for an Hour. 

The Houfe met. 

The Engroffed Petition to His Majefly was read and compared, and 
is as follows : 

To THE king's Most Excellent Majesty. 

Mqft gracious Sovereign, 

WE, your Majefly's mofl dutiful and loyal Subjects, theReprefen- 
tatives of the Colony of Neiv-Je/fey, in General Aflembly con- 
vened, beg Leave to approach your Royal Prefence to exprefs our un- 
feigned Attachment to your Majefly's Perfon, Family and Government, 

and 



■i5'//&G.Iir. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, ^^r. Governor. 59 



and to return you our moft humble Thanks for your gracious Afllirance 
fignified to us by our Governor, That '* the Reprefcntations or Propo- 
" fitions of your Colonies will be attended to." 

Firmly perfuaded of your Majefty's Solicitude for the Happinefs of 
your Subjects in the remoteft Parts of your Dominions — from the 
above gracious Affurance — we cannot but encourage ourfelves in the 
Profped of your Royal Interpofition for our Relief from the Grievances 
under which your Amerkaji Subjeds have been fo long labouring. 

"We do with the greateft Sincerity affure your Majefty, that our Com- 
plaints do not arife from a Want of Loyalty to your Royal Perfon, or 
a Difpofition to withdraw ourfelves from a conftitutional Dependance 
on the BritiJJj Crown ; but from well grounded Apprehenfions that 
our Rights and Liberties are intimately affeded by the late Meafures, 
in their Confequences pernicious to the Welfare and Happinefs both of 
Great-Britam and your Majefty's Colonies. The Grievances of which 
we complain are, 

A (landing Army has been kept in thefe Colonies, ever fince the Con- 
clufion of the late War, without the Confent of our AfTemblies • and 
this Army, with a confiderable naval Armament, has been employed to 
enforce the Colledion of Taxes. 

The Authority of the Commander in Chief, and, under him, of the 
Brigadiers General, has, in Time of Peace, been rendered fupreme in 
all the civil Governments in Avierica, 

The Commander in Chief of all your Majefty's Forces in North- 
America^ has, in Time of Peace, been appointed Governor of a Colony. 

The Charges of ufual Offices have been greatly increafed, and new 
expenfive and oppreffive Offices have been multiplied. 

The Judges of Admiralty and Vice-Admiralty Courts are impowered 
to receive their Salaries and Fees from the Effeds condemned by them- 
felves. 

The Officers of the Cuftoms are impowered to break open and enter 
Houfes without the Authority of any Civil Magiftrate founded on legal 
Information. 

The Judges of Courts of Common Law have been made entirely 
dependant on one Part of the Legillature for their Salaries, as well as 
for the Duration of their Commiffions. 

Counfellors, holding their Commiffions during Pleafure, exercife 
Legiflative Authority. 

The Agents of the People have been difcountenanced, and Governors 
have been inftruded to prevent the Payment of their Salaries. 

AlTemblies have been frequently and injurioufly dilfolved, and Com- 
merce burdened with many ufelefs and oppreffive Reftridions. 

By feveral Ads of Parliament made in the fourth, fifth, fixth, 
feventh and eighth Years of your Majefty's Reign, Duties are impofed 
on us for the Purpofe of railing a Revenue, and the Powers of Admi- 
ralty and Vice-Admiralty Courts are extended beyond their ancient 
Limits, whereby our Property is taken from us without our Conient ; 
the Trial by Jury, in many Civil Cafes, is aboliffied ; enormous For- 
feitures are incurred for flight Offences j vexatious Informers are ex- 
empted 



6o VOTES, &:c. of the Gei^ekal Assembly of New-Jersey. 



empted from paying Damages to which they are juftly hable, and 
oppreffive Security is required from Owners before they are allowed to 
defend their Rights. 

Both Houfes of Parliament have refolved, That the Colonifts may- 
be tried in England for Offences alledged to have been committed in 
America, by Virtue of a Statute pafled in the Thirty-fifth Year of 
Bairy the Eighth ; and, in Confequence thereof, Attempts have been 
made to enforce that Statute. 

A Statute was palled in the Twelfth Year of Your Majefly's Reign, 
directing that Perfons charged with committing any Otfence therein 
defcribed, in any Place out of the Realm, may be indicled and tried 
for the lam.e in any Shire or County within the Realm, whereby Inha- 
bitants of thefe Colonies may, in fundry Cafes by that Statute made 
cauital, be deprived of a Trial by their Peers of the Vicinage. 

In thelaft Seilion of Parliament, an A61 was pafled for blocking up 
the Harbour of Bofon ; another impowering the Governor of the 
Maffachafetts-Bay to fend Perfons indided for Murder in that Pro- 
vince to another Colony, or even to Great-Britain for Trial, whereby 
fuch Offenders may eicape legal Punifliment ; a third, for altering the 
Chartered Conftitution of Government in that Province ; and a fourth, 
for extending the Limits of ^lebec, abolifhing the Engliffj and re- 
llorino- the FrcncJj Laws,- whereby great Numbers of Britiflj Free- 
men are fubjed to the latter, and eftablifliing an abfolute Govern- 
ment and the Roman Catholick Religion throughout thofe vafl Regi- 
ons that border on the Wefterly and Northerly Boundaries of the free 
Proteftant EnglifJj Settlements ; and a fifth, for the better providing 
fuitable Quarters for Officers and Soldiers in His Majefty's Service in 
North-America. 

To a Sovereign, who " glories in the Name of Briton" the bare 
recital of thefe Ads mud, we prefume, juftify the loyal Subjeds who 
fly to the Foot of his Throne, and implore his Clemency for Protedion 
againft them. 

Althougii all the Grievances above enumerated do not immediately 
afi^ecf the People of this Colony, yet as, in their Confequences, they 
will be deeply involved, we cannot remain filent and unconcerned. 

Should our Properties be liable to the Difpofal of thofe of our 
Fellow-Subjeds, in whofe Eledion we have no Voice, we conceive it 
evident that we have no Property but at their AVill and Pleafure. 

And ihould we be carried for Trial to Places where it is impofllble 
for the Accufed to compel the Appearance of his WitneiTes, Innocence 
will be no Security from Punifliment, 

Nor is the Jurildidion lately given to the Courts of Admiralty, which 
deprive your Majefly's American Subjeds of Trial by Juries of the 
Vicinage, lefs repugnant to the Fundamental Principles of the Common 

Law. 

All which neceffarily tend to reduce us to a State of Servitude, from 
which our Affedion for the EnglifJi Conftitution, and Duty to ourfelves 
and our Pofterity, loudly call upon us to avert by all lawful Means ii^ 

our Power. 

The 



i^/y^/G. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Z/^. Governor. 6i 



The Colony of Neiv-Jerfey, during the late glorious War, though 
not immediately afFecled, becaufe furrounded by your Majefty's other 
more extenfive and opulent Colonies, complied with every Royal Ile- 
quiiition for Aid, and cheerfully exerted itfelf at a very confiderable 
Expence, whereby it incurred a heavy Debt, under a great Part of which 
it at prefent labours. 

And as this Colony hath always, according to its Ability, cordially 
defrayed the Charge of theAdminiftration of Juftice, and the Support of 
the Civil Government ; your Majefty may be aflured, that it will ever 
be ready, not only to defray the fame Charge, but alfo to contribute, 
when conflitutionally required, to every reafonable and neceflary Expence 
for the Defence, Protedtion and Security of the whole Brit ijlj Empire. 

We do folemnly and with great Truth alTure your Majefty, that we 
have no Thoughts injurious to the Allegiance which, as Subjects, we 
owe to you as our Sovereign — that we abhor the Idea of fetting our- 
felves up in a State of Independency — and that we know of no fuch 
Defign in others. 

We therefore moft earneftly befeech your Majefty to interpofe your 
Royal Authority for the Redrefs of the above Grievances, and to 
vouchfafe us a gracious Anfwer to this our humble Petition. 

That the Omnipotent Being, " by whom Kings Reign and Princes de- 
cree Juftice," and who hath placed your Majefty on the Throne of your 
Anceftors, to which they Vv'ere called by the Suffrage of a free People to 
protect them againft Popery and arbitrary Power, may blefs you with 
every Felicity both Temporal and Eternal — and that the Colonies may 
vie with the moft faithful of your Subjedls in every dutiful and loyal 
Attachment to your Royal Perfon, Family and Government — is and 
always will be the fincere and fervent Prayer of your Majefty's loyal 
and dutiful Subjects, the Reprefentatives of the Colony of Neiv-Jerfey, 



House 

feb. 



I OF Assembly, "? 
• i3> 1775- 3 



On the Queftion, Whether the Speaker do fign the fame ? It pafTed 
in the Affirmative, as follows : 



Yeas. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. Tayhr, 
Mr. Lawrence, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fiper, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dcy, 
Mr. Demareji, 
Mr. Yard, 
Mr. Winds, 
Mr. 8ykes, 
Mr. Hinchman, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Hand, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tinker, 
Mr. Mchclnt, 
Mr. Elmer, 
Mr. Pettit, 



Nays. 

Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Hc-jjlings. 



Ordered, 
That the Speaker do fign the fame. 

Mr. Speaker diCTenting from the Petition to the 
Favour, that his Diflent might be entered in the Jo 
and, on the Queftion, Whether the fame be entere 
as follows : 




, requefted as a 

Is of the .Houfe ; 

not ? It paiTed 

' Yeas. 



6z VOTES, 8cc. of the General Assembly of New-Jersey. 



Yeas. 
Mr. Laivrcnce, 
Mr. Garritfe, 
Mr. Fijher, 
Mr. Roy, 
Mr. Dey, 
Mr. Demare/}, 



Yeas. 

Mr. Ford, 
Mr. Kinfey, 
Mr. Hew!i?}gs, 
Mr. Mebslm, 
Mr. Pf/?//. 



Nays. 

Mr. Combs, 
Mr. Wetherill, 
Mr. -Trtyor, 
Mr. Crane, 
Mr. m«^j, 
Mr. Sj^fj, 



Nays. 

Mr. Hinchman, 
Mr. ftzw^, 
Mr. Eldridge, 
Mr. Tucker, 
Mr. jB/wfr. 



The Votes being equal Mr. Speaker gave his Voice in the Affir- 
mative ; 

Ordered, 
That the fame be entered accordingly. 

Ordered, 
That the Committee of Correfpondence do tranfmit the faid Petition 
to the Agent, by the firft Opportunity. 

Mr. D. Secretary Pettit then, by Writ, prorogued the Houfe to 
Tuefday the Fourteenth Day of March next, then to meet at Burlington. 



BY Virtue of an O r d e r of the HOUSE of 
REPRESENTATIVES, I do appoint IJaac 
Collins to print thefe Votes. 

CORTLAND SKINNER, Speaker. 




^^X/ 



l^ 



VOTES 



AND 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



GENERAL ASSEMBLY 



OF THE 



Colony of NEW-JERSEY. 



At a sitting began at BURLINGTON, Mjcji^day, May i c 
i77j» and continued until the 20^ Day of the same 
Month. 

Being the First Sitting of the Fourth Session of the 
Twenty-second Assembly of NEW-JERSEY. 




BURLINGTON: 

Printed by ISAAC COLLINS, Printer to the King, for 
THE Province of New-Jersey, M.dcc.lxxv. 



I 



1 



m 



c^ 



Votes^ &c. of the General 




NAMES OF THE 



REPRESENTATIVES. 



CITY of Perth-Amboy, 
Middle/ex, 

Monmouth, 

Effex, 

Somerfet, 

Bergen, 

Morris, 
City of Burlington, 
County of Burlington, 

Gloucejler, 

Salem, 

Cape-May, 

Hunterdon, 

Cu?nberland, 

Sujex, 



Cortland Skinner, Speaker, 
John Wetherill, 
Edward Taylor, 
Stephen Crane, 
Hendrick Fiflier, 
Theunis Dey, 
Jacob Ford, 
James Kinfey, 
Henry Paxfon, 
John Hinchman, 
Grant Gibbon, 
Jonathan Hand, 
Samuel Tucker, 
John Sheppard, 
Nathaniel Pettit, 



John Combs, 
Azariah Dunham, 
Richard Lawrence, 
Henry Garritfe, 
John Roy, 
John Demarefl, 
William Winds, 
Thomas P. Hewlings, 
Anthony Sykes, 
Robert F. Price, 
Benjamin Holme, 
Eli Eldridge, 
John Mehelm, 
Theophilus Elmer, 
Jofeph Barton. 



BURLINGTON, Monday, May 15, 1775. 



PURSUANT to His Excellency's feveral Prorogations of the Ge- 
neral AfTembly from Time to Time till this Day, the Houfe met. 

Azariah Dunham, Efq. being duly returned a Reprefentative to ferve 
in the General Affembly for the County of Middle/ex, and now attend- 
ing, was admitted into the Houfe, and took the ufual Oaths and made 
and fubfcribed the Declaration by Law appointed, before Cortland 
Skinner, Efq. thereto authorized by Dedimus Potejlatem. 
Ordered, 

That Mr. Dunham do take his Seat in the Houfe. 

The Houfe being informed that David Overton, Doorkeeper to the 
Houfe, is indifpofed and unable to attend, 
Rejol'ved, 
That Richard Long be and he is hereby appointed Doorkeeper of this 
Houfe in the Room of the faid David Overton. 

Thomas 



4 VOTES, &c. of the General Assembly 0/ New-Jersey. 

Thomas Wetherill, Sergeant at Arms to this Houfe, having refigned 
his faid Place, 
Refolved, 

That Levi Murrel be and he is hereby appointed Sergeant at Arms 
to the Houfe in the Stead of the faid Thomas Wetherill. 

The Houfe adjourned till Three, P. M. 

The Houfe met. 

Ordered, 
That Mr. Fi/Jjer and Mr. Wetherill do wait upon His Excellency and 
acquaint him, that a fufficient Number of Members to conftitute a 
Houfe are met and are ready to receive any Thing he may pleafe to lay 
before them. 

Mr. Speaker laid before the Houfe a Letter to him from William Bollen, 
Benjamin Franklin and Arthur Lee^ Efquires, dated London^ December 
24, 1774; which was read. 

Mr. Speaker alfo laid before the Houfe a Letter to him from the Ho- 
nourable "John Criiger, Efquire, Speaker of the Houfe of Reprefenta- 
tives of the Province of Neiv-Tork, inclofing their Petition to the King, 
the Memorial to the Houfe of Lords, and a Reprefentation to the Houfe 
of Commons, a Lift of Grievances, and the Refolutions entered into by 
the General AlFembly there on the 8th of March laft j all which were 
read. 

Mr. Fijher reported, that Mr. Wetherill and himfelf waited upon 
His Excellency with the Meflage of the Houfe according to Order, and 
that His Excellency was plealed to fay, the Houfe £hould hear from 
him To-morrow Morning. 

The Houfe adjourned till Nine o'Clock To-morrow Morning. 

Tuejday^ May 16, 1775. 

The Houfe met, and adjourned till Three, P. M. 
The Houfe met. 
A Meflage from His Excellency by Mr. Deputy-Secretary Pettit, 

Mr. Speaker, 

HI S Excellency is in the Council-Chamber and requires the im- 
mediate Attendance of the Houfe. 
Whereupon Mr, Speaker left the Chair, and with the Houfe went to 
wait upon His Excellency ; and being returned, Mr. Speaker refumed 
the Chair, and reported, that the Houfe had waited on His Excellency, 
who was pleafed to make a Speech to the Council and Houfe of AiTem- 
bly, of which Mr. Speaker faid he had, to prevent Miftakes, obtained 
a Copy ; and the fame by Order of the Houfe was read, and is as 
follows, viz. 

Centlemetiy 



I5//jG. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, EJij. Governor. 



Gentlemen of the Council, and Gentlemen of the AJfembly, 

TH E fole Occafion of my calling you together at this Time is to 
lay before you a Refolution ot the Houfe of Commons, wifely 
and humanely calculated to open a Door for the Reftoration of that Har- 
mony between Great-Britain and her Atnerican Colonies on which their 
mutual Welfare and Happinefs fo greatly depend. 

This Refolution having already appeared in the publick Papers, and 
a great Variety of Interpretations put upon it, moftly according to 
the different Views and Difpofitions by which Men are actuated, and 
fcarcely any having feen it in it's proper Light, I think I cannot, at 
this critical Juncture, better anfwer the gracious Purpofes of His Ma- 
jefty, nor do my Country more eflential Service, than to lay before you 
as full an Explanation of the Occafion, Purport, and Intent of it as is in 
my Power. By this Means you, and the good People you reprefent, 
will be enabled to judge for yourfelves how far you ought or ought not 
to acquiefce with the Plan it contains, and what Steps it will be prudent 
for you to take on this very important Occafion. 

You will fee in the King's Anfwer to the joint Addrefs of both Houfes 
of Parliament on the 7th of February, how much Attention' His Maje- 
fly was gracioufly pleafed to give to the AflTurance held out in that Ad- 
drefs, of the Readinefs of Parliament to afford every juft and reafon- 
able Indulgence to the Colonies, whenever they fhould make a proper 
Application on the Ground of any real Grievance they might have to 
complain of. This Addrefs was accordingly foon after followed by the 
Refolution of the Houfe of Commons now laid before you, A Circum- 
flance which afforded His Majefty great Satisfaction as it gave Room 
to hope for a happy Effect, and would, at all Events, ever remain an 
Evidence of their Juflice and Moderation, and manifeft the Temper 
which has accompanied their Deliberations upon that Queflion which 
has been the Source of fo much Difquiet to the King's Subjedls in 
America. 

His Majefty, ardently wifhing to fee a Reconciliation of the unhappy 
Differences by every Means thro' which it may be obtained, without 
Prejudice to the jufl Authority of Parliament, which His Majefty will 
never fuffer to be violated, has approved the Refolution of his faithful 
Commons, and has commanded it to be tranfmitted to the Governors 
of his Colonies, not doiibting that this happy Difpofition, to comply 
with every juft and reafonable Wifli of the King's Subjecfls in America^ 
w'ill meet with fuch a Return of Duty and Affedion on their Part, as 
■wall lead to a happy Iffue of the prefent Difpute, and to a Re-eftablifli- 
merit of the publick Tranquility on thofe Grounds of Equity, Juftice 
and Moderation which this Refolution holds forth. 

What has given the King the greater Satisfadlion in this Refolution, 
and the greater Confidence in the good EffecSts of it, is his having feen 
that, amidft all the Intemperance into which a People, jealous of their 
Liberties, have been unfortunately mifled, they have neverthelefs avow- 
ed the Jiijiice, the Equity, and the Propriety of Subjedls of the fame 
State contributing, according to their Abilities and Situation^ to thepub- 

B lick 



6 VOTES, &C. of the General Assembly o/" New-Jersey. 



lick Burdens, and this Refolution it is thought holds no Propofition be- 
yond that. 

It would probably be deemed unjuft to fuppofe that any of the King's 
Subjects in the Colonies can have fo far forgot the Benefits they have 
received from the Parent State as not to acknowledge that it is to her 
Support, held forth at the Expence of her Blood and Treafure, that they 
principally owe that Security which hath raifed them to their prefent 
State of Opulence and Importance, In this Situation, therefore, Juftice 
requires that they fhould, in Return, contribute according to their refpec- 
tive Abilities to the Cof/mioti Defence ; -and their own Welfare andlnterefl: 
demand that their Civil EJlabliJIjjuent fliould be fupported with a be- 
coming Dignity. • 

It has been the Care, and it is the firm Determination of Parliament, 
to fee that both thefe Ends are anfwered, and their Wifdom and Mo- 
deration have fuggefted the Propriety of leaving to each Colony to judge 
of the fVays and Means of making due Provifion for thefe Purpofes, re- 
ferving to themfelves a difcretionary Power of approving or difapprov- 
ing what fhall be ofi^ered. 

The Refolution neither points out what the Civil EJlahliJJmient fhould 
be, nor demands znyfpecific Siim.'m Aid of the publick Burdens. In both 
thefe Refpedls it leaves full Scope for that Juftice and Liberality which 
may be expedled from Colonies, that, under all their Prejudices, have 
never been wanting in Expreffions of an affedlionate Attachment to 
the Mother Country, and a zealous Regard for the general Welfare of 
the BritiJ/j Empire, and therefore the King trufts that the Provifion they 
will engage to make for the Support of Civil Government will be ade- 
quate to the Rank and Station of every neceffary Officer, and that the 
Sum to be given in Contribution to the Common Defence will be offered 
on fuch Terms, and propofed in fuch a Way, as to increafe or dhninijh 
according as the publick Burdens of Great-Britain are from Time to 
Time augmented or reduced, in fo far as thofe Burdens confift of Taxes 
and Duties which are not a Security for the National Debt. 

By fuch a Mode of Contribution the Colonies will have full Security ^ 

that they can never be required to tax themfelves without Parliament's 
taxing the Subjedls in Great-Britain in a far greater Proportion, and it 
may be relied upon that any Propofition of this Nature made by any 
. of the Colonies, and accompanied with fuch a State of their Faculties 
and Ability as may evince the Equity of the Propofal, will be receiv- 
ed with every poffible Indulgence ; provided it be at the fame Time 
unaccompanied with any Declarations, and unmixed with any Claims 
which will make it impoflible for the King, confiftently with his own 
Dignity, or for Parliament, confiftently with their Conftitutional Rights, 
to receive it. But it is not fuppofed that any of the Colonies will, af- 
ter this Example of the Temper and Moderation of Parliament, adopt 
fuch a Condu<5l ; on the contrary, the pleafing Hope is cherifhed that 
the publick Peace will be reftored, and that the Colonies will enter 
into the Confideration of the Refolution of the Houfe of Commons with 
that Calmnefs and Deliberation which the Importance of it demands, 
and with that Good-will and Inclination to a Reconciliation which are 

due 



iSthG. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 



due to the Candour and Juflice with which Parliament has taken up 
this Bufinefs and at once declared to the Colonies what will be ultimate- 
ly expe(5led from them. 

It has been already obferved, that the King entirely approves the Re- 
folution of the Houfe of Commons, and I have His Majefty's Com- 
mands to fay, that a Compliance therewith by the General AfTembly of 
Keiu-Jer/ey will be moft gracioufly confidered by His Majefty, not on- 
ly as a Teftimony of their Reverence for Parliament, but alfo'as a Mark 
of their Duty and Attachment to their Sovereign, who has no Objedl 
nearer to his Heart than the Peace and Profperity of his Subjeds in 
every Part of his Dominions. At the fame Time, I muft tell you. His 
Majefty conliders himfelf as bound by every Tie to exert thofe Means 
tlie Conftitution has placed in his Hands, for preferving that Conftitu- 
tion entire, and to relift with Firmnefs every Attempt to violate the 
Rights of Parliament, to diftrefs and obftrucl the lawful Commerce of 
his Subjeds, or to encourage in the Colonies Ideas of Independence 
inconfiftent with their Connexion with Great-Britain. 

Here, Gentlemen, you have a full and candid State of the Difpofition 
and Expectations of His Majefty and the Parliament. They require 
nothing of America but what the Colonies have repeatedly profefled 
themfelves ready and willing to perform. A late Aflembly of this Pro- 
vince in their Petition to the King in 1766 exprefs themfelves thus, 
*' As no Danger can approach Britain, without giving us the moft fen- 
*' fible Alarm ; fo your Majefty may be aflured, that with filial Duty 
" we fhall ever be ready to afford all the AfTiftance in our Power, and 
" ftand or fall with that Kingdom, from which we boaft our Defcent, 
•' and to which we are attached by the ftrongeft Ties of Duty, Grati- 
" tude and Affedion." And, in a fubfequent Petition, they fay, " Very 
" far it is from our Intentions to deny our Subordination to that auguft 
•' Body [the Parliament] or our Dependance on the Kingdom of 
" Great-Britain : In thefe Connexions, and in the Settlement of our 
" Liberties, under the aufpicious Influence of your Royal Houfe, we 
" know our Happinefs confifts ; and therefore to confirm thofe Con- 
" nexions, and to ftrengthen this Settlement, is at once our Intereft, 
" Duty and Delight." 

Similar Declarations have been repeatedly made in other Colonies. 
The following Vote was paffed in the Aflembly of Pennfyhania ma- 
ny Years ago, to luit, " The Houfe taking into Confideration the many 
" Taxes their Fellow Subjeds in Great-Britain are obliged to pay to- 
«' wards fupporting the Dignity of the Crown, and defraying the ne- 
" cejfary and Contingent Charges of Government, and ivilling to demon- 
" ftrate the Fidelity, Loyalty and Affedion of the Inhabitants of this 
" Province to our gracious Sovereign, by bearing a Share of the Burden 
" of our Felloiv Subjeds, proportionable to our Circumjiances, do, there- 
" fore, cheerfully and unanimoufly refolve, That Three Thoufand 
" Pounds be paid for the Ufe of the King, his Heirs and Succeffors, to 
•' be applied to fuch Ufes as he, in his Royal Wifdom, fliall think fit 
" to dired and appoint." And the faid 3000 Pounds was afterwards 
paid into His Majefty's Exchequer by the Agent of the Province accord- 
ingly. Nor 



8 VOTES, &c, 0/ //jf General Assembly a/ New-Jersey. 



Nor can I avoid mentioning what was done in the Convention of 
Committees from every County in Pennfyhania, who met in July laft 
for the exprels Purpofe of giving Inftruftions to their Reprefentatives 
in Affembly on this very Subje(fi:. Several of thefe Inftrudions mani- 
feft luch a Candour and Liberality of Sentiment, fuch juft Ideas of the 
Importance of our Connexion with Great-Britain, and point out fo 
rational a Method to be piirfued for obtaining Redrefs for the fup- 
pofed Grievances (previous to any Attempts to diflrefs the Trade of 
that Kingdom) that it is greatly to be regretted that the Condu(5l of 
America, in a Matter of fuch vaft Importance to its future Welfare, 
had not been regulated by the Principles and Advice they fuggefted. 
In thofe Inftru(5lions, fpeaking of the Powers Parliament had claimed 
and lately exercifed, the Convention fay, " We are thoroughly con- 
" vinced they will prove unfailing and plentiful Sources of DilTen- 
*' tions to our Mother Country and thefe Colonies, ^^x)^Q.k fonie Expe- 
" dients can be adopted to render her feciire of receiving from us every 
" Emolument that can in Juftice and Reafon be expedled, and us fecure 
" in our Lives, Properties, and an equitable Share of Commerce. 
*' Mournfully revolving in our Minds the Calamities, that, arifing 
" from thefe Dijfeutions, will mojl probably fall on us and our Children, 
" we will now lay before you the particular Points we requeft of you 
" to procure, if pofTible, to be finally decided ; and the Meafures that 
*' appear to us moji likely to produce fuch a defirable Period of our 
" DiftrefTes and Dangers." Then, after enumerating the particular 
Adls of Parliament which they confider as Grievances, and defire to 
have repealed, they add, " In cafe of obtaining thefe Terms, it is our 
" Opinion, that it will be reafonable for the Colonies to engage their 
" Obedience to the A(5ls of Parliament, commonly called the Ads of 
•' Navigation, and to every other Ad of Parliament declared to have 
" Force, at this Time, in thefe Colonies, other than thofe above-men- 
*' tioned, and to confirm fuch Statutes by Ads of the feveral AfTem- 
*' blies. It is alfo our Opinion, that taking Example from our Mother 
" Country in abolifliing the Courts of Wards and Liveries, Tenures in 
" Capite, and by Knight's Serziice and Pur'ueyance, it will be reafonable 
" for the Colonies, in cafe of obtaining the Terms before-mentioned 
" to fettle a certain annual Revenue on His Majefty, his Heirs and Suc- 
" ceflbrs, fnbjeSl to the Control of Parliament, and to fatisfy all Damages 
•' done to the Eajl-India Company. This our Idea of fettling a Re- 
•' venue, arifes from a Senfe of Diity to our Sovereign, and of Efleem 
" for our Mother Country. We knoiv and have felt the Benefits of a 
" fubordinate Connexion with her. We neither are ioflupid as to be ig- 
•' norant of them, nor fo Jinjufi as to deny them. We have alfo expe- 
" rienced the Pleafures of Gratittide and Love as well as Advantages 
" from that Connexion. The Impreflions are not yet erafed. We con- 
*' fider her Circumftances with tender Concern. We have not been want- 
" ing, when conftitutionally called upon, to affifl: her to the utmoft of 
•' our Abilities ; infomuch that Ihe has judged it reafonable to make us 
" Recompences for our over-ftrained Exertions : And we now think we 
*' ought to contribute more than we no to the Alleviation of her Bur- 

" dens. 



iSthG. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. 



" dens. Whatever may be faid of thefe Propofals on either Side of 
*' the Atlantic, this is not a Time either for Tmidity or Rajlwefs. We 
" perfedlly know that the great Caufe now agitated, is to be conducted 
" to a happy Conclufion, only by that well tempered Compofition of 
" Counfels, which Firmnefs, Prudence, Loyalty to our Sovereign, Re- 
*' fpedl to our Parent State, and AfFeclion to our Native Country, united. 
*' muft form," — " In cafe of War, or in any Emergency of Diftrefs, 
*' we fliall alfo be ready and willing to contribute all Aids within our 
" Power. And we Jolemnly declare, that on fuch Occafions, if njoe or 
" our Pqjlerity fhall refufe, neglect or decline thus to contribute, it will be 
" a mean and manifejl Violation of a plain Duty, and a weak and wicked 
*' Defertion of the true Interefts of this Province, which enjer have been 
" and mujl be bound up in the Profperity of our Mother Country. Our 
" Union, founded on mutual Covipacls and 7mitual Benefits, will be in- 
" difToluble, at leaft more firm than an Union perpetually difturbed by 
" difputed Rights and retorted Injuries," I could quote feveral more 
Paflages from thefe Inftructions which are expreflive of the fame 
honefl and generous Sentiments with Regard to Great-Britain, but I 
fhall only make one more Extradl, and that refpeding the Mode 
which they recommended to be purfued for the Redrefs of Grievances, 
viz. " But other Confiderations have Weight with us. We wifh every 
*' Mark of Refpedl to be paid to His Majefty's Adminiftration. We 
" have been taught from our Youth to entertain tender and brotherly 
" Affedllons for our Fellow Subjects at Home. The Interruption of 
" our Commerce muft greatly difirefs great Numbers of them. This 
" we earnefily deftre to avoid. We therefore reqtieft, that the Deputies 
** you lliall appoint may be inftructed to exert themfelves at the Con- 
*' grefs, to induce the Members of it to confent to make a full and 
*' precife State of Grievances, and a decent, yet firm Claim of Redrefs, 
*' and to WAIT the Event, before any other Step is taken. It 
" is our Opinion that perfons fhould be appointed and fent Home to 
*' prefent this State and Claim at the Court of Great-Britain." After 
mentioning their Confidence in the intended general Congrefs, and their 
Refolution to abide by their Determinations for the Sake of Unanimjity,- 
they declare that it is " with a flrong Hope and Trujl that they will 
•' wot draiv this Province into any Meafure judged by us, who muft be 
•' better acquainted with its State than Strangers, highly inexpedient. 
*' Of this Kind, we knoiv any other Stoppage of Trade, but of that with 
*' Great-Britain will be. Even this Step, we fhould be extremely afijliSled 
*' to fee taken by the Congrefs before the other Mode above pointed out 
" is tried." 

Happy would it have been at this Day, in all Probability, if fome 
fuch healing Meafures had been purfued. Some Plan of Union, or 
Propofal of " a mutual Compadl" for " mutual Benefit" was the grand 
Objeft which every honeft Man in the Colonies had at Heart. An im- 
perfedl one (if not too glaringly fo) was better than none, as it would, 
if it had anfwered no other Purpofe, have laid a Foundation for Nego- 
tiation and Treaty. It has been lately obferved in Parliament, " That 
*' it does not appear the Colonies were ferioufly inclined to come into 

C "any 



lo VOTES, 8cc. o/" z/?^ General Assembly (/New-Jersey. 



*' any reafonable Terms of Accommodation, as nobody was authorized 
" to make any Propofals to that EfFedt." 

However, it can be of little Avail now to animadvert on paft Tranf- 
adlions. Who has been moft in the right or mofl in the wrong can 
never be fatisfadlorily decided. Many Things will ever happen, in the 
Courfe of a long continued Difpute, which good Men of both Parties 
mud refled on with Pain, and wifh to have buried in Oblivion. In 
the prefent Situation of Affairs we fliould only look forward, and en- 
deavour to fall on fome Expedient that may avert the impending Dan- 
ger. To effedl this defirable Purpofe a Plan is now formed, and re- 
commended to you by His Majefty, containing Terms greatly corre- 
fponding with the avowed Sentiments of many of the Colonies, and 
which, I think, can only want to be rightly underftood in order to be 
generally adopted. It does not require from the People of this Country 
any formal Acknowledgment of the Right of Taxation in the Parlia- 
ment. It waves all Difpute on that Head, and fufpends the Exercife 
of it for ever, if fo long the Colonies fhall perform their Part of the 
Compadl. It does not even require, as a Preliminary, that the Non- 
Importation and Non-Exportation Agreements fliall be abolifhed. It 
comes before you in the old accuftomed Manner, by Way of Requi- 
fition, being approved and adopted by the King, who has diredled 
his feveral Governors to fignify to the refped:ive Affemblies his Defire 
that they fhould grant fuch Aids for the Common Defence, and the 
Support of Government within the Colonies, as fhall appear to them 
juft and equitable, and proportionate to their Abilities. His Majefty 
and the Parliament, 'tis true, are to judge whether the Aids which 
each Colony may offer are worth Acceptance, or adequate to their re- 
fpedive Abilities, as they did during the Courfe of the laft War, very 
much to the Satisfadlion of thofe Colonies who exerted themfelves, 
often making them a Compenfation " according as their active Vigour 
*' and ftrenuous Efforts refpedively appeared to merit." The Neceffity 
of fome fuch Supreme Judge is evident from the very Nature of the 
Cafe, as otherwife fome Colonies might not contribute their due Pro- 
portion. During the laft War, I well remember, it was ardently wiih- 
ed by fome of the Colonies that others, who were thought to be delin- 
quent, might be compelled by Ad of Parliament to bear an equal 
Share of the publick Burdens. It appears by the Minutes of Affemr- 
bly, in March and April 1 758, that fome of the neighbouring Colonies 
thought Ne-w-Jerfey had not at that Time contributed its due Share 
towards the Expences of the War, and that Prefident Bxading (the then 
Commander in Chief of the Colony) was of the fame Opinion. And 
fince my Aaminiftration, when the Affembly in 1764 was called upon 
to make Provifion for raifing fome Troops on Account of the Indimi 
War, they declined doing it for fome Time, but ** on Condition a 
** Majority of the Eaftern Colonies, as far as to include Majfachufett' s- 
" Bay^ fhould come into His Majefty's Requifition on the Occafion." 
But, as none of the Affemblies of the New-England Governments 
thought themfelves nearly concerned, nothing was granted by them ; 
and the whole Burden of the Expeditions then carried on fell upon 

Great- 



iSthG. III. WILLIAM FRANKLIN, Efq. Governor. ii 



Great-Britain and three or four of the middle Colonies ; with which 
this Colony was diflatisfied, and the AiTembly complained of it in one 

of their AddrefTes to me on the Occafion. But what fully Evinces 

that there is no Defign of Opprellion or Extortion in the propoied Re- 
fervation in His Majefhy and his Parliament of the Right of approv- 
ing the Aids which may be offered by the Colonies, is, His Ma- 
jelty's gracious Alfurance that the Propofitions on this Head will be 

received with every pq//ible Indulgence. The Monies raifed by 

the feveral Colonies as their Proportion to the Cotnmon Defence is made 
fubject to the Difpofal of Parliament, as in Juftice it ought, as they 
furnifli the ivhok Sum which may be wanted for that neceflary Pur- 
pofe, according to the Ertimatcs annually laid before them by the 
Crown, befides making Provifion for theCivil Lift and National Debt, 
towards which the Colonies are not aflced to contribute. The Army and 
Navy Eftablifhment it is well known is necelTarily increafed fince the 
Extenfion of the Britifo Dominions in America. The whole American 
Civil and Military Eftablifhment, as paid by Great-Britain, after the 
Peace of Aix la Chapelle was, it is faid, only £^, 70,000 Sterling ; but 
fince the laft Peace it amounts to upwards of £. 350,000, As this 
great additional Expence was chiefly incurred on an American Account 
it cannot but be reafonable that America fliould pay fome Part of it. 
To remove every Objedlion that other Taxes may be raifed upon Ame- 
rica, under the Colour of Regulations on Commerce, the Produce of 
all fuch Duties is to be carried to the Account of that Province where 
it is to be levied. 

We have now, thank Heaven, a happy Opportunity of gegin» en- 
tirely rid of this unnatural Conteft, by only complying with what I 
think, has been fully proved and acknowledged to be our indlfpenfable 
Duty. Wherever a People enjoy Protedion, and the other common 
Benefits of the State, nothing can be more reafonable than that they 
fliould bear their Share of the common Burden, 

It is much to be lamented that there is fo much Truth in the Ob- 
fervation. That Man